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Sports and Gender Discrimination Term Paper

… The reasons for the gender testing are applicable but it is suggested to complete the procedure of the athletes before they enter the competition in order to minimize the burden and unfair publicity.

Cultural And Social Assessment

Feminist theory states that women will be given equal rights in sports and media however this equality doesn't exist and there exist a problem for women's full exposure in media. Masculine homogeny also fails to be maintained through media and sports.

According to Gramsci's (1971) concept of hegemony was examined with social classes. Hegemonic masculinity supports hierarchical male dominance which places women below men. Sports is considered as a primary force that cultivates hegemonic muscularity in the western societies along with negative ideals and differences of women who…. [read more]


Sports Sociology Sports Played Essay

… Often this approach assumes that socio-economic standing is based on what people can afford to do. For instance there are many sports, such as polo or even golf that require a great outlay of money in order to participate in and therefore are limited to those with higher incomes. Thus certain activities or sports are reserved for certain subsets rather than the general population. This includes attending certain sporting events. Thus, viewing or participating in certain sports reflects one's economic or social standing. In addition, most high-paid coaches tend to be white; there is an ethnic split in sports. The feminist approach extends this social conflict to gender and a micro-level approach (Eckstein et al., 2010). Sports teams need to be divided between sexes as…. [read more]


Sports Management Facilities as a Sports Events Research Paper

… Sports Management

Facilities

As a sports events organizers there is a lot of responsibility that is involved. First would be able to find out the condition of the facilities being used for the baseball game. It would be to look for the best baseball fields. It would be important to make sure that facilities and cleaned for the use and also that they are safe. For example, the benches that the fans will be sitting on have to be secure a clean it there is tall grass on the baseball field. Them it will be my job to make sure that Th baseball field is manicured. The next thing to do would be to make sure everything is prepared such as the preparation (for instance…. [read more]


Sports Shoes and Sports Clothing Market and Trends in Turkey Research Proposal

… Sports Shoes Turkey

Sports Shoes and Sports Clothing Market and Trends in Turkey

Brief History of Turkey

Turkey is an internationally recognized center for sports enthusiasm and participation. The interest in sports is culturally bound both historically and as an aspect of Turkey's general international cosmopolitan nature. This is especially true as a result of the modern emphasis on European involvement and a relatively open international but specifically western travel emphasis both to and from the nation. Aspects of western influence, but specifically UK influence are bound in the Turkish culture as a result of years of European and other allied assistance to overthrow what remained of the Ottoman Empire and collectively remove occupying forces from Greece from the nation. Turkey was in fact the…. [read more]


Sports Tourism Assessment

… Sports Tourism: Belfast, Northern Ireland

Having a sport mega event in Belfast, Northern Ireland is something that would have to be carefully considered. It may or may not work, depending on the type of the event and other factors. The best way to determine whether an event of this type would work in Belfast would be through two avenues: a SWOT analysis on the area as it pertains to a sporting event and a study of volunteerism in the area in order to determine whether it will be difficult to find enough volunteers to contribute to the event. These volunteers do not necessarily have to be fans of the sporting event, but it would be more likely that they would help out if they had…. [read more]


Sports and Social Change Essay

… Sports and Social Change

The National Football League (NFL) is changing. It has a new face, and one that everybody -- straight, lesbian, gay bi-sexual transsexual (LGBT) and queer can both recognize and respect.

There have been a number of recent developments within the NFL that show it is taking demonstrable steps to illustrate the same sort of social justice that is increasingly being reflected across America and the world at large. This past winter, NFL hopeful Michael Sams admitted he's a homosexual to a national audience including the New York Times and ESPN. A few weeks later the quarterback of the Washington Redskins, Kirk Cousins, stated that he and his teammates would welcome an openly gay player who could "help us win" (Huffington Post).…. [read more]


Sports in American History Term Paper

… However, over time, sports would become a significant arena in the battles that were against segregation and racial refinement.

The Negro National League had been discovered in 1920 by Rube Foster, and this organization was like a hub for blacks going through racism on the field. This league did survive for a while but racism in this recreation of baseball went on for a very long time. The Negro Southern League operated consecutively from 1920, usually at a lower level. Up until, until 1946 professional baseball in the United States was performed in two racially separated league organizations, both that were on each side of the so-called color line. During a lot of the time there were two high-level "Negro major leagues" that were having…. [read more]


Mega Sports Event to a Hallmark Assessment

… ¶ … Mega Sports Event to a Hallmark Sports Event: The Olympics and Wimbledon on London

Impact and Issues of a Mega and Hallmark Sporting Event

Festivals and special events are organized in destinations, places, and regions to celebrate, offer a feast, boost economy and regional cooperation. Hallmark events are large special events with limited time, lower risks of congestion, environmental degradation, and financial investment related to issues like building permanent facilities like the Wimbledon or the European Capitals of Culture (Akerlund 2008). Mega or major events are events of extraordinary significance, reputation, and scale like the Olympic Games or the World Trade fairs. The commercial and political aspects of sports have expanded into domestic and international events like the Olympics and Wimbledon sports. These…. [read more]


Success and Failure in Sport Essay

… e. due to lack of ability or lack of effort, locus of causality between causes that are external, like, a difficult task or good fortune, or between causes that are internal, like, the ability or determination, the failure or success of a performer will be understood by peers, in accordance to attribution theory (Taggar & Neubert, 2004).

In the reactions of members of the team to a play which produce low performance, a prominent role might be played by the attribution explanations or judgments accordingly. The external attributions are associated with the high conscientious poor performers. The poor performer is likely to improve or change her or his effort in the future if an attribution of low stability is made by the observers (Grove &…. [read more]


Football and Society A- Sports Term Paper

… e. The observer is looking and recording behaviors, without the notice of the subjects under observation (techniques, 2004). This type of direct field observation has kept me aloof from becoming an active participant of the game itself and has helped be to record unbiased observations. Further, this form of direct observation has suggested a more detached and separate perspective of the subjects in concern. Moreover, this form of direct observation is more focused, precised and subject-oriented than a participant observation, in which I have to become the part of the match to obtain some physical data. I am simply observing the football match and the behavior of the players than trying to become immersed in the game. This method is less time consuming and less…. [read more]


Sports Participation Character Development Opening Research Paper

… In the article, "Justplay: A revolutionary approach to youth sport administration and sportsmanship," Elaine Raakman (2006) asserts that although the potential exists for youth sport participation to build positive character traits, when society diverts its emphasis away from sportsmanship to focusing more on outcome, children as well as communities may experience negative benefits. Raakman relates the following:

The original goals of the first community-organized youth sport programs (Pop Warner Football in 1929 and Little League in 1938) revolved around the development of good citizenship and good sportsmanship. The founders of these programs were actually reiterating principles made famous by the father of the modern Olympics, Baron de Coubertin, who asserted that participation in sport could help develop engaged, balanced citizens. (Raakman, 2006, ¶ 3)

A…. [read more]


Sports and Society Term Paper

… Violence in American Sports Today

Participation in amateur athletic events has grown tremendously over the past few decades in terms of their scope, power, and economic status. In fact, in the United States alone, amateur athletics involve the lives and athletic experiences of people from their childhood through high school and college and beyond. Not surprisingly, then, high school and college sports are one of the most popular, and according to some observers, important aspects of academic life today. The camaraderie and fellowship that can emerge among sports players can last a lifetime, and practically all participants and spectators derive a great deal of entertainment from these events. The economics, too, of many high school and collegiate sporting events make these important components of the…. [read more]


Sports Management Term Paper

… This indicates that sport can be advantageous not only through involvement of people in it, but also through other types of participation and therefore recommends that the necessity for a broader evaluation of the influence on involvement and participation on sport, post games. (Literature Review: The impact of major sporting events)

The quality of service has been analyzed in the field of business management for years since the market is more competitive and marketing management has shifted its concentration from inherent performance like production to outward objectives like satisfaction and customers' perception of service quality. But the term service quality has only focused in the field of sport and recreational literature during the last twenty years. SERVQUAL that indicates the conventional disconfirmatory model was considered…. [read more]


Dynamics Shaping the Sports Media Industry Research Paper

… Sports Media

THE FUTURE of SPORTS MEDIA

The spot media is one of the sectors expected to undergo significant transformations in the future. This will influence the ways in which the society perceives the sports media and consumption of the sports information.

Sports media and competition

The sports media is expected to witness stiff competition from different media and sports organization in the future. This will shape the face of sports media globally (Westerbeek, 2004).

Issues of access and equity

Transformations in the sports media are expected to create disparities in the access to sports content. This is attributable to financial implications associated with sports media in the future (Andrews, 2001).

Media involvement in changing the shape of the sports media

The media will be…. [read more]


Sport as a Medium Term Paper

… Sport as a Medium

Underprivileged individuals have always had difficulties integrating and poverty is among the main reasons for which some were not able to have access to sport. Poverty has a series of damaging effects in the individual, as he or she is neglected in several instances, ranging from the political assistance they receive to their social status.

Some of the factors responsible for excluding people from sport are: access, gender, location, facilities, and age. While numerous individuals prefer to compare themselves to some of the most privileged when considering their social statue, they should focus on comparing themselves to people who live reasonably and who do not excel in any particular way. Poverty becomes aggravating when the next-door individuals are wealthier and can…. [read more]


Australian Sports Law Fair Play Essay

… It is also likely for those behind anti-siphoning laws to fall victim themselves in their effort to maximize returns. And the government is also quite likely to yield to political influence and commercial forces sooner, not later (Sutton).

Protecting Children's Rights in Sports

Sports is not only a popular activity among the young, especially children, but also beneficial to their overall welfare and development (Farstad, 2004). However, their involvement in it presents risks of violation to their human and legal rights. Children who engage or get involved in elite sports are as a special risk. These sports require organized intensive training, which starts at an early age. Minimal or no protection is currently available to young people engaging in sports such as these (Farstad).

Legal…. [read more]


Sport Psychology the Evolution Research Paper

… There were no significant differences in perceived psychological well-being among the sports groups themselves." (Edwards & Edwards, p. 9)

Paradigm Shifts:

The increased emphasis on mood regulation and other methods of self-directed emotional control is evidence of a general paradigm shift in the way that sports psychology is pursued. This is to be expected the text by Johnson (2006) indicates given the relative newness of the field in general and the continued advancement in the discourse on cognitive psychology as a discipline. For many paractitioners in the field, this would contribute to a merging of the theoretical and the functional as the field evolved. According to Johnson, "in the mid '90s, expectations about the future of sport psychology were diverse. While some researchers claimed that…. [read more]


Feminism How Sports Reproduce Research Paper

… For instance, it is easy to realize that all sexual orientations can engage in one sporting event like playing rugby, soccer, and/or football (Brace-Govan, 2010).

Racial norms

Sporting activities have emerged and cut on racial lines. The world soccer slogan is directed at eradicating cases of racial differences and negative perceptions that have been generated because of such differences. For instance, sporting activities have changed the phase of the world in regards to seeing different races in the world. The world soccer has staged enough fights in trying to eradicate cases of racism in sport. For instance, the UEFA champion's league is one of the global soccer events that try to kick racism out of soccer in the world. The notion behind the slogan used…. [read more]


Sports and Steroids Thesis

… Sports and Steroids

Steroids and Their Effects

Steroids or anabolic steroids are drugs containing hormones or similar substances, which are used to increase strength and grow muscles (Donald & Talmadge 1998). When first developed in Europe in the 30s, they were used to treat under-nourished patients and induce their healing after surgery. It was in the 50s that competitive weightlifters discovered steroids to improve athletic performance. Athletes of other sports took after them, so that gradually, at least one out of15 male high school seniors in the U.S. has used the drugs. Some of them just want to increase strength and size, while others want to grow up faster to catch up with peers. Anabolic steroids can be bought over the counter in some countries,…. [read more]


Sport Psychology Most Forms of Games Require Term Paper

… Sport Psychology

Most forms of games require not only physical skills but also a very strong mental capacity and these include golf, tennis and skating. According to the view of most coaches, sports are 90% mental and 10% physical. This is very important in athletics where even a difference of a hundredth or a tenth of a second can be the difference between champions and ordinary athletes. The requirement of an extra edge is very important. Thus many psychological techniques are being used by athletes to take them up to the next level. There are uses of imagery in solving different problems in sports is in mental practice of particular performing skills, enhancing confidence and encouraging positive thinking, solving problems, having control over arousal and…. [read more]


Sport Management Term Paper

… Sport Management

Regardless of the field or industry involved, different management styles prevail across the nation. In sports however, the management style can mean the difference between a championship team and a team that becomes a constant joke among everyone except the fans.

One study examined the management style of college sports coaches and what they do and don't do to motivate their players.

The article begins by admitting that there is not much information available about how coaches use their management techniques to motivate their players, at least the teams through the National Collegiate Athletic Association (Morrison, 1999).

The article was founded in the desire to initiate and describe the motivational factors of the group of coaches and create a measurement for different management…. [read more]


Social Psychology Social Influence Term Paper

… Social Psychology

EXERCISE & CONFORMITY: When I first came on the job, residents were either in their own rooms watching television or napping; or, they were lazily plopped in front of the large-screen TV in the main leisure room. The social influence that worked well initially was conformity. I located the two people (a man and a woman) I believed were most likely to enjoy physical activity, and took them on a slow walk around the garden area. Each day we invited the others to go with us, and each day one or more additional seniors willingly joined along with us. The walks increased to two-a-day (morning and evening), and they also increased in speed.

EXERCISE, COMPLIANCE & OBEDIENCE: By the end of three weeks,…. [read more]


Media Misrepresent Women? Essay

… In essence, women end up seeing themselves as mere sex objects. In some other instances, a woman's ego and self-esteem can be negatively affected.

Misrepresentation of women in the media has many negative effects. Key amongst these is the resulting real world misconception of women. To rein in the said misrepresentation, we must all be prepared to make the relevant changes in areas that matter. On this front, people could start by boycotting all the publications and other media products that in one way or the other objectify women and instead patronize those that do not. Klenke on the other hand recommends that women reject jobs that degrade them (126). Further, it pays to put more women in charge. In my opinion, should more women…. [read more]


College Athletics Thesis

… This behavior is destructive and normally results into early ending of the career of the athlete as well as the damage to the image of college. Thus it is recommended that the athlete should be allowed to live in budget that is already too attractive in America. Increasing the payments would be a burden on college while decreasing the payments would mean losing athletes in colleges.

Conclusion

The college athletes often find themselves riding two boats at a time. They are getting education for their better education as well as playing commercial athletics as a profession and career. While this can cost loss of focus to the athletes as a disadvantage, some think double participation in education and sports for the college should earn twice…. [read more]


Racism in Australian Sports History Essay

… The Girri Girii Sport Academy enters the academy with high self-efficacy. Generally it has been believed that students with positive-identity are possibly to be associated with the success of the school and in order for the school to attain a positive self-identity then the students have no option except perceiving value in schooling.

According to (Craven, 1989)), the aspiration of evaluated Indigenous students as well as the results based on the self-concept indicates that of course indigenous students do have lower self-concept as derived from the academic facets of self-concept. Other researchers have associated identity to vocational education and illustrate that individuals tend to connect to the practices of their communities by valuing place and its learning impacts. There suggestion is on effective programs in…. [read more]


Sports Health Sciences Soccer Essay

… Analyzing some of the statistics will help us making a firm decision regarding this debate. Soccer is starting to gain popularity and develop interest in the citizens of United States. Moreover, Americans are looking for opportunities to improve the economy henceforth taking into consideration hosting a mage sports event. This can be a way of generating jobs for many and enhancing the tourism industry of United States. Economic state of the country is in need of some change in order to create more job opportunities which will give boost to the economy of the United States. AECOM is one of the famous reporting agencies which is currently working on generating reports to analyze the benefits of hosting World cup in United States. (Dennis, n.d.)

According…. [read more]


Supplements in Sports Term Paper

… Sports Business and Ethics Issues

The Use Of Supplements

ethics - theoretical framework

ETHICS - DIFFERENTIATION AMONG THEORISTS

RESPONSBILITY OF EDUCATORS AND COACHES OF ATHLETES

SPORTS Business AND ETHICS ISSUES

THE USE OF SUPPLEMENTS

The objective of this work is to research the issue of the use of supplements by athletes and how society views and deals with this issue including the moral theories and implications of this issue. This work will finally explain this stand on this issue and why it is morally defensible under "The Golden Rule" principle or the principle of (Life, Goodness, Justice, Honesty and Freedom)

The use of supplements by sports athletes is a highly controversial subject and one that Tommy Boone, Professor and Chair of the college located in…. [read more]


Sport Term Paper

… Oriard relates the "initiation" ritual almost verbatim to accounts of tribal initiation rites of passage for entrance into manhood. He parallels the ritual meals, tribal chief, high priest and ancient heros of primitive initiations to manhood with the structured diet, team captain, team doctor, and former players of a football season's "rite of kinship." (Oriard 1993, p. 199) He notes a passage from J.H. Sears, a former Harvard football player, who detailed his football experience in terms which could almost exactly be derived from a primitive, tribal rite of passage:

The "new boy," a friendless freshman who responds to the call for candidates at the beginning of the fall...quickly discovers in the earliest practices that even the simplest drills are more difficult than they appear,…. [read more]


Sports Have Graduated Term Paper

… Sports must be recognized as the big money industry it is; it cannot hide forever behind the mask of fair play and cheap entertainment. Sport "is a commercialized amusement business." (Tygiel, 109).

The social consequences of this history of sports are rather powerful. Essentially, the lessons that were inherent to the original conceptions of sports -- fair play, competition, learning of skills -- have been replaced with the necessity to win. This trend stretches down from professional sports to grade school. Because sports are seen as a path by which to achieve the dream of economic freedom, parents and coaches continually push children to win at all costs. Steroid use is one visible consequence of this more broad social trend: "High school students easily obtain…. [read more]


Sports Like NFL and NBA and American Popular Culture Annotated Bibliography

… The famous baseball author Roger Kahn noted that Reese didn't say anything but the racists were silenced immediately as Robinsontold Kahn (Ruiz, 2013; Lee, 2012). After 27 years Robinson wore the Brooklyn Dodger uniform, Hank Aaron surpassed Babe Ruth's career home run record (playing with Atlanta Braves). Vin Scully a prominent Dodger play-by-play broadcaster noted on the night of 715th career home run, 'the crowd is giving a standing ovation to a black player for breaking the record in the Deep South of an all-time baseball legend (Hollander, 2014; Lee, 2012).

Sports have played a huge role in the American society on the whole as they have become a necessary part of the popular culture. American football is quite a popular game which brings NFL…. [read more]

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