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Impact of Persistence on Academic Success for Latino a College Students Dissertation

… ¶ … Latinos -- Introduction

It is widely understood that that Latino community is the fastest growing ethnic / cultural group in the United States. According to the U.S. Census data, California is among the states with fast rising numbers of Hispanics (most often alluded to in this paper as Latinos). As of 2006 in Los Angeles County Latinos comprise 47.3% of the population ( (U.S. Census); in Orange County Latinos comprise 32.9% of the population (U.S. Census). In other counties the percentages are startling, especially for those who are unaware of the rapid growth of Latinos. Kern County, close to Los Angeles, is 45.2% Latino; Monterey County (near the Bay Area) is 51.5% Latino; Riverside County is 42.2% Latino; San Bernardino County is 46%…. [read more]

Race and Labor Force Thesis

… Race and Labor Force in the Field of Accounting

This paper reviews statistics in three fields -- accounting, waiter/waitressing and commercial painters. Using the occupations and census report, the percentage of accountants that are White Americans, African-American, American Indian, Asian-American, and Hispanic-Americans will be determined. The gender division of this career field will also be denoted. These numbers will then be compared and contrasted to occupations from the service field and operators, fabricators and laborers fields -- waiter/waitressing and painters, respectively. These findings will be further analyzed in light of the articles written on race/ethnicity by Kirschenman and Neckerman, Newman and Ellis, and Kandel and Parrado.

Statistical Information for Accountants:

According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 1990 census report detailing occupations by race and gender,…. [read more]

Women and Gender Bias Thesis

… Women and Gender Bias

The purpose of the present paper is to discuss the implications of gender bias and the consequences of Affirmative Action. To be more specific, we will describe the effects which Affirmative action has on women and the principles for moving towards the equality of men.

Right from the beginning we could ask ourselves, taking into consideration the implications of Affirmative Action, the main principle under analysis, whether there is a clear understanding of it, as far as the roles and goals of women are concerned. Trying to answer this question will represent an important part of the paper.

Next, the Affirmative Action programs will be taken into consideration- with both their strengths and weaknesses, pros and cons. The third part of…. [read more]

Canada's Missing Women From 1964 Essay

… It is done by the prevailing party in a government through outlets including legislation and the media. This trend was historically seen in Germany with the Jews and the United States with African-Americans. In Canada, the victims of this practice are the native people, especially women.

Democratic racism began its inception into Canadian culture when the native people were forced off their land and into the cities to "integrate." In fact, this integration was really the creation of a lower working order to provide employees for the wealthy. This evidence can especially be seen in the many socioeconomic reports published about Canada. The bottom race regarding total income and employment has consistently been natives.

The effects of democratic racism in Canada can be summed up…. [read more]

Racism in Occupations Thesis

… African-Americans in the Field of Medicine: Social, Financial, Institutional, And Psychological Barriers

They call themselves 'the three doctors.' They are three African-American young men from the inner cities of Newark, the children of single mothers, all of whom became doctors. Their achievement is chronicled in their bestselling book The Pact: Three young men make a promise and fulfill a dream. These three fatherless young men were intellectually brilliant -- all tested high enough on a placement exam to attend University High, a magnet high school in Newark. However, without guidance at home, they cut classes and did not take academics seriously until they accidentally wandered into the school library and saw a presentation on Seton Hall University's scholarship for minorities in its Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Plus Program.…. [read more]

Representative System of Government Research Proposal

… Arrest Rates. In 1990, more than 10 million criminal counts were logged. Although only comprising 12% of the general population, arrest rates for blacks were disproportionate for every offense except drunken driving. Blacks, for instance, accounted for 61.2% of all robbery arrests, 54.7% of the suspects arrested for murder and manslaughter, and 43.2% in cases of rape. (Interestingly enough, the annual victimization survey conducted by the Census Bureau found that only 33.2% of the women who said they had been raped identified their attackers as black. Because the race of the rapist does not seem to affect whether a report will be forthcoming, this disparity suggests that attacks by whites are less apt to lead to arrests) (Ayres & Steven, 2008).

The racial disparity in…. [read more]

Chinese-American Women and Their Experiences With Discrimination Term Paper

… Chinese-American Women and Their Experiences With Discrimination in the Workplace

Case Summary, Methodology, and Literature Review

The Case of Chinese-American Women and Their Experiences with Discrimination in the Workplace: Persevering in the Face of Adversity and Its Price

Analysis using theoretical constructs from the literature review

This analysis concerns the experiences of a professional Chinese-American young woman, "Sue," employed at "Flexco," discussed further below. For the purpose of analysis, I address this question: "What types of experiences did Sue encounter at Flexco that suggested she was being discriminated against as an Asian-American in general and a Chinese woman in particular and are these practices widespread in the American workplace today?

Background and Overview.

The positive manner in which the vast majority of Asian-Americans are treated…. [read more]

Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Thesis

… Equal Employment Opportunity, Affirmative Action

Affirmative Action

This brief study examines the issue of the policies of Affirmative Action and the policies of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Findings in this brief study demonstrate that Affirmative Action policies are outdated and are in a need of review due to the unforeseen and reverse discrimination perpetrated by these policies which were intended to mitigate and eradicate discriminatory practices.



Human Resource Management's role is critically important in terms of the equal opportunity for employment and specifically in regards to affirmative action in the hiring process as well as in other areas of relations with employees of the organization. Affirmative Action was very important and greatly needed at…. [read more]

Race and the Workforce: Occupational Status, Aspirations Article Review

… Race and the Workforce: Occupational Status, Aspirations, and Stereotyping among African-American Children)

The purpose of the present paper is to provide a critical review of an article written by Rebecca S. Bigler, Cara J. Avenhart and Linn S. Liben, called "Race and the workforce: occupational status, aspirations and stereotyping between African-American children." There has been a lot of interest to discover the manner in which racial prejudice touches people's lives, especially in the case of the categories which are usually worst affected, namely the African-Americans. The purpose of this research article was to see if the perceptions held by African-American children regarding occupational status and their vocational interests were somehow influenced by the racial segregation of the workforce.

The researchers wished to see whether the…. [read more]

Women and the Glass Ceiling the Disparities Term Paper

… ¶ … Women and the glass ceiling

The disparities in terms of opportunities, advancement and position between men and women in the workplace are a well-known and much debated issue in sociological discourse. This is due to the fact that hindrances to female advanceman or the "glass ceiling" is related to central sociological concepts and to the analysis of the way that societies are constructed by ideological as well as class and gender issues. As one researcher states; "It is well documented that women are less likely than men to exercise authority in their jobs... Yet the causes of this gender difference in authority have received little attention...." (Hopcroft R. 1996)

These disparities in the sexes and the glass ceiling phenomenon are intimately linked to…. [read more]

Solution to Illegal Immigration Essay

… Solution to Illegal Immigration

The problem of illegal immigration: Enforcement vs. amnesty

At present, America is polarized between two camps -- those who advocate more creative enforcement of currently existing immigration laws and those who advocate more tolerance and a path to citizenship for long-standing, hard working illegal immigrants. Two main strategies exist for dealing with the problem of illegal immigration: that of stringent enforcement vs. A kind of flexible 'guest worker' or amnesty program that allows some currently illegal workers to continue to work within the United States and/or eventually obtain citizenship. Both sides argue that their position is more in line with the true spirit of the 'American way of life,' is more economically sustainable and is more 'just' to immigrants who become…. [read more]

Race Class Gender Journal

… Race, Class & Gender

Color-Blind Racism and Gender-Blind Sexism

Reviewed in this journal:

"Racism in Toyland" by Christine L. Williams

"The Indignities of Unemployment" by Kenneth W. Brown

"Soft' Skills and Race" by Philip Moss and Chris Tilly

"The Invisible Poor" by Katherine W. Newman

"Our Mother's Grief: Racial-Ethnic Women and the Maintenance of Families" by Bonnie Thorton Dill

I believe, it is largely true that the United States has made great strides in overcoming racial and ethnic prejudices, especially in the form of institutional discrimination, in the decades following the Civil Rights era. But it is totally far-fetched when people assume that we are far away from the excesses of racism and sexism. Class-based discrimination today is as problematic as ever was, and racism…. [read more]

Education Advocacy Issues Massive Institutional Research Paper

… • Developing a strong democracy through a truly innovative and progressive curriculum that will empower the students and assist more of them in moving on to higher education. This curriculum will emphasize civics and active participation of citizens in political and economic life, as well as the history and contemporary struggles of the poor, minorities and the working class.

• Changes in pedagogy that will move-away from the teacher-centered to the student-centered classroom and more active participation of students and parents in the learning process, as well as the school administration and the development of the curriculum.

• Seek more state, federal and private funding for improved textbooks and other learning resources, computers, school supplies and laboratory equipment.

States paid about 50% of the budgets…. [read more]

Racial Prejudices Thesis

… Racial Prejudice

The Creation and Perpetuation of racial Prejudice: The automatic Response of a Racial Society

Most societies today are multicultural and multiethnic, containing individuals with different geographic, historic, and religious backgrounds as well as different skin colors. This does not mean that most societies are "racial," however, that is dominated or typified by different stratifications dependent on these different backgrounds, and more specifically on the skin colors that accompany them. The United States, however, is in many ways still very much a racist society. Though the so-called Jim Crow laws of the South have been formally and officially abolished, racist attitudes and practices still persist explicitly in many regions, and implicitly in the national psyche and political systems.

Albert Einstein once said, "Few people…. [read more]

Working and Leisure Essay

… Sociology: Work and Leisure

Working and Leisure

Purpose of Writing Book

The book "The Dignity of Working Men: Morality and the Boundaries of Race, Class and Immigratio" is written to study how working-class men are defined by themselves and the society. This serves as the main purpose for the author Michele Lamont to have written this book. The book investigates importance given to the moral standards and the rigidity of racial and class restrictions. The purpose of writing this book is also to find what social benefits do working-class men get since they do not have any college degrees and have very rare chances of getting high-paying jobs (About the Book, the Dignity of Working Men, n.d).

Was Purpose Fulfilled

The book successfully studies comparison…. [read more]

Poetry About Struggle: The African-American Essay

… " The poem famously opens with a rhetorical question: "What happens to a dream deferred?" Then it lists various possibilities for the deferred dream. Although it is not specifically stated that the poem is about the African-American experience in the text of the poem, the title of the poem makes it clear.

Various striking images are used to characterize African-American's deferred dreams in the Hughes poem. "Does it dry up/like a raisin in the sun?" Implicit in the image of the dried, beaten-down raisin in the sun is that of a slave working in the cotton fields, drying up. The slave metaphor is further reinforced by the question. "Or [Does it] fester like a sore -- / And then run?" This refers to the attempts…. [read more]

Ethnic Social Groups Essay

… What is necessary is concrete research that identifies the African-American identity as a whole, rather than just discrimination.

The legal system by many African-Americans is considered biased against blacks. Racial profiling and arrest rates are higher than any other ethnic groups in the United States. In recent years media has also focused its attention on the nationwide practice of racial profiling by the law enforcement agencies. For example, on a highway in Maryland, only 20% of the drivers were African-American, yet they rounded up to about 77% of the drivers who were stopped and searched (Harris, 2000, p. 262).

The governor of New Jersey admitted that the police officers in his state were practicing racial profiling (Harris, 2000, p. 262). African-American at some level or…. [read more]

Nickel and Dream People Essay

… They are the kinds of occupations that no one really wants to take but that someone must do. These are necessary occupations which are completely unglamorous and do not personally satisfy the worker. Still the person gets the job and goes to work every day. Ehrenreich explains that they work while hurt or sick or hungry because they must earn every cent they can and are in occupations where any time off lessens their paycheck. People in positions of poverty are just as prohibited from achieving the American Dream as African-Americans were before the 1960s. Some people find themselves without money and without homes not because of a lack of ability, lack of intelligence, or lack of drive. Rather it is a matter of the…. [read more]

Stratification and What Evidence Essay

… Researchers, such as Kahneman and Tversky, demonstrated that rationality was reducible to mental heuristics, and prejudice came to be considered as an inevitable outcome of cognitive schemas (namely cognitive structures that guide information processing). This cognitive approach -- still cited in standard psychology textbooks (such as Weiten, 2007) as source for stereotypes and prejudice) is the theoretical basis that underlies prejudice-associated interventions. Many sociologists and psychologists believe that prejudice is a product of evolutionary heuristics that cause us to stereotype in order to separate our group from another.

Political power

In another way we can explain the above with the Marxist and Weberian theory of political power where the dominant class -- which happens to be White in Australia -- holds political power due to…. [read more]

Understanding the Philosophy in Qualitative Research Essay

… This secondary data is often in the form of extant documentation and also earlier research that has generally been conducted by others. The purpose of this secondary data analysis is to carry out a process called triangulation, in which disparate data sources are examined to learn if and how the data may fit with the information being gathered from other sources.

Qualitative data is analyzed for patterns and themes that form the basis for thematic statements about the lived experiences of the study participants. If a qualitative study is grounded theory, then the data is used to search for a theory. However, a phenomenological study focuses on descriptions and first person accounts of the perceived experiences of the study participants (Saka-Helmhout, 2007). Typically, representative or…. [read more]

Employment Discrimination in Regards to Promotion Research Paper

… Employment Discrimination in Regards to Promotion

America is a country rich in diverse cultures from the Indians, Whites, Asian, Hispanic, Blacks and other minority group like the Arabs. With this diverse culture, there is the need to have cohesion among them for the country to move forward. Discrimination is a major setback to the growth of United States. This paper focuses on employment discrimination as a form of discrimination. Employee discrimination is a practice which eats up the economy of a country. A country cannot be sufficiently competitive with other nations with the increase in discrimination. For a country to maintain their competitiveness, it must utilize its entire workforce regardless of their color, race, religion, age, sex or disability. Employment discrimination has been on the…. [read more]

Asian American Person's Life Set in a Historical Context Term Paper

… Asian-American Person's Life set in a Historical Context

This paper provides an overview of the life of an Asian-American, set in a historical context. Specifically, the researcher correlates the life experiences of the interviewee, Ping Wang, with the historical information Takaki (1998) and Kurashige and Murray (2002) speak of in their respective works. Through her hard work and dedication, Wang is an ideal example of how many Asian-Americans first struggled after immigrating to the United States. However, Wang's story is also a story of victory, one that demonstrates just how far the Asian-American people have come since the late 1800s.

Ping Wang's interview correlates with the historical records related to immigrants migrating to the United States during the 19th century. Mrs. Wang was born in…. [read more]

Chicano Latino Community Term Paper

… Chicano/Latino Community

According to the NHLBI Information Center, there has been a great increase in the Latino population of Washington DC over the years from 1980 to 1990. Specifically, the population group doubled in the area, raising from 3 to 6% of the population in the area. Currently the Latino population features as the largest cultural and linguistic minority in the city. The majority of this population originate from Central America, with other large percentages of Mexican origin, an a third percentage identifying themselves as Hispanic, but not from South American or Mexican origin.

In terms of education, a large percentage of the Latino community has not finished high school. Specifically, 36% of adult Latinos residing in Washington have less than a high school education.…. [read more]

Discrimination Within Resort and Hotel Settings Term Paper

… Discrimination within resort and hotel settings is a common occurrence for several reasons. First, discrimination is intrinsically tied to the class of individuals who occupy and visit the destination. Second, the class system and tier of access pertaining to the specific destination. Finally, the cultural implications of the individuals who both own and occupy the resort destination. In the case study of the Baderman Islands resort destination, managers must ensure that discrimination does not occur on two separate fronts. In the first case, discrimination against employees might arise due to both hiring procedures and contradictory treatment of employees. In the second, treatment of customers based on their economic, social or cultural distinction. The following will examine what types of discrimination may be evident within this…. [read more]

National Economic Effects of Government Essay

… The skills necessities, additional, frequently discriminate against women, whereas women's contribution in the labour force might also be incomplete in their nation of source. Some propose that one of the more clear procedures of discrimination can be originated in the depositor or business immigrant group, which permits wealthy persons to efficiently buy admission to Canada by bringing important monetary capital into the national economy. Such chances are merely obtainable to advantaged economic classes, and deprived of to those of incomplete income and wealth.

It is significant to communicate that the Points System simply goes along with one class of immigrants. Persons may settle to Canada under the family and refugee groups and, as such, are not obligatory to meet inceptions of education, employment skill, or…. [read more]

Race Feminism Essay

… ¶ … race is a social, political and ideological construct. Explain the projects of critical race feminism. How have critical race feminists such as bell hooks, Beverly Guy-Sheftall and others explored the history and conditions of slavery, colonialism / neocolonialism, racism and patriarchies to understand the effects of these historical and contemporary forces on the lives of women of color and Black women in particular?

The catalyzing book for modern, Second Wave feminism in America is widely regarded as Betty Friedan's the Feminine Mystique. This book chronicled the frustrated aspirations of women living in the suburbs, women who had been educated in college yet found themselves frustrated and depressed by the enforced, feminine role they had to play in the postwar nuclear family. Some women…. [read more]

Understanding Hate and Prejudice Term Paper

… ¶ … prejudice in the workplace. Specifically it will discuss what the differences are between prejudice, discrimination, and scapegoating, and how prevalent anti-Semitic views are in the workplace and in America today. Prejudice in the workplace is a common problem in America, and preventing it should be the goal of every person in the country. Prejudice simply indicates misunderstanding, ignorance, and bias, and it has no place in the workplace, or in the country, for that matter.

Prejudice, discrimination, and scapegoating are all aspects of racial prejudice that can affect Americans and their workplaces today. Prejudice occurs when one individual or group is not tolerant of another individual or group because of race, gender, or religious views. Discrimination occurs when a person is "punished" or…. [read more]

Minority Women and Employment Term Paper

… Minority Women and Employment

Although the media has come a long way during the past few decades, there is still inequity among television programming and ethnic stereotyping within the media in general, and many feel that ethnic women, in particular, are feeling the effects as it concerns employment and other opportunities.

According to former Discovery Networks President Johnathan Rodgers, there are 38 million African-Americans and 41 million Hispanics in the United States, and the 24-54 demographic spends about $4 billion annually on cable fees, yet there is only one Black channel, and two major Spanish-language networks from which to choose (Analysis pp). With his new network, Rodgers plans to attract African-American women, saying, "Our sweet spot is a 38-year-old African-American women" (Analysis pp). As America's…. [read more]

Blacks or African-American Groups Term Paper

… One concern about society has to do with health issues. The infant mortality rate for blacks in America is one of the highest in the world, higher than any industrialized country, and higher even than some third world countries. Black children in the 1-4 age range have mortality rates twice that of white children. Black teenagers have mortality rates 10 times that of whites, and homicide is a leading cause of death. Black adults have a mortality rate 30 to 40% more than whites. The death rates may have something to do with the fact that, percentage-wise, there are fewer blacks now in America than during slavery.

Inevitably, having the lowest paying jobs most Blacks are forced to live in the slums of the cities.…. [read more]

Reconstruction After Civil War Term Paper

… To do this, they shaped Black Codes. While Codes were exclusive to the post-Civil War south, they encompassed some of the antebellum limits on free blacks, northern apprenticeship laws, and the Freedmen's Bureau and the War Department policy. Codes regulated civil and legal rights, from marriage to the right to hold and sell property to the destined definition of African-Americans as agricultural laborers.

Laws were different in each state but most personified the same kinds of restrictions. Commonly, codes compelled freedmen to work. In many states, if unemployed, African-Americans faced the potential of being arrested and charged with vagrancy. Many of those that did work had their day synchronized. Codes dictated Black Codes left African-Americans with little freedom. Even the freedom to chose a type…. [read more]

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