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Robert Kennedy, Chair of the Executive Committee Term Paper

… ¶ … Robert Kennedy, Chair of the Executive Committee of the National Security Council, in Support of a Blockade of Cuba

Soviet Ballistic Missiles in Cuba

In recent days, in October 1962, a confrontation with the Soviet Union has developed over the deployment of ballistic missiles in Cuba (Cuban missile crisis, 2000). This confrontation has the unfortunate potential to develop into a major conflict between U.S. And Soviet forces, perhaps even to the point where thermonuclear war will be inevitable. This action on the part of the Soviets took the administration somewhat by surprise (McNamara, 2002). Nonetheless, when considered in light of the recent events surrounding the failed Bay of Pigs incursion, it almost seems inevitable that the Soviets would exploit Cuba's position and antagonism…. [read more]


Direct to Consumer Advertising History Term Paper

… THE DTC ADVERTISING PHENOMENON

The National Institute for Health Care Management, a nonprofit watchdog agency, estimated that expenditures in pharmaceutical advertising in the U.S. grew from an estimated $55 million in 1991 to $2.5 billion in 2001. While the numbers seem exponential, the Institute points out that the ads represented merely 16% of the entire budget for drug promotions in 2001. A historic perception perpetuated by the drug industry is that costs are driven by expenditures in research and development. This has been considered a valid argument, as advances in drug research are indeed beneficial to humanity. However, recent examination of the industry's expenditures indicates that marketing (34.4%), not R&D (13.7%), comprise the lion's share of the industry's operating expenditures.

Families USA is a nonprofit…. [read more]


Cuba Crisis Decision Making During the Missile Term Paper

… Cuba Crisis

Decision making during the missile crisis involved sequential choice over an array of non-competing courses of action, the act of making decisions led to the discovery of goals, and the decision makers were more concerned with avoiding failure than achieving successes." (Anderson 1983-page 201).

Keeping the above quote in mind, my recommendation to the President of the United States for this particular moment in time, in regards to what is commonly referred to as the "Cuban Missile Crisis" would be to do exactly what he chose to do which was to blockade Cuba until the Russians ultimately chose to back down and acquiesce to the United States demands to remove the missiles from Cuba and the United State's back door.

It was interesting…. [read more]


U.S. Congress Term Paper

… Quite often, technical analyses on legislative acts involve also several subcommittees and, as previously pointed out, experts from outside the Congress.

4. Because the U.S. Congress members have an activity comprising working in their State of origin and in the Congress building itself, floor scheduling is an important issue that decides the order at which senators take the floor in order to debate or argue for or against an Act. A bill proposed by one of the committees and recommended for discussion in the Congress is placed in chronological order on the calendar.

The Majority and Minority leaders role revolve around representing their parties in Congress debates and Congress administrative issues. The Majority leader "is charged with scheduling legislation for floor consideration; planning the daily,…. [read more]


U.S. Foreign Affairs Term Paper

… 1962 Memo Recommending Presidential Action

To the Chair, Robert Kennedy

The United States is at present faced with the threat of nuclear attack by the Soviet Union, which has installed missiles on the nation-island of Cuba, a Communist country. Cuba, being on friendly terms with the Soviet Union following the Bay of Pigs incident, entered into agreements of partnership for certain economic exchanges in support in Cuba's declining economy (Powaski, Ronald, 1998, p. 132). The relationship between the two countries has advanced, and Cuba, which did not previously declare itself to be a Communist country, has, since establishing a relationship and economic partnership with the Soviet Union, now declares itself a Communist country (the Washington Times, 2005, p. A21). As such, Cuba acts in synergy…. [read more]


Civil Rights Movement in America the Struggle Term Paper

… Civil Rights Movement in America

The struggle for the Civil Rights of the African-Americans have their roots in the slave trade era and the resulting pressure to let go the slaves in the southern states increasing every passing year during the emancipation of slaves period. The movement can be traced to as early as 1800 when Absalom Jones and several other blacks living in Philadelphia petitioned Congress against the notion of enslavement and slave trade and challenging the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793.

The heat for recognition of civil rights took centre stage with the Court ruling that the Civil Rights Act of 1875 which sought to give "all full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities, and privileges of inns, public conveyances on…. [read more]


Cuban Missile Crisis Policy Advice Thesis

… Cuban Missile Crisis

Policy Advice in the Midst of the Cuban Missile Crisis

The Cold War places us in an unenviable position. As the men and women charged with the tasks of keeping the United States secure, protecting the world from the spread of Stalinism and to promote democratic reform wherever possible. The current situation in Cuba reflects significant setbacks in all of these areas. As we stand in the thick of a crisis that brings us to the brink of nuclear war, it is upon us to determine how best to proceed that we may protect these goals without compromising our ability to demonstrate strength, decisiveness and sound judgment. As President Kennedy looks to address the mounting threat being posed by Russia on our…. [read more]


United States v. Nixon Thesis

… Watergate Break-In

The Political Significance of United States v. Nixon

The most significant political event in the United States during the 20th century may have been the Watergate scandal. The Watergate scandal began with allegations that Nixon's presidential re-election campaign engaged in extremely unethical behavior to gain an advantage. Such allegations, in and of themselves, would have caused a minor scandal. However, what made the Watergate scandal so significant was its aftermath; a sitting President was subjected to a prosecutorial subpoena. That legal precedent paved the way for the investigation into the Iran-Contra controversy and the Clinton debacle in the very last part of the 20th century. Moreover, Watergate revealed some significant problems with the American justice system. It demonstrated that soft money and shortened…. [read more]


Inter-Parliamentary Union and Its Role in Enhancing International Law Term Paper

… Inter-Parliamentary Union and Its Role in Enhancing International Law

Legal Status of the Inter-Parliamentary Union

The Development of the International Institutions

The Public International Unions

The Private International Unions

Historical background of the IPU

Brief Overview of the IPU Statutes (Assemblies and Committees, Members,

Functions, Goals and Activities)

The Relationship between the IPU and the United Nations

Beneficial Cooperation between the IPU and the United Nations (Common

Goals, Agenda and Concerns)

The Importance of the Recognition of the IPU Contribution

The Role the IPU Played in Implementing Decisions taken by the Assembly of the United Nations and the Implementation of the Millennium Development

Goals

The UN as a Framework of International Machinery for the Peaceful

Settlement of Disputes

What Role can the IPU Play in…. [read more]


History of Espionage Class Reading Essay

… History Of Espionage Class Reading Study Guides

Jeffrey Burds, Chapter 19 of World of the Shadows: An International History of Espionage (The Golden Age of Soviet "Illegals")

This chapter opens with a quote from Stalin, who in 1937 questioned the prevailing belief that bourgeoisie states would refrain from sending "spies, wreckers, saboteurs and assassins" into socialist states.

Chapter 19 then moves to a discussion of the so-called "Cambridge Five," a group of five British nationals who spied for the Soviets during WWII.

Donald Maclean (1915-1983), Foreign Office secretary, Paris, Washington, Cairo, London.

Guy Francis de Moncy Burgess (1910-1963), BBC broadcaster, agent in MI6, secretary to Deputy Foreign Minister

Harold Adrian Russell ("Kim") Philby (1912-1988), journalist, agent in MI6, "The Third Man"

Anthony F. Blunt (1907-1983),…. [read more]


No-Fault Compensation in UK Medical Malpractice Thesis

… 2 The survey tried to quantify the frequency and/or severity of adverse effects through a population sampling experienced as a result of their medical treatment. The respondent sample consisted of 3638 men and 4568 women, or a total population of 8,206.



395, or 4.8% (4.8 in every 100) patients felt that they had suffered some illness, injury or impairment, which directly resulted from their medical treatment or care. This figure is slightly higher than the estimates derived using the methodology from the Harvard Medical Malpractice Study, which estimated that 3.7 in every 100 patients suffered "adverse effect." The report noted that the proportion responding "positively declined with increasing age and was inversely associated with social grade." Further, the report stated, "there was…. [read more]


Weaknesses in the Legal System as it Relates to Deaf People Term Paper

… ¶ … rights and interests of deaf people have been overlooked by agencies of government that has repeatedly pledged to provide equality and full participation. In response, our outcry has been relatively muted. Discussed in some detail below is the outrageous spectacle of the highest court in the land deciding to minimize the protection afforded by our principal civil rights law which is known as the ADA. To combat for the rights of the disable, is there anyone marching in the street or demonstrating in front of the Supreme Court? No, the response is primarily in the form of a few letters to the editor and erudite criticism by several legal scholars.

The Supreme Court has treated the cause of civil rights for people with…. [read more]


Foreign Policy of China (Beijing Thesis

… But just as China (Beijing consensus)'s economic and military power does not yet match that of the United States, China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power still has a long way to go as demonstrated by a Chicago Council on Global Affairs poll. China (Beijing consensus) does not have cultural industries like Hollywood, and its universities are not yet the equal of the United States. It lacks the many non-governmental organizations that generate much of U.S. soft power. Politically, China (Beijing consensus) suffers from corruption, inequality, and a lack of democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. While that may make the "Beijing consensus" attractive in authoritarian and semi-authoritarian developing countries, it undercuts China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power in the West. Although China (Beijing consensus)'s new…. [read more]

NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.