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Romantic Era Began Essay

… Example of Romantic Dance

Another characteristic of Romanticism is the belief in the supernatural. This theme was incorporated into many of the works of art of the period. Romantic Ballet has a light floating quality, with the idea of creating the illusion that the dancers are floating or hovering above the stage like unearthly creatures. Dominate themes of this period deal with fantasy such as ghosts, fairies and nymphs to facilitate an escape from reality. La Sylphide (Nourrit, 1832) is a good example from the period. The story deals with a Scottish farmer, James, who on his wedding day falls in love with a vision of a magical sylph or spirit. An old witch appears and predicts James will betray his fiancee. As James is…. [read more]


Romantic Era the Romantic Period Research Paper

… In addition, each and every one of the empires and civilizations that he lauds for respecting authors had their own share of censorship and literary repression. For example, he lauds the city of Ravenna for erecting a statue of Dante, conveniently ignoring the fact that Dante was banished from Florence (D'Israeli 110).

One of the most insidious responses to the popularity of the novel comes from Anna Letitia Barbauld, because her essay "On the Origin and Progress of Novel-Writing" purports to laud novels while actually serving to neuter them of any critical or ideological power. Barbauld begins by discussing what is arguably the most important role of novels, and fiction more generally: "if the end and object of this species of writing be asked, many…. [read more]


Romanticism a Fair Term? Term Paper

… This was never truer than the use of the term Romanticism. The essence of the environment at the time was the expression of personality through writing, baring one's emotional self. Due to this focus each writer had the freedom to use any part of or none of the traditional structures in poetry and the freedom to create interesting characters that were a combination of many real people. The writers during the period sought to write literature that was appealing to the masses. Each writer had his own individual way of creating this appeal. The term also fails to focus any attention on the evolving, maturing process that these writers went through as they aged. Their writing was not stagnant, but grew as they grew. Changes…. [read more]


Romanticism No Other Period Essay

… He also openly wrote about death and sexuality, including prostitution which, at the time, was very controversial and unusual. He is often labeled as the father of free verse (Kaplan, 1979).

How Whitman exemplifies the Romanticism Movement

Along with Emily Dickinson, Whitman is regarded as one of America's most significant nineteenth century poets. Born on Long Island, Whitman grew up in Brooklyn and received limited formal education. His occupations during his lifetime included printer, schoolteacher, reporter, and editor. Whitman's self-published Leaves of Grass was inspired in part by his travels through the American frontier and by his admiration for Ralph Waldo Emerson. This important publication underwent eight subsequent editions during his lifetime as Whitman expanded and revised the poetry and added more to the original…. [read more]


Romantic Ideal in the Poetry Term Paper

… William Wordsworth

Like Blake, Wordsworth is also disenchanted with the evils imposed by society. He however focuses more strongly on the self created by the society in which he lives. In "Ode: Imitations of Immortality" laments the boundaries imposed upon children by education. According to the poem, children, who enjoy and appreciate everything, learn to become disenchanted by learning. The poet's cure for this is a return to childhood innocence and an enjoyment of nature. For Wordsworth then, nature is the cure for the blandness imposed by modern society.

Walt Whitman

Whitman's poetry disregards all rules, regulations and forces of propriety. He focuses utterly on the self, like Wordsworth does. In "I Sing the Body Electric" Whitman however focuses on the joy it is to…. [read more]


Romanticism: A Disdain Term Paper

… Romanticism's influence spanned the genres because it was not simply a self-conscious style, but an ethos or philosophy. The introduction of personal 'takes' on historical events also stressed the individual encounter with history, such as common individuals involved in a famous shipwreck. Even the classical and folkloric depictions of mythology in Romanticism focused on sensual, smaller events, such as the adventures of Pan, rather than great heroic epics of the many, and heroes. The personalized vision of William Blake's version of the Bible, the spontaneous response of Keats to a translation Homer rather than a 'god's eye' view of the text, and even the later David paintings of Napoleon, the great leader, all have their roots in the Romantic tradition, for all have an immediacy…. [read more]


Characteristics of Romantic Poet Essay

… ¶ … Romantic poet

The Characteristics of the Romantic Poet

Among the aspects of the Romantic Movement in England may be listed: sensibility; primitivism; love of nature; sympathetic interest in the past, especially the medieval; mysticism; individualism; romanticism criticism; and a reaction against whatever characterized neoclassicism." -- Holman and Harmon, Definitions from a Handbook to Literature, Sixth Edition.

Simply reviewing this listing of the characteristics of the Romantic Movement in English literature demonstrates how the characteristics of the movement and perhaps equally importantly the assumed persona of the Romantic poet might be so attractive to a member of the Harlem Renaissance. First and perhaps foremost, the intense primitivism of Romanticism, which in England manifested itself in an idealization of the pastoral, made a profound claim…. [read more]


Romantic Modern Post Modern Literature Thesis

… Romantic, Modern and Postmodern Literature

There is a great deal of debate about the demarcation points or the areas of transition between romanticism, modernism and postmodernism. On the one hand, many see the modernist movement in art and literature as being, in some senses, an extension of the themes and the intentions of the late romantics like W.B. Yeats; and there is an ongoing debate about whether Yeats is a romantic or modernist. On the other hand there is also a strong argument for the separation of romanticism and modernism.

Critics note that the romantics were more inclined towards absolutes and religious beliefs. (Introduction to Romanticism) This transcendental tendency can be seen for example in the works of Wordsworth. Wordsworth is also a prime example…. [read more]


Romanticism and Romantic Poetry Term Paper

… In the works of Blake and Wordsworth there is a conflict in their views of imagination and nature on one level and congruence on another more subtle level. On the one hand, William Blake radically rejected nature as part of the temporal and 'fallen' world and viewed nature as intrinsically inferior to the immutable and eternal forms of the imagination; while on the other hand, Wordsworth viewed nature as a conduit of the imagination; a means by which we can apprehend the eternal forms and power of the imagination.

William Blake's was vehemently opposed to the rationalistic and scientific empiricism of his time that was expounded in the views of Bacon, Locke and Newton. The mechanization and scientific understanding of reality was, according to Blake,…. [read more]


Romantic Poet Term Paper

… Romantic Poetry

The term romanticism related to a period of European history associated with the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth century. Romantic poetry is an expression of the period, the emphasis of such poetry was frequently nature as well as individual expression of emotions and imagination as a rejection of earlier classicism and strict social rules and conventions that defined life, prior to the time. In a sense romantic poetry, as well as other literary and artistic expressions during the period were a clear demand for social justice, expressing that the past social structure was to rigid and the new social order must allow for individual growth. The movement stressed that all decisions about one's future should be made not…. [read more]


Romanticism American Romantic Poet Essay

… These are united under the flag. Another man shown is from the proletarian who is brandishing a sword defiantly (Pioche 2002). In the foreground of the painting are fallen soldiers which the woman marches past to fearlessly lead the army following her. Romanticism shown in willingness of the people to give their lives up in the fight for freedom. The fallen soldiers shown in the painting are there as a symbol of strength to bring resolve for the remaining troops that carried on the fight to advance toward victory. The freedom shown in the depiction of Marianne breaks the traditional views of women. Defying convention that only men fought in battle. The woman being bare-chested and barefoot represents freedom from a more conservative dress or…. [read more]


Romantic Period Research Paper

… Romantic Era

The Romantic Period

Important Contributions of the Romantic Period

Technology: The beginning of this period was marked by technological advancements, such as the building of the first steam engine in England in 1803. Its first sail took place in 1811 down the Mississippi river in America.

The Industrial Revolution began to spread throughout Europe.

World politics: In the politics of the early 1800's, Napoleon began his reign as emperor in France, and James Madison was elected President in the United States. In 1812, the United States would declare war on Great Britain.

There were many literary achievements of this era, including Austen's Sense and Sensibility, Hugo's the Hunchback of Notre Dame, Poe's the Raven and Other Poems, Douglass' the Narrative of the Life…. [read more]


Romanticism Some Historians and Literary Critics Essay

… Romanticism

Some historians and literary critics are still debating over the concept of Romanticism as a determined period starting at the end of the eighteenth century and lasting until about the 1950s. Whether is was a movement or a succession of movements, and Romanticism is generally considered a predominantly artistic movement that appeared by the end of the eighteenth in the nineteenth century in Europe as a counter-reaction to the age of reason, the enlightenment. The age of revolutions needed the rationalism of the enlightenment in order for the world to engage on the way to progress. The hegemony of the western colonial powers knew a new stage when the American colonies fought for their independence and established the new country that will change the…. [read more]


Frankenstein and Romanticism Essay

… Frankenstein and Romanticism

Having long been viewed as peripheral to the study of Romanticism, Frankenstein has been moved to the center. Critics originally tried to assimilate Mary Shelley's novel to patterns already familiar from Romantic poetry. But more recent studies of Frankenstein have led critics to rethink Romanticism in light of Mary Shelley's contribution. Gradually emerging from the shadow of her husband, she is increasingly being recognized as a distinct voice within Romanticism, a distinctly feminine voice within what seems to be a male-dominated movement.

The trend of recent studies of Frankenstein has been to view it as a critique of Romanticism, particularly as developed in Percy Shelley's poetry. Critics have argued that Frankenstein is a protest against Romantic titanism, against the masculine aggressiveness that…. [read more]


Frankenstein and Romanticism Research Paper

… This piece of writing focuses more upon the methods of romanticism and the characteristics of romantic writers as people and not as abstractions.

This writer describes the lifestyle and cultural practices of romantic writers. This is another way for the reader to understand and draw out romantic themes in the novel.

With these quotations, the reader can see that romanticism reflected the world in general at the time, and it also reflected the specific group of writers and artists who called themselves romantic. Whereas other pieces offered a macrocosm of romanticism, this article offers a microcosmic view of romanticism; the focus is much narrower.

These quotes elaborate upon the characteristics of romantic writing, romantic thinking, romantics (the actual people), as well as romantic literature.

This…. [read more]


To Be Romantic Term Paper

… Romanticism: Kaufman, Peckham, And Perkins

The term romanticism has meant a number of different things to scholars and academics throughout the years. Ironically, the degree of variation in its connotations and denotations is one of the only stable aspects of its use since this term was initially employed. This fact is perhaps best evinced in evaluating 20th century literature on the subject. Despite the fact that over a century had elapsed since the heyday of the period in Occidental literature that the term characterized, scholars still devoted copious amounts of erudition to deconstructing what the term actually meant. As is expected, the thoughts and sentiments of the subject evolved over the course of the 20th century as analysis of Paul Kaufman's "Defining Romanticism: A Survey…. [read more]


American Romantic Temperament: A Blend Essay

… ¶ … American Romantic temperament:

A blend of Transcendentalist optimism and anti-Transcendentalist despair

The American Romantic movement arose as an outgrowth of European Romanticism. However, it began to take on a character of its own over the course of the 19th century. European and American Romanticism were characterized by an idealism of nature and pastoral life; the celebration of the irrational over the rational; faith in individualism and a belief in a dimension of reality that could be understand only on emotional rather than logical terms. There were many subsets of the American Romantic Movement, however -- some emphasized the veneration of nature to a greater degree in a very positive and optimistic fashion like many of the Transcendentalists, while others took a far darker…. [read more]


Romantic Movement Explored in the Poetry Thesis

… ¶ … Romantic Movement Explored

in the Poetry of Keats and Shelley

At the heart of Romantic literature is the desire to experience life fully without restraint. Emotion and imagination hold hands in an effort to capture the most subtle essence of being alive and the poets during this literary movement illustrate how significant emotion and imagination are to being alive. When Charles Baudelaire suggests that the word Romanticism is directly linked to modern art because it explores "intimacy, spirituality, color, aspiration towards the infinite, expressed by every means available to the arts," he is correct to aim his comment at the Romantics because they were about so much more than simply writing. In fact, it could be said that the writing was the result…. [read more]


Romantic Poets Nature and Romantic Poetry Term Paper

… ¶ … Romantic Poets

Nature and Romantic Poetry

There were three British Romantic Poets born during the last part of the 18th century: William Wordsworth (1770-1850), Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822) and John Keats (1795-1821). These three were considered "nature" poets, who shared the viewpoint of the great landscape painters, musicians and other writers of the day. Though Wordsworth lived to a ripe old age, tragedy and the short life of the romantic hero were the fate of Shelley and Keats, who died while still young, yet who wrote prolifically about the beauties of life and love (Fiero 3).

Shelley championed human liberty and lived a life of taking liberties and defiance of convention, marrying and fathering the children of one woman, yet running off with…. [read more]


Romanticism Transcendentalists Differed Romanticism Irving Essay

… Emerson also related to philosophical topics when discussing in regard to religion, as he appeared to want to discuss religious matters from a logical point-of-view.

While Melville largely focused on the individual and the feelings that he or she experiences, Emerson wanted people to have a more complex understanding of life through having them focus on a series of theories that could provide them with the ability to find their personal identity. One can also say that Melville was more interest in one's individuality while Emerson focused on understanding more regarding the outside world with the purpose of understanding more about identity. It is probable that Emerson wanted society to continue to appreciate Romanticism, but that he also wanted people to understand that the current…. [read more]


Seeking Clarity on Romanticism Essay

… Typically published scholars and intellectuals who research difficult, even ambiguous topics, reference previous scholarship in hopes of adding credibility to their given topic. Indeed, Peckham references an impressive 1949 essay by Rene Wellek, which offers three components explaining romanticism. The three are: a) there was indeed an intellectual and artistic movement in Europe, a movement that had "certain intellectual and artistic characteristics" called "romanticism"; b) those involved in the movement were "quite conscious of their historic and revolutionary significance"; and c) the reason that "skepticism" about romanticism exists in the United States is because of Arthur O. Lovejoy's article "On the Discrimination of Romanticisms" (Peckham 7).

According to Peckham the 1924 Lovejoy piece points to "a fearful variety of ways…" in which romanticism is defined,…. [read more]


How Do Romanticism Art Help Roger Fry Develop His Theory of Formalism? Term Paper

… ¶ … Romanticism Art help Roger Fry develop his Theory of Formalism?

At the root of the Formalist theory, an esthetic vision that conceives the understanding of art work through the pure forms that construct it, we can name Roger Elliot Fry as the main author of this particular approach to the artistic phenomenon.

To begin with a quick overview about the author whose work we're about to discuss, it could be mentioned that he was born in London, in 1866, and was the son of a wealthy family. He later was a student at King's College, in Cambridge, where he became a member of the Cambridge Apostles. His inclinations towards the world of art were clear from the early stage of his life and,…. [read more]


Romanticism and Realism of the 19th Century World Essay

… Romanticism and Realism of the 19th Century World

The categories which it has become customary to use in distinguishing and classifying "movements" in literature or philosophy and in describing the nature of the significant transitions which have taken place in taste and in opinion, are far too rough, crude, undiscriminating -- and none of them so hopelessly as the category "Romantic."

-Arthur O. Lovejoy, "On the Discriminations of Romanticisms" (1924)

(as cited from Kreis, 2000)

The Romantic period has little meaning in the way people think is romantic and was more of an artistic, ideological, and philosophic movement in relation to the way the artist viewed them and the world in which they lived in. The period officially ran from 1801-1900 but several earlier works…. [read more]


Individuals and Society Romanticism Term Paper

… " (11-12)

Frankenstein was another classic tale of a Romantic misfit where one of the central characters is so disappointed with the society that he decides to create his own human being. That is definitely an extreme which fortunately not all Romantics were guilty of. The monster created by Frankenstein is another social misfit and there are obvious reasons why this is so. He is shunned by the society due of his despicable physical appearance which causes his extreme agony and pain. Through Frankenstein's monster, we can better explore a person's relationship with the society since this was an extreme case and one where neglect turned into violence. Romantic felt misunderstood and in this book, the author tried to explain that excess of neglect by…. [read more]


Romantic View of Women in 19th Century Literature Term Paper

… Faust

The Romantic period in English literature is usually considered to extend from 1798, when Wordsworth and Coleridge published their Lyrical Ballads, to 1832, when Sir Walter Scott died (Abrams et al. 1-3). The old regime in England took its stand in the face of revolutionary fervor based on the American and French Revolutions. For those who sympathized with the Revolution, they needed a new revolution directed against reason and toward something else, and that "something else" was imagination (Adams 363). Romanticism was a movement marked by a shift in feeling, a shift in sensibility, as well as a new concept of man's relation to the natural order and to Nature in particular. As with most movements, the perception that a group of poets exhibited…. [read more]


Romantic Lit Romantic Notions Essay

… The narrator continues to emphasize the heavenly aspects of innocence and dreamt "that thousands of sweepers…were all of them lock'd up in coffins of black" until an angel "open'd the coffins & set them all free" (26). This allegory is a parallel of the Christian belief that Jesus Christ rose from the dead and ascended into Heaven.

Alternately in "The Chimney Sweeper" in Songs of Experience, the narrator does not look to the future comforts that may be attained after death, but rather focuses on the present and the deplorable situation that he finds himself in. The chimneysweeper in this version of the poem has been forced into his work because he claims that his parents mistook his innocence as happiness, and "because [he] was…. [read more]


American Romanticism Essay

… American Romanticism

The literary movement known as American Romanticism extended between 1830 and 1860 and coincided with the Victorian period (1830-1880) in the U.S. The context of American Romanticism is also very interesting and relevant in our endeavor to understand this particular cultural movement in the history of our nation. From this perspective, American Romantics were undoubtedly influenced by the dramatic political and social changes taking place in the early nineteenth century.

Some of the most common literary themes of American Romanticism are escapism, the common man as a hero and nature as refuge. In fact, nature is at the core of Romantic writings which are characterized by emotional intensity, imagination and a profound infusion of subjectivism. Characters are generally static, often isolated from society.…. [read more]


19th Century Romanticism in Wordsworth and Delacroix Essay

… ¶ … 19th Century

Romanticism in Wordsworth and Delacroix

The Romantic period and movement covers a wide range of themes, styles and perceptions in art and literature. However, while there are divergent themes and approaches, there are also many areas of similarity. The Romantic era can best be understood through a clear grasp of the underlying ethos and the 'mood' of this genre in art. The ethos of romanticism, whether in literature or painting, conforms in general terms to certain central concerns. Among these central themes that emerge in Romanticism are the importance of the imagination; a heroic and defiant attitude to life, the belief in wider possibilities and experiences and a reaction to the society of the time.

With regard to the last point,…. [read more]


William Butler Yeats the Early Poetry Term Paper

… William Butler Yeats

The Early Poetry of William Butler Yeats

William Butler Yeats is often referred to as the last romantic poet. His ability to manipulate the readers emotions and to present intimate topics that still connect with audiences in the modern age stand testament not only to his ability as a poet, but also to the poignancy and genuineness that is reflected by the Romantic Movement. Though most famous for his later poetry, much of his early poetry is just as strong, and clearly reflects the influence of the Romantic poets that came before him.

A clear definition of the Romantic Movement, or of Romantic poetry is difficult to pinpoint. However, there are many elements that the Romantic poets display in their work that…. [read more]


Keats Odes Essay

… Romanticism in Keats' "Ode to a Nightingale"

John Keats is one of the most renown of the Romantic poets. His style, structure, and attitude toward poetry propelled him into the literary world at a fast pace. His poem, "Ode to a Nightingale," demonstrates some of the most popular criteria of Romantic poetry, which are a "persistent reference to nature and natural objects, inanimate self-revelation of the poet, and direct expression of strong, personal emotion" (Perkins 8). In "Ode to a Nightingale," we see a strong sense of imagination emphasized by contradictions, the beauty of nature in the bird's song, the self-revelation and personal emotion that the song brings to the poet. The elements of this poem make it a classic from the annals of Romantic…. [read more]

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