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Is Space Exploration Necessary? Research Paper

… ¶ … Space Exploration Necessary

More than most of us can imagine, astronomy as a study has been around for long. Our first tour into the unknown realm outside our atmosphere started only just after half a century ago. Hitherto, we have made enormous coverage which has exceeded the projections despite the various setbacks. We have made successful landing on the immensely mysterious night candle and using expensive suits which are well thought out and designed, walked into the vast emptiness. And 50 years into the pursuit of our search for novel colonies, most people are asking why. Questions are being raised on the importance of spending billions of dollars on things which are not important while many more people are dying down here on…. [read more]

Space Exploration He Space Shuttle Essay

… Advocates of manned space travel counter that "to save money and reduce failure rates to a minimum, robotic probes are stripped down to essentials," and do not yield as much effective data as do manned spacecrafts (Rahls, 2005:1). However, it is important to note that if manned space vehicles eliminated or sharply reduced in number, then unmanned vehicles could potentially become more sophisticated, given the cost savings that would ensue. Robotic missions, with proper investment, could also become even more effective if the funds currently focused on manned missions were diverted to unmanned computerized technology. While in the past human-staffed missions were able to obtain more precise measurements, computers are improving constantly, and the problems encountered in the past may be less burdensome in the…. [read more]

Is Space Exploration Necessary? Research Paper

… ¶ … Against Deep-Space Exploration

In April 2010, U.S. President Barack Obama announced his intention to support continued space exploration as a fundamentally valuable human endeavor. More specifically, President Obama reiterated his belief that the nation should commit itself to putting a man on Mars much the way the nation did in connection with the effort to land a man on the Moon in the 1960s. Several prominent retired former NASA astronauts support the President's view, most notably, retired U.S. Air Force Colonel "Buzz" Aldrin. Meanwhile, other retired astronauts (including Neil Armstrong, who commended Aldrin's historic Apollo 11 Lunar Mission in 1969) believe that the nation should first commit more resources to returning to the Moon instead.

Still others question the need to continue deep-space…. [read more]

Space Program Term Paper

… It cannot, however, be denied that nearly all of these achievements could have been accomplished at a fraction of the cost that was spent on "manned" flights into space if the policy objectives had been to scientific benefits only.

Supporters of "manned" flights, on the other hand, argue that the human dexterity and ingenuity cannot be matched by robots. For example, the Soviets brought back samples of the moon's surface through cheaply-built unmanned "Luna" spacecrafts in the 1970s. Astronauts of the Apollo missions did the same. The difference is that geologically trained astronauts were able to select the most representative, interesting, and/or exotic samples while the Luna samples were scooped up at random by the robotic probes. (Spudis) Other tasks and field experiments carried out…. [read more]

Space Vehicles for Future Research Paper

… Such technological growths will as well have fascinating implications on the hotel industry. Notably, the required technology for initial orbital accommodation is much simpler than that required by the passenger launch space vehicles. It is also simpler than that required within the orbiting research stations. Here, there is no need for extremely accurate high-speed computers, communications, attitude controls, and/or custom designed research equipment. Perhaps by 2030, orbital hotels will be beyond the first generations encompassing clusters of ordinary pre-fabricated modules, including large structures such as entertainment complexes, sports centers, and resort hotels assembled within the earth's orbit.

As the scenario described above develops, commercial incentives will arise thereby leading to at least one propellant service station within every hotel orbits, supplying hydrogen, oxygen, and water.…. [read more]

Space Odyssey Thesis

… ¶ … Space Odyssey

This film has been lauded as innovative and groundbreaking in terms of cinematic art. It is also referred as director Stanley Kubrick's masterpiece in terms of concept and cinematography. The film's stunningly conceived images are still as exciting and provocative as they were when it was released in 1968. One can refer to the opening sequence of the film where we encounter the strange and awe-inspiring black obelisk. This leads to the later sequences in the film that progress to the intriguing and mysterious finale.

The plot is a result of Kubrick's interpretation of a story by renowned science fiction writer, Arthur C. Clarke (Greydanus). The film deals with a number of themes. The most significant of these is human evolution,…. [read more]

Computers in Space Science Term Paper

… These are only a few of the literally thousands of technologies and advances created by NASA computers and technology ("Spin-offs"). Therefore, computer technology in space often ultimately leads to people living better lives as the technology makes its way into everyday living. Today we take items like microcomputers and Velcro for granted, but we really have NASA to thank for many of the technological advances we enjoy in our lives every day. Without computerized technology, the space program would probably still just be a dream, and all of the advances that have come along with it would just seem like so much science fiction.


Author not Available. "Computers at NASA." NASA. 1994. 29 Oct. 2003.

Barber, Jennifer Lauren. "Close Encounters on Your Desktop."…. [read more]

European Voyages of Exploration Essay

… De la Casa estimated that there were originally 3 million people under Columbus's authority and contemporary historians differ in their estimate of how many people they exterminated after arriving in the new world, but it is almost certainly more than 1 million and as many as 7 million or 8 million people (Stennard, 1993; Zinn, 2003). In the Bahamas alone, they killed more than 100,000 (approximately half the population) just on the Island of Haiti within a few years (Zinn, 2003). Twenty or thirty years later, their number had been halved again; and by the time de las Casas published his accounts, there were no Arawak Indians left on Haiti (Zinn, 2003). Even without the rivers of gold sought by the early explorers, Spain eventually…. [read more]

Organizational Behavior the Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster Research Proposal

… Organizational Behavior

The Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster - Organizational Behavior as a Matter of Life and Death

Case Summary

The Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster commences with a short presentation of the NASA's shuttle being disintegrated 16 minutes after reentering the earth's atmosphere. The disaster which killed seven crew members and kept the attention of the space exploration annals had been caused by technical mistakes. Interestingly enough, the commission appointed to investigate the disaster revealed that at the bottom of the technical troubles stood shortages in the organizational management. "According to the board, the stage of these technical troubles was set by a more fundamental cause - deeply rooted problems in the organizational management of NASA's Space Shuttle Program itself. One might not expect to find…. [read more]

Is NASA Still Needed? Research Paper

… ¶ … National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has provided the United States with some of the most captivating moments in our nation's history. It has inspired generations of bright minds to think beyond the confines of the planet we live on. It has expanded our knowledge of the known universe, and through that knowledge, has imparted to us a deeper understanding of the planet we live on.

As a race, we would only know a fraction of what we know about the universe if it were not for NASA. We would not be able to predict natural disasters, broadcast information to remote areas, or talk on cell phones. However, the real value of NASA extends far beyond small conveniences. In the period before NASA,…. [read more]

Cold War and the Conquest of Space Thesis

… ¶ … Cold War and the Conquest of Space

On July 20, 1969, the United States accomplished the impossible. It was on this day that Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins set world history. On this day, this crew landed on the moon, finally proving once and for all that America led the world in technology and achievements. In the beginning, there were only two contenders in the race. However, recently, others are beginning to enter into the picture. In order to understand this fascination with the great beyond, one must understand the original race for space and the two superpowers that duked it out.

After WWII, the European powers were in disarray with no clear leader. The U.S. And the Soviet Union used…. [read more]

Debating NASA's Budget and Importance Term Paper

… 7 billion for the 2012 fiscal year, the cost of funding NASA represents a scant 0.5% of total federal expenditures (Rogers). To put the often overwhelming numbers contained within governmental accounting into perspective, consider that "the United States spends more than $20 billion per year on air conditioning for troops in Afghanistan and Iraq & #8230; more than the entire operating budget of NASA" (National Public Radio). Having already discontinued the fleet of space shuttles, once considered among the most recognizable symbols of America's intrepid spirit, NASA has been forced to confront its own institutional mismanagement in a self-administered process of budgetary evaluation. Rather than simply sacrifice NASA on the altar of false fiscal responsibility, our elected leaders should recognize that an organization capable of…. [read more]

Coming of Age Stories: Explorations Thesis

… When that line has been crossed and a person engages in sexual acts, they no longer belong to the world of innocent childhood. By engaging in warfare, the young men each cross the line between childhood and the adult world in a way that is different from sex. Going to war means that there is the likelihood that the soldier will have to become a killer. As time goes on, the memories that Jimmy has of Martha and his time with her fade and the thoughts of her are replaced by the very real images of the current time. He changes from a man in love with a girl who wants nothing but to be loved in return, into a man who cares not if…. [read more]

Air, Space, and Cyber Essay

… Finally, the USAF can further develop its air presence since the foundation of this military branch is it's air support in combat situations and its ability to outperform other country's air support. At the end of the day, the air is where the Air Force is the most effective on a daily basis; but it falls last in this prioritization of funds and resources because there are currently more imminent threats and issues that need to be dealt with.

Through our lessons though we have learned that "air, space and cyberspace strategy is the articulation of the air component commander's concept of operations in support of the joint force commander's campaign plan" and that "airmen must weave these factors into an executable theatre air, space…. [read more]

Exploration of One Aspect of Amy Tan's Work Term Paper

… Amy Tan

Mother-Daughter Conflict and Fragmented Cultural Identity within Three Works by Amy Tan

The Chinese-American writer Amy Tan, author of such popular and critically-acclaimed novels as the Joy Luck Club (1989); the Kitchen God's Wife (1991); the Hundred Secret Senses (1995) and the Bonesetter's Daughter (1996), two children's books, and numerous short stories and essays (Huntley 19) often focuses in her work on conflict-ridden relationships between uneasily-assimilated Chinese immigrant mothers and their American-born, better-assimilated daughters. A dominant theme in Amy Tan's work, and the one which I shall explore here, is that of the Chinese mothers' hopes, wishes, and ambitions for their Americanized daughters; the daughters' frequent rejection of those same hopes and wishes in quest of their more individuated, Americanized identities; and the…. [read more]

Health Standards for Long Duration and Exploration Spaceflight Research Proposal

… Aeronautics


Human and Psychological Factors Associated With Long Duration Spaceflight

The paper seeks to discuss the human physical factors affecting adaptation within long duration spaceflights. The essay opens with an outline of the impacts to spaceflight, which include uptake of between 40% and 50% crewmembers in the initial microgravity experience days. The paper also explains that the space adaptation sickness is a condition expressed through symptoms such as headache, disorientation, and nausea. The subsequent paragraphs shoe the factors are alleviated through pharmacological interventions and exercise. The paper also highlights other significant obstacles to the maintenance of astronauts' health in missions of longer durations. The essay evaluates spaceflight performance and psychological aspects, which are particularly important in the deployment…. [read more]

History and Culture of the Baroque Term Paper

… ¶ … Culture of the Baroque

The protests against the Roman Catholic church, its doctrines, faith, and practices began with Catholic clergymen like Martin Luther in the 16th century. The protestant reformation protested the exploitation of the peasants, like the sale of indulgences for remission of sins, and salvation by sacraments, fasting, and good works. This led to the differences like baroque art in Catholic churches and institutions to appeal to emotions, while protestants banned baroque art from religious institutions. This caused the catholic counter-reformation that led to structural reconfiguration, religious orders, political dimensions, and spiritual movements like Teresa of Avila's Carmelite Order, Discalced Carmelites. After the counter-reformation period came the post-reformation European political period that sought separation of the church and state. At the…. [read more]

Women Want Is an American Term Paper

… A second personal space violation between Alex and Nick occurred when Alex was dumped by her boyfriend at the prom. Although she invited her father to 'rescue' her while she was in the bathroom crying, she protested when he wanted to see her in the stall. She willingly invited him into the girls bathroom, which for many would be a societal violation of personal space; however, she reasserted the need for personal space when he attempted to enter the stall she was in.


As evidenced by the aforementioned the interpersonal communication characteristics of relational development, self-disclosure and personal space have been examined as they relate to the movie "What Women Want." Although the movie was a romantic comedy, the interactions between males and females…. [read more]

Challenger Launch Decision Joe Kilminster Term Paper

… They should approach the primary sources of decision in discovering what really happened and what institutional forces were considered. They should seek out direct links among actions and decisions made by primary sources and how these were influenced or programmed by operational, technical, financial and other managerial influences within and without. From there, the "decision stream" can be constructed in a chronological order around the time of the accident or event and against which the organization's world view can be drawn.

She also suggests that investigators go through incomplete or erroneous system definitions, the existing knowledge of system operation and system performance and their roles in decision-making. They should choose a method that will enable them to discover, find and ask the right questions of…. [read more]

Tom Shulich ("Coltishhum") a Comparative Chapter

… 40).

Thus, from the perspective of the bottom rung of Indian society, it is Lapierre's contention that the self/other dichotomy if not fully eradicated, at least becomes practically irrelevant. Lapierre's slum dwellers refuse to entertain invidious distinctions between self and other. The familiar as well as the stranger, the healthy and the diseased, the old and the young -- all are taken in and cared for in one big, harmonious community of the urban poor. In a society of unfortunates who all must struggle simply to survive against great odds, no one is rejected "marginal." The denizens of Calcutta's slums, Lapierre tells us, "had reconstructed the life of their villages in urban exile" (p. 41).

Stephan Kovalski, an expatriate Polish priest, is the main European…. [read more]

NASA and Integrated Financial Management Term Paper

… However, the landing on the moon and the decline of the Cold War, among other factors, initiated changes in NASA's direction. Budget cuts caused officials to become more concerned about the survival of the space agency. NASA was forced to subcontract research and development that was previously conducted in-house (McCurdy).

As funding and accountability to Congress became an issue, the agency's mantra of encouraging risk and tolerating failure declined. Congress and the public wanted to see successful and dramatic programs, such as Apollo. However, high-profile failures like the 1967 Apollo fire and later, the Challenger explosion raised doubt on the feasibility and safety of the space program (McCurdy).

As a result, McCurdy observes, "professional employees watched the tolerance for risk and failure decrease at a…. [read more]

Experimental Research Methods in Business Literature Review

… 123). The research approaches to which the authors refer in their definition include, for example, data collection and analysis, inference techniques, qualitative perspectives, and quantitative perspectives. When placing a mixed methods approach in the research -- as a type of research -- the authors suggest research employing mixed methods "would involve mixing within a single study; a mixed method program would involve mixing within a program of research and the mixing might occur across a closely related set of studies" (Johnson, 2007, p. 123).

As we have said, research methods can be described as fitting within any one of three research paradigms: The qualitative research paradigm, the quantitative research paradigm, or the mixed methods research paradigm. Greene (2006) further parsed research methodologies into four domains:…. [read more]

Gemini Throughout History Research Paper

… This made it possible for the Gemini to effectively dock and perform the necessary requirements for traveling to the moon.

Evidence of this can be seen by looking no further than comments from Hacker (1977) who said, "Gemini neared its operational phase, however, things were different. Apollo managers and engineers quickly sought help in various areas. James Church wanted to learn about Gemini program control experience, especially when the Gemini people succeeded in controlling program costs. Calvin Perrine asked for information on ground test programs as the Gemini development and test experts began meeting delivery schedules more successfully. Rolf Lanzkron and Joseph Loftus were anxious to learn anything from the Gemini crews that might be applicable to Apollo flight problems. Even North American, the Apollo…. [read more]

Computer Games Research Term Paper

… This development among others means that public safety has declined precipitously and that no one has complete immunity from the possibility of physical victimization by violent acts.

However, not all researchers have found a positive relationship between video game playing and violence. For example, Goldstein states that studies do not necessarily demonstrate the actual effects. "Some social psychologists argue that playing violent video games causes aggressive behavior, among other things (desensitization to violence, disinhibition of violence, belief in a 'scary world,' acquisition of cognitive schemas supportive of aggression). Three types of evidence are said to converge in support of this conclusion: correlational studies, field studies (which are typically correlational in nature), and laboratory experiments." Correlational research, he adds, can relate nothing about whether violent video…. [read more]

South Korea Market Analysis Subscribers Essay

… This situation is noted by industry experts to be as a result of a shortage in the level of supply of tropical fish as well as seafood products-preferred to other temperature water products.

Consumption data

The official consumption data shows that Singapore consumers actually consume close to 96,000 metric tones of seafood yearly. About 76% of this seafood supply is traded at auctions in Singapore with 88% of the supply being imported. This leaves a balance of 12% which is supplied by the nation's aquaculture industry. The aquaculture industry comprises of 6 land-based suppliers and 97 suppliers who are sea-based, These are involved in the production of prawns, fish, crustaceans as well as mollusks.

Production output

Singapore's seafood industry is valued at between £45 -£50…. [read more]

Aeronautics Degree Program as Enrolled Thesis

… ¶ … Aeronautics degree program as enrolled in by the student who wrote this report. There were several topics looked at for this project including increased visual intraocular pressure and other impairments during human spacefl9ight, the effects on space travel of the increase commercialization of the space programs around the world, the utilization of flight simulators by NASA and the pros and cons therein, the effects of transient vibrations and/or shock loads on spacecraft engines as well as with the structural integrity and the effect of space weather phenomenon such as geomagnetic storms, radiation blasts from the Sun and other radiation-giving bodies on NASA missions and aviation missions around the country in general. Relating to the last of those topics, how the data from the…. [read more]

Personality Biological and Humanistic Approaches Essay

… Maslow's hierarchy would appear to be an orderly progression. However, it is possible for a person to experience different levels at the same time. For instance, they may have a minor deficiency in their nutritional status, but they may be experiencing a lack of sense of belonging at the same time. They may have a period of security and well-being, then experience a loss that places them on a more basic survival level. As my own personality demonstrates, a person who has experienced one level of Maslow's hierarchy and has achieved this level knows that they can achieve this level again. They have confidence that they can once again meet their own needs and rise to a high level on the hierarchy. Those who have…. [read more]

Anne Bradstreet and Edward Essay

… " (Cowell, Anne Bradstreet).

The daughter of an earl's estate manager, Anne Bradshaw had private tutors and access to the earl's library (Cowell). She immigrated to America with her family and married a man who eventually became the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the precursor to the city of Boston (Cowell). Bradshaw's poetry was very much concerned with Puritan doctrine, but it was not pedantic. She seemed primarily to work toward clear expression of her experience, and the tensions that made up the fabric of her life: life in a frontier environment where she practiced "exact diligence in her place" and the pleasure she took in raising eight children and the poetry that drew her to steal time away from duties to write (Cowell).…. [read more]

Prisons as an Area Essay

… As a result, prison officers have a crucial role in the achievement of this role since they need to engage in their work as something enjoyable because they are doing something positive to promote social change of criminals. In order to promote this change, prison officers should not engage with prisoners in undignified and disrespectful ways by simply locking and unlocking them when necessary.

Therefore, these correctional and incarceration facilities should not be used as a warehouse where people are stacked while awaiting to be released. Prisons have been effective in promoting social change when prison officers have engaged more with convicts in appropriate ways resulting in less security problems and bullying. In the criminal justice system, prisons should be considered as the last resort…. [read more]

Theory Development Nature and Use Essay

… The question of utility and the value that the theory adds is the next question to be addressed by the authors. In addressing the criteria for a theoretical contribution, the authors spend considerable time asking the question,"what us is this knowledge?" They ask how the theory contributes to the field or how it can be used.

Corley and Gioia explore at length, many different theorists on the topic of theory development. The authors did not rely on empirical research findings, as the topic did not lend itself to such methods. The purpose of the article was to explore present theory and the process of theory generation. They do not support their work through empirical research findings, or formal data collection techniques. Rather they develop their…. [read more]

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