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Policy Reform Thesis

… Public Administration: Policy Reform Supporting Charter Schools in the State of Virginia

The objective of this work is to analyze the impact of a reform supporting Charter Schools in the current education policy in the State of Virginia and to examine the politics surrounding this change.

It is reported in the work entitled: "Charter Schools, When Explained, Get Support" that Charter Schools in Virginia "operation under different rules than other states. When asked for an opinion about changing the state constitution to give Virginia charter schools more independence from local school boards on hiring and firing decisions, 37% favor, 44% oppose and the remaining 19% are undecided." (Augusta Free Press, 2009) It is additionally reported that there are those who desire for Charter Schools to…. [read more]

Public Policy Process Term Paper

… This will be followed by numbering the bill and referral to a committee as well as printing by the Government Printing Office. The committee will then place the bill on its calendar for discussions that focus on the content and language of the policy. The next step in this process is scheduling for floor action, which involves reporting the bill back to its chamber of origin. A debate will be carried out on the legislation based on the specific regulations or procedures that govern debate before voting is carried out. This will be followed by referral to other chamber, conference committee action, and final floor action where it is passed and sent to the president for his signature.

Notably, for this health care topic, the…. [read more]

Policy Analysis Critique - Hong Thesis

… One of the reasons that these kinds of diseases (cardiovascular disease being among them) are so difficult to completely avoid is that people often fail to do their part to keep themselves healthy. It is vital that a person focus on what he or she can do to stay healthy - and teach that to his or her children - and exercise is a large part of that.


According to research that has been done in the past, heart disease is the leading cause of death in developed countries like the United States (Janus, 1997; Macfarlane, 1997). What the following graphs shows, though, is that an increase in exercise directly correlates to a decrease in deaths from heart disease. That is just one…. [read more]

Political Agents and Public Policy PhD Model Answer

… Public Policy Making

It has been said that ideas allow political agents to reduce uncertainty, propose a particular solution to a crisis, and empower agents to resolve crises by constructing new institutions in line with these new ideas. While this statement helps to explain big changes in public policy, there are both strengths and limitations to it. In order to have a better understanding of how ideas are formed that can affect public policy, it is necessary to address how that policy changes and what kinds of ideas are generally considered for laws and regulations. Where those ideas come from and what they have to offer matters a great deal, as well as how those ideas will be received by the public…. [read more]

Public Health Care Agency Essay

… " (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012, p.1) Public Health Administration personnel working for the CDC include "public health advisors, analysts, education specialists, and emergency response specialists." (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012, p.1) While this work is too brief to describe the role of each and every employ type for the CDC the following examples have been chosen:

(1) Behavioral scientists with expertise in sociology, demography, psychology, and anthropology conduct research on the transmission, treatment, and prevention of disease. They develop, implement, and evaluate programs, and consult with public health officials in the United States and abroad. Program areas that need behavioral scientists include HIV / AIDS, other sexually transmitted diseases, chronic diseases, and intentional injuries, such as homicide, suicide, and family…. [read more]

Public AIDS Policy Term Paper

… The reference to 'cancer' is ironic, because, although many AIDS sufferers were blamed for contracting the ailment through sexual practices, individuals such as a grandmother who smoked and contracts lung cancer, or a man who has a heart attack after eating unhealthy foods for many years, are often not similarly blamed for their ailments, nor is the contribution of personal behavior in cancer and heart disease seen as a reason that more public funds should not be diverted to curtailing the epidemic.

One of the most controversial allegations of Shilt's book is that one of the leading AIDS researchers, Dr. Gallo did not truly care about researching potential cures or methods of limiting the ailment until he felt he would be rewarded financially and with…. [read more]

Federal Grants in Aid Programs Research Paper

… Federal Grants in Aid Programs

What is the policy problem? Federal grants in an aid programs, the problem is lack of accountability and misuse of funds. Also, who benefits from these programs

The Federal grants in aid programs are part of the many programs that have been established in the U.S. To assist the needy. This has been done as a way of mainstreaming the aid programs and services delivered to people with immediate and long-term influence of power. The field of management found within the Federal grants in aid programs is associated with aid activities offered to self-help groups in a society. The Federal grants in aid programs come in the form of federal grants that are awarded to people or businesses as a…. [read more]

Public Policy Analysis Essay

… It is necessary on a school-by-school basis to create physical education programs that address the unique needs and challenges of student's physical health. For example, in a district where there is a large population of obese students, incorporating more cardiovascular activity may be preferred in gym class, because students do not have the time or money to devote to sports outside of school. In schools where only a few talented students dominate the gym class, less competitive activities like obstacle courses can be incorporated. "The students shouldn't be standing around. PE classes should keep kids active for at least 50% or more of the time they are in class" (Greenlaw 2012). Although healthy competition can be an important way to stimulate students' interest, it should…. [read more]

Court Management Policy Proposal Essay

… In addition, when the courts divert some of the juvenile offenders to VOM program, there is a reduction in the case backlogs, whereby successful mediation will reduce delays and the court's workload (Sheinin, 2010). This means that another goal associated with VOM policy is reduction of backlog cases or pending minor juvenile offenses.

The VOM program comes with significant benefits to society. The program reduces the adverse effects of incarceration, in cases where parents who are breadwinners may end up in jail. The experience of the program increases the appreciation of justice in society. Additionally, the program has the capacity to reduce the effects of criminal activities on the society by offering the offender and victim an opportunity to forgive each other. The program offers…. [read more]

Diet and Heart Disease Public Health Policy Research Proposal

… Diet and Heart Disease Public Policy

Identify a current public health policy (at the national/federal or state level) that pertains to your chosen topic.

Over the last several decades, the obesity / overweight epidemic is becoming a major challenge that is affecting two thirds of adults and one in three children. Where, the condition would remain fairly stable during: the 1960's and 1970's. Then, between the 1980's and early to mid-2000's, this number would skyrocket as the amount adults (affected by obesity) would increase from just 13.4% (in 1980) to 34.8% of the population. ("Surgeon General's Vision for a Health and Fit Nation 2010," 2010) This is significant, because such large increases in the number of obese adults and children will mean that: diabetes, heart…. [read more]

Programs for Children in the Foster Care System Research Paper

… Programs for Children in the Foster Care System

This paper aims to discuss the United States Foster Care system. It puts light on the trends of entries, exists, adoptions and placements in the U.S. foster care system. In addition to that, the kinds of difficulties that are being faced by the foster families due to lack of funds and proper support are also being discussed in this paper. This paper also indicates the defects that are being rendered in the nurturing of the children by the foster care system.

In this paper, the foster care system of the United States of America has been discussed in detail. It has been observed during the last few years that a rising number of children are located in…. [read more]

Policy Analysis Governments and Organizations Create Policies Discussion Chapter

… Policy Analysis

Governments and organizations create policies to guide and manage repeated procedures and behaviors within the organization. Policies are attempts at standardizing behaviors and ensuring that practices are uniform throughout the organization. Policies are also created to address problems within the organization. The challenges faced by organizations can often be reduced through the proper implementation of policies. Policies function to free employees from having to consider multiple options when responding to situations. The State Department has definite policies regarding the responses employees must give to questions posed by callers. The responses must conform completely to what is written in official documents of the State Department. In instances where callers request information for which there is no clear directive employees are required to direct them…. [read more]

Public Personnel Administration Essay

… Public Administration

Public Personnel Administration

Public personnel administration is a division of human resource management that is concerned with the attainment, expansion, operation and reimbursement of a public organization's labor force. The expression public personnel administration includes three key concepts. First, public refers to local and neighborhood governmental agencies as well as non-profit ones. Personnel have to do with the human resources who work in the public sector and provide public services to the public. Third, administration refers to the management of human resources in public organizations in an efficient and competent way that helps the organization reach its goals and objectives (What Is Public Personnel Administration, 2012).

There are four main tasks of public personnel administration. The first, planning, includes organizing staffing plans and…. [read more]

Public Administration in Brazil Essay

… In environments with restricted citizen involvement, decentralization can act as a vital first step in developing regular and conservative opportunities for all citizens and state communication. The symbiotic connection between decentralization and contribution results to conflicting policy guidelines. Mechanisms for locals' participation need to be considered as a helpful pre-condition in evaluating the opportunities for successful decentralization. The design for decentralization needs to consider the opportunities and limitations imposed by present channels of local participation.

Lack of contribution mechanisms can be considered an inspiration for decentralization and helps in the creation of local demand to incorporate more participatory channels which voice local preferences. Participation acts as a means to flourishing decentralization and as an objective of decentralization. The broad mechanisms for participation of citizens is…. [read more]

Public Policy and Stem Public Policy Education Term Paper

… Public Policy and Stem

Public Policy

Education is the United States has not always received the attention it deserves. We expect that our children will do well in grade school and high school so that they can go on to college to obtain a degree of their choosing. Even though this is a reality for many, it is not a reality for some. Not everyone in this country is at the level that they should be in reading or math which will prevent them from getting into a good college. With the No Child Left Behind Act, policies were put into place to bring children from lower socioeconomic statuses up to par with reading and math. It appears that the program has been successful based…. [read more]

Public Health Policies Essay

… However, because obesity is a complex problem that impacts the entire community, if the program helped reduce obesity rates among children, it could have a ripple impact that benefitted the entire community through lower mortality rates and lower healthcare costs as the population ages. In other words, if the policy is successful in encouraging even a small number of children who are currently at-risk of becoming obese or are already obese to become more physically active, the entire community could feel the positive impacts of the policy.

Cost Effectiveness

The cost effectiveness of the program is difficult to calculate because the rates of utilization and the impact of that utilization on lifelong healthcare costs per individual are not yet understood. The additional cost for teacher…. [read more]

Public Health Resources 1& Information Essay

… 3• Differences between public and community health

There is really no difference between the public health and community health in so far as the work of the nurse is concerned, but the subtle differences exist because the public issues are different from the community health issues. The public issues deal with epidemic and large scale changes in the town or city health condition while community health is based on individual and community health practices. One way to ensure better community health is to involve "public enterprise" which is an alternative to privatization. Thus the ownership of important activities like airports, city centers hospitals and other utilities that cater to the public on low profit thus benefiting public welfare is possible through the 'Public Enterprises'.

References…. [read more]

Policy Analysis Critique Rationale Essay

… The requirement of precautionary public health approach cannot be ignored simply in the face of this fact statement. Intensive farming, housing and transportation of large amount of poultry actually leads to the propagation of avian influenza outbreaks. These factors are actually regarded as vectors when considering the terminology for disease transmission and involve high risks levels pertaining to bird-to-human transmission (Owen and Yui, 2010).

One can consider the use of avian vaccines in a bird's farm as a very useful measure, but one remains doubtful about the efficiency of these vaccines (Owen and Yui, 2010).

Dense populations of birds and humans

The warnings that have been expressed by the government in this regard are quite true. This new disease is a result of increasing population…. [read more]

Program Evaluation Home and Community-Based Waiver Services Essay

… Program Evaluation

Home And Community-Based Waiver Services (HCBS) program is an assistance that allows reimbursement for certain chronically ill, disable and elderly people who are not otherwise covered by the Medical aid program. The debate over the rising costs of the institutional healthcare has led to the passage of Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) of 1981. (Miller, 1992). Under the HCBS program, people remain in their homes and communities, and the waivers allow people to receive services that are not covered under the traditional Medicaid program. Since 1981, states have used the autonomy of Section 1915(c) under Social Security Act to establish home and community-based waiver programs. Under this program, the states provide wide range of services to the participants, and the legislation allow states…. [read more]

Public Administration the Ultimate Thesis

… The employers in the local government can include special districts, townships, counties, municipalities and school districts. Now we come to the particular strategies that should be employed by the public administrator of this area. First of all, he should have a sound knowledge of the procedures of the local government job applications. His second strategy should be to develop a network of contacts. It is important for him to keep a check on the statistics of the expanding communities so that he gets to know where the best opportunities emerge.

Moreover, a rational public administrator should also go for activities like internships and volunteer positions so that he can get relevant experience in the field. It is also advisable for him to carry out applicable…. [read more]

Public Sector Unions Research Paper

… In 1947 the Taft Hartley act was passed which removed many union gains from the Wagner act. It very explicitly denied public workers the right to strike, and required that workers who did strike would be dismissed (brown, 2010). This legislation was hard to overcome, but support began to grow for allowing public unions to form.

At this time, public sentiment began to change, leaning more toward unions, as public employees were demanding change. One challenge of the sixties was the battle for collective bargaining rights. The age of teacher militancy began in November 1960 with a one-day walkout of the united federation of teachers of New York City; two years later the UFT won the first comprehensive teacher contract in the country (Edwards, 2010).…. [read more]

Public Health the Rate Research Paper

… The study also faults social factors, such as low levels of social support, lower socio-economic status and chronic exposure to stressors like racism…. Low-income and women with less education were also more likely to face deadly complications in childbirth. (Are C-sections to blame?)

Given the fact that C-sections carry increased physical, psychological, and financial costs for women, an important part of any integrated public health policy must consider ways in which to reduce the current level of Caesarians while at the same time ensuring that women who do need C-sections to deliver safely have access to them.

Reducing Rates of C-sections

As suggested throughout this analysis of current C-section rates in the United States, this rise has been effected by a number of factors, and…. [read more]

Public Health Informatics Is the Application Essay

… Public health informatics is the application of informatics in areas of public health, including surveillance, reporting, and health promotion. Public health informatics, and its corollary, population informatics, are concerned with groups rather than individuals" (Public health informatics, 2013, AMA.). Informatics has a wide range of applications in the field of healthcare. Unlike individualized medicine, public health professionals are interested in how interventions affect groups. For example, a weight loss program might be effective for certain individuals but unless the programs' interventions are demonstrated to be effective in an empirical fashion for a wide range of people, the designers are unlikely to secure funding from a government agency so the program can be offered to Medicaid patients.

Healthcare informatics is noteworthy for its interdisciplinary focus, merging…. [read more]

Public Policy Evaluation Term Paper

… Policy Formulation

Policy matters arise from the interaction between daily occurrences in human life and the social, natural and economic challenges thereof. In the course of daily lives, individuals face up and are affected directly or indirectly, by an extensive array of issues obviously or subtly. These interactions necessitate the creation of ideas with those concerned with attending to the society's welfare. Most of the policies arrived at aim at resolving an existing situation that appears to relate to the welfare of a society.

The rational involved in making the choice relating to the public matter is guided also by laid down policies. This directs and guides the acting public officer towards formulation of public policies concerning the public and the laid down guidelines. Considering…. [read more]

Public Policy Research Quantitative Inquiry A-Level Coursework

… Public Policy Research Quantitative Inquiry

Summary Problem Set #3

the Urban Institute's National Neighbourhoods Indicators Partnership

The two partners of the National Neighbourhoods Indicators Partnership chosen for the assessment here are: Atlanta Regional Commission and Neighbourhood Nexus. Both of these are situated in Atlanta and work towards building better and more cooperative communities.

After visiting the web domains of both these partners, there are some clear similarities and dissimilarities that one can see. Before we detail these aspects, it is important to note here that both these organizations seem to have taken a different approach to represent them in the online world. We will use the overall viewpoints presented by Tufte (2001) and Miller (2008) to analyze the representation of data and the organization that…. [read more]

Policy Issues in Education Article Review

… In fact StudentsFirst recommends that teachers should be paid based on "performance" and not on "experience or the attainment of a master's degree," Rich points out. Moreover, some states, like Idaho, have passed legislation that eliminates tenure entirely; Idaho also introduced "performance pay" for teachers based on evaluations and test scores, but voters overturned that legislation in a referendum (Rich, p. 2).

There are critics that believe StudentsFirst is out to get publicity by attacking the school system. The chief deputy superintendent of California schools is Richard Zeiger, and he stated that StudentsFirst "…is an organization that frankly makes its living by asserting that schools are failing" (Rich, p. 2). Zeiger is blunt when he says that the "F" rating California received from StudentsFirst is…. [read more]

Policy Making -- Federal Minimum Essay

… Policy Making -- Federal Minimum Wage

The issue of raising the minimum wage is always met with resistance from business and conservatives in Congress albeit liberals and advocacy organizations support raising it. Thesis: from the available literature it appears that raising the minimum wage does not help alleviate poverty and hence this paper sees no advantage to low income workers in that regard.

History of the Minimum Wage

According to the U.S. Department of Labor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed 121 bills on Saturday, June 25, 1938, and among that long list of new legislation was the "landmark law in the Nation's social and economic development," the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA) (Grossman, DOL). Two years earlier, the president was campaigning in Bedford,…. [read more]

Public Health Betrayals a Fascinating Essay

… The show 60 Minutes and its online postings did what it always does to dramatically make its own point about death and dying with the development of The Cost of Dying: End of Life Care. They share with us in raw numbers just how expensive our system is, and why it contributes to the belief that government doesn't work efficiently. A particular quote is poignant:

Last year, Medicare paid $55 billion just for doctor and hospital bills during the last two months of patients' lives. That's more than the budget for the Department of Homeland Security, or the Department of Education. And it has been estimated that 20 to 30% of these medical expenses may have had no meaningful impact. Most of the bills are…. [read more]

Public Figures Should Not Be Obliged to Act as Role Models Essay

… Public Figures as Role Models

Should Public Figures be Obligated to be Role Models to Young People?

There is an intrinsic desire in people to seek out and imitate others whose behavior is considered better than one's own. Children idolize their parents as role models. As a child gets older, they may seek out role models from other places including public figures. It is this susceptibility to other people's influence that has many parents and politicians alike concerned about and arguing for an expectation of moral and even admirable behavior from public figures.

For the most part public figures act within the confines of the law, just as any other citizen would. When this higher standard of conduct does not happen, the public becomes disenfranchised…. [read more]

Public Administration With Considerations on the Characteristics Research Paper

… ¶ … public administration with considerations on the characteristics of organization and management in government centering on the impact of political processes and public pressures on administration action, role of regulatory agencies, governmental personnel and budgetary procedures, and unique qualifications of a public administrator. From the past as the paper indicates there has been increased interest in public administration in to whether they fulfill their obligations as expected (Rabin et al., 1998). As government should create the appropriate environment for public administration rather than adapting to them, it shows how politics results from social status and culture limitations (Peters, 2007, p. 92). The paper further illustrates that regulatory authorities are independent institutions, their roles revolving around developing policies, implementation and even judging creates vital political…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.