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World War II Why Did This War Happen Essay

… ¶ … World War II Happen?

The world had barely stopped hemorrhaging from the ravages of the "War to End All Wars" when World War II broke out in 1939 following Germany's invasion of Poland. Given the bloody and enormously costly outcome of the First World War and the efforts by the international community to forge an international organization that could arbitrate potential conflicts between countries in the interim, some observers today might question how the Second World War could occur in the first place. To gain some fresh insights into this question and formulate accurate answers, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature concerning the origins of World War II, followed by a summary of the research and important findings in the…. [read more]


Europe After World War II Essay

… The Commission was believed to be in a unique position to manipulate both domestic and international pressures on national governments to advance the process of European integration, even where governments might be reluctant. This contrasted with realist explanations of IR, which focused exclusively on the international role of states. Neo-functionalists used the concept of spillover to explain how, once national governments took the initial steps towards integration, the process took on a life of its own and swept governments along further than they anticipated going.

This statistical analysis taken from (ablog.typepad.com) shows the "Fixed Investment and GDP Growth" on a 5-year moving average. Results show that China and India has been far better than Europe and U.s, in improving their GDP growth. Basically Europe has…. [read more]


Soviet WWII Soviet Policy Leading Up Research Proposal

… soviet WWII

Soviet Policy Leading up To WWII

On August 23, 1939, Russian foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotov and German foreign minister Joachim Von Ribbentrop applied their signatures to a Non-Aggression Pact that would, at a crucial moment in world history, determine the course of events which would shape World War II. Brokered between Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin on the eve of the war's total outbreak, the pact came as a shock to the world and represented the terrifying threat of a unity between two totalitarian imperial powers. And in retrospect, it is often described as an event which demonstrated the rising power of Germany and the declining mettle of Russia. But a careful examination of this pact and the consequences of the agreement, both…. [read more]


World War II (WWII) Transformed Term Paper

… For the most part, however, the war was fought with the same or improved weapons of the types used in World War I. During the war, the United States and other nations made great advances in aircraft and tanks. This would ensure that war would be fought in a radically different way going forward.

After World War II, the use of the atomic bomb changed the U.S. And the rest of the world in many ways. Nuclear power resulted in a 40-year-long arms race between the United States and the U.S.S.R., and nuclear annihilation continues to threaten the world even today. On a positive note, nuclear power allowed scientists to develop new sources of energy.

During the war, new technological and medical advances were created…. [read more]


Comparing and Contrasting WWI and WWII Term Paper

… ¶ … WWI & WW2

Comparing and Contrasting WWI and WWII

World War I (1914-1918) and World War II (1939-1945) were the most devastating military conflicts in human history which caused untold destruction and loss of millions of lives. Although both wars were fought under distinctly different circumstances, had different causes and did not involve exactly the same foes, the two conflicts were not completely devoid of similarities. This paper compares and contrasts the two world wars from an American perspective; explains the reasons for United States' involvement in each war, and describes the legacies of the two wars on the country's economy, society, its domestic and foreign policies.

United States' Initial Neutrality in World War I

At the start of the First World War…. [read more]


United States in World War II Term Paper

… Minorities in World War II

World War II and Its Impact on Minorities in America

World War II was the most destructive war in human history, claiming the lives of at least fifty million people around the world. It crippled many more millions and cost nations astronomical amounts of property damage. World War II also has left a huge legacy as its impact on the domestic affairs of the countries involved was enormous. Though most history books focus on the war itself, this paper is an attempt to look at the war's impact on American society. Particularly, the focus of this paper is on the impact of World War II on minorities in America: Native Americans, Japanese-Americans, African-Americans, women, and other groups. It is hard…. [read more]


European Economics After WWII Term Paper

… European Economics World War II

World War II was considered the biggest and costliest war in history in terms of both lives and money (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers 2007). In a short period of six years, approximately 50 million died in battle or as a result of concentration camps, bombings, starvation and disease. Others were displaced and left to become refugees. Billions of dollars worth of property were lost along with artistic and architectural masterpieces. The War was so vast that it involved almost every country in the world. But the only two warring sides were the Allies and the Axis. The Allies or Allied Powers were the United States, Great Britain and the Commonwealth, China and the Soviet Union. The Axis Powers…. [read more]


World War I, or the Great Term Paper

… World War I, or the Great War, began as a conflict in Europe, due to the military alliances, rivalries and expansion goals of these European nations. The conflict, which broke out in August of 1914, eliminated the four great monarchial empires of Russia, Austria-Hungary, Germany and Turkey. It also shifted power from Europe to the United States and less so to the Soviet Union and Japan. Campaigns took place throughout Europe, as well as in the Eastern Mediterranean, Palestine, Syria, Mesopotamia and the Dardanelles. There were also naval fights in the Indian Ocean and off the Falkland Islands. German colonies were destroyed in Africa and the Far East.

The impetus for WWI was building for a long period of time; it included the competing European…. [read more]


Origins of the Second World Term Paper

… Taylor answered that argument in his opening "Second Thoughts" which prefaced the new edition of his work, where he noted with some vehemence:

My book has really little to do with Hitler. The vital question it seems to me, concerns Great Britain and France. They were the victors of the first World war. They had the decision in their hands. It was perfectly obvious that Germany would seek to become a Great Power again; obvious after 1933 that her domination would be of a peculiarly barbaric sort (Taylor xiii).

Taylor never varies from his theme and purpose throughout the book. He consistently illustrates the events that led up to the Second World War in immense detail. He analyzes each event coherently, helping the reader to…. [read more]


Seuss and WWII the Political Term Paper

… Hitler, Prop." On a barn in the backdrop (Available online at (http://orpheus.ucsd.edu/speccoll/dspolitic/pm/10519cs.jpg).In the cartoon, Hitler is surrounded by milking jugs and milking stools, and as the figure of a smiling, many-legged cow with multiple udders walks by with its eyes closed. Each of the separate bodies of the cow is marked with the name of a separate European country, France, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Norway, Denmark, Holland, Belgium, Jugoslavia (sic), Romania, Greece, and Austria, followed by a cow with a simple question mark to indicate that other nations will follow (Minear, A Catalog; Wikipedia).

Seuss was also quick to criticize American interests, and American isolationists were a favorite target, One of the most notable of these cartoons was published in PM Magazine on July 16, 1941 (Available…. [read more]


Cold War a Critical Debate Term Paper

… This policy certainly helped in increased production but it did not cause desirable progression in the industrial sector for two main reasons. The first reason was that managers of projects could not deliver. The greed and self-interest prevailed over the interest of state and secondly the state preferred the production of military hardware which was not a good economic choice for the growth and sustenance of large industrial sector. (Stearns)

The comparison of above two models reveals that consumerism promised rapid growth of economy as well as the public welfare, but on the other hand, productionism led to stagnant economy and no public welfare. In the long run United States benefitted immensely whereas it had devastating effects on USSR.

Deprivations of Third World Countries. In…. [read more]


Economic and Social Effects of the Second World War on Germany Research Paper

… Economic and Social Effects of the Second World War on Germany

German Economy Prior to World War I

The National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazis)

Pre-World War II Unemployment in Germany

Unemployment in Germany from 1933 to 1939

The German Labor Service

Work Creation Programs

Population of Germany Prior to World War II

Summary of the German Population From 1933-1939

How the Treaty of Versailles Affected Pre-World War II Germany

Germany Entering World War II

Changes in Population

German population in 1939

The Population of Germany After World War II

Expulsions of Germans

Unemployment in Germany After World War II

The Division of the Nation of Germany After World War II

Currency Reform

Currency Reforms of June 1948

Elimination of Price Controls

Reduction in Tax…. [read more]


World War II Nuclear Technology Term Paper

… War

World War II Nuclear Technology

Nuclear technology is technology that entails the reactions of atomic nuclei. It has been used in things like smoke detectors, nuclear reactors, gun sights and nuclear weapons. In 1896, Henri Becquerel was examining phosphorescence in uranium salts when he discovered a new phenomenon which came to be called radioactivity. He, Pierre Curie and Marie Curie began looking at this phenomenon. In the development they isolated the element radium, which is highly radioactive. They revealed that radioactive materials produce intense, penetrating rays of several distinct sorts, which they called alpha rays, beta rays and gamma rays (Nuclear technology -- Definition, n.d.).

During World War II, nuclear reactions were adequately well understood that all the factions began to see the possibility…. [read more]


Historiography of the Cold War Term Paper

… The United States, argues Williams, was so ideologically committed to the ideal of an open global capitalist system that it could not comprehend any other settlement; cohabitation with the Soviet bloc on the basis of mutual acceptance was thus ruled out. This is thus fundamentally an economic explanation rather than an ideological one, but one that sees economics in essentially political terms. As the counter-culture movements of the 1960s and the effects of the Vietnam War exerted their influence on U.S. perceptions of the world and America's role within it, many scholars developed similar arguments to Williams. Walter LaFeber's America, Russia, and the Cold War, 1945-1966 of 1967 offered a subtle and very influential model of the revisionist argument, while Joyce and Gabriel Kolko's The…. [read more]


Termed the Forgotten Battle Thesis

… Chapter Two: Literature Review

Background and Overview

In reality, it is not surprising that it required some time for the United States to recognize the strategic significance of the Aleutians. At the time, Alaska was not even a state and its geographic distance from the contiguous United States further distanced the region from the minds of American policymakers. For instance, according to Hodas-Walsh (1997, pp. 3-4), "Not only was Alaska and the Aleutians a secondary theater of war during World War II, the United States had always considered it of secondary importance." By the fin de siecle, though, the United States had in fact begun to take some interest in the archipelago but the interest was only modest and fleeting. In this regard, Hodas-Walsh (1997,…. [read more]


Western Civilization - World War One Essay

… Western Civilization - World War One to the Present Era

The events that lead to the outbreak of World War One are hauntingly familiar. Preexisting strife between Austria-Hungry and Serbia was sparked to fire with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austria-Hungry throne. Ferdinand's assassin was a Slavic teenager, Gavrilo Princip, a nineteen-year-old member of the terrorist organization the Black Hand (Duffy 2007, "Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, 1914"). Although the Serbian government claimed that it did not officially sponsor the Black Hand's terrorist activities, and Ferdinand was no JFK, Austria Hungry saw the assassination as an opportunity to further its influence in the Balkans, a spatial region already taught with ethnic and nationalistic violence (Duffy 2007). In fact, Duffy asserts…. [read more]


Dissolution of Empires After WWII Term Paper

… ¶ … World War II also marked the end of the idea of empire, an idea that had directed the actions of many European powers for some time and that was also evident in the actions of some of the countries of Asia. These various countries sought to expand their power by taking over other nations and by controlling the actions of those nations under one banner. For Europe, the result was the colonial era in which first newly discovered areas were incorporated as part of the empire and then when many of the regions later to be called the Third World were invaded and occupied. India was such a region, and British rule would continue until Gandhi, following his non-violent approach, helped in creating…. [read more]


Soviet Union and the New Russia Research Paper

… Soviet Union and the New Russia as a U.S. Security Threat

At the end of World War II, roughly Summer 1945, Europe was in shambles. Millions had been killed, many of the governments so disenfranchised that they had to be rebuilt. The infrastructure in most of Europe was in shambles, but unlike the situation after World War II, the United States found a new determination in President Truman and his staff. Because they wanted to build up a democratic Europe, aid was put into place (the Marshall Plan) to help restore Europe to hegemony and self-sufficiency. However, because Europe was in such turmoil and there was somewhat of a power vacuum that France, England, the United States, and of course, the Soviet Union, wished to…. [read more]


Soviet Union and Stalin Era Term Paper

… He stood for a peasant's private ownership of land. Collectivization of agriculture, therefore, was a thoroughly political and ideological category, not only an economic one.

Collectivization was a leveling of life in order to stifle everything creative in a human being. Collectivization was a method of national oppression with the help of massive efforts to impose a hostile ideology of life upon a subjugated nation. The French, the English, the Dutch and the Belgians by no means imposed their way of life upon the countries acquired by them. But, the Russian did the contrary. They force their way of life upon the subjugated nations as a means of dominating them. Thus, for instance, in literature or art socialist realism was a form of Russian imperialism.…. [read more]


Social Impact of Cold War Essay

… Innocent civilians are often at extreme risk in the battles for gathering information or in the battles run by remote. In an interesting way, it might also be seen that this kind of distance campaign strategy is like the way some see the U.S. As contributing to the near collapse of the world economy. The U.S.'s lax financial rules and regulations pulled in other countries and set them up for many of the challenges they now face -- many of which are bringing about social and cultural unrest. It clearly would not be difficult for terrorists or even other nations to see this as an extension of the type of attitude that America picked up when it did its victory dance after the melting of…. [read more]


Influential Factor in the Evolution Research Paper

… World War II had thus caused a shift in influential power and both the United States and the Soviet Union wanted to exploit the new reconstructed framework of the world. The Soviet Union sought to do so by expanding socialism to countries in Europe, looking thus to dominate states in the sphere whereas the U.S. And other Western nations believed that communist ideology is threatening to both national identity and the ideal of democracy which is why they sought to prevent this from happening. Indeed, among the causal factors that led to the unfolding of the Cold War, the conflict of two competitive ideologies is assumed to be most prominent. Both the U.S. And the Soviet Union were convinced of the superiority of their system…. [read more]


American History Europe Was at War Thesis

… American History

Europe was at war and the Nazi war machine was gradually occupying every major country, it seemed that there had been nothing to stand in their way. Millions of innocent had been dying on the eastern fronts as Stalin struggled to make a barrier to stop the Germans. Matters in the U.S. were not better, with the Japanese having attacked Pearl Harbor and also killed numerous innocent people. Just as the whole world felt like there was no hope for freedom to thrive, the U.S. had had to enter the war.

The governments from allied countries had all encouraged their people through massive propaganda that they should help in any way that they could in supporting the war against the Axis powers. In…. [read more]


U.S. History and Foreign Policy Term Paper

… ¶ … U.S. history and foreign policy. The writer explores the five questions and devotes two pages to each answer. There were fours sources used to complete this paper.

Explain the development of containment after World War'll and the reasons for conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union.

The development of containment after World War II had an impact on relations between the Soviet Union and the United States that cannot be denied. While the use of the word containment was not new during 1946, it was new with regards to the Soviet Union and the United States at that time and it strained the relations between the two super-powers (CONTAINMENT of SOVIET UNION (http://www.foreignaffairs.org/19870301faessay7847/george-f-kennan/containment-40-years-later-containment-then-and-now.html).

It was a little more than a year…. [read more]


Germany Research Project Research Paper

… The government even forced the youth to be a part of the army which led to Germany's s army a big and prominent one in the war. (Jarausch, 2006) Since this was the case, the entire population of Germany became highly aggressive. This aforementioned population did not include the anti-Nazis but as mentioned earlier there weren't a lot of those any way. The Nazi supporting population had been so brainwashed by the previous regime that they had completed been washed away of all their tolerance. Even though the Jews were victims the most, other races and minority groups were under threat as well. The Nazi supporting Germans did not like the idea of Jews or any other culture or race living in the country. (Jarausch,…. [read more]


WW2 and Social Democracy 1940-1955 Pamphleteering Term Paper

… Social Democracy

Pamphleteering has a long history in England and became a means of expression against government policies in the New World as well. As the mass media developed, the practice of pamphleteering expanded as well as various writers produced not only pamphlets and broadsides but longer essays, books, and other printed material to promote their causes. One of the causes that attracted a good deal of attention was the promotion of social democracy or socialism beginning at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century, notably led by H.G. Wells, George Bernard Shaw, H.M. Hyndman, and Beatrice and Sidney Webb. The tensions of World War II would revive many of these writings and caused many others to take up the cause…. [read more]


U.S. Intelligence Efforts in China From 1930 Through 1949 Research Paper

… U.S. Intelligence in China

The "loss" of China to communism in 1949 dealt a serious blow to the United States' foreign policy, this was not an inevitable outcome of the Chinese Civil War. In fact, the so-called China Hands had been on relatively good terms with Mao Zedong and the communist leadership, and the Communist success in the war could actually have been a boon for the United States' position on the world stage, specifically by offering the United States something of a bulwark against Soviet expansion in the form of a "friendly" communist superpower. However, this would never come to pass, because intelligence failures on the part of the Office of Strategic Services, the China Hands (and their British counterparts) inaccuracy in predicting the…. [read more]


USA Hegemony Term Paper

… S. kept Haiti economically and politically isolated for decades and refused any diplomatic recognition until after the Civil War. In more recent history, Jean Bertrand Aristide, a Catholic priest and advocate of liberation theology, was overthrown twice in military coups in 1991 and again in 2004, which had all the classic hallmarks of CIA-style covert operations. Not surprisingly, Haiti remains one of the poorest countries in the world, dominated by a corrupt and repressive oligarchy that the U.S. has helped to install and maintain over many decades.

Michael Doyle counters Rosato in asserting that Kant's Perpetual Peace between democracies is real, as is their tendency to be war-prone with authoritarian or non-liberal states. Not all groups within democracies are liberal or democratic, of course, but…. [read more]


Soviet Union and United States Essay

… Petersburg that the spark of discontent was fanned into a flame. By March 8th, International Women's Day, thousands of female textile workers walked out of the factories to protest poor working conditions. By most accounts, most of the cities industrial workers joined them within a few days. Tsar Nicholas ordered the workers back to work but by this point in time, the soldiers, most of whom had family in the factories, supported the strikers.

In an event that would be referred to at the February Revolution, Nicholas abdicated the Russian throne, a provisional government was quickly established, and a hasty election was held to create power blocs representing factory workers' and soldiers' interests and rights. By November, the October Revolution saw these soviet groups seizing…. [read more]


War: Vietnam Term Paper

… What must be remembered, say realists, is that a state is not an individual or a person, and therefore, it must not be treated as such. The rules and the theories and principles that guide the moral behavior of an individual cannot be applicable to a state, and it must be remembered that a state belongs to the world, and when the world is taken as an arena where the various players must defend their own territories, then the state must be taken as a participant in the activities of the arena where violence is the natural course and order of things. (War: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

If a state needs to maintain its power and security and provide these for its citizens in the…. [read more]


U.S. Entering WWII: Pearl Harbor Term Paper

… In such a situation of conflict, the United States government had in its possession the diplomatic and military codes of Japan. This was also reported in a top secret Army Board report of October 1944, and that said clearly that the United States military establishment knew the probable exact hour and the date of the attack. This information was also revealed on 29 November 1941 by the Secretary of State to a reporter that the attacker's time and place was known. This is what had been reported by New York Times. (1941 World War II)

It is clear that there were many important and powerful groups which were involved in trying to stop United States from entering in the war, and this meant that Roosevelt…. [read more]

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