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Alcoholism and the DSM-IV-TR Term Paper

… The members of the support group receive help and support through meetings that convene on a regular basis and through the support of a sponsor. MET is very different from AA, they provide clear advice for behavioral change, and provides the client with a plan for success. The client is given a lot of feedback, guidance and tools for success. Some researchers have found that clients have a better success rate when they are involved in both therapy and a support group. Many therapist works directly with a support group to ensure their clients are getting the necessary support they need to change their destructive behavior. When there is communication between the support group and the therapist the client has a better chance of success.…. [read more]


Crystal Meth Term Paper

… Meth

There is such a wide variety of disheartening stories regarding individuals from every walk of life concerning their addictions to 'crystal meth' that methamphetamine is now considered a household word.

They come in all shapes and sizes and they're from all walks of life. Teen crystal-meth users are everywhere, looking for their next hit of the dangerous and deadly "Drug Next Door." (Booth 2006)

The fact that the drug is becoming prevalent in such obscure places as the rural midwest and south regions of the country causes some major headaches for law-enforcement officials trying to combat its effects on the community.

One of the reasons for such prevalence is the low cost and long-lasting effects of the drug, as well as its simplicity in…. [read more]


Why Marijuana Should Be Legalized in the U Research Paper

… Religion

The legalization of marijuana: Is the hysteria about the drug all smoke and no fire?

The 18th Amendment, which prohibited the use of alcohol, is now regarded dismal failure. Its one 'success' in changing American civic life was the way it solidified the grip of organized crime upon the nation's urban landscape. However, prohibition of drugs, including marijuana, remains the law of the land in America today. America has always emphasized more punitive approaches to drug enforcement, even in comparison with its Western European counterparts, which have tended to stress treatment and management of addiction as a disease. Because marijuana use is particularly common, a disproportionate number of individuals convicted for drug possession are marijuana users. Ironically, marijuana is also considered to be the…. [read more]


Legalizing Activities Such as Recreational Term Paper

… The spectrum of government paternalism spans from complete permissibility, allowing utterly reckless conduct that is injurious to others to comprehensive over- regulation, where legal penalties attach to eating junk food if one is above one's ideal weight. My first disagreement with the current illegal status of recreational drugs is that I believe it represents a position on the spectrum that is too close to over- regulation in that it prohibits activities that are (or that should be) purely matters of personal choice. In my opinion, mandatory seatbelt and motorcycle helmet laws infringe into issues of personal choice where there is no justification based on protecting the public at large. Conversely, I am in favor of prohibiting seemingly innocuous activities such as operating cellular phones while…. [read more]


Substance Abuse Disorder Essay

… My assessment of this study is that it is a reliable and authoritative study. A significantly large sample of programs was investigated (753) and the people who completed the surveys -- the managers of these departments -- were trustworthy. On the contrary, one may have expected them (due to their subjectivity and personal involvement) to provide more optimistic results. The fact that they did not do so points to the possibility that the situation in these programs may be worse than rated. The institution used - the Department of Veterans Affairs - was also reliable.

The study, consequently, is enormously helpful on several counts. It points out descriptors for improvement in either organization. It also informs potential patients of institutions that would be more helpful…. [read more]


Anabolic Steroids. This Drug Has an Effect Term Paper

… ¶ … anabolic steroids. This drug has an effect of the dihydrotestosterone or the testosterones on the body and is more commonly known as the "steroids" and the technical term used for them is "anabolic-androgen steroids (AAS)." The word anabolic has been derived from the Greek word "

" anabole which means "something which is thrown up" and androgenic is the word that is derived from the word

Andros which means "of a man" + -? -genes, "born" (Grace et al., 2003).

These steroids or anabolic drugs are known to have virilizing and androgenic characteristics because of which they cause the development of masculine characteristics such as: the growth of body hair, deepening of the voice and testicles (Grace et al., 2003).

The drug actions…. [read more]


Abnormal Psychology Many Women Essay

… This lingering anxiety may have an effect on the clinicians' behavior towards the patients and even other people in they are in contact with in their daily practice. This anxiety may also affect how effective these clinicians are in their work.

First the lingering anxiety affects how the clinicians relate and behave towards the patients and people around them. They tend to develop a withdrawal behavior towards other patients and other people in general. They will tend to live a sedentary lifestyle with fear of recurrent attacks by patients taking place. So they will tend to withdraw themselves and associate less with the patients and other people since they fear being attacked again. The clinicians may also turn to the use of stimulants and other…. [read more]


Legalization of Drugs Term Paper

… Legalization of Drugs

Ever since the 1960s when college students began to smoke marijuana, the issue of illegal drugs has been debated. Some people claim, for example, that marijuana -- which has no potential for addiction -- would never have been made illegal, if organized crime had not needed something illegal to "push" after prohibition was repealed. It would certainly seem that the controversy has gone on long enough and that most everything about it has already been said. If not legalized, illegal drugs should at least be de-criminalized.

In "Four Points about Drug Decriminalization," Douglas Husak points out that many people, while they are against drugs, do not want to see drug users punished or imprisoned. He is in favor of decriminalization, which he…. [read more]


Smoking Ban Tobacco Smoke Essay

… Virtually no one today outside of the tobacco industry itself denies these facts. Since the majority of people today no longer smoke, and many are bothered by the presence of second-hand smoke, businesses actually have a greater incentive than ever before to acquiesce in smoking bans. Furthermore, the threat of higher health care costs as well as lawsuits by employees and customers gives them and economic and utilitarian motivation to go along with the restrictions. In states and localities that have indoor smoking bans, they risk being fined, prosecuted and losing their business licenses if they disobey the law. Essentially, the costs of tobacco use to both business and government far outweighs the benefits -- if indeed it can be said to have any benefits…. [read more]


Alcohol Poisoning Essay

… Negative Effects of Alcohol Poisoning:

Alcohol poisoning is considered as a fatal condition that is caused by drinking excessive amounts of alcohol in a short period of time. However, this condition is also associated with other negative effects including & #8230;

Ineffective Functioning of the Body:

As previously mentioned, a person's blood alcohol concentration increases as he/she consumes more alcohol, which is absorbed into the bloodstream. The higher the blood alcohol concentration level, the more the severity of its effects on body functioning. One of the major negative effects of alcohol poisoning is ineffective functioning of the body because alcohol affects nerves that control the body's automatic functions or actions like breathing. Since alcohol depresses these nerves, more consumption will ultimately stop involuntary actions and…. [read more]


Drug Addiction, and Analyze the Novel Method Term Paper

… ¶ … drug addiction, and analyze the novel method of treating addiction, PROMETA. PROMETA is a form of treatment used today, which is targeted at the biology of addiction and addiction related diseases and disorders. What exactly is addiction, and how can one define it? Addiction, in short, can be explained as a disease that is closely associated with the biochemical changes that take place in the brain, changes that are responsible for producing the physical symptoms of an addict, that is, substance dependence, cravings, and withdrawal symptoms if the addict does not get what he craves for. PROMETA is a treatment that is designed primarily to target the adverse changes within the brain and in its chemistry, which would occur with addiction to any…. [read more]


Drug Courts: A Program Term Paper

… The first key component of a drug court system is that it integrates the drug treatment programs directly into the judicial system. The goal of the program is to cure the offender of their drug habit and get them back into society with jobs and other responsibilities (Nolan, 2001, 64). Research has shown that someone judicially forced into detoxification programs is just as likely to be successful as those who voluntarily join a program (Hubbard, R., Marsden, M., Rachal, J., Harwood, H., Cavanaugh, E., & H. Ginzburg, 1989). Thus, in the drug court system, clients obtain both treatment and justice from the same organization.

The second component of a drug court system is that it uses a "a nonadversarial approach, with prosecution and defense counsel…. [read more]


Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counseling Essay

… The professional strengths that I have acquired and have seen counselors make use of their field of practice are elaborated in the following paragraphs. Meanwhile, for professional growth it is important that professionals should analyze the limitations pertaining to the field of practice.

Strengths

When I make an analysis of the professional strengths related to the field of counseling I find that if a counselor has the ability to make effective cognitive interventions, it can be one of his or her most valued professional strength. Many accomplished counselors like Iwona (2012) believe that if you have the ability to make cognitive interventions, you will be able to modify the thoughts as well as the drug-related beliefs of the clients as well.

Being warm, non-judgmental and…. [read more]


Sexual Addiction Is a Disorder Research Paper

… These need to be identified early in the treatment process and addressed appropriately ((Kaplan & Krueger, 2010).

References

American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders-IV-text revision. Washington DC: Author.

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders-5. Washington DC: Author.

Delmonico, D.L. (2005). Editorial: Sexual addiction and compulsivity: Watching the field evolve. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 12, 1-2.

Garcia, F.D., & Thibaut, F. (2010). Sexual addictions. The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse, 36(5), 254-260.

Kafka, M.P. (2010). Hypersexual disorder: A proposed diagnosis for DSM-V. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 377 -- 400.

Kaplan, M.S. & Krueger, R.B. (2010). Diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of hypersexuality.

Journal of Sex Research, 47, 181 -- 198.

Levine, S.B. (2010). What…. [read more]


Health Risk Behaviors Drug Literature Review Chapter

… Similarly, O'Donnell and colleagues (2008) found that early alcohol use is relatively overlooked and few parents in that sample believed that their child might have had a drink. Greater15parental awareness occurred with older teenagers and in households that communicated more frequently.

Parental denial

Not only are parents unaware of their child's drinking they also seem to be in denial about their child's drinking and unwilling to accept the truth about their child's actions. Parents of teens are more than three times more likely to believe that their child's friends engage in substance use behaviors than they were to believe their own child engaged in these behaviors. Research has shown that parents are much more likely to believe that their children's peers drink and drive than…. [read more]


Pancreatitis the Pancreas Research Paper

… Patients with autoimmune or ideopathic pancreatitis will require information specific to the etiology of their disease.

When relevant, the information provided to pancreatitis patients should emphasize lifestyle choices (Andris, 2010; Braganza, Lee, McCloy, and McMahon, 2011). Patients should be made aware of the belief that reducing or eliminating fatty foods, alcohol, and tobacco help prevent relapse. Patients could also be informed of the possibility that increasing the amount of antioxidant-rich foods may provide benefits beyond replacing unhealthy foods.

Patient fears about pancreatitis should be addressed and any misconceptions dispelled as soon as possible (Braganza, Lee, McCloy, and McMahon, 2011). The importance of continuity of care should be emphasized and the risks of analgesic addiction discussed at length.

Outcome Evaluation

The primary goals of treatment are…. [read more]


Health Risk Behaviors Literature Review

… Health Risk Behaviors

Substance abuse particularly with excessive use of alcoholic beverages is considered as a form of maladaptive behavior that is exhibited by a person for a long period of time. It concerns health care officials because of numerous health risk consequences. There are significant ways that can exhibit substance abuse behaviors depending on the individual because each individual has different reasons of taking alcoholic consumption. Excessive alcohol drinking can incur higher health risk behaviors of adolescents than a normal adult, therefore, it is one of the most concerning dilemmas particularly because it involves teenagers and young adolescents. Pritcher (2008) stated that one of the most defined solutions for people that are suffering from substance abuse is by conducting psychological counseling. He explains it…. [read more]


Legalization of Medical Marijuana Term Paper

… Medical Marijuana

Legalization of Medical Marijuana

The legalization of medical marijuana has been an issue of passionate debate during recent years. Opponents fear that legalizing marijuana for medical purposes will open the door for legalization across the board, and cite that synthetic versions of the drug work as well or better. Proponents hail it as a wonder drug for a number of medical complaints, and claim that synthetic marijuana does not offer the same relief as the pure form. Based on available research, there appears no true logical reason for allowing medical marijuana to remain an illegal drug.

Archeologists in Taiwan uncovered clay pots from 8000 B.C. that were decorated with strands of hemp (Earleywine 4). Societies have been smoking, eating, making clothes, and trading…. [read more]


Chlorhexidine Gluconate Use in Ventilator Research Paper

… Reference

Abad, C., McKinley, L., & Safdar, N. (2008). Measures to Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: Which Are Efficacious? Clinical Review, 71-85.

Chan, E., Ruest, A., Meade, M., & Cook, D. (2007). Oral decontamination for prevention of pneumonia in mechanically ventilated adults: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ, 889-899.

Chastre, J., & Fagon, J.Y. (2002). Ventilator-associated pneumonia. Am J. Respir Crit Care Med, 867-903.

Elward, A.M., Warren, D.K., & Fraser, V.J. (2002). Ventilator-associated pneumonia in pediatric intensive care unit patients: risk factors and outcomes. Pediatrics, 758-764.

Evans, H.L., Warner, K., Bulger, E.M., Sharar, S.R., Maier, R.V., & Cuschieri, J. (2011). Pre-Hospital Intubation Factors and Pneumonia in Trauma Patients. Surgical Infections, 339-344.

Hutchins, K., Karras, G., Erwin, J., & Sullivan, K. (2009). Ventilator-associated pneumonia and oral care: a successful…. [read more]


HIPAA and Diseases Essay

… Passed by Congress in 1996, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) protects the privacy, security, and confidentiality of patients in the American health care system. As Biel-Cunningham (2003) points out, "There are four parts to HIPAA: portability, transaction, privacy and security." Portability prevents preexisting conditions from being impediments to receiving coverage. Transaction refers to the Department of Health and Human Services method of managing data and processing claims and payments. Central to HIPAA are the privacy provisions that protect patient confidentiality. Issues like informed consent are addressed by HIPAA. As the United States Department of Labor (n.d.) points out, HIPAA "includes protections for coverage under group health plans that limit exclusions for preexisting conditions; prohibit discrimination against employees and dependents based on their…. [read more]


Caffeine and Nicotine Research Paper

… The problem is achieving levels will require using more of these substances (which will make the codependency even worse). (Tarter, 1998, pp. 102 -- 105)

Moreover, Gold (1998) found that the impact of the addiction is so strong that substance abuse centers will often treat this condition. However, most individuals are reluctant to seek out different forms of treatment. This is because there are a number of fears associated with receiving this kind of assistance to include: (Gold, 1998, pp. 47 -- 58)

Concerns that cessation efforts would be stressful for the individual.

The belief that smoking is less than a problem in comparison with other forms of drug use.

These practices are embraced by staff inside these facilities (with some who smoke). This will…. [read more]


Adolescent Substance Use Screening Instruments Term Paper

… " (Zoccolillo et al., 1999) Thus, the AAOD student is at a clear disadvantage in terms of successfully completing a high-school diploma and moving on to a career-oriented post-secondary education.

Additionally, high school is generally also a milieu in which the adolescent learns other non-academic life skills, including mature means of relating to peers and supervisors, responsible treatment of deadlines and priorities, and the perspective-broadening value of sports and other extracurricular interests.

Absenteeism limits the opportunities for acquiring such skills, and even while attending, the AAOD student in all likelihood will not maximize the chance to participate in meaningful relationships and activities. Playing sports while drunk or stoned, or both, obviously also risks serious injury for the student and his or her teammates.

At its…. [read more]


Contingency Management Alcohol Marijuana Studies Term Paper

… Contingency Management

ALCOHOL & MARIJUANA STUDIES

The purposes of this review are to gain an understanding of the controlled studies using contingency management (CM) in the substance abuse field, and where applicable emphasize those studies that incorporate CM with community reinforcement approach (CRA). This paper should offer a critical review of the literature with an eye toward identifying important and unresolved theoretical and research questions. Logan (1972) holds that there is much evidence that animals also respond to operant contingencies with psychoactive substances.

The New York Times reports in the work entitled: "Toward a Behavioral Economic Understanding of Drug Dependence: Delay Discounting Processes" (2006) states that many times those who are addicted to alcohol or drugs do not stay clean because they either "won't go…. [read more]


Ritalin: An Unacceptable Choice While Some Researchers Research Paper

… Ritalin: An Unacceptable Choice

While some researchers believe the drug to be a safe, effective treatment for ADHD, the prescribing of the drug to an untested population, the addictive nature of the drug, the potential for abuse in young children, and the sometimes life altering side effects of the medication make Ritalin an unsafe alternative for ADHD treatment.

Proponent Argument - Safe and Effective

FDA statement of safety

Studies showing safety

Studies showing effectiveness

Opponent Response - Untested in growing population of users

Studies not done on young children

JAMA study

Limited research on children

Opponent Argument - More potent than cocaine

WHO statement of caution

DEA statement of caution

Brookhaven study

Proponent Argument - Non-addictive

Study shows drug not addictive in children with ADHD.…. [read more]


NP's Not Able to Prescribe Opiate Addition Cessation Drugs Research Paper

… However, given the apparent general preference of doctors to not prescribe the drug even if they can, that is not of much benefit in the long run (O'Connor, 2010).

The National Institute of Drug Abuse weighed in on the subject of prescribing buprenorphine and noted that drug addiction is a chronic condition on par with diabetes and cardiovascular disease. While some may scoff at the idea of drug addiction being the same as diabetes or heart issues, the parallels are quite easy to see. All three of the conditions are often (if not entirely) due to personal behavior and lifestyle choices, all three have an onset and all three are affected by the patient's ongoing behavior, choices and reactions to the condition. Indeed, a diabetic's…. [read more]


Someone Who Become Addicted With Caffeine Essay

… Caffeine Addiction Someone Who Become Addicted With Caffeine Addiction

Caffeine is the most commonly used mood-altering drug in the world and is commonly defined as a "…moderately strong stimulant which is found in coffee, tea, chocolate, some soft drinks, and some medications" (Addicted to caffeine). It affects the nervous system and causes an increase of insulin and adrenalin in the body. Other affects of this drug are a decrease in appetite and fine motor functions but an increase in levels of alertness (Addicted to caffeine). While it is not considered to be especially dangerous it can lead to various side-effects and withdrawal symptoms, such as increased anxiety, as well as addiction that can have negative health and social consequences.

The extent of the usage of…. [read more]


Convince a Friend to Quit Smoking Essay

… Advice - Smoking Cessation

ADVICE to QUIT SMOKING

Smoking is one of the worst possible habits that a person can develop. It is responsible for more serious illness and is the number one cause of preventable death in the modern world. In the United States, smoking is thought to cost the country as much as $100 billion annually in healthcare and work productivity lost. Smoking-related fatalities exceed the number of deaths attributable to all diseases, traffic accidents (including drunk driving), and all forms of crime (including both violent crime and all drug abuse), combined (Brody 2008).

In addition to serious medical illness, smoking has also been directly implicated in premature aging of the skin and it is fast becoming outlawed in so many areas of…. [read more]


Heroin Is a Powerful Term Paper

… Tolerance to heroin also develops rapidly; hence an addict needs larger doses of the drug for getting the same level of euphoria after some time. It is for this reason that some addicts voluntarily go through the symptoms of withdrawal to bring their tolerance down in order to enjoy the "high" again.

Psychological addiction to heroin means that a user becomes completely dependant on the drug and his behavior is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use. Heroin abusers spend more and more time and energy obtaining and using the drug and gradually their minds become so immersed in the addiction that they can no longer tell right from wrong. In the end, a heroin addict's primary aim in life becomes seeking and using drugs.…. [read more]


Medical Marijuana as More States Begin Allowing Research Paper

… Medical Marijuana

As more states begin allowing the use of marijuana for medical purposes, many have begun to question the medical benefits of this drug. The federal government still considers marijuana a Schedule I substance, which allows the federal government to prosecute users of marijuana even in states where it is permitted for medical purposes. Opponents of legalizing marijuana cite concerns that it is addictive and may lead to other drug use. However, many medical organizations have publicly supported the medical use of marijuana. This paper will examine the debate about the medical use of marijuana including the medical benefits, risks, and recommendations from medical agencies.

The use of marijuana for medical purposes is not a new phenomenon. According to Gillman marijuana, which is known…. [read more]

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