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Spanish Women and Values Within the Turn Term Paper

… Spanish Women and Values

Within the turn of the twentieth century, Spanish women have spread to the fields that were greatly overrun by men. Cinematography, authorship, and activism have welcomed women in their embrace -- though not without some hardship on the way. This can be owed to the changing and non-changing class and social values of Spanish families after the poignant historical eras of both the Spanish Civil War and the Franco-rule dominating Spain around the mid-1900s.

Post-Franco era has gradually given way to a democratic Spain, and by 1976, this led to the alteration of Spanish values, most notably a view of gender roles within the scope of society (Perez). In the light of politics, film, literature, and other media, society has given…. [read more]

Ho Women Are Portrayed in Late 19th Century Art Term Paper

… ¶ … Women are Portrayed in Late 19th Century Art

Throughout history, women have served as the subjects of compelling and poignant works of art, reflecting in large part how society viewed them and what roles they were expected to play. These gender differences were especially pronounced during the 19th century when women were women and men were men, and these differences can be readily discerned in the portraiture that emerged during this period. This paper provides an analysis of how women were portrayed in late 19th century art in general and in the paintings of women by John Singer Sargent and James Abbott McNeal Whistler in particular. An examination of how women are portrayed in paintings in general before the 19th century is provided,…. [read more]

Soldaderas of the Mexican Revolution Term Paper

… ¶ … traditional depiction of Mexican women was very restrictive. The pre-revolutionary view of Mexican women was of a "woman who had lived her life constantly in the male shadow" (Soto, 31-32). Mexican bravado and chauvinism forced the Mexican women into the background of the patriarchal society that has its roots in Spanish government and culture. These women were consumed by their family life, their marriages and the Catholic Church. They lived silently behind the scenes of the dominant male counterparts as if they were only an extension of their individual presence. Legal, social, and cultural constraints were placed upon women to prevent them from gaining full acceptance and rights in society. The concept of gender equality was more foreign in this culture than the…. [read more]

Women's History the Passing Term Paper

… Although they were spaced a century apart, the American Revolutionary War and the American Civil War shared similar implications, as both helped a new nation define itself in theory and geographically. The first forged a new nation, independent of Great Britain; the other preserved the political and geographic integrity of that new nation. Both had wide-reaching social, political, and economic implications for all Americans. However, women were classified as second-class citizens during and after both wars. The Civil War freed the slaves but did not offer women the right to vote. Although women served their cause in many ways: from assuming the business duties of their husbands in combat to dressing like men and taking up arms, "few people seemed to appreciate women's efforts," (201).…. [read more]

Equality for Women in the Workplace Term Paper

… Emma Goldman

The interesting thing about history is, as the saying goes, "the more things change, the more they stay the same." In the last century, the U.S. has undergone tremendous technological change. In many respects, it has changed in its political philosophy as well. In 1907, the 19th Amendment for women's suffrage was still years away from being ratified and the Civil Rights Act was not signed until 1964. In the 1900s, Emma Goldman was one of the most rebellious individuals who strongly advocated for a number of causes including equality and independence for women, freedom of thought and expression, radical education, sexual freedom and birth control, and union organization and the eight-hour day. Then she was known as "Red Emma" and an anarchist.…. [read more]

1588 Spanish Armada Term Paper

… Spanish Armada

It is reported that Pope Sixtus remarked, "It is curious that the emperor of half of the world should be defied by a woman who is queen of half an island" (Conan). He was referring to Philip II of Spain and Queen Elizabeth of England, and the "stunning defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588" (Conan).

During the latter half of the sixteenth century, Philip II was the most powerful man in Europe, and although he appeared to also be the most wealthy, due to Spanish territories in the New World he was in debt heavily to foreign bankers (Ross). Compared to Spain, England was a small nation, and was neither particularly wealthy nor powerful, thus on the surface anyway, it might seem…. [read more]

Treatment of Women in Mexican Term Paper

… During the entire Conquest, their relationship was monogamous.

Octavio Paz and Being Mestizo

Paz is one of the writers and thinkers most responsible for helping Mexicans come to an understanding of their own place in the world, and the relationship between "Mexicanness" and mestizo-ness. Through his writings he has helped both Mexicans and everyone else come to understand that the mixed heritage of the people of Mexico is not something that should be attempted to be overcome but is rather something that should be celebrated.

Paz writes about his own struggle to understand what it means to be Mexican on a personal basis - a struggle that he would come to understand was not in fact a personal one at all but that was in…. [read more]

Sociology and Feminist Theories Term Paper

… Of particular interest to the casual observer are the differences in relational dynamics and social interaction and perception between African-Americans and white Americans. African-American societies are by far one of the most dominant societies in the U.S., and have also been subject to different stereotypes and stigmas that have been existing for many years.

In fact, racial and gender differences are the most common forms of stratification that society tends to look in an individual. In the case of the American experience, African-American males are perceived differently by society as compared to white American males and females, as well as African-American females. In Myra and David Sadker's article entitled, "The Miseducation of Boys: Changing the Script," the authors discuss the significance of race and gender…. [read more]

Latin Hispanic Literature Essay

… Latin/Hispanic Literature

According to both Robert Lee and Erica Aigner-Varoz, Chicano women have suffered centuries of oppression by the men in their culture. Indeed, this oppression is so ingrained in the cultural consciousness that men particularly find it convenient to simply perpetuate the paradigm of the weak and subservient woman. In addition to the advantage of having these women as servants or even a type of slave, such attitudes towards the female within Chicano cultures also show a basic stagnation of growth in this culture. On the other hand, Lee particularly notes that the movement of both time and development tend to be inevitable. The female and feminist paradigm for example has become increasingly prominent as themes in Chicano literature as well as the basic…. [read more]

Women in Film Noir Teaching Term Paper

… A deal with kids daily and yes sometimes it is negative, but the outcomes are usually positive. I take time for the frequent flyers that are in my office. I am consistent, fair, and honest.

Kathy said her own emphasis on supporting teachers and giving them leadership roles allowed her to contribute to the daily improvement of learning and said she experiences as a staff developer helped her as an administrator.

I saw the difference in a building where the collaborative leadership was evident and initiatives from Central office were supported. I saw a huge difference in the outcome based upon the leadership of the principal.

Pat's experiences and beliefs were similar:

Sometimes it is through overseeing, evaluating, supervising teaches, and noticing how they implement…. [read more]

Feminist Drama and Performance Timberlake Wertenbaker Research Proposal

… Timberlake

Feminist Drama: Two Plays by Timberlake Wertenbaker

Theatrical performance, beginning in the nineteenth century and continuing through the twentieth and into our current era, has been at the forefront of social and political change. This has been arguably true of the art from during other epochs of human history, but has been most noticeable in the modern age. Issues of class, race, sexuality, and gender were first truly explicitly dealt with in plays such as Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House and Ghosts, George Aiken's stage adaptaion of Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel Uncle Tom's Cabin, and other examples of nineteenth and early twentieth century realism such as Strindberg's Miss Julie and even, to a degree, the more serious works of Anton Chekov. The change in…. [read more]

Group Structure and Unit Cohesiveness Term Paper

… Although many young men when they enter the Army already have a foundation of their own moral codes and values, which have slowly developed through their years of integration with society, these values and codes are slowly changed or developed by the Army to enable the individual to become one of many as part of a free thinking but also collective thinking organization, binding the men to each other into a professional close knit unit of men in uniform not boys in the school yard.

It these values that have formed us as part of a group, giving us comfort and safety to belong, to trust and respect our fellow men, there can be no negotiation on these values or codes they are set in…. [read more]

Saint Teresa of Avila Term Paper

… As a devout nun, she had a special relation with God, through which she was able to experience the unfathomable love of God (Mujica 9). She experienced divine visions that allowed her to write many poems and quotes; to express the love that she was experiencing in the relationship she had with God. In her late years, she founded a convent and wrote several pieces, including a book for her nuns called The Way of Perfection. She lived in a time when there was significant turmoil in the wake of religious reforms. She expressed her qualities as a strong and inspired leader. Despite the challenges of women in the society at the time, where women took passive roles only, she remained visible. She was a…. [read more]

Concept of Home Thesis

… ¶ … Home

Sandra Cisneros'novel " The house on Mango Street," published in 1984 is considered to be a Bildungsroman, in other words a book following the development of a person, the process of transformation from an initial state symbolically representing potentiality to a final one symbolically representing actuality (in the Aristotelian sense of fully achieved and actively manifested potentiality).

The purpose of the present paper is to analyze how Esperanza constructs her own identity and becomes aware of it through the various relationships she creates with both boys and girls coming from a variety of family backgrounds and social statuses. The main theme is represented by the dynamics which occur in the relation between the individual and society.

Esperanza, the main character is undergoing…. [read more]

Native Americans: Separate and Unequal Term Paper

… 3). In a manner that mirrors the attitude of the Quechans, the Cherokee also sought federal protection, but wanted to maintain their sovereignty. In other words, Native Americans were trying to negotiate a place within the expanding European society in North America, but without sacrificing their values, beliefs, and sovereignty. The colonial powers, whether British, Spanish, French, or U.S., responded sometimes brutally by segregating them physically and culturally.

An essential component of the colonial response was to establish boarding schools through the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) (Oliver, 1996, p. 10-13). The goal was to indoctrinate Native American children in Christian values, the English language, property ownership, and the American work ethic, while stripping them of their native culture and language. Twenty-five boarding schools were…. [read more]

AVON Calls on Foreign Markets Essay

… As is evident in the first sections of the case, Avon lacks a galvanizing strategy that can unify the entire organization to a common strategic marketing plan. Fragmentation of the new product development process, market planning, market strategy, sales and distribution are evident in the first sections of the case. It is also clearly a chaotic situation and one, if left unchecked, will proliferate and lead to a complete lack of governance. With no governance in place, Avon will find creating even the most simplistic process a challenge.

The warning signs of what Avon will be like in an increasingly deteriorating level of governance are evident in the case. The core areas of new product development, procurement, supply chain management are out of synchronization with…. [read more]

Domestic Violence and Hispanic Women Research Paper

… Evidence-Based Practice Protocol: Domestic Violence and Hispanic Women

Evidence-based Practice

Domestic violence (DV) accounts for about 30% of all acute injuries to women treated in emergency departments, as it currently constitutes a critical public health concern, not only in the United States (U.S.), but worldwide. Some studies indicate that Hispanic women are more likely to be injured during intimate partner violence incidents than non-Hispanic women, with scholars agreeing that DV among Latinos must be addressed as it constitutes a serious problem among the Latino growing population.

Research reveals that utilizing emergency room protocols to identify and treat victims of domestic violence increases the identification of victims by medical practitioners. Although a high percentage of female victims of domestic violence visit emergency rooms for treatment, low…. [read more]

Fashion Photography Advertising in High End Women's Magazines Term Paper

… Fashion Photography Advertising in High- End Women's Magazines


Fashion Photography in the Form of Advertising, for High-End Women's Magazines

Table of Illustrations

Literature survey: Origins / history / theory of fashion photography advertising in high-end magazines

Recent Developments of Fashion Photography Advertising

Case Studies .10

Appendix of Illustrations.

Table of Illustrations

Helmut Newton, "Rue Aubriot," Vogue France. Paris 1975

Helmut Newton, Vogue France, 1979, Paris, Yves Saint Laurent Collection

Helmut Newton, "Self-Portrait with June and Models"

Diego Velazquez, Las meninas (1656)

Helmut Newton, Cover of Vogue France, September 1986

: Andy Warhol, Self-Portrait (1964)

: Steven Meisel, Calvin Klein "Euphoria" Fragrance campaign, 2010

: Steven Meisel, "Madonna hitchhiking (from Sex)," 1993

: Steven Meisel, "Make Love not War" cover of Vogue Italia, 2009

Typology:…. [read more]

Swine Flu You Remember Case Study

… Finally, in addition to the cost in health and human suffering, flu pandemics are costly in simple monetary terms. According to the World Health Organization:

Influenza rapidly spreads around the world in seasonal epidemics and imposes a considerable economic burden in the form of hospital and other health care costs and lost productivity. In the United States of America, for example, recent estimates put the cost of influenza epidemics to the economy at U.S.$71-167 billion per year. (Influenza, 2003)

One final point must be considered in assessing the need for a speedy decision in terms of public health actions taken when considering how to respond to a flu pandemic: The length of time required to make a vaccine that would prove to be effective against…. [read more]

Scarface Latin American Culture Term Paper

… Scarface- Latin American Culture

Scarface (1932) film is an American gangster movie, written by Ben Hecht, directed by Richard Rosson and Howard Hawks, and produced by Howard Hughes. The film is founded on the 1929 novel written by Armitage Trail (White 30). The film stars Paul Muni as Antonio, Tony' Camonte. Brian de Palma remakes the film in 1983 in different setting in the Latin American and Miami drug cartel, with Al Pacino, Tony Montana, as the star (Myers 335). The Al Pacino Scarface film retells the story of an immigrant into the United States who attain wealth and power because of his indulgency in drug trafficking.

Al Pacino, acting as Montana, is a Cuban refugee who traffics drug from Colombia to Miami in the…. [read more]

Future of Cuba Term Paper

… Cuba After Castro

Cuba is an island nation some 90 miles from Florida, and proximity alone gives this country great importance in the thinking of American leaders. More than this, however, Cuba represents a major loss in the Western Hemisphere, a country that is Communist-led and that has therefore been viewed as a major security threat to the United States. At times, that threat has been given even more weight, as it was during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. At other times, the threat has been less specific and often derives largely from antipathy to the leadership and to the very idea of Communism. In addition, Cuba holds a place of importance because of the many exiles from Cuba who have come to the…. [read more]

Era Through the Great Depression Essay

… To be precise, this division was intended to turn capital and labor into two arms of business to promote the interests of industrial manufacturing in America. Hepburn Act was intended to establish and regulate maximum railroad rates. It strengthened railroad regulations and submitted national railroad companies to Interstate Commerce Commission (I.C.C.). The Hepburn Act of 1906 gave the I.C.C. power to establish and regulate maximum railroad rates (Commercial Laws, 2011). The railroad companies under this act had to justify their accounting procedures and fairness of their rates. The act reduced the powers of the employers and their relations with employees. The act checked against employee exploitation as it mandated railroad companies to establish an 8-hour-long day for all their workers.

The Spanish American War

The…. [read more]

Spain as of Late 2010 Essay

… Spain's solvency issues mean that it is not in a good position to provide fiscal stimulus to aid its economy. Worse, it cannot devalue its currency as a means to bring real prices and wages down. Without the devaluation option, and with no hope of either fiscal or monetary stimulus, Spain faces a long and painful period of deflation in order to bring the economy back to equilibrium, and during this process internal devaluation only makes the country's debt problems worse (Krugman, 2010).

Beyond the crisis, Spain's current rate of inflation is -0.3%. While deflation is generally negative in that it increases the cost of debt, it also is required in the Spanish economy to bring prices into equilibrium. The deflationary environment, therefore, is expected…. [read more]

Territorial Expansion Essay

… He was against the concept of centralized government and had not penned the Constitution. Despite the fact that he had written the Declaration of Independence, Thomas had not authored the Constitution. He was renowned for supporting state wise rights and had not agreed with Alexander Hamilton over the creation of the National Bank either. His perspective was that if a power of authority was not part of the Constitution, then, the state had the right to decide upon the matter. Jefferson had to sacrifice his ideals for the greater good in the procurement of the Louisiana land. If he had waited to legally amend the Constitution, then there was a possibility that the French would take back their offer. (Kelly, 2011)

Another concern was that…. [read more]

Racial Identity Complexities and Potential Essay

… African-Americans are -- because of a complex and iterative series of social, economic, and cultural conditions -- generally less educated, less wealthy, and less healthy than white or Asian-American individuals. Reponses to the feelings of anger and/or hopelessness that result from ongoing poverty and lack of opportunities in some African-Americans is linked to a high level of drug and alcohol abuse, gang membership and violence, and involvement in the criminal justice system. Any one of these can lead to early death, especially for young black men. A therapist who does not understand the social stresses faced by her African-American client may, at least unconsciously, blame her client's own behavior instead (Jones, 1985).

Most African-Americans are not addressing acculturation or immigration issues because they are likely…. [read more]

Racial Ideology of Latinas as Evidenced in Discourse Analysis Literature Review

… Racial ideology of Latinas / Lit. review

Racial Ideology of Latinas in Discourse Analysis

Racial Ideology of Latinas

Latina Discourse -- Fiction and Non-Fiction

In her book Borderlands: The New Mestiza (1999), author Gloria Anzaldua, a self-proclaimed "borderland Chicana," writes about her experiences living on the border between Texas and Mexico. She describes the experience as being challenging and frustrating because of the conflict of the borderland. She refers to this way of living as being a "marginal person," existing in a perpetual state of transition and ambivalence. She expresses the frustration of what it is like to have the steady influence of different cultures while lacking the ability or the security to claim one of those cultures for herself. She infuses her expression with…. [read more]

Art Violence and Social Engagement in Colombia Research Proposal

… ¶ … Colombia is the third-largest recipient of military aid from the United States and is at a critical juncture in its turbulent history. More than three million people have been displaced in Colombia during the past decade alone, and violent deaths and kidnappings remain alarmingly high. While violence is nothing new to the people of Colombia, their response to its sources and causes have been portrayed in the visual arts in various ways, with one of the most recent manifestations of this being portrayal such as the "The Skin of Memory," developed by the anthropologist Pilar Riano-Alcala and the artist Suzanne Lacy in collaboration with a multidisciplinary team in Colombia. Because art must also serve a social function and civic responsibility, this thesis evaluates…. [read more]

Composition Project Essay

… ¶ … History in All This? Poetry, Literature & Film

The main intention of the assignment at hand is to propose a film that bridges some of the texts I find intriguing with my own family history. "The Passion of Joshua the Jew" coincides with my Jewish and Spanish heritage. Joshua was on of the many Spanish Jews forced into exile from the country just before the turn of the 16th century. My ancestors were additionally a part of this group. The two texts from the course upon which my proposal will focus are Geography III by Elizabeth Bishop and Speak, Memory by Vladamir Nabokov. Based on the family history I could secure through some independent research, the film I propose to study and analysis…. [read more]

American Political Parties Term Paper

… "

Additionally, viewers seek information that confirms what they already believe. Bernhardt et al. (2) quote Posner "… they want to be confirmed in their beliefs by seeing them echoed and elaborated by more articulate, authoritative and prestigious voices. So they accept, and many relish, a partisan press." Bernstein adds that people hear what they want to hear. "No one tunes in to Rush Limbaugh because they're not sure whether to trust Barack Obama or John Boehner; they tune in because they are already Limbaugh acolytes and want to hear him confirm their own views. Conversely, liberals tune in to Rachel Maddow to find out why they should be mad at Republicans this week."

Therefore, people seek out like-minded news organizations to confirm what they…. [read more]

How Were Catalan Modernista Painters Influenced by French Art? Term Paper

… French Influence Upon Catalan Modernists

It is difficult to imagine the art world without a French influence. It seems that throughout history much of art has been based out of French culture and social ideas. The central location for such artistic creation has primarily been that of Paris, France. It seems that many artists have journeyed there for education or intellectual freedom of expression. It is a special place, a place that thrives on the energy art represents to the world. Even today, it is the place to be an artist. There is a certain allure and safety as if an artist's identity automatically fits with Paris. Maybe the draw can be attributed too much of its pulse is generated by art and the museums…. [read more]

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