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Health Care Professionals Healthcare Essay

… Public health professionals have various roles within the health care systems: They should be in a position to understand and apply new advances in science. This will help them in their attempt to make their work successful as well as dealing with the daily emerging health challenges. They as well need to apply new approaches to research, these approaches may involve researchers, practitioners plus the community to make a joint efforts in improving health and in understanding global health issues that tend to transcend national boundaries increasingly, (Gebbie, K.,, 2003). Public health professionals should be proficient in terms of communication for them to effectively interact with multiple audiences in understanding and incorporating their needs as well as perspectives of culturally diverse communities within the…. [read more]

Healthcare Issues, Systems, and Policies Essay

… By inundating members of both houses of Congress with lobbyists, that sector (just like the investment and banking sectors) employs approximately six lobbyists per legislator (Kennedy, 2006).

The relationships and tacit mutual understandings that are generated through this political lobbying process routinely produce legislation that is economically beneficial to the industries represented by lobbyists and (in effect) also stifles any legislative changes that would limit or threaten the profitability of the healthcare and health insurance industry. In addition to the direct effect of premium increases on healthcare costs, the complete dominance of private healthcare by the health insurance companies (and certain inefficiencies in Medicare and Medicaid) contributes indirectly (but substantially) to the cost of healthcare by encouraging providers to increase their fees for services, since…. [read more]

Healthcare System Essay

… The average life expectancy in Norway is high (Burger et al. 2012). This is a significant factor in increasing pressure on the healthcare system of Norway. The old age citizens require healthcare facilities more frequently than the young aged public. The intensity and severity of the old age healthcare requirements play an important role in exerting pressure on the system. The policies of healthcare provision are also observed as facilitating at the first place in case a patient is qualified for benefits. The policy enables the patient to gain healthcare treatment on the basis of severity of the diseases (Haveman et al. 2011).

Increased Diseases:

There are multiple causes for increased healthcare diseases. The increase is due to declining nutrition in food, environmental, and socio-economic…. [read more]

Health Insurance Costs Name the Four Acts Term Paper

… Health Insurance Costs

Name the four acts controlling hospital costs through regulations, describe one in full detail. Discuss the evolution of health insurance as a third party payment system and discuss the role of government in health care funding.

Name the four acts controlling hospital costs through regulations, describe one in full detail.

The 1974 Health Planning and Resources Development Act

This Act created a national network of local health systems agencies, state health planning and development agencies, and state health coordinating councils. It shifted federal control of health resources to local agencies in a radical fashion, in an effort to contain healthcare costs. The National Council for Health Policy was created to aid in health planning on a federal level and a new provision…. [read more]

Healthcare International Health Care Funding Research Paper

… Both the organizations can be considered to be efficient as well as equitable, in building and sustaining long-term relationships and solutions to issues related to social injustice (Pfeiffer, 2003). By paying close attention to the underlying social justice and economic inequities, health care disparities can also be addressed, which is why engaging with advocates in public policy is important to the Commonwealth Fund and the Global Fund.

Both the Commonwealth Fund and the Global Fund involve the utilization of political, economic, and social justice resources, which usually entails the inclusion of public policy concerns. To utilize and access the funds raised by these two organizations often requires an understanding of local policies and agreements, as well as the private sector organizations serving as gatekeepers. Unfortunately,…. [read more]

Health Program Bronx Racial Disparities Term Paper

… Belief is often one of the most powerful determinants of how an individual will respond to emergent health concerns. This correlates not just to how individuals pursue individual health concerns but, further, extends to how individuals interact with the broader health system. The belief amongst minorities that options do not exist for healthcare access or coverage may prevent interaction with the system at critical levels.

To this end, the Calman text refers to the nature of an outreach and education program that begins with a call for universal health insurance coverage. To an extent, health behavior relating to the seeking of health insurance coverage is often impacted by a belief that no access exists for those of limited means. Calman notes that "there must be…. [read more]

Health Care United States' National Healthcare Expenditures Term Paper

… Health Care

United States' national healthcare expenditures cover for the following services: dental services (provided in offices of dentists and clinics of dentists and operated by a doctor of dental medicine, a doctor of dental surgery, or a doctor of dental science), durable medical equipment (covers retail sales of items like: contact lenses, eyeglasses, other ophthalmic products, surgical and orthopedic products, hearing aids, wheelchairs, medical equipment rentals), home health care (covers medical home health care provided by public and private non-facility-based home health agencies, sales or rentals of medical equipment billed through these agencies), hospital care (covers all types of services provided by public and private hospitals, including: room and board, ancillary charges, resident physicians services, inpatient pharmacy, hospital-based nursing home and home health care),…. [read more]

Health Policy Analysis: Nursing and Medicaid Term Paper


Medicaid Policy Analysis

The Plight of the Poor and Medicaid Policy Framework

Visible and Vocal Advocate

Inherent Inequality in American Democracy

Eligibility, Physician Behavior and Low-Income Population Access to Care

Questions Addressed in this Study

Analysis & Evaluation


The objective of the following work in writing is to examine Medicaid policy and to answer questions including those of: (1) What necessitated or facilitated the creation of the policy? (2) What was the policy attempting to accomplish? (3) Who had input into the development of the policy? (4) Was public comment solicited prior to the finalization of the policy? (5) for Whom Does the Policy Advocate? (6) What Purpose Does the Policy Serve in…. [read more]

Health Care Accounting Essay

… They must also maintain an ethical standard that is professionally and socially acceptable.

A second component is objectivity, which requires professionals to be objective while avoiding conflicts of interest. In other words, where accountants have a vested interest in a certain company, they should not perform financial services for such a company. Dishonest practices should be avoided at all costs, even in cases where conflict of interest is unavoidable.

The third principle, confidentiality, refers to the privacy of information such as contact information for employees and business associates. Accounting ethics require that this information be kept confidential, unless a court of law orders its release. Professionals should avoid disclosing such information for an unethical or illegal advantage.

The article by Hsiao et al. (2011) focuses…. [read more]

Health Care Financing Term Paper

… Health Care Financing ISSUE ANALYSIS

In the past decade, the increasing financial crisis faced by the medical profession has emerged as a significant concern among medical professionals, student residents, patients, and health care researchers. In recent years hospitals have faced doctor shortages, the result of the combination of a lack of medical residency funding and the poor financial state of Medicare, which is the primary health care provider of seniors, as well as the primary agency that controls the supply of doctors. Congress controls the supply of physicians by how much federal funding it provides for medical residencies. To become a physician, students spend four years in medical school, and graduates then spend three to seven years training as residents, usually treating patients under supervision…. [read more]

Health Program Assessment: Inequality Essay

… Why do you think those barriers exist?

Most research on the subject demonstrates that Philadelphia's public health issues are inextricable from its general rate of inequality. The demographics most impacted by the city's pressing public health issues are those who are equally impacted by prevailing economic challenges. As the text by Melwert indicates, while housing and schooling issues are found on the surface, these problems are rooted in a more entrenched economic hierarchy. According to his article, "higher-than-average rates of smoking, inactivity and obesity don't help. But, it's the socio-economic indicators -- like high drop-out rate, violent crime, and childhood poverty -- that really weigh it down." (Melwert, p. 1) This denotes that in spite of the behavioral challenges that our program will address, many…. [read more]

New Healthcare Challenges for a Divers and Growing Elderly Population Term Paper

… There were an estimated 3.3 million African-Americans over 65 in 2010, according to the Administration on Aging (AoA). By 2050, it is expected that the elderly population of African-Americans will account for about 11% of the 65-and-older population in the United States (AoA).

And although African-Americans are living longer, the majority of those over 65 years of age have had "at least one chronic health condition and many have multiple conditions" (AoA). The AoA provides a breakdown into the most frequent chronic conditions that afflicted older black people between the years 2005 and 2007.

Topping the list is hypertension, with 84% of elderly African-Americans reporting this medical problem. The following medical ailments are listed with percentages of black elderly people in parentheses: a) diagnosed arthritis…. [read more]

Healthcare Spending the United States Essay

… The Medicare and Medicaid programs are also reformed and designing Insurance-like setups that would help people getting direct access; thus, cutting down the expenses on healthcare programs.

Moreover, insurers and healthcare providers are directly dealing with each other and making new payment models thus sharing the risk of healthcare coverage. This has also increased the level of employers' interest in workers' healthcare. These shifts are improving the healthcare system but the economic downturn has increased. However, these changes will make significant improvements in healthcare till 2014. (Matthews, 2011)


Currently, the condition of U.S. Health Care System is worse than any other industrial countries. Expenditures are high and health outcomes are quite poor. But since the Healthcare Reform Law 2010, the future of healthcare in…. [read more]

UK Healthcare Term Paper

… According to Enthoven, the focus was directed towards enabling private practice to develop and forcing more elderly people to independent private nursing homes, where they had to pay from own resources until their money ran out. Within this approach, the goals of the government as addressed by Enthoven were:

To improve its ability to control the NHS financially by separating 'health' from 'social' care and to continue offering 'free' if services were provided by the NHS staff based on 'means tested' access.

To increase the efficiency of the NHS by improving both productive efficiency and allocative efficiency.

According to Le Grand et al., (1998), the basis of the development of the 'internal market' involved the introduction of competition via the establishment of more and smaller…. [read more]

Public Policy for Reproductive Health Essay

… The National Council of Women's Societies, besides lobbying for abortion law reform, promotes free maternal health care services. Safe abortion is publicly promoted by The Campaign against Unwanted Pregnancy and Ipas.

Other improvements noted by Shiffman and Okonofua include pronouncement of clear commitments from the Federal Ministry of Health in studies and documents concerning a national reproductive health policy. These efforts involved coordinated participation by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). The first budget committed to projects funding safe motherhood was obtained by the FMOH 2004. The government adopted WHO Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) toward reducing maternal mortality and improving child health in 2005.

However, in their 2006 study, Shiffman and Okonofua state that there was no top…. [read more]

Policy Analysis in Health Care Literature Review

… Policy Analysis

Issues in Healthcare Policy Analysis: Current Standings, Theoretical Implications, and Impacts on Care: A Literature Review

An issue of increasing public attention and governmental concern for all nations in the modern era is healthcare policy -- how healthcare should be distributed, regulated, and paid for, to be specific. While the central issues of healthcare policy can be stated quite simply, though, actually contending with these issues and creating effective healthcare policy that properly cares for the needs of a given nation's citizens is a far more complex and difficult task. The many different considerations of finances, health outcomes, and ethical principles along with the ever-present problem of how to provide the best balance of services using limited resources make for heated debates and…. [read more]

Healthcare Leadership and Prejudices Article


Healthcare Leadership Prejudices

Healthcare leadership has become a more and more important topic over the recent years and decades, and for a number of major reasons. There are unfortunately a number of prejudices that exist even in the upper echelons of leadership of healthcare organizations and not all of them are as simple or as obvious as one may think. This report will explore a number of these present prejudices along with an explanation of how the answers to the concerns are not nearly as black and white as some may think. The sections that will be covered in this report will include the problem at hand, the method used to review the problem, the solution to the problem, and some…. [read more]

Health Policy Economics Class Essay

… The National Association of Community Health Centers argues that over 18 billion dollars are wasted each year for visits to emergency rooms that are avoidable as a result of being treatable in non-urgent or primary care settings. This figure is calculated on the assumption that 35% of all visits to emergency rooms are avoidable, by far a conservative estimate. Furthermore, overutilization of emergency rooms drives health care costs high and also decreases the quality of care significantly. As the overcrowding of emergency rooms causes increase in health care costs for the providers, many are switching off their emergency departments since they are becoming too expensive to run. Moreover, as waiting times in emergency rooms are increasing, the patient perceptions of emergency room health care quality…. [read more]

Public Healthcare Legislation the Public Option Thesis

… Public Healthcare Legislation

The Public Option and the Obama Healthcare Package

America's healthcare industry shows us one of the most revealing contradictions in the country's economy. Even though America claims itself to be the world's most advanced superpower, it is still unable to provide its entire population with healthcare and even worse, the quality of its healthcare overall is declining in many ways that will be discussed here. Though many democratic nations provide all of their citizens with healthcare access, the United States instead tries to concentrate the control of medicine into the hands of big businesses like the insurance industry or the pharmaceutical companies. The result is that the United States has a healthcare industry with a reputation that is getting worse, with large…. [read more]

Funding Stem Cell Research Embryonic Term Paper

… Funding Stem Cell Research

Embryonic stem cell research is a very promising field of research when it comes to possibly finding a cure for more than 70 diseases once deemed incurable (Honolulu Advertiser, 2004). From spinal cord injuries, to Parkinson's, to certain types of cancers, to multiple sclerosis, stem cell research has the potential to emerge as a revolutionary way to combat these diseases. The key behind embryonic stem cells is its ability to develop into just about any type of tissue. Adult stem cells can only renew themselves into the type of tissue from which it originates, making adult stem cells much less effective than embryonic ones.

There are many legal and ethical questions that surround stem cell research. Whether or not it should…. [read more]

Healthcare Policy Reform Literature Review

… Healthcare Reform

Review of Literature: Healthcare Reform Debate

Review of Literature; Health Care Reform Debate

The debate regarding the reformation of health care in the U.S. has been heated for decades, with real change plans being proposed by several sitting presidential administrations beginning near the close of WWII. All of these administrations' proposals were the source of near endless debate and ranged in nature from full universal state sponsored health coverage to massive overhauls of the current fee for service private pay option, usually including a sizable public funding option. (Helms, 2006, pp. 5-6) According to Helms and many other experts on the subject of health care reform this dichotomy is the basic outline of the debate regarding health care reform, as some believe that…. [read more]

Health Promotion Research Paper

… Health Promotion

At the interface between nursing practice and public health is the concept of health promotion. Health promotion is defined in the literature as "the process of enabling people to exert control over the determinants of health and thereby improve their health," (Health Promotion Agency 2009). That process includes a practical, hands-on dimension in which healthcare workers and policy makers actively raise awareness and facilitate health via information dissemination and accessible health care services. O'Donnell (2009) defines health promotion as "the science and art of helping people change their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health." Thus, health promotion addresses both curative and preventative issues. The World Health Organization suggests in its constitution that health promotion has an ethical component: " the…. [read more]

Health Maintenance Organization Impact on the Minorities Thesis


The focus of this research study is the health maintenance organization impact on the minorities' community and specifically the communities of Hispanics, African-American and Latinos in the locations of New York City, New Jersey, Connecticut and Chicago. In recent years it has become increasingly clear that the U.S. .healthcare system is failing in making the same quality of care provision for ethnic minority populations as are made for the majority white population and the racial and ethnic disparities in accessing quality healthcare have been documented in research studies. It is reported that African-Americans experience the highest rates of mortality from heart disease, cancer, cerebrovascular disease and HIV / AIDS than any other U.S.…. [read more]

Health: Canadian Health Care Term Paper

… Health: Canadian Health Care

THE CANADIAN HEALTH CARE SYSTEM Canadian Health Care Philosophy:

Canada maintains a national health care system founded on the principle of providing necessary medical and other health care services to its citizens based on need and without regard to their ability to pay for services. The expressed goal of the Canadian government is for Canada to be one of the countries whose citizens are among the healthiest worldwide. According to the Canadian Royal Commission on Health Services Report (1965):

The principle which has dominated our thinking is that money spent on essential health care is money well spent, an investment in human resources that will pay handsome dividends not only in terms of economics but in human well-being."

Central to achieving…. [read more]

Public Hospitals Are Facing Imperative Term Paper

… The politics of Public Hospitals

In a complex and fast changing market economy. Public sector hospitals should work together and resolve their vested interests in order to provide most excellent services to the ever-increasing public. More over at the state level it has been found that politics persists that hinders development and progress (Daniel, 2002). Therefore, to adequately remove all these barriers the utmost policy would be one that is unbiased and equal for all the communities. As pointed out by Paul Offner in his article "Politics and the public hospital in our capital." He asserts "Until this nation adopts a policy of universal coverage, state and local officials will have to take the lead in this area. In some places the preferred option may…. [read more]

Health Insurance Costs Term Paper

… As of October 1998, 59,000 people in the United States were on the national waiting list for a life-saving organ transplant. Every day, about 55 people receive such a transplant and with it, a second chance for life. (About 80% of those who receive a donated kidney, for example, are still alive five years later.) Thousands more people, however, die each year waiting, helplessly, for a donor. And every 18 minutes, another name is added to the waiting list (

The question of how to balance the real fiscal concerns of organ donation with the responsibilities of managed care (either within the context of a private health maintenance organization or within a managed public program such as Medicaid) requires a well thought-out management philosophy, one…. [read more]

Healthcare System in the Netherlands Term Paper

… Healthcare System in the Netherlands

The Netherlands has a unique concept of 'family physician' known as 'Huisarts' who the primary Doctor responsible for coordinating physical and mental care of patients in his neighborhood. January 2006 saw the launching of a new healthcare system which requires citizens to avail a basic health insurance package. It covers medical treatment alongwith services delivered by General Practitioners, hospitals, specialists, indoor admission, dental care and different medical appliances. The healthcare system in the country comprises of three divisions for health insurance, managed by three different establishments. They are the national health insurance for special medical expenditures; mandatory sickness funds meant for people having low incomes less than a specific stage and private, primarily voluntary health insurance; and finally the voluntary…. [read more]

Experienced a Significant Increase Essay

… Another difference between private insurance and government insurance is that the cost of insurance keeps mounting making insurance even more intimidating for those who can barely afford it. Third party payers (such as Medicare and Medicaid) do little to hold down the costs, and new technology and prescription drugs as well as labor costs just increase it.

Private insurance too focuses more readily on prevention than doe's public insurance (such as Medicaid) which focuses on sickness and therefore has less of a salutary effect.

4. Analyze the evolution of the promotion of health and disease prevention in the U.S. And identify the point at which a clear shift in the thinking in the dominant culture occurred resulting in the greatest impact on the health care…. [read more]

Health Care Services for the Homeless Research Paper

… Health Care Services for the Homeless

An Analysis of Health Care for the Homeless, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Today, one of the most significant problems facing underserved populations is an inability to obtain health care services in the marketplace. In fact, there is a strong relationship between homelessness and health; homeless people typically experience higher rates of physical illnesses than the general public, and in cases where access is severely limited, people will tend to use fewer health services and will typically experience worse health outcomes (Helvie & Kunstmann, 1999). Furthermore, the constraints to access of medically underserved and vulnerable populations is reflected in their higher mortality rates and increased rates of cancer, heart disease, strokes, and dental disease (Barrett, Epstein, Gaston & Johnson, 1998). Community health…. [read more]

Healthcare Reform the Under-Medicated Society: A Proposal Essay

… Healthcare Reform

The under-medicated society: A proposal to facilitate new drug approval in Great Britain's National Health Service (NHS)

The National Health Service (NHS) of Great Britain is considered one of the premier models of state-provided healthcare in the world. 82% of the NHS is funded through taxation, while only 13% of its funding comes from employer-employee contributions and a meager 4% from direct user fees. "Unlike France, Britain's health care system is entirely separate from employment, and there is no distinction between its social insurance aspects (covering those who contribute) and its public assistance aspects (covering those who need it). The system simply takes care of everyone on British soil' (Klein 2009). However, there is also an allowance in Great Britain for those who…. [read more]

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