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American Romanticism Essay

… American Romanticism

The literary movement known as American Romanticism extended between 1830 and 1860 and coincided with the Victorian period (1830-1880) in the U.S. The context of American Romanticism is also very interesting and relevant in our endeavor to understand this particular cultural movement in the history of our nation. From this perspective, American Romantics were undoubtedly influenced by the dramatic political and social changes taking place in the early nineteenth century.

Some of the most common literary themes of American Romanticism are escapism, the common man as a hero and nature as refuge. In fact, nature is at the core of Romantic writings which are characterized by emotional intensity, imagination and a profound infusion of subjectivism. Characters are generally static, often isolated from society.…. [read more]

19th Century Romanticism in Wordsworth and Delacroix Essay

… ¶ … 19th Century

Romanticism in Wordsworth and Delacroix

The Romantic period and movement covers a wide range of themes, styles and perceptions in art and literature. However, while there are divergent themes and approaches, there are also many areas of similarity. The Romantic era can best be understood through a clear grasp of the underlying ethos and the 'mood' of this genre in art. The ethos of romanticism, whether in literature or painting, conforms in general terms to certain central concerns. Among these central themes that emerge in Romanticism are the importance of the imagination; a heroic and defiant attitude to life, the belief in wider possibilities and experiences and a reaction to the society of the time.

With regard to the last point,…. [read more]

William Butler Yeats the Early Poetry Term Paper

… William Butler Yeats

The Early Poetry of William Butler Yeats

William Butler Yeats is often referred to as the last romantic poet. His ability to manipulate the readers emotions and to present intimate topics that still connect with audiences in the modern age stand testament not only to his ability as a poet, but also to the poignancy and genuineness that is reflected by the Romantic Movement. Though most famous for his later poetry, much of his early poetry is just as strong, and clearly reflects the influence of the Romantic poets that came before him.

A clear definition of the Romantic Movement, or of Romantic poetry is difficult to pinpoint. However, there are many elements that the Romantic poets display in their work that…. [read more]

Role and Importance of the Poets Essay

… ¶ … role and importance of the poets has changed throughout the history of mankind. Back in the period, the Romantics believed that the poet represented the spiritual guide of the people, who helped the reader identify their most internal emotions, intuitions and imaginations.

Today, the role of the poet is less certain than during those days and this is the result of numerous changes obvious within the society. During the Romantic period, reading was a primary activity of the population, but today, other distractions exist and make reading less popular. Television for instance, alongside with the internet, computer games and other such distractions make it less tempting for the public to engage in reading poetry. Nowadays then, reading poetry is an activity carefully selected…. [read more]

Life and Death in Romanticism Research Paper

… In essence, the poet here was predicting his own mortality. Those who die young will ever be young and beautiful. His final stanza reiterates the idea that this poem is more than a person appreciating a piece of ancient pottery. He writes, "When old age shall this generation waste, / Thou shalt remain, in midst of other woe" (46-47). Essentially, this is a very sad statement. All will die and those who are last to remain will have to suffer, knowing all they love are dead.

The way John Keats writes "Ode on Melancholy," it is evident that both writer and narrator know of what they speak. Most specifically in the second stanza where the poet writes:

But when the melancholy fit shall fall

Sudden…. [read more]

Werther and Self Deception Romanticism Term Paper

… At the very first perceived sign of her interest, Werther declares: "[She] loves me ....and how precious I have become to myself, how I -- I can say this to you, who have understanding for such emotions -- how I worship at my own altar since I know that she loves me!" (50-51).

Romantics viewed genius as some kind of tragedy in itself. For some odd reasons greater intellectual power was seen as a magnet for chaos and suffering. Werther seems to understand this better than anyone else around him and thus predicts and almost expects a tragic ending for himself. Werther becomes fatalistic in his views since he subscribes to romantic views on genius and its connection with fatality. He writes to William: "why…. [read more]

Puritan and Romantic Literary Consciousness and Comparison to Recent Movies Term Paper

… Puritan and Romantic literary consciousness: A comparison to a recent "Dead Poets Society" in modern film

Cast away old traditions. Ignore the interpretations of long-ago critics, and seek understanding in your own hearts of literature and poetry. "Our age is retrospective. It builds the sepulchers of the fathers. It writes biographies, histories, and criticism. The foregoing generations beheld God and nature face-to-face; we, through their eyes. Why should not we also enjoy an original relation to the universe?" This Romantic and American Transcendentalist ideal is clearly embodied, not only in this excerpt from Ralph Waldo Emerson's essay "Nature," but also by the life and teaching of the instructor portrayed by Robin Williams in the film "Dead Poet's Society."

At the beginning of the film, the…. [read more]

Flowering of Romanticism: The Expressive Nature Research Proposal

… ¶ … flowering of Romanticism: The expressive nature of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony

Da-da-da-DUM. So runs the familiar motif of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony in C Minor, op.67. This simple musical phrase has become an indelible part of modern musical culture. This Symphony's main theme is often described as giving the listener a sense of "fate" or "destiny" knocking at his or her door December 1, 2009. Whether it is true that Beethoven actually described this musical phrase as fate personified is controversial. However, what is clear is that for the composer's listeners, such an interpretation seemed resonant and appropriate: "Beethoven's symphony in C minor had closed the programme. Let us be silent! How often we hear it in public, but also in our deepest self, and…. [read more]

British and German Trench Poetry Side Research Proposal

… ¶ … British and German trench poetry side by side

Teaching British and German trench war poetry side-by-side

One of the difficulties in teaching World War I is that the memory of World War II is often much sharper in the minds of students. The more ambiguous causes of the First World War, and the complex feelings of both German and British soldiers can be lost if there is too much focus on the British War Poets alone. Examining both nationalities' poetic response to war enables a compassionate cross-comparison of both traditions. It enables students to identify both similarities and differences in the responses of German and British war poets, who were responding to the same experience of bloodshed, albeit from different sides of the…. [read more]

Pleasant and Romantic World Depicted Term Paper

… "

The feeling of desolation is reinforced with mankind burning whatever they can find to achieve some kind of light. For example, Byron states that "they did live by watchfires" (10) and "Happy were those who dwelt within the eye / Of the volcanoes, and their mountain-torch" (16-17). In this dream, he also sees that "Forests were set on fire" (19) and the people "fed / Their funeral piles with fuel" (27-28). However, none of this kept the light for very long and despite all their efforts "all was black" (21). By focusing on the darkness, Byron successfully creates within the reader a sense of the gloom.

The darkness drains mankind of all hope as Byron describes "The brows of men by the despairing light…. [read more]

Enlightenment-Era, Neo-Classical Works With Romantic Term Paper

… The Enlightenment belief in the rational nature of government by human design rather than faith is stressed again and again, as leaders are shown to be corrupt and ignorant, and the characters at the heart of the drama, namely Cunegonde, Pangloss, and Candide, are persecuted for no just and moral reason. Only human reason, not divine reason prevails. There is no real ethical reason to the universe why some people are punished and other people are not. Unlike "Tartuffe," the reader is never sure of what is going to happen at the end of the fantastic scenarios, but only that there is no moral rhyme or reason to what will transpire.

In Candide, the Neo-Classical aesthetic of 'constructed' narrative and character, as was typical in…. [read more]

Music-Romantic Period 'Romanticism Term Paper

… Schubert started his career very early and at the age of thirteen, he created a four-hand piano fantasia and this triggered a series of other compositions. By 1815 his creativity and musical fertility had almost reached its peak. In March that year, 'he wrote the Mass in G; between March 25 and April 1 a string quartet in G-minor; in May a symphony (his third) in D-major; in June an entire operetta'; soon appeared another operetta in July, 'of which the libretto fills forty-two closely printed pages; on October 15 seven songs; on the 19th four more; and in the interstices of time', this was followed by another symphony, 'four other operettas, two piano sonatas, and one hundred and thirty-five songs, headed by "The ErlKing."…. [read more]

Romanticism and Modernism Essay

… ¶ … Emily and Dickinson and Walt Whitman are diverse poets and their work can be seen as offering equal contributions to the Romantic era because they exemplify the ideas the Romantics were reaching toward. Emerson wrote, "The poet is the sayer, the namer, and represents beauty" (Emerson). Dickinson and Whitman were both writing at a time when literature was transitioning from Romanticism to Realism and this bridge allows room for both types of poetry. Whitman's poetry reinforces Romantic beliefs with its balance between romantic and transcendental notions. Dickinson's poetry is also considered transcendental because it seems to reach beyond this world. Her topics explore what happens beyond our earthly experience. In her poem, "Behind Me Dips Eternity," we see her detached point-of-view following the…. [read more]

Life of a "Free Artist Term Paper

… The Romantics favored innovation on the part of the free artist, again outside of society and social ties. The Classical writers stressed their ability to use old forms of poetry, to translate ancient Greek and Roman works such as Homer, and their continuity with a rationalist tradition, and to create music in a highly organized and stately style.

The artist in Romantic literature was often depicted free in nature, as nature allowed the individual to exit society and the world of other humans, allowing the artist to be truly free to create original works. In contrast, Classicism through its pictorial depiction carefully shaped gardens, its literary use of carefully shaped couplets, and its stress upon the beauty of social civilization in philosophy affirmed the beauty…. [read more]

Adam Bede, George Eliot Uses Term Paper

… She may even have lost herself - for in the end she seems to have been reduced to something less than fully human, although not something that is in any way natural. She has none of the grace of the natural world that is so important in this novel - as well as in other Romantic works. She has become some sort of living ghost, some broken, preternatural thing.

We see the essential destruction of this character in this description of the fate of her child; in this passage we see how Eliot has irrevocably marked her as being unable to act as a moral agent in this story. Her inability to serve as a force of good - or even evil - marks her…. [read more]

English Romanticism in the 1790s Term Paper

… English Romanticism in the 1790s

If a supernatural power deprived all the human beings of their entire spiritual values, but let them their imagination, they could still be able to re-create all the other lost values. The spirit of creation is the wealthiest of all the human beings' virtues. It creates all the treasures of the spirit and builds all the universes of the Self. Imagination cannot be but free. As the dainty flight of a bird dies in a cage of bars, the sublime flight of imagination dies inside a cage of rules and conditions.

Free imagination is the root of art and the root of imagination is the human Self and nature. There is a bond among imagination, self, and nature, which ultimately…. [read more]

Coleridge and 18 Thcent.Tradition Samuel Taylor Term Paper

… Coleridge & 18 thCent.Tradition

Samuel Taylor Coleridge's Rebellion against 18th Century Neo-Classical Tradition in Poetry

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834), along with his contemporary and artistic peer William Wordsworth, is credited with ushering in, during the final years of the 18th century and the first decades of the 19th, the Romantic tradition in English poetry, a departure from18th century Neo-classicism as embodied within works by Pope; Dryden; Swift; Johnson, and others.

As Moore observes, for example:

Coleridge and Wordsworth inspired each other to new heights of achievement.

In 1798 they jointly published Lyrical Ballads, considered one of the most revolutionary volumes in English verse. During their years of close friendship,

Coleridge wrote his greatest poetry, including "The Rime of the Ancient

Mariner," "Kubla [sic] Khan," and…. [read more]

Walt Whitman or Emily Dickinson Essay

… Her poems reflect theological thinking characterized by extra cultural, physical, practical and virtually mystical (Monte 21-51). However, in comparison to Taylor's poem, in "Divine Unnameability," her interest is similar to Taylor's because it brings her outside her transcendental times.

Both Kierkegaard and Dickinson are poets who have shown they can lay the groundwork to deal with hope because they can adumbrate the Christianity queasy. This Christianity re-attaches to self-reliance its due of solitary terror. This is further possible because Kierkegaard can explain how Dickson avoids the transcendental alternative despite the risk of losing, first center, then identity and finally coherence. Dickinson and Kierkegaard poetry works are fundamental to the religious experience because they yield the sense of God as centered in the world making God's…. [read more]

Childhood Poets of the Eighteenth Essay

… Instead, Yeats hopes that she will be beautiful without being vain, intelligent but kind, and, somewhat problematically, unopinionated (Yeats 160-161). Here, Yeats is demonstrating that while his opinion of children has evolved somewhat such that he is not wishing to live vicariously through them, or use them to validate his own career, he does still have a notably regressive view of women, wishing for his daughter to "think opinions are accursed" (Yeats 161). In this sense Yeats is still somewhat patriarchal, but in an evolved, adapted manner, one that does not rely on reiterating the explicit power of the father but instead creates certain requirements for the daughter due to her gender and sex.

Nevertheless, Yeats' prayer for his daughter demonstrates the distinct evolution of…. [read more]

Ideological and Aesthetic Differences Term Paper

… Distinction 3: Classical aesthetic models vs. The Gothic and Medieval of Romanticism

The Enlightenment marked a return to the scientific understanding of ancient Rome and Greece and thus the period valued historical models and traditions in art and science. Romanticism valued the imperfect and natural artistic approach, the intuitive and the magical ethic as exemplified in the medieval view of the world through faith and belief rather than understanding.

Distinction 4: The future vs. The past

The Enlightenment's stress upon science created a future-oriented emphasis. Despite its classical stress, ultimately it viewed humanity as forging ahead through rational understanding into a state of continual progress. Romanticism, as seen in Mary Shelly's Romantic novel, Frankenstein, viewed scientific and human progress with much greater skepticism -- rationalism,…. [read more]

Nature in Wordsworthian Poetry William Term Paper

… The poet also expresses his disagreement with what civilization has brought to humanity: "... I'd rather be / A pagan suckled in a creed outworn / So might I... Have glimpses that would make me less forlorn..." Lastly, Wordsworth warns his readers of the danger and revenge of Nature if Man will not cease to exploit it. He uses the might of important figures in mythology to express the extraordinary powers of Nature's revenge on Man: "Have sight of Proteus rising from the sea / Or hear old Triton blow his wreathed horn."

The poem "The World Is Too Much With Us" is illustrative of how Wordsworth attempts to reconcile Man with Nature. He makes his readers aware of the current state of relationship (or…. [read more]

America, Romanticism, and Transcendentalism Research Paper

… They saw God as a spirit who communicated to people at all times in all ways. It was a joyful expression that differed from the dark and haunted vision put forward by the Puritans, who emphasized with an explicit focus on the sinfulness of humankind, as Taylor does in his “Preface.”

Taylor welcomed the divine presence but he did so in Christian terms. Emerson was one remove from that and instead preferred to espouse a divine providence in generic terms; a set of terms that were not bound by the laws of the Old or New Testament (which Paine himself rejected in Age of Reason). So there was in American Romanticism a kind of competition between disparate views when it came to God, and…. [read more]

William Wordsworth's Political Poetry Term Paper

… Politics of William Wordsworth: A Comparative Analysis of his Poetry between 1798 ("the Tables Turned") and 1807 ("I Grieved for Buonaparte, with a Vain")

The political crisis that is the French Revolution that occurred in Europe between the periods 1789 to 1799 illustrates the influential effects of the Enlightenment movement and political ideas of the philosophes. The prevalent ideology of the French philosophes during the period is human freedom through rationalization -- that is, freedom acquired through intellectual development and material progress. It is through this ideology that 18th century French society sought to attain, and in the process, led to the declaration of the French Revolution.

Within this historical context emerged the poetry of William Wordsworth, the English poet who was best known for…. [read more]

German Romanticism Is Nothing Term Paper

… The individual freedom is of much importance, everybody is born of free spirits and in the process of growth, this free spirit has to be respected and dealt with dignity. He advocated the religious immediacy, and in the process stressing the importance of individual personality and the significance of inner religious experience.

Fichte lived during the time of Napoleon and people were under the influence and command of Napoleons dictatorship. And naturally there arose a national consciousness to oppose him and people were willing to move to the old order of governance. In Germany, it was a great national and moral movement and Fichte was one of its spokesmen. Fichte's writings during the Jena period mainly focused to reform and revitalize the entire system that…. [read more]

War and Poetry the Gallantry Term Paper

… In "Occasioned by the Battle of Waterloo," Wordsworth echoed Tennyson's praise for the fighters who bravely involved themselves in defending their country or territory. He addressed these fighters as "[i]ntrepid sons of Albion," synonymously referring to them as "heroes," who are praised for their "instant sacrifice prepared." Once again, the poem addresses death as inevitable, and in fact, is expected and welcomed by these brave warriors. The war, through Wordsworth use of romantic imagery, was no longer an event causing death and destruction; instead, war became the opportunity to display bravery and loyalty even at the face of death. War is gallant because it gave humanity a deeper meaning and significance in life through death, and this supreme sacrifice -- by offering one's life through…. [read more]

Victorian Prose and Poetry Term Paper

… Many Victorian writers, such as Dickens, compromised between Romanticism and Realism, trying to find a balance in their beliefs and how they portrayed them to their audience of readers. Times and culture was changing when these writers wrote, and they had to discover ways to compromise between staid Victorian culture and the modern culture that was rapidly following it. Morals were becoming less strict, and Victorian principles were being replaced with more realistic and modern beliefs. The writers at the end of the Victorian era helped illustrate the changes that were happening, and the compromises that people were making to blend the old and new belief systems. Poets such as Lewis Carroll and Edward Lear wrote nonsense verses that would have never been published at…. [read more]

Frankenstein Offers a Great Analysis Essay

… ¶ … Frankenstein" offers a great analysis of two characters who one would think have absolutely nothing in common, while providing a glimpse into how similar they really are to each other. However, it is Victor who turns out to be the greater monster in this story. Victor created the Monster who ends up murdering Victor's loved ones, and Victor shaped the Monster's personality. Even though it can be argued that the Monster who killed was the bigger villain, it was indeed Victor who started everything in the first place.

Victor and the Monster were both victims of this entire situation. Victor's high intellect and extreme curiosity lead him to create the Monster, whom he saw as being the ultimate creation. However, because of the…. [read more]

Art: Romanticism Not Immediately Recognized Term Paper

… His intense muscularity could be that of human or animal; his strength is purely physical.

Blake's subjective interpretation of the tale of Nebuchadnezzar is seen particularly through the character's gaping eyes. Full of fear and torment, the downward-gazing eyes of the once great king mirror Blake's sympathy with Nebuchadnezzar's fall from grace. The greatness of God, God's power to transform man to beast, is evident in the shock visible on the visage of Nebuchadnezzar. Blake's own interpretation of the allegory is respectful and imaginative, both quintessentially Romantic qualities. The figure appears to be trapped within a nightmare, as Nebuchadnezzar was in the biblical tale. Blake's choice to portray a religious dream and a similarly religious interpretation of that dream, reflect the artist's emphasis on God…. [read more]

John Donne and or John Milton's Writings Essay

… John Donne, writing poetry during the early modern period, often combined his imagery and subject matter to focus on devotion in terms of eroticism and divine love. This is indicative of the way in which he considered the metaphysical connection between the spiritual and the physical. Although some poetry focuses more upon erotic, romantic love affairs, the ideal of the divine and the perfect is often also prevalent. These connections are often established by means of the symbolism known as the metaphysical conceit.

The metaphysical conceit is an element of poetry that uses unusual symbolism to demonstrate the depth of the poet's or speaker's feeling or drive within the context of the poem. Good examples of the metaphysical deceit occur in many of Donne's poems,…. [read more]

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