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School as Viewed and Interpreted by a Young Child Term Paper

… ¶ … School as a Young Child Might See it

School is commonly considered to be an institution where the child learns to read, write, and become aware of basic concepts of geography, history and science. In addition to this the school also provides the child enough room for learning to get on with people and to have a good start into the adult life. Schooling is considered as the first ever experience in the life of the child to go to a place outside their home. The child initiates to learn to become associated with a group of people external to his family. School plays a significant role in building the character of a child. There are wide and varied incidents that a child…. [read more]

Spirituality in Young Children's Temperament Literature Review

… ..enters a concrete stage; children associate religious identity with particular forms of behavior, kinship or dress, and prayer with specific concrete activities. They also interpret Bible stories concretely depicting God as a man or a power threatening specific action, often in response to specific transgression. (Gottlieb, 2006, p. 244 cited in: Grajczonek, nd, p. 14) This study contributes to the present study in the information provided about children's interpretation of their interactions with God.

The work of Geisenberg (2007) reports a study in which lasted 12 months and in which 56 children between the ages of three and seven years of age were observed and findings stated that "young children live in their spirituality and that young children are very aware of their surroundings and…. [read more]

Child Labor Define Research Paper

… Normative Argument

The problem is that no matter how difficult the United States or international bodies make the restrictions against child labor, there are always going to be some that find ways around the laws. This leads to disenfranchisement of these children. It is difficult to blame companies and countries that do not know that these practices are going on, but for those that do know, the fines should be exceedingly egregious. There are many cases where child labor practices have continued despite the people knowing that the work can be very detrimental. This is usually the result of a financial decision on someone's part (Ellenbogen, 2004).

Abuses continue to happen in nations that are considered enlightened as to the detriments of child labor. "Child…. [read more]

Discipline for Children Understanding Effective Research Paper

… In accordance with the child's age, reponses of parental discipline vary. Studies show us that younger children experience more physical punishments in comparison which older age children (Dietz, 2000; Ghate et al., 2003). Nevertheless, it is also noted that, older age children face, in comparison to younger children, more strict physical punishments than younger children (Nobes and Smith, 2002; Straus and Stewart, 1999). Utilization of physical punishment is common among pre-school age children and toddlers, in North America and UK (Clement et al., 2000; Ghate et al., 2003). According to Durrant (2005), reason behind this high level of disciplinary problems in these ages is because of the combination of age-based influences resulted in demonstration of independence and exploration, along with the element of negativism, impulsive…. [read more]

Child Care Developmental Observation Term Paper

… A major component for the play area is the consideration of the size of space for a child or children to play. Designs for different ages of children are vital for the safety and cognitive development of the youngster. Not only is safety a primary issue, but appropriately sized playground structures are also important.

Observation Visit 4:

again had the opportunity to observe Maribel on the playground. Her love of the outdoors is evident as she chased butterflies, and picked some wildflowers growing in the new spring grasses.

Again, she met up with children her own age, and together they played for about 20 minutes. The small group interacted and played in the sandbox while using various shaped pails to build. New experiences and the…. [read more]

Children, Grief, and Attachment Theory Term Paper

… Children, Grief, And Attachment Theory

When a child, age 7 to 11, experiences the death of a nuclear or extended family member, the experi-ence generates subsequent grief reaction/s. During the mixed methods study, the researcher investigates ways attachment theory may positively compliment grief reaction/s and concerns challenging the grieving child that may include feelings which include, but not limited to anger, confusion, fear, and self-blame. When not addressed, these reactions may link to the child experiencing ensuing health and/or mental health problems in his/her later life. The study also relates a number of ways to help to confront bereavement issues that children experience.

Relating to Death

Addressing "Something Else"

Statement of the Problem

Purpose of Study

Significance of Study

Scope of Study

Rationale of Study…. [read more]

Children's Television Programs More Violent Term Paper

… The program and network options were then separated between the two target audience categories. A random drawing was made on May 9 until three hours of viewing were covered for the adult and children/youth categories. The selected programs were then checked against program categories, to ensure that at least two of the options for each audience category were covered. The results were:

Adults - one hour-long drama (Law & Order), and four half-hour sitcoms (That 70s Show, Will and Grace, King of Queens and Everybody Loves Raymond)

Children - one hour-long dramatic series (7th Heaven), two half-hour sitcoms (Lizzie McGuire and Boy Meets World), and two half-hour cartoons (Berenstein Bears and Timothy Goes to School)

Random selection generated the above programs, thereby negating any need…. [read more]

Understanding Children's Memory Essay

… Children's Developmental Stages And Testimony

Developmental Stages of Children

Describe a child's developmental stages as they relate to the ability to form memories and recall events.

Piaget is generally considered to have provided the starting point for theories related to child development. Developmental psychologists have established a robust body of literature that builds on Piagetian theory, and sometimes discounts it. Regardless, his work is seminal in the field of child development. Piaget's developmental stages theory has relevance to our discussion; they are as follows:

Sensorimotor stage: (birth to 2 years) it is important to note that this period has six sub-stages, during which intelligence is demonstrated through motor activity and is absent symbol use. Object permanence (memory and conceptualization of things existing out of one's…. [read more]

Domestic Violence on Children Term Paper

… A history of abuse is also related to the severity of a given mental disturbance, including suicidality, age at first admission to facility for care, frequency and length of admissions, time spent in seclusion, likelihood and dosage of psychiatric medication, and global symptom severity (Beitchman, et al., 1992; Briere, et al., 1997; Bryer, et al., 1987; Pettigrew & Burcham, 1997).

Read also discovered that of those New Zealand inpatients who reported either childhood sexual abuse or childhood physical abuse, 64% were acutely suicidal on admission, as compared to only 22% of in-patients who had not suffered these types of abuse (Read, 1998). A later study of 200 adult outpatients determined that child abuse was a significantly stronger factor in current suicidality than was a more…. [read more]

Influences on Social Cognition in Children and Adolescents Research Paper

… Thus, how children think and relate to others is heavily influenced by their parents over a number of different factors from parental warmth to the overall style of parenting. Moreover, early attitude formation regarding one's expectations of others, stereotyping, one's political views, etc. are shaped by parental interactions (Grusec, Goodnow & Kuczynski, 2000; White, & Matawie, 2004).

Peer Influences

As adolescents mature they become more capable of abstract thinking and questioning the status quo (Piaget, 1954). There is a tendency for adolescents to seek others who think like them or who think and act like they wish to be (Dodge, 1993). Much of the study of the impact on peer influence and social cognitive development in children and adolescents has concentrated on the negative connotations.…. [read more]

Child Custody Family Law Thesis

… This is employed as an alternative to having a child testify directly. The therapist cannot testify on behalf of the child, but can account to the court his interpretation of information gathered from sessions with the child. Psychologists must not give opinions regarding the physiological functioning of individuals who they have not personally evaluated, which implies that the therapist cannot give an opinion of the parents of children if they have not evaluated the parent's themselves. A few ways in which information is gathered includes in-home visits, one on one sessions, and observational methods; or any combination of the various techniques.

The use of counseling is a topic of heated debate with both serious ethical and financial concerns. Some claim counseling is ineffective because children…. [read more]

Parent Interview on School Violence Research Proposal

… Parent Interview- School Violence: Project Description

The subjects of this project include two parents who have children in the public school system in urban Los Angeles. Both parents have children attending the same high school, the level at which one might expect school violence to pose the greatest threat to children and parents. The first parent is a fairly young single mother of one child. The mother is 31, and her daughter, aged 15, is a high-school freshman. The mother is African-American, and her daughter is of mixed ancestry, half African-American and half-Mexican-American. The father has been intermittently involved in the daughter's life, but is currently incarcerated. The other parent is also relatively young, a 38-year-old African-American father of a 16-year-old son. The father is…. [read more]

Servicing Children in Need in a Small Elementary School Term Paper

… ¶ … Servicing Children in Need and Ethical Morality

Servicing Children in Need in a Small Elementary School

This paper serves as a review of a service learning project based on my experiences volunteering at a small elementary school, working with the school nurse. The school I observed included many children from lower income families, many of whom are neglected or have little in the way of social support from their family or family members. This paper details my emotional reaction to my experience while working with the school, and application of the ethical theory to the concept of "serving others in need."

Ethical Theory

Modern interpretations of ethical theory focus on interrelationships between and amongst people (Lee 6). Many ethical theorists including Maslow suggest…. [read more]

Raising Children in US Looking at Class Welfare Gender and Sexism Racism and Child Abuse Research Proposal

… Raising Children in the U.S.

Raising the Future: Interactions Between Society and Children as Indicators for an Unhealthy Culture in the United States

Negative Roles for Children in U.S. Culture? Implications from Perceptions, Interactions, and Parenting Styles

Raising children is a complex multi-faceted experience, bringing about many issues such as discipline, communication, and respect. There are many issues arising in the parent/child relationship out of societal expectations and demands; many power dynamics are simply a result of this. Autonomy and identity are yet another complex piece of the social demands placed on children in the U.S. culture. In the United States, children are expected to mature faster then ever, yet they are often chided for such growth. For instance, children are expected to learn how…. [read more]

Research Paper

… They want to feel like grown-ups, but they still have very little self-control. In addition, sexuality is just another piece of the puzzle that adds to their insecurities, taboos, curiosities etc. There'd plenty of sexually explicit material and they are bound to be attracted by what they know very little about, but are eager to find out as much as possible. The worst thing for adolescents would be to learn about their sexuality from television programs.

Most of the educational programs mentioned can be viewed worldwide thanks to cable, along with those each country has designed for its younger viewers. However, the regulations regarding TV commercials are widely varying, so the invitation to eat high calorie foods and drinks may still be allowed in some…. [read more]

Characteristics of Asperger Syndrome and Coping Strategies Research Paper

… Asperger Syndrome

Asperger's Disorder -- also referred to as Asperger syndrome (AS) -- is essentially a "…chronic neurodevelopmental disorder" that limits the afflicted person's ability to have normal social interaction and communication, according to an article in the journal, European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (Woodbury-Smith, et al., 2009, p. 2). While AS is not associated with the problems resulting from intellectual disability, Woodbury-Smith emphasizes that AS is viewed as a "severe social disability" and in some cases there are "associated mental health and other medical problems" that can (and do) persist throughout life (p. 2).

The authors of this article point to some of the difficulties that result from AS, including the fact that diagnosis of AS is frequently delayed and that causes additional problems…. [read more]

Techniques Used to Sell a Toy in a Commercial Term Paper

… Advertising Ad Analysis: Undifferentiated and Intense Persuasion in Children's Advertising

But all of the other kids are getting one!" Every year, around Christmas time, normally sensible parents will devote themselves to spending hours in the toy stores, in malls, or online, to find a must-have toy for their child. The parents may defend their actions by stating that the toy is educational, encourages the child's creativity, or simply that one is only a child once. Their real collective motivation for engaging in such behavior is often referred to by marketers and adults alike as the "nag factor," or the fact that children often influence the purchasing decisions in a household.

A child's desire can be so powerful, parents find it almost impossible to resist, especially…. [read more]

Parental Involvement in Urban School Settings Dissertation

… Parental Involvement in Urban School Settings

Context of the Problem

This designed research project is to examine the effects of why there is a lack of Parental Involvement in urban schools is low. Not many parents particularly minorities are able to work together with the school activities due to lack of immovability. Most parents of the minority ethnic groups can not afford to take off work to become involved with school activities. Most of the students that go to urban schools are dominantly minorities which make the percentage for Parental Involvement in urban schools tremendously low. Most of the students come from a single parent home. The concept of Parental Involvement is to allow parents to become involved with the teachers and the school. In…. [read more]

Social Development in Early Childhood Essay

… Other students will have turned five the previous fall, while most will have had spring and summer birthdays. The age of entry into kindergarten depends on a school district's rules; it sometimes happens that parents are eager to put their children in school and exceptions are made where a too-young child is admitted. Children have different personalities and different rates of maturity; it is certainly possible that a child age 5.1 years is better prepared for school than one who is 5.8 years. In general, though, younger children tend to be less ready than their chronologically older peers to meet the demands of classroom routine.

Porath also fails to incorporate any discussion about family, including such influential factors as birth order, number of siblings, the…. [read more]

Good vs. Bad Child Care: Impact on Developing Children Term Paper

… ¶ … Quality Day Care Services on the Developing Child

Young children's healthy development must proceed properly to insure that they develop into adults capable of achieving their best potentials. More and more parents of young children today must go to work or school and entrust this healthy development to child care centers or caregivers in their absence (Medline Plus 2007). The need to choose the one best fit for the purpose is paramount, considering the length of time their young children stay in these centers or with these caregivers. Their children's experiences in these centers or with caregivers can enhance or harm their healthy development. Some offer quality care and some offer poor quality care. Under the circumstances, parents take a calculated risk.

Literature…. [read more]

Cognitive Development Children Are Complex Essay

… In one article, recent advances in the study of visual attentiveness in infants was summarized and found to be dependent on four factors: alertness, spatial orienting, attention to object features, and endogenous attention (Colombo, 2001). These factors vary in importance at different stages of development, and understanding and applying these variances in directing activities may have a significant effect on cognitive development (Colombo, 2001). For instance, Colombo (2001) found that "at 8 weeks of age, the infant may have considerable skills in spatial orienting and object attention, but bringing the infant to the alert state will be the primary obstacle in demonstrating those skills. At 16 weeks, attainment of the alert state is generally not such an obstacle, but both spatial and object attention are…. [read more]

History Term Paper

… In part three of the act the protection of children is mandated to the authorities if the authorites deem that the children are in need of that protection.

17. -- (1) It shall be the general duty of every local authority (in addition to the other duties imposed on them by this Part) -- a) to safeguard and promote the welfare of children within their area who are in need; and b) so far as is consistent with that duty, to promote the upbringing of such children by their families, by providing a range and level of services appropriate to those children's needs.

2) For the purpose principally of facilitating the discharge of their general duty under this section, every local authority shall have the…. [read more]

Childhood Development Factors Influencing Early Essay

… While an indulgent parent might spend a significant amount of time with the child, a positive and consistent use of punishment during the two-year study period was associated with improved gross motor skills and vocabulary. The child of an indulgent working parent with a weak, inconsistent, or absent punishment practice would probably be developmentally delayed on these two measures.

Impact of Early Education on Cognitive Development

The importance of early education for child development is a generally uncontested concept in most countries, so much so, that many countries with the resources to implement preschool programs for disadvantaged children do so (reviewed by Burger, 2010). The assumption that these programs make is that children from low-income families do not have access to the same stimulating learning…. [read more]

Myth of the First Three Essay

… For instance, they quote the example of the Early Head Start program that led to positive results for children in the United States. They also express partial agreement of the claims made by John Bruer by agreeing that the claims of popular neuroscience may be exaggerated at times, but also claim that the importance of the first three years cannot be dismissed outright. They also point out that Bruer only focuses on intellectual development while ignoring the development of social and emotional capacities during the first three years. They also point out to the negative consequences of ignoring the importance of healthy interpersonal relationships and social environments during the first three years on the subsequent development of the child. In this way, they successfully present…. [read more]

Disney Affects on Children American Cultural Research Paper

… Disney

The Affect of Disney Culture on American Society

Disney is more than a name. It is a brand. In fact, Disney dominates the consumer market and has socially, economically, and educationally affected American culture. The way Americans interact, buy, entertain, and teach has become less dignified and more Disney-fied. While some view Disney as the greatest thing since sliced bread, others are of a different opinion: namely that Disney is a greedy, profiteering machine that has corrupted its image, seduced children, and preached false doctrine. This paper will show how Disney has negatively shaped American culture, despite objections from Disney-devotees that the Mouse is still good.

The most recent public criticism of Disney Corps. came just before the 2011 Academy Awards show, when Academy…. [read more]

School Culture on School Safety Term Paper

… According to the National School Safety Center (1995) creating safe schools is about commitment. That does not mean only commitment from the principal, or from the teachers, or from the students. Accomplishing such a goal requires families, schools, and community leaders to talk about the quality of the educational environment they want to provide for youth and together develop the strategies that will produce the desired results.

This type of cohesive commitment is the only real way that schools can be made safer, as one person cannot do it alone, and communities must express the desire to make schools safer and therefore give the students a better school life and more hope for the future. The Center also suggests that achieving these goals requires leaders…. [read more]

School Closure Research -- Peggy and Brian Application Essay

… School Closure Research -- Peggy and Brian Scenario

It is always difficult to make decisions that involve closing public services, most especially when those services are public education. However, a fiscally responsible government must have guidelines and has promised to spend the public's dollars wisely. Our analysis revolves around Kingston, a small wheat belt town about 60 km from the nearest regional centre, Beeganup. Kingston is quite isolated but is able to communicate and receive regular transportation of freight, sundries, and other goods. The population is listed as just over 1,100, but almost half are residents on rural farms surrounding the township.

Unfortunately, the trend in Kingston is both a diaspora and decline -- the local weekly newspaper had to fold due to lack of…. [read more]

Child Counseling Term Paper

… It is important to live life in an honesty and loving way and Alicia is missing certain aspects of this basic life expectation. My therapeutic treatment goals therefore would focus on the processes Alicia has experienced as they occurred with less emphasis on diagnostic categorization. Instead, the focus would be on building a relationship with her in order to help her feel a little safer in the world. "An existential psychotherapy is one concerned with existence, with the basic fact of being." (Bugental 1978) In other words, the secondary approach would be to process Alicia's life and allow her to increase her awareness of her inner self. "The therapist's most important tool ... is his or her own person, through which the therapist engages with…. [read more]

Attachment Theory & Self-Psychology Dissertation

… The "Growing" Process

Overview of the Study

Clinical Case Study Dissertation Structure

The Rationale for Clinical Case Study Dissertation

Diverse Contentions

Emotional Abuse/Maltreatment

Winnicott's Relational Model Theory

Bowlby's Attachment Theory

Kohut's Self-Psychology


Theoretical Basis for Case


Winnicott's Relational Model Theory

Bowlby's Attachment Theory

Kohut's Self-Psychology


Shania's Presenting Problems

Early Stage: Development of Therapeutic Relationship and the Holding


Middle Stage: Transference and Counter-transferenceread more-->[read more]

Teen Pregnancy and Parenting on the Educational Research Proposal

… ¶ … teen pregnancy and parenting on the educational advancement of a girl child in Buea-Cameroon

In the past 3 decades, there has been an ever increasing interest in the link between lower educational advancements of teenage mothers and adolescents who get pregnant. Numerous studies have confirmed that higher levels of teenage pregnancy are directly linked to higher levels of educational abandonment (Albert, B., Sarah and Christine, 2003; Singh and Darroch, 2000; Federal/Provincial/Territorial Advisory Committee on Population Health, 1999; Galambos and Tilton-Weaver, 1998). This level of consistency has led many researchers to believe that there is a definite and interdependent relation between the two amongst the youth (The Alan Guttmacher Institute, 2000; 1999a, 1999b, 1999c; The Real Costs of Teen Pregnancy, 2006; Social Exclusion Unit,…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.