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Demand Macroeconomics 'It's an Ill Wind Research Proposal


macroeconomics 'It's an ill wind that blows no one good' -- sustained or increased demand during an economic downturn. Who is unaffected by or benefits from an economic recession?

'It's an ill wind that blows no one good' -- sustained or increased demand during an economic downturn. Who is unaffected by or benefits from an economic recession?

According to the standard, textbook economic definition of a recession, overall macroeconomic demand will decrease as individuals lose jobs. Inventories will grow as a result and production will decline in response. Eventually, prices go down as firms engage in bidding wars, and consumers begin to buy again (Haltiwanger et al. 1991, p.89). However, as the current recession demonstrates, the effects of a contraction upon specific niche demographics…. [read more]

Big Business and Labor in the Late 19th Century Essay

… Big Business and Labor in the Late 19th Century

19th Century Industrial Capitalism

In the wake of Reconstruction, all of America began to rapidly industrialize. It was no longer divided between an agrarian South and an industrial North -- now all of America was undergoing rapid economic change. On one hand, this shift opened up opportunities for many Americans. Americans could make money, not by relying upon family ties, but by using hard work and technology to make a profit. Of course, America had always been less hierarchical in nature than aristocratic Europe, a place where profits were there to be had, with the sweat and toil of one's brow. But before, farming was the main means available for individuals to make a small fortune…. [read more]

Collapse of the Big Three Research Paper

… The total benefits would be the fun of driving, the aesthetic value of the car, ease of transportation, the fun of owning the car, the help it might provide one's work or family and other values (Khan, 2007). The formula for calculating the percentage of the market share that cars made by the big three vs. cars made by foreign automakers highlights where the consumers head was at during this decline of the American auto industry.

This formula created the following values for the following automobiles:

"Mean Values for Each Model:

Car Market Share Price Safety Reliability Gas Mileage

Chevy Impala 4.49 18400.70 4.23 3.60-19.80

Chrysler Sebring 1.00 18340.56 4.17 4.75-20.67

Ford Taurus 8.09 18406.00 4.40 4.70-19.22

Honda Accord 8.81 16922.10 4.00 4.44-24.30

Nissan Altima…. [read more]

Hybrid Cars From an Individualistic Research Paper

… Conclusion

Sales of hybrid cars seem to be at least temporarily trending downward, but Toyota, once again defying conventional wisdom, appears to be betting that they will remain popular over the long-term. Until recently, in terms of sales "there was Toyota and everyone else. The Prius alone is around half of ALL hybrid sales. Add in the rest of Toyota's hybrids, including the Lexus ones, and it simply isn't even worth talking about 2nd place" ("2012 hybrid cars: Has interest really declined," Hybrid Cars, 2012). Toyota expects that hybrid sales will increase 60%, despite the temporary downturn, thanks to the increasing price of gas ("2012 hybrid cars: Has interest really declined," Hybrid Cars, 2012).

The fact that the Prius is so easily recognizable as a…. [read more]

Shift in Demand for Cars From Big to Small Case Study

… This is a secondary factor that influences demand for cars therefore; its influence upon demand for vehicle is temporal. If the fuel prices fall and give an indication of remaining low-consumer behavior is expected to change towards negligence of the cost of fuel. This will drive up their demand for a big car therefore, rolling back preferences.

The demand for big cars accommodates the lifestyle of people with families in America. This implies that although people may opt for small cars with the rising cost of fuel their desires are for big cars. If an increase in the volume of disposable income for an individual their spending behavior will reflect their preference for big cars. Therefore, if the incomes of the people increase to allow…. [read more]

Demand and Supply of NYC Taxis Term Paper

… ¶ … New York City, New York, perhaps one of the first things to come to mind is the 'yellow cab'. New York City (NYC) taxis are a staple of comedy, and an iconic image of the city, complete with the stereotypical grouchy taxi driver. Surprisingly, however, there are those who suggest that NYC does not have enough taxis for the burgeoning population and its demands for instant transportation regardless of the weather. The following report will consider why that might be the case, examining factors such as supply and demand, pricing, regulation, and the competitive market, as well as other factors such as taxes and their impact, along with supporting data. The consequences of both the NYC 'medallion system' as well as a recent…. [read more]

Small Medium Enterprise Set Up Book Report

… (Insurance Facts and Figures 2012) (Market Presentation 2013) (English 2009) (Anderson 2009) (Kinder 2002)

At the same time, the company will focus on reaching out to the affluent and helping them to address their issues. This will occur in areas such as: estate planning, creating strategies to protect their wealth / diversify their assets and keeping up with the changing needs in their lives. The firm will also target those individuals who are from middle class backgrounds. They can use the different products to protect their families, save for college / retirement, build an estate and establish different forms of income. This will take place using a combination of life insurance and annuities. (Insurance Facts and Figures 2012) (Market Presentation 2013) (English 2009) (Anderson 2009)…. [read more]

2007 Economic Crisis on American Thesis

… S.

One of the main factors which incremented this crisis even more was the expensive cost of automobile fuel, this was linked to the global oil crisis which occurred before the automobile crisis. The rise in fuel prices caused the general consumer to shift in their demand and they now opted to buy except for the large vehicles such as pickup trucks or SUV's as compared to the other vehicles available in the market since the larger vehicles tend to use more fuel.

Another major factor which aggravated the crisis was the considerably high cost of labor which was greater as compared to the labor's counterparts in non-unions, this included salaries, healthcare benefits, pensions and other related job benefits. The management while demanding labor peace…. [read more]

International Procurement Dissertation

… School of Engineering and Design

Science in [your course title goes here]

This study investigates the circumstances in which buying materials and components from foreign suppliers can offer benefits to a manufacturer and those in which buying locally offers more advantages, taking into consideration factors such as the nature of the item to be purchased, the level of production technology, the item costs, the volatility of demand, rate of change of specification, among other variables. Firms must make important changes if they wish to reap the potentially huge scale economies of international procurement. For example, procurement decisions for low-volume, low-cost commodities (especially those with high transportation costs) can be left to regional headquarters or even to individual affiliates. Within the firm, procurement decisions need to…. [read more]

Electric Car Essay

… The price and demand for oil will also impact the alternative fuel industry, and just like the gulf oil spill, these are factors that are difficult to predict.

Global Influences

One unpredictable aspect of the 2020 outlook is how markets would be affected if more stringent and consistent legislation is adopted that supports specific technologies ("J.D. Power"). In particular, China has the ability to move quickly, invest heavily in the development of one specific propulsion technology, and mandate fuel economy or emissions standards that could favor a particular technology or require a minimum sales penetration level for vehicles with a designated technology ("J.D. Power"). Given the size and growth rate of the Chinese auto market, such a coordinated regulatory environment might allow Chinese companies to…. [read more]

Number of Different Factors Research Paper

… The other thing Edgar has to think about here is that even people who continue to patronize his gas station will have less money for discretionary items if the price of gas continues to rise. So not only will he have fewer customers, but the remaining customers will spend less as well. The latter trend will be evident in the short-run, too, whereas the former trend is mainly going to be long-run.

All of this means is that an increase in gas prices does not necessarily mean an increase in revenue. It might, in the short run, though customers could just substitute discretionary purchases in the store in favor of the higher gas, which will cannibalize higher-margin goods, but in the long run Edgar might…. [read more]

Lotus Rental Car's CFO Feasibility Research Paper

… Therefore the feasibility of the idea may be in question. What can be foretold in the future from this is that the need to move to cars that use alternate fuels that do not pollute and are an alternate to the fossil-based fuel. That however is beyond any action of any individual company.


One of the problems of the current vehicle fleet could be the changes in laws that are going to come. Pollution laws are getting stringent day by day. These small laws will build up in course of time to force all manufacturers and users of vehicles to change. But the effect will be universal and therefore at that time the Lotus Company will not feel any crunch that is not felt…. [read more]

Coffee Demand Was Considerably More Elastic Term Paper

… Coffee demand was considerably more elastic than the Columbia producers believed because they were still operating upon an older mode of assessing demand, one based upon a market with fewer substitute goods and fewer alternative sources for the cash crop. Once upon a time, all Americans, by and large, woke in the morning to a cup of coffee. Coffee was consumed at breakfast as a staple. But in the 1970s, consumers had more available substitute goods, like sodas, for their caffeine addiction. Also, the number of producers increased: "As more and more farmers began producing coffee beans (estimates ranged from 750,000 to 900,000 farms in 1972), prices began to steadily decline. Well over 200,000 farms were lost by the mid-1990s, as the oversupply of coffee…. [read more]

Impact of the Higher Gas Prices in the Automobile Industry Term Paper

… ¶ … High Gas Prices on the Automobile Industry

The heart and soul of this study, the primary research question, purports: What impact(s) do higher gas prices exert on the automobile industry (GM; Ford; Toyota; BMW; other manufacturers)? Subsequent questions include: How has the price of gas progressed through history? What do higher gas prices impact?

The study presents pertinent information/data which will prove useful to other researchers, as well as, to individuals impacted by higher gas prices, particularly those connected to the automobile industry. These individuals will especially benefit as this study aims to complement one's current understanding regarding this critical, contemporary concern.

This qualitative study utilizes the literature search methodology and obtains information from a variety of scholarly, news, general and governmental publications.…. [read more]

Government Business Relations a Comparison Between Models in the United States and Japanese Automobile Industries Essay

… Government-Business Relations

Since the end of World War II, Japan has evolved from a country that was a conquered nation, to one that would rebuild to become an economic powerhouse. As they rebuilt key industries, that would help it to dominate markets; that were once the exclusive territory of overseas competitors. In the case the auto industry, the changes that took place helped the Japanese automakers to become some of the largest and most profitable organizations in the world. A good example of this can be seen with Toyota overtaking General Motors as the largest producer of small cars and trucks. ("Japanese Auto Industry," n.d.) This is significant because it underscores how the differences in philosophy; between the government to business relationship is helping the…. [read more]

Social Political or Economical Issues That Impact the Automobile Industry Business Plan

… Automotive Industry

Assessing the Social, Political and Economic Factors

Impacting the Auto Industry

auto industry today is going through a disruptive, turbulent transition away from build-to-inventory manufacturing practices to more demand-driven and build-to-order manufacturing and selling strategies. This transition is being driven by economic factors including consumers not replacing their autos as much as in the past, and being much more focused on the environmental impact and carbon footprint of their cars. The political factors of dependence on foreign oil which is seen by many as a threat to national security and the high dependence the U.S. has on many nations they don't have diplomatic ties with including Venezuela are all combining to change the structure of this industry (Gaylord, 2010). These broader, more global…. [read more]

Nature Project, Sources Information Plan Essay

… Aside from the secondary sources -- as shown in the Nature of sourcessection -- the actual research and analysis would also draw on the primary sources, namely the documents provided by the company for the public. The use of these primary resources is limited, since Ford is a private company and only discloses partial information to the audience. The usage of secondary sources of information is characterized by an efficiency of research, through the elimination of the need for field research. Nevertheless, focus will have to be placed on the nature of the sources selected, so that they are relevant, pertinent and trustworthy.

The precise research method to be employed in the collection of data is represented by the case study, which is a commonly…. [read more]

Germany Research Project Research Paper

… The government even forced the youth to be a part of the army which led to Germany's s army a big and prominent one in the war. (Jarausch, 2006) Since this was the case, the entire population of Germany became highly aggressive. This aforementioned population did not include the anti-Nazis but as mentioned earlier there weren't a lot of those any way. The Nazi supporting population had been so brainwashed by the previous regime that they had completed been washed away of all their tolerance. Even though the Jews were victims the most, other races and minority groups were under threat as well. The Nazi supporting Germans did not like the idea of Jews or any other culture or race living in the country. (Jarausch,…. [read more]

Crowdsourcing Techniques in Call Centers Dissertation

… [EXCERPT] . . . promising phenomenon that lends itself to call centers' ability to improve their own and their other business units' efficiency is the employment of crowdsourcing. Crowdsourcing is an online, distributed problem-solving and production model already in use by for-profit organizations such as Threadless, iStockphoto, and InnoCentive. Speculation in Weblogs and wisdom of crowds theory assumes a diverse crowd engaged in crowdsourcing labor. Crowdsourcing is the act of taking a job traditionally performed by a designated agent (usually an employee) and outsourcing it to an undefined, generally large group of people in the form of an open call. Furthermore, and as crowdsourcing is in some ways similar to open-source software production, prior research suggests that individuals in the crowd likely participate in crowdsourcing…. [read more]

Globalization Increased and Standards Essay

… Government level support in production of Eco Cars with annual production of above 2 million units of output providing a prosperous potential in the small car sector.

Reduction in excise duties in order to assist the Eco Car production resulted in lowering cost production for small cars thus making them more competitive in the international market (Ou, Massrour & Noormohamed, 2009).


Rising oil prices and high political instability post 2007 has resulted in maintaining cost efficiency thus threatening the competitiveness of the Thailand automotive industry.

Thailand has a high technological gap with not only the west but also with other Asian competing markets in the automotive sector.


Increased labour supply in knowledge workers creates a potential of availability of cheaper labour.

Increase in…. [read more]

American Automotive Industry and Porter's Five Forces Model Research Paper

… American Automotive Industry and Porter's Theory

American Automotive Industry in the light of Porter's Five Forces Model

automotive industry contributes a great deal in global economy. It is huge and a truly global industry; has gone through major wave of recession and is now in recent years showing gradual improvement. It has severely faced challenges of globalization, decreasing oil reserves resulting in high fuel costs, changes in buyer's demand and diminishing buying potential along with threats from direct competitions especially from Asian manufacturers who are enjoying low production cost.

The research paper is an overview of the automotive industry in America which is further followed by an analysis of the industry's structural characteristics, its profile and its impact on U.S. economy with the behavior it…. [read more]

Sociology History of Business Science Research Proposal

… Delimitations

Today, modern business systems help an increasingly globalized world function in seamless ways. In fact, English is rapidly becoming the lingua franca of the business world and transnational borders and cross-cultural factors no longer operate as major barriers to commerce. Further, a wide range of financial instruments exist such as letters of credit and bills of lading whose purpose and operation are readily understood by businesspeople from New York to New Delhi. Business correspondence too has a fairly standardized format that businesspeople all over the world both use and understand and all of these features have helped create a modern business system that is both efficient and effective in achieving the movement of goods and services around the world. All of these business systems,…. [read more]

Pharmaceutical Industries Have to Operate Term Paper

… The data that was evaluated was a combination from book, journal articles, review papers and the Internet. The information reviewed pertained to a wide variety of situations and industries. There were some common trends observed in all the material. The commitment of the management and the involvement of the worker are critical no matter what the condition of the external and internal environment the company faces. Integrating the core function -- marketing and sale of products along with the goals and the objectives of the organization is the new route the organization has to now follow.

A distillation of the interviews will be provided in Chapter 2.


Understanding the main…. [read more]

Alternate Energy in Daily Life Research Paper

… Students and others living in apartments or other rentals, especially those living in old rental units, would probably not have enough power for an entire day and would likely be part of the class of have-not Americans who had to suffer by having unreliable electricity in their daily life.

Back in the mid-20th century, science fiction commonly envisioned a future where everyone went faster and farther. Star Trek proposed that people might someday go anywhere with transporters, while even catoons like The Jetsons showed a future where every family had personal, flying cars. Star Trek actor Avery Brooks brought up the lack of flying cars in an IBM commercial that played as the 21st century opened, saying:

"It's the year 2000, but where are the…. [read more]

Strategic Management Report Essay

… Strategic Management Report

Toyota Motor Corporation

Toyota Motor Corporation is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Toyota City, Aichi, Japan. It is one of the world's largest automakers on the basis of revenues, scale of operations, and vehicle production capacity. The major products of the company are automobiles, commercial vehicles, power engines, and motorcycles. It manufactures personal, luxury, and heavy transport vehicles under its own brand name and deals in fuel, hybrid, and electric vehicles. Toyota Motor Corporation is the largest subsidiary of the Toyota Group which also owns a number of well-known automobile brands like Daihatsu, Lexus, Scion, Hino Motors, etc. Toyota manufactured its 200-millionth vehicle in July 2012. It was founded in 1937 by Kiichiro Toyoda. The mission of Toyota Motors Company…. [read more]

Marketing Strategies That Provide BMW Thesis

… Rolls-Royce Motor Cars presented its Ghost Extended Wheelbase version for the first time at the Shanghai Car Show and series production of this model will begin in 2012.

The cumulative effect of the company's marketing efforts during the period 1993 to date can clearly be discerned in Figure 1 below, particularly in recent months due in large part, perhaps, to the initiatives delineated above.

Figure 1. BMW Stock Performance: 1993-2011



Major Competitors

A comparative description of BMW and its major competitors is provided in Table 1 below.

Table 1

Major players in the global automobile industry


Key Facts and Figures


Like BMW, Audi is also one of Germany's oldest-established automobile manufacturers dating back to 1932 when four independent motor-vehicle manufacturers:…. [read more]

Oil Market & U.S. Economy Research Paper

… When oil prices are low, so too will be gasoline prices. When consumers have more money, they will either spend it or save it. For the U.S. economy, both are good. Savings rates have typically been too low, until the recent economic crisis. Therefore in general lower gas prices will give Americans more money that they can put into savings. They will also spend, which will increase the GDP directly. Lower gas prices also reflect lower costs for business as well. Low gas prices throughout the past few decades have allowed businesses to build models based on long-distance transportation, allowing businesses to enjoy substantial economies of scale in production, in distribution and in retailing. The increases in productivity facilitated by these economies of scale have…. [read more]

Family Decision-Making Term Paper

… Family Decision Making

During the past decade the market has become increasingly customer oriented, and an important feature with customers is the purchase behavior relative to the family. For instance, parents' purchasing behavior is influenced by the needs of children; similarly, the children's purchases are influenced by parent's considerations' advices and preferences. Therefore, marketers have to consider several family characteristics in promoting and selling certain products and services.

The family decision making in regard to the items bought can be analyzed from four perspectives: role structure, power structure, decision making stage and the family culture. The role structure reveals that the decision making process within a household is influenced by the role played by each member, husband, wife, mother or father. Similar to the role…. [read more]

Soft Systems Techniques Dissertation

… The execution time for the transition can also affect the perceived cost - benefit relationship. The new system must begin to return applicable benefit to the organization within a planned amount of time, or else the transition will begin to be opposed by those involved

Figure 2: Critical Mass of Transition Process.

This is the situation in which IMS Group currently finds themselves. Managing this change process, from Pre-planning through the resolution of the last bug and glitch is the responsibility of an IT consultant, and the focus of this project.

The web was designed principally as a mechanism for information access - to some extent a form of collaboration in its own right. However, it is not at all obvious how this existing infrastructure…. [read more]

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