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American Indian Movement the Poorest Research Paper

… One example is the effort of the tribes to bring back the Northern Bison in the buffalo nation, and the Native Americans are taking steps to bring back the bison. Thus there is a great enthusiasm in the Indian country for bison restoration, and historically this was an effort seen during the 1870s or 1880s when the tribes saved the bison to 1970s, to 1990s when steps were taken to restore them on reservations.

Another example of recognition that the Indian community received is seen in the episodes of recognition that have been reported. In the Choctaw Nation Tribal Council in 1992, tribal councilman Charley Jones who went to France to represent the Choctaw Nation says that the French government "wished to renew their friendship."…. [read more]


American History Assessment the United States Assessment

… American History Assessment

The United States was reluctant to enter World War II. What term have historians used to describe the American position?

Separatism

Isolationism

Federalism

Neutrality

In his War Message of April 1917, President Woodrow Wilson said, "The world must be made safe for democracy...." To what was he referring?

The right for countries to engage in battle

The fight for international peace and justice

The privilege of people to choose their government

The liberation of prisoners of war

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was significant for which reasons?

had to fight the war on two fronts

The attack caused the U.S. To enter the war

The Pacific fleet was seriously damaged

All of the above

e. A and b

f. b and…. [read more]


American Experience Term Paper

… American Experience

Americans pride themselves on their nation, its achievements and its fundamental philosophy of government. Yet what is commonly thought of as the "greatest nation in the world" has frequently, systematically, and continually failed large segments of its society. The Declaration of Independence outlined lofty goals of "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness," and yet those ideals did not apply to one-half of the entire population: women; nor did the ideals apply to African-Americans. In fact, African-Americans were legally defined as three-fifths of a human being in the United States Constitution: a literal fraction of a person. Thus, embedded within the American legal and political system were safeguards to protect the rights of an elite few over the rights of others; to promote…. [read more]


Enlightenment on American Culture and Political Life Essay

… ¶ … Enlightenment on American Culture and Political Life

The impact that the Enlightenment had on American culture is significant. In fact the American society that "evolved and is dominant today -- including the democratic ideals, capitalism and the scientific method -- all "derive from the Enlightenment ideals formulated in England" (Jandt, 2007, p. 184). The emphasis that Americans have on individual liberties and the dominant language in America and the structure of law were the result of the Enlightenment, Jandt explained (184). The author asserts that values related to democracy -- including separation of powers (executive, legislative and judicial) -- derived from the French philosopher Montesquieu, prominent in the French Enlightenment.

Professor Robert Morse Crunden -- with the University of Texas -- explained that…. [read more]


American History Final Exam Stages Term Paper

… Turner lived at a time before a large middle class existed or the U.S. had become a consumer society, so he naturally thought of pioneers as farmers and ranchers who moved the agricultural frontier to the West. In his era, even though the country was rapidly industrializing, the majority of people still lived on farms and in small towns. For this reason and was always the main goal of Manifest Destiny, while industrial capitalism required a different type of imperialism that acquired markets and raw materials overseas rather than colonies. Eastern capitalists since the time of Alexander Hamilton and the early Federalists and Whigs had always had a very limited interest in expanding the agrarian frontier, and even less in the expansion of slavery. They…. [read more]


American Revolution -1783): The Birth Term Paper

… This new set of laws concerns limitations and imposition of taxes that closed the Boston sea trade and placed limited freedom (the right to exercise a colony's political, social, and economic freedom) on specific British colonies (Dolan, 1995:18-27).

Due to this unfair and corrupt nature of these sets of laws, Americans decided to protest, and when met with violence by the British militia, eventually led to the declaration of the American Revolution. In this conflict, Americans sought to free themselves to British rule, and to develop America as a new nation with a new society, the American people. The success of the Americans in the American Revolution had led to various effects, which are beneficial and at the same time, detrimental to the growth of…. [read more]


American Revolution Impact on Colonial Society Research Paper

… American Revolution had far ranging effects not only in Colonial America but also throughout the rest of 18th Century society. These effects started slowly but eventually transcended nearly every aspect of life in America and spread to Europe.



The changes that occurred subsequent to the American Revolution began long before the actual conflict. Great Britain had established a fairly loose approach in regard to the day-to-day management of the American colonies and, as a result, the American colonists enjoyed far more liberties than most people throughout the world and their taxes were the lowest of any of Great Britain's other colonial holdings. Against, this background, however, protest and, eventually, revolution was fostered.



In the process that gradually progressed into…. [read more]


American Revolution the Colonial Forces Term Paper

… American Revolution

The Colonial forces were a rag-tag army combined with state militias, yet they were able to defeat the British armed forces, who were much better trained. However, the rebels were much more acquainted with the territory and also had the advantage of numbers, with most of the population in support as the colonists threw out the British officials and set up their own governments and controlling forces. The British were militarily superior, but this held them in good stead only on the seas, where they could use their superior naval capacity to capture and occupy coastal cities. Most of the population lived in the countryside further inland, and the British never managed to gain much ground in this area. Also, the British fought…. [read more]


American Revolution in the Mid Term Paper

… American Revolution

In the mid- to the late eighteenth century, there was growing discontent among the thirteen colonies in the Americas. The seeds of protest were laid, as the colonies questioned the wisdom of remaining under British rule. The fledgling country soon came together in a rebellion, one that would culminate in the American Revolutionary War and the creation of a new country.

The American Revolutionary movement, however, was far from a spontaneous uprising that culminated in the 1776 revolution. Rather, the revolution was paved by a variety of events and conditions. This paper looks at three of the biggest contributory factors, namely, the Seven-Year's War, the thriving economy of colonies, and the injustices of British rule, as manifested in policies such as the tax…. [read more]


American Revolution, Written in 2002 Term Paper

… After only reading a couple of hours, one gains a very sound overview of the time. One can actually forget that this is a text book.

When something is written so concisely, however, sometimes some information is covered too lightly or not at all. If one did not know better, he/she would think that almost everyone involved in this war from the colonies were in agreement. Wood does offer detail on the number, or 20% of white Americans, who were loyalists. About 20,000 fought for the crown in regiments of the King's army and thousands others served in local loyalist militia.

However, it is possible to see where the critics were headed when they said that the Revolution had not done all that was expected.…. [read more]


American Revolution Book Review

… " Wood's first describes what led up to the Declaration of Independence in 1776, such as the increasing estrangement between the British and the independent colonists. John Adams explained that "the Revolution was affected before the war commenced." It was a change "in the minds and hearts of the people." The power of British authority was weakened by the settlers' decentralization. Although most of them once lived on the coast, they began moving further into the central areas of the country. At the same time, prices soared for exports of colonist agriculture and manufactured products. Despite its short shelf life, the Stamp Act's taxation in 1765 soured the relationship and the Tea Act made a bad situation even worse.

Wood may say that he did…. [read more]


Native Americans Transition From Freedom Essay

… Imperialism and Global Expansion:

The struggle to overcome isolation by Native Americans began with the economic prosperity that the country experienced. Native Americans struggled to overcome isolation because their perspective on the world was different from the views of European societies. Their struggle from isolation was also coupled with other people's belief that the United States could promote the cause of freedom and democracy only by war. With such perspectives, overcoming isolation was difficult for Native Americans though they overcame isolation through imperialism and global expansion through economic forces.

Changes to the Native American Themes:

The themes that the Native Americans used in their struggle to overcome isolation later changed mainly as a result of development of railroads in the western part of the United…. [read more]


American Colonies the Puritans Who Arrived Essay

… ¶ … American Colonies

The Puritans who arrived in America in 1630 were on a mission to build a -city upon a hill- as an example of what could be done in a society committed to Gods laws. In the first century of settlement, however, the challenges that they encountered compromised aspects of their mission. Discuss these challenges and the Puritans' response to them.

Some of the first settlers who arrived in America in 1630 were Puritans, determined to make their new settlement "a city on a hill" as a symbol of how successful a society could be if it were committed to God's laws. However, the challenges they faced upon their arrival in the New World compromised aspects of this mission, and the Puritans…. [read more]


American National Character Term Paper

… " (Hacker 4). Americans enjoy the highest standard of living in the world -- we are rich. Such an achievement came about through the competitive attitude Americans have towards each other and towards the rest of the world. As a result, not only the achievement is cherished in the United States, but also, the means by which it was achieved.

Patriotism perfectly exemplifies this mentality. Rarely do you hear a politician deliver a speech today in which he does not call America "the greatest nation in the world." If the president, for example, were to say something to the contrary he would likely be booed off the stage, regardless of his reasons. It becomes apparent that, "America is therefore a free country, in which, lest…. [read more]


Social Psychology and Biases Research Paper

… Awareness of norms -- the more aware someone is of the prevailing norm, the more likely one is to conform. Presence of an ally -- Asch (1951) found that even the presence of just one confederate that goes against the majority choice can reduce conformity as much as 80%. Age differences- there is some evidence that age may play a factor. For example, during adolescence there is an increased tendency to "conform" to peers. Gender differences- there is some indication that there are some gender differences but the findings are not clearly established yet. Cultural influences- many instances of cultural influences leading to differences in conformity" (Southerly, Date Unknown).

Southerly described the factors effecting obedience as follows: "Authority figure- the prestige of the authority figure…. [read more]


American Civil War/Sioux Indians Cowboys Term Paper

… They, wisely, feared the worst. Yet, despite their refusal to sign the treaty, Red Cloud went to Washington "wearing a big top hat" and shook hands with Grant, ratifying the treaty into law.

As this was happening, and important ties between tribes were being circumvented for relationship and power transfers with the insurgent governance from Washington, Michael Blake ignored the growing tension in his screenplay, whose struggle to present an accurate picture in three hours meant a necessary temporal departure from correctness.

"There were some very poetic and nature-loving Indians all over the place," Seals postured, "and the beautiful white babe who had been captured as a pioneer child, her whole family butchered by them sneaky Pawnees, but nowhere were there ay of the complex…. [read more]


American Ethnic Literature Analyzing Essay

… Iranian American writers, for example, "grapple with exile [and] 'depict cultural identity as caught between abstract theories of boundary-free identity, the politics and problematics of representation, and the painful realities of exile, authoritarianism, and social marginalization" (Karim, Rahimieh, 2008, p. 10). In the modern American landscape, in other words, melting pot standards are resisted -- but definite and clear ethnic identity is difficult to manifest (especially when the landscape is hostile to what it perceives as a foreign threat). Liberty, opportunity, and equality are therefore not truly experienced by the Ethnic American writer unless he adapts to what the WASP lays out as conditions for joining the club.

In conclusion, the Ethnic American writer is in a way an outsider to the American tradition but…. [read more]


Native Americans Essay

… The Trail of Tears refers to the path that the Cherokee were forced to take after leaving their land and heading to Oklahoma in the brutal winters of 1838 and 1839 (2010). It is reported that about 5,000 Cherokee Indians lost their lives out the approximately 18,000 that were forced to go on this trip that was over 800 miles long (2010).

Marriage between Cherokee and Europeans were common in the 19th century; however, a well-know figure in Cherokee history is a man named Sequoyah who was of French-Cherokee heritage who came a generation before it intermarriage was common between white and Indian individuals (Waddington 2006). He is the only person who ever came up with a writing system for any indigenous North American language…. [read more]


Native Americans Dakota and Lakota Essay

… The Native Indians also further declined with the arrival of the Europeans. Diseases took the best of every village including pneumonia, cholera, smallpox, and measles. The Indians had no built-in immunity to help them fight these diseases and so they either severely suffered from malnutrition or even died. This also forced them to leave their native villages, farming lands and their traditional hunting (Sutton, 2009).

Early historians, explorers, and colonialists considered the Native Americans as godless heathens and barbarians. Evidently, many the missionaries tried their best to convert the religion of the Natives, which they considered it as their divine obligation to save the savaged souls. In many cases, the Native Americans had involved themselves in trade with the English in terms of food supply…. [read more]


Native Americans: Separate and Unequal Term Paper

… 3). In a manner that mirrors the attitude of the Quechans, the Cherokee also sought federal protection, but wanted to maintain their sovereignty. In other words, Native Americans were trying to negotiate a place within the expanding European society in North America, but without sacrificing their values, beliefs, and sovereignty. The colonial powers, whether British, Spanish, French, or U.S., responded sometimes brutally by segregating them physically and culturally.

An essential component of the colonial response was to establish boarding schools through the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) (Oliver, 1996, p. 10-13). The goal was to indoctrinate Native American children in Christian values, the English language, property ownership, and the American work ethic, while stripping them of their native culture and language. Twenty-five boarding schools were…. [read more]


American Revolution, Production of Staple Products Grew Term Paper

… ¶ … American Revolution, production of staple products grew, economic risks decreased, transportation improved and individual merchants and small companies experienced reduced costs through improvement of economies of scale (McCusker & Menard, 22). Contrary to the Colonial Period, with the increasing demand for U.S. agricultural products, American farmers and merchants were no longer in debt to the British traders. Further, growing demand, in part due to Anglo-French wars, led in increased production of American products. As a result, across the country, there was an impetus by the settlers and recent arrivals to take advantage of the economic opportunities in this newly established nation. Depending on the geographical location, this economic push had a different historical impact. The books the Whiskey Rebellion, the Long, Bitter Trail…. [read more]


In Hellfire Nation ) James Article Critique

… Indeed, the same pattern is repeating itself right at this moment, with Barack Obama having passed certain reforms, and the political and cultural Right attempting to block these and turn back the clock on many issues. This has been a familiar pattern in American history for two hundred years or longer.

Michael Rogin's Ronald Reagan, the Movie (1987) actually covered much broader ground than simply that particular president and his faulty memories and political fantasies based on his career in Hollywood. His chapter on westward expansion and Indian removal in the early republic and antebellum period (1790-1860) contains a great deal of information that is well-known to historians. Nothing is easier than finding quotes from George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Andrew Jackson and many other white…. [read more]


American History Your Highnesses Term Paper

… " (Turner 114). Jefferson's brand of Democracy was in many ways a revolt against the former ways imposed by the British.

As Americans gradually expanded west they routinely came into conflict with native tribes. "In 1824 President James Monroe wrote congress concerning the notion that all Indians should be 'removed' to the areas west of the Mississippi River." (Brinkley 154). By 1838 the evacuation order was given and federal soldiers were sent in to forcibly remove twenty-thousand Cherokee Indians, among others, from Georgian lands all the way to Oklahoma. The path came to be known as "the trail of tears," for almost a quarter of the Cherokee that set-out died along the way from disease, exhaustion, or even starvation. The former Cherokee lands of Northwest…. [read more]


Revolutionary the American Term Paper

… The Proclamation Act in 1763 was issued due to the Pontiac's rebellion whereby the Indian conflicts with the settler's took place in the Ohio Valley and Great Lakes region. This issue is important for us to discuss at this point because this Act prohibited settlements in the area beyond the Appalachian Mountains, just creating unnecessary problems. The London Government had no intentions of suppressing the colonials, their aim was to work out the Indian problems fairly and prevent an uprising similar to the uprising of the Pontiac's. Still the Americans were aggravated and disappointed because to them, the land was their birthright. This disapproval led to horrid wars. The colonists disapproved the Proclamation Act of 1763. Later In 1765, in North Carolina, the American Pioneers…. [read more]


American Dream Metaphor Stands as a Symbol Research Proposal

… ¶ … American Dream metaphor stands as a symbol of the U.S. And of it being the land of freedom in which almost anyone can fulfill their fantasies. Subsequent to the war of independence, people everywhere became fascinated with the concept of a colony defeating one of the greatest empires in the world and then attaining freedom into a territory full of riches. As a result, masses of people wanting to live the American Dream began to flow into the newly formed country. Over the years numerous plays, movies, and books have been made on the topic.

James Truslow Adams is the father of the "American Dream" term as he first used in his 1931 book "The Epic of America." In his opinion, the American…. [read more]


Social Impact of Cold War Essay

… Innocent civilians are often at extreme risk in the battles for gathering information or in the battles run by remote. In an interesting way, it might also be seen that this kind of distance campaign strategy is like the way some see the U.S. As contributing to the near collapse of the world economy. The U.S.'s lax financial rules and regulations pulled in other countries and set them up for many of the challenges they now face -- many of which are bringing about social and cultural unrest. It clearly would not be difficult for terrorists or even other nations to see this as an extension of the type of attitude that America picked up when it did its victory dance after the melting of…. [read more]


America's Intolerant History Essay

… Intolerance

American history is unfortunately a history of intolerance. As Reid, Toth, Crew & Burton (2008) point out, "ironically, the American Revolution may have established a culture and destiny of intolerance in the United States by providing a model for the use of violence to support any cause that seems honorable," (p. 7). Intolerance stems from a belief in White Anglo Saxon Protestant (WASP) superiority to all other social and ethnic groups from African-Americans to Jews to Native Americans and Latinos. Because WASPs have enjoyed political hegemony in the United States since colonial times, they have wielded this power to maintain economic and social status in order to subjugate others.

Intolerance started before the United States was a nation, before the war of Independence. The…. [read more]


Social Change for American Indian Societies Term Paper

… NATIVE AMERICAN WORLDVIEW is grounded in historical and cultural changes and traditions. There may not only single way of looking at the world among surviving indigenous populations in the Americas but there are some common characteristics that shape the broader worldview. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Native Americans had had to experience political discrimination including an forceful assimilation policy that often used military power, forced relocation, repression, social and cultural regulation process and ban on use of some cultural ceremonies. Rick Hill (1988) writes about this prejudice:

There was also an assumption that Indians would be better off not being Indians, so that all 'pagan' trappings should be removed to liberate the Indian people from their inferior culture. The religion of the Indian people…. [read more]


American Indigenous People's Survival Research Paper

… ¶ … Native American Genocide

The topic of this paper is Native Americans and their treatment by Westernized society within the boundaries of the United States. From a historical perspective, Native Americans have always endured resistance and marginalization once Europeans came to North America. In the U.S., Native Americans have endured many types of biological, chemical and conventional warfare, which has left these peoples on the brink of extinction. A significant amount of insight, then, is discerned from elucidating some of the key historical events of these people from 1830 to the present time. Specifically, events such as the landmark decision in the Supreme Court case of Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, the Trail of tears, the American Indian Movement, and the 20th century Wounded Knee…. [read more]


American Indian History 1895-1995 Reaction Paper

… Native Americans, New Voices: American Indian History, 1895-1995," David Edmunds discusses the fact that Native Americans were largely ignored in scholastic approaches to American history throughout the late 19th and early 20th century, but that this focus changed in the 1960s when the Civil Rights movement encouraged awareness of Native American history. He focuses on several different aspects of the historical portrayal of Native Americans to come to this conclusion. First, he highlights how Native Americans were portrayed in popular media as a group that had been defeated and gives examples of these portrayals. Second, he discusses the fact that Native Americans were largely ignored in historical scholarship, focusing on the fact that Native Americans were largely ignored or marginalized in the American Historical Review…. [read more]

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