Viewing papers 1-30 of 104 for reasons AND for AND ritual AND in AND native AND american AND traditions

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Native Mythology to North America Term Paper

… In contrast to what Christians and Catholics believe that the first man and woman were Adam and Eve and were created by God, the myths of Native Americans have diverse ideas on origin of the earth, as well as the origin of the first man and woman. Some people believe that the earth came from the mud brought back by a person who dived in the ocean. Others, on the other hand, say that the earth is on the back of a giant turtle (Oaklamia, 2003). The first man and woman were said to came from a cave, or that they were brought on earth by a hero to assess them on how they can manage the earth.

In the myths that we have inherited…. [read more]


Native Americans the Aleutian Islands Term Paper

… ' who owned titles and resources, while the commoners, although free, did not. The 'ruling class' did not, however, rule by divine right. Instead:

Inherited chiefly or elite status had to be validated by performance -- leadership of raids to acquire slaves and booty, management of trade and political alliances, and success in organizing food and wealth production by the corporate kin group. Successful 'rich men' organized feasts (potlatches) and ceremonies which served to redistribute goods and enhance personal and group... household size was thereby linked to potential political influence. (Crowell, unpaged)

There were also occupational and ritual classes, which included artists, shamans, whalers and the Alutiiq kas'at, or 'wise men.' The communities supported these specialists, especially the shamans. (Crowell, unpaged)

While the political arrangements…. [read more]


Reasons for Ritual in Native American Traditions Essay

… ¶ … Ritual in Native American Traditions

The Impenetrability of the Native American Mind

Donald Lee Fixico, a Native American author intending to introduce and defend the Indian worldview to a nonwhite audience states in his book the American Indian Mind that Native Americans such as himself, even after being socialized into white society, have a cultural worldview that is integrally and profoundly different than whites, a worldview that is anathema to the linearity and scientific rationalism endemic to white society. Viewing Native culture as such, even to defend the beauty and uniqueness a perspective that has been devalued by white society, may seem to run the risk of essentializing Native Americans and reducing native rituals cultures to museum pieces. According to editor and author…. [read more]


Native American Symbolic Rituals Three Term Paper

… At times there were dances that were common to the entire tribe and these could be performed by professional dancers and singers would accompany them.

Connection

The potlatch was the celebration that encompassed all of the ingredients of the totem pole and the Tamanawas. The three worked together to preserve the history and spiritual beliefs of the people who were attending them. The totem poles were representations of the various bands that cam to the celebration, and the various dances were performed, as mentioned above, to demonstrate the people's feelings about their totems and the rich cultural history. This three-pronged approach was a way for the people to connect with each other and their heritage.

Disbanding the Potlatch

Unfortunately, the Canadian and United States governments…. [read more]


Sacred Pipe Black Elk Essay

… Your kingdom come, Your will be done in earth, as it is in heaven." The Making of Relatives certainly speaks to the idea that all humans are part of God's creation. I wondered, then, and will read more of Black Elk's writings at a later date; how then did the Lakota people reconcile this oneness of humanity with the terrible way they were treated by the Westward Expansion into their territories, the bloody carnage, the slaughter of the buffalo, and the eventual "incarceration" onto reservations?

Chapter 7 (Preparing for Womanhood) -- When one studies other cultures, one often finds that there are sacred rituals that help prepare what we would call adolescents into adults. Each culture has a different set of rituals, but all seem…. [read more]


Southwest Native Americans Essay

… Southwest Native Americans

Long before the Spanish had set foot on American soil, Native American tribes had been living a thriving life on the continent. The Pueblo people have gotten their name from the Spanish conquerors most probably because of their houses (which had been named pueblos) and the adobe material used for building them. The Pueblos are organized into several tribes around the Southwest deserts. Unlike all most of the Native Americans that have been chased away from their homes, the Pueblos peacefully lived in their homeland and still live today. (Frances Levine)

The Pueblo history goes back to the time of basket makers, approximately 1000 BC when the nomad tribes of hunters and gatherers had decided to settle down. Some of the first…. [read more]


Culturally Responsive After School Programs for Native American Youth White Paper

… Culturally Responsive Programs

Culturally-Responsive After School Programming

Native American youth are too often overlooked when social workers are crafting programs that reach "at risk" populations. While those programs are generally available to youth in need without regard to ethnicity, Native American youth may have particular challenges and needs that go unmet unless programs are specifically targeted at them. In the state of California, where the second largest population of Native Americans can be found, some innovative after-school and outdoor adventure programs have emerged. These programs were formed with Native Americans specifically in mind as a target population; as a result, they are better able to focus on specific needs and expectations associated with that population. This essay will begin with an overview of the Native…. [read more]


Native American Literature the Themes Term Paper

… The snakes thrust against Ama's house are then a sign of the relative luck experienced later, when the panther is killed. This luck manifests itself when Ama is not convicted of the crime, and is free to go home.

This kind of dichotomy in imagery also shows that all things are seen in a dual way by the tribe. No purely good or evil qualities are imposed upon any single thing, in the way that Westerners would do. This is also an idea perpetuated in Sacred Hoop. All things are part of an eternal cycle, during which both good and bad occurs, while no pure good or pure bad can be connected perpetually to one thing.

The Tree and the Storm

Close to Ama's house…. [read more]


American Religious History Term Paper

… American Religious History

Both Laurence Moore's book Touchdown Jesus. The Mixing of Sacred and Secular in American History and the collection of texts in the book entitled Major Problems in American Religious History: Documents and Essays, edited by Patrick Allitt, focus on the same subject: the multicultural environment created both by the colonization of the Americas and by the present day immigration on the United States territory, and the religious problems that the multicultural mix-up creates. Moreover, the texts under discussion note the recurrent clashes that take place between the democratic political system and the religious doctrines and beliefs. The authors interpret these problems slightly different, but their commentaries share a common point-of-view, which they subsequently demonstrate: colonization of the Americas brought not only political…. [read more]


Religious Traditions of Native American Essay

… The rite of passage from childhood to adolescence is a significant period in an individual's life that warrants special recognition and therefore becomes a reason for the community to celebrate. Rites of passage rituals are actually a main ritual both religiously and culturally. More than just celebrating the individual's journey towards adulthood, rituals celebrating adolescence period also recognize the individual's potential to contribute and prolong his/her community's culture and traditions. Judaism marks this through the Bar Mitzvah, wherein a celebration is held for boys and girls who have reached the puberty/adolescent age of 13 and 12, respectively. The rite of passage is just one example and manifestation of how cultural rituals are strongly integrated in religious traditions not only in Native American religious, but other…. [read more]


Freemasons Contributions to Today's Society Essay

… Freemasons Contributions to Today's Society

Depending on perspective, Freemasons have either been a widely misunderstood group of people who have made invaluable contributions to American society, or a group of people whose primary goal is to destroy Christianity, and, perhaps, bring about Armageddon. There is evidence to support the idea that Freemasons were an invaluable part of the beginning of America; after all, army leader and first President George Washington was a Freemason. In contrast, there is no evidence to support the idea that the Freemasons are a secret-society whose goal is to destroy Christianity. However, the fact that many of the Founding Fathers were Freemasons does not save the group from suspicion. One must recall that the Founding Fathers all came from the upper-class…. [read more]


Origins of Scalping Revealed Term Paper

… Origins of Scalping Revealed

The European origins of Scalping

The common perception of the North American Indian that has remained dominant in popular culture is that they were the originators of the horrific practice and ritual of scalping.

Before the 1960s most Americans believed that scalping was a distinctive military custom of the American Indians. History books and the popular media all attributed scalping to Indians, who collected the scalplocks of enemies as war trophies and proof of their valor in battle.

Encyclopedia of North American Indians)

However this perception has been questioned on a number of levels, including opposing views from archeological, anthropological historical data sources. The evidence points to the fact that scalping did not originate on the North American continent, but rather…. [read more]


Pocahontas Through the Ages Robert Term Paper

… The goal now would be to invent a heroic past, to establish a place in history, to sustain and support the young nation as it begins to take shape, and to ensure a great future. Tilton writes,

It was a rare occurrence during the first two decades of the nineteenth-century when a reference to the colonial past was not made to fit into the tapestry of the national prehistory, especially when an event could easily be read as in some way preparatory to the founding of a nation. (48)

An earlier willingness to tolerate Indian-American marriages for the sake of land acquisition would no longer be useful in the newly formed United States, and the Pocahontas-Rolfe story-line almost immediately began to crumble. In fact, Rolfe,…. [read more]


Blackfeet Nation Indians Term Paper

… Obesity is another healthcare concern. Over one-third of all Indians are overweight. This can be attributed to a change in eating habits in the last 30 years. Native Americans may also have a genetic predisposition to diabetes. Indians are more likely to have diabetes than any other racial group in the world (Broussard).
Language and Preservation of Culture
Darrell Kipp returned to the Reservation 20 years ago to reconnect with his culture and was surprised to learned that there were few fluent speakers of Piegan, the Blackfeet language. Those that did speak the language were more than 60 years old (Nijhuis). This prompted Kipp and a few fellow Indians to found the Piegan Institute. This organization is nonprofit and works to restore and preserve Native…. [read more]


Peace Keepers of the Northeast Research Proposal

… Peace Keepers of the Northeast: The Iroquois Indians

The Iroquois Indians were a large group of various indian tribes who resided along side the Genesee River, the Mohawk River, and the Lake Ontario regions in New York around 1600. Iroquois is a French word used to mean "a large family." It is not solely one tribe or group of Indians, yet it was a vast series of various tribes, all of who shared a similar culture and language. Five large Iroquois tribes joined together to form a confederacy which was called the League of Five Nations. The five tribes who formed this confederation were the Mohawk, the Oneida, the Cayuga, and the Seneca. Later the addition of the Tuscarora tribe made it the League of…. [read more]


Shaman as a Spiritual Specialist in Indigenous Cultures Thesis

… Shaman as a Spiritual Specialist in Indigenous Cultures

The Shaman as a Spiritual Specialist

Exploring the world of the shaman and shamanic perceptions of reality means that we have to question many of the assumptions and views that we have of life and reality. In order to understand the reality that the shaman inhabits we have to 'bracket' our modern views of the way that human beings relate to the world and to nature. By this I mean that many of the common modern scientific views of the world and of what reality is are put into doubt when we explore the shamanic world view, and we finds that our views are very different to the way that the shaman sees the world, nature and…. [read more]


Ceremonies of the Hopi Tribe Term Paper

… Together, they form the basis of the Hopi religious beliefs, and so, this dance is important because it calls out for water, but it symbolizes much more than that to the Hopi people, as well.

The Assiniboine ceremony, the Sun Dance, was and still is extremely important to the people; it was religious and ceremonial in nature. Most of the Plains Indians performed a version of the Sun Dance, so it was not original to the Assiniboine. An expert notes, "The Sun Dance originated with the Plains Algonquians around 1700, diffused throughout the Plains tribes, and by the early 1800s had developed into the most magnificent aboriginal ceremony of this culture area" (White xiii). Only the men in the tribe performed the dance, and it…. [read more]


What Are the Similarities and Differences Between Navajo Witchcraft and European Witchcraft Beliefs? Term Paper

… Navajo and European Witchcraft: A Brief Study

As might be expected, there are some similarities to be found between Native American Navajo witchcraft and European witchcraft. The reason being, of course, that "witchcraft" denotes a term that is supernatural in nature, unique as to the individual or individuals possessing that nature or power, and because it is a condition that suggests people who do not possess that nature or power might be fearful of that which they do not know or understand, it empowers the person who does possess the witchcraft to in some ways manipulate or control others. In this way then we might expect to find some similarities as well as differences as suggested by the term between two distinctly different cultures and…. [read more]


Religious Traditions Global Religions Term Paper

… Theistic religions experience faith as god as holy presence, characterized by emotions, fascination, and the awe-inspiring fear (Warren, 2012). For example, the revelation of God to Moses in form of a burning bush that led to fascination and fear of God (Moore, 2005). In non-theistic religions, the faith and god experience adopt the form of mystics or mysticism. A common traditional religion that uses mysticism in its faith and god believe is Hinduism and religions like Buddhism. In Hinduism, the faith and god experience is by having an individual becoming one with the divine by inward contemplation (Moore, 2005). This implies that faith and the experience of god in different religions forms the basis for their varied forms of worship, prayer, and rituals. For this…. [read more]


Race and Poverty Journal Introduction to South Journal

… Race and Poverty Journal

Introduction to South America

Points

One of the first points the document makes relates to the geographical situation of the South American continent, which is said to be far more prominent into the Atlantic Ocean than North America.

A second point is the new era within South America in terms of its multinational relationships. Despite regional disparities and political turmoil that marked its past, the continent as a whole appears to realize the developmental potential that lies in forging multinational ties.

The third point relates to the ancient Andean cultures in South America, which thrived prior to the coming of the Europeans. The document focuses on the magnificence of these cultures and the success they had in developing their social and…. [read more]


Euro V Afro Centric Perspectives Research Paper

… In this instance, the tale is not told from an exclusively Euro-centric perspective, but rather is told from an American-centric perspective as Marlow is replaced by U.S. Army Captain Benjamin L. Willard who is tasked with finding the rogue Colonel Walter E. Kurtz and putting an end to his mad reign over the Cambodians he has come to command as part of his own private army. Like Kurtz in Heart of Darkness, Col. Kurtz has positioned himself as a leader based on his ethnic and military background. Additionally, the natives in Heart of Darkness have been replaced with Cambodians, however, the United States' and Kurtz's attitude towards them remains unchanged and mirrors the attitudes towards natives in Heart of Darkness.

Both Heart of Darkness and…. [read more]


New World Settlement by European Powers Book Report

… France's attempt to endear the local population proved successful in the short-term but the French and Native American cultures could not long endure as one population and when the French ceremonial endearment began to wear thin on the Native Americans so did the French attempts at settling in the New World. Additionally, the French reluctance to establish settlements and build structures like the English failed to encourage widespread settlements like developed in the English colonies. The Portuguese and Dutch, meanwhile, never viewed the New World has a source of new settlements. They were more concerned with the aspects of trade in the case of the Dutch, and in the development of navigation and the building of maps in the case of the Portuguese. Once the…. [read more]


First Amendment the Founding Research Paper

… First Amendment

The founding of the United States as a nation over two hundred years ago was marked by several important factors. Two of these were the adherence to free and open practice of one's faith and voicing out of ideas, thoughts and opinions without fear of reprisal or persecution. These are not surprising considering that those that arrived in the country even long before the birth of the American nation did so to escape their own nations and societies that persecuted them because of their religious faiths and even stomped on their ability to speak what was on their minds. Thus, the rights to free and open practice of religion and free speech became part of the United States Constitution albeit belatedly since these…. [read more]


Desert Indian Woman: Stories Term Paper

… Manuel can see the difference between old and new native society, and many of the changes distress her, as she clearly shows here. It must be very difficult to grow up in the middle of two cultures, as she did, and see the old ways disappearing, and the new ways taking hold. Many of the people of the reservation die, as Neff recalls, of traffic accidents or alcohol related problems - things that did not occur when Manuel was a child. Her world is rapidly changing, and she is one of the few who remember earlier times, which is another reason this book is so important.

Interestingly, Manuel has become a Christian, and it is an important part of her life, even though she still…. [read more]


Anthropology Santeria in Cuba Research Paper

… Both blacks and women were given rights they had not taken pleasure in before. Santeria was still not quite suitable in refined society, and both this religion and Catholicism were measured as intimidating and incompatible with the thoughts of the revolution. Both religions were barred. Santeria because it was thought to be prehistoric and unsuited with the ground-breaking ideas of a learned people. Catholicism was banned because its strong hierarchy and international associates could directly threaten the Cuban government (The History of Santeria, 2012).

It was only in the early 1990's that complete religious freedom was initiated in Cuba. The reason is supposedly that Castro realised there was not necessarily any disagreement between being revolutionary and religious. Additionally, he no doubt realised that education and…. [read more]


Raramuri Sacred Corn and Drink Term Paper

… Raramuri

Sacred corn and drink -- the Raramuri's observance of Holy Week

The Raramuri are the second largest group of indigenous people living in Mexico today. Most of the Raramuri live in the Sierra Madre, north of Mexico City. The Raramuri are famous for their unique blending of indigenous and Mexican/Spanish rituals, most notably exhibited during semana santa, otherwise known as Holy Week. Corn has sacred significance to this tribe. Holy Week, or where the martyrdom and resurrection of Jesus Christ is reenacted, is an important event for Christians all over the world. But in the hands of this isolated tribe, it has been "refashioned into an expression of cultural solidarity, replete with barrels of corn beer called tesguino" (Burnett, 2007). Rather than reenacting the…. [read more]


Slave Narrative and Black Autobiography Term Paper

… Several blacks were even admitted to the Military Academy.

The white intellectual community came to see black literature as somewhat formulaic. The linguist Geneva Smitherman in Talkin and Testifyin. For Smitherman, Signifyin (g) is a black "mode of discourse" that is a synonym of "dropping lugs; joanin; capping; [and] sounding." She believed the slave narrative to be characterized by eight common features:

indirection, circumlocution metaphorical-imagistic (but images rooted in the everyday, real world) humorous, ironic rhythmic fluency and sound teachy but not preachy directed at person or persons usually present in the situational context punning, play on words introduction of the semantically or logically unexpected. (Gates, 94)

It is interesting to note that many of these characteristics are to be found in the Rhythm and…. [read more]


Autobiography All About Me Because I Immigrated Term Paper

… Autobiography

All About Me

Because I immigrated to America at the cusp of adulthood, I have found that many of the people that I encounter focus on the fact that I am different from them. I immigrated to America six years ago from Moscow, Russia, which is where I spent my childhood. I am a tremendous advocate of America and the American dream, and I know that I would not have the same variety of personal, social, and professional opportunities had I remained in Russia. Despite that, I still do not consider myself very Americanized, probably because I did not spend my childhood in the United States. In fact, there are some aspects of American culture that I find distasteful, and which I will consciously…. [read more]


Anthropology Andean Indigenous Interest Term Paper

… The largest concentrations of native peoples are found in Mesoamerica and the Andean region. The greatest territorial dispersion is found in the Amazon Basin. They speak more than 400 different languages, display a wide range of lifestyles, and have achieved different levels of development. They occupy diverse ecosystems and maintain differing relationships with the countries and societies within which they live. A large percentage of the inhabitants of high-lands are peasant farmers and herders; while in the tropical forests, they are mostly farmers, hunters and fishermen. Those who live in the highlands have a long tradition of contact and involvement with the societies and economies within which they live. People living in the tropical forest regions, however remained relatively isolated until the 1950s and are…. [read more]


Art Violence and Social Engagement in Colombia Research Proposal

… ¶ … Colombia is the third-largest recipient of military aid from the United States and is at a critical juncture in its turbulent history. More than three million people have been displaced in Colombia during the past decade alone, and violent deaths and kidnappings remain alarmingly high. While violence is nothing new to the people of Colombia, their response to its sources and causes have been portrayed in the visual arts in various ways, with one of the most recent manifestations of this being portrayal such as the "The Skin of Memory," developed by the anthropologist Pilar Riano-Alcala and the artist Suzanne Lacy in collaboration with a multidisciplinary team in Colombia. Because art must also serve a social function and civic responsibility, this thesis evaluates…. [read more]

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