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Rise of Fascism Term Paper

… Rise of Fascism

The world we know now has changed along the years; has suffered mutations that left everlasting imprints. Captured by our daily activities, we seem to forget the tremendous efforts made by our ancestors, their fight for the general good and their bravery acts. But aside from these acts, the world's history is filled with infinite examples of man's cruelty, misconception or misinterpreted facts to the benefit of the few and the wrong of the many. Fascism is but one of such situations in which most of the parties involved had to suffer negative implications. Fascism represents a "totalitarian philosophy of government that glorifies the state and nation and assigns to the state control over every aspect of national life" (the Columbia Encyclopedia,…. [read more]

Rise of Communism and Fascism and Political Responses to Hitler's Aggression Term Paper

… Rise of Communism and Fascism

Rise of Communism in Russia, Fascism in Italy and Germany.

The events at the end of World War I gave rise to the three divergent, yet totalitarian, system in Europe in the 1920s; communism in Russia, fascism in Italy, and Nazism in Germany. All three were systems that were put in place because of disaffected citizenry, and all three in response to World War I. In Russia, the populace was starving, the classes very distinct, and the economy in shambles. Russian men and boys did not know why they were fighting, and many simply put down their rifles and left. Since the basic needs were not being met, time was ripe for revolution. This came about through a moderate government…. [read more]

Rise of Ngo Dinh Diem Research Paper

… ¶ … Rise of Ngo Dihn Diem

The history of Vietnam is full of number of different individuals, from across the political spectrum. One such example is Ngo Dinh Diem, he was known as a staunch anti-communist and the first President of South Vietnam. His rise would take place from humble beginnings, which were often hidden by lies and half truths. Yet, in spite of this fact, Diem's rise to power would play a role in shaping how the course of the Vietnam War would unfold. As he would serve as a bridge, that would link Vietnam directly with its colonial past; while his inevitable demise would signal a major shift in American policy in Vietnam. To fully understand the overall role that Diem played…. [read more]

Hitler's Rise Essay

… Hitler's Rise To Power

How did a man rise from near obscurity in Germany to a position of dictatorial power? How did a man who a bigoted, insignificant force in German politics become the most powerful man in Europe, who put together by far the most potent military juggernaut in Europe? This paper reviews the events and strategies that Adolph Hitler so brilliantly used -- and the politics he manipulated -- to put himself in a position to seize nearly all of Europe for Germany and put to death over 6 million Jews, gypsies, and others he determined were not of the Aryan race.

How Did He Do It? Where Did It Begin for Hitler?

"History may yet deny many things to Adolph Hitler but…. [read more]

Fascist Italy vs. Nazi Germany Essay

… As the government was seemingly unable to address the situation and Weimar republic on the verge of collapse, Hitler carried out a great power against the government that culminated in establishment of a totalitarian regime through the Nazi system. In contrast, Italy was facing political and economic challenges between 1919 and 1922 since the existing five different governments were seemingly incapable of making necessary and effective decisions. Mussolini founded the fascist party during this period and won various seats in the 1921 elections when there was threat of the left-wing revolution. At a time of riots and strikes, Mussolini and his party formed a government after a march at Rome resulting in establishment of fascism. The Nazi system was established as a solution to the…. [read more]

Nazi Rise to Power in the Early 1930 Term Paper

… ¶ … Nazis' Rise to Power

One of the chief concerns of the historian is the discovery of what underlies the currents of the past. It is not enough merely to describe those events that have transpired, or to list the persons who participated in them. One must look to root causes; to the foundations of a way of life, and a mode of thought. Time changes men and women, and men and women change time. At times, these transformations can be startling... horrific even. 1930s Germany was just one of those periods in which the very worst of human nature was brought to the fore. Human beings' basest impulses, and most savage desires, appeared then to edge out all that was, or could be,…. [read more]

Origins and Rise of National Socialism Term Paper

… ¶ … Origins and Rise of National Socialism

Since the Antiquity and until the 20th century human life or human nature has been thought to be restrained by certain imposed rules; from the Egyptians, who thought their human life was a preliminary stage of their universal existence and until the Fascists, who considered life as being a perpetual war, the worldly existence has been "chained." Having these in mind, we can reduce history to a simple axiom: the attempt of the people to escape from the chains the world tried to tie them with. Following these perspective, the human crowd has become vulnerable in front of some leaders who, in order to attain their hidden ambitions, have promised them the absolute freedom and the entire…. [read more]

Rise of Hitler in 1930s Term Paper

… ¶ … rise of Hitler in 1930s was a logical final of the outcomes of WWI and economical crisis in Weimar Republic, which paralyzed German nation for more than a decade. Moreover, Hitler's rise was legal as his party NSDAP (National-Socialist) won elections and he became Reich's counselor (prime-minister). After the death of 83-year-old president Hindenburg Hitler became the head of state or Fuhrer of Germany, which defined the history of Germany until 1989.

The phenomenon of Hitler has logical explanation. Humiliated nation, with prolonged economical crisis, social stagnation and depression was disillusioned by inability of Weimar republic to solve major national problems: unemployment, high inflation rate and poverty:.".. What the salary was worth was difficult to estimate; its value changed from month to month.…. [read more]

Rise of Hindu Fundamentalism Term Paper

… (For Dissent against Hindu Extremism)

Sewa International, in its website in a section on "Experiments and Results" with "Social Harmony" utters that social consolidation can be attained through social unity, in its task to change India. The eventual purpose of all these undertakings is Hindu Sangathan the consolidation and intensification of the Hindu society as cited by Manya H.V Seshadarji, Sarkaryawah of the RSS in the website. The task of the Hindu extremism is like all other chauvinistic movements and is done by cautiously shaping exclusionary principles whereby all non-Hindus and unorthodox Hindus found as Hindu traitors become second-class citizens. Subordination of Dalits who are the lower caste communities, validation of caste discrimination, adivasis, women and other minorities and the consolidation of a unified middle…. [read more]

Welfare State in Postwar Europe the Aftermath Essay

… ¶ … Welfare State in Postwar Europe

The aftermath of World War II saw massive changes in the global political climate philosophically, theoretically, and practically speaking. The era of direct imperialism was largely over (though this assertion would certainly be disputed by certain populations today, and with legitimate reason), and the era of nation building had, for better or worse, begun. The effects were not limited to far-flung reaches of the globe or struggling Eastern European nations, however. There was also a major shift in the styles of government utilized in Western European powers. Though in no way comparing to the excesses, abuses, and extremes of the Stalinist Soviet Union, a program of social democracy spread throughout Western Europe effected the rise of the welfare…. [read more]

Rise of Fascism in Germany From a Collective Behavior Standpoint Essay

… Fascism in Germany Collective Behavior Theory

The rise of fascism in Germany from a collective behavior standpoint

The issue of collective behavior in relation to social movements like fascism is one that is theoretically complex and problematized by a host of different variables and factors. The intention of this paper will be to attempt to provide an answer to the question; which sociological theory of collective behavior is most appropriate in terms of an understanding of the reason for the rise of fascism in Germany prior to the Second World War? The central thesis that will be explored is that value-added theory provides the most structured and intelligent basis for understanding of the reasons for this social phenomenon.

In a general sense, collective behaviour refer…. [read more]

Fascism in the Interwar Period Essay

… Generally, fascists consider the idea as the third alternative because it was a logical economic option that did not involve either communism or liberal capitalism. Contrary to the perspectives of socialists and liberal capitalists, fascists believed in the existence of inequality and different social classes the role of the State in mediating interactions between classes respectively.

Appealing Concepts about the Fascist Message:

The main reason attributed to the rise and spread of fascism during the interwar period is the fact that the fascist message consisted of various appealing elements to women, gender groups, workers, monarchists, and other socio-economic groups. First, the fascist message was appealing to these people because it was a practical economic alternative that was neither socialist nor liberal capitalist. This message was…. [read more]

Benito Mussolini History Essay

… In 1924, Mussolini was given an ultimatum.

Either he had to crush all the opposition or it would be done without him.

He feared that his own militants would revolt against him, so he dropped all the trappings of anything democratic. In 1925 he made a speech taking responsibility for the Squadrisi violence, but did not mention Matteotti's assassination.

World War II

Late in the 1930s, Mussolini made the decision that Italy and Germany should be the ones to rule Europe, and that France and Britain were essentially finished as world powers.

That made Mussolini seek out an alliance with Germany, but he held back on a full alliance because he was concerned about the weaknesses in the Italian economy and military.

He knew these…. [read more]

Sources of Anxiety Post World War I Term Paper

… World War I or what was commonly called "The War to End All Wars" resulted in the collapse of four aristocracies and many of the great Empires of Europe. In its aftermath a traumatic world was plunged into chaos and recession by a number of factors. The post war era left a generation of youth drained and disillusioned by both the war itself and the lives of the war-ravaged nations. All of this resulted in a deep set anxiety that took over much of the world and which would ultimately result into the Second World War.

The anxiety of the Post War era could be seen in almost all areas of life in the post war era, it was very evident in the intellectual and…. [read more]

Oil Standard Set Against the Dollar Research Paper

… Dollar, Oil, Economy

Analyzing the Dollar, Oil, and the Economy

The relationship of the U.S. dollar to oil and the economy is as tenuous as the dollar itself. With the Federal Reserve's power to print fiat currency comes inflation, and with inflation comes the devaluation of the dollar. This is, of course, dangerous to the world's economy -- but it does not altogether explain the incredibly rapid rise of gasoline in recent years. Matt Taibbi (2010) shows, rather, that the rise in the price of oil stems from another point -- the Commodities Futures Trading Commission. Meanwhile, politicians like Ron Paul have observed that the economy is in a poor state for a number of reasons: first, Wall Street has the government in its back…. [read more]

Power of China Research Paper

… Power of China

From the end of World War II to the early 1970s, China was relatively isolated from the global landscape. It was a part of the Soviet Communist Bloc, but remained inwardly focused on improving its own infrastructure and economy, all the while poised for rapid modernization. Openness towards the West began around 1978 with increased trade, a small amount of additional transparency internally, and at least the semblance of allowing more capitalistic templates like ownership of businesses, development of more modernized factories, etc., and less journalistic control. After 1978, Mao's successor Deng Xiaoping realized that the government had to increase the standard of living for its population, or face revolt. Deng's, and subsequent regimes, focused on market-oriented economic development. By the turn…. [read more]

Democracy Survive in a Patrimonial State? Term Paper

… ¶ … Democracy Survive in a Patrimonial State?

Like other areas of the world, the Middle East is today very much a product of colonialism. Even though the Middle Eastern nations of Palestine, Egypt, Jordan, and Iran have long been a patrimonial society, that is, having inherited its Islamic tradition from the Prophet Muhammad; Britain nonetheless colonized these nation states and imposed its imperialism upon the citizens of these Islamic nations. The individual Arab states, having in common Islam, stood as independent states; that is, they had separate governments and their ethnic mix of their populations differed. When Britain colonized these countries, it was akin to force feeding Western culture to a society that had no taste for the culture, choosing instead, as would any…. [read more]

U.S. Reliance of the National Essay

… The continental United States of America was served by units that were spread in one hundred and thirty posts that were the vestiges of the Indian wars for the most part (Doubler, 2003). 9 infantry and 2 divisions of cavalry made up the combat units. However, those units just serving as paper organizations and had little significance as none of the division was in close proximity to its sanctioned peace-time power. The Second Division had almost ten thousand men. However, this number was also four thousand men short (Sligh & Beaumont, 1992).

In 1938, Roosevelt had given considerable attention to the Army Air Corps believing that this military unit would serve as a major strength for defending the United States of America from any sea…. [read more]

Rise of Fascist Term Paper

… 'During the 1920's one or two extreme right-wing organizations appeared in Britain including the Imperial Fascist League. They were essentially symptoms of the fears about Bolshevik subversion and nationalistic attacks on the Empire."

These groups were not destined to gain the power of a later organization headed by Sir Oswald Mosley: the British Union of Fascists, founded in 1932. Mosley was able to tap into the disillusionment felt by many veterans of the First World War, and the government's difficulty coping with the Great Depression. He "claimed that when the national government failed, his movement would step in to save Britain from Communism."

For the first two years of its existence the British Union of Fascists was successful in recruiting thousands of members in depressed…. [read more]

German Fascism Term Paper

… In addition, and despite their frequent condemnation of all facets of fascism, the majority of modern, democratic politicians have adopted, and developed, the fascist propaganda techniques of stage-managed public appearances, recognizable party symbols, the effective use of technology and the media, and carefully written speeches that contain powerfully emotive slogans and catchphrases.

In conclusion, it is apparent that German fascism, despite possessing an ideology based upon oppression, racism, violence and inhumanity proved to be a highly successful and influential political power. The serious concern to emerge from the evidence produced in this paper is the possibility that in any country, as in Germany, if socio-economic crisis is combined with strongly held national traditions, disillusionment with the existing leadership, and the emergence of an inspirational figurehead…. [read more]

European Federalism: Historical Analysis Fascism Term Paper

… In Britain, several groups and associations had amalgamated in order to strive for Union for Democratic Control.

Europe and the Threat of Fascism

Italian Fascism

Why the concept of federalism in Europe emerged in the first place? As mentioned earlier, after the end of World War I, fascist movements had emerged in the European region; specifically in Italy and Germany. These fascist movements had been successful in these two countries and thus, Italian Marxist Mussolini persuaded the Italian nation to be united on basis of race and it was essential for their survival. Furthermore, he had been successful in convincing that international revolution was not needed; there was only need for national revolution. The World War I gave him the chance to Galvanize patriotic energies…. [read more]

Ensured the Success Essay

… As in the Soviet Union, thousands of books, plays, and films were banned, but an entire body of pro-Nazi culture was created to take their place. (Shirer, 241-243) The active promotion of this culture, which glorified Germany and the Aryan worker, served as both entertainment for the masses and propaganda for the state.

Of course, all these social programs cost money. Rearmament required all spare state funds, so the government established programs of "voluntary" donation and wage deduction, through which the people could fund their own enlightenment.

With the Gestapo handy to encourage reluctant donors, participation in these programs was nearly universal. (Frei, 83)

Hitler's government had achieved nothing short of a public relations miracle. Not only had the Third Reich implemented an ambitious array…. [read more]

Fascism Is a Totalitarian Philosophy of Governments Essay

… Fascism is a totalitarian philosophy of governments which glorifies a state and nation and assigns control over every aspect of national life to the state. Fascism takes the form of radical authoritarian nationalism; fascists often seek the unification of a nation through a sate that is totalitarian and seeks mass mobilization of the national community through discipline, indoctrination as well as physical training. Fascism takes the view of direct action that includes political violence as well as wars as a means of achieving a nation's rejuvenation, spirit and vitality. Fascism therefore recognizes that class conflicts occur and goes ahead to advocate a resolution that will see an end of class divisions within a nation and hence secure solidarity within a nation. Fascism is therefore characterized…. [read more]

Historical Context of 1984 Research Paper

… 1984 is one of the most visionary, compelling novels of the 20th Century. It still holds tremendous influence today among a broad swath of the liberally educated. 1984 resonates with fiction writers, politicians, and journalists alike. Fiction writers are drawn to its visceral, compelling image of a dystopian future, politicians to its various political messages, and journalists to its focus on the state's control of information.

The least visible fanbase for 1984, however, are historians. A discussion of history is often included in evaluations of the novel, especially by journalists and politicians. However, 1984 deserves an evaluation focused primarily on its historical context. Thesis: 1984, inspired by Nazi Germany and Communist Russia, illustrates the most disturbing political trends of its time, the forces that dominate…. [read more]

Race for Colonies Term Paper

… This essay briefly describes fascism and explains how fascist governments came to power in Italy and Germany.

What is Fascism?

Historians do not agree on a single or precise definition of fascism but it generally refers to a totalitarian system of government, which emphasizes an extreme form of nationalism and/or racism, rejects liberal ideals such as democracy, freedom and individual rights, and attempts to build a new idealistic and regimented society by suppressing all dissent through the use of violence. Other features of fascism include the creation of an image of a mythical glorious past of a nation that has been lost; the conception of a nation in crisis; identifying a scapegoat responsible for such loss; and mobilizing the nation towards regaining its glorious mythical…. [read more]

Spanish Civil War the Famous Research Paper

… He once again returned to the lines where he also received a bullet injury. While he was just about to recover in Spain, the Marxist party (with whom he was fighting) was dominated by the Stalin-supported government and almost everyone he was at war with got arrested. Along with his wife, he decided to escape to France by train. His wife also worked in Barcelona during the war.

It has been discovered, by some other writings of Orwell, that he was extremely angry while writing this book. Orwell has written at multiple places about how he was disgusted at the press release on Barcelona May Days that blamed Orwell's party for the chaos and fighting. However, while reading Homage to Catalonia, the reader does not…. [read more]

Allied Visions: The Success of the Atlantic Article

… Allied Visions: The Success of the Atlantic Charter, Breton Woods, The Keynesian Economy and How to Recapture It

Any fan of William Faulkner will remember a quote of his from Requiem for a Nun where observes "The past is never dead. it's not even past (Requiem for a Nun)." While frequently quoted out of context, it was spoken by character Gavin Stevens in defense of southern traditionalism. In this case, some are packaging old political economy in new packages. The author of this essay would humbly observe that this is exactly the situation that exists now with regard to the evaluation of "authoritarian capitalism." This essay will examine whether or not authoritarian capitalism is a viable alternative to its Western liberal version (Bretton Woods style,…. [read more]

European History Quarterly, at Least Term Paper

… We in the United States tend to see the tragedy of Nazism as a refusal of Germans to become engaged and to acknowledge what was happening in their societies. However, Conway's article suggests that we might interpret the events in Germany in the 1930s and 1950s in the reverse sense: If people had not been so eager to become involved in the political process and had stayed away from National Socialism, the history of the century would have been a great deal brighter.

Eric Storm's "The Rise of the Intellectual Around 1900: Spain and France" is perhaps the best article of all of those in these three issues of the journal because he most successfully manages what appear to be the twin goals of the…. [read more]

Leisure May Be the Death Term Paper

… The most obvious, as pointed out by Muller, is a common commitment to a free market economy and to political democracy, both of which are dominated by middle class values. However, there are vital differences within these broad areas of agreement, and it is these deviations that place Europe at a disadvantage when dealing with the demise of employment and the growth of leisure. America is better placed to deal with these social changes, and the subsequent economic and political fallout, because of its emphasis upon individualism, commercialism, and its perception of state assistance only as a last resort. Therefore America, as with Japan, is better able to adapt to changes in labor requirements by capitalizing on the social and economic values of competition, individual…. [read more]

Hitler Was Able to Win Power Term Paper

… Hitler was able to win power and destroy German democracy not only because of Versailles, but because the German people did not see democracy, their Weimer constitution, as worth preserving.

WWI played a key role in history of modern Germany for the remainder of the twentieth century. Failure in war, which lea to deep economical crisis and abysmal casualties (2 millions dead and 4.5 million wounded) changed the whole political and social orientation of German society. The nation, once the most dynamically developing in Europe, was humiliated, depressed and impoverished. Taxes were abnormally high and salaries became miserly. Failure in war turned into prolonged social and physiological stagnation of the whole nation, which was disillusioned by horrors of war and absurdity of its aims. The…. [read more]

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