Viewing papers 1-21 of 21 for psychology AND of AND learning AND summarize AND a AND classic AND experiment

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Psychology of Learning Summarize a Classic Experiment A-Level Coursework

… Psychology of Learning

Summarize a classic experiment in the Psychology of Learning.

One of the most interesting and profound experiments in all of psychology must be the Ivan Pavlov's work with the conditioning of dog's. Nearly every source surveyed makes some humorous reference to Pavlov and his dog experiments. For example, the official site of the Nobel Prize, an award that Pavlov himself won was awarded, titles an introductory section "Pavlov's drooling dogs" (Prize, 2001). His eeliest work was not dedicated on understanding behavior. Rather he worked to understand how the digestive system worked in mammals and used canines as subjects. Pavlov actually kind of stumbled on his behavioral work by noting that the dogs did not always salivate when expected. He later realized that…. [read more]

Social Cognitive Theory Journal

… ¶ … Dr. Bandura is the classic and innovative Bobo doll experiment from 1961. Inspired by his work, Victor C. Strasburger spoke about this and much of Bandura's other influential work in an article entitled "Risky Business: What Primary Care Practitioners Need to Know About the Influence of the Media on Adolescents." Albert Bandura created a holistic framework for social cognitive theory which takes into consideration the interaction between personal, environmental and behavioral variables. Although he affected many areas of psychological study, he has continued to affect the development of social cognitive theory with regard to children and television violence. Indeed, without his pioneering work, it is hard to see how social cognitive behavior theory as we know it would have developed, or at the…. [read more]

Dream Content as Therapy: Ego vs. Repression Dissertation

… For example: a parent has repeating nightmares, and the child "dreams his dreams " because the child is in a psychic resonance with the parent. The child's dreams end when the parent's does. Four, it might be a repetition of a past traumatic event in current lifetime. For example: a person might dream of a recent rape, a childhood assault or a wartime battle. This type of nightmare is so deeply etched in the psyche that it can require heavy use of behavioral dream-work techniques to modify the content and emotional intensity.

A fifth factor could be that the dream is a depiction of a past or probable life. For example: a client might dream the last events prior to a violent…. [read more]

Bias Motivation Capstone Project

… Bias

Motivation is a vital part of any company's work. Without motivation, performance will necessarily suffer. A high level of motivation provides individuals and companies with the energy to not only perform their required tasks well, but also to perform beyond the call of duty. In this way, outputs become truly excellent rather than merely adequate. The same is particularly true for the university environment, where highly motivated personnel will affect the excellence of outputs directly. There are a number of variables that interact to affect motivation and outputs. These can be applied to Strayer University to determine the level of their outputs and the motivation that underscores these.

The first variable is structure. Strayer University consists of various components. Top management is made up…. [read more]

Marriage and Family Therapy Supervision Models Term Paper

… ¶ … 21st century, the term marriage and family therapy (MFT) seems as if it was long available as a principle means of treatment. In the timeline of psychotherapy, however, it is relatively young. During its brief tenure, the field has undergone a number of changes that continue to this day. In fact, several experiential family therapy modalities are resulting in significant results in outcome studies. One of these newer couples therapies, developed by Susan Johnson and Leslie Greenberg, is called emotionally focused therapy (EFT). It is based on an attachment model of adult intimacy and addresses essential emotional responses and interactions to enhance relationships. In contrast to the traditional "emotion contrast therapy," EFT regards many unpleasant emotions as sources of useful information. Furthermore, EFT…. [read more]

Employee Motivation in a Pcba Contract Manufacturing Dissertation

… Employee motivation in a PCBA contract manufacturing industry -- an example of Plexus

Today many organizations are going through change due to globalization and ever changing technology. Organizations have to cope with these changes by broadening their networks, introducing new systems at work place, hiring new staff or other many such type of changes. These changes influence workplace atmospheres as well as existing employees and they feel it difficult to cope with the changes. Current paper is a case study of Plexus Company a part of the PCB contract company. Plexus organization went through change as its widened its network and as a result workplace atmosphere was affected. The researcher explored the change affect in the company at operational level by exploring the factors of…. [read more]

True Altruism Exist? Term Paper

… If no such point can be found, then we must conclude that the claim that empathy evokes altruistic motivation is of no real theoretical significance." Batson et al. additionally states that in the attempt to find a point of "behavioral difference, it is important, first to be clear about the points of conceptual difference." ( )

It is important according to Batson et al. To be "explicit about what we mean by egoistic and altruistic motivation for helping." ( ) The individuals assistance is egoistic "to the degree that he or she helps from a desire for personal gain or a desire to avoid personal pain. That is, egoistically motivated helping is directed toward the end-state goal of increasing the helper's own welfare. In contrast,…. [read more]

Criminal Justice/Forensics Undercover Thesis

… Criminal Justice/Forensics

Undercover" is a term that has made its way into the public vernacular, thanks in large part to movies and television programs. Undercover, at its fundamental level, means pretending to be someone else- the construction and portrayal of a false identity for an ulterior purpose. In the case of undercover police investigations, this ulterior purpose is to enforce the law. This is done by using a false identity to infiltrate a criminal group in order to gather evidence and build a case. This can be a long-term project- some cases have had an undercover operative on assignments that lasted for years. The purpose of this research paper is to show that undercover police officers are more likely to commit criminal acts than police…. [read more]

Applied Management and Decision Sciences Thesis

… ¶ … management and decision sciences from various theorists; and, analyzes the evolution of managerial decision making from scientific management to the complicated forecasting models used today. The objectives of the Breadth component were four-fold: (a) to examine the theories of applied management and decision sciences as interpreted by the research of Ducker (1974), Harrison (1975), and others as listed in the reference section; (b) to analyze the historic evolution of decision making from scientific management to modern applications of operations research; (c) to examine the decision making process, with a particular emphasis on the importance of values and management judgment; and (d) to describe, assess, and evaluate various decision evaluation tools including matrix analysis, influence diagrams, payoff matrices, sensitivity analysis, decision tree, probabilistic forecasting,…. [read more]

Developing in a Family Essay

… Family Development

Child care advice for parents

Child care and day care institutions are very much part of family life in contemporary Western societies. Our new generation of parents, especially mothers, have been psyched to believe that starting a family is no longer an impediment to having an enduring career that is both personally and financially rewarding. It can be an elusive goal, but work-family balance is increasingly becoming feasible, thanks to modern technology, flexible working conditions, and of course, the availability of child care.

Recent statistics show that up to 78% of previously working first-time mothers in the United States return to their jobs by the time their babies turn 12 months old, and that majority of them use child care and family day…. [read more]

Pogson and Tennant Thesis

… Pogson and Tennant

Which do you think most closely explains "you" as an adult learner?

I do not actually fit into any one of the specific theories that Pogson and Tennant have offered. The theory regarding practical intelligence is an interesting one, but yet I have many of the traits of this type of learner without being illiterate, as many of these learners are. The IQ model is probably the closest model to me as an adult learner. Since my IQ is above average, I feel that my intelligence is what best helps me learn. I do have difficulties with some areas of learning, but that is to be expected. Almost everyone has difficulties with something in their learning experience. Some people struggle with math,…. [read more]

Personal Philo Research Paper

… Personal Philo.

One of the most important issues society must consider is the socialization of its younger generations. How should we teach our children to embrace both civil freedom and individual liberties? That is, to be productive members of a collective society, while simultaneously maintaining their individuality. Much of the philosophy regarding this process centers on the question of nature and nurture. Much of the scientific evidences available to us today points towards a combination of the two concepts -- that, in fact, not only are humans born with inborn qualities, but, also, the society in which they are brought up determines how these qualities -- and, even, which of them -- are expressed. For these reasons, and others, the teacher's job is crucial to…. [read more]

Global Market Research- Roles and Challenges Dissertation

… Global Market Research- Roles and Challenges

Global Market Research:

Roles and Challenges

As service organizations go on with expansion plans internationally, the need to be able to appreciate consumers in distant places is increasing. Marketing research is an important mechanism through which service companies comprehend their current in addition to potential customers. As service organizations mull over the global marketplace, there is rising demand for managers to understand customer behaviour in numerous countries. This dissertation aims to discuss the significance of market research information in emerging a market orientation and its impact on global service companies. Extensive literature is reviewed and talked about pertaining to the interrelationships among market research, market orientation and client relationship management (CRM)-related matters. The dissertation goes on discuss analytical approaches…. [read more]

Computer Games Research Term Paper

… This development among others means that public safety has declined precipitously and that no one has complete immunity from the possibility of physical victimization by violent acts.

However, not all researchers have found a positive relationship between video game playing and violence. For example, Goldstein states that studies do not necessarily demonstrate the actual effects. "Some social psychologists argue that playing violent video games causes aggressive behavior, among other things (desensitization to violence, disinhibition of violence, belief in a 'scary world,' acquisition of cognitive schemas supportive of aggression). Three types of evidence are said to converge in support of this conclusion: correlational studies, field studies (which are typically correlational in nature), and laboratory experiments." Correlational research, he adds, can relate nothing about whether violent video…. [read more]

Childcare and Productivity Term Paper

… Business

Using Gelso (2006), Harlow (2009), Stam, (2007, 2010), Wacker (1999), and five additional peer-reviewed articles from your specialization, discuss scholarly views on the nature and types of theory. Compare and contrast at least three views of what constitutes a theory, including the view you will use in Part 3 of this question. Be sure to distinguish theory from related concepts, such as hypothesis, paradigm, model and concept.

Using Ellis & Levy (2008), Harlow, E. (2009), and five additional peer-reviewed articles, review the scholarly literature on the relationship between theory and research and the ways research (quantitative and qualitative) can contribute to the theory. Discuss at least three ways research can contribute to theory.

Pick a theory (in one of the views of what constitutes…. [read more]

Stigma in Sexual Education for Homosexuals Term Paper

… Homosexual Stigma and Sex Education

Social stigma is a powerful influence on human behavior. Negative stigmatization plays a significant role in the decision to participate in programs whose nature reveals personal information capable of exposing the individual to negative stereotypes and prejudices associated with specific information. Many homosexuals and others with sexual preferences or gender identities that conflict with mainstream society experience great difficulty coming to terms with their orientation and often delay any acknowledgment in that regard long into adulthood to avoid the negative social consequences associated with openly admitting to homosexuality or non-traditional gender identity. As a result, it is not feasible to introduce sex education for homosexuals, especially during adolescence and early adulthood when the need to fit in and avoid social…. [read more]

Economists it Is Practically Impossible to Distinguish Term Paper

… Economists

It is practically impossible to distinguish whether Augustin Cournot or Maynard Keynes are more correct in their view of determining the direction within causal-result relationship of economic theories and players within economy. Economists typically study the past performance of the society and the economy and base their economic theories and thus try to predict the future performance of the society based on these economic theories only with empirical evidence from the past. Otherwise, the theory would not have any significance and would not be proved. Many of the theories are derived based on natural behaviour of the people who make their economic actions without purely distinguishing them and fully realizing their reasoning, meaning and all the effects.

Many actions are typical behaviour of the…. [read more]

Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest by Ken Thesis

… ¶ … flew over the cuckoo's nest" by Ken Kesey

The novel "One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest" was written by Ken Kesey, and published in 1962. Set in the 1950s in an Oregon mental institution, Kesey's novel received immediate critical and commercial success. In referring to the plot, a review in Time magazine read, "a roar of protest against middlebrow society's rules and the invisible rulers who enforce them" (Ferrell 76). A critic writing for the New York Times Book Review wrote, "What Mr. Kesey has done is to transform the plight of a ward of inmates in a mental institution into a glittering parable of good and evil." (Ibid) Over the next decade following its publication, a million copies of "One Flew over…. [read more]

Personal Financial Management Term Paper

… Financial Planning

Charting the Course: Planning for Life after College

It has frequently been said that the end of college is not an end at all, but is rather the beginning of life's journey. Because life is a journey rather than a race, it is important to make some plans ahead of time so the path is known and the destination understood to the extent possible in advance. When most people set out on a journey to destinations unknown, they usually secure a map ahead of time to avoid getting lost. Likewise, a map of an individual's life journey can help a person stay on course and avoid the pitfalls that await the unwary along life's roads; however, in some cases, there is no real…. [read more]

Reality TV Reinforce Negative Role Models? Media Term Paper

… ¶ … Reality TV reinforce negative role models?

Media effects the attitudes of society in many ways. It not only reflects norms, but also helps to shape these attitudes as well. Modeling is one of the most common means of learning social behaviors in humans. Children model those around to them to learn what is appropriate and what is not. This social learning does not stop when the child becomes an adult, but rather continues throughout their life. People look up to actors as role mode. As such, actors and popular personalities have a profound effect on shaping society.

Reality TV is one of the most popular genres in the mass media today. The viewership of these programs increases at an astonishing rate. Reality TV…. [read more]

Ecofeminism: In Search of Universal Remedies Thesis

… Ecofeminism: In Search of Universal Remedies for Women & Nature

"Women just see that there can be no liberation for them and no solution to the ecological crisis within a society whose fundamental model of relationship continues to be one of domination. [Women] must unite the demands of [their] movement with those of the ecological movement to envision a radical reshaping of the basic socio-economic relations and the underlying values of this society…"

(Mellor, 1997, p. 297).

Ecofeminism cannot be seen as a single theory or strategy espoused by any specific organization or movement. Ecofeminism can in fact be viewed as a choir with many voices contributing a diversity of pitch, range, sharps and flats and indeed harmony in some cases as well. This paper…. [read more]

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