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Private Finance the Private Financing Essay

… Four key themes, we suggest, are central here both to current mainstream theorising and contemporary research within the sociology of health and illness. Re-thinking of social structure, the first of these, raises a series of issues, from debates over the future of class, to the blurring of traditional categories and distinctions concerning gender, 'race' and 'ageing' in the late/postmodern era. The body, our second theme, is also becoming increasingly 'contested' and 'uncertain' at the turn of the century, both inside and outside the academy. What sense are we to make of these corporeal developments, and in what ways do the embodied dilemmas of health and medicine help clarify the issues at stake? Consumption and risk, our third key theme, mesh closely with these arguments, from…. [read more]

Public Qualitative Observation: Wow Fitness Essay

… The rooms were literally packed like sardines and there seemed to be little personal attention given to the different participants. Some participants seemed very confident about their moves and seemed equally if not more deft and fit than the instructor while others seemed obviously very lost and new to fitness. The rooms were large enough to require the instructor to use a microphone strapped to her head to communicate with everyone.

7:45am: I got on an elliptical machine behind two women. The women were going at a fairly slow pace, talking about their children and how difficult it was for them to find time to exercise. They seemed to be friends and to have worked out frequently together in the past. They compared the strength…. [read more]

Public Schools Versus Private Term Paper

… Public Schools vs. Private Schools

Literature Review (in Progress)

The Thomas B. Fordham Institute study results published in "Where Do Public School Teachers Send Their Kids to School?" (Doyle et al. 2004) may be surprising to many parents whose children attend public school. Teachers are expected to be the individuals that know the most about what is going on in schools because they work there every day, with access to the classroom, school resources, school administration, and every aspect of the education system. One would expect that teachers would take pride in their schools and have their own children attend the public schools in which they teach; this would be a strong vote of confidence for the public schools. However, if teachers themselves chose not…. [read more]

Private vs. Public Schools Essay

… On the other hand apart from public schools having few teachers, their payment is always low as compared to private school teachers thus demoralizing the teachers and it is seen in the end result when the performance becomes generally low as compared to the private schools hence giving the private schools the moral authority to comment on the best education system fro the kids.

Some parents will look at private schools as having high tuition costs; however this has been countered by numerous available scholarships that the children who come from the low family background are given, (Parents for Better Education America, 2011). For example the public schools officials in Washington, DC sided with private education through offering a voucher system to private education. Even…. [read more]

Public Schools vs. Private Term Paper

… In short, it was all -- even the math and science -- philosophy. In fact, it could not have been anything else, as science as we know it would be invented hundreds of years later by people a lot less erudite. Those early Greek 'schools' were the foundation not only of the detached method of education extant in U.S. public schools today, but of the campus style of learning as well. Universities and even high schools are generally separated from their communities by acres of greensward. Clinchy argues that this is not for peace, quiet and beauty alone, but to separate the students from everyday life. To be sure, private schools are often at least as well set apart as public schools, but the effect…. [read more]

Public Sector Unions Research Paper

… In 1947 the Taft Hartley act was passed which removed many union gains from the Wagner act. It very explicitly denied public workers the right to strike, and required that workers who did strike would be dismissed (brown, 2010). This legislation was hard to overcome, but support began to grow for allowing public unions to form.

At this time, public sentiment began to change, leaning more toward unions, as public employees were demanding change. One challenge of the sixties was the battle for collective bargaining rights. The age of teacher militancy began in November 1960 with a one-day walkout of the united federation of teachers of New York City; two years later the UFT won the first comprehensive teacher contract in the country (Edwards, 2010).…. [read more]

Public Relations and Public Affairs Term Paper

… Public Relations and Public Affairs

The Kelsey Unified School District (KUSD) has undergone a major public relations disaster. This would cause the district and the Board of Trustees, to see a loss of confidence. As the public and the media, would highlight the obvious differences resulting: the sudden termination of the Superintendant for ethical issues. At which point, the dispute between the Board of Trustees and the Superintendant became a public spectacle. This would result in a med-arb award of $70,000.00, with the board allowing the Superintendent to resign rather than firing him. However, during the process, the view that the public would have of the school district and the board would deteriorate. As they saw, the situation turning into, accusations and counter accusations from…. [read more]

School Finance Aguilar V Felton Term Paper

… Agostini v Felton

In 1995, the Board and a group of parents filed motions for exemptions in the District Court from the Supreme Court under the Federal Rule of Civil Procedure (LII, 2012). They were initially denied by the District Court and the Court of Appeals. But on April 15, 1997, the Supreme Court heard their arguments. Their main arguments centered on the huge costs of running the program under the Aguilar rule; the majority of justices believed that the Aguilar decision should be reversed or at least reconsidered; and that its legal basis had weakened and ceased to be a good law (LII).

On June 23, 1997, the Court decided 5-4 on this case, allowing public school teachers to tutor private school students in…. [read more]

School Uniforms in Public Essay

… The compliance rate was 98%; the first year result proved the much effect a successful school uniform policy is capable of having on a school system. The first year had 43% reduction in suspensions, 70% reduction in substance abuse, 54% fewer fights, 50% fewer cases of battery against employees and 20% fewer cases of weapons possession and robbery. Some other school systems also reported a more similar statistical change.

Even though introduction of the school uniform is of great importance, there is some precaution which has to be taken in its implementation. For example, the school should be careful when selecting the school uniform. Some parents and children may resist the uniform because the introduction will have to restrict style of dressing and this causes…. [read more]

Comparison and Contrast Between Public and Private Schools Term Paper

… Public v. Private Schools

The difference involving public and private schools is no longer as clear-cut as it once was. It may well be that the local public school is an enhanced educational match for a child than an elite private school with a national standing and a price tag to match. And even though some examination shows that private schools tend to have greater scholastic programs, this isn't always the case. In spite of their now and then negative press, public schools are in fact getting better (Boland, 2011).

The most understandable difference between public and private schools comes down to cash. The good news for parents is that public schools cannot charge tuition. The bad news is that public schools are complex, frequently…. [read more]

Motivate Private Kindergarten Teachers Essay

… Because valuable rewards can directly and indirectly influence the performance and motivation level of employees; and (2) it encourages the wide domain of individuals to put in their best and work harder to feel sense of achievement. Work itself is also concluded highly related with job satisfaction. Work Itself is the third best source of teacher's satisfaction to their institution as findings suggest that when employees are entrusted assignments according to their specialization and interest then they start enjoying their assignments like hobby." (Shah, et al., 2012, p. 276) Shah reports more importantly that intrinsic motivation "…is found highly depending upon the job satisfaction among employees. All it shows that when employees feel a sense of accomplishment due to the nature of job and more…. [read more]

Private Labor Union Enrollment Has Substantially Decreased Reaction Paper

… ¶ … private labor union enrollment has substantially decreased, public sector unionization remains robust. According to Chapter 2 of the text Collective bargaining in education: Negotiating change in today's schools Henry S. Farber points out that while in the private sector only 8.2% of the population is unionized, more than 37% of public sector workers are unionized (Faber 27). Unionization has substantially declined in the private sector, while unionization amongst all workers in the public sector has substantially increased.

One reason for this is reduced demand for the highly skilled 'blue collar' workers in the modern industrial era that formed the backbone of the modern labor movement. Also, it has become far easier for companies to re-locate in 'right to work' states or abroad. In…. [read more]

High School Electives and the Navy JROTC Literature Review

… Ernest Hemingway's "Big Two-Hearted River"

There are a number of eminent boons associated with the Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps (JROTC), a program which is offered as an elective at public high schools across the nation. However, many of these positives do not directly correlate to academic achievement. An explanation of this fact partially stems from the very nature of the program -- as an elective, it is limited in the amount of educational value it can impart to students, which is certainly lesser than that of the value afforded students via daily coursework offered in standard classes. Importantly, the public funds of the JROTC make it a viable option for students in light of regulations regarding federal and state regulations limitations mandated by 1995's…. [read more]

Public vs Private Schools Essay

… (DiPerna & Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice 2012) Though charter schools and private schools vary greatly it is widely held that such schools are a better option for students than public schools, with their cookie cutter curriculums more and more focused on teaching to the test.


As has been said charter and private schools tend to vary a great deal yet they offer two things that public schools cannot seem to afford to offer, lower class sizes and more personalized learning. Though all schools are not the perfect fit for all students the reality is that many of these private schools surpass their public school rivals in engagement of students and retention of students to completion of their diploma. "The [Education Longitudinal Study] ELS…. [read more]

Private Schools Verses Public Research Paper

… Private vs. Public Schools

In the first quarter of 2010, the U.S. Department of Education reported that there has been a big shift in enrolment from public to private schools. This shift occurred at all levels, from pre-K to middle school until high school. In fact, the Department further reported that this shift has been happening in the past years, as early as 2006. From 2006-2010, private school enrolment fell to almost 3%, with the biggest shift in enrollees in pre-K to middle school, at about 4%. Public school enrolment at these levels, meanwhile, increased to 3%. At the high school level, this shift is more pronounced as enrolment in both public and private schools fell to 2.35%, with public high schools getting the lowest…. [read more]

School Finance: Its Economics Term Paper

… They also need to explore the avenues for implementing the state-controlled full funded system. They need to increase the bases for revenue to increase the sales tax base for state and local governments. This is to include non-taxed goods and more services. There is also a necessity to replace sources of revenue for school financing from local to state sources. At the same time it is essential to pursue non-tax sources by reducing preferential treatment to the incomes, property taxes and retirement and other age-related incomes, which are presently avoided. This is essential to increase the state revenue for school funding. (Terman, and Richard, 1997).

Property tax to support schools

The local governments provide funding to schools by depending on a major share of the…. [read more]

School Uniforms for Students Term Paper

… As part of a general safety program, many school districts are considering implementing uniform policies.

The purpose to this study is to prove that wearing school uniforms has a positive effect on student behavior and/or school violence in United States schools. In this paper's review of literature, issues explored include a rationale for policy adoption, legal implications of uniform policies; and the perceptions of parents, students, educators, and those opposing uniform policies. In conclusion, recommendations on successful policy formation will be issued in the Results section.

D. Procedures

It is hypothesized that behavior in schools which require their students to wear uniforms will be better than those schools which do not with respect to discipline and behavior.

This study will use existing empirical research. The…. [read more]

School Counseling Ethics Term Paper

… School Counseling

Ethics has been very much on the public mind for the past few years, beginning with stunning revelations of corporate ethical lapses, some of them consuming pensions (Enron), and others consuming lives (Bhopal, India). These are devastating lapses, but it might be argued that even more devastating are ethical lapses in counseling, and, more particularly, school counseling. Children and adolescents who seek or are forced into school counseling are arguably among the students most at risk for unethical -- not to say illegal -- behavior themselves. Therefore, it would seem essential on that basis alone to solve ethical dilemma issues for school counselors working with that population.

School counselors obtain their own training in dealing with ethical dilemmas during their education; therefore, it…. [read more]

Public Policy Making and the Policy Making Process Term Paper

… Public Policy-Making Process


Public policy-making or the policy-making process that occurs in governmental organizations is a complex process that involves many organizations and entities and is inclusive of several stages in the policy-making process. Charles Lindblom published an article entitled: "The Science of Muddling Through" in 1959 and is 'one of the most highly cited articles in the Social Science Citation Index" (Weiss and Woodhouse, 1992, p.267; as cited by Kantor, 2000) and continues to generate debate and insights into policy making which are valuable to analysts (e.g. Lessman, 1989; Weiss and Woodhouse, 1992; Albaek, 1995)

The Nature of Policy

The argument of Lindblom was that the process of policy development is both a systematic and rational process…. [read more]

Public vs. Private School Thesis

… ¶ … public vs. private schools. Parents, educators, and even politicians have joined the debate regarding public and private schools. Legislators have created legislation hoping to equalize the educational experience and millions of families homeschool their children or send them to private schools to avoid public schools at any cost. However, which type of school experience is better for children and their future? Studies indicate that situation, location, and even individual students and their characteristics weigh heavily in these decisions.

Public education has a long and varied history in America, and it began, at least in some areas of the country, almost as soon as colonists arrived and established towns and villages. Some religious sects, such as the Quakers and the Mennonites, created their own,…. [read more]

Education Class Size vs. School Term Paper

… Krueger and Whitmore based the study's data on African-American voucher students for the sake of comparison. Krueger and Whitmore found that students who had attended small classes "improved their test performance by around 50% more than the gain experienced by black students who attended a private school as a result of receiving a voucher."

According to Pathak et al. (2004): "The African-American voucher students were learning in the very educational climate that many policy analysts have long sought for public schools- a climate that is incredibly difficult to create when a state diverts substantial tax dollars to vouchers."

One of the most publicized reports on this topic is "Test-Score Effects of School Vouchers in Dayton, Ohio; New York City; and Washington, D.C.: Evidence From Randomized…. [read more]

Charter Schools vs. Public Essay

… However, considering the dynamics in the society, it is important that innovation is also presented in the teaching methods and curriculums as well.

Charter schools thrive on innovation. It is the ideology of their management which makes them stand out of the given pool of educational institutions. Since charter schools provide specialized knowledge, therefore they use innovative mediums to provide education. On the other hand, teachers are provided with autonomy to exercise their innovative ideas (which they deem suitable for the satisfying the needs of the students). Resultant is the customized yet effective teaching style which suits the learning needs of the students. Where there are various established theoretical models for teaching that are generally accepted and practices; there is always a room for improvement.…. [read more]

Compare and Contrast Public and Private Schooling Term Paper

… Education (Public & Private)

In the book, Rereading America, there is a chapter called "Learning Power: The Myth of Education and Empowerment" and in that chapter there are several interesting essays pointing out the differences (the good and the bad) between public and private schools. In the introduction to the chapter, prior to the essays, the authors assert that "...the American dream can work for anyone," and it all begins with the opportunity for learning - going to school and getting an education. And though the "dream" possibility may be true, there is a "myth" associated with the dream, the authors say. The myth is that education can do for us what "blind luck" can't do; and the truth is that education can help us,…. [read more]

Desecration of Public Education Research Paper

… Without quality public education, the youth will only learn skills needed for low profile jobs and will fail to play an active role in civil life. This is corporate oligarchy, not democracy (Davidson, 2010).

Lack of education can also lead to despotism or fascism which will directly kill democracy.

Purpose of Charter Schools

With the failing public education system, charter school system is thought of as the best alternative solution. This system is thought of as a necessary step in providing variety of approaches to students in learning numerous techniques.

The major components of this system of education are as follows:

Mayor's unique status of direct liability to all city residents

The transparency in the charter school agreement procedure

The system of providing results that…. [read more]

Zelman vs. Simmons Harris Term Paper

… Zelman vs. Simmons-Harris

The First Amendment of the Constitution dictates that all persons within the United States have the right to live their lives freely, according to their choosing, and without fear of persecution for any reason, whether on the grounds of religion, race or any other distinctive trait. The issue touched upon in the Zelman vs. Simmons-Harris case (2002) is indeed a constitutional one, but also one that is complicated and that can be viewed from either side. It appears however that the decision of the Supreme Court to allow public funds to be used for private schooling, whether religious or not, does to a certain degree defeat the inherently constitutional provision of non-discrimination and freedom of choice for all persons.

The impact of…. [read more]

Burlington School Comm. V. Mass Case Study

… While the Burlington case opened the vista to allow for the costs of private school education and evaluations to be reimbursed, especially where parents reject the IEP, and it has become the bedrock for claims in this regard, it is submitted that where the parents do not want to meet the standards of the FAPE -- the Florence County School District Four vs. Carter came following the Burlington case the court observed that the parent may choose a private school and are not obliged to show that the standard of the private school is as prescribed as long as the child makes progress (Weinfeld; Davis, 2008).

The law in this section is evolving, but the courts have begun to lay the boundaries for the claims,…. [read more]

School Choice Program Term Paper

… According to Witte (1996), "The general theory was devoid of any specification of exactly how schools would produce superior results. If competition alone is the impetus for improvement, then the mechanisms need not be spelled out. Market iteration will sort out schools for consumers based on superior production. Curriculum, organization, pedagogy, and governance structures of the superior schools will survive, and presumably become the models for other schools. Friedman's original proposal contained few specifics, which subsequent scholars and policy experts have argued are crucial in defining a viable voucher program and, more important, defining who might benefit from such a program. The design of a program will affect who benefits. A limited and targeted voucher program, such as the MPCP, may have the advantage of…. [read more]

Public School vs. Home Schooling Term Paper

… With recent advances in distance learning technology, more and more families are choosing to learn at home." (Internet Home School Website, 2003)

Internet offerings are vast, with everything from social societies that provide outreach and opinions with regards to home school concerns and solution to companies that provide whole home school curriculums that meet the standards in the state of origin or require little alteration to do so. (Home School World Website 2001) The internet site: a leading magazine, Home School World production that can assist individuals in achieving home school goals and also help answer some of the lingering questions and fears associated with home schooling children. The available information for home school advocates clearly increases the odds that any home school decision…. [read more]

Regal Obligations Owed by Private Research Proposal

… Private law is not broadly applicable or used as public law in its context in the United Kingdom. Private law is a private bill implemented to become law which is used on individuals or persons who are specified by the law who may include persons who have suffered bodily or financial harm arising out of action undertaken by the government or who are appealing against a deportation ruling made against them unlike public law which affects each and every single person or citizen of a country.

Britain's public laws are passed to become law by the UK parliament; they are cited using an abbreviation (Pub.L.), then a parliament number (002) and lastly the number of the law. Referring to books written by Aristides (2002) he…. [read more]

Trenton School the Environment Essay

… The Third Circuit also regulates Delaware, and most of Pennsylvania. There is a Federal District Court located in downtown Trenton. There is a constant battle between New Jersey and the Federal Government on what laws apply and what laws do not apply within the educational system within the state.

The U.S. Department of Education states that "education is primarily a state and local responsibility in the United States. It is States and communities, as well as public and private organizations of all kinds, that establish schools and colleges, develop curricula, and determine requirements for enrollment and graduation." The federal government influence however comes in the form of funding. Federal funding for education comes at the discretion of federal laws that promote this type of support.…. [read more]

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