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Renaissance Paintings- Virgin and Child Term Paper

… Correggio (1489-1534) belonged to the last group of highly talented artists of High Renaissance. Despite his popularity, not much documented evidence is available regarding his early training. However the style of his work indicates the influence of some leading artists of his time including Francesco Branchi Ferrari, Lorenzo Costa, Giorgione etc.

Nothing except his decorative style is there to prove that he had been influenced by Roman traditions in painting. The painting Virgin and Child with Saint John the Baptist was one of the early works of Correggio and carefully focuses on the emotional connection between John and Christ. It is important to understand that while the theme of Virgin and Child has biblical connotations, this particular painting focuses on one aspect of the theme,…. [read more]


Giotto and the Emergence of Perspective From Byzantine Iconography Essay

… The body of the Virgin is represented realistically in Giotto's painting, with an attempt to capture the physical reality of the clothing: we can see her breasts, and her knees, represented fully with light and shade in an attempt to capture three dimensions. It is like the icon is breaking out of its flatness and emerging toward us.

Giotto's break with Byzantine art is not as complete as one might assume, however, despite this discovery of perspective. The gold-leaf background still maintains what Soltes calls "spaceless space." The angels to either side of the Virgin's throne are occupying a three-dimensional space, but they do not occupy it with proportional relation to the Madonna. What Soltes describes as "significance perspective" is still affecting the size of…. [read more]


Renaissance Art Essay

… Renaissance Art

Art is the expression of artistic vision but it also carries the sign of the period of time when it was created. The period of the Renaissance designates a cultural movement that spanned between the fourteenth and the seventeenth century. Its roots can be found in Italy, in the middle Ages from where it spread across Europe. This period of time was marked by a return to classical models both in artistic pursuit and in learning, in the sense that both artists and scholars appealed to classical sources. Also, the Renaissance was synonymous to significant advances as far as science and painting techniques where a new perspective was developed with the overwhelming contribution of Leonardo da Vinci. Humanism which stood at the roots…. [read more]


Academic Level: Senior University Class Essay

… The background is a mournful mix of grey, a dark sky which reflects the general turmoil. Expressive hands and faces, thickened limbs, rich textures, masterful use of color and contrast, all come together to enforce a palpable, almost overwhelming impression of depth and grandeur in Ruben's painting. (Labedzki, A.)

Considering the two paintings together, certain areas of focus are to be taken into account. These include historical and social placement, the artists' relationship to religion and their personal styles.

In Barnaba da Modena's time, the plague years of 1347/48 had had repercussions on the general attitude towards life, making people more aware of their frailty, thus determining them to enjoy life to the fullest. Similarly, Peter Paul Rubens's Baroque period was intertwined with the Dutch…. [read more]


Italian Renaissance Term Paper

… Italian Renaissance was the beginning of the Renaissance, a period of achievements and cultural changes that extended from the late XIV century until about 1600, constituting the transition between the Middle Ages and modern Europe.

The word Renaissance has a very explicit meaning that represents the renewed interest for the period in the culture of classic antiquity, after what would then be called "The Dark Age." Those changes, although significant, were concentrated in the upper classes, and for most of the common people the life style had little change compared to the middle ages.

Italian Renaissance began in Toscana, having its epicenter in Florence and Siena. This was followed by a powerful impact in Rome. The peak of the movement appeared at the end of…. [read more]


Art During Renaissance the Evolution Thesis

… Comparisons of Renaissance and Medieval Art

There are a number of comparisons that can be made between Renaissance and Medieval Art. For example, medieval art's colors are mostly drab and dull because the pigments are mixed with egg yolk. They also have more religious aspects to them. Renaissance art is more realistic and the colors are a lot richer. Moreover, the focus of medieval art was primarily on religion; very focused on creating symbols of Christian concepts/values and not concerned with realism. Renaissance art is very focused on realism; on portraying things as they look in nature. In part, the realism of Renaissance art is attributable to the use of linear perspective in painting. As previously noted, there was a diminished focus on religion; however,…. [read more]


One Religious Image as Depicted by Three Different Artists Essay

… But perhaps the most striking realism of the work is its portrait of Christ who looks like a real baby, tended to by his mother, in contrast to the young divinity standing proud on a throne in the Masaccio. Botticelli's work is a depiction of the Virgin in a true, intimate and domestic scene as a human mother.

Botticelli's Virgin shows a clear shift in favor of the humanism characteristic of the Renaissance era: "Classical Greek philosophy was also consistent with the new mood of 'Humanism' which arose in Italy at this time. Humanism was a way of thinking which attached more importance to Man and less importance to God. Although Christianity remained the only religion, Humanism reinterpreted it so as to give it a…. [read more]


Art History of the Western Term Paper

… This is very much unlike Raphael's Madonna pieces which put the Virgin and her child in beautiful, open, idealized meadow settings with bright colors and open skies. Unlike other Madonnas which have been created in a throne-like setting, however, these two pieces do have a lot in common. They are both showing the Virgin and the Christ child in a natural outdoor setting. Again, there is a pyramid structure to the figures -- the Virgin Mary, the Christ child, and St. John the Baptist. In Leonardo's piece, however, a fourth figure is added, a guardian angel. Like the foreshadowing that Rapahel used, there is also the cross in this painting. In Da Vinci's work we can also see how very much he influenced Raphael, such…. [read more]


Baroque Art an Examination Essay

… However, the composition and subject matter are completely different in Regnier's painting vs. that of Sellaio. In Regnier's painting, the horizontal line is more important than the vertical, whereas the reverse is true in Sellaio's. In Sellaio's, the canvas is longer than it is wide; and it is the other way around for Regnier. Regnier depicts his figures along the horizontal plane, with St. Sebastian's reclining body the central motif. Moreover, Regnier includes nothing in the background of the painting. The black background is stark, forcing the viewer's eye to rest on the triangulation created by the holy women and the saint. Sellaio, on the other hand, incorporates a naturalistic background behind the subjects, similar to what DaVinci would later do in "La Gioconda." Whereas…. [read more]


Botticelli's Birth of Venus Essay

… In a near complete reversal, Venus is entirely free, outside in nature and although she is attended by both male and female figures, they remain at a large enough distance so that Venus' agency or freedom is never called into question.

Art is necessarily informed by the context of its creation and reception, and this is made clear when considering the differing representations of women in Duccio di Buoninsegna's Virgin and Child Enthroned Amidst Angels and Saints and Sandro Botticelli's The Birth of Venus. Whereas the former painting represents a transitional period, dominated by the Church but nonetheless adapting and changing methods of representation, the latter represents the ascendancy of humanism during the Renaissance. Duccio's Mary is still entrapped in the objectified role given to…. [read more]


Art Both Duccio Di Buoninsegna Term Paper

… Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997, p. 1; 6]

The underlying messages and meanings of the two paintings are different. Lippi is showing Jesus as the bearer of the Book, which is the doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church. The book occupies the center point of the composition. Also, the eye is drawn to the background because the left leaf of the book points to a scroll that one of the angels is holding. The scroll and the book together refer to the Catholic teachings. Lippi is not painting the maternal love between Virgin Mary and Baby Jesus, as de Buoninsegna does. Unlike Lippi, di Buoninsegna is concerned more with the ability to convey universal maternal love. The purpose of the de Buoninsegna painting of the…. [read more]


High Renaissance Movement Term Paper

… Michelangelo's work in sculpture portrays the creative strength that defines his work. He is most known for his creation of the human body in paintings and the method in which he conveys a sense of magnificence and a powerful arousal of emotions. His sculptors appear to be both animated and restrained, yet appear to have an energy that is beyond the physical world, but of the spiritual nature. His work defines heroism and tragedy while not portraying anything that might appear artificial.

Michelangelo's creation of the statue, David, was completed early in his life. The statue quickly became the symbol of Florence's glorious political heritage. This work has become known throughout the world as one of his greatest masterpieces. Upon its creation, Michelangelo became one…. [read more]


Art History - High Renaissance Term Paper

… The various influences that played an important role in the development of Raphael's artistic ability are evident. The round format is indicative of Florence, yet the picture within is different from Raphael's own Florentine Madonnas. The Virgin Mother's pose resembles a work of classic sculpture, with the robes of ancient Rome, and the landscape itself is seen as an idealized view of the Roman campagna. There is grandeur to The Alba Madonna, lending it a seriousness, the need for which could be interpreted as emanating from the focus on a slender reed cross that defines the work's intended meaning. Church doctrine holds that from birth Christ had an understanding of his fate. In The Alba Madonna, the Christ Child is shown accepting the cross of…. [read more]


Renaissance: Byzantine to Humanistic Style Art Essay

… Leonardo was also interested in architecture, sculpture, music and drawings. His (would-be) sculpture of Charles II d’Amboise based on the Study of horse sketching from Leonardo’s journal and the wax model (which was as far as Leonardo got on that project) show the refinement in Leonardo’s design (Popham). His Vitruvian Man stands out as one of the most iconic drawings of all time, and his sketching of a fetus in the womb shows his keen sense of medical knowledge, too. His scientific drawings were studied for their anatomical correctness (Popham), and Michelangelo was one who would go on to follow in the footsteps of Leonardo by focusing on the muscles and anatomy of the human body when developing his most famous forms. In 1499, when…. [read more]


Art the Wikipedia Web Site Term Paper

… Its orientation is mainly horizontal as the painting's subjects (the Virgin, child, and men) were painted across it.

'Baptism of Constantine" and "Virgin and Child with Saint Anne," meanwhile, shared similarities in techniques that were reflected in paintings created during the period 16th century. "Virgin" is characterized as a vertically-oriented painting, where the subjects of the painting were also used as the central images in it. Compared to the "Adoration," the "Virgin" is more refined in terms of color detail, giving the painting greater illusion of three-dimensionality than "Adoration." Utilization of light and dark colors are balanced, giving central focus on the subjects (which were colored lightly) and contrasting the background (colored darkly).

'Baptism" shares the previous painting's ("Virgin") vertical orientation. However, in "Baptism," verticality…. [read more]


Italian Renaissance Art an Analysis Essay

… Italian Renaissance Art

An Analysis of Three Paintings by Masaccio, Fra Angelico and Botticelli

This paper will examine three religious works by Masaccio, Fra Angelico, and Botticelli and show each works reveals its meaning through a complex formula of Renaissance religious symbolism and naturalistic beauty.

Religious symbolism in the Italian Renaissance was a didactic tool that could be used in painting to educate or inspire the viewer by connecting the subject of the artwork to underlying themes or overarching ideas. In Masaccio's Holy Trinity (c. 1425-28), religious symbolism takes the form of the Trinity, represented by God the Father, supporting God the Son, crucified on the cross, and the Holy Ghost symbolized by a dove perched upon Christ's halo. This rich symbol can be understood…. [read more]


Changing: A Look at the Italian Renaissance Thesis

… ¶ … Changing:

A Look at the Italian Renaissance

The objective of this project is to look into the artists of the Renaissance and understand their influence of their art on the world. Most artists are unaware that they are making an impression; they simply respond to their instincts as an artist. The late Michael Jackson is an example of this. While it can be said that he was slated for greatness, he was actually doing what came very naturally for him. From a child singing to an adult inventing the moonwalk, he was following his artistic flairs, wherever they took him. The artists of the Renaissance were not different from this at all. They understood art a little bit different from everyone else and…. [read more]


Leonardo Da Vinci Essay

… Leonardo da Vinci was considered a relevant representative of the Renaissance period. His multiple passions, interests and areas of expertise contributed to his popularity. The purpose of the present paper is to discuss some of his inventions, scientific studies and philosophies in an attempt to demonstrate how these may have influenced his work. Interested in both science and art he appears to have succeeded in almost everything he put his mind to.

His contributions make him not only a talented painter, but also a brilliant inventor, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, anatomist, geologist, botanist and writer. As an engineer he created all sorts of devices which could serve for the protection of a city under attack. Some of his inventions were completely impractical, others were…. [read more]


Madonna With the Child Reading Term Paper

… Analysis of Van Eyck's Madonna with the Child Reading (1433)

The early 15th century would witness a flurry of new technical feats
in painting, with artists in Italy and France contributing particularly to
a new depth of realism in visual portrayal. Often overlooked would be the
remarkable work of some of the late-renaissance painters emergent from
Northern Europe. The Netherlands would produce some of the most detailed
and accurate portrayals of human features and contexts, with Jan Van Eyck
often identified as perhaps the best of painters from his time. His 1433
canvas, Madonna with the Child Reading stands as testament both to Van
Eyck's singularity and to incisive use of religious imagery to express the
anguish of his personal life.
The depiction of the…. [read more]


African-American Art and Harlem Renaissance Thesis

… Harlem Renaissance represented the ideological start of the civil rights movement. A surge of productivity in intellectual, political, and artistic spheres, the Harlem Renaissance stimulated interest in African-American culture and in some ways helped to create that culture. The figures that emerged during the Harlem Renaissance contributed greatly to the canon of human thought on race relations. However, Harlem Renaissance artists were not necessarily preoccupied with race even though their creative media enabled political discourse.

Augusta Fells Savage has been described as one of the "luminaries" of the Harlem Renaissance ("Augusta Savage"). Savage was one of the Harlem Renaissance's most prominent female artists, too, and helped lay groundwork for feminism as well as racial equality. As a teacher, Savage helped transform social consciousness and through…. [read more]


Roettgen Pieta Research Paper

… When Michelangelo sculpted his pieta in 1499, Mary had become a "beautiful young woman" who is "coolly offering us her son," rather than the unself-consciously anguished parent seen in the medieval German version.[footnoteRef:18] The Roettgen pieta is unafraid of ugliness. [18: Christia Mercer. "A Mother's Loss: The Medea and the Roettgen Pieta."]

Adams, James Luther, Yates, Wilson and Warren, Robert Penn. The Grotesque in Art and Literature: Theological Reflections. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1997.

Chirico, Miriam M. "Dancing on the Edge of a Cliff." Chapter 1 in Beth Henley: A Casebook. Routledge, 2002.

Cook, John W. "What is Christian about Christian Art?" In Interpreting Christian Art: Reflections on Christian Art, Ed. Hornik, HeidiJ and Parsons, Mikeal Carl. Macon: Mercer University Press, 2004.

Gunderson, Jessica. Gothic…. [read more]


Italian Baroque Term Paper

… Italian Baroque

Art is the expression of artistic vision that carries the sign of the period of time when it was created. Baroque was born Italy from where it spread to France, Germany, Netherlands and Spain. The term "Baroque" was coined by 19th century critics, and refers to the period that started in late 16th century and ended towards the late 1700s. The Baroque style, used in architecture, sculpture, painting embodied the scientific developments - such as advances in astronomy for example - that determined a shift in the European view of the world. In fact, the developments and abundant scientific literature of the 18th century became knows as the Age of Enlightenment, a time of great economic progress which in turn gave rise to…. [read more]


Symbolism and Importance of the Rock Formation Research Paper

… Symbolism and Importance of the Rock Formation in Fra Fillipa Lippo's Madona And Child With Two Angels

The painting "Madonna with the Child and Two Angels" was painted by Fra Filippo Lippi around 1465, towards the end of his life (Lippi died in 1469) and represents a distinct break, both with Lippi's own tradition of painting religious works of art and with the way this had been done in the first decades of the 15th century. This paper will aim to analyze some of the elements of the painting and how they differ from previous works of art. More notably, the paper will aim to analyze the significance of the rock formation in the background and see how this is present in other paintings of…. [read more]


Giuliano Bugiardini and Roger Van Essay

… The work of both these artist have sufficed in doing just that! They have given the world their own version of the events which they never witnesses, but on a human level, were able to understand the importance of and the meaning of it for those who were close to the subject -- Jesus!

The paintings in no way deviate from reality -- instead they just show the human reality and not the reality that the Church offered to the people for so long!

Works Cited

Farber, Dr. Allen. Early Christian Art - An Introduction (Part 2). n.d. http://smarthistory.org/early-christian-art-in-the-2nd-and-3rd-centuries.html (accessed Sept 10th, 2011).

General Characteristics of Renaissance. n.d. http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/english/melani/cs6/ren.html (accessed Sept 10th, 2011).

Glover, Michael. Great Works: The Deposition (1436), Roger van der Weyden. August…. [read more]


Contrast the Portrait Styles and How Does Each Artist Address the Concept of Portraiture Research Paper

… Northern Renaissance Portraiture

Contrast the portrait styles and how does each artist address the concept of portraiture.

Portraiture in Jan van Eyck, Rogier van der Weyden, and Jean Fouquet

The Northern Renaissance, like the Italian Renaissance, was an age of great artistic development. However, there were considerable differences between the Northern and Italian styles in terms of the quality of portraiture. "The Italians used perspective to 'keep the beholder at a respectful distance' while the Northern artists aimed at 'admitting him to the closest intimacy'" (Held 1955: 207). The Italianate style was idealistic and highly influenced by the classics, the Northern style was more realistic. "Similarly, light as conceived by the Italians is 'quantitative and isolating' while with the transalpine painters it is 'qualitative and…. [read more]


Venus in Art Term Paper

… This painting indeed conveys to the viewer feelings of delight and joy.

Another artist who produced works that depicted the birth of Aphrodite was the French painter JA.D. Ingres. Ingres' work is considered more classical in form that Boucher's version and is part of the artistic movement known as Neoclassicism. In addition, Ingres' work draws inspiration from the past as he depicted her as she emerges from the sea.

Various representations of Aphrodite became popular especially during the 19th century. Not all of the paintings, however, attempted to communicate a serious, intellectual purpose. One example of this trend is Adolphe Bouguereau's Birth of Venus. The work itself is more dynamic than the formal, classical-feeling Venus Anadyomene of Ingres but with a much lighter feel.

The…. [read more]


Art Compare and Contrast (Giuliano Bugiardini Essay

… Art

Compare and Contrast (Giuliano Bugiardini, Madonna and Child with St. John the Baptist, 1510) and (Roger van der Wyden, Deposition, c. 1435-1438)

Renaissance Art

Compare and Contrast Giuliano Bugiardini, Madonna and Child with St. John the Baptist, and Roger van der Wyden, Deposition

There are many artistic contrasting elements and differences between Giuliano Bugiardini's Madonna and Child with St. John the Baptist, and Roger van der Wyden's Deposition. Even an initial cursory glance at the two paintings reveals differences in style and composition, with the intimacy and experimentation of a more humanistic approach on the one hand and a more mannerist and classical approach on the other.

The central thesis that will be explored in this paper is a follows; that the two paintings…. [read more]


Botticelli Sandro Term Paper

… Botticelli, Sandro

Sandro Botticelli

Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi or Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510), as he was known, was a Florentine artist who painted during the early Renaissance period. (Sandro Botticelli:Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi) He was renowned and extremely popular particularly for his Madonna paintings as well as for his interpretations of mythological, such as Venus and Mars.

He is also credited with "...pioneering new types of portraiture in Italy, influenced by Netherlandish art." (BOTTICELLI, Sandro) Botticelli was not well-known after his death but he was later recognized as one of the leading figures of the Italian renaissance.

Brief Biography and influences.

The name Botticelli was a nickname that meant "little barrel." This name was "... either the nickname of his elder brother or the name of…. [read more]


Michelangelo Was the Greatest Sculptor Term Paper

… Despite Michelangelo's cruelty, the Pieta survived, bruised and scarred, and remains a "sublime monument to the torments of love and the yearnings for salvation of Michelangelo Buronarotti."

Michelangelo is quoted as once saying, "Whenever (as very rarely happens) a great painter makes a work that seems false and deceitful, that falseness is truth, and greater truth in that place would be a lie."

From the end of the 15th century, the Florentine artistic culture showed signs of a "particular preoccupation with the analogies between human making and the creative act of God."

By the mid-16th century, Michelangelo had come to "epitomize the conception of a divine artist, to the extent that he appeared to have overcome the distinction between the two modalities."

Vasari believed that…. [read more]


Comparison Between Duccio Di Buoninsegna and Fra Filippo Lippi Term Paper

… Duccio and Fra Filippo

A Comparison of Duccio's Madonna and Child and Fra Filippo's Portrait of a Woman at a Casement

This paper will look at Duccio di Buoninsegna's Madonna and Child (ca. 1300, tempera and gold on wood, 11 x 8 in.) and Fra Filippo Lippi's Portrait of a Woman with a Man at a Casement (ca. 1440, tempera on wood, 25 1/4 x 16 1/2 in.). The contrast between the two works will be noted in both subject and style. Any comparison between the two works will be related to the fact that both paintings act as records or reflections of society and beliefs at the end. Duccio reflects the religious ideology at the end of the medieval world or the Late Middle…. [read more]

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