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Role of Private Investment on Economic Development in Iraq Literature Review

… Role of Private Investment on Economic Development in Iraq

Private investment in developing countries

An overview on early Empirical studies

In 1980s, the developing countries encountered some increment in their development behaviours with debt crisis, which affected the formation of capital. Concurrently, the affected countries were transforming from the post-era to a structural reform efforts. In mid 1980s, the developing countries adopted the reform programs within the new paradigms (Serven&Salimano, 1993) & (Jaspersen, Aylward&Sumlinski, 1970). Consequently, this led to the formation of environmental private sector that highly relied on the existing market. The formation and implementation of the new policies affected the availability of response to the private investments. The debt crisis lowered the private investments within the developing countries and this disheartened them. The…. [read more]


Tourism Profile for Australia Research Paper

… Tourism Australia

Tourism Profile for Australia

Tourism is one of the most important industries of Australia due to which it is counted as the eighth largest tourism market of the world. Australia provides to its visitors stable and secure environment; therefore every year a large population of local and overseas tourist visit Australia for exploring adventure and discovering beautiful places that have natural and cultural significance.

Australia has not only developed the natural destinations for its visitors but it also has a big range of cultural assets, which attract tourist towards it. For instance, it has art galleries, museums, historic places and live art that include theatres and live concerts, which not only educate but also entertain visitors (Foo & Rossetto, 1998). This paper will…. [read more]


Role of Tourism on Economic Sustainability in Japan Research Proposal

… ¶ … role of tourism on economic sustainability in Japan

General Economic Overview of Japan

With a gross domestic product of $4,290 billion, Japan is currently the fourth largest economy of the globe, after the European Union, the United States and China (Central Intelligence Agency, 2008). The economic growth has been basically sustained by the reproduction activities, basically materialized in "childbirth, education and socialization, along with the everyday revitalization of the labour force" (Hiroko, 2004). The state officials made increased efforts to sustain the industrial development and invested impressive sums of money into technological innovations. Japan still outperforms the United States in terms of total factor productivity growth. Japan also registers higher shares of investment in the gross domestic product than the average of most…. [read more]


Role of Tourism on Economic Sustainability in Japan Research Proposal

… ¶ … role of tourism on economic sustainability in Japan

Economic Sustainability

The syntax of economic sustainability is more and more commonly used nowadays - it has in fact become a new buzzword (D'Arge, Norgaard, Olson, and Somerville, 1991) within the business community and it is now being borrowed by other fields as well. There are various definitions of the economic sustainability, some of the most relevant ones being presented below:

Economic sustainability encompasses growth, development, productivity and trickle-down effects" (Clement and Kraemer, 2000, p.14)

Economic sustainability may be thought of as choosing policies or strategies that result in non-declining economic welfare (where welfare includes market / financial as well as non-market considerations)" (Adamowicz and Burton, 2003, p.185).

In a formal analysis, one could perhaps…. [read more]


Needs for Local Participation in Tourism Development in Bueng Kan Province Thailand Multiple Chapters

… ¶ … Local Participation in Tourism Development in Bung Kan Province

The tourism industry is an important element of economic development sector around the world, especially in many developing countries that possess natural resources that are amenable to tourism development. The experiences to date show that besides major metropolitan areas, people living in rural areas of developing countries can also gain benefits from the tourism. These outcomes indicate that around the world, tourism frequently plays a vital role in terms of helping to decrease poverty levels and boost communities' economic development (Hong-Long and Kayat, 2011). Not surprisingly, then, tourism has been advocated for economic development purposes for emerging nations in an increasing number of instances in recent years (Hong-Long and Kayat, 2011).

Developing countries can…. [read more]


Popularity of Tourist Destinations Tourism SWOT

… Popularity of Tourist Destinations

Tourism can be defined as travel by people for leisure or business purposes to any destination outside their usual environment (MAS, 2009). The international tourism industry churns out billions of dollars every year. Many countries develop their infrastructure and other political activities around building up their tourism industry in order to attract foreign remittances (OROZCO, Manuel, 2005). Success of a country's tourism industry provides it with an influx of foreign currency, becoming the backbone for any economy. In a perfect world, tourism should increase globally year on year. However, this is not the case, as it is not a perfect world. In the previous few years, the tourism industry has experienced a decline in the numbers of tourists visiting other countries…. [read more]


Tourism in Thailand Economic, Social Book Report

… The young people get attracted to the way the foreigners dress and try to adapt them. Also, cross cultural marriages are becoming more common among locals as well.

Strict regulations should be posed upon the tourists who visit the country. They should be notified on appropriate land usage, the dos and don'ts of visiting Thailand. Nowadays, for the sustainability of tourism, Thailand is using "Rural Tourism" as target. Rural tourism could be explained with the help "Rural Development," which is a process that gives a rise in the capacity of rural people to control the environment, resulting from more extensive use of the benefits which ensure such control. Sustainable development is the way to raise living standards, to allow people to reach their human potential,…. [read more]


Role of Conferences Term Paper

… Jordan, although carrying social stigmas from political leanings in past days, is a site of natural beauty, promises of unique experience, and exposure to a kind people. In conjunction with my desire to prepare a high quality doctoral dissertation, I consider it an honor to propose well-thought-out solutions to the economic gap for Jordanians and add my voice to the culturally-sensitive people intent on making the world a better place for everyone inhabiting it.

References

Adams PD and Parmenter BR, 'An Applied General Equilibrium Analysis of the Economic Effects of Tourism in a Quite Small, Quite Open Economy', Applied Economics, 27, 1995, pages 985-994.

Armstrong, H and Taylor, J, 'Regional Economics and Policy' Harvester Wheatsheaf, New York, 1993.

Auditor-General, 'Sydney Olympics 2000: Performance Audit Report:…. [read more]


Tourist Behavior Toward Nature-Based Tourism Multiple Chapters

… The primary concept that is a part of ecotourism is that it entails consciousness and admiration of the Mother Nature and the activities based on it (Fennell, 2001, 2008).

Another concept that is a vital part of ecotourism is pertinent to the regional communal groups like contribution (Ross and Wall, 1999), prospective advantages (Honey, 2008) and authorisation (Scheyvens, 2002). The next concept is related to knowledge (Honey, 2002) and such tourism in which people consider themselves accountable (Fennell and Dowling, 2003). Lastly, ecotourism fosters maintainability (Blamey, 2001; Cole and Sinclair, 2002) and preservation (Wood, 2002).

Although various experts have investigated the definition, influence and shortcomings of ecotourism, comparatively less have discovered the viewpoints and behaviours of players dealing with the supply chain connecting a traveller…. [read more]


South Korean & German Trade Show Industry Dissertation

… Trade Show Industry in Germany and South Korea



Trade as Marketing and Communication



Area of Study



Study Components



The History of Trade



History of Trade Shows



Patterns of Trade Shows



Marketing Theories



Trade Shows and Market Entry



Development of the Trade Show Industry



Contributions of the Trade Show Industry



Marketing Processes in the Trade Show Industry



Marketing Planning and Tactical Considerations in the Trade Show Industry



Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research



Data Analysis Plan



COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVES OF THE TRADE SHOW INDUSTRY…. [read more]


Inflation Unemployment and Phillips Curve in China Dissertation

… Inflation, Unemployment and Phillips Curve in China

Research particularities

Inflation, unemployment and their definitions

The problem of inflation

The definition of inflation

Measures of inflation

How inflation is measured

Global values of inflation

Types of inflation

Issues raised by inflation

The problem of unemployment

The definition of unemployment

Measures of unemployment

How unemployment is measured

Global values of inflation

Issues of unemployment

The Phillips curve

Defining the Phillips curve

The original Phillips curve

Mathematics behind the original Phillips curve

The modified Phillips curve

Mathematics behind the modified Phillips curve

Two Phillips curves

The Phillips curve in China

General information about China

People's Republic of China interest rates

Phillips curves in China

Relationship between inflation and unemployment in short-term and long-term

The real estate bubble in…. [read more]


Mexico Regional Leader Research Paper

… Miguel Sahagun

Mexico: Regional Leader

It was over twenty years ago that Mexico began opening up its trade with the implementation of a number of unilateral policies and its accession to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1986. Since then it has been increasing its presence on international markets, and activities related to external trade have grown to the extent that they currently account for nearly two thirds of its GDP.

Bilateral, regional and multilateral negotiations have yielded preferential conditions for access to markets in goods and services over third countries. There is currently a network of twelve FTAs providing secure, preferential access to the markets of 44 countries, over one billion potential consumers and three-quarters of world GDP. There are also…. [read more]


Stock Portfolio Management Project Selected Term Paper

… But, if the $10,000 was kept in reserves and then invested one year later, the present value of the $10,000 would be different. The present value of the $10,000 in the future would need to be calculated. Calculating present value forces investors to first subtract the accumulated interest. In other words, a future payment amount must be discounted by the current interest rate or the previous calculation can be rewritten to replace the P. variable with present value (PV):

If and when the investor chooses not to invest in an interest bearing investment, choosing option B, they are deciding to invest in an investment that does not pay, in this example, four and half percent.

First Year Return = $10,000 x (0.045 + 1)-1 =…. [read more]


Role of Land Settlement Cooperative in the Kingdom of Thailand and Its Business Performance Term Paper

… Role of Land Settlement Cooperative in the Kingdom of Thailand and Its Business Performance

Prior to the Cooperative Crisis

Agriculture is a mark of civilization for the mankind.

It is beyond economy.

It is a part of our society, and a part of our culture." (Kittiampon)

Interview: Thailand...," 2000)

Cooperative Contentions

This researcher contends that in Thailand, an agricultural cooperative's business duties, when dealing with farmers may be divided into two primary scopes:

The first "scope" consists of the original idea founding the agricultural cooperative, focusing on money, in the realms of either savings or loans.

Another "scope," marketing needs to cover the dual aspects of marketing agricultural products, such as providing pertinent agricultural input to members and gathering members' products to resell.

The primary…. [read more]


Promoting Performance Culture in Organizations Enhancing Sustainable Organizational Productivity of SME's in Gambia Dissertation

… ¶ … independence less than half a century ago, the Gambia stands at a vital crossroads in its brief history as a nation today. On the one hand, the Gambia enjoys the natural beauty, friendly people, low cost of living and geographic proximity to Europe to make it a desirable tourist destination, particularly for those who are interested in so-called eco-tourism. On the other hand, though, the Gambia lacks many of the natural resources that have helped similarly situated countries become economically viable in an increasingly globalized marketplace. Indeed, a majority of the nation's citizenry is still heavily dependent on agriculture for their livelihood, and literacy rates in the Gambia remain dismally low. In this environment, identifying opportunities for promoting a performance culture in Gambian…. [read more]


Impact of Globalization on Developing Countries Thesis

… ¶ … Globalization on Developing Countries

Globalization is an increasingly widespread phenomenon in the world today. Indeed, an increasing amount of countries are entering the global arena in order to take advantage of all that is offered. Both developing and developed nations are now working together to create the concept of the "Global Village," in which every country, business and individual has the opportunity to create a livelihood on a global scale.

This is not to say however that globalization does not have its challenges. One of the major problems the world currently faces is the increasing gap between the rich and the poor, as well as obesity and hunger. The rich and powerful countries appear to exploit as much as they can of the…. [read more]


Convergence and Divergence in the Context of Globalization Essay

… Convergence Divergence

Labor Divergence/Convergence

Agriculture Divergence/Convergence

Voice Divergence/Convergence

Economic and Democratic Divergence/Convergence

Consumerism Divergence/Convergence

Import/Export Divergence/Convergence

Three varied economic views on globalization as they represent the core of the debate regarding globalization, as each camp stresses its take on the negative and/or positive outcomes of the increasingly globalized economy. Convergence and divergence in many areas of the global economy are discussed.

This work discusses the three varied economic views on globalization as they represent the core of the debate regarding globalization, as each camp stresses its take on the negative and/or positive outcomes of the increasingly globalized economy. Convergence and divergence in many areas of the global economy are discussed. In a more general sense "convergence is inevitable in the context of globalization." Meaning that…. [read more]


Management Philosophy Management's Principal Characteristic Essay

… These management philosophies are different from the management approach proposed by He (2011). He (2011) identifies the Chinese approach based on the Confucian Philosophy, which identifies that the key idea is the achievement of strategic alignment. The philosophy especially identifies the creation of alignment between individual's behavior and organizational strategy. This is different from other management philosophies for He (2011) proposes that teamwork is essential in creating individual drive in the larger organization, which is part of Confucian values. The article identifies that this management philosophy follows Confucian values, which make the heart of management strategies for Chinese companies in the Silicon Valley. The article finds from the analysis of case studies that the alignment of management strategies with Confucian values has led to the…. [read more]


Dream World Essay

… ¶ … Tourism Industry is attracting more attention by nations across the world, as in Australia, as a sustainable source of income. This is due in part to the fact that there is more global connectedness, and a larger global population that is in a better economic position to travel abroad and know the world. In coastal regions where industries are difficult to built and sustain, cities have started evolving as tourist attractions. There has been a lot of research activity in the academic domain addressing the specific domains of differentiation, travel destination, image building, and potential economic impact of tourism on the overall economic structure and movement of such centers (Fredline, 2002).

Even as the tangible effects of tourism are being explored with greater…. [read more]


Analyzing the Asian Economies Term Paper

… South Asian Economy

South Asia comprises of Afghanistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives, Pakistan, Bhutan and India. The region hosts about 600 million people who are currently undergoing a lot of socioeconomic changes. There are new forms of poverty and new forms of wealth that continue to emerge in the region. Conflicts over rights, power, social injustices and identity have become a common phenomenon among the people who live in this region. However, South Asia is a region of diversity and comprises of eleven countries that have different cultural traditions, history, political and economic systems, and resource bases, save for the geographic proximity and similar ecology and tropical environment. They share a few characteristics that link the entire region into a coherent whole (Brass,…. [read more]


Improving the City of St Term Paper

… Improving City of Saint John's_

VI .Conclusion

Allocation of land for building nature or wildlife reserves in cities that are still developing gives children in such neighborhoods an opportunity to become more conscious about their environment. They in the process appreciate the need for environmental conservation. Nature and wildlife reserves have both social and economic benefits to the residents of such cities. The benefits can be varied and does include creation of employment opportunities and source of revenue for city authorities to mention but a few. This paper seeks to illuminate the benefits the City of St. John's Newfoundland, Canada is likely to accrue when it puts in place nature and wildlife reserves.

Bolduc, M., Guha, M., Laurendeau, E., & Satienpoch, M. (2003). WPI --…. [read more]


Marketing on Hospitability Industry in Thailand Literature Review

… ¶ … Marketing on Hospitability Industry in Thailand

Overview of Eco-Marketing on Hospitality Industry

In the contemporary competitive business environment where a substantial market share has become one of the important strategies to stay in business, increasing number of businesses are using eco-marketing to achieve competitive market advantages. However, global sustainability awareness has made large number of consumers to be selective in the product they consume because many products and services have been linked to health outcomes. In other word, consumers' attitude towards environmentalism has become a global phenomenon where businesses have risen to seize the opportunities to respond to environmental challenges by adopting the eco-marketing. (Jain, 2004). Increase in global sustainable awareness has made the concept eco-marketing to become prominent in the marketing plan…. [read more]


Management Philosophies Samsung Group Essay

… Another article by Kamii & Ewing (1996), states that it is impossible for learners to establish high levels of relationships with what they observe unless they incorporate certain levels of knowledge to it. According to Kamii & Ewing (1996), cooperative learning methodology brings great maintenance of material and an increase in the transfer of learning. Jean Piaget insisted that constructivism would advance to other philosophical theories because the ideas are innovative and concepts can change with time.

Narrative

The article by Ruth-Sahd is about social collectivism. The article bases on concepts of observation in a nursing clinical setting. The article also incorporates personal experiences of nurses. Observation and personal experiences help nurses in learn of effective management practices that will help them in their nursing…. [read more]


Brazil Sustainable Development in Amazon Term Paper

… Brazil: Sustainable Development in the Amazon

While it is generally regarded as true that developing countries offer more biodiversity than developed ones, and that the developed countries are not particularly receptive to 'native' products, there are exceptions. Two of these, pharmaceuticals especially and also ecotourism, are potentially lucrative avenues for Brazil to explore in order to minimize the disparity in income among its divergent populations. While there has been some development in both cases, more often, development has been of the industrial variety -- not even the technological sort -- and has brought with it vast damage to both populations and the rain forest. There are, however, in a post-modern 'transformational' economic model, abundant reasons to develop both of these industries, and Brazil is poised…. [read more]


Antigua Guatemala Coffee Business Plan

… Any well-funded and large company, where capital is not an issue might be potential entrants because they have a solid brand image in the business sector (Blackwell, 2011).

Rivalry: in this market segment, there are many big players. With the high number of small-scale coffee shops, big players must battle with small players across the market segments. With customers increasingly taking coffee home, it provides the convenience, which is the main factor for players. There is an intense competition in this industry, as companies must battle each other to increase their customer base.

Bargaining power of suppliers: there is a high bargaining power for suppliers. The developments in technological innovations like the automated coffee machines and espresso machines have made them bargain over the industry.…. [read more]


Environmental Issues Faced in 21st Research Paper

… The main technique for controlling stormwater releases is the application of best administration practices (BMPs) that stop or diminish the release of contaminants into a water body (e.g., building of a stormwater holding pond to stop stormwater drainage straight into getting waters). best administration practices appropriate for one airport are not necessarily appropriate for another. Issues that may have some kind of an affect on permit supplies (i.e., suitable best administration practices), include the local climate (dry vs. rainy/wet, cold vs. warm); (Suzanne & Fallacaro, 2011).

the size or type of neighboring water bodies -- contaminants are weak depending on the size of the water body getting the release (a stream or creek vs. A river or ocean);

the water excellence of neighboring water bodies…. [read more]


Political Framework of EU Thesis

… As a result, European nations looked forward to developing nations such as Asia, Africa and South America for the purchase of these necessities. For developing nations this was an opportunity to become known as suppliers of grist, therefore, they were willing to enter into this trade agreement. However, what European Leaders wanted was more than a simple trade agreement; their aim was to enforce their rules on these nations, making them colonies of the infinite European empire. Therefore, they entered into the agreement after setting out a lot of rules for the dependent nations to follow. As time passed by, these rules made the European leaders indirectly administer the nation, thus the nations became a part of European empire. History reveals that the imperialism is…. [read more]


Evaluating and Explaining Organizational Accountability in Emergency Management of Typhoon Morakot a Citizens Perspective Literature Review

… ¶ … Organizational Accountability in Emergency Management of Typhoon Morakot: A Citizens' Perspective -- Literature Review Chapter

Typhoon Morakot

The contemporaneous society is unfortunate enough to be witnessing numerous natural calamities. The debate over the causes of these calamities is ongoing, with some arguing the very force of nature and its changing shapes, whilst others blaming the changes on the devastating actions of man, which pollute and change the natural environment. In other words, there is the belief according to which more natural calamities occur as a result of global warming. This view is shared by the environment specialists at the United Nations, who include the Morakot Typhoon on the list of the most significant climate anomalies from 2007 through 2009. They refer to the…. [read more]


Southeast Asia SARS Outbreak of 2003 Term Paper

… Southeast Asia SARS outbreak of 2003: The anatomy of an epidemic.

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome or SARS is a viral respiratory illness that emerged as a serious global threat to health in March 2003. It first appeared in Southern China in November 2002. The illness was to spread to over a dozen countries in North America, South America, Europe, and Asia before it was contained. (Basic Information About SARS)

While the epidemic has been contained yet it raises a number of important issues that will be discussed in the paper. These include the question of the genesis and origins of the virus and the consequences, in both the short and long terms, of SARS as one of a number of previously unknown viral infections affecting…. [read more]

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