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Spotlighting Samplings 4 Qualitative Research Research Paper

… Magilvy and Thomas (2009) explain that "qualitative research data are usually text data, narratives, and stories told by people about their experiences recorded digitally, on tape, on film, or in photographs, or in notes taken by the researcher" (¶ 4). After being analyzed, described and explained, the ensuring retrieved data may offer a detailed account of the experience "as lived."

As explained earlier in the study, research design illustrates the entire research process from the first notion of the research problem, to creating the data, analyzing and explaining the findings and ultimately publishing the results. In addition to the phenomenology method, the survey method, the ethnography method, and the case study method, the methods the current study examines, research designs also include, however, may not…. [read more]

Public Policy Research Quantitative Inquiry A-Level Coursework

… Public Policy Research Quantitative Inquiry

Summary Problem Set #3

the Urban Institute's National Neighbourhoods Indicators Partnership

The two partners of the National Neighbourhoods Indicators Partnership chosen for the assessment here are: Atlanta Regional Commission and Neighbourhood Nexus. Both of these are situated in Atlanta and work towards building better and more cooperative communities.

After visiting the web domains of both these partners, there are some clear similarities and dissimilarities that one can see. Before we detail these aspects, it is important to note here that both these organizations seem to have taken a different approach to represent them in the online world. We will use the overall viewpoints presented by Tufte (2001) and Miller (2008) to analyze the representation of data and the organization that…. [read more]

Identifying a Researchable Problem Research Paper

… Evidence-Based Research Problem in Nursing

Guided Imagery and Pain Management

Everyone experiences pain at some point. From the patient in the most dire circumstances in urgent care to the little kid with a sprained ankle. Pain is universal. Yet, it continues to plague individuals all over the world.

Pain Management and the post-surgery healing processes are a difficult area to study based on the personal nature of how each individual patient deals with and visualizes their own pain and recovery. Still, nursing researchers and practitioners are constantly looking for methods to improve or augment current pain management practices within contemporary nursing practice. In more contemporary pain management strategies, there is often a tendency to over rely on pharmaceutical medications. Pain is experienced by patients of…. [read more]

Political Inquiry Utility Thesis

… 268).

The WWP reforms that swept the nation in the mid-1990s were a response to the belief by conservatives that many welfare recipients represented a demographic addicted to public assistance (Coffield, 2002). The solution, they argued, was employment at almost any cost. The social benefits proclaimed to be possible were a reduced public tax burden and the moral rehabilitation of welfare recipients. From the liberal perspective, vocational training or a college degree was the surest route to ending reliance on public assistance and the rehabilitative benefit would be an end to the cycle of poverty. The concept of welfare reform therefore meant different things to different people.

If political scientists were to try and measure the effectiveness of welfare reform they would first be stymied…. [read more]

Interdisciplinary Studies -- Academic Disciplines Research Paper

… d.).

Sub-Fields Within the Women's Studies Discipline

ASU's Women's Studies area strives to be easily combined with other Majors, Minors and study fields. Consequently, its subfields are including gender, health, sexuality, science and technology, work, globalization, ecology, social policy, violence prevention, media, film, performance and the arts (School of Social Transformation, n.d.). The specifically named subfields include: Culture; Economics; Film; History; Literature; Politics; and Science. In addition, students are offered the opportunities for internships in: Business; Government; and Nonprofit organizations (School of Social Transformation, n.d.). The extensive fields addressed by Women's Studies and consciously interdisciplinary approach provide graduates with opportunities to apply Women's Studies in careers fields such as education, law, government, business and the nonprofit sector.


Both Communications Studies and Women's Studies are…. [read more]

Public School vs. Home Schooling Term Paper

… With recent advances in distance learning technology, more and more families are choosing to learn at home." (Internet Home School Website, 2003)

Internet offerings are vast, with everything from social societies that provide outreach and opinions with regards to home school concerns and solution to companies that provide whole home school curriculums that meet the standards in the state of origin or require little alteration to do so. (Home School World Website 2001) The internet site: a leading magazine, Home School World production that can assist individuals in achieving home school goals and also help answer some of the lingering questions and fears associated with home schooling children. The available information for home school advocates clearly increases the odds that any home school decision…. [read more]

Obesity in Children Birth Research Proposal

… (Singh and Kogan, 2009, paraphrased)

A study was conducted in Scotland and reported in the work of Cecil, et al. (2005) as having the objective to determine the prevalence of obesity among a cohort of Scottish children based on socio-economic status. Scottish children were recruited from 47 schools in Scotland. Findings reported in the work of Cecil, et al. (2005) state that when obesity levels were examined in the lower and higher income groups that the prevalence of obesity "was much higher in the lower-income group when compared with the higher-income group." (p.1) Cecil, et al. (2005) reports that both boys and girls from the lower socio-economic income group were more likely to be obese than girls and boys from the higher socio-economic income group.…. [read more]

K-12 Curriculum and Instruction: Changing Research Proposal

… From what? Boring stuff." (2011)

Robinson states that the instance of ADHD "has risen in parallel with the growth of standardized testing. And these kids are being given Ritalin and Adderall and all manner of things. Often quite dangerous drugs to get them focused and calm them down. But according to this attention deficit disorder increases as you travel east across the country. People start losing interest in Oklahoma. They can hardly think straight in Arkansas. And by the time they get to Washington they've lost it completely." (Robinson, 2011) The model of education is a system of education "…which is modeled on the interest of industrialism. And in the image of it. I'll give you a couple examples. Schools are still pretty much organized…. [read more]

Undocumented Students Equity to In-State Research Paper

… Is it unjust to extradite an illegal alien who has been living a constructive life and contributing to benefit our society?

3. Because of the current economic hardship in the U.S., is it fair to allocate money for college to immigrants or only to American students?

These research questions seek to explore the undocumented students' difficulties as well as to capture the perspectives and actions of policy personnel within a particular policy context. The queries also capture professionals' methods and strategies for inciting institutional change on this issue. Overall, these questions will offer a grassroots-level picture of the current state of affairs for college educators on the topic of undocumented student access and success.


The researcher aims to use qualitative method to explore the…. [read more]

Affirmative Action Research Proposal

… Affirmative Action

The impact of Affirmative Action on the Professional Success of African-American MBA Graduates


Affirmative action as it stands in the professional and business sphere has generated a wide spectrum of controversy. Antipathetic views have flourished over the years arguing that African-American MBA graduates should receive similar treatment and meet the standard criteria for admission into business organizations. The inimical perspective is that affirmative action in a sense gradually introduces reverse discrimination against the majority. "Those who believe Affirmative Action's time is limited are of three minds. Some believe that discontinuing affirmative action would be a mistake-whenever that might be. Others see discontinuation is long overdue. Still others see affirmative action as a current necessity whose life expectancy is limited." (Roosevelt, 2004,…. [read more]

Developing the Evidence Matrix for Communication Quality Improvement Among Physician and Staff Research Paper

… Evidence-Based Tools: Review Matix

Level of Evidence

Gazmararian, J.,

Health Literacy Among Medicare Enrollees in Managed Care Organizations

What is the level of functional health literacy among community dwelling Medicare enrollees.

Cross-sectional survey.

Four Prudential Healthcare plans; 3260 participants

Used short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults.

1/3 of English speaking and over 1/2 Spanish speaking enrollees over age 65 had inadequate health literacy.

One section of population (prudential), but use of bilingual surveys buttresses ability to extrapolate data.

Strong -- shows that elderly managed care individuals may not have the literacy necessary to adequately function in the modern health care environment.

Gulmans, J.,

Evaluating Quality of patient care communication in integrated care settings.


Using the integrated care model of Cerebral…. [read more]

Reducing Risky Behavior for African-American Research Proposal

… The disproportionately high HIV incidence among African-American female teens convincingly defines the term 'health disparity.' A possible intervention has been explored by Aronowitz and Agbeshie (2012) and Aronowitz and Eche (2013) using qualitative study designs. Working under the assumption that mothers are the primary sex educators for daughters, they investigated the interactions that took place between inner-city African-American mother-daughter dyads during discussions about intimate sexual issues. The goal of these studies were to define the main communication and parenting strategies employed, thereby providing valuable, culturally-sensitive information that could help clinicians reduce health disparities for African-American female youth.

Aronowitze and Agbeshie (2012) used a focus group strategy within a grounded theory study design. They limited the daughter's age to between 11- and 14-years of age, under…. [read more]

Barbas, M.P. Expanding Knowledge: From the Classroom Research Paper

… ¶ … Barbas, M.P. Expanding Knowledge: From the Classroom to Hyperspace. Educational Media International. 43 (1): 65-73, 2006. Retrieved from: ttp:// / search/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=EJ729235&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=EJ729235.

Relationship to Social Sciences: Teaching and learning in the 21st century are quite different than the past. Distance and online learning allow materials to be communicated to a larger audience, faculty can teach more courses, and courses may encourage new types of learning and self-discovery, directly impacting the social sciences.

Annotation: This source primarily examines the relationship between teaching approaches and online learning outcomes using a sample of forty MBA level courses. Data suggests that most students have significantly higher scores in courses in which objectivist teaching approaches were supported by collaborative learning techniques, thus sometimes making it difficult or challenging in…. [read more]

Education Mcintyre Discusses Various Paradigms of Research Thesis

… Education

McIntyre Discusses Various Paradigms of Research

What are the different rules and assumptions of these paradigms?

The different rules and assumptions of these paradigms all revolve around how adult education is conducted, and how it should change to incorporate more ideas and research principles. One accepted paradigm that the author wants to change is the participation paradigm, because it is outdated and has been done repeatedly. The rules of this paradigm include why people take distance education courses, why they chose distance education, and what they get out of the courses (if they participate). While these studies have been valid in the past, they have been done, and instead of rehashing old information, and making assumptions from this old information, new research and paradigms…. [read more]

Social Variables in the Development and Maintenance Thesis

… ¶ … Social Variables in the Development and Maintenance of Business Relationships with Libyan Companies

The Need for the Research

Expected Contribution to Knowledge

Review of the Chapters

Review of Chapter 2 (Literature Review)

Review of Chapter 3 (Research Methodology)

Review of Chapter 4 (Research Findings)

101.5.4 Review of Chapter 5 (Research Discussion)

101.5.5 Review of Chapter 6 (Recommendation & Conclusion)

101.5.6 Review of Reference List

122.1 Why the Business Relationship is Important

132.2 Social Variables in the Development of Business Relationships

142.2.1 Cultural Affinity


202.2.3 Commitment

222.2.4 Experience

252.2.5 Satisfaction

262.2.6 Communication

Stages in the Development of a Business Relationship

322.3.1 Pre-contact

332.3.2. Initial Interaction

352.3.3 Development

352.3.4 Maturity

Research Methodology

373.1 Introduction

373.2 Definition of research methodology

383.3 Research Design

393.4 Research…. [read more]

Environmental Systems Capstone Project

… ¶ … environmental systems in the past five years. Summarize the techniques used, the assumptions and limitations faced, the potential for error and how it was minimized, and the lessons learned.

Scope/Direction of the Research

The scope of the study extended to a review of relevant studies published within the last 5 years to provide an overview and recapitulation of the techniques that have been used in recent years to study the development of environmental systems, the assumptions and limitations that have been encountered along the way, the potential for error and how it was minimized, and the lessons learned from these efforts. The development of environmental systems includes various geospatial technologies, alternative energy systems, and other technological solutions that are designed to interact with…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind: Mixed Methods Research Essay

… ¶ … Strengths/Weaknesses

Mixed Methods

Research for NCLB

Study Definition and Issues

Current Trends/Problem Correction

Use of Research on AYP Ratings

Case Studies and Examples

Adaptive Approaches to Research

Hourglass Approach to Research

Steps to the Scientific Method

Diagram of Mixed Research

NAEP Score Equivalents

NCLB Issues

Comparison/Contrast Research Methods

Strengths & Weaknesses of Methodologies

In all aspects of science, whether it be the so-called "hard" sciences like chemistry and physics, or the "soft" sciences like marketing, educational psychology, and sociology, research methodology is critical to the veracity of the data interpretation and the ability to have a shared standard that translates languages, cultures, and chronology. Typically, there has been a gulf between these methods, not just in actual tactical methods, but in the approach…. [read more]

Country's Public Schools Are Experiencing Term Paper

… 60).

Some if not many of these special needs students will still require specialized care following graduation, but if they are provided with the training and tools they need to live as independently as possible during their high school years, it is reasonable to suggest these young people will have a better chance of caring for themselves to the maximum extent following graduation from high school. Based on his experiences with such a high school-based initiative, Liipfert (2010 argues that, "The [special needs] children will perhaps never be capable of living without any support system, but can hold jobs and can live with less supervision than many of their parents could ever have imagined. States benefit as well because programs help graduates live more independently…. [read more]

Influence of Women on the Progress of Knowledge Dissertation

… ¶ … Henry Thomas Buckle's original 1858 discourse concerning the contributions of women to the progress of knowledge to determine how relevant these concepts remain today, and to expand on his origins premise that although women reason differently from men, the contributions to the progress of knowledge made by women over the centuries are worthy of further study today. To this end, the study examines different types of knowledge and how women have affected progress in these domains through a critical review of the relevant literature, including open source media such as Wikipedia, but peer-reviewed and scholarly sources as well. A summary of the research and a synthesis of the findings are presented in the study's conclusion concerning the contributions of women to the progress…. [read more]

Interdisciplinary Approaches to Learning) Assessment

… ¶ … Interdisciplinary Approaches to Learning)

How does a paradigm differ from a theory? Include information from Kuhn regarding a paradigm so that you demonstrate your understanding of Kuhn regarding a paradigm.

In his book, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1970), Thomas Kuhn first used the term "paradigm" to describe the process that takes place on science when one major research paradigm is replaced by a newer one. According to Dobel, "For Kuhn, a paradigm is both an intellectual and a sociological construct. It provides a framework of basic assumptions about the nature of knowledge, rules of evidence and inference, and maps and directions for what constitutes important and vital problems" (2001, p. 166). While theories remain unconfirmed, it was Kuhn's perspective that paradigms provide…. [read more]

Action Research Is to Solve Article Review

… ¶ … action research is to solve an immediate problem, or to reflect on a larger problem. The process may be individual or team oriented, but all designed to improve the way issues and problems are handled in specific situations. The overall paradigm for action research involves actively participating in organizational change while, at the same time, conducting research on the problem or issue. It is an interactive inquiry process that balances the way problems are solved with data-drive analysis that helps guide the research through knowledge. The difference between action research and traditional social science research is that active research moves beyond reflective knowledge created by others to real-time data collecting, inquiry, analysis and actionable items (Bradbury, 2007).

Diagnosis of the Problem -- New…. [read more]

Benefits of Year-Round School vs. A Regular Calendar Research Proposal

… ¶ … Round School vs. A Regular Calendar School Year

The Benefits of Year-Round vs. Traditional Calendar Year School

Continued interest in improving educational achievement has prompted school districts across the nation to consider alternatives to the traditional nine-month school calendar. Educators are exploring year round education, which means that schools will continue to operate on a 180 day system, yet they will spread these days out differently with shorter breaks between each term. The most popular example of year round education is the 45-15 plan.

This has students attending school 45 days and then getting three weeks (15 days) off. The normal breaks (holiday, spring) are still built into this calendar. Is the year-round school schedule more beneficial to student academic achievement vs. The…. [read more]

How Has Richmond VA Been Impacted by the Recession Research Proposal

… ¶ … Richmond VA been impacted by the Recession

At issue here is the recession, and what it is doing to the town of Richmond, Virginia. Like many big cities and little towns throughout the country today, Richmond is suffering. it's difficult for people to pay their mortgages, and businesses are going under. Some of this is happening because of what are called 'intertemporal choices.' Intertemporal choices are things that have benefits and costs that are not immediate. They are spread out over time, and they are important. Often times, these are fairly common choices such as whether to have children, or which house to buy. Obviously, these are choices that have long-term implications.

Children are a lifetime investment, and a house is often a…. [read more]

Door Primary Sources for Substantive Investigation Research Proposal

… ¶ … Door

Primary Sources for Substantive Investigation:

To provide independent answers to a thesis question, primary sources must be utilized. The most common type of primary source is published documents. These published documents were written for large audiences, and most often were distributed widely. These can include: scholarly journals, magazines, books, government documents, newspapers, non-government reports, laws, and court decisions, to name just a few examples. Primary sources often include original research reports, written by the original researcher/researchers. This differs from secondary sources of published documents, in which authors synthesize their findings from other primary sources. Common secondary sources involve a qualitative literature review of multiple research studies to draw support for an author's thesis.

Unpublished documents can also be a primary source used…. [read more]

Weapons of Mass Destruction Research Paper

… Chemical weapons comprised liquids as well as gases that suffocate the victims, upset the central nervous system, blister the skin, and poison the blood. Biological weapons include infectious agents such as fungi, viruses and bacteria. Bursting the biological weapons over a populated area might eventually result in the outbreak of deadly diseases such as plague, anthrax, or smallpox. A study conducted by the U.S. Department of Defense indicates a strong correlation between the country's participation on international relations and terrorist assault on it

The assessment might involve a range of states including states with stakes as well as those without interests. Even though countries would work toward realizing peace and stability of their neighbors, it is important for every nation to come on board during…. [read more]

Static Learning Research Proposal

… Static Learning in the 21st Century

The Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) test, mandated by Senate Bill 103 during the 76th Texas Legislative Session, assesses students in grades 3, through 11. Two of the tests are benchmarks for passing to the next level. The state of Texas requires students who do not pass the third grade, standardized test, to repeat that grade level and students in the eleventh grade must pass all tests in order to graduate (TEA, 2007). Test scores have come to dominate discussion about schools and their accomplishments. Amrein and Berliner (2002) found that educators at state and national levels use test scores to evaluate programs and allocate educational resources. A school, whose math test scores have dropped, might allocate…. [read more]

Influence of Branding on Consumer Purchasing Behavior Research Proposal

… Branding Strategies

Assessing the Influence of branding on consumer purchase behavior is begins with an analysis of how the accumulated effects of marketing strategies contribute to the permanency of branding and their accumulative effects on consumers. The impact of Web 2.0 technologies (Bernoff, Li, is re-ordering the dynamics of branding on a global scale based on social networking. Broader still is the cultural assimilation of branding on a global scale. Learning and cultural assimilation is actually becoming more pervasive as a result of more effective branding strategies that are being implemented. This cultural assimilation and focus isn't at the expense of cultural richness and identity at a local level however. Research completed in this dissertation shows that branding and messaging is interpreted and synthesized…. [read more]

Domestic Violence and Hispanic Women Research Paper

… Evidence-Based Practice Protocol: Domestic Violence and Hispanic Women

Evidence-based Practice

Domestic violence (DV) accounts for about 30% of all acute injuries to women treated in emergency departments, as it currently constitutes a critical public health concern, not only in the United States (U.S.), but worldwide. Some studies indicate that Hispanic women are more likely to be injured during intimate partner violence incidents than non-Hispanic women, with scholars agreeing that DV among Latinos must be addressed as it constitutes a serious problem among the Latino growing population.

Research reveals that utilizing emergency room protocols to identify and treat victims of domestic violence increases the identification of victims by medical practitioners. Although a high percentage of female victims of domestic violence visit emergency rooms for treatment, low…. [read more]

Service Providers on Special Student Research Paper

… There is considerable evidence indicating that school characteristics such as inflexible scheduling, culturally insensitive environments, rigid instructional strategies, ineffective special student engagement, and poor curriculum design which fails to recognize cultural differences and values, inhibit academic achievement-especially among low-performing special students (Giroux, 1994; Hixson & Tinzmann, 1990; Klem & Connell, 2004; Richardson & Colfer, 1990). Unlike the environmental factors previously mentioned, educational service providers nonetheless have considerable influence over delivery of services with respect to curriculum, scheduling, text selection, and instructional strategies. Of particular interest to this researcher are instructional strategies-specifically, pedagogical practices that provide support for special students -- and how low-performing and high-performing special students might perceive them differently.

This chapter presents a synthesis of the literature as it relates to the role…. [read more]

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