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Stress and Its Effect on the Brain Research Paper

… Stress and Effects on Brain

Stress and Its Effect on the Brain

Neuropsychological research into human stress response is extensive, although progress in understanding the chemical changes in the brain due to stress has only happened in the last 30 years (Wallenstein, 2003). Stress is an important field of scientific research since it spans from distress in everyday life to more extreme manifestations of stress in mental disorders such as depression (Modell & Holsboer, 2005) and schizophrenia (Lewine, 2005). Stress touches most every child and adult's life in various ways. Traumatic stress rises in the events of war, abuse, assault, rape, childhood loss, or car accidents, among other events. Often such events lead to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is a pervasive form of chronic…. [read more]

Chronic Fatigue in the Aviation Research Paper

… Increased concentration and effort might assist the workers for a few minutes, but this does not compensate for fatigue during the entire shift. People need to understand that fatigue is real and can have a detrimental impact especially on safety in aviation. Employees need to balance between rest, work, and play for them to continue performing safety-critical tasks. Fatigue is not a sign of weakness, and it can reduce the flight crew's ability to fly safely John A Caldwell & Caldwell, 2005()

When fatigued a person's attention reduces, which makes the person leave out steps in the performance of their tasks. In aviation, leaving out a single step could have adverse effects on the aircraft. It is vital that the workers maintain their attention to…. [read more]

Stress Refers to a State of Tension Thesis

… Stress refers to a state of tension that the mind and the body are subjected to in response to real or perceived threats. The term stress was originally coined by the Canadian endocrinologist Hans Selye in 1936, who defined stress as "the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change" [AIS] There is no one single definition for the term and a generally accepted definition of stress is "a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceives that demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize." [AIS] During his experimental studies on animal subjects, Selye noted that exposing animals to irritant and dangerous physical or chemical stimulus (such as heavy noise, glaring light, etc.) resulted in a common…. [read more]

Stress Definition of Stress Researchers Essay

… The endocrine system releases stress hormones which trigger the liver to produce more blood sugar putting the body at risk for type 2 diabetes. Over the long-term, the strain on the respiratory system can make the body more susceptible to upper-respiratory infections. Prolonged stress on the cardiovascular system can cause narrowing of the arteries and elevate cholesterol levels, upping chances of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. Stress affects the reproductive system by shortening or lengthening menstrual cycles, and can make periods more painful. Furthermore, high levels of stress make bacterial vaginosis (BV) more likely and, during pregnancy, may increase the chance of your baby's developing asthma or allergies later in life. Short-term stress can actually boost the immune system, helping your body fight infection.…. [read more]

Stress Management Stress Evaluation Thesis

… In the following sections, understanding of the dimensions and measures related to stress evaluation and intervention will be contextualized through the PSM. Further into this proposed study, all dimensions and measures uncovered in the literature review will be assessed and eventually interpreted through this model. That is, for this proposed study, the working theoretical framework and model would be anchored on the basic components and routes illustrated in the Psychological Stress Model.

Stress Evaluation -- Dimensions and Measures. Review of literature on stress evaluation per se yielded different dimensions and measures that attempt to determine this concept quantitatively. Moeini (2008) dimensionalized stress evaluation in terms of self-efficacy, positing that perceived self-efficacy is an indication of one's susceptibility to stress. Moeini's study's hypothesis suggests general self-efficacy…. [read more]

Stress Prior to Surgery a Concept Analysis Thesis

… Stress prior to surgery: A Concept Analysis

Identity goals as they relate to nursing practice

Nursing goals related to the concept "stress prior to surgery" should ultimately be associated with alleviating as much of such stress as possible. The elimination of stress could be done through offering the patient more time and calm education regarding the procedure. Answering any questions that have not been answered by the patient's surgeon or other health care providers, or asking the surgeon to see the patient to clarify fears and needs associated with their care. The nurse might intervene additionally by walking the patient through a mental checklist of the procedure, they are about to have, as well as offering additional sedation options, allowing them to meet and possibly…. [read more]

Workplace Stress Study Term Paper

… Overtime work can also result in poor mental performances and other illnesses. The economic downturn, personal lives, low income and huge amount of workload have added to stress at job (Jadwiga, 2009).

When a person is experiencing stress, his hormones are released which included cortisol and catecholamines (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2003). The prolong activation of stress related illnesses can cause the system to disrupt the processes of the body and increase various problems related to health (APA, 2014). One of the illnesses is allostatic load which is a biological burden that is exacted on the body through regular adaptation of emotional and physical stress (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2003). This also results in autoimmune and inflammatory disorders, cognitive impairment, depression,…. [read more]

Stress Each of Us Term Paper

… The most common sign indicating that stress affects the cardiovascular system is the fast beating of the heart.

Researches indicate that relaxation is an effective remedy on the effects of stress on cardiovascular system. One of which is breathing exercises. This serves as a preventive measure that helps the cardiovascular system control high blood pressure and the effects of stress.

Effects of Stress on the Immune System

The immune system of the body acts as fighters and defenders against negative elements such as stress. Scientific studies suggest that part of our body that helps the immune system fight stress is a component of our brain that controls the stress response, the hypothalamus. Our brain releases stress hormones through the pituitary and adrenal glands. The immune…. [read more]

Psychological Sequelae of Childhood Sexual Abuse Research Proposal

… Psychological Sequelae of Childhood Sexual Abuse

The fact of childhood sexual abuse has become a central area of concern in countries throughout the world and has been described by experts as a "...major public health problem affecting thousands of children and adolescents in the United States each year" (Johnson, 2008). The trauma of childhood abuse of this nature is in itself horrific and innately damaging to the individual. However, the consequence of this abuse, especially if protracted over a long period of time, can have very serious and long-term psychological ramifications. What has become a focus of research on this issue is the question of the sequelae of childhood sexual abuse. This refers especially to the mental and psychological results and consequences of the trauma…. [read more]

Psychological Effects of Racism on Minority Groups Research Paper

… Psychological Effects of Racism

When the effects of contemporary racism are discussed, the conversation frequently revolves around the more tangible, practical effects of racism that are evident in large-scale trends, such as the dearth of minorities in political and corporate leadership positions, or the disproportionate number of minorities incarcerated and executed by countries such as the United States (Bobo & Fox, 2003, p. 321). This discussion of society-wide trends, while important, runs the risk of diminishing the individual, psychological effects of racism on minority groups, not only because it abstracts an otherwise immediate and deeply personal issue, but because a discussion of large-scale trends without an accompanying investigation into the smaller-scale constituent factors behind those trends can actually perpetuate racist ideologies; for example, while the…. [read more]

Stress and Its Effects Thesis

… Unresolved Stress/Corrections

Unmitigated and unresolved stress is one of the most significant social problems in the world today. Many people demonstrate significant aspects of stress-related illness and in many cases such stress is associated with work or a combination of life and work. The body, is brilliantly designed to help resolve stress through processes that are rarely required in today's world, i.e. The fight or flight physiological phenomena, yet most stress today requires much a more subtle physical and mental response to stress and most stress is not life threatening. It is for this reason and many others that the body is not completely prepared to deal with the more subtle forms of stress and strain associated with the norms of today's work and life.…. [read more]

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Term Paper

… Chronic Fatigue

Fatigue is normal aspect of the human condition. It can be an essential response to lack of proper sleep or diet, physical exertion, emotional stress, allergies or boredom. When the fatigue is chronic, or continues on a regular basis in a more serious manner, it can be a sign of a psychological or physical disorder. Today, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is becoming a commonly diagnosed condition, and healthcare providers are learning how to better manage the variety of symptoms. Although there is no specific cure for the ailment, a number of studies are presently being conducted to find new therapies. Also, because the condition is a relatively new defined condition, controversy exists regarding its definition, etiology, treatment, and pathogenesis in the medical community…. [read more]

Stress Factors in Law Enforcement Essay

… The daily grind of police work exposes officers to constant stressors that slowly accumulate making them more vulnerable to traumatic incidents and normal pressures of life. Often this process is too slow to see and neither the individual nor his or her constituents are aware of the damage being done.

While programs for acute stressors are important, few officers are involved in traumatic incidents in a year as compared to the whole department, which meets stress in call after call. One of these routine stressor are traffic stops. A police officer may pull over many cars during the course of a week for a variety of reasons. The officer is apt to hear excuses to gain sympathy or indignities to demean them, and there is…. [read more]

Psychological Effects the Iraqi War Has on the Front Line Troops Term Paper

… Psychological Effects the Iraqi War Has on the Front Line Troops

Stress as a result of warfare and combat situations is an element that has been increasingly realized as a contributing factor in mental illness and serious psychological disorders. This is particularly the case with regard to troops in the frontline who are impacted more seriously. The Iraq war has highlighted the negative affects of combat stress and tension in a number of studies of returning and active duty troops.

Research show that, conservatively, about thirty percent of troops returning from Iraq have to deal with PTSD or post traumatic stress disorder, among other psychological disorders. One of the aspects that are mentioned as a contributing factor to the high levels of stress in this…. [read more]

Stress Factors Essay

… " (p. 30)

They go on to argue that one way of managing stress, particularly with those who demonstrate some of the eccentricities that can lead to abnormal psychoses, is through a more positive channeling of the nervous energy that manifests as anxiety. This is a measure of stress management which the text by Lehrer & Woolfolk argues may not simply help the patient achieve greater regulatory control over his or her physiological response to stressors but it may also produce inherently constructive ways of channeling this energy. This denotes that one's conscious ability to maintain such control is a determinant factor in how one reacts to the presence of stress.

Stress management can take myriad forms and can be a determinant force in the…. [read more]

Stress This Is a Guideline and Template Essay

… Stress

This is a guideline and template. Please do not use as a final turn-in paper.

The physiology of stress refers to the changes to the body which occur during and after a "hostile" environment is incurred. Blood is diverted from the less vital organs to the ones more vital to survival. The heart rate increases. Blood pressure will increase.Rate of breathing will increase. Glycogen, stored in the liver and tissues, will be broken down to acquire more glucose for the body. These symptoms vary based on whether the stress is instantaneous -- an immediate threat -- or chronic and long-lasting. The hypothalamus and pituitary glands release ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone). This "excites" the adrenal gland to release a steroid hormone called cortisol. This can be…. [read more]

Stress Is an Unavoidable Fact Research Paper

… In these cases, there is a greater likelihood that the presence of stress will result in severe problems.

At some point everyone enters that period of life identified as adulthood (Lewis). The commencement of adulthood differs from individual to individual but is exemplified by the earmarks of adulthood such as family, work, and establishing roots in a home of some nature whether through renting or owning. In today's society this usually means getting married, having children, acquiring a mortgage, mounting credit card bills, and dealing with the declining health of their parents. These life realities cause individuals to begin examining their lives in regard to their relationships, their work, and their future. It is in this period of life that physical and biological changes begin…. [read more]

Stress What Does Term Paper

… Stress

What does Stress actually mean and connote? Stress is a state of tension and mental strain or suspense, and it is also a force that is responsible for producing a certain amount of strain on the physical body. Some sort of disturbance or anguish in the mind could cause it, and stress is generally accompanied by a whole lot of worries and anxieties and constant doubts and fears, and also, at times, suspicions and doubts. (Definition of Stress on the Web) Stress is found everywhere and is so widespread a phenomenon that it is almost impossible to read a newspaper or a magazine without seeing some sort of reference to the word 'Stress'. What is the reason for the obsession and fascination with the…. [read more]

Psychological Tests and Measurements Mmpi-2 (Minnesota Multiphasic Term Paper

… Psychological Tests and Measurements

Mmpi-2 (minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2)

This work is an examination of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory screening test that is used in the initiative of assessing the individual personality factors of the individual. This test is used for screening new hires by the company doing the hiring and is used for assessing effectiveness of medical and clinical treatment. The MMPI is shown in this work to be a very effective assessment method when administered by someone who is both properly trained and educated in the analysis of the data collected as a result of the test.




The objective of this work is to research and examine the MMPI-2 Personality Inventory test…. [read more]

Stress and CAD Essay

… The cardiovascular response to stress appears real, exquisitely complicated, and modifiable to a point. When a significant stressor continues or the person broods there are potential adverse cardiac issues and other health problems. But stress is not specific in its effects; that is that some people may experience ulcers, others heart issues, and others may have other health-related effects from stress. Since the effects of stress are potentially modifiable, high risk populations should receive assistance altering their behaviors and altering their cognitions.


Bosma, H., Peter, R., Siegrist, J., & Marmot, M. (1998). Two alternative job stress models and the risk of coronary artery disease. American Journal of Public Health, 88, 68 -- 74.

Lazarus, R.S. (1966). Psychological stress and the coping process. New York:…. [read more]

Psychologic Effect on People in a Natural Disaster Research Proposal

… Psychologic Effect on People in a Natural Disaster

The world has never been a benign or sterile environment, but history has shown time and again that humans are resilient creatures that are capable of enduring a great deal. In some cases, though, the overwhelming nature of an event can be so devastating that people experience a wide range of adverse psychological effects that can have life-threatening implications if left unattended. Although the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 clearly illustrated the enormous impact that manmade disasters can have on people, natural disasters such as tsunamis, hurricanes, tornadoes and so forth also can have these same adverse effects as well. In order to identify what these adverse psychologic effects are and what can be done about…. [read more]

Stress and Police Officials Research Paper

… As law enforcement professors have to face critical incidents and can suffer severe stress, it is significant to develop strategies and policies to assess, understand as well as solve the issues which were caused due to stress related incidents.

Finding methods to improve the environment of work place and developing relationships that cultivate the capability to communicate about frustrations is a vital step in stress management. It is also important for the recovery of psychological injury and emotional distress. Law enforcement professionals are exposed to higher risks of stressful incidents because of unpredictable situations but with the help of proper stress management everyone will have the opportunity to work even in non-favoring situations.


Bennett, W.W., & Hess, K.M. (2007). Management and Supervision in Law…. [read more]

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD Term Paper


Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is a condition from which nearly 10% of Americans suffer from. PTSD, unlike other afflictions, is associated with a wide variety of circumstances. Many war veterans suffer from Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. However, sexually abused children are quickly emerging as common suffers of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is a prevalent problem associated with children who are victims of sexual assault.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is classified as an anxiety disorder under the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Disorders (DSM-III). The diagnosis of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder was not formally diagnosed as part of DSM-III until 1980. According to Famolaro, 'the diagnoses of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder requires: (a) experience of a significant traumatic events; (b) re-experiencing of the trauma in one of several…. [read more]

Workplace Reorganization and Its Effects on the Welfare of Employees Literature Review

… Workplace Re-Organization and Its Effects on the Welfare of Employees

Organizational change has gained incremental momentum within the specialized literature of the past recent years. The dimensions of organizational change are numerous, including elements such as the necessity for change, the actual plan of change implementation or the management of change and its impacts. The academic community generally agrees with the incremental role played by organizational change within the contemporaneous business society. Offering a definition of organizational change is a highly challenging task and this difficulty is pegged to the complexity of the process on the one hand, and the perception that the term of organizational change is clear and does not require a formal definition, on the other hand. Some authors will simply commence…. [read more]

Forgiveness on Human Health Term Paper

… Factual forgiveness can be observed as a multifaceted, as well as, protracted evolutionary procedure divided from, however, also intertwined with righteousness, confession, genuineness, and settlement. Its ratification belongs completely to the victim and is a brave and commanding face of absolute recognition and love that can be observed as an effort to discontinue the relocation of abhorrence from one generation to the subsequent.

An authentic cooperative and individual readiness to endeavor to discharge the harms of the past, escorted by expectation and strength of mind to start one more, can be quarreled to be a beginning point in this procedure. However, what is the emotional family tree of forgiveness, is it the foundation of feeling that makes it achievable? Latest progress of a psychological "procedure…. [read more]

Psychological Effects of Chronic Stress Research Paper

… Physiological Effects of Chronic Stress


Stress can cause both physical and physiological affects on a person. Prolonged chronic stress has been shown to cause a number of different illnesses and problems. There have been many studies done that have researched the effects of stress on the mind and body. The causes of stress and the effects that it has on a person's mind and body have been determined to be numerous. It has been shown that there is a definite connection between chronic stress and physical and psychological responses in the body. It has been determined that stress in small amounts is fine, but chronic stress over a long extended period of time has been shown to manifest itself in a number of different…. [read more]

Effects of Population Density on Territoriality, Privacy, Personal Space and Noise Term Paper

… Experts have attempted to deal with the harmful effects of population density by various methods, including the introduction of nature into the urban environment and design to create the perception of ample space. Nature, such as an urban park, provides individuals with calming refuges that help bring them in tune with the rhythms and beauty of nature. Design to create the perception of ample space decreases the perception of encroachment on territoriality, privacy and personal space and therefore decreases the harmful effects of encroachment.

Noise is a sound wave that is unwanted or interferes with normal sound transmission. The perception of noise is highly subjective but can result in stress, high blood pressure and higher levels of cortisol, cardiovascular disease, sleep disturbances, anxiety and decreased…. [read more]

Stress and the Body in Patients With Non-Healing Wounds Essay

… Nursing

Stress and the Body in Patients with Non-Healing Wounds

Walburn, J., Vedhara, K., Hankins, M., Rixon, L., & Weinman, J. (2009). Psychological

stress and wound healing in humans: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 67(3), 253-271.

This article is a review of existing research that has been done in relation to psychological stress and wound healing. Initially twenty-two papers were identified as meeting the inclusion criteria for a systematic review and a subsample of 11 were identified as being able to be included in a meta-analysis. The studies looked at the impact of stress on the healing of an assortment of wound types in dissimilar circumstances, including acute and chronic clinical wounds, experimentally produced punch biopsy and blister wounds, and small…. [read more]

Chronic Pain and Resulting Depression Term Paper

… Today, there are many other drugs available for the treatment of depression, and some can treat pain, too.

Dr. Sternbach also stresses light exercise and activity along with using mental control techniques to manage chronic pain. He urges patients to set specific goals for their activities, including recreation, hobbies, work, and social activities, and to become as physically fit as the condition allows, and stay that way. "You need to begin a gradual, progressive conditioning program, ideally one that is prescribed just for you and which takes your medical situation into account" (Sternbach, 1987, p. 213). His studies have shown that people who follow his comprehensive program can manage their pain, avoid depression, and still lead happy and productive lives.

In conclusion, chronic pain and…. [read more]

Effect of Traumatic Brain Injury on Sexual Function Term Paper

… ¶ … Traumatic Head Injury on Sexual Function

Sexual Dysfunction Caused by Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury has a number of well documented long-lasting after effects which can inhibit the normal life of the injured individual. After serious head trauma, individuals suffer from both physical and emotional traumas, which must later be addressed and dealt with in order to return to every day living. One of the lesser documented consequences of some traumatic brain injuries are various physical, neuroatanomical, and psychological dysfunctions affecting sexual activity and behavior, "Overall, there was a fair greater tendency for TBI individuals to report a decrease in the frequency and quality of their sexual experiences," (Ponsford, 280). Following brain injury, many individuals suffer from a variety of sexual dysfunctions…. [read more]

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