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Prospective Research Is to Conduct a Single-Subject Case Study

… ¶ … prospective research is to conduct a single-subject study with a college-educated, professional, single, female client who suffers from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that is the result of sexual assault (date rape). The client's post-traumatic behaviors include engaging in alcohol abuse and sexual promiscuity as coping devices to address her symptoms of anxiety and depression. The client's sexual assault occurred when she was a college student, however, her PTSD has continued well into adulthood and she is now 40-years of age. The annual incidence rate of rape or attempted rape on college campuses is approximately 5% of women students ("American College Health Association," 2013; Kilpatrick, et al., 2007).

The association of post-traumatic stress disorder resulting from sexual trauma has been associated with alcohol abuse…. [read more]

Deinstitutionalization Literature and Research Sources Research Paper

… Deinstitutionalization

Discussion Question One: What is the importance of a historical literature review?

Literature review, a critical step in research procedure, is a synthesis of what is published concerning a selected topic by accredited researchers and scholars, and it provides an explanation of the literature pertinent to a certain topic or field. Literature review helps in expanding knowledge relating to a specific topic besides helping researchers to demonstrate their skills in critical evaluation and information seeking (Kumar, 2005). The review of literature also helps researchers in ascertaining major gaps in literature that forms the basis of their research. Literature review despite being challenging offers a theoretical framework to the target audience. Literature review helps the audience in understanding the research problem and the techniques applied.…. [read more]

Prospective Memory and Aging Term Paper

… Prospective Memory and Aging

Prospective Memory Theories Conflict

Prospective Memory

Prospective Memory in Older Adults

Age Prospective Memory Paradox

Problem Statement Resolved

Four Phases of Prospective Memory

Five Points Supporting Writer's Stance


"Results pertaining to adult age differences in prospective memory performance are conflicting, with some studies reporting no deficits for older adults and others observing significant age-related

(Cohen, Dixon, Lindsay, & Masson, 2003, ¶ 2).

Prospective Memory Theories Conflict

Theories relating to the perspective of how an individual's memory functions, like an individual's perspective on life, can range from reasonably positive to models which are practically negative. In the book, Handbook of Communication and Aging Research, Ann O'Hanlon and Peter Coleman (2004) note that as a person moves chronologically through…. [read more]

Spotlighting Samplings 4 Qualitative Research Research Paper

… Magilvy and Thomas (2009) explain that "qualitative research data are usually text data, narratives, and stories told by people about their experiences recorded digitally, on tape, on film, or in photographs, or in notes taken by the researcher" (¶ 4). After being analyzed, described and explained, the ensuring retrieved data may offer a detailed account of the experience "as lived."

As explained earlier in the study, research design illustrates the entire research process from the first notion of the research problem, to creating the data, analyzing and explaining the findings and ultimately publishing the results. In addition to the phenomenology method, the survey method, the ethnography method, and the case study method, the methods the current study examines, research designs also include, however, may not…. [read more]

Obamacare Good for the Economy? Research Paper

… (Farazmand, 2001)

However social policies have been reflected in a number of areas including education, poverty and Medicare. There has been great progress post globalization where there was a revision of this trend where government moves the welfare services to the private sector to help it continue the services is unique to the United States, while in other countries the duality exists with the states bearing the burden of not only providing but also maintaining and innovating such services. (Farazmand, 2001)

There have been success previously in the medical policies and there is no reason why in the case of the Obamacare also it would not be a success. For example the medical policy like accountable care organizations -- ACO has solved the issues like…. [read more]

Financial Research Report Company Overview Starbucks Operates Research Paper

… Financial Research Report

Company Overview

Starbucks operates a chain of coffee shops in the United States and in dozens of other countries around the world. The company offers gourmet coffee drinks along with a large list of ancillary products ranging from take-home beans to compact discs to assorted menu items. The company grew rapidly throughout the 1990s and 2000s until the late part of the last decade when it entered a period of slow growth and finally some contraction. Even though the core North American market is relatively saturated, strong growth opportunities remain overseas where the company franchises its name to local operators. The company views China as a major source of growth going forward (Sanchanta, 2010).

Starbucks built its brand on a differentiated strategy.…. [read more]

Shrinking Middle-Class America Capstone Project

… Also, given that they are constructed in smaller dimensions, they can be delivered to the public in a quicker manner, and they can as such be more relevant in the context of a novel issue. Nevertheless, the journal articles are often constructed on niche subjects, which might have a variable relevance in a specific research context. Finally, the internet articles are the ones of the most actuality, yet they are seldom peer reviewed. In other words, the information they contain might be biased and unreliable, and it is necessary to conduct additional research to validate the findings from internet sources.

2.2. Review of the available literature

2.1.1. Defining the middle class concept

The topic of the shrinking middle class in the United States is a…. [read more]

Employee Privacy Torts Issues Relating Research Paper

… If they are unable to lawfully withhold the information asked for, the act allows a complaint to be lodged in federal court since the right to access is enforceable.

The exemptions to this act are documents that are classified as secret because of national defense or foreign policy, documents related to internal personnel rules and practices, documents exempted by other statutes, trade secrets, confidential or privileged commercial or financial information, privileged inter and intra-agency memorandum, documents that would clearly lead to invasion of personal privacy, documents complied for law enforcement purposes, documents related to SEC regulated financial institutions and those which contain exempt information regarding gas and oil wells.

The act, however, does not apply to records held by the federal judiciary or the U.S.…. [read more]

Door to Balloon Time Research Paper

… These patients should not be evaluated over the telephone. The preferable mode of transport to the emergency department should be via an EMS rather than with private transport. (Harding et al., 2010)

In order to minimize the delay, patients are advised not to repeat a second dose of nitroglycerine if the pain persists. (Harding et al., 2010) Instead, an EMS should be contacted immediately and an additional two doses, at fifteen minute intervals, can be taken while waiting for EMS arrival. Current protocols also advocate the use of a pre-hospital ECG in order to distinguish STEMI patients for immediate transfer to PCI facilities. (Harding et al., 2010) For patients who do not have ST segment or T. wave changes, a repeat ECG after twenty minutes…. [read more]

Bipolar Disorder Symptoms Research Paper

… Besides this, due to the CYP450 drug interactions, carbamazapine in combination with sodium divalproex are not suggested for use in combination (Kowatch & Delbello, 2005). Researchers have said about a reduction in manic or depressed symptoms in studies evaluating monotherapy with lithium (only or in comparison to divalproex sodium at the periods of 20 months, then 14 weeks and finally 6 weeks) that these specific mood stabilizers could not uphold over the longer period of time and a second medication was defensible to get reduction in symptoms in some studies (Calabrese et al. 2005; Findling et al., 2005a and 2005b; Geller, Williams, et al., 1998).

In addition to this, for managing a short-term and severe bipolar disorder in children, the use of risperidone, olanzapine as…. [read more]

Falls the Issue of Accidental Essay

… (2007) note that the financial implications for the hospitals themselves in terms of additional costs and addition bed-days per involved patient adds up to a significant amount, with the National Health Service of Great Britain having to settle claims on the order of GBP 7.7 million, the equivalent of $12.2 million (p177). Over half of these costs were attributed to hip and pelvic fractures alone, suggesting that, in the population surveyed in Great Britain, a pattern can begin to emerge, related to the overhwhelming incidence of such accidental falls involving elderly patients. These statistics are borne out by reporting on the subject by the CDC in America. The CDC reports that, in 2009, there were 2.2 million emergency room visits required by older adults in…. [read more]

Creating a Proposal for a Counseling Group Research Paper

… Counseling groups give members the opportunity to share experiences, discover new viewpoints, and experiment with the new behaviors in a relatively safe and supportive environment. A professional counseling service provider leads the group in its endeavor to satisfy demands of the members. This paper is a proposal that creates and illustrates a counseling group. In particular, it discusses into details the goals and objectives, evaluation plan for total group experience, logistics of group program, a comprehensive description of ten group sessions, description of group activities, and evaluation of the group. This evaluation will take into account the various copies of tests, rating forms, and questionnaires that are culturally appropriate.


Purpose and Rationale

The counseling group intends to provide members majority of which are teenagers…. [read more]

Complexities of Doing Business Term Paper

… Enumerate and briefly explain the research question(s) to be answered and identify the policy, practice, or theory issues to be addressed. List specifically the major research questions, and any sub-questions under each major question.

c. Describe the frame of reference & identify the theoretica1/conceptual (or other) frame of reference, which is the context of the study. Summarize the elements of the rationale for the study and its design briefly here.

d. Provide a brief overview of your date sources and data analysis plans (research design), including procedures for collecting, organizing, and analyzing the data. Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria- list specific eligibility requirements for subjects, including those criteria which would exclude otherwise acceptable subjects.

e. State your expected results - provide a brief summary of what…. [read more]

Corporate Governance: A Review Essay

… , 2003). Increased need of capital resources to be raised from open markets has also led the importance of corporate governance to increase in recent years. Another aspect of corporate governance culture that has increasingly come to be scrutinized is the value-based governance and bottom line governance. Firms in Europe and specifically in the U.S. market have emphasized that their companies should reengage in value-based corporate governance (Du Plessis, et al., 2010; p. 11)In modern corporations, corporate governance arises through the severance of ownership and management control in the organizations.

Principles of Corporate Governance

Researchers have also identified the essential principles on which the conduct of corporate governance rests. These are:







Social responsibility (Du Plessis, et al., 2010).

Du…. [read more]

Business Case for Single Responder Ambulance Paramedic Business Proposal

… Business case for single responder ambulance paramedic to use CPR without stops for ventilating the patient.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a procedure that can be administered from a single person in an attempt to keep a person alive that has suffered from cardiac arrest, which causes the heart to stop. Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is the leading cause of death in the United States and is usually fatal within minutes unless immediate action is taken such as beginning chest compressions (American Heart Association, 2006). CPR is conducted by using one's hands to compress the chest in an effort to manually keep the heart pumping thus maintaining circulation of oxygenated blood (American Heart Association, 2006). A person administering CPR can combine compressions with artificial respiration via…. [read more]

Feasibility Study for Establishing a Child Care Facility Term Paper

… ¶ … Establishing a Child Care Facility

MSA 685 Project Report

Types of Business Acquisitions

Different Legal Structures of Businesses

Contents of a Business Plan


Description of Business

Marketing Strategy and Analysis

Financial Plan and Analysis











Cloud Computing Today's and Tomorrow Research Paper

… "

Finally, cloud computing is going to have a great impact to tomorrow's society given that it is going to introduce the opportunity of sharing resources between the large pool of the users. It will also allow for the centralization of the infrastructures within the areas which has low cost and lastly it will allow for peak-load increase in capacity. The above features of cloud computing will absolutely lead to an additional savings to energy as well as, a larger environmental sustainability, whose appraisal, though, is a subject to larger uncertainties.


This paper examines the impacts of cloud computing from today's technology to tomorrows; it also focused on the question of whether the societies with future technologies will affect their lifestyle. It is therefore…. [read more]

Double Jeopardy the Ancient Research Paper

… The outcomes of such a conviction are intense; however, the anxiety and anticipation starts during the early stages in the criminal trial process and will influence the innocent and guilty individuals subsequently (Roberts, 2002). The process is inconvenient because the criminal trial can influence careers and relationships even before the court deliver its verdict upon the accused. In addition, the public nature of the criminal trial makes the process embarrassing and stigmatizing for the accused.

In addition, retrials are extremely burdensome. Exposing an individual through the perils of the legal justice system process more than once approaches the confines of oppression. It is apparent that some accused who undergo post-acquittal retrials suffer psychological distress. In addition, for such accused people, they lack public sympathy because…. [read more]

Teen Smoking Behaviors Current Consequences Research Proposal

… ¶ … Teen smoking behaviors

Current consequences of the problem.

Importance/Benefits of the Study

Dependent variables:

Extraneous Variable

Scoring answers

Qualification of researchers


This business research proposal is about a campaign to stop smoking at the age at which teens are most likely to start, in middle school. The program will be aimed primarily at white teens, as black teens are much less likely to start smoking at that time.

This business research proposal is for a non-profit organization, but the problems will be attacked in a businesslike way, with market research.

Individuals begin their habitual behaviors early in their teenage years. Although the cigarette industry in the United States has been barred from using advertisements that appeal directly to teens, there are nevertheless…. [read more]

Truancy Rationale, Relevance, Significance Organization of Remainder Research Proposal

… Truancy

Rationale, Relevance, Significance

Organization of Remainder of Study

Review of the Critical Literature

Historical Context

Motivational and Behavioral Research: Why Punishment Doesn't Work

Co-Morbidity with Other Problems: Identifying Stressors

Bridging the Gap Between the Criminal Justice System and School Counselors

Experimental Design and the Problem of Truancy

Researcher's Philosophy

Research Design Guide or Model

Sampling Design and Setting


Field Testing/Pilot Testing

Internal Validity

External Validity

Expected Findings

Ethical Issues


New Approach to an Old Problem: Do Incentive Programs Decrease Truancy among Middle School Students


Truancy refers to any unexcused absence from school. Each state enacts their own school attendance laws and determines at what age the child is required to begin schooling, when a child can legally drop out…. [read more]

Whose Responsibility Is Informed Consent in the Patient at Risk for Postoperative Vision Loss Research Proposal

… Postoperative Vision Loss

Elements of an Informed Consent Form

Patients Who May be Unable to Make Healthcare Decisions

Recommendations for Decreasing POVL

Four Elements of Negligence

Prudent Behaviors in Medical Informed Consent

Cortical Blindness (Vision loss after…, 2009, ¶ 6).

CRAO: Central Retinal Artery Occlusion (Chang & Miller, 2005, Introduction section, ¶ 1).

IGT: Iowa Gambling Task (Northoff, 2006, p. 70).

Ischemic Optic Neuropathy (Vision loss after…, 2009, ¶ 6).

IOP: Intraocular Pressure (Gilbert, 2006, ¶ 4).

MacCAT-T: MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool (Northoff, 2006, p. 70).

NQF: National Quality Forum (Clarke, Johnston & Finley, 2007, p. 395).

OR: Operating Room (Clarke, Johnston & Finley, 2007, p. 396).

POION: Perioperative Ischemic Optic Neuropathy (Chang & Miller, 2005, Introduction section,

¶ 1).

POVL: Perioperative Visual Loss (Gilbert,…. [read more]

College Worth It?' Weighs on Local Students Research Paper

… ¶ … college worth it?' weighs on local students.

The Press Democrat. Jeremy Hay, May 18, 2013.

Ever since the post-Second World War era, a college education has been the traditional path of those focused on professional success in the United States, and elsewhere in the industrial world. As a result, there is a general expectation that pursuing a college degree is, necessarily, more consistent with long-term success in professional life and life in general. Typically, high school graduates are encouraged to continue on to college, whether or not they have any specific idea of what course of study or professional field to pursue. However, the increasing cost of a college education combined with reduction in demand for labor in a less optimistic national economy…. [read more]

Influence of Branding on Consumer Purchasing Behavior Research Proposal

… Branding Strategies

Assessing the Influence of branding on consumer purchase behavior is begins with an analysis of how the accumulated effects of marketing strategies contribute to the permanency of branding and their accumulative effects on consumers. The impact of Web 2.0 technologies (Bernoff, Li, is re-ordering the dynamics of branding on a global scale based on social networking. Broader still is the cultural assimilation of branding on a global scale. Learning and cultural assimilation is actually becoming more pervasive as a result of more effective branding strategies that are being implemented. This cultural assimilation and focus isn't at the expense of cultural richness and identity at a local level however. Research completed in this dissertation shows that branding and messaging is interpreted and synthesized…. [read more]

Learning to Play Business Golf Research Proposal

… Learning to Play Business Golf

What is my goal for this project?

The project I have chosen is to analyze the concept of business golf. Further to that, I wish to develop a plan for me to learn to play golf, and then engage in business golf to attract and retain key clients. I hope that in the course of this project I am able to determine the steps I need to take to learn how to play the game of golf, and figure out what I can expect in terms of outcomes from playing business golf.

Business golf is a formalized version of an age-old concept. For as long as there has been business, that business has been based on relationships. Sometimes those relationships…. [read more]

Environmental Tobacco and Asthma Research Paper

… The study also showed that the children exposed to Environment Tobacco Smoke are likely to become smokers (Larsson, Frisk, Hallstro-m, Kiviloog, & Lundba-c, 2001).

Another study conducted to determine if environment tobacco smoke has any effect or role in the development of asthma in children was done during 1999 -- 2000 by collecting information from a survey that was conducted in the population of children. The results of asthma symptoms were applied to the sample which was exposed to tobacco smoke.

The study helped to determine that there was a strong relationship between smoke exposure and risks of asthma. This relationship was direct and positive. Almost 15% of the cases having asthma reported the cause as exposure to environment tobacco smoke and smoking during childhood.…. [read more]

Stress Refers to a State of Tension Thesis

… Stress refers to a state of tension that the mind and the body are subjected to in response to real or perceived threats. The term stress was originally coined by the Canadian endocrinologist Hans Selye in 1936, who defined stress as "the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change" [AIS] There is no one single definition for the term and a generally accepted definition of stress is "a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceives that demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize." [AIS] During his experimental studies on animal subjects, Selye noted that exposing animals to irritant and dangerous physical or chemical stimulus (such as heavy noise, glaring light, etc.) resulted in a common…. [read more]

Space Vehicles for Future Research Paper

… Such technological growths will as well have fascinating implications on the hotel industry. Notably, the required technology for initial orbital accommodation is much simpler than that required by the passenger launch space vehicles. It is also simpler than that required within the orbiting research stations. Here, there is no need for extremely accurate high-speed computers, communications, attitude controls, and/or custom designed research equipment. Perhaps by 2030, orbital hotels will be beyond the first generations encompassing clusters of ordinary pre-fabricated modules, including large structures such as entertainment complexes, sports centers, and resort hotels assembled within the earth's orbit.

As the scenario described above develops, commercial incentives will arise thereby leading to at least one propellant service station within every hotel orbits, supplying hydrogen, oxygen, and water.…. [read more]

Mitten Restraints in ICU Patients Research Paper

… Mitten Restraints in ICU Patients

The use of mittens or sleeve restraints as effective as the use of wrist restraints in the prevention of unplanned extubation

Endotracheal tubes are an uncomfortable reality for patients in intensive care units. Often, patients will remove their tubes by themselves, placing them at risk of harm from the inability to breath through mechanical means. The issue of various types of restraints is a topic that has received recent attention from the medical community. The problem unplanned extubation is a serious risk for patients and increases the difficulty of caring for intensive care patients. The problem is important for the medical community and for the patients. The following will explore representative articles regarding the use of various restraints on patients…. [read more]

Search Strategies for Nursing Research Research Paper


Google Scholar

Edwards, C., Rogers, A., Lynch, S., et al. (2012). The effects of bariatric surgery weight loss on knee pain in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Arthritis, 2012, [Clinical Study]. Comment by Patricia: How many authors? See APA format for citing multiple authors


Paans, N., van den Akker-Scheek, I., van derMeer, K., Bulstra, S.K. & and Stevens, M. (2009). The effects of exercise and weight loss in overweight patients with hip osteoarthritis: design of a prospective cohort study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 10, 24. doi:10.1186/1471-2474-10-24 Comment by Patricia: This article looks very relevant to your PICOT

Sports Medicine Comment by Patricia: Is this a database? It was not mentioned earlier

Edwards, C., Rogers, A., Lynch, S., et al. (2012). The effects…. [read more]

Crowdsourcing Techniques in Call Centers Dissertation

… [EXCERPT] . . . promising phenomenon that lends itself to call centers' ability to improve their own and their other business units' efficiency is the employment of crowdsourcing. Crowdsourcing is an online, distributed problem-solving and production model already in use by for-profit organizations such as Threadless, iStockphoto, and InnoCentive. Speculation in Weblogs and wisdom of crowds theory assumes a diverse crowd engaged in crowdsourcing labor. Crowdsourcing is the act of taking a job traditionally performed by a designated agent (usually an employee) and outsourcing it to an undefined, generally large group of people in the form of an open call. Furthermore, and as crowdsourcing is in some ways similar to open-source software production, prior research suggests that individuals in the crowd likely participate in crowdsourcing…. [read more]

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