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Special Ed Philosophy a Special Education Term Paper

… Special Ed Philosophy

A Special Education Philosophy Driven by Epistemology and Axiology

It is sometimes taken for granted the Special Education philosophy generally revolves on the demand of providing an education for the disabled which is commensurate to the education available in mainstream settings. However, the philosophical principles of placement, policy and approach are quite a bit more complex than this assumption suggests. It is thus that the discussion hereafter proceeds to delineate a particular philosophical understanding of special education.

Special Education Philosophy:

Much research on special education philosophy points to epistemology as a crucial element of the profession. Certainly, it is reasonable to argue that a versed understanding of the way that knowledge is obtained, formulated, recalled and utilized is essential to pedagogy in…. [read more]

Special Education Goetze and Walker ) Found Term Paper

… Special Education

Goetze and Walker (2004) found that students who are most at risk of academic failure are those who lack reading skills. They found that use of technology enhanced literary capabilities of students who have special needs (Goetze and Walker, 2004). In fact, technology and literacy have a very strong link and scholars have been keenly interested in discovering various aspects of their relationship. Fisher and Molebash (2003) in their study wrote that the Digital Divide is as a cause of concern for many educators who believe that technology has a great role to play in education. They point out that despite the fact that many non-profit organizations have devoted more and more time and effort into constructing a sound and efficient technical setup…. [read more]

Education Diversity Term Paper

… Education Diversity

I define diversity as simply the quality of difference that is observed in different things and people. Diversity in a social context is code word for people of color such as blacks and Latinos. Diversity is always to be encouraged in many educational contexts although I think it is mostly misunderstood by students and teachers alike. To me diversity, is simply a word that highlights the amount of similarity or lack of similarity in two distinct objects. The word has been charged in recent years with a potency to increase inter-racial harmony and understanding. Diversity is the opposite of equality.

I am diverse in many ways. My diversity is a product of my physical, emotional and mental capabilities and effusions. My culture is…. [read more]

Mathematics My Role as a Special Education Term Paper

… Mathematics

My role as a Special Education Teacher

Despite the fact that education is not referenced in the U.S. Constitution, nations that declared that they have "undertaken to provide" it ought to provide extended educational prospects fairly. Appropriate development securities are assured by the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments that are:

No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."

Initially intended as safety measures in opposition to any sort of undeserved custody and securities for real estate tenure, "liberty" and "property" agreements…. [read more]

Inclusion Special Education Term Paper

… The overall findings though leads to a much less clear cut answer and that is that the LRE for each student is different and can fluctuate with success and failure in each option at any given time individually. (p.4)

Some arguments of full inclusion site studies that suggest that the comparative model of mainstreaming introduces an inherent flaw that causes reduced self-esteem on the part of special needs students who are continually left wonder just why they do not find the work as easy as other students. Additionally, special needs students can be seen to develop slower progress based on the inability of teachers, who are already overburdened by the work load of their traditional classes and feel undertrained to serve4 the needs of all…. [read more]

Special Education Teachers Term Paper

… The key element is the teachers' perception of threat (either this is self-imposed or imposed by others)." (Kyriacou, 1987).

Further, occupational stress that occurs at high levels leads to dissatisfaction, absenteeism, and ultimately turnover. Kyriacou & Sutcliffe concluded that the work conditions were the contribution factors to teacher dissatisfaction and leaving, rather than the experience of teaching itself. (Kyriacou & Sutcliffe, 1979). The work conditions referred to in this case include the combination of the wage structure and the job responsibilities and the inequities between the two.

Multiple studies have identified causes of teacher stress, identifying commonalities such as a high pupil to teacher ratio, limited pupil progress, unreasonable workload, role overload and role conflict, relationship issues with colleagues, a poor working environment, insufficient wages,…. [read more]

Special Education From the Standpoint Term Paper

… It is the hopes of the research team that sending out this many surveys in a variety of areas will be able to reach many racial groups. In addition there will be a section on the survey asking about racial background. This will allow the study to further conclude by race how satisfied the parents are with the accessibility and quality of the special education services their children receive. In addition this may provide some questions as to the type of services that different races receive which may pave the way for further research in the future regarding special education for minorities.

The way the research question will be answered through this survey question is through the use of multiple choice questions. The survey will…. [read more]

Philosophy Essay

… Philosophy is a broad science and it is normally used as an umbrella term for comprehensive body of studies. It is usually used for the study of inordinate concepts such as ethics, logic and aesthetics. But it also goes beyond these to study religion, social values, political theories etc. For many decades even psychology was considered a part of philosophy but not anymore. Every science involves philosophical problems, but the above-mentioned subjects all raise, in one form or another, the problem of values and thus start metaphysical questions of central import.

Thus metaphysics is the clearing house for all fundamental philosophical problems. It is the comprehensive discipline in which all philosophical issues and theories converge. Indeed, inasmuch as the special sciences, such as physics, biology,…. [read more]

Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 Thesis

… Special Education

Until 1975, disabled children were segregated in public schools and did not enjoy equal access to the resources, activities, and curriculum offered to children without disabilities. The Civil Rights movement raised awareness about the rights of non-white minorities and women in the educational system. However, the Civil Rights movement was slower to embrace the constitutional rights of mentally and physically challenged children. The United States Rehabilitation Act was passed in 1973, one of the first significant pieces of legislation that addressed educational and workplace discrimination against disabled persons. The U.S. Rehabilitation Act of 1973 prohibited discrimination against the disabled in any federally funded institution including public schools. The 1973 legislation did not focus on educational issues or the needs of handicapped children. However,…. [read more]

Pedagogic Model: Teaching Technology in Special Education Dissertation

… " (Dougiamas, 1998) Such trivial constructivism, though, is the bedrock from which Glaserfelds more radical constructivism springs. He continues to state that because knowledge is constructed by the learner, and because no two learners are the same, knowledge itself is not absolute. There is a degree to which knowledge is an illusion, and every individual constructs their own conception of reality which (while susceptible to the demands of "real" or normal reality) does not necessarily align with the normal paradigm. Constructivism does embrace this relativistic and existential approach to reality, but it also holds as a primary value the idea of constraint which enables the thinkers to participate in social interaction and mainstream reality. (Glasersfeld)

One interesting area of constructionist theory is…. [read more]

Special Education Director Thesis

… Special Education Director

Leadership styles in K-12 have been studied using both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Compare and contrast the underlying assumptions, strengths and weakness, and practical considerations that would lead to a choice of one or the other method to study a special education supervisor's or special education director's leadership style. Locate in the literature or develop one example of each approach to leadership.

Appreciative Inquiry

The work of Mason entitled: "Research Methods for Learning and Teaching: Introduction and Resources" states that research into learning and teaching can be used for the purpose of informing teaching as well as for formal reports and published studies. (2006)

Mason states that in terms of mixing methods that the logic used most commonly is that when researchers…. [read more]

Physically Impaired Students With Regular ED Students Elementary School Age Research Proposal

… Special Education and Inclusion: Physically Impaired Students With Regular Ed Students-Elementary School Age

The objective of this study is to summarize the methodology and findings for three intervention studies conducted concerning special education and inclusion for physically impaired students with regular education students at the elementary school age.

For the purpose of this study, the following three studies have been chosen for review:

Wybranski, Nancy a.M (1996) an Efficacy Study: The Influence of Early Interventions on the Subsequent School Placements of Children with Down Syndrome. The Center for Education, Widener University

Pirie, Barbara Springman (1996) Inclusion, Its Feasibility: A Case Study at an Elementary School. The Center for Education. Widener University.

Fondacaro, Donna M. (2001) Asperger Syndrome and Educational Interventions: A Series of Case Studies.…. [read more]

Education Has Evolved Substantially Term Paper

… ¶ … Education has evolved substantially over the years, from an almost strictly oral tradition in the Greek era, from the beginning of what is recognized as the Greek classical period to the end of the Hellenistic period. (500-30 BCE) the next educational period to be discussed is the Renaissance from roughly 1400 to 1550 CE, with an education based almost entirely on a revival of such rhetorical thought and an emphasis on speaking and listening once again but with careful assimilation of the newly codified written works of both the Greek and Roman great thinkers. Lastly to modern 1970's educational tradition with many of the traditional oral lessons being emphasized while a myriad of new ideas came to be a part of the system.…. [read more]

Education in Order to Promote Term Paper

… Students who are athletically inclines would be similarly stimulated.

Students also must solidify their skills in reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Those who are deficient in these subject areas should be offered special attention after class or through extra-curricular activities. No student will be criticized for not meeting the standards set by other students in the classroom. Rather, students who show different abilities will be treated with respect; teachers will pay attention to the unique talents of each student.

All students will be able to cultivate their unique talents and abilities and teachers must be prepared to guide students toward their ideal futures. Teachers also need to help students learn valuable social and coping skills, and will not solely instruct students in the rote learning…. [read more]

Memory as a Child Essay

… Although the theories scholars as Piaget and Maslow resonate with me, it is Gardner's multiple intelligences theory that comes the closest to my philosophy that each child's needs must be considered separately. Teachers, at the minimum, need to know instructional and theoretical basics; then they need to modify these to the specific requirements of their students (K3). Educational foundations must be adapted to the greatest extent for special needs children who range from high to low functioning and require very different cognitive, physical, linguistic, academic and psychological interventions based on disability. Teaching coursework and theory go hand in hand with the Ohio DOE's standards, objectives and benchmarking parameters. In addition, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and Free Appropriate Public Education must provide the Individualized…. [read more]

Teaching as a Profession Term Paper

… Teaching as a Profession

The teaching profession is a profession that many young boys and girls dream about when they are in school. They conjure up images of putting lessons on a blackboard, helping students learn to read and playing with their charges on the playground. Those that actually go to college to enter the profession are often excited, nervous and committed to becoming the best teachers they can be, however, until they get into the actual classroom, they can only imagine what their lives as teachers will be like.

One of the most important experiences a student teacher can have is to observe a classroom for a period of time. Classroom observation is probably the most effective tool a student teacher can use to…. [read more]

Post Modernism: A Forced Impact Research Paper

… Students today are seen as competent small adults that can deal with divorce, drug addictions, violence, advertising, neglect and sometimes abuse. What at one time would have been irreproachable to change, students and society forced to change (Elkind, 1997 in: Richardson, nd).

It is stated of Postmodernism that it became "…an ideological and political marker for referencing a world without stability, where knowledge was constantly changing and change was the only constant." (Nesrin, nd) Aronowitz and Giroux (1991) examine the fact that most individuals believe that postmodernism is destructive in nature. The discourse of post modernism is such that asks "What is reality….what is right?" (Nesrin, nd) This is because "general ethical understandings and principle have lost their validity: source of ethical norms are now…. [read more]

Philosophy Nietzsche Often Identified Life Term Paper

… In exploring the extent and limits of human understanding, David Hume arrives at the conclusion that justification for many common beliefs about the "natural world" is impossible. In An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, he writes,." is not reasoning which engages us to suppose the past resembling the future, and to expect similar effects from causes which are, to appearance, similar." Here Hume states his primary thesis about the so-called "law of cause and effect" -- it does not have a justification through deductive reasoning or a demonstrative argument. Therefore, skepticism regarding natural phenomena, accompanied by a practical understanding of the apparent causal chain in the universe, is the closest thing to justification that humans can have (Huwig 2001).

Concluding this exposition of perceptions, Hume advocates…. [read more]

Concise Analysis of the Effect of Advisory Participation in the Adolescent Years Grades Chapter

… , 2012). Furthermore, such sampling aids in ensuring diverse, data-rich cases, and, thus, sample arrangement will only be determined following researcher entry into the field. Lastly, consistent with Saunders and coworkers (2012), the whole population may not be regarded as statistically representing the sample.

Additionally, as the survey (questionnaire as well as interviews) will prove to be a vital source of corroboration grounded in human affairs, much care will be taken to describe and understand them. Experienced participants who may be able to provide useful, crucial information with regard to the phenomenon may prove highly valuable to this research. Further, the questionnaire and interviews will be aimed at providing a descriptive sketch of a "typical" advisory initiative context and associated student performance; it won't be…. [read more]

Future of Education in USA Term Paper

… Student Centered Teaching

Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism vs." Essentialism and Perennialism

The face of the American educational system has been changing dramatically over the past several decades. Since the inception of standardized education in the U.S., the fabric of society itself has undergone dramatic changes. Yet, the educational system continues to promote the paradigms that prevailed since the systems very beginning. It can be argued that the system is in need of some dramatic changes if we are to compete in a world where globalization means coping with increasing competition. This research will explore teacher centered and student centered philosophies. It will support the hypothesis that student centered philosophies benefit the student more than teacher centered philosophies.

Standardized education was developed on teacher-centered philosophies.…. [read more]

Autism Spectrum Disorder Research Paper

… Autism Spectrum Disorder

The objective of this study is provide complete descriptions of research-based instructional strategies that will be used in working with students and to state a reason why these have been chosen.

Students Desire to Serve

The writer of this study has chosen to work with children with autism. This study will examine how these strategies address specific weaknesses and utilize the strengths of children with autism. The writer of this work has chosen the ages of 11 -- 13, children in the eighth grader with autism spectrum disorder to work with. The studies reviewed in this report have served to provide the writer of this work with information that can be applied in the instructional environment.

Instructional Strategies

The work of Thiessen,…. [read more]

Teaching That Play a Role Term Paper

… ¶ … teaching that play a role in the decisions teachers make with regards to instruction. Attitudes and beliefs, reflective practice and teaching philosophy are all elements of decision making and are incorporated into this literature review. There were 60 sources used to complete this review.


For many years teachers have been held accountable for the progress, success and failure of their students. During those years the field of education has moved through various stages that have incorporated both the knowledge of the educators with the desires of the public. Whether it was teaching to the test, inclusion, diversity or technology that was examined the nation's teachers formed attitudes and beliefs about how to best deliver the instruction.

Attitudes of teachers can…. [read more]

Service Providers on Special Student Research Paper

… There is considerable evidence indicating that school characteristics such as inflexible scheduling, culturally insensitive environments, rigid instructional strategies, ineffective special student engagement, and poor curriculum design which fails to recognize cultural differences and values, inhibit academic achievement-especially among low-performing special students (Giroux, 1994; Hixson & Tinzmann, 1990; Klem & Connell, 2004; Richardson & Colfer, 1990). Unlike the environmental factors previously mentioned, educational service providers nonetheless have considerable influence over delivery of services with respect to curriculum, scheduling, text selection, and instructional strategies. Of particular interest to this researcher are instructional strategies-specifically, pedagogical practices that provide support for special students -- and how low-performing and high-performing special students might perceive them differently.

This chapter presents a synthesis of the literature as it relates to the role…. [read more]

Special Education Programs Minorities Overrepresentation Research Proposal

… ¶ … Northcentral University, 2013

The Overrepresentation of Minorities in Special Education

Concept Paper

Requirements for the Degree of


Prescott Valley, Arizona


Over representation of minorities in special education has been an issue that has been raised over many years. Dunn (1968) questioned this when he noted that the placement of these children in such settings was questionable as the benefits they received were not evident. He also noted that the labeling of these children as disabled had negative effects, in addition to the fact that even the special education setting was segregated. In the period 1978-1984, it was observed that African-Americans were overrepresented, especially with regard to mental retardation and emotional and behavioral disorders. It has thus been an…. [read more]

Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete Dissertation

… ¶ … Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete High School

Richard Wieringo

This case study explores the experiences of students with disabilities who have dropped out of high school, so as to identify related factors that led to their decisions. Participants will include both males and females who were designated as students with disabilities at Ridgeville High School (pseudonym for a Virginia high school) and who dropped out between their third and fourth years of high school, during the 2009 to 2012 academic school years. All participants will be between the ages of 18 and 21. The proposed research design is a phenomenological study to be conducted through the use of semi-structured interviews, journaling, and observation of the sample population, with the aim of…. [read more]

American Education System Term Paper

… American Education System

The history of education in America is founded on two basic theories. One is a religious theory or belief that its people have a "manifest destiny" to fulfill in relation to the rest of the world. This theory, which later evolved into a political and military theory, assumed the rest of the world as inferior and savage since the landing of the first pilgrims in Plymouth 19th century. The view molded their ensuing principles of education. With the inclusion of successive waves of immigrants into the colonies, the union of states established for itself a history of destiny and redemption from outside political or religious force they disapproved of.

During the colonial period, education was a means of restoring the civilization left…. [read more]

Inclusion Education Thesis

… ¶ … Inclusion

Those in favor of inclusion claim that the process benefits the special needs children, the mainstream children, the teachers and society as a whole. Those who are against inclusion use a variety of arguments that range from disruptions to the mainstream students to accusations of budget greed. This paper examines the issue of inclusion from both sides, presenting the pros and cons, as well as the research studies that have been done to support the claims on both sides.

The term "inclusion" refers to the assimilation of special needs students into the mainstream classroom. Whereas special needs students used to be separated from the other students in a school, with their own special classes and their own specialized teachers, today inclusion is…. [read more]

History of ED Theory and Philosophy in US Schools Term Paper

… Educational theory and Philosophy in U.S. schools

Educational Theory and Philosophy during 1950's

During the 1950s one of the concentrations for most of the educational theories were the existing "isms" and how they coincided with education. Some of the most common "isms" were "experimentalism," "re-constructionism" and "progressivism" and these were directly proportional to any educational analysis. However, most researchers that also took into account some of the universal theories or "isms" like "cultural relationism," "logical positivism," "pragmatism" and "transcendental realism." It was, however, in 1952 that the most innovative and fascinating piece on the relation of existentialism and education was written by Brameld along with the mutual input of a group of graduate students like Maxine Green and Robert Ennis from the dept of educational…. [read more]

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