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Components of Adlerian Therapy Term Paper

… ¶ … components of Adlerian Therapy, Psychoanalytic Therapy (including the modern theorists)

Adlerian Therapy

Key points of each theory

Humans are motivated through various factors which include social interests, struggle to achieve the goals and facing different challenges and dealing with different phases of life. Emphasis is made on the individual's capacity and positive traits to live in a society with cooperation. Every person has the ability to understand, influence and create events. Every person tends to develop a specific life style at a very early age which stays the same throughout the life.

Ideas unique to the theory

Radically and logically, Adlerian psychotherapy is the procedure of encouragement and motivation, which is centered in the sense of collective humanity and a conviction that there…. [read more]

Adlerian Therapy and Cognitive Behavior Creative Writing

… Leading the client to investigate and monitor his thoughts has been shown to be successful in mitigating depression as well as many other mental diseases (Hoifodt et al., 2011; Robertson, 2010).

The client then is helped in shaping his environment / implementing certain behavior that will lead to a more constructive situation and behavior. This is the behavioral component of the approach. Methods used here including positive / negative reinforcement, or operant conditioning, where certain constructive behavior is rewarded therefore encouraged, and negative, self-defeating behavior is punished / rejected therefore hopefully extinguished. The client is also shown how to engineer his environment so that his environment will help him obtain his goals. Modeling successful others is a component of CBT as well as keeping a…. [read more]

Adlerian Therapy Term Paper

… Adlerian Therapy

As with other psychological therapies, the Adlerian model is also focused on bringing about a positive change. However, Adlerian therapy is not limited to changing the internal process as it envisions change in a much broader social context. Adlerian approach was revolutionary in those days as he strived towards societal or community level changes. Human behavior in the Adlerian theory is considered in the context of the environment. This social context of behavior is in fact central to the Adlerian philosophy. One of the main goals of the adlerian therapy is to establish a cooperative relationship with the patient and to bring out the impressions from his/her past and to analyze how they affect his social perception. Thus every individual's problem is essentially…. [read more]

Psychoanalysis and Adlerian Therapies Term Paper

… Psychoanalysis and Adlerian Therapies

Counseling is defined as professional guidance in resolving personal conflicts and emotional problems (Lexicon Publishing LLC 2007). Two of the most common counseling therapies are psychoanalysis and the Adlerian therapy.

Psychoanalysis was developed by Sigmund Freud, a practicing physician in Vienna, Austria, who specialized in neurological disorders (Frey 1999, Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence 1998). The therapist who uses this approach helps the patient better understand himself by guiding his self-examination of deep personal feelings, relationships and events, which have contributed to the development of his motivations and behavior. During his practice in the early 19th and early 20th centuries, Freud had patients who evidenced physical symptoms for psychological disorders. He used hypnosis to get to the cause of these disorders.…. [read more]

Theory Critique of Psychoanalytic Therapy and Adlerian Term Paper

… ¶ … Psychoanalytic and Adlerian Therapies

Analysis of Psychoanalytic Therapy and Adlerian Therapy

Psychoanalytic Therapy

Psychotherapy focuses on the unconscious and how it influences human behavior. It claims that a person is driven by aggression and sexual impulses. It focuses mainly on the first six years of human life and how events during this time period determine later personality. Repressed conflicts from childhood lead to personality problems later in life. Anxiety is a direct result of the repression of conflicts.

Psychoanalysts believe that unconscious motives, along with unresolved conflicts, lead to maladaptive behavior. Therefore, a psychoanalyst believes that to develop a normal personality, a person must go through five psychosexual stages successfully: Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, and Genital. Psychoanalysis focuses on early childhood, postulating that…. [read more]

Therapeutic Techniques Person Cantered Therapy Essay

… Therefore, he advocates that with equitable protection of a child from the influences of the environment, he or she is likely to adopt a given behavior. Therefore, the environment is hugely influential and should be protected in order to influence on the wanted characteristics within a child. Behavior change is a factor of the environment.

On the other hand, Rogers has similar opinions and perceptions as concerns the environment and change of behavior in the client. According to Rogers, the environment is critical when it comes to the determination of the behavior of a child. A child or client has innate characteristics that are capable of molding him or her into a better person. Nonetheless, the influence of the environment through the therapist will determine…. [read more]

Psychoanalysis the Opening Phase Term Paper

… The denial is closely linked to his relationships, as Carlos feels entitled to the love of the woman as if he were not sick. At one point, Yalom (1989) states directly to Carlos that he "doesn't make any sense at all," (74). This is a cornerstone of Adlerian therapy, in which the therapist treats the patient as an equal. He is direct and forthcoming about the analysis of Carlos's irrational thought processes. Yalom (1989) also relies on Adlerian therapy in the sense that the two maintain a strong and healthy therapeutic relationship that borders on the friendship; and Yalom (1989) helps Carlos to uncover his lifestyle dynamics. The lifestyle dynamics are revealed when Yalom (1989) asks Carlos to consider a world in which rape were…. [read more]

Solution Focused Brief Therapy How it Works With Couples Term Paper

… Solution focused brief therapy (SFBT): its nature and effectiveness in couple and family therapy

The prevalence of psychotherapy as one of the leading treatments in the field of psychology illustrated how people's problems can be analyzed and possibly resolved through psychoanalytical techniques. These techniques depend on psychoanalytical theories, which delve into the individual's personal history, arguing that this would enable both the counselor (therapist) and patient/s to identify and formulate solutions that will resolve the patient's problems.

Through the years, however, long-term therapy gave way to a new alternative on psychoanalysis-based problem resolution techniques. Brief therapy or short-term therapy was introduced, a new means in which therapy can be accomplished in a shorter period of time. This eliminates the sometimes ineffectiveness and demanding nature of…. [read more]

Counseling and Psychotherapy: The Acquisition Term Paper

… First, the therapist or counselor will be intentional in all activities since the therapy is not a random process. Secondly, the framework enables the adjustment of counseling strategies from time to time in order to fit the needs, issues, and perspectives of the client. Thirdly, the therapist or counselor will evaluate the cultural implications concerning the counseling strategy or therapy technique that has been selected.

Since the goal of the integrative framework is to help the client to identify what they really want and help him/her to accomplish it, the therapist looks at the client's story for clues on how to help him/her. This is mainly because one major aspect of the framework is that clients have several of their own answers and found within…. [read more]

Sex Therapy the Efforts Term Paper

… (Mangan, 1992) These problems are rectified by sex therapy. Sex therapy involves administration of some of the structured sexual tasks to the couple at the therapist's office. The couples practice the methods so prescribed successfully at home after understanding it fully, thereby rectifying the inhibitions that affects sexual response. Techniques developed by the Americans William Masters and Virginia Johnson during 1960s are most frequently used by the therapists. (Leiblum; Raymond, 1989)

The sex therapist mainly brings remedies with the non-organic problems affecting the sexual lives including premature ejaculation, impotence and other forms of sexual dysfunction. Therapists resort on exercises emphasizing inflicting and attaining sensual pleasures in order to overcome the anxieties about sex. Sex therapy may also involve specialized treatments against the specific sex-related problems.…. [read more]

Psychotherapies if Rape Were Legal Term Paper

… The self-concept does not necessarily constantly fit with truth, however, and the means we see ourselves might vary considerably from how others see us. An individual may be really fascinating to others and yet consider himself to be monotonous. He judges and assesses this image he has of himself as a bore and this valuing will be mirrored in his confidence. The positive female might have a high self-confidence and the guy who sees himself as a bore could have a reduced confidence, presuming that strength/confidence are very valued which being dull is not (Rogers, 1986). The following text from the story 'if rape were legal' shows how the person centered theory was applied:


The essential property of REBT (Rational-Emotive Behaviour Treatment) is that…. [read more]

Group Counseling and Substance Abuse Research Paper

… Group Counseling and Substance Abuse

There is a plentiful collection of literature regarding group counseling and substance abuse, and this paper will present two theories in that regard.

Client-Centered Therapy (also referred to as "Person-Centered Therapy"): Psychologist Carl Rogers, a renowned educator and innovator in matters of therapy, launched a new approach to treating behavioral issues about sixty-six years ago. His approach was a huge departure from Freudian psychotherapy / psychoanalysis, according to an article in the Harvard Mental Health Letter (Harvard Medical School, 2006) (HMS). Basically Rogers' approach is to eschew some of the common strategies; the Client-Centered Therapy does not employ psychological tests, or "agree or disagree with clients or express opinions of their own" -- nor does the Rogers approach "explore the…. [read more]

William Glasser Developed His Theory Essay

… As such, Glasser (1965) describes the term responsibility as "the ability to fulfill one's needs, and to do so in a way that does not deprive others of the ability to fulfill their needs" (p. 15)

The goal in Reality Therapy, according to Glasser, is not only to help the client choose responsible behaviors, but also to help him reject irresponsible behaviors. Irresponsible behaviors are those that do harm to oneself and/or others. Glasser believes that there is no need to classify patients as neurotic or clinically depressed or schizophrenic, because all of these disorders essentially boil down to the premise of irresponsibility (Murdock, 2004).

Glasser also submits that in order for people to change their behaviors, they must first become moral judges of their…. [read more]

Alfred Adler Term Paper

… 96). The primary goal for most people was to overcome feelings of childhood inferiority, weakness and dependence as he had done and attain a sense of superiority or mastery, which would give "unity and coherence to the personality" (Engler, p. 96).

By superiority, Adler meant a 'will to power' (to use Nietzsche's misunderstood term) which had nothing to do with achieving wealth, status or control over others but a sense of self-mastery, self-realization and being made whole again. Achieving maturity was a process of moving from childhood feelings of inferiority and powerlessness to an adult sense of competence, fulfillment and superiority over the former self. Yet individual success was not the uppermost goal for Adler in determining overall psychological health, since humanity required a social…. [read more]

Dream Content as Therapy: Ego vs. Repression Dissertation

… For example: a parent has repeating nightmares, and the child "dreams his dreams " because the child is in a psychic resonance with the parent. The child's dreams end when the parent's does. Four, it might be a repetition of a past traumatic event in current lifetime. For example: a person might dream of a recent rape, a childhood assault or a wartime battle. This type of nightmare is so deeply etched in the psyche that it can require heavy use of behavioral dream-work techniques to modify the content and emotional intensity.

A fifth factor could be that the dream is a depiction of a past or probable life. For example: a client might dream the last events prior to a violent…. [read more]

Humanistic Theory in, Julie Case Study

… ¶ … Humanistic Theory

In case study, Julie is being affected by a host of different social problems that are helping contribute to her overall levels of anxiety. According to the humanistic theory, the basic challenges that are facing Julie have not been addressed. This means, that certain elements must be taken into consideration, in order for her to have a complete understanding of herself (as a person). The most notable include: her issues of intimacy, trouble getting along with others and a sense of frustration she will constantly feel. This is important, because it shows how some of her basic needs have been met such as: physiological and safety. Yet, when you move beyond these issues, the requirements of having complete self-awareness have not…. [read more]

Viktor Frankl Term Paper

… Viktor Frankl: Psychotherapy

Viktor Frankl's name will always be remembered in the history of psychotherapy as the man who brought existentialism to the field. Having gone through some truly agonizing and painful experiences in Auschwitz from 1943-45, Viktor Frankl founded a new school of psychotherapy that focused on meaning of life and man's connection with the soul and universe. F believed that his therapy had sprung from his days at the concentration camp and realized that for survival of man's body and soul, a meaning is needed. In other words, F maintained that man needs a sense of purpose to survive some excruciatingly difficult experiences and to emerge from them stronger and healthier. For F. himself that meaning was "to help others find their meaning."…. [read more]

Counseling and Personal Values Integrating Term Paper

… Transactional Analysis Theory -- This theory was given by Eric Berne. This therapy not only focuses on development of a productive life but also focuses on attaining health and independence.

Other Behavioral Theories -- The behavioral theories were mostly given by B.F. Skinner. These theories basically focus on making the clients emotionally and psychologically strong and rational.

We are familiar with all these theories, but each theory is a subject within itself. Therefore, to understand the practical approach towards this theory it is important to develop a thorough understanding of the theory.

Techniques of Counseling

Although there are different techniques of counseling available, the techniques chosen for further discussion are explained below.

Adlerian Technique

Adlerian technique had been devised from the Adlerian theory given by…. [read more]

Understanding Psychotherapy and Its Benefits Chapter

… Counseling


Psychodynamic-Interpersonal Theories are beneficial the field of psychology. Individuals who perceive psychodynamic therapy to be a good fit have floated various factors in support. The discipline seeks to address root causes of psychological complications as compared to CBT. In the end, the advantages include broader-based utilization and longer lasting curative measures. Psychodynamic therapy is one of the good ways of addressing psychosomatic conditions, personality patterns, and general distress or tendencies of repeated difficulties in an individual's work and relationship (Trimboli & Farr, 2000).

The scope of movement into the integration focus is addressed in distinct levels of psychotherapy taking place for decades. However, psychotherapy integration is a traditional way of hampering rivalry and competition in…. [read more]

Karen Horney Term Paper

… Psychology

Karen Horney:

Tale of Self-Actualization

Karen Horney was a leading reformer and theorist in the field of psychology and psychoanalysis. One of the first major proponents of feminine psychology, Horney's ideas can be considered neo-Freudian. Horney was much concerned with the concept of Self-Actualization. It was the individual's goal, she theorized, to achieve the maximum in personal satisfaction based on the actual realities of the self as opposed to the dreams of the less substantial Ideal Self. In order to understand Horney's theories, it is necessary to step back and examine their origin, both in Horney's own personal life, and in her psychological practice. Horney's life is set against the backdrop of many of the seminal events of the Twentieth Century, the ideological and…. [read more]

Falsifiability in Psychology Essay

… Falsifiability in Psychological Science

For a theory to be scientifically valid, it must be testable. The criteria for 'testability' includes a theory's capability of being proven wrong as well as correct by means of an experiment structured upon the principles of the scientific method. This idea of 'testability' is at the core of the idea of "falsifiability." The need for a theory to be subject to the principle of 'falsifiability' is one reason that controls are used in scientific experiments: for example, a teacher could give every child candy before a test and assert that the candy was the reason the children did poorly. There is no way to prove the hypothesis wrong by determining if children in a control group, who did not eat…. [read more]

Counselling Techniques Comparison of Humanistic Capstone Project

… The importance of this visibility is in the way it helps clients accept themselves just as they are. In some instances, active listening presents the clients with proper capacities in realizing their own thoughts and attitude beyond the therapy sessions. It is however important for counselors to note that, while applying active listening, they should take care of rewording the emotional content and not focus on repeating such content word for word. This is because repeating the content verbatim may translate to, not actually, listening, an aspect known as a glib.

With reference to gestalt technique, this relates to a division of this form of counselling which focus on assisting the client put together his/her thoughts, experiences, and feelings. This is a mean of understanding…. [read more]

Albert Ellis' REBT Term Paper

… There may be cases that within ourselves we think that what we believe in and grown up to are all right but with the help of REBT therapist we can evaluate those beliefs. REBT helps people to be unselfish and learns that other people also need to be considered not just he.

The disadvantage of REBT based on the online source,

REBT overlaps significantly with various "insight" therapies, including Freudian psychoanalysis and Adlerian individual psychology, in regard to the first of these two purposes, but it tends to deviate radically from them on the second. REBT espouses forceful, philosophic and behavioristic attacks on the individual's self-sabotaging Belief system.

It is said that REBT only works for the brainy people, it means only for the…. [read more]

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