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Reading Strategies Impact on ELL ESL Students Capstone Project

… ¶ … Reading Strategies' Impact on ELL Students

Today, more than 2 million students from non-English-speaking backgrounds attend public school in the United States and their numbers are expected to triple by 2020. The research to date confirms that these students require support in their native languages as well as in English to achieve academic proficiency, but far too few English language learners (ELLs) are receiving the level of educational support that is required. In this environment, identifying improved strategies for facilitating English language acquisition represents a timely and valuable enterprise. There are a number of challenges that are involved, but the mandates are clear. The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, signed into law January 2002, placed renewed emphasis, urgency, and expectations on all…. [read more]

ELL Language Acquisition in English Language Learners Term Paper


Language Acquisition in English Language Learners


Language Acquisition in English Language Learners

The United States is a country of immigrants, and has been since its inception. However, until relatively recently, immigration did not pose a significant problem for the United States educational system or for many Americans because of the rigid cultural and social expectations for immigrants. New immigrants were expected to assimilate aspects of American culture, especially speaking English, as quickly as possible. Furthermore, schools were not responsible for teaching a new language to immigrant children; on the contrary, these students were expected to learn, in English, even if they did not know any English at all. The task of English acquisition was often left to members of individual immigrant communities. Non-English…. [read more]

Reading Disabilities in Arab Students Attending Non-Arabic Schools Term Paper

… Education, Reading Disorders

Reading disabilities in Arab students attending non-Arabic schools

Reading disabilities pose one of the greatest threats to a child's learning, since all other subjects become reliant on comprehension as education progresses. English as a second language (ESL) students have additional needs, since their knowledge of language has been shaped differently than children who speak English as their native language. Arabic children in particular may struggle in the English-speaking classroom because of the drastically different systems of speech, reading, and learning in English and Arabic language. Further, some evidence exists that Arabic children suffer from reading disabilities more often than other children due to consanguineous marriages. Due to these possible genetic issues, cultural and language differences, and the struggles inherent in all ESL…. [read more]

Music on Vocabulary Competence, Writing Thesis

… According to Medina (1993) use of music is a sure way of teaching and has been proven to foster language acquisition and production. Music assists English language learners thereby making them more successful in acquisition (Jalongo & Bromley, 1984). They assert in the article Developing Linguistic Competence through Song that it is ideal in introduction of new words, cultural aspects as well as accents. This makes it a useful instructional tool in an English class room. Music contains language that is natural, easy to acquire and enjoyable, it can, therefore, be selected to suit particular needs and interest of learners, such as relating the lyrics to everyday real life situation.

Music has the ability to offer enjoyable communication including listening and vocabulary practice. In the…. [read more]

Service Providers on Special Student Research Paper

… There is considerable evidence indicating that school characteristics such as inflexible scheduling, culturally insensitive environments, rigid instructional strategies, ineffective special student engagement, and poor curriculum design which fails to recognize cultural differences and values, inhibit academic achievement-especially among low-performing special students (Giroux, 1994; Hixson & Tinzmann, 1990; Klem & Connell, 2004; Richardson & Colfer, 1990). Unlike the environmental factors previously mentioned, educational service providers nonetheless have considerable influence over delivery of services with respect to curriculum, scheduling, text selection, and instructional strategies. Of particular interest to this researcher are instructional strategies-specifically, pedagogical practices that provide support for special students -- and how low-performing and high-performing special students might perceive them differently.

This chapter presents a synthesis of the literature as it relates to the role…. [read more]

Improve Reading Skills Case Study

… ¶ … Improving Reading Skills

Reading and ESL Students

Multiculturalism in the Curriculum


Writing Assessment

Fry Graph

Instructional Implications

Lesson Plans

Scholarly Justifications

Reading and ESL Students - the way humans communicate and share ideas and concepts in society is quite complex. How are ideas conceptualized -- how are they explained -- how does discourse relate- and how do humans understand messages -- what is true about language- what is not? These are just some of the issues surrounding theories of language acquisition and development. By the time students arrive in school, unless intervention has occurred at a lower primary age, they have not only been subjected to numerous types of language acquisition, but because of the preponderance of global media and social networking,…. [read more]

Education the English Language Learner Essay

… Teachers should not be afraid to let students use their primary language in the classroom, nor should they resist using that language themselves to help advance instructional goals. Students should never be scolded for using a language other than English, but rather encouraged and rewarded for their attempts to use their new language (General Principles for Teaching ELL Students, n.d.).

Parents of English Language Learner (ELL) or English as a Second Language (ESL) students tend have significant challenges with communication that impact their everyday lives. Accommodating these parents is a challenge for school administrators, and even more so when disabilities are an issue. Ensuring effective communication between the school and the parents is essential in order to meet the child's educational needs and goals. The…. [read more]

Special Education Referral Processes for Haitian Students Literature Review

… ¶ … R-Questions to build the literature review.

What were the perceptions of teachers regarding the existing identification and referral process for ELLs and learning-disabled students?

What were the perceptions of the existing identification and referral process for ELLs as reported by parents of these students?

What gaps existed between the existing identification and referral process for ELLs and the ideal process?

What were the best practices of ELL identification and referral that prevent misidentification of ELLs as learning-disabled?

What recommendations can be offered to the school to improve assessment and referral processes for the evaluation of language-instruction needs among Haitian students at the schools?

Nadia's current chapter outline:

Review of the Literature

ELLs: Demographic and Academic Trends

Assessment Concerns


The Prevention of Misidentification…. [read more]

Teacher's Roles in Teaching English to High School Students in Relation to Language Proficiency Research Proposal

… Teaching Methods

Teacher's Roles in Teaching English to High School Students in Relation to Language Proficiency

Students with English as a second language (ESL) make up a substantial amount of the people of this nation's schools. This presents an exclusive task for teachers as they struggle to aid these students succeed in learning the English language and the educational material detailed in the content area learning principles. The purpose of this study is to determine what the roles are that teachers play in teaching ESL to high school students and what requirements must be met in order to fulfil these roles. The primary role of ESL teachers is to teach English to students who speak another language as their primary language and keep in connection…. [read more]

Curriculum Laws and Gifted Education Essay

… Curriculum Development

What historical or political occurrences do you think have most influenced current curriculum design?

The social and political history of the United States has always had an influence on schools and the curricula schools devise for their students. An article in New Straits Times (2005) reflects the fact that "…mounting levels of obesity" has raised concerns about schools and what they are teaching regarding good health habits. In the article the World Health Organization (WHO) reports over 300 million people worldwide are obese, and the lack of physical education and good health education in American schools was cited as partly to blame. Hence, curricula in some schools have added nutrition and physical health activities to regular classroom content.

In the website the…. [read more]

NCLB and ELL Students Term Paper

… ¶ … No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act passed in 2001 was intended to create better accountability in the schools and produce better outcomes for public education. Although the federal government has vehemently defended the legislation, critics contend that NCLB does very little to improve outcomes for students. Additionally, scholars have maintained that for children with special needs -- i.e. learning disabilities, ELL/ESL learners, etc. -- NCLB has created signification gaps that remain difficult for public schools to close.

With the realization that NCLB has had a number of negative and unintended consequences, there is a direct impetus to consider the problems that have developed as a result of this legislation. Using this as a basis for research, this investigation considers the No Child Left…. [read more]

Maps to Increase Comprehension Article

… Studies involved in the synthesis involved students in grades K-12 who had been identified as learning disabled. The studies were either treatment-comparison design or single-group design. The treatment within the designs was the use of graphic organizers which either displayed concept relationships within the text or provided an outline or overview of the text. Reading comprehension was identified as one of the dependent variables.

Kim. (2004) concluded that the use of graphic organizers to visually depict information enhanced the reading comprehension of learning disabled students. Graphic organizers helped students organize information which ultimately improved the recall of it. In a similar synthesis of research, Anderson, Yilmaz, and Washburn-Moses (2004) identified and examined academic interventions which were applicable to various content areas. They acknowledged the need…. [read more]

How language and scaffolding techniques help ELL students Chapter

… (6.2)
Social Studies'-'Understanding explanations without concrete referents
Listen to a verbal'explanation of the causes of World War II.
ELL Scaffolding: Written outline with vocabulary

' PICK 2 SUBJECTS. Fill in the content column with examples for the functions that apply
' In the ELL column describe what scaffolding is needed for ELLs
What ELL Scaffolding is needed?

1. Understanding explanations
listen to key facets and techniques
listen carefully for important side notes

create a written outline

2. Listening for specific information

listen to all the specifications of formulas

focus on opening and concluding sentences
have a visual aid outline

3. Understanding explanations without concrete referents

Listen to a verbal'explanation of the causes of World War II

Written…. [read more]

Bilingual Education Thesis

… Constitutional Law

Bilingual Education

The number of English language learning (ELL) students in the United States has increased dramatically over the last decade. According to a 1991 national study, there are over 2,300,000 students in grades K. through 12 who are classified as English language learners. This number has grown by over 1,000,000 since 1984. 73% f these students are Spanish-speakers, followed by Vietnamese-speakers at 3.9%. Because the overwhelming proportions of ELL students are Spanish speakers, the issue of bilingual education is largely a Latino one. No other language group makes up more than 4% of limited English proficient students. What complicates the issue of education for language minority students is their low socioeconomic status. 80% of ELL students are poor, and most attend schools…. [read more]

Differentiated Instruction Research Proposal

… Differentiated Instruction in the Classroom

Students in the classroom have varied abilities and learn at varying rates which makes differentiation of instruction a practice that supports the learning of all students. This work explores what differentiation of instruction is and what it is not with a particular focus on differentiated instruction in the science classroom.

Most teachers currently use the direct instruction approach and not all students are on the same level so achievement is not up to standards for all students.

The use of direct instruction in science classes doesn't allow adequate learning for all students.

The purpose of this project is to....determine the relationship between measures of student achievements in science classes in grades 9-12 and implementation of differentiated instruction over a period…. [read more]

Language Development & Career Decisions Proposal

… Most importantly, the students will feel confident while making the choice for career options.

Organizational Context beyond the Site

The project will involve creation of an informative curriculum guide along with classroom Powerpoint presentation to explain the guide in a visual manner for educators seeking innovative ways to help their students acquire English proficiency while assimilating into American culture. Improvement of strategies and ideas will include the following:

(A) Planning and implementing lessons in partnership with ELL educators, school administrators and ESL professionals will present a model curriculum that can be followed by other schools as well in order to help ELL students excel in learning; and (B) Co-teaching decision-making strategies and models will promote teamwork…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act and Its Effect on English Language Learners Term Paper

… No Child Left Behind Act and Its Effect on English Language Learners

No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 and Its Effect on English Language Learners

The United States is no longer a "melting pot, but has rather emerged in the 21st century as a "salad bowl" where many minorities may not readily become as assimilated into mainstream American society as in years past. The implications of these trends for the public school system in the U.S. has been profound, particularly in view of the recent mandates established by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (hereinafter "NCLB," or alternatively, "the Act"). According to Arce, Luna, Borjian and Conrad, "Proponents of the No Child Left Behind Act claim that its mission is to close…. [read more]

TESOL: Materials and Course Design Essay

… , 2009).

When TESOL students are taught to interpret graphs, tables, websites, maps, diagrams as well as other visual representations, it shows that visual literacy has been developed. As students understand, think seriously, give out opinions and talk about images and items, it shows that viewing is incorporated into verbal communication and inscription actions. As the students look towards diagrams plus other graphics in line with a tactic for understanding language, developing vocabulary and gathering knowledge, viewing helps in understanding comprehension (Cloud et al., 2009).

TESOL instruction should incorporate representing in approaches besides writing. The instructor can get a chance to evaluate understanding and build up necessary verbal communication abilities and aid in developing comprehension abilities through representing, like, communicating meaning with the help of…. [read more]

ICT, SA, and Oral Practice Essay

… However, all these studies reached one unified conclusion: using ICT helps the students to gain understanding of the text given, helps in visualizing it and interpreting difficult texts. Furthermore, ICT, makes the learner to have creative imagination and have a real life vision of the text. All these tools if used properly helps in gaining a greater understanding of the language one is intending to learn. In order to have a thorough command of the language, one needs to have suitable understanding of the words and also how and when they are used. Furthermore, one also needs to have a command over ethics related to that particular language. Since using ICT helps in creating a life like experience and makes them have a real exposure;…. [read more]

Analyzing Research Ethics Paper Essay

… Alka Johar

EDD 9972- Milestone

Dr. Jodi Owens-Kristenson


Human Participant Risk

Philosophical, Legal, and Moral Base

General Implication for the Professional Projects

Specific Implication Related to Capstone Project

Site Permission

Philosophical, Legal, and Moral Base

General Implication for the Professional Projects

Specific Implication Related to Capstone Project

Conflict of Interest

Philosophical, Legal, and Moral Base

General Implication for the Professional Projects

Specific Implication Related to Capstone Project

Intellectual Property

Philosophical, Legal, and Moral Base

General Implication for the Professional Projects

Specific Implication Related to Capstone Project


Philosophical, Legal, and Moral Base

General Implication for the Professional Projects

Specific Implication Related to Capstone Project



Teachers have a huge impact in the classroom when it is ethical, credible and has their…. [read more]

Professional Report upon Completing a Co Op Book Report

… I want my service to be one that people can count on. I can do this by taking steps each day to build my brand and my reputation in the business community. I can set aside time every day also to read up on strategies for increasing my positive contributions to the hospitality sector. Increasing my learning and continuing my education will also help me to achieve these goals.
I have really enjoyed this co-op and I would recommend it to anyone interested in getting a feel for what it is like in the real world of day to day business practices. Getting to meet real managers and workers and getting to interact with clients and students helps one to understand the pressures that others…. [read more]

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