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Song Dynasty Refers to Period Research Paper

… The Dynasty had the goal of changing life style of the people, bringing economic revolution and using technology for the betterment for people. It was the target oriented approach while led the emperors individually focus on industries and devise plans for advancement of all of them. In the Song Dynasty, the technology was introduced in handicrafts industry which not only promoted the Chinese culture but also gave the people involved in this industry, a new idea to establish their business upon. Furthermore, the introduction of paper currency helped paper ease transactions. Consequently, the trade activities were multiplied and there was the high trend of entrepreneurship and adaption of technology.

The Tang Dynasty ruled much larger area as compared to the Song Dynasty. Song Dynasty took…. [read more]


Song of Roland or La Chanson Term Paper

… ¶ … Song of Roland or La Chanson de Roland, whose author is unknown, is the greatest, oldest and a very popular medieval epic poem in French, believed to have been written between 1098 and 1100. It relates and presents events that supposedly happened several centuries earlier and during the reign of the Christian emperor Charlemagne (Crosland 1999) as a narrative that omits and ignores historical records. This study will investigate and analyze the epic as a literary work and as a propaganda material. It will explore its historical authenticity as well as establish its literary worth. Previous studies found that the first extant version was rewritten to inspire a holy war against the Muslims of Spain and that this finding is replicated today in…. [read more]


Sufism and Politics Research Proposal

… ¶ … interconnection between Sufism and political rulers during the period ranging from the Almoravid dynasty (year 1040) until the colonial period (1912-1956). To this end, this paper provides a review of the peer-reviewed and scholarly literature to develop an analysis concerning how Sufism became politicized in Morocco and an examination of the activist or rebellious Sufism who railed against the political state as well as acquiescent Sufists who cooperated and were used by the state. In addition, a discussion concerning the causes that lead Sufism to be co-opted by the state and how it was accomplished, and those that pushed the Sufis to be oppose the state is provided, together with an assessment of how these events transpired. A discussion concerning several specific Sufi…. [read more]


Olmec Although Scientists Found Artifacts Term Paper

… Aurelian later successfully reunited the three regions into one.

"The 50 years between the death of Severus Alexander and the accession of Diocletian (235-284) witnessed the near collapse of the whole Roman way of life, from the government and military structure to the economy and the thought system that had characterized the ancient world until then." (Timothy E. Gregory, page 23) During this time no emperor had a long leadership, due to the civil rebellions. In the North and East the frontiers were invaded by the enemies of Rome. "The economy collapsed, inflation drove prices up, and the coinage became virtually worthless." (Ibidem) Also, there was a cultural crisis which contained major changes in the literature, religion and art.

This period is also called "Military…. [read more]


Shape and to Create Essay

… William the Conquerer was a rule who made it clear that he was to be treated as one more powerful and more popular than the pope, and that even the pope's envoys needed to enter England with the permission of William and that same permission was needed in order for members of the papal group to publish.

While these moves might appear incredibly controlling, William was one of the people who was able to push England into being an ideal European nation, a nation that was simply better organized and more powerful. And part of these achievements were connected to the fact that he took power away from the papacy and some of their more archaic tendencies for ruling and controlling -- old fashioned regimes…. [read more]


Chinese History 1100-1500 the Yuan Research Paper

… The chief difference is that Rashid, at work in Ecbatana in the western part of present-day Iran, was living under Mongol rule. Polo was close to the ruling Mongols of the Yuan dynasty, and worked for them, but he was not really their subject. Whereas Rashid would live under Mongol rule, in a time when the relations between the ruling Mongols and their subjects were often made tense by religious conflict. Muslims, referred to in Chinese documents of the time only as "Hui-hui," seemingly a derogative for "Uighur," were regarded as peculiar for their dietary customs; Leslie quotes as a primary source the Khan's official court account, the Yuan shih, for the year 1280: "The Hui-hui who pass by and are offered food will not…. [read more]


Living in the Middle Ages Term Paper

… Among the cathedrals that exemplify this art of building, include those at Chartres and Amiens.

Music

In the music sector, the art continued to evolve during these middle ages. Living in these ages, I would be happiest to experience the developing trends and upcoming groups in the industry music are an industry that existed before the middle era. However, these ages marked the beginning of revolutionary music artists with immense talents in songwriting and actual singing. Living in this middle age, the greatest invention of interest would be the invention of the music staff, the lines and spaces in which the notes are written. This happened by the efforts of an Italian Benedictine monk, Guido of Arezzo (995-1050 AD). He informed the naming of these…. [read more]


Art History Comparative Analysis Annotated Bibliography

… Art History Comparative Analysis

Buddhist Sculpture of the Song Dynasty

The Song Dynasty (also known as the Sung Dynasty) in China is known to have produced artwork across a multitude of media. While most often, the pottery and painting are most exalted, sculpture was also produced during this period that spanned the late tenth century to the early twelfth century CE. Among the sculptures produced during the Song Dynasty are a number of boddhisattvas, two of which are under discussion herein. Throughout this period, artistic style varied greatly, even within this subset of sculptures. The two works presented are Seated Boddhisattva Avalokitesvara (Guanyin) (hereafter referred to as Seated) and Boddhisattva Guanyin (Kuan-yin) (hereafter referred to as Kuan-yin. Careful formal analysis, paired with literature on the…. [read more]


Ancient Chinese Bronzes the Existence Term Paper

… It was primarily used for agriculture, as war weapons and then as special eating and drinking containers or vessels during ancestral worship and state rituals (Sano). It was believed that only the king, the royal family and the aristocracy owned these vessels of sacrifice. The early Bronze Age was a highly stratified slave society, ruled by a powerful king, surrounded and supported by his nobles. Under the Shang religion, which flourished between the 1600 and 1100 BC, the king derived his power from his divine ancestors. The natives believed that these deities could control events and bring them good or bad luck, so that they offered food and drink to these gods or divine ancestors at their ancestral shrines to placate or win their favor…. [read more]


Chinese Wives the Treatment of Women Term Paper

… Chinese Wives

The treatment of women in China has long been a subject of debate. The strict traditional views have restricted the rights and privileges of Chinese women form many years. For the purposes of this discussion, we will focus on the role of the ideal wife as it relates to the late Qing Dynasty and the Revolutionary period. The paper will investigate how the idea of the ideal wife changed during these periods. Let us begin our discussion with a historic overview of the role of woman and marriage during much of the Qing Dynasty.

Historic Overview

Indeed, under the Qing dynasty marriage was expected of all young men and women. The point at which marriage was seen as necessary was during the teenage…. [read more]


Imhotep Overview/Biography Term Paper

… For Imhotep to be able to conceive of some of the mathematical proportions of the pyramids, the relationships between structures, and even the mathematical ratios that existed between angles and parts of building was seen as a mystical gift from the Gods. In the Manethon Texts, for instance, written about 2400 years after Imhotep's death, the authors ponder the manner in which Imhotep seemed to be a magician of the stone -- to know how to carve, trim, and shape, as well as build massive structures that took years and thousands was indeed mystical. And, to be fair, we are not yet sure how this was done using the building technology of the time period (Davidovits, 135-7).

The second issue when dealing with Imhotep's mysticism,…. [read more]


Women in Afghanistan and China Research Paper

… ¶ … rhythm and blues artist James Brown, "This is a man's world (Newsome)." In his song, It's a Man's, Man's Man's World, Brown goes on to list things that the male gender has created and contributed to society, such as the train, boats, and the car; all to ease the heavy load of life. Following these chauvinistic statements is the hard-hitting line that gives the song a chance at redemption. It would mean nothing, nothing without a woman or a girl. Throughout history, and even biblically, women have commonly existed in tandem to men, having to follow and hardly being given the chance to lead.

Walking into this class I could have never have anticipated what I was to learn this past semester. Growing…. [read more]


Art in Non-Western Societies Ritual Object From the Iroquois Tribe Term Paper

… Art in Non-Western Society

The art object under review is an Iroquois ritual object; a turtle rattle, ca 1890,

Material used; turtle shell, wood, sinew, stone

Location; Northeast U.S., West of the Great Lakes, South of Virgina (today), Northeast coast of Canada and U.S.

Brief description:

The large turtle rattle, or 'snapping- turtle rattle' is composed of the complete shell and skin of a snapping- turtle, 12-14 inches long, with head and neck stretched and held by stick splints to form a handle. It is commonly used for ritual and ceremonial purposes in rituals such as the Great Feather Dance and in the performances of the Wooden False Face Society, "whose members also carry them attached by a string to their wrists. Smaller rattles are…. [read more]


China Under Communism, Confucian Values Essay

… Some examples of the way that women in China were marginalized include the fact that when we are children, women are expected to be completely obedient to their fathers. After we are married, we are of course to be subservient to our husbands. Even when we are widowed we are not allowed to behave of our own accord. After our husbands die, the women have to go move in with our oldest son, or son-in-law if we had none. In the son's household, we would have to be obedient to our own child. Women are powerless. Of course, this was all after her duty to the Chinese government was over. "A good female comrade was supposed to devote all her energy, her youth, to the…. [read more]


Hernan Cortez With the Discovery Thesis

… Hernan Cortez

With the discovery of the American continent and its riches, the Europeans were determined to take advantage of the new land. Hernan Cortez, a troubled Spanish in search of glory, had been the first to break the peaceful relationship between the Europeans and the American continent. One of the first major clashes between the two had turned out as a result of the divergences between the Aztecs and the Spanish conquerors.

People have been trying to gain as much land and riches as they possibly could ever since the early ages. This act has triggered the process of globalization because of the frequent interaction between nations that man has made with time. After the great conquests done by the early empires the world…. [read more]


Southeast Asian Bamboo Flutes Dissertation

Traditional Southeast Asian Bamboo Flutes: Studies on Origins and History


The study investigates the bamboo flutes found in Southeast Asia, as well as their history and origin. The earliest known extant bamboo flute, a chi, or ancient Chinese flute, from the Zhou Dynasty, discovered in the tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng, dates from 433 BC. Southeast Asian bamboo flutes, diverse in shape and size, vary in the way musicians play them. During the ethnography, a qualitative study, the researcher utilizes an extensive literature review to explore the development of bamboo flutes in SEA and examines the link between these instruments and music, as well as traditions from and beyond Asia.



As the study focuses on the flutes from three main areas: Mainland…. [read more]


Buddhism in China Essay

… Buddhism as a religion occupies a very central place in the very history of the Chinese society and thought.As a system, Buddhism had attracted some of the greatest minds between the Song and Han (2nd and 3rd centuries) periods (Lai 7).Buddhism is arguably the most influential religion in China .It is worth noting that at Buddhism was never an indigenous religion in the region. In this paper, we present an analysis of the history of Buddhism in China and its influence on the Chinese culture. We focus on how political, cultural and social forces shaped Buddhism in China.

Buddhism in China

As noted earlier, Buddhism was never an indigenous religion in the Chinese society. Buddhism was founded by Gautama in India in the 6th century…. [read more]


Relationship of Music and Culture Term Paper

… Author Asai notes, "The taiko is a cylindrical drum with two drumheads. Each drumhead has a wide rim with up to twelve holes, through which ropes (himo) are strung. D? is the term for the drum body and wa or mimi refers to the rim" (Asai, 1999, p. 120). The drums are played with drumsticks called bachi, which are often the same basic size as the circumference of the drum. The players maintain the drums, and many of them are extremely hold. To play, they tighten the drumheads, and loosen them when they are done playing. The drums are traditionally played with the drummer on his knees, and the drummers often learn the n-mai as part of their training (Asai, 1999, p. 121).

Tebiragane --…. [read more]


China: Facts About a Future Superpower Essay

… During this period, the capital of China became Beijing, previously it was Nanjing. The Ming Dynasty ended in 1644, when Li Zicheng led a revolt against the Ming and established the Shun Dynasty, which was short lived when the Machu Qing Dynasty overthrew the Shun. The Qing was the last imperial dynasty in China's history, ending in 1912. The 19th century saw the slow decline of the Qing Dynasty (Keay, 2009). They lost two opium wars against the British Empire. China was made to sign unfair treaties, pay reparations, allow special privileges for foreigners, and give Hong Kong to the British. In 1895, at end of the Sino-Japanese War, China loss influence in Korea and gave Taiwan to the Japanese (Keay, 2009). The Qing dynasty…. [read more]


Origin of Ancient Nepal Neolithic Term Paper

… In the mid-7th century contact with China was initiated as the two countries exchanged missions. The Malla dynasty ruled Nepal between the 10th and 18th century. Yaksa Malla (reigned c.1429-82) divided the kingdom into three independent principalities, which by the 16th century were ruled by independent dynasties.

In 1769 the Gurkhas, led by Prithvi Narayan Shah, conquered the Nepal Valley. He moved the capital to Kathmandu, providing the foundation for modern Nepal.

From 1775 to 1951 Nepali politics were characterized by conflict between the royal family and several noble families. Often the Shah rulers were relegated to honorary positions, while the political power was concentrated within a dominant noble family.

ORAL PRESENTATION

One can probably say that Nepal is as old as the Himalayas, when…. [read more]


Plays of British Dramatist, Pam Gems Dissertation

… Edith once engages two marines she meets in a pub in a menage a trois; it is possible, that the bartender formed the fourth of this group. There is no indication that Edith is particularly gifted in the art of making love. She just makes her self available as a willing sexual partner. Except with Marcel Cedran, the married boxer, Edith manages to dissociate physical pleasure from any emotional foundations. With Marcel, Edith is truly in love. But this union is not to be. Anecdotes abound, that Edith's jealous sister informs Marcel's wife of her husband's "philandering." Edith's sexual proclivities and escapades are not a manifestation of her femaleness. Her sexual nature transcends gender. It is a flaw in most superstars. In Edith's case, particularly,…. [read more]


Skimmington Riots Term Paper

… ¶ … Music & Skimmington Riots

An Analysis of the Skimmington and Rough Music Riots in England and Colonial North America

The winds of revolution were already in the air and there was still clear evidence in the late 18th and early 19th century that when enough people believe they are being treated unfairly, they will react with a vengeance to set things right. Indeed, this is just what happened during the Skimmington Riots and the so-called rough music accompaniments that took place in England and Colonial North America, which events were largely crowd phenomena that were highly influenced by the tradition of charivaris in France in the late Middle Ages (Mccullagh 1998:194). To determine precisely what happened during these social conflict events and why,…. [read more]


Hemp, CBD, THC, and Cannabis Research Paper

… 210). The medical uses of cannabis were recorded in 80 AD in the Dioscorides Materia Medica, which was the standard book of plants that had healing or medicinal qualities and was for more than a millennium and a half.

Colonial Americans smoked cannabis for its medicinal purposes (pain relief) and it was common practice to make hemp tea or to smoke hemp. Hemp fell out of favor in the U.S. after the Civil War when the Industrial Revolution introduced new methods of making products out of petroleum (Deitch, 2003). The natural uses of hemp were suppressed in order to allow for new industries to produce and sell their products. Still, numerous early U.S. presidents were hemp smokers for its calming and pain-killing qualities—they included…. [read more]


Fashion in Relation to Commodity Essay

… Later Yohji Yamamoto and Rei Kawakubo, designers from Japan, in their endeavors to counter aesthetic standards of body proportions as well as the norm of beauty, they came up with the process of tailoring in clothes. Therefore the manner in which the garment constructed, and the way it took shape, changed to be the most important as compared to the color of the item.

Fashion Designers

Yamamoto and Kawakubo were among those who made utmost innovations in fashion, after they presented provocative and imaginative styles that differed totally with the figure-fitted clothes of 1980s. The designers came up with layers that were oversized and asymmetrical that camouflaged the body. There was addition of slashes and tears, together with fabric which had raw edges, distresses, and…. [read more]


Terminology Used in Film and Television Production Research Proposal

… FILM & TV Terminology

TERMINOLOGY USED in FILM & TELEVISION

Film is more than the twentieth-century art.

Don Delillo (b. 1926).

Visual storytelling, whether in film or in television (TV), some argue, constitutes the hardest of all the art forms. "In the making of a movie, between the idea and the finished print so much can go wrong and often does."

Knowing the right techniques, however, as well as, the correct terminology, the researcher asserts, enhances the opportunities for a filmmaker or TV producer to more effectively produce a film/TV program. Consequently, this thesis purports:

As the terminology used in film and television production illustrates the specific lingo professionals utilize in the business, the use of this terminology may contribute to the success of the…. [read more]


History Medical Studies Have Concluded Term Paper

… religioustolerance.org/god_devel.htm).

"Each religion hold very diverse beliefs about their God. They generally regard their own beliefs about their God to be accurate, and the beliefs of other religions to be partly or completely false (HOW THE CONCEPTS OF GOD DEVELOPED OVER THE AGEShttp://www.religioustolerance.org/god_devel.htm)."

One of the most interesting aspects of comparing the Jewish faith and the Christian faith and their belief in and following of God is that they believe they are following the same God, while the element of Jesus is the dividing factor and the nature of God is argued.

There are historical dates that can be used to mark the changes taking place between the Jewish and the Christian faith.

http://www.biblebelievers.com/Dispensation_Chart.html

A Dispensational Chart

While the above chart can document the years…. [read more]


Confucianism Describe the Unique Characteristics Term Paper

… Confucius tells that not many people are able to keep jen constantly in mind; he also tells that jen is very close to us. As 'humanism' deals with ren or humanness, 'humanism' is the core of Confucianism. This is specifically emphasized by Mencian wing of the Confucian tradition and elevated to metaphysical level by one of the later thinkers, Neo-Confucian schools of Song-Ming times. Confucianism appears to be an open counter part with Chinese communism as 20th-century Confucian scholars credits the word 'humanism' to Confucianism; and hence this new understanding must itself be "historicized" as a metacommentary. (Huang, p.32)

The distinctive characteristics of Confucian humanism can be known from the teachings of Confucius. Confucius says the person cannot bear difficulties for a longer time and…. [read more]


Interpreting a Historical Artifact Research Paper

… The scenes depicted in the box have featured in several Sumerian artworks, for example Victory Stele, where the objective of erecting it was to celebrate the victory in battle.[footnoteRef:13] In addition, the mosaics in the ancient city of Mari also portray a similar scene of battle, which appears in the Standard of Ur. Banquet Scenes are also evident, and they borrow a lot from the Standard of Ur. Therefore, the appearance of the scenes tells that they were essential subjects to the Sumerians. In addition, literature reports that Sumerians did enjoy feasts and banquets, and there are poems and songs, which support their love for good parties. [13: White, "Treasures from the Royal Tombs of Ur: A Traveling Exhibition of the University of Pennsylvania Museum…. [read more]


Euro vs. Dollarization Term Paper

… The factors include how far a country wishes to become integrated into a wider currency and trade area, and whether it seeks to impose monetary discipline by eliminating discretion over its own policy, as well as whether it is seeking to change from a history of high inflation. The degree to which it looks upon a domestic currency as an indispensable element of national sovereignty, and the government's awareness of domestic political constraints on making a foreign currency the only legal tender, will also contribute to this decision. The mix of factors will be different across different countries. For the most part, however, the tradeoff for smaller countries will be between the elimination of the currency risk, including any currency crises, and the financial and…. [read more]

NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.