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Sovereignty a Good Thing or a Bad Essay

… ¶ … sovereignty a good thing or a bad thing?

The international political scene is in a constant state of change, transformation and development. Since the Concert of Europe was established in 1815 states have officially been engaged in different types of organizations, alliances that have often placed the idea of sovereignty and that of state authority over its territory in doubt. However, no other period in the history of our civilization has been able to raise such difficult questions related to international politics and order as the present moment has. From this point-of-view, Forsythe's inquires on the need for state sovereignty and authorities are legitimate and demand a debate, if not an answer.

Is state sovereignty a good thing or a bad thing? Should…. [read more]


Movement All Good Things Essay

… Ultimately, however, the May 4th Movement was an important movement for the Left in China, and presented a counter-argument to the present problems that had prompted the beginning of the May 4th Movement in the first place. The removal of traditional Chinese culture had a big impact on the country, but Communism has taken shape as a culture promoter now, and the two ways of life are being made to work more seamlessly. The rejection of Confucian values was a parting from thousands of years of history for China, and many Chinese still believe in his virtues even if it is against the better nature of the state apparatus on Mainland China.

The Great Depression, which would engulf the rest of the world, had a…. [read more]


Human Rights the Challenges of the Modern Essay

… Human Rights

The challenges of the modern world, intended by many to be a connected and collaborative place containing a sense of recognition of sameness as well as one of cultural difference are many. In this ideal world the differences of tradition, culture and nationalism often challenge the collaborative ideals of universal codes of conduct, but especially those associated with human rights. In the recent past independence of states has been seen as a sacred underlying code of existence only to be trampled upon when gross injustices, mostly against other states, warrant armed or unarmed conflict and even then to be answered with as much force as such a state could muster. The borders of a state were considered sacred territory, not to be crossed…. [read more]


American Exceptionalism Is a Concept Thesis

… American exceptionalism is a concept that has been shrouded in controversy since the arrival of the first British pioneers and settlers. The ideal of exceptionalism was born as a result of the Puritan view that the colonialists were on a God-given mission to create a perfect community on a proverbial "hill." This began a cultural paradigm that still prevails today, for better or for worse; the paradigm that the United States is "special" in comparison with the rest of the world. Not all critics agree with this assessment, however, and some, such as Ron Jacobs and Martin Sellevold are decidedly negative on the exceptional nature of the United States and its citizens. Others, such as Harold Hongju Koh and Dennis Phillips, have a more balanced…. [read more]


Declines of American Hegemony Term Paper

… American Primacy: Good for America and the World?

After the end of World War II, the United States emerged as the most powerful nation on earth. Many foreign policy strategists at the time advocated a plan to prevent any rival from acquiring the same level of power, and thus maintain American primacy in the world. Nonetheless, most political scientists consider post-war era as a bipolar one, dominated by the United States and the Soviet Union. The U.S.S.R., however, disintegrated in early 1990s, and the questions regarding American primacy became a centerpiece of political debates. Terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, gave further impetus to the idea that American primacy was good in a new volatile world. Many foreign policy theorists and political commentators began to…. [read more]


WTO and Trade Negotiations Thesis

… International Trade

Current Issues in International Trade

The issue of international trade and increased globalization is one of the most controversial subjects in the worlds of business and politics today. Proponents of globalization claim that there are direct economic benefits for all involved, and point to both higher wages in developing countries and reduced costs worldwide as evidence of this fact. Their calls for reduced tariffs and increased free trade, however, are met with vociferous opposition in the streets and in the halls of government by those who see free trade as simply a new method of exploitation. Human rights violations and environmental degradation, as well as assertions that the complex economic effects of free trade cannot be appropriately analyzed in a reduction to wage…. [read more]


Interventionism From the Perspective Case Study

… These studies serve as the foundation for this present analysis.

Other studies have shown that foreign military intervention can easily be conducted even if they are in violation of the United Nations charter and lack authorization of the Security Council (Cassese 1999). This shows that countries can and do act on their own in engaging in interventionism. The motives for doing so are what this study plans to investigate.

A number of Western countries support humanitarian interventionism but they have not yet intervened in Syria. The reality behind humanitarian interventionism is that there are clear political, geopolitical, and economical consequences to every foreign intervention. Intervention is not merely a humanitarian crusade but rather a highly explosive affair that can cripple countries' infrastructures and have global…. [read more]


Job Rhetorical Reading of Book Research Proposal

… Job

Rhetorical reading of Book of Job 29-31: Social Justice at the centre of the Moral concerns of Job

The questions surrounding the meaning of the Book of Job have been a central focus of debate among scholars, theologians and critics for decades. The literature on the subject points out that there is a strong relationship between social views and perceptions and the canonized perceptions of the society of the time that influences the way that this Biblical text is analyzed and understood. As one scholar writes, "For most of the history of interpretation, the answers have been predetermined by the book's canonicity -- in other words, by the presupposition that an inspired scriptural writing must convey a coherent and authoritative religious teaching."

In terms…. [read more]


Autonomy Metaphor: Men as Leaves John Locke Term Paper

… Autonomy Metaphor: Men as Leaves

John Locke's Moral Theory

Leaves of Grass & Autonomy

The concept of Autonomy in "Paradise Lost"

Aeneid and Free Will

Inferno

The idea of freedom in Nature

Autonomy and Liberty in the Literary Context

The concept of Practical Freedom in the philosophy of Kant

Equality and Freedom

The evolution of the idea of autonomy:

Within the conceptual framework of traditional philosophy, it is indeed very difficult to understand how freedom and non-sovereignty can exist together…Actually it is as unrealistic to deny freedom because of the fact of human non-sovereignty as it is dangerous to believe that once can be free…as an individual or as a group…only if he is sovereign..Under human conditions…freedom and sovereignty are so little identical that they…. [read more]


Vindication of the Rights of Woman Mary Research Proposal

… ¶ … Vindication of the Rights of Woman

Mary Wollstonecraft's book a Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) was written as a response to the proposed state-supported system of public education that would only educate girls to be housewives, a proposal made by Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord, the French minister of education after the French revolution (Mellor 367). The passion with which Wollstonecraft wrote a Vindication of the Rights of Woman was derived from her personal experience of inequality as a young woman in a patriarchal society and also by the injustice she experienced in her own family growing up, an injustice experienced primarily because of her gender given that she was raised in a home where her older brother, Ned (who by law…. [read more]


Globalization and the Impact to Democracy Essay

… Globalization and Democracy

"Some argue that [democracy and globalization] go hand in hand -- that unrestricted international transactions encourage political accountability and transparency and that politically free societies are least likely to restrict the mobility of goods and services. Others argue that democracies, in which special interests that suffer from foreign competition have voice, are more likely to have closed markets and vice versa" (Eichengreen, et al., 2007, p. 289).

The concept of globalization is seen by some as a new phenomenon, a concept that emerged due to the digital revolution, and due to the remarkable advances in communication and information that link states and companies with a surprising immediacy though they be in far-flung parts of the world. Globalization has been called a curse…. [read more]


Central Banks Dissertation

… Central Banks

What criteria are, and have been, used to determine monetary policy. Examine the evidence for and against the view that central banks can control inflation. Should central bank's target zero inflation?

What criteria are, and have been, used to determine monetary policy. Examine the evidence for and against the view that central banks can control inflation. Should central bank's target zero inflation?

Central Banks and Inflation

The Ideal Indicator

An Open Mind

The Consumption Function

Historical and Future Analysis

of the Criteria for Determination

of Monetary Policy

Optimum Currency Area Theory

The Microeconomic Benefits

Reduced Costs of Foreign Exchange Dealings

Chapter Five

Findings and Conclusions

Signature/Approval Page

An Economics Dissertation

Central Banks, Monetary Policy and Zero Inflation

Department

Dr. *** *********, Major Professor…. [read more]


French Revolution Revisited No Moment Term Paper

… As the war progressed, it was unfortunately necessary to put aside some of the last trappings of democracy in favor of a sufficiently powerful leader that could save the country. This was Napoleon. While his pride and military willingness to go beyond mere defense certainly made the war last far longer than it otherwise might have, it is important to remember that Napoleon did not actually start the war between France and the rest of Europe. Nonetheless, his rise to power and the wars that followed all stemmed from the Revolution in one way or another.

The social changes wrought by Napoleon are difficult to separate from the social changes created by the Revolution; what is certain is that before the Revolution France was feudalistic…. [read more]


Media in Other Places Essay

… Media in Other Countries

Many countries around the world have become more and more generally permissive as to what is allowed to be aired and broadcast in the media sphere. Notable example areas of this in motion are the United States, Canada and much or Europe. However, one area of the world that has fought against this increased openness and permissiveness tooth and nail is the Middle East, and Saudi Arabia is certainly no exception. There have been glimmers of said permissiveness and expansion in what is acceptable, but in a society (like Saudi Arabia's) that notoriously anti-open in terms of media and what can be said, there has been a large amount of blowback. The Kraidy article covered in this report has many corollaries…. [read more]


Capitalism Is Moral Questioning Essay

… These feelings are conducive to happiness and socially accepted, moral behaviors.

Because capitalism involves cooperation, capitalism furthermore involves socialization. Socialization is a key skill in human development and participation in capitalism can bolster healthy socialization practices and behavior. Certain patterns of experiences and behaviors emerge with extensive use of a capitalist system. Social relations are established and repeated. After long practice engaging with capitalism, a certain affect or sense for business may emerge. Capitalism can be on the side of the participant to nurture positive development and business skills. Fourcade & Healy continue:

"In practice, many exchanges defined as formally market-like fall somewhere on a continuum between the paradigmatic poles of direct bargaining and serial reciprocity. The pure, abstract, and anonymous common sense of the…. [read more]


Public Diplomacy Term Paper

… ¶ … Congress of Vienna, amidst the height of the turbulent end to the Napoleonic era, Metternich was informed of the death of the Russian ambassador and exclaimed, "Ah, is that true? What can have been his motive?" (10:1067) Metternich, a diplomat by profession and persona, was not alone witnessing the gradual degeneration of public diplomacy; the overall esteem of the diplomat in modern society is one of nebulous antipathy. The diplomat is frequently accused of substandard intelligence, inadequate competency, and lagging moral qualities that were, almost certainly, hidden under the cloak of employed responsibility. Facing inevitable scrutiny and public distrust, the diplomat performs a necessary function in the greater political world.

The Wilsonian conception of foreign affairs embraced by the League of Nations and…. [read more]


Equality for Women in the Workplace Term Paper

… Emma Goldman

The interesting thing about history is, as the saying goes, "the more things change, the more they stay the same." In the last century, the U.S. has undergone tremendous technological change. In many respects, it has changed in its political philosophy as well. In 1907, the 19th Amendment for women's suffrage was still years away from being ratified and the Civil Rights Act was not signed until 1964. In the 1900s, Emma Goldman was one of the most rebellious individuals who strongly advocated for a number of causes including equality and independence for women, freedom of thought and expression, radical education, sexual freedom and birth control, and union organization and the eight-hour day. Then she was known as "Red Emma" and an anarchist.…. [read more]


U.S. Has Not Signed Term Paper

… This is not the case, as the U.S. will always have the right to remove its support of the treaty.

The treaty protects children legally from many things that the U.S. laws already address. The U.S. should sign the treaty not so much to change or affect its treatment of children but to lend its support and voice for the change of treatment in some of the other nations. The treaty has already prompted legal changes in several countries regarding the mandates that are in the treaty. "The Philippines enacted laws shielding children from sexual exploitation. Sri Lanka raised the age of sexual consent from 12 to 16. India and South Africa have invoked the convention in court decisions involving the welfare of children. A…. [read more]


Henry Mackenzie's Novel "The Man Research Paper

… "

Moving on, some very interesting considerations could be made regarding the contribution of the novel in forming and evoking the concept of nation. While this was not the declared purpose of the work, some facts might be considered relevant as far as this issue is concerned. People who are part of the same nation have in common the language, the culture, the history and sometimes their ethnic origin coincides as well. It must be underlined that the author of the book is Scottish.

However the novel was published in the year 1771 and by that time the Act of Union passed in 1707 had already proclaimed the union of Scotland and England. Therefore, taking into consideration the political union one could very well speak…. [read more]


Principal-Agent Model in Economics Dissertation

… The entire implementation procedure was accomplished in twelve sequential steps, staring mainly from the reduction and the removal of the customs and import quotas among the trading coalition. The Tunisia-EU free area trading agreement after affects and whereabouts are discussed in order to explore the findings about the research question that is the impact of the Tunisia-EU agreement on the trading patterns of Tunisia.

Literature Review

The international political perspectives of free trade

A Global Analysis

The growth of world trade has consistently outstripped rates of world output in post-war years, a trend that has continued to play a key role in the internationalization of economic activity and to deepen global inter-dependence of regions and nations. In 1994 world trade was valued at $5.14 trillion,…. [read more]


Foreign Policy of China (Beijing Thesis

… But just as China (Beijing consensus)'s economic and military power does not yet match that of the United States, China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power still has a long way to go as demonstrated by a Chicago Council on Global Affairs poll. China (Beijing consensus) does not have cultural industries like Hollywood, and its universities are not yet the equal of the United States. It lacks the many non-governmental organizations that generate much of U.S. soft power. Politically, China (Beijing consensus) suffers from corruption, inequality, and a lack of democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. While that may make the "Beijing consensus" attractive in authoritarian and semi-authoritarian developing countries, it undercuts China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power in the West. Although China (Beijing consensus)'s new…. [read more]


Humanitarian Intervention the Arab Spring Term Paper

… Humanitarian Intervention

The Arab Spring brought about regime change throughout the Middle East, and most of these regime changes occurred relatively quickly and relatively peacefully. In Syria, however, the uprising has become what is essentially a civil war. The conflict has been ongoing for 20 months and shows no sign of abating. Government forces are equipped with modern weapons include warplanes, and the rebel forces are strongly entrenched. The conflict has resulted in a massive humanitarian crisis. The United Nations has recently declared that the crisis is becoming "rapidly worse." Syrian refugees are fleeing into neighboring countries by the thousands, but the more significant humanitarian challenge lies within Syria's borders. It is estimated that there are 2.5 million people inside Syria who need humanitarian aid…. [read more]


Guantanamo Bay Term Paper

… An additional 16 voted for the Cuban independence measure and abstained from the Platt Amendment (Mellen, 2004). These votes from the hypocritical members of the Senate would have defeated the Platt Amendment had they not changed their position so drastically (Mellen, 2004).

The U.S. intent to use the Platt amendment as the means to legitimize control over Cuba was not a hidden agenda (Mellen, 2004). Congressman Corliss of Michigan stated: "I am construed to vote for the amendment with reference to the island of Cuba, because I believe that the adoption thereof will insure the continuance of our sovereignty. I am unalterably opposed to the surrender of the sovereignty of the United States over the island of Cuba" (Mellen, 2004). Congressman C.E. Littlefield of Maine…. [read more]


American Foreign Policy That Both Realists and Idealists Should Fall in Love Term Paper

… ¶ … Foreign Policy Idea to Fall in Love With

Robert Wright's 2006 article -- in summary -- does a thorough job of taking the George W. Bush foreign policies to task. By invading Iraq, Bush squandered the chance for the U.S. To gain respect in the world, Wright asserts, and Wright goes into great detail to justify his theory. But meantime, "realism" means basically what can be done in the world, and "idealism" is what is dreamed of and hoped for in the best of all possible worlds.

Wright explains that "progressive realism" has a "nice ring," and he begins with a coy remark, that if Democrats adopted his idea of "progressive realism" they might win a presidential election. Well, Mr. Wright, they did.…. [read more]


Overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii Thesis

… ¶ … Hawaii Takeover by U.S.

Pages 4-5 Merze Tate's Explanations Regarding Mahele

Page 6 Norman Meller / Ann Feder Lee Research

Pages 7-10 Motivation for Overthrow of Hawaii

Page 11 Kamehamela III Dies / U.S. & Pearl Harbor

Page 12 McKinley Tariff Impact on Hawaii

How the Big Bad United States Dug Its Claws into the Hawaiian Islands

Background on Hawaiian Takeover by the U.S.

The United States among other countries was busy claiming and sizing up and then seizing new territories in the 19th Century. Among the territories the U.S. had its eye on in particular was the Sandwich Islands. Stuart Banner writes in Law & Society that while the Germans were grabbing New Guinea and Samoa, while the French were taking over…. [read more]


Evil Suffering and Theism Essay

… Theodicy

In Thornton Wilder's The Bridge of San Luis Rey, the bridge breaks, and five travelers are killed. Brother Juniper, a witness to the accident, sees this as his opportunity to test the reason for God's decisions. Since he believes in a good and sovereign God, he also believes that by examining and analyzing this situation, he will find the righteous purposes of that God in what appears to be an accidental event. He starts on an exercise of theodicy, or finding a way to justify the ways, sometimes evil, of God. Brother Juniper examines each of the five individuals' lives and concludes that all five had successfully found the resolution to a disturbing occurrence in their lives and thus were able to move on…. [read more]


Aeronautics Degree Program as Enrolled Thesis

… ¶ … Aeronautics degree program as enrolled in by the student who wrote this report. There were several topics looked at for this project including increased visual intraocular pressure and other impairments during human spacefl9ight, the effects on space travel of the increase commercialization of the space programs around the world, the utilization of flight simulators by NASA and the pros and cons therein, the effects of transient vibrations and/or shock loads on spacecraft engines as well as with the structural integrity and the effect of space weather phenomenon such as geomagnetic storms, radiation blasts from the Sun and other radiation-giving bodies on NASA missions and aviation missions around the country in general. Relating to the last of those topics, how the data from the…. [read more]


Future of Cuba Term Paper

… Cuba After Castro

Cuba is an island nation some 90 miles from Florida, and proximity alone gives this country great importance in the thinking of American leaders. More than this, however, Cuba represents a major loss in the Western Hemisphere, a country that is Communist-led and that has therefore been viewed as a major security threat to the United States. At times, that threat has been given even more weight, as it was during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. At other times, the threat has been less specific and often derives largely from antipathy to the leadership and to the very idea of Communism. In addition, Cuba holds a place of importance because of the many exiles from Cuba who have come to the…. [read more]


Jean-Jacques Rousseau's the Social Contract Term Paper

… Jean-Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract

In his book, the Social Contract, Jean-Jacques Rousseau explains the relationship of the individual to society. He emphasizes the natural law of personal rights and sovereignty and argues that any government derives its legitimate power only from the collective choice of many individuals to allow government to act as a proxy for their personal exercise of those rights directly. For similar reasons, Rousseau opposed the concept of "rightful" ownership of slaves, especially those who did not choose to become slaves. He also questions the right of any person to voluntarily pledge his servitude to another person or institution if that choice also applies to his descendants because doing so violates their fundamental natural rights.

According to Rousseau, legitimate governmental authority…. [read more]


Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gangs: Threat to National Security? Thesis

… ¶ … predominantly Latino Gangs, Mara Salvatrucha (aka MS-13), and the 18th Street Gang operating on the streets of communities across America. This study is significant because it will provide a snapshot in time concerning how these violent gangs operate in this country in ways that can inform and alert both civilian society and government agencies concerning optimal responses to the problem created by these gangs. Through a quantitative and qualitative analysis of documentary evidence and governmental statistics about the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang, this study developed several conclusive findings on the negative effects of these groups in the United States. The Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang are becoming transnational criminal organizations given the fact that they originated in Central America and…. [read more]

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