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Rousseau, Douglass, Both Prose Writers Term Paper

… He is the arbiter of the diverse and he is the key. He is the equalizer of his age and land... If peace is the routine, and of him speaks the spirit of peace, large, rich... he encourages the study of man, the soul, immortality... his thoughts are the hymns of praise of the things - in the talk on the soul and eternity - God off of his equal place - he is silent - he sees eternity in men and women.

What makes Whitman different - his free choice of subject and his desire to follow his whims and his personal desires. He brings these into his writing - never mind if he violates the sensibilities of his readers.

William Wordsworth - Poet…. [read more]

Pierre Bourdieu Article Review

… The recurring theme, then, seems to be that ' culture' per se depends on the particulars of a certain era rather than on any inherent characteristics. In that case, one wonders how to distinguish trite and insignificant work from something that is lofty and elevated, and whether there is a piece of work that is lofty and elevated, or whether that definition rests on biased and subjective measurement.

The Romantic culture, for instance, that glorified an ideal realm at the price of denying the body and material nature no longer exists. Much of that work is seen as overly sentimental and superficial. Today's age prefers realism. 'Culture' has changed. There is a new emphasis on the body and on the embodiment of mind that likely…. [read more]

Edgar Allen Poe: Romanticism of the Grave Research Paper

… Edgar Allen Poe: Romanticism of the Grave

Edgar Allen Poe was born January 19th, 1809, to actors Elizabeth Arnold Poe and David Poe, Jr. While his father abandoned the family before Edgar was a year old, his mother Elizabeth contracted tuberculosis and died from the disease when Edgar was three. After his mother's death, Edgar and his two siblings were separated into foster homes; Edgar himself was taken in by Francis Allen -- a dear friend of his mother's -- and her husband, John Allen. John Allen was a wealthy tobacco merchant who, though he provided Edgar with a classical education and all the conveniences wealth could afford, was nonetheless cold in his affections and severely disapproving of Edgar's artistic pursuits.

It is perhaps this…. [read more]

Collective Perception, Art Term Paper

… Romanticism would fight its greatest battle against conventional thinkers who felt that such exposition was a distracting deviation from plot and moral and, further, an unprofessional betrayal of the author's personal condition. Both detractions, however, would prove shortsighted as such alleged betrayal would, by the mid-nineteenth century, become the standard.

Another of romanticism's most distinctive characteristics was its disregard for reason in exchange for unfettered authority of the self. Individualism found its greatest advocate in the romantic movement, which stressed man's singular ability to made a genius and a hero of himself. Therefore, there was no greater virtue in the field than to be a man unto his own values and visions. Further, there was no greater priority than to detail the personal triumph of…. [read more]

William Wordsworth: A Wordsmith Research Paper

… 11) "Thy nature is not therefore less divine:" -- suggests the child ignorance of her innocence. 12) "Thou liest in Abraham's bosom all the year;" -- suggests her soul is blessed by God. 13) "And worshipp'st at the Temple's inner shrine," -- suggests the child's closeness to nature (the Temple). 14) "God being with thee when we know it not." -- indicates the protection God reserves for innocent children yet not for adults; suggests that because she is natural she is closer or more connected to nature.

The poem is an expression of Wordsworth's deep affection for his daughter. The first half of the octave gives the reader a picture of a tranquil sunset into a gentle sea; however the following lines six through eight…. [read more]

Romanticism of Scott's Piracy Term Paper

… " (Neeser, 1917) Rather than talk about the reasons men take to the waters, he would show the gritty reality of life on deck.

Indeed, Cooper was correct. Sir Walter Scott did not draw his inspiration for The Pirate from any events he witnessed at sea. Rather, Scott drew on his memories of a voyage to the Northern Isles in 1814, as guest of a commission inspecting Scotland's lighthouses. He thus drew his chronicled events from myths he heard from those on land, rather than his experiences on the water. He chose to set The Pirate in the seventeenth century in a remote part of the Shetland Islands, rather than on a boat. The pirate of the title, Basil Mertoun, is now conveniently retired. He…. [read more]

Victorian Literature Was Remarkably Concerned Term Paper

… " The constant movement of passion is not troped as an imaginative freedom, but rather as its own form of routine -- like the "ebb and flow / of human misery" in Arnold's "Dover Beach," the tidal image here is one of senseless repetitiveness. In "Dover Beach" it is the senselessness that Arnold emphasizes, where Victorian religious doubts render the landscape into a melancholy locus where the only human meaning must be consciously constructed. But here, the "ebb and flow" of the emotional life of youth is understood as meaningless in a different way: the crux is clearly located in the word "expense." Arnold is clearly allowing the word to play with a double-meaning, one of which is concrete and financial, and the other of…. [read more]

Nature in Ralph Waldo Emerson Essay

… Nature in Ralph Waldo Emerson, "Nature" and Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe, "The Sorrows of Young Werther"

Romantic nature

Ralph Waldo Emerson vs. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

The purpose of the current paper relates directly to the major theme of nature and its romantic approach in literature. Among the writers of the specific period, one recalls the existence of two writers who, by their creations and masterpieces, became exponents of Romanticism in their local conditions and gained an irreplaceable position in the universal literature. One refers to Ralph Waldo Emerson and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and, from the multitude of their writings, will refer to the novels "Nature" and respectively, "The Sorrows of Young Werther."

At the dawn of the nineteenth century, a new stream would…. [read more]

Judge Books Term Paper

… The nature that we see in this book - from the very first scene, quoted below - is so rigidly controlled that while it may indeed offer glimpses of beauty, it can never offer any real possibility of redemption.

Some twenty paces further on, corresponding exactly in line and length to the new wing and broken only by a single white-painted iron gate, was a churchyard wall entirely covered in small-leaved ivy, behind which rose Hohen-Cremmen's shingled tower, its weather-cock glittering from recent regilding. Main house, wing and churchyard wall formed a horseshoe, enclosing a small ornamental garden at whose open end a pond and a jetty with a moored boat could be seen, and close by a swing, its horizontal seat-board hanging at head…. [read more]

Tell-Tale Heart as the Class Term Paper

… The image of the eye being evil is interesting, because just as the man's cloudy eye is blind, the narrator is blind to his own dark intentions. He imagines that the old man's eye can see through him. It seems likely that the old man realizes that the narrator intends to kill him, because he remains alert for some minutes after hearing just one transient sound as the narrator enters his room. The reader now feels the old man's terror even though the story remains entirely within the narrator's mind, thus expanding the gothic terror.

Then Poe expands the gothic feeling to the setting itself by having the narrator hide body parts under the floorboards. When the police come, because of a report of a…. [read more]

William Wordsworth as the Quintessential Term Paper

… Augustine has cast himself in the role of a man who is trying to place his life within the proper Christian framework. But while he does this at times, at others he offers a rather radical rereading of the Christian narrative; the transformation that he experiences at the end of these poems is not that of a St. Paul, humbled before his God (Fiero 1997). Rather, it is a man who, looking upon one of the great human creations designed to honor Christian faith, sees the seen before him in essentially pagan terms, sees the older, natural order of the world subsuming this transgression. This is a world in which the power of winter has silenced and stilled all human and divine activity. Wordsworth -…. [read more]

Art Essay

… The Romantic era was essentially one in which the norms, values and ideals of the past were interrogated and questioned. A central characteristic of the Romantic era was the emphasis on emotions and feelings rather than on reason and logic. These new values are clearly reflected in many early Romantic paintings as well as in Delacroix's The Sea of Galilee.

The Romantic Movement in all the art forms was essentially a reaction to the rational and mechanical view of reality that had become a dominant feature of Western civilization (Introduction to the Romantic Era in English Poetry). The Romantics turned away from order through science and the structured, mechanical view of life and were more concerned with the dynamic and spontaneous energies of nature. Nature…. [read more]

Percy Bysshe Shelley's Defense of Poetry Term Paper

… Percy Bysshe Shelley

In Representative Poetry Online (2006), Percy Bysshe Shelley emphasized the importance and function of poetry in our lives. It is noted that in a Defence of Poetry, he claimed that poetry is not only a form of artistic expression, medium of language, or an activity of leisure and amusement. He explains how poetry not only shows what is beautiful, but more importantly what is true.

Shelley also elevated Poetry as a medium that has its own utilitarian functions; particularly those that pertain to vital institutions in society that instigate change. Some of these institutions are in the areas of education, law-making, governance, and even religion. For example, the relationship of religion and poetry, specifically poems during the Romantic literature is reflected in…. [read more]

William Wordsworth, 1770-1850 Term Paper

… What had once been non-procreative has become procreative through its "degeneration and return to the ever-regenerative nature of its surroundings" (Petters pp). Petters stresses that Wordsworth poem does not refer to the abbey in the poem because he cannot see it but rather because the abbey has become a part of the natural landscape, it is no longer a human-made object separate from nature, but is a natural object in the midst of nature, "it has disappeared into the landscape" (Petters pp). This hopeful regeneration represents rebirth and renewed life, an actual life coming from death (Petters pp). In the poem the answer to life is found in living the present, not living in the past, nor in a state of frozen time (Petters pp).…. [read more]

Comparison of Two Poems Essay

… ¶ … Daffodils" by William Wordsworth and "Miracle on St. David's Day" by Gillian Clarke is evident through subject matter, and also direct reference. Clarke's poem details a reading at an insane asylum during which a mute patient interrupts the reader to recite Wordsworth's "The Daffodils." Additionally, Clarke's poem opens on "[a]n afternoon yellow and open-mouthed/with daffodils" and concludes with the contrasting image of "daffodils aflame" during "the flowers' silence." While these aspects obviously draw a parallel between the two texts, a closer look at how each poem operates will further the comparison.

Wordsworth wrote during the Romantic period, a period that held impressions and feelings over rationality and/or logical interpretation. In "The Daffodils" the speaker of the poem first characterizes him/herself as "lonely as…. [read more]

Mccarthy's All the Pretty Horses Thesis

… John Grady's Cole's Romanticism In All The Pretty Horses

Cormac McCarthy's All the Pretty Horses tells the story of John Grady Cole, a 16-year-old master horseman, as he leaves his home in West Texas and travels south into Mexico to seek adventure. The romantic attachments he forms there, in the form of a lovely ranch-owner's daughter, a younger enigmatic fellow traveler, and indeed the land itself and the very idea of the possibility of romance afford him nothing ultimately but heartache. But McCarthy suggests throughout the novel that it is this possibility of romance, this very idea of living life committed to something other than the everyday quality of petty existence, which keeps men like Cole going. In seeking to find something better, to realize…. [read more]

Giacomo Leopardi: Desperation Term Paper

… "

Disappointed love inspired one of his greatest early lyrics, A Silvia (To Sylvia) which is based on the tragedy of a peasant girl who worked for Leopardi's family whom he was terribly in love with. "Sylvia remember now, if you can / that fleeting time of your mortal span,/when beauty flashed in splendor/from eyes which laughed and yet were hid."

Leopardi was always convinced that it would require great courage "to love a vitreous man whose only beauty is his soul." His pessimistic views always hindered his ability to love fully.

Since Leopardi's romantic dreams never obtained fulfillment, (Origo), he was completely convinced that readers would also not be fulfilled with his work. His perfectionism was a direct result of his constant vie for…. [read more]

Keats: Ode on a Grecian John Term Paper

… Keats: Ode on a Grecian

John Keats was the last to be born and the first to die of the great Romantics. He is considered by many critics as one of the most important of the Romantic poets.

His work encapsulates many of the central aims and intentions of Romanticism.

As a Romantic poet he found the meaning to life and the human condition in artistic creation and not in the world of common sense and rationality. Art, for Keats and the Romantics, was never seen as a "sideshow" or an adjunct to life and meaning. "Keats felt that the deepest meaning of life lay in the apprehension of material beauty, although his mature poems reveal his fascination with a world of death and decay."…. [read more]

Landscape Neoclassical Painting Term Paper

… Landscape Neoclassical Painting

One unifying characteristic of the works of the English and American Romantic poets Shelley, Keats, and Whitman is that all of these writers used images of nature to further their artistic self-expression. In "Ode to the West Wind," Shelley does not merely observe the wind; he sees his own wildness and passion for life within the activity of the wind: "Shook from the tangled boughs of heaven and ocean, / Angels of rain and lightning..." Nature is not merely beautiful or something to be observed, it is a force of energy and inspiration, and is just as emotionally stormy as the poet's interior landscape. Keats' "Seep and Poetry" shows a more gentle view of nature: "What is more gentle than a wind…. [read more]

Scholar and Poet Xu Zhimo Term Paper

… In a flood of starlight

On a river of silver and diamond

I sing to my heart's content.

But now, no, I cannot sing

With farewell in my heart.

Farewells must be quiet, mute,

Even the summer insects are silent,

Knowing I am leaving.

The Cambridge night is soundless.

A leave quietly

As I came quietly.

I am leaving

Without taking so much

As a piece of cloud.

But with a quick jerk of my sleeve

I wave goodbye.

Xu Zhimo (

Within this work is the mark of the uncertain life of an exile. Xu wishes to return to China but not without the memory of this land which has changed him so much. The reminiscence of the words and places of the romantic…. [read more]

Scarlet Letter Hester's Transformation as Romantic Symbol Essay

… Scarlet Letter

Hester's Transformation as Romantic Symbol of Patriarchy

To the modern collective perception, art is one facet of life that is governed more by individual thought and emotional predisposition than by institutional prejudices. It should seem a natural disposition of the artist to look within himself for expression, rather than to the very established conventions from which he may seek to provide asylum. Likewise, it strikes a chord of logic to us that an artist makes his primary appeal to his own imagination, rather than to millennia of intellectual rules. This, however, is a new perspective as compared to the age of humanity. From Enlightenment through the mid eighteenth century, classical rules intended to preserve the integrity and exclusivity of artistic expression were the…. [read more]

Hero and Saint an Analysis Essay

… The Enlightenment built on the Protestant divorce from Catholicism. Enlightenment thinkers wanted to redefine the world according to Protestant notions. Transcendental values had been swept aside by the Enlightenment, which attempted to build on the rubble of the Old World. The Peace of Westphalia, however, was no good foundation to build upon: truth before unity had given way to unity before truth -- in which case any notion of the sublime would fall victim (as it does in Edmund Burke's treatise -- already showing modern man to be made in the image of Hamlet: a doubter, a skeptic, a questioner, a fatalist, a man apart): "When I say I intend to inquire into the efficient cause of Sublimity and Beauty, I would not be understood…. [read more]

Sensibility and Paul De Man Research Paper

… Willoughby, who Marianne believed to be the love her life, betrays her and marries a wealthier woman. He never intended to court Marianne, and if she had made sure Willoughby was courting her without sucking him into the Romantic love story she had planned for them, he would not have gotten trapped and had to betray her later. After mourning the loss of her beloved, inconstant Willoughby to the point of making herself ill, Marianne falls in love with Colonel Brandon, an older, self-sacrificing, sensible man who stood on the sidelines while Marianne willingly gave her heart to his competitor Marianne's experience and the influence of Colonel Brandon transform her into a pragmatic, sensible woman who still has an appreciation for the Romantic, but learns…. [read more]

American Literature Despite Their Different Backgrounds Essay

… American Literature

Despite their different backgrounds and experiences, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau shared a number of ideas. Compare their views on nature, the individual, and conformity.

Ralph Emerson and Henry David Thoreau were both great writers that had very vivid ideas on nature, the individual, and conformity. They were both outstanding leaders in the transcendentalist movement and had an unforgettable impact on its development and sustainment. Emerson was an idol for Thoreau, as it was Emerson that inspired him to write in his own style. Emerson's view of the individual was to be able to have the freedom to express themselves, was to have everything that anyone ever needed. They should not be afraid of any restrictions placed by anyone, as freedom…. [read more]

Emile Zola and Honere Thesis

… Prices were cited -- the five days' sale produced more than six hundred thousand francs." (Zola, and Ripoll 302) To see the extent of spending that Nana did and the constant attentioned she garnered from men, helped paint a portrait of the coquettes of Zola's time as well as the way people interacted with the starlets of France. Zola continues Nana's escapades that lead to men committing suicide and writing scathing articles.

As were in many of his novels, Zola uses time in a way that changes from scene to scene. Minutes may seem like days in some scenes and days may seem like seconds in others. A good example of this is on page 136: "The very armchairs, which were as wide as bed,…. [read more]

English Literature (Chaucer and Shakespeare) the Images Term Paper

… English literature (Chaucer & Shakespeare)

The Images of Ideal Faith and Love: A Comparative Analysis of Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales ("Pardoner's Tale") and William Shakespeare's Love Sonnets (Sonnets 18, 116 and 130)

Fifteenth to sixteenth century- English literature is characterized by the expression of radical idealism, whether this idealism pertains to social issues or human emotions. Geoffrey Chaucer, who was well-known for his work "The Canterbury Tales," exemplified the English poet of his period (14th-15th centuries), demonstrating through his famous work his ideals on religion and expression of faith. On a relatively similar vein, English playwright William Shakespeare (16th-17th centuries) reflected the same belief of idealism, this time in the form of expressing human emotions, most popularly evoked in his (love) sonnets (Sonnets 18, 116…. [read more]

Rime of Ancient Mariner Samuel Term Paper

… This transformation results into his urge to tell his story to everyone and he repents throughout the rest of his life. Hence, the Mariner comes to the conclusion that the better world can be achieved if one sees the values of the petty things in life.

This poem has also been considered an allegory of the man's relation with the spiritual and the metaphysical world. The killing of the albatross results in the punishment of the Mariner by the spiritual world with the help of the natural world. The sun, water, wind, crew members and the ghosts all carry some sort of supernatural element. They all become a cause of suffering for the Mariner. The spiritual world as weaved by the Coleridge has also been…. [read more]

Rhythm, Dynamics, Melody, Harmony and Texture Essay

… ¶ … rhythm, dynamics, melody, harmony and texture, and timbre into a composition to add interest and character. Remember to discuss what each of these elements does.

There are many elements to music, and composers of music must necessarily familiarize themselves with those elements in order to craft rich works full of interest and character. The driving force behind any composition is, of course, its pulse -- or rhythm. Rhythm is "the earliest and most basic of the building materials or elements of music," according to Jean Ferris (p. 11) and is the arrangement of time in music. Just like poets will use beats, or rhythmic patterns of speech, to write poetry, musicians use musical beats, rests, meter and tempo to infuse their works with…. [read more]

Poetic Analysis: "Childhood" by Edwin Essay

… Poetic analysis: "Childhood" by Edwin Muir

The poem "Childhood" by Edwin Muir begins with the poet observing himself as a young boy, still innocent, contemplating the world and the existence that lies ahead of him. "Long time he lay upon the sunny hill, / To his father's house below securely bound. / Far off the silent, changing sound was still, / With the black islands lying thick around." The hill of childhood is still symbolically sunny and like the boy is 'bound' to his father's house, a word that conveys both security and a sense of slightly unwelcome confinement. Like all children, change will come to 'the boy' but it is still far away. By calling himself a boy, Muir establishes a certain sense of…. [read more]

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