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Aboriginal Religion, Christianity, and Islam Essay

… ¶ … Aboriginal Religion, Christianity, and Islam... 500 words per question (total of 1500 words)

Examine the ways in which Aboriginal religion has influenced the beliefs and practices of indigenous people beyond traditional movements.

Aboriginal religion and culture conceives of time and space in a fundamentally different manner than traditional Western culture (Stanner 1968: 33). The past is not separate from the present, and ancestors have a real, material presence in the immediate world. There is no clear divide between dead and living and both continue to influence one another (Stanner 1968: 20). Time itself is an elastic concept as is space. Aborigines, rather than viewing themselves as possessing and controlling the land see themselves as 'of' the land. Aboriginal religion focuses on the need…. [read more]

Ritual Knowledge Is Transmitted in Aboriginal Religion Essay

… ¶ … ritual knowledge is transmitted in Aboriginal religion.

One of the difficulties with discussing how ritual knowledge is transmitted in Aboriginal religion is the fact that few Aborigines have discussed the process in a scholarly context. Instead, outside observers have attempted to discuss the process, and, in doing so, have oftentimes failed to understand significant portions of Aboriginal religion. A stark example of this arises when one considers the seeming contrast that exists in the works of Kaberry and Warner; the male's perspective suggests that women play an insignificant role in religion and the transmission of religious tradition, while the female's perspective reveals that women play a dynamic and essential role in the religion, and, therefore, in the transmission of knowledge. This seeming dichotomy…. [read more]

Religion of Australian Aborigines Term Paper

… Religion of Australian Aborigines

A Brother?

An Impossible Task?

Fully Human Beings

Uncivilized 3 Christians?

Angry Indigenous Men


A Brother?

An Impossible Task?

Religion differs from magic in that it is not concerned with control or manipulation of the powers confronted.

Rather it means submission to, trust in, and adoration of, what is apprehended as the divine nature of ultimate reality.


I am I not a man and a brother?" (Windschuttle) was the slogan a black slave presented during the time the Enlightenment secularized Christian concepts produce the perception of a common human nature, along with universal human rights. Reconciling Christian morality with the rapacity of imperialism has reportedly been noted, however, to be "an impossible task." Christianity was initially…. [read more]

Ethnography Cultural Anthropology Term Paper

… Anthropology

Like the indigenous peoples of many continents and countries, the Australian Aborigines faced a dramatic change in lifestyle with the arrival of the British colonists. Some of these changes still manifest themselves even today, in the form of oppression and discrimination. Indeed, because of these very injustices, the beauty and depth of this culture is more often than not lost upon the Western world with its technology- and money-centered existence. The current paradigm of intercultural global understanding is in the process of increasingly prohibiting discrimination on any grounds. As such, it is unlikely that discrimination against the Aboriginal nations will continue indefinitely. Indeed, anthropological study of both traditional and modern lifestyles opens the doors towards intercultural understanding.

Social and Economic Organization

For the Aborigine…. [read more]

Max Weber's Protestant Ethic Term Paper

… ¶ … Protestant Ethic" and the Evolution of Capitalism

Maximilian Weber was one of the most influential German political economists and sociologists. He began his career at the University of Berlin and later worked at other universities throughout Germany. He was one of Germany's negotiators that the treaty of Versailles and also played a role in drafting the Weimar constitution (Weber, Marianne 1988). The following will explore Weber's contribution to theories on the development of capitalism. The primary source for argument will be Weber's most controversial work, " The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism," written in 1905.

Weber's key thesis is that religion is largely responsible for the different cultures and economic systems of Europe and the orient. He argued that the Protestant…. [read more]

Australia's Aboriginal Supernatural Beliefs Term Paper

… Uluru is a perfect example of a Dreamtime location, and is a sacred area to Aborigines.

It is not only landmarks, and animals that are sacred to Dreamtime. Councilman Joseph explains that "Plants that are Dreaming we just leave alone. There are certain times when we can pick some of these plants. The law governs how we fit in with the environment, how our daily life is decided" (Dream, p4).

A prominent figure in Aboriginal lore, is the 'yowie' or Yuuriwinaa which means 'hairy woman or man'. The Yuuri were small people upto 4 feet tall, and having long white hair. Variations of the Yahoo, or Yuuri are found across Australia, with Aborigines from the Blue Mountains describing them as "fearsome creatures who are responsible…. [read more]

Southeast Asian Bamboo Flutes Dissertation

Traditional Southeast Asian Bamboo Flutes: Studies on Origins and History

The study investigates the bamboo flutes found in Southeast Asia, as well as their history and origin. The earliest known extant bamboo flute, a chi, or ancient Chinese flute, from the Zhou Dynasty, discovered in the tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng, dates from 433 BC. Southeast Asian bamboo flutes, diverse in shape and size, vary in the way musicians play them. During the ethnography, a qualitative study, the researcher utilizes an extensive literature review to explore the development of bamboo flutes in SEA and examines the link between these instruments and music, as well as traditions from and beyond Asia.

As the study focuses on the flutes from three main areas: Mainland…. [read more]

Rites of Passages of Puberty Term Paper

… The typical rites of passage in the two cases presented were male rites. Rites of passage have three phases: separation, transition, and worldly return. Separation is from one's familiar surroundings, life style and identity. As stated the Australian aborigine children are taken to sacred huts or clearings away from their homes by initiation masters masked and clad like the eternal ancestors of the dreamtime, to make contact with the sacred.

The second phase, transition or liminality, is "betwixt" and "between" social categories and states of being. The novices are "travelers in a transitional area" [6]. The individual, now separated, is no longer what he was before, but not yet what will be once passage is achieved. In puberty rites, the initiation masters perform a sacred…. [read more]

Sociology in Indigenous Populations Essay

… While Australia passed a referendum in 1967 that removed discriminatory clauses against Aborigines in the Australian Constitution, it took longer for the rights to actually take effect, and even longer for them to gain back lands that were stripped from them during colonial rule.

Studies show that modern Indigenous people still routinely suffer from racism and prejudice, and it affects their lives in a number of ways. The group of writers continue, "Also, a preliminary report of a 2003 research project conducted in an isolated Western Australian rural town showed that 35 per cent of Aboriginal respondents said they were both emotionally upset and experienced physical stress due to an experience of 'being treated differently on the basis of race'" (Carson, et al. 2007). In…. [read more]

Aboriginal People in Australia Research Proposal

… Aboriginal People in Australia

Aboriginal People in White Society

Protection and Segregation From the Mid-Nineteenth to the Mid-Twentieth Century

On February 13, 2008, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd made a move toward equality and openness for all ethnic groups in Australia with his apology to Australia's Indigenous Peoples. A motion to parliament, the apology specifically cited the controversial topic of the Stolen Generations as one for which the Australian government was sorry. Rudd apologized "to the mothers and fathers, the brothers and sisters, for the breaking up of families and communities," and hoped that the apology would allow Australians to become "fully reconciled to their past" in order to "open a new chapter in the history of Australia" (2008, n.p.). The apology came ten years after…. [read more]

Diversity in Social Work Term Paper

… Diversity in Social Work

In my personal statement, I described my own upbringing in a rather xenophobic culture and my struggles to overcome these biases not only professionally, but in my own life as well. In this essay I will examine more thoroughly how I plan to ensure that I remain aware of the potential for these previous belief systems to influence my work and exactly how I will deal with any of these former cultural biases, should they appear.

First, however, I will briefly explain why I think this is such an important skill to develop in preparing for a social work career. I stated in my prior paper that my upbringing had reinforced Matras's feelings of separateness and, in turn, superiority when confronted…. [read more]

Stratification and What Evidence Essay

… Researchers, such as Kahneman and Tversky, demonstrated that rationality was reducible to mental heuristics, and prejudice came to be considered as an inevitable outcome of cognitive schemas (namely cognitive structures that guide information processing). This cognitive approach -- still cited in standard psychology textbooks (such as Weiten, 2007) as source for stereotypes and prejudice) is the theoretical basis that underlies prejudice-associated interventions. Many sociologists and psychologists believe that prejudice is a product of evolutionary heuristics that cause us to stereotype in order to separate our group from another.

Political power

In another way we can explain the above with the Marxist and Weberian theory of political power where the dominant class -- which happens to be White in Australia -- holds political power due to…. [read more]

Art in South America and the Pacific Term Paper

… Art in South America and the Pacific

Aboriginal Creation Myths and Art

The Aborigines have existed for approximately 40,000 years in parts of Australia. They boast one of the most ancient cultures in the world that is as varied as the people themselves throughout different regions of this continent. Due to the length of time that this civilization has existed, one would think that its traditions, cosmology and art would have a significant impact on the world. However, largely due to the fact that the Aborigines are a non-Westernized group of people and have never fully embraced technology, which is one of the principle Western markers of the "progress" of a civilization, most of its cultural manifestations are largely ignored by the outside world. As…. [read more]

Dieri, Bevenda, Cherokee Structures Term Paper

… This use of human sacrifice would suggests a more concrete belief in the need for ritual, physical practices than the Cherokee and an investiture in the elements of the ritual, as opposed to the space and time of the ritual's practice, and the power of the practitioner's gifts and words, as was common to Cherokee invocations.

However, one must remain skeptical of these assessments, given the frequent biases of accounts of aboriginal life. What is clear is that the Australian Aborigines, one of the oldest recorded civilizations, do differ in their cosmological understanding of the world in relation to the Cherokee in that they posit a creator did give birth to the land. "Most Aboriginal people believe that all life as we know it today…. [read more]

Paul Keating's Redfern Speech Essay

… In this, the yoking of ethos to pathos is evident. Keating establishes the national ethos at the beginning of the speech, even going so far as to remind the audience that he speaking on that occasion in 1993 to launch the International Year of the World's Indigenous People. Australia's participation in this international event serves as a signal to the citizens of the country that they are -- at last -- to make good on a commitment the success of which has eluded them again and again. That failure is unacceptable to all the people of Australia and the success of this renewed initiative is fundamentally linked to the Australian identity. The way forward must embrace indigenous Australians and rectify the wrongs they continue to…. [read more]

Muriel's Wedding vs. Brazil Religion Term Paper

… At the end of the film the camera sees her leaving with her dearest friend, a woman, rather than a groom, as both go into the wild blue yonder, they are filled with the understanding that friendship rather than glorified picture book romance or sexuality is more important than the culturally reified myth of the wedding, or in the case of Muriel's friend, of heightened sexual beauty and desirability.

Thus both films show, as these two plot descriptions indicate, that modern, consumerist fantasies of consumption, and of defining one's self primarily through the conspicuous consumption of brand name objects, whether by Coca-Cola in "Brazil" or by the pristine, virginal white of the perfectly dressed and catered wedding as for the titular heroine of "Muriel's Wedding"…. [read more]

Assimilation, Integration and Multiculturalism Essay

… Bibliography

Australian Government (2014); Department of Social Services: 'Settlement and Multicultural Affairs'. Accessed Online on 3rd September 2014, <>

Blue Mountains (2011), Blue Mountains International School of Management; The Hospitality Industry in Australia. Accessed Online on 3rd September 2014,

Chesterman, J., & Douglas, H. (2004). 'Their ultimate absorption': Assimilation in 1930s Australia. Journal of Australian Studies, 28(81), 47-58.

Coquitlam (2011). City of Coquitlam; Multiculturalism Strategy and Action Plan Accessed online on 3rd September 2014,

DIAC (2010d).Key Facts in Immigration Factsheet 2. (Canberra: Department of Immigration and Citizenship).

George N. Root (2014). Business Integration Strategies; Demand Media. Accessed online on 3rd September 2014.

Herbert, X. (1938). Capricornia: a novel. Sydney, Angus.

Jared Lewis (2014). The Advantages of Multiculturalism in the Workplace; Demand…. [read more]

Australia vs. US Business Culture Essay

… Australia vs. U.S. Business Culture

Discuss the differences in verbal communication between Australia and the U.S.

and Australia are similar in that both speak English as the common form of language. This may seem like both countries would have close cultural ties because of the common language that they share. Yet, when you look a little closer, it is clear that there a number of district verbal communication differences between the two nations. The most notable would include: the use of slangs / jargon and the various forms of regional accents. In the United States, a variety of slangs / jargon is used by different sub-groups within society. For example, many African-Americans will speak what is known as Ebonics. This is where various slangs and…. [read more]

Theorizing Society Essay

… Durkheim and the Division of Labor

This author has found the Durkheim text on the Division of Labor to be most interesting. Durkheim has introduced a Hegelian dichotomy that is contradictory, yet binary at the same time. The question is very much one of what is now the synthesis. The division of labor (hypothesis) brings about individualization (antithesis) (Raapana, N. And Friedrich, N. 2005). This dialectic is established to answer why the division of labor is universal across the board in human societies. This synthesis is religion. From it, Durkheim evolved his views upon and created the subdiscipline of sociology of religion.

Durkheim was born in Epinal, France. The scion of a rabbi, Durkheim also was intended for the rabbinate. His early Jewish religious education…. [read more]

Historians Are in the Business Essay

… Histories might attempt to reconstruct events from her perspective or from the perspectives of the crew, the runaway convicts, the Aborigines." (Schaffer, 1995)

Question 6

According to the research, the predominance of western epistemology and pedagogical practices have not marginalized the history of the Aboriginal peoples as there are numerous accounts outside of Western pedagogical practices that present the truth of Aboriginal history. The aborigines in Western teachings are not portrayed as barbarous or as cannibals, but as an indigenous tribe of peoples native to an island off of the coast of Australia, with aboriginal populations occupying Western Australia as a migratory and nomadic population.

Marginalization cannot occur without proper evidence in the knowledge of the history of a people to support an understanding of…. [read more]

Guns Germs and Steel the Fates of Human Societies Term Paper

… Guns, Germs, And Steel: The Fates of Human Societies

Jared Diamond's book - Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies won the Pulitzer Prize, the Phi Beta Kappa Award in Science, the Rhone-Poulenc Prize and the Commonwealth club of California's Gold Medal. (Editorial Reviews: Only some are more extensively competent to mark history with regard to geography and sociobiology. Jared Diamond who is a molecular physiologist at UCLA is an evolutionary biologist as well in the discipline. He was interested in bird watching and for 33 years he was in New Guinea which was a seat of learning of the 1000 languages out of the 6000 languages existent in the universe. This made him to come in contact with an amazing diversity…. [read more]

Gold Rush Term Paper

… California History- Indians

The history of Californian Indians is not much different from the history of Indians in other parts of America. Unfortunately the Native Americans had a primitive life style and were no match for the European who discovered America. The Australian aborigines were also in a similar position and they too suffered a similar fate. The civilized Europeans brought untold misery, death and destruction to a society that was no match for the knowledge-wise superior, technically advanced, militarily more powerful and well armed Europeans.

As a result of the superiority of the colonizing European, the Native Americans were pushed gradually to lands that were of no commercial value to the new masters of the land. Diseases introduced into Americas by Europeans annihilated large…. [read more]

Canadian Politics Term Paper

… Canadian Politics

Canada is a nation that is comprised of ten provinces and three territories. Those provinces and territories span five regions: the Atlantic (Maritime region), Central Canada, the prairies, the West Coast and North (DeRocco 2009, 61). Every province in Canada works with Canada's federal government to make sure that Canada is progressing nicely; however, each of these provinces, it must be noted, has its own government. There is one question that plagues Canadian society and politics: Should Canada become a republic or retain its constitutional monarchy? While there are many arguments out there for keeping the status quo, there are just as many arguments that can debunk pro-monarchy assertions -- for example, most developed nations have moved past the archaic concepts of nobles…. [read more]

Implementing a Diversity Policy Term Paper

… Diversity and Equality Policy

Business Description

Statement of intent

General terms of the policy

Forms of Discrimination -- Principles

Equality and diversity in recruitment, selection, development and training


Bullying and harassment

Human rights

Fixed-term employees and agency workers & Part time Work


How to make a complaint

Equality and the law

Implementation Strategy

Monitoring and Reviewing mechanisms

Stakeholder Consultations on Diversity and Equality

Business Description

For this topic, a company was chosen that is into retail business offering a variety of products both through the brick and mortar system and online. The company has its outlets in all major cities and towns and requires a large workforce. The workforce comprises of employees of both permanent and part time nature and relies on a…. [read more]

Crystal Therapy Term Paper

… Crystal Therapy

Crystal healing and crystal therapy has a long history and has been used in various periods and cultures for healing and meditation.

In essence crystal healing is a "... non-invasive therapy which can be used in conjunction with other complementary therapies and with orthodox medicine." (Inside track: Crystal healing - Clear way to relax.) Crystal therapy encompasses the view that self-healing can be achieved through methods that allow the body to heal itself - as opposed to more invasive allopathic medical techniques and methods. It is also closely aligned with the view evident in other forms of alternative therapy that healing should adopt a holistic approach and that the conventional division between the body and mind and between the body and spiritual aspects…. [read more]

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