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Health Care Systems Essay

… As a result, the U.S. system is hybrid of the private and governmental models integrated into one. ("A Distinctive System of Health Care Delivery," 2010)


Clearly, the U.S. health care system is influenced by the beliefs and values of different stakeholders. This can be seen with the basic approach that is used in delivering these solutions to the general public. What is happening is there is an emphasis on using a combination of models to address the concerns and needs of various individuals.

As a result, the system has become a mixture of programs that are designed to cover specific areas. In some cases, this could involve having someone utilizing services that are provided by: private insurance companies and those from governmental entities. While…. [read more]

Public Health and Safety Effectiveness Research Paper

… Those EMS providers with access to better training and/or access to the appropriate equipment increases provider comfort in their response to WMD incidents (ibid., 300-302).

A pessimistic assessment is also shared in a 2008 study in the journal of Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness. In this study, by the request of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham performed a series of tenfocus group studies (total participants number of participants, 77) with ED nurses and physicians at hospitals in 3 U.S. regions. The participants considered that the topic of a hypothetical "dirty bomb" scenario. They discussed their perceptions, concerns and views of the current available guidance and informational materials (Becker & Middleton, 2008, 175-176).

The participants…. [read more]

Public Health Service: A Renewed Research Paper

… S. Constitution thereby making it mandatory for individuals to purchase health insurance. The Individual Mandate provision of the PPACA (P.L. 111-148, PPACA) requires all Americans must purchase healthcare insurance policy from 2014 or face a federal penalty. The U.S. Supreme Court stroked down the individual mandate provisions stating that they violated the Commerce Clause. The court held that the Individual Mandate under the current provisions is unconstitutional. Another blow to the ACA provisions was that the Supreme Court stroked down the requirement for states to participate in Medicaid expansion or their Medicaid funds will be withheld by the Federal government. The Court held that the provision is an overreach by the Federal government. The Court held that the participation in the Medicaid expansion shall be…. [read more]

Implementation of the Affordable Health Care Act in State of Kansas Term Paper

… Affordable Healthcare Act in State of Kansas

Access of care and to drop the cost

Expansion of health insurance coverage in state of Kansas

Establishing the health insurance marketplace

Increasing access to Medicaid

Providing new coverage options for young adults

Covering preventative services

Unreasonable premium increases

New Care Act support preventing illness

Promoting health

The Grants that Kansas received

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 faced opposition by the members of forty five state legislators. The constitutional amendments were also proposed by the members. The states even after opposing the reforms sought grants and some of them returned the grants. Kansas was among the states that returned a grant of $31 million given under the Early Innovator Program. The American healthcare system…. [read more]

Healthcare Management (Discussion Questions) Essay

… While a human medical practice will procure human-related equipment, a veterinary practice will acquire veterinary kennel equipment. Costs incurred in the veterinary practice are related to insurance and the recurring expenditures like wages and salaries, stationery costs, and rent.

In conclusion, developing and maintain a health practice entails numerous costs or expenses, depending on the size and services offered. However, certain expenses such as license fees and insurance fees are present in both human practices and veterinary practices only with varying amounts.

Student Two

An individual seeking to develop and maintain a health practice incurs numerous costs. These costs can be classified into two main classes: start-up expenses and recurring costs. Start-up expenses include expenses paid for renting an office. One must always find an…. [read more]

Healthcare Spending and GDP Essay

… It can also be attributed to the fact that many people have lost their jobs and the fact that the economy is poor.

Rise in healthcare spending can also be attributed to the use of improved technology, vaccine improvement, antibiotics, introduction of disease care as well as advances in surgery. There have also been improved medical devices like CT scanners, MRI, ultrasounds and defibrillators that can be implanted. At the same time there are developments in pharmaceuticals and administration costs have also contributed to the rise in costs of healthcare. Mostly the heath care costs are due to medical technology which is approximately over 200 billion per year (Wayne, 2012).

The Americans lifestyles also impact the health care industry in significant measures, almost sixty percent…. [read more]

Health Care Reform Life Thesis

… Health Care Reform


An online survey conducted this month said that half of all U.S. adults want a major reform in the healthcare system in the next two years (Business Wire, 2010). The Harris Interactive Health Day poll surveyed 2,075 adults 18 years old and older from February 3 to 5 in time with the election of Scott Brown into the Massachusetts Senate. A large 50-27% of the respondents considered healthcare reform just as important as reducing unemployment and creating new jobs. They felt it would be bad if the reform was not instituted in the next two years. However, they did not indicate favoring the health reform proposed by President Obama and the Democrats. The public appeared split between…. [read more]

Health Care Law Privacy and Confidentiality Research Paper

… Health Care Law, Privacy and Confidentiality

Imagine studying the Health Information Portability Accountability Act (HIPAA) from the perspective of a consumer. How are various agencies accountable to this law? What are the rights of the individual? Are businesses obligated to it? One will discuss the various avenues in which health care privacy needs addressed through the benefits and setbacks of it.

A variety of businesses are required to obey HIPAA. These include "health plans, most healthcare providers and healthcare clearinghouses" (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011). The insurance plans are those that are set forth by places, such as Coventry or Blue Cross and Blue Shield (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011). Some of them are covered by the government, which…. [read more]

High Insurance Portability Health Term Paper

… While the HIPAA rule states that the patient's health information must not be used and disclosed without consent, it does not enable individuals to prohibit transmission of their PHI for such purposes. In addition, some have noted that the Privacy Rule allows parties who obtain authorizations for release of information from patients to obtain limitless amounts of data rather than restricting the contents of disclosures to information that is actually needed by such parties because it is business-related. Thus if an employer requires applicants to sign authorizations for release of all their medical records, the employer can gain access to intimate details about candidates that will have no impact on job performance (Buckovich, 2000)

Impact of HIPPA on Healthcare

The proposed regulations recognize that not…. [read more]

Working With a Diverse Population Term Paper

… By restoring the mind, one restores the body -- and vice versa.

Also, in the clinic, I have performed emergency life-saving procedures in cases such as cardiac arrest, respiratory arrest, massive hemorrhage, or similar emergencies, as necessary -- drawing upon my willingness to work independently as well as part of a team in the field of medicine. But communication, whether with patients regarding their at-home treatments or the staff one works with, is always key.

I have come to realize that technically, health care is changing all the time. In my previous work for Ameriscan, to take just one example, I was able to become fluent in the necessary expertise to operate state-of-the-art equipment that is presently available in only seven facilities in the United…. [read more]

Public Policy for Reproductive Health Essay

… The National Council of Women's Societies, besides lobbying for abortion law reform, promotes free maternal health care services. Safe abortion is publicly promoted by The Campaign against Unwanted Pregnancy and Ipas.

Other improvements noted by Shiffman and Okonofua include pronouncement of clear commitments from the Federal Ministry of Health in studies and documents concerning a national reproductive health policy. These efforts involved coordinated participation by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). The first budget committed to projects funding safe motherhood was obtained by the FMOH 2004. The government adopted WHO Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) toward reducing maternal mortality and improving child health in 2005.

However, in their 2006 study, Shiffman and Okonofua state that there was no top…. [read more]

Case Management Managed Care Research Paper

… Healthcare

The Impacts of Case Management and Managed Care on Health Care Cost Reduction

The United States has the priciest health care system in the world, with per capita health expenditures far above those of any other country. For a lot of years, U.S. health care expenditures have been rising faster than the overall rate of inflation in the economy. A few experts have disputed that high and rising costs are not such a grave problem. "Most observers disagree with this view, pointing to the negative impact of employee health care costs on employers, the government budgetary problems caused by rising health care expenditures, and an association between high health care costs and reduced access for individuals needing health services" (Bodenheimer, 2005).

Managing health care…. [read more]

False Claims Act Term Paper

… The provisions of the Privacy Rule apply to all forms of health information including, but not limited to, electronic, written, or oral information.

HIPAA privacy law

The Health Privacy Act of 1974 was enacted to prohibit the disclosure of a patient's medical records without the express written consent of the individual to whom the records pertain. Under the terms of the act there are twelve disclosure exceptions all of which are set forth in the context of the statute.

Most patients can be ensured that all their health information is protected as the covered entities under the federal statute include all health insurance companies, HMOs, and government programs including Medicare and Medicaid. The Rule also applies to all health care providers and health care clearinghouses…. [read more]

Health Advocacy Campaign - Childhood Research Paper

… It seems that people in the community grew weary of planning and not doing. The actual coalition-building effort required substantial energy and time, and a larger commitment than all of the 15 coalition members were willing to provide. The coalition now agrees that planning processes should be maintained at the advisory level and that community volunteers should only be recruited once projects are ready to be implemented.

A side-by-side comparison of these two approaches to addressing the problem of childhood obesity is not practical. However, certain elements are salient in both initiatives. The White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity did, in fact, conduct planning quite separately from implementation. This was an important learning in the efforts to establish the Rev It Up! program. The…. [read more]

State Children's Health Insurance Plan Term Paper

… ¶ … Children's Health Insurance Plans

Regardless of one's political affiliation, it is hard to deny the fact that America is currently experiencing a tremendous healthcare crisis. Many Americans simply cannot afford private health insurance even when they have access to reduced-cost benefits through employers, and a growing number of employers are choosing not to offer health insurance benefits, at all, because of the exorbitant costs. For those who can obtain insurance through their employers, the costs can be prohibitive and the insurance provided may not provide significant everyday healthcare savings, even if it can make a dramatic difference in cases of serious illness or medical emergencies. This health crisis impacts the working lower class and the true middle class disproportionately because they oftentimes make…. [read more]

Future of Managed Care Medical Research Paper

… The agreements either for test fee, trail fee or donation must be set with a patient centered philosophy in mind (Model Agreements, 2013).

Cost of Health Care

A patient should not expect the hospital to simply charge him for the medicine and tests he avails for his disease. It should be noted that there are multiple cost factors working in a hospital simultaneously. The training and education of doctors, surgeons and nurses is a big expense on individuals and the hospitals. Thus, the fee charged to the patient is based on the hospital's expense on hiring medical talent, staff, technology, equipment, building and running and operating medical facility (Epstein and Street, 2011). It would be unfair to demand medical care from a facility excluding all…. [read more]

Varying Differences of Universal Health Care Capstone Project

… ¶ … Universal Health Care

This project explores several published articles that report on results from research conducted on Online (Internet) and Offline (non-internet) on the benefits of Americans receiving/participating in Universal Health Care (UHC). The articles, however, vary in their definition in implementing UHC. The Democratic government suggests that UHC is more effective than Private Insurance Carriers (PIC), and advocate the use of supplementary coverage for the millions of previously and otherwise rejected un-insurable Americans. Other articles define UHC differently and therefore, offer different results?

This project examines UHC research in relation to several other research articles to suggest that all areas of UHC should be studied in order to fully understand how UHC will influence (impact) and better the lives of all Americans,…. [read more]

Foucault's Birth of the Clinic Term Paper

… In The Birth of the Clinic, we see the discipline of medicine grow and change into a science, and within this backdrop we see medicine tied together with sciences such as anatomy, physiology, chemistry, and biology. Taking its place with the institutions in society brings medicine into a place that associates it with other political and social institutions. (Customer review 2002-08-01)

It is through this theories and understanding of Foucault that modern knowledge in the field of medicine is co- related with the modern social and political composition of our society. It is widely noted that this work of Foucault has influenced in one way or the other, modern practices on different fields of studies in modern times.

Health Information As Influenced by Birth of…. [read more]

Social Responsibilty Strategy for Community Research Paper

… For outside governments, it should make good connections with the community by producing actions to support or help society for instance giving money into communication methods or refining society in order for people to have a much more comfortable life.

Corporate Compliance Program

Alexandria Hospital plans on developing and then implementing a Corporate Compliance in the near future. These compliance efforts will be designed to enable the detection, prevention, and resolve of instances of conduct that are previously not conforming to state and federal law and federal, state, and private payer healthcare necessities, in addition to the Hospital's business and ethical policies (Rohini & Mahadevappa, 2010). The components of the Alexandria Hospital compliance program will comprise of things such as development of policies, oversight, and…. [read more]

Financial Planning in Health Care Case Study

… Further, these organizations must also consider healthcare inflation and the possibility of Medicare managed care.

Due to the fact that this is a long list of requirements for healthcare organizations, they must thus employ strategies to cope with all these things and all these changes. This is where financial planning is vital for them. Healthcare organizations need planning for any scenario in order to address the major uncertainties that are popping up everywhere. These uncertainties can be anything from governmental reform changes to competitor expansion or changing attitudes of the healthcare consumer. Financial planning can help one plan for all of these uncertainties.

Two methods of planning are scenario analysis and scenario planning, and they differ from traditional methods of planning in health care organizations.…. [read more]

Falls the Issue of Accidental Essay

… (2007) note that the financial implications for the hospitals themselves in terms of additional costs and addition bed-days per involved patient adds up to a significant amount, with the National Health Service of Great Britain having to settle claims on the order of GBP 7.7 million, the equivalent of $12.2 million (p177). Over half of these costs were attributed to hip and pelvic fractures alone, suggesting that, in the population surveyed in Great Britain, a pattern can begin to emerge, related to the overhwhelming incidence of such accidental falls involving elderly patients. These statistics are borne out by reporting on the subject by the CDC in America. The CDC reports that, in 2009, there were 2.2 million emergency room visits required by older adults in…. [read more]

Federal Governments Healthcare Programs Term Paper

… Federal Government Healthcare Programs

The year 2005 is the 40th anniversary of Medicare and Medicaid, two of the most well-known federal healthcare programs in the United States. Both of the programs were instituted by the Social Security Act, with Medicare administered by Social Security Administration and the federal financing for Medicaid managed by the Social and Rehabilitation Service. Today, after a series of changes in administration, the CMS, the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services, is the agency that oversees the programs ("40th Anniversary for Medicare and Medicaid" 1).

Medicaid is a program that helps low-income individuals and families pay for their medical expenses. The states and Federal government share the costs of this program. There are eligibility requirements for this program and these vary…. [read more]

Public Health- Program Plan Research Proposal

… Public Health- Program Plan

Public Health -- Program Plan

Influenza A H1N1 was first detected in the United States in April 2009. Its first sensationalized case came from Mexico and Canada and it has gotten into the other parts of the world mainly by cross-country travelers.

From these travelers thousands more got sick and hundreds died in a few weeks. The Center for Disease Control advised the public that Influenza A H1N1 is contagious and it is spreading from human to human. Currently, Health Agencies around the world are addressing its prevention and control. However, the fact remains that a new threat to health is existing and steps are necessary to address it.

Influenza A H1N1, although by far the most known type of flu,…. [read more]

Disaster Management the Role Research Paper

… The NRF also serves as a blanket informant for important sub-agencies such as the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO), which sets standards and grants accreditations for healthcare organizations. The JCAHO calls for six critical capabilities in the face of a disaster; Communication, Supplies, Security, Staff, Roles and Responsibilities and Utilities.

The support resources provided by the JCAHO for local and regional organizations are designed to help direct plans of action when disasters occur. Recommendations include plans for medical staffs would to work overtime to help improve treatment outcomes, to help move patients effectively through the system and to promote strategies for weathering post-disaster survival. This should also include extensive availability of psychological resources for grief counseling as well as for treatment…. [read more]

2009 TFAH Report, Ready or Not? Protecting Reaction Paper

… 2009 TFAH report, Ready or Not? Protecting the Public's Health from Diseases, Disasters and Bioterrorism

The issue of funding healthcare initiatives for state residents living in rural areas is certainly important and often overlooked. According to the Rural Assistance Center (RAC), which tracks public healthcare assistance and access for this historically underserved population, slightly less than half of all of the state of Alabama's hospitals are in rural areas and federally qualified health centers also exist to provide services at 151 sites in rural locations. This suggests that proximity to healthcare facilities is less of an issue than it may be in other states (Alabama, 2010, RAC). However, the challenges of poverty still afflict Alabama residents. While the average per-capita income for all Alabama residents…. [read more]

Pre-Existing Condition and Denial Research Paper

… Rockefeller IV and President Obama stated that beginning in 2010 that insurance companies "will be banned from denying insurance coverage to children with pre-existing conditions." (New York Times, 2010)

The New York Times report states "The authors of the law say they meant to ban all forms of discrimination against children with pre-existing conditions like asthma, diabetes, birth defects, orthopedic problems, leukemia, cystic fibrosis and sickle cell disease. The goal, they say, was to provide those youngsters with access to insurance and to a full range of benefits once they are in a health plan." (2010) However, according to the report "To insurance companies, the language of the law is not so clear. Insurers agree that if they provide insurance for a child, they must…. [read more]

Physical Therapy Assistant Job Description Research Paper

… It simply means that this profession has a bright future for everyone who wants to pursue it in the coming times. A physical therapy assistant is a healthcare employee who can have a variety of settings to work in such as hospitals, private physical therapy centers, rehabilitation centers, hospitals, old age houses etc. The job timings may vary and it depends on the person whether he/she wants to work regularly or in evenings or only on weekends ("Physical Therapy Assistant Training," 2013).

Growth Trends in the Field

According to an estimate made by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the number of physical therapy assistant jobs will increase to 45.7% by 2020 ("Top 30 Fastest-growing Jobs by 2020"). This increase would be exceptional if mean average…. [read more]

Employee Health and Life Insurance Term Paper

… The price per $1,000 is nearly all the while less than a dollar and in the region of 10 cents to 25 cents. Sample this: Each entity has been averaged in your business. The age and gender of your staff and the nature of your business has been ranked. The premium is calculated at 20 cents for every $1,000 of a benefit. In case your benefit is a full year's remuneration, personnel who are earning $50,000 will be liable to pay a premium of $10. (Offering Life Insurance to Your Employees)

In every probability, you will receive a bill every month from your insurance authority with a sizeable amount arising out of the premium of every worker. (Increase Benefits without Decreasing Your Funds) Moreover, group…. [read more]

Advanced Practice Roles in Nursing Research Paper

… This was a viable lesson in community health nursing for me as the treatment of choice tends to be limited by a patient's economic condition (Mason, 2013).

Leadership attributes you currently possess, and attributes you may need to develop

I am a team builder; a participative climate is defined by collaborative efforts. As a leader, I tend to guide my team of colleagues to generate outcomes that are because of team accomplishment. In order to achieve this, I can formulate a group of diverse workers even in the midst of conflicting methods and ideas. I seek to form a workforce that progresses and works efficiently through both personal and material challenges.

Attributes I may need to develop

Empowering: I would empower my colleagues within the…. [read more]

Family Nurse Practioner Term Paper

… These agencies impact this role positively if properly followed since their work complete the ethics and rules that inform the procedure.

CRAN's role in the medical field is aided by the fact that there are now many institutions that offer the course. FNPs; gain from the fact that they can access school materials online or on part-time basis. This has the dual effect of giving the nurse both clinical experiences while learning. Accreditation agencies are coming up whose existence is aided with the support of both the state and federal governments. This ensures the nurses offering this expertise role; are qualified and competent persons.

According to a research conducted in 2010; showed that CRNA's who worked independently without supervision were as effective as full fledge…. [read more]

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