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Romans 1 -- 8 Teaches Essay

… The fact that the Roman Empire promoted different religious ideologies did not stop numerous citizens from deciding to choose God as their spiritual leader. Paul actually reinforces this idea by referring to God by using a personal pronoun. This demonstrates that the Apostle did not think of God as being an abstract entity, as he actually believed that He was his friend and his savior.

Paul thanks God by referring to Jesus Christ as a means through which he is enabled to reach out to the divine. This further emphasizes the fact that inter-human relationships had become especially complex by that time and that Paul practically describes Jesus Christ as a mediator meant to guarantee a stronger connection between believers and God.

Paul's statement brings…. [read more]

Roman Religion Although the Ancient Term Paper

… "

Aeneas marks this altar as specifically Roman according to not only the city's religious tradition, but also its cultural tradition of dress of mythical history. One can see a possible motivation for this intentional linking when considering the other figures depicted in the Ara Pacis' friezes, and particularly the image of Augustus. The procession of which Augustus is a part represents "the processions that would have taken place in 'real life' around the sides of the precincts, leading up to the altar itself -- and perhaps, more specifically, that procession which took place on the day the altar was first consecrated."

Recognizing this is crucial for understanding the depictions relation to both Roman religious practice and political life, because the particular representation of Augustus…. [read more]

Roman Portraiture Comparison Both the Head Term Paper

… Roman Portraiture Comparison

Both the head of the emperor, and as great a Roman emperor as Marcus Aurelius, could be commemorated in stone, and the head of an anonymous Roman matron. In an age before photography, art was used to both capture the essence of the national leadership of the Roman emperor, and used as a kind of status calling card for the aspiring bourgeois of Rome, within the context of the art galleries of their own homes, to be displayed to ordinary visitors.

In her short chapter, "Portraiture and Commemoration" Eve D'Ambra writes in her book Roman Art notes that the commissioning of a portrait head in marble or stone played a crucial role in Roman society for the aspiring Roman elite. By commemorating…. [read more]

Roman Identity Thesis

… Roman Urbanization

Why was Urbanization an Important Element for the Construction of a Roman Identity?

The challenges of nation and empire building have been a fascination of western civilization since before the industrial revolution, which marked a period of massive alterations in the development of urban centers for trade and commerce in such societies. Yet, it must also be made clear that the development of urban centers occurred in the model society, for much of Western development, i.e. Rome. Roman identity was in fact, largely based on the functional and fundamental development that made urbanization in building a culture possible. It is in fact fair to say that the development of Roman identity was fundamentally dependant on urbanization, as the city state was the most…. [read more]

Identity Theft in America and the Rest Term Paper

… Identity Theft

In America and the rest of the world that uses internet regularly the emerging issue or the problem is that of identity theft. It is considered to be the fastest growing crime in America as millions of victims have been reported over a period of last couple of years. Identity theft is a crime when someone uses the personal information such as name, Social Security number, credit card number or other identifying information, without the permission of the concerned person to commit fraud or other crimes typically for economic gain. Identity theft can happen to anyone when an opportunity arises and thieves are not very particular to one's age.

Unlike our fingerprints, which are unique to each one of us and cannot be…. [read more]

Roman Empire in Greece Research Paper

… The different approach Rome took in Asia Minor rather than Gaul is indicated, as Salmeri notes, by the fact that Gallia "Narbonenensis sent its men to the Senate well ahead of Asia, although the latter had been created a province some years before Narbonensis" (Salmeri 2000: 56). But it was also, in Salmeri's view, not a deliberate slight: instead, the different ruling strategies that were pursued in the Hellenistic east when Rome "realized that the system of government adopted in Spain and Gaul would not do for an area like Asia Minor which was marked by robust development and urbanization" (Salmeri 2000: 55). The context of Hellenistic interaction between city-states -- rather than large tribal areas like Gaul -- means that perhaps Dionysius is attempting…. [read more]

Roman History and Civilization Term Paper

… ¶ … Roman in the context of ancient Roman society? On its surface, such a question seems obvious. To be Roman means to be a citizen, of course, to be a part of the great, famously "grand" empire that was Imperial Rome. But in analyzing the particular texts of the Roman period the question of who constituted a citizen in the ancient Roman empire, and of the ways in which the "public cult" of Roman civic and religious obedience was observed, this easy analysis of Roman identity is called into question. This paper will advance the thesis that Roman identity originated as a fixed and highly codified concept in a legal sense because of the distinction of citizens and slaves that became problematic with the…. [read more]

Roman View of Christianity Early Term Paper

… It is not surprising, Celsus continues, that Christian beliefs are so nonsensical when those who believe them are drawn from the least intelligent and rational members of society. The Christian message, he argues is given to no-one 'who has been instructed, or who is wise or prudent (for such qualifications are deemed evil by us); but if there be any ignorant, or unintelligent, or uninstructed, or foolish persons, let them come with confidence.'

He condemns Christians for not giving rational justifications for their beliefs but instead saying '"Do not examine, but believe!" and, "Your faith will save you!" And ... such also say, "The wisdom of this life is bad, but that foolishness is a good thing!"

He urges people to reject such teachings and…. [read more]

Diasporic Identities: In Othello Essay

… Both these men are clearly and totally diasporic. Lastly the conversion of characters each to a position where they attempt to assimilate into the culture where they find themselves wandering (Kurtz to the black Congo culture and Othello to Roman white) does nothing to ease the diasporic identity in fact makes both a victim of serious criticism. Clearly this is what it means to have a diasporic identity, a man has no home, and every culture he tries to assimilate in will let him go only so far. Kurtz would be rejected by both his origin culture and his adopted one to some degree (the people of the Congo still set him apart as different) and Othello would be rejected by his adopted culture to…. [read more]

Terrorists and Social Identity Theory News Research Paper

… Terrorists and Social Identity Theory

News in Psychology

Viewing Terrorists through the Lens of Social Identity Theory

Viewing Terrorists through the Lens of Social Identity Theory

The clinical psychologist Dr. Dale Archer saw red when the news media began to characterize the two brothers accused of carrying out the Boston Marathon bombing as "losers" (2013). What seems to bother Archer at a deep level is the belief that more and more young people disillusioned with their lives increasingly feel justified to use violence to vent their angst. Archer has posted blog entries on this topic in the past, so it appears to be a topic he is familiar with. What seemed to trigger his most recent post was not that mass murder may be on…. [read more]

Dissociative Identity Disorder (Did) Research Paper

… However, the diagnosis is much more common in women than men and the ratio of women to men with DID is somewhere from 5:1 to 9:1 (APA, 2000). The cause of DID is unknown; although inevitability people suffering from this disorder have experience some form of traumatic event, most often childhood abuse (APA, 2000). Ross (1996) discusses four types of causal factors associated with DID: 1) a traumatic life event, 2) a vulnerability for the disorder to develop in the person (e.g., susceptibility to being hypnotized), environmental factors such as poor coping skills or role models and, 4) a lack of or absence of external support.

On examination patients with DID will not appear to be unusual except for some instances of forgetfulness. Often a…. [read more]

Problem of Identity in Shakespeare's Plays Essay

… Identity in Shakespeare

Clearly one of the most influential writers in the English language that has survived and prospered in contemporary times is William Shakespeare. Despite some of the controversy of whether he actual wrote what is attributed to him, or the other theories of the origination of his writing, no one can deny that the "Bard of Avon" holds a place in literature that few, if any, have attained. The classic stories and phrases of Shakespeare permeate contemporary society -- young love epitomized by Romeo and Juliet, treachery and false betrayal in Othello, the way the universe and nature conspire in the Tempest, numerous common phrases: "All that glitters is not gold" (the Merchant of Venice), "Cry havoc and let slip the dogs of…. [read more]

Roman Holiday Thesis

… Roman Holiday

Film Review: "Roman Holiday' (1953)

Roman Holiday" is a fantasy film, a kind of Cinderella-story in reverse. It tells the story of a princess, played by Audrey Hepburn, who must pretend to be a commoner, and pursue common rather than aristocratic pleasures, to find her true self. She rides on a Vespa motor scooter, eats an ice cream cone, and sees tourist sites with an ordinary man, who just happens to be a journalist. She gains a new sense of personal authority and autonomy that makes her more mature and able to fulfill her official duties. To pull off the difficult feat of creating a fantasy romantic film where the romantic protagonists never have any real hope of 'being together,' the film is…. [read more]

Identity of Egyptians Term Paper

… Egyptian Identity

The Identity of Egyptians

The controversy about the identity of the ancient Egyptians has been going on for generations, but only now that (everywhere in the world) Africans are achieving their much-delayed social and financial equity with Europeans has the controversy really heated up. Previously, there were few voices "out there" to contradict white redactionist claims that the great civilizations of ancient Africa had their origins among white people. For the most part, the few critics of such theories were white themselves, and not too sorry when the white-origins advocates tried to shut them up. Sometimes it was like, "Ok, I have done my duty as a scientist by remarking how unlikely it is that whites founded any of Africa's great ancient civilizations.…. [read more]

Presence of Non-Romans Throughout the History Research Paper

… Presence of Non-Romans

Throughout the history of Rome, there were a series of transformations that were taking place. One area where this was most evident is inside the Roman army. As these changes, were designed to deal with current and future challenges. Yet, many of these adjustments were based upon: addressing underlying needs and reflecting the social changes that were occurring in society. Over the course of time, these shifts would transform the identity of Rome itself. To fully understand what is taking place requires looking at: how these adjustments were occurring and the lasting effect they had on its characteristics / loyalty. Together, these different elements will highlight how these changes transformed the way Rome looked at itself. This is the point that these…. [read more]

Persecution of Early Christians Research Paper

… The persecution of early Christians by Romans

Before becoming a prominent and established religion, Christianity was a persecuted religion in the Roman Kingdom. It progressed from a small religion to well established one in the medieval West, and elsewhere for that matter. However, the history of its persecution needs to be revisited.

"Where there were some periods in the early centuries of the AD era, the Christians were generally punished and prosecuted and were often killed by the Romans. Christians, as a group, were first prosecuted by the Roman emperor Nero. This was not only the first time they were subjected to punishment, but also this was the worst kind of persecution they had ever received" (Lunn-Rockliffe, 2011).

The event that led to this worst…. [read more]

New Testament Book of Romans Research Proposal

… New Testament Book Of Romans

God inspired Paul to write the New Testament Book of Romans, and several other books in the New Testament, as well as inspired other men to write the books of the Bible, Sir Isaac Newton asserts. Along with the "discovery" God authored the words in the Bible men wrote; that Biblical words evolve more than from mere human musings, Newton crafted calculus, discovered the laws of motion, as well as the law of gravitation, and constructed the first reflecting telescope. Newton boldly professed his Christian faith, and before he died, wrote more than a million words of notes on the Bible.

Paul, of Jewish origin and identity; noted in Romans. 11:1: "I am an Israelite myself, a descendant of Abraham,…. [read more]

Jewish Identity Term Paper

… Jewish identity, or the way in which Jews perceive themselves and how others view them, has not been easy to answer for most parts of Jewish history. This is mainly because Jews are not easily categorized. They are not a race as they do not share a common ancestry and people of different races have become Jews over the years. They are neither a nationality, having been dispersed throughout the world for over two thousand years. Even as a religion, Judaism is not a pure religious faith like Christianity or Islam, since it has an ethnic dimension and it does not easily assimilate outsiders. However, exploring Jewish identity is a useful exercise as it gives us a deeper perspective on the Jewish people, their history…. [read more]

Constantine and Eusebius Term Paper

… [footnoteRef:8] [8: Ibid. p. 133]

In short Eusebius, beyond Constantine created a legacy with his craft that demonstrated the avenue for recognition that was only possible for Constantine and Christianity because of his skill. Eusebius spread the word of Christianity and created a system of learning that dominated the western tradition until the scientific revolution, and even then was still supported by virtue of tradition and propriety. The renaissance period in western history supports a revival of this type of education and Constantine really becomes a prominent figure in history and research during this period as well, dominating the ideals and standards of what it meant to be a scholar and what it meant to be a Christian. The enculturation of Christianity in the Roman…. [read more]

Luhrmann 2001 Thesis

… Identity

Is this explanation sufficient, or do you see other factors (e.g., global, economic, relational, etc.) at work in the way we understand identity?

Identity is, as Luhrmann suggests, dynamic. Identity changes dramatically over time, but the speed and intensity of those changes depend on personality, cultural, and historical factors. Global, economic, relational, and other factors contribute to how an individual's identity is constructed and communicated. Identity is conceptualized differently in academia, too. The intense scrutiny of identity in academia, fueled by postmodern discourse, can account for why we understand identity differently now than several decades ago.

Part of the reason for the shift in scholastic discourse about identity is the global factors that shape identity. Globalization and the integration of cultures on a level…. [read more]

Religion and Personal Identity Essay

… The Islamic faith is more than a religion since it goes beyond rulings and rituals, but helps in developing rational faith and moral conduct through understanding right and wrong. It offers the framework for an overview of reality and a recommendation for a good life (Sulaiman, 1997).

Information from Other People

In light of the impact of religion on my personal identity, other people have expressed various opinions regarding the impact of my chosen identity marker. First, other people have argued that a person's value system is largely influenced by religion, which shapes a person's beliefs and perspective of the world. In this case, religion provides a significant emphasis of values that are tested over time and are beneficial to others. As a Muslim that…. [read more]

Philosophies Embodied in the Heteronyms of Fernando Pessoa Identity Crisis or a Great Philosopher Essay

… Pessoa

"The Philosophies embodied in the Heteronyms of Fernando Pessoa. Identity Crisis or a great Philosopher?"


The Philosophies embodied in the Heteronyms of Fernando Pessoa. Identity Crisis or a great Philosopher?

The Philosophies embodied in the Heteronyms of Fernando Pessoa. Identity Crisis or a great Philosopher?

Introduction of Fernando Pessoa; his Life, Work and Background

Fernando Pessoa (1888 -- 1935) was a poet who wrote using various "heteronyms" or literary alter egos. However, as will be discussed, these were not alter egos in the conventional sense but were in fact separate entities that the writer claimed existed and informed his existential and artistic experience. This becomes clear from the fact that "Pessoa devoted his life to conferring substance to each alter ego, giving each…. [read more]

Fashion and Identity Fashion, Culture, and Personal Essay

… Fashion and Identity

Fashion, Culture, and Personal Identity

Culture is a complex phenomenon. Any gathering of human beings develops its own culture given enough time; this can be observed on both macro and micro levels. In the study of history and art, scholars speak of Roman culture or Western culture as a way of referring to the broad and generalized values -- both moralistic and aesthetic -- that typify a given society in a certain period of history. On a smaller level, different localities have their own cultures that can be markedly different reflections of the dominant super-culture present in society at large -- the cultures of both San Diego, California and Bangor, Maine will in some ways reflect the larger United States and Western…. [read more]

Gender Identity Thesis

… Gender Identity Defined

The purpose of this paper is to introduce, discuss, and analyze several essays from the book "Signs of Life in the U.S.A." edited by Sonia Maasik and Jack Solomon. Specifically it will consider the debate over the origins of gender identity: Is it primarily biological or largely socially constructed? Gender identity is something just about everyone struggles with at one point or another. There are girls who want to excel at athletics and science, and boys who want to excel at fashion design and color coordination, and these desires directly oppose the gender roles society places on men and women. Gender identity then, is largely socially constructed, but for many people who struggle with their identities from a young age, gender identity…. [read more]

Have Ethnic and Religious Identities Assisted or Hindered the Political Process in Post Colonial Africa Essay

… Ethnic Religion Identity Politics Nigeria

Ethnic and Religious Identity Division and the Political Process in Nigeria

To a large degree post-colonial Africa has been forever and inextricably changed by the colonial experience. Though there is clear evidence that ethnic and religious identity was entrenched as a source of potential conflict, prior to colonization the examples of conflict were regional and relatively minor. This is supported by Thompson in the case study on Nigeria, where it is noted that much of the defined ethnic identity was in fact supplied by the British government, as were the ethnic and geographic boundaries that are still present today. These boundaries in Nigeria, established for the ease of administration on the part of the British colonial government, as well as…. [read more]

Body Dissatisfaction, Ethnic Identity Article Critique

… ¶ … Body Dissatisfaction, Ethnic Identity, and Disordered Eating Among African-American Women," Rogers Wood & Petrie (2010) apply a sociocultural model of disordered eating to the African-American female population. The authors postulate that because the dominant white culture promotes a beauty ideal of thinness, African-Americans who identify more with the dominant culture and less with African-American culture are at greater risk for developing an eating disorder. The theoretical perspective is linked to identity construction. Both culture and identity are therefore linked to the expression of an eating disorder. However, the authors describe the foundation for the research more in terms of models than in terms of theories. In this case, the approach works because it would have been unnecessary and tangential to discuss social identity…. [read more]

Polisci American Political Identity Has at Times Term Paper

… Polisci

American political identity has at times seemed woefully fragmented. The twenty-first century is becoming a time during which the schisms and chasms in American society are coming to the fore, bubbling to the surface. Although the election of 2000 brought to light the divisions between Red states and Blue states, between Red America and Blue America, such divisions existed well before George W. Bush came onto the political stage. These political divisions in American society are sometimes framed overly simplistically in terms of "liberal" or "conservative." Yet these two terms, liberal and conservative, cannot begin to encompass the range of political values and philosophies embedded within the diverse American society. American political philosophy is best understood not as a duality but as a continuum.…. [read more]

Juvenile Delinquency Theory Social Identity Term Paper

… They make up 62% of the under-aged persons prosecuted in the adult criminal system "and are nine times more likely than white youth to receive an adult prison sentence... white youth are significantly more likely than African-American youth to use drugs and 30% more likely to sell drugs, but African-American youth are twice as likely to be arrested and detained for drug offenses" (Huston 2008).

Postmodernism is a tool to help us understand why certain persons have been classified as part of a criminal class. Conventional criminology theories may state that African-Americans are more likely to commit crimes because they are members of historically discriminated-against groups, or that poverty and social disenfranchisement creates a fertile breeding-ground for crime. But this does not explain why African-Americans…. [read more]

Saladin and the Muslim Identity Research Paper

… Saladin and the Muslim Identity


In the western community, there is a tendency driven by political, cultural and ideological differences to demonize or dismiss many of the leaders of the modern Muslim community as being warlike and resistant to modernization. It is thus that there is a particular value in understanding the role that the great warrior Saladin played in the evolving identity of the people of Islam. Indeed, in Saladin's leadership and resistance to the European Crusades in the name of Jesus, it is possible to better understand the perception of radicalized Muslim leaders as freedom fighters and political revolutionaries. Certainly, the model for this perspective is found in the life and legacy of Saladin.

Saladin would be, after Muhammad, the first of…. [read more]

Romans Offers a Thorough Framework Essay

… However, human relationships are far more problematic. An originally and immutably sinful nature causes human relationships to be qualified by depravity, violence, and lust. "There is sin that is against our own bodies and souls, but there is also sin that is against other people who are created in God's image," (West, 2013, p. 1). Given that all people sin, relationships are among the most treacherous aspects of the human experience. The only way to purify and make right the relationships between people is through faith in Christ. Developing a relationship with Christ can help place each person on the righteous path, which can lead to harmonious dealings with other faithful beings.

Human relationships beget human culture. In Romans, Paul frequently discusses the problems with…. [read more]

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