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Statistics Anxiety and Graduate Students Term Paper

… STATISTICS ANXIETY and graduate students in the social sciences

Many graduate students in the social sciences need to take statistics as part of the academic training, but these students often do not necessarily have backgrounds in statistics or mathematics from their undergraduate degree or other graduate training. In the classrooms, statistics anxiety is noticeably prevalent among graduate students whose academic background has little statistical training. According to Onwuegbuzie. Slate, Paterson, Watson, and Schwartz (2000), 75% to 80% of graduate students appear to experience uncomfortable levels of statistics anxiety. As a result, conducting statistics is often rated as the lowest skill in terms of academic competence (Huntley, Schneider, and Aronson, 2000).

Statistics anxiety has been defined simply as anxiety that occurs as a result of encountering…. [read more]

Anxiety in Masters Students in Counselor Education Programs Term Paper

… Anxiety in Masters Students in Counselor Education Programs

The Counseling Education programs are "designed to train counseling graduate students by allowing them to enhance their knowledge of counseling theory and techniques through direct client interaction, observation, and professional consultation. Counseling services are provided to student volunteers and are conducted under the supervision of faculty members. Counseling sessions may address personal difficulties, enhance personal development, and explore educational or vocational interests. More specific topics with which counselor-trainees may want to be familiar with are: interpersonal and roommate relationship issues, self-esteem, grief issues, and study skills/test taking skills" (Counseling Laboratory Manual, 2005).

Like all important steps we take in life, a Counseling Education program for Master students can develop situations that are causing a more or less…. [read more]

Anxiety Disorders Thesis

… ¶ … anxiety disorders have been increasingly cited by healthcare practitioners as being one of the most serious health problems, exceeding even physical medical conditions, facing adolescents and young adults in the United States. The purpose of this study was to provide a critical review of the relevant peer-reviewed literature concerning anxiety disorders among adolescents and young adults in general and in the United States in particular to determine its prevalence, diagnosis, treatment and implications for clinicians and to apply these findings to an individual case of anxiety disorder in an adolescent client. Although anxiety is a natural human emotion that affects everyone from time to time, for most people the condition is temporary and resolves itself in short order. In some others, though, anxiety…. [read more]

Government Subsidized Student Loans Thesis

… Higher education is taken to be a safeguard against unemployment with statistics indicating that unemployment among university graduates was 4.4% whereas for people who had not completed secondary school, unemployment was near 11.5%. (The Economist, 2011)

Although the phenomenon, with the state supporting education may sound ideal, and other emerging countries too might try to emulate the model in an effort to bring their economies up to par, several contrary view points have been voiced by critics that question the economic and political feasibility of the subsidized student loans.

Foremost is the startling figure of $1 trillion worth of outstanding student loans. Secondly there are arguments that this loan is for students who have already completed their studies and hence subsidizing it further will not…. [read more]

Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete Dissertation

… ¶ … Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete High School

Richard Wieringo

This case study explores the experiences of students with disabilities who have dropped out of high school, so as to identify related factors that led to their decisions. Participants will include both males and females who were designated as students with disabilities at Ridgeville High School (pseudonym for a Virginia high school) and who dropped out between their third and fourth years of high school, during the 2009 to 2012 academic school years. All participants will be between the ages of 18 and 21. The proposed research design is a phenomenological study to be conducted through the use of semi-structured interviews, journaling, and observation of the sample population, with the aim of…. [read more]

Fear and Impact Research Proposal

… ¶ … Fear and Impact on the Student's Grades

Examination Phobia.

Causes and Effects of Examination Phobia.

Measures to curtail examination phobia.

101.9 Limitations and Delimitations of the Study

Review of the Literature

173.1 Methods of collecting data.

Methods of analyzing data.

The paper below presents the research proposal for research conducted on the major issue of examination phobia faced by undergraduate students. This study is focused on identifying the reasons for examination phobia faced by students, the results (especially declining academic performance of the students) and the methods of reducing or curing the examination phobia.

The paper (research proposal) is divided into three major sections. Section one gives the introduction and background of the topic, clearly setting and explaining the term examination phobia and…. [read more]

High School Sports Impact on Student Academics Thesis

… But the NCAA reserves the right to overrule principals' decisions. The NCAA's modest response followed meetings with national education groups, including AASA. The Minnesota Association of School Administrators has submitted to AASA for consideration a resolution that states it is not the NCAA's role to dictate course content to high schools.

The U.S. Department of Justice also has challenged the NCAA for automatically rejecting courses involving special education services. Some students who had attained acceptable college entrance test scores despite their disability were not allowed to participate as freshmen because they had taken high school courses involving special education assistance. The NCAA argued in several court cases that it does not have to follow the Americans with Disabilities Act. After months of…. [read more]

Learning Styles and Student Achievement Term Paper

… Learning Styles and Student Achievement

According to William Watson Purkey and John M. Novak, in order to teach a student, you have to be able to reach the student. They do not mean 'reach' in the physical sense, as in touching the student, but rather making a mental or emotional connection between the teacher and the student (Purkey, 1984).

Opening up to students is very important for teachers. While it is obviously not appropriate for a teacher to confide intimate personal details to the class, or gossip about others to try to be more accepted, there are ways that a teacher can seem more 'real' to the students. For example, crying over something very sad or letting the students know when the teacher is getting…. [read more]

U.K University Students Term Paper

… American students take out larger loans than anybody else in the nation. The number of loans taken out rose from 5.1 million to 9.4 million with an increase from $3,186 to $4,041 due to a decrease in student grant.

The United States and the Uk have students' who fail to understand the long-term effects of these huge incurring debts because they feel they can pay them back once they star working full time after graduation. This problem is not just persistent in the U.S. And the UK but also plagues students in Scotland, New Zealand and Australia.

We also interviewed one of our academics of how he felt about student debt he said:

worry about the students, because of the money

I am ten years…. [read more]

Reduction of Prejudice the Contact Research Paper

… There has been an increasing interest in the use of imagery in reducing prejudice. Turner, Crisp & Lambert (2007) proposed that even imagining intergroup contact may have beneficial effects on intergroup attitudes. In three experiments, they demonstrated that thinking about contact with members of an outgroup improved attitudes toward the outgroup as a whole and reduced perceptions of outgroup homogeneity (that members of the outgroup all share the same undesirable traits). In two of their experiments participants were asked to imagine a conversation with an elderly person and in a third experiment participants imagined they were sitting next to a homosexual person in the train and conversing with them until they reached their stop. Under all three contact conditions participants reported significantly less intergroup anxiety…. [read more]

Student Body Size on School Term Paper

… Where the more graduating seniors that enter college after graduation is a recognized factor of the success of both the individual student and the school from which he or she came. Though college attendance rates have long been a tool used to asses the success of programs supporting or dealing with large numbers of students at risk fro academic failure it is also a good indicator of the general success of a school. (Fashola, & Slavin 1998)

It was recognized twenty years ago that there is not enough evidence to suggest that consolidating schools is a good idea, "There is no strong empirical base to support the assumptions and assertions of school and district consolidation advocates. This article reviews and analyzes this body of evidence…. [read more]

Group Counseling as an Alternative for the Prevention of Academic Failure Among Middle School Students Thesis

… ¶ … Justification for the Research

Page 8 Chapter Two / Historical Background of Counseling

Page 9 Historical Background of Group Counseling

Page 11 ASCA Description of Counselor's Duties

Page 12 Review of Literature / Role of Parents & Counselors

Page 15 Group Counseling -- Positive Results

Page 18 Group Counseling -- Students Motivated to Succeed

Page 19 Service Learning -- Helping Others

Page 21 Counselors Kick-Starting Girls' Interest in Math

Page 22 Counselors & Student Successes

Page 24 Dynamics of Leadership

Page 30 Survival Guide for Middle School Counselors

Page 33 Humanizing the Process for Adolescents

Page 36 Chapter Two Conclusion

Page 37 Chapter Three Methodology

Page 37 Chapter Four Discussion and Conclusions

Page 38 Conclusion -- Florida Dropout Issues

Page 40 Discussion

Page…. [read more]

Career Course Term Paper

… Student retention has long been a concern for colleges and universities. In 1924, W.S. Brooks' article, "Who Can Succeed in College," admonished "college men" for "this wholesale dropping of students." The high school students graduate with high aspirations and then are massed at registration and crowded into classes. After four months, the college sends hundreds of them home -- disgraced and "branded as failures." They start a second choice of activity, but with a feeling of personal failure.

Since these challenges by Brooks, the national rate of student departure from colleges and universities across the U.S. has remained constant at approximately 45% (Tinto, 1982). In addition, Tinto (1993, p. 82) approximates that academic dismissals account for 15 to 25% of these departures. The present track…. [read more]

Education the Affects of Block Term Paper

… The teacher must teach approximately one hundred fifty students and then monitor and grade work that has been assigned. Time is to short for teachers to foster an efficient instructional environment and is inadequate to allow enough time for "probing ideas in depth."

Individualization of instruction and interpersonal interaction between students and teachers is practically overlooked within a traditional school day schedule. This frantic schedule is unlike any other that is ever experienced again after high school.

There are a number of significant benefits that support the change from a traditional to a block schedule. Students learning styles are different, they learn at different rates in different subjects. Reallocating instructional time can help teachers accommodate these differences and this, ultimately, can lead to higher student…. [read more]

Left Prefrontal Cortex: Hobbies and Serenity Term Paper

… Left Prefrontal Cortex: Hobbies and Serenity -- is There a Connection?


Over the past 40 years, brain imagery of the left prefrontal cortex region (LPFC) indicates a positive association between attention and serenity. Inferences, therefore, seem to be that the greater the amount of attention dedicated to a hobby, the greater the amount of serenity the individual possesses. Although Csikszentmihalyi has conducted research on 'flow' and shown that that significant correlation exists between focus and serenity, little if any research seems to exist on the connection between hobbies and serenity. This essay seeks to fill that lacuna.

The Left Prefrontal Cortex

Scientists have been intrigued by the LPFC. Implicated in significant components of psychological well being, researchers have recommended engaging in behaviors…. [read more]

Gaming as an Instructional Strategy in Nursing Education Term Paper

… Gaming as an Instructional Strategy to Enhance Baccalaureate Nursing Students' Learning

Nurse educators play a key role in preparing a future workforce of nurses to provide quality care that meets the health care needs of the population (the National League of Nursing [NLN], 2002). Nurse educators are responsible for facilitating student learning and evaluating outcomes. In 2003, the NLN stated that nursing curricula needed to be evidence-based, receptive to the needs of students, flexible, and incorporate current technology. To better meet the needs of today's students, an educator must become familiar with the characteristics and ways of preferred learning of today's learner. Recently, the NLN (2006) identified 72.1% of baccalaureate nursing students being comprised of the millennial or net generation. The millennial student was born…. [read more]

Juvenile Delinquency Crime Statistics Term Paper

… " (Winters)

Another major reason for the rise in juvenile delinquency can be attributed to drug and alcohol usage among America's youth. "Behaviors indicative of delinquency include, but are not restricted to, assault, vandalism, theft, and drug and alcohol use. Juvenile delinquency and its related behaviors correspond to the RBPC Conduct Disorder and Socialized Aggression subscales. And in fact, post hoc tests revealed significant differences between the means on these two subscales for LD and ND substance users. The lack of differences in alcohol use between these two groups may simply reflect society's acceptance of alcohol among the general population." (Irvin & Maag, 1993). Contrary to numerous other studies, self-esteem and specific behavior problems were not strongly related to substance use. One plausible explanation for…. [read more]

Incentives and Performance Kopelman, R Research Paper

… In order these include: faith in people, charismatic leadership, working through family conflict, movies and television, and then reading as part of their continuum scale. Interestingly, most were not overly motivated by fiscal means, after a certain level of expectations and comfort was achieved.

All in all, the study is robust, understandable, and in general appropriate for the audience and topic. The authors realized that more work needs to be done; there are some holes in the study. For instance, do work groups that have managers who score higher in the XY range engender certain behaviors that become part of that group's culture? Or, is it the managerial assumptions that tend to synthesize the group into further generalizations on the continuum? Whatever the case, the…. [read more]

Academic Performance of Arab Muslim Students Thesis

… A cross-sectional survey is a type of observational study that allows participants to answer without interference from the researcher (Donahue & Benuto, 2013).

By giving the students a form, there is limited to no interference by the researcher concerning the participants' answers. This is at the core of observational studies. "Observational studies can provide evidence relevant to the understanding of the effectiveness of an adolescent health intervention. This generally occurs not through automatic use of complex statistics, but instead through a careful analysis and understanding of potential alternative explanations" (Donahue & Benuto, 2013, p. 305). The main purpose of observational studies is to give a deeper understanding through collection of data (mainly qualitative). Students of Arab descent selected from grades 8 and…. [read more]

Vinoba Vhabe Vinoba Bhave Thesis

… The constructive work agencies established under the supervision of Gandhi united to form Sarva Seva Sangh. This society was meant for the Service of All. Sarva Seva Sangh became the central part of Sarvodaya Movement and the main organization that worked for broad social change along Gandhian lines (Shepard, 1987, p. 13). In due course, the membership of Sarva Seva Sangh reached around 7,000 which made the organization the country's largest nonpolitical and non-church private organization. People started to see Vinoba as probable heir to Gandhi. However, he didn't want himself to be a leader. His preference was to spend a quiet time in his ashram where he could experience total self-sufficiency along with his close followers (Shepard, 1987, p. 14).

Bhoodan (Land-Gift) Movement

With…. [read more]

Burnout and Technical College Counselors Research Proposal

… Burnout and Technical College Counselors

This research proposal outlines the background, theoretical and research foundations, as well as the methodological framework, of a study that will investigate the prevalence of burnout in counselors within the sixteen (16) colleges in the Wisconsin Technical College System (WTCS). The construct of burnout for the purposes of this study is defined as emotional exhaustion, depersonalization or cynicism and inefficacy of a counselor. While all professions have some level of stress involved, the research quickly emphasizes that school counselors in general and those at 2-year institutions tend to experience inordinately high levels of work-related stress that may contribute to a higher incidence of burnout. This research suggests that there is a distinct difference between counselor burnout as a function of…. [read more]

Therapeutic Massage on Elderly Term Paper

… Geriatric massage is a form of massage designed to meet the specific needs of the elderly population. It involves the use of hands to manipulate the soft tissues of the body to improve blood circulation, relieve pain, and increase range of motion. Active or passive movement of the joints may also be part of geriatric massage (Tran, 2003).


To summarize this review of the literature, there are many consequences of the death of a spouse for which the newly widowed should prepare themselves. The most threatening and the ones with the most potential for harm are depression and loneliness. The loneliness was defined as needing a companion for everyday activities as well as just being there (Parkes, 1998). Hence, the hunger a widow feels…. [read more]

Domestic Violence and Hispanic Women Research Paper

… Evidence-Based Practice Protocol: Domestic Violence and Hispanic Women

Evidence-based Practice

Domestic violence (DV) accounts for about 30% of all acute injuries to women treated in emergency departments, as it currently constitutes a critical public health concern, not only in the United States (U.S.), but worldwide. Some studies indicate that Hispanic women are more likely to be injured during intimate partner violence incidents than non-Hispanic women, with scholars agreeing that DV among Latinos must be addressed as it constitutes a serious problem among the Latino growing population.

Research reveals that utilizing emergency room protocols to identify and treat victims of domestic violence increases the identification of victims by medical practitioners. Although a high percentage of female victims of domestic violence visit emergency rooms for treatment, low…. [read more]

Adults With Learning Disabilities Term Paper

… 58). Many people with LD have succeeded in the workplace, often as entrepreneurs, and recent legislation is intended to ease the process of disclosing a disability and obtaining on-the-job accommodations (Brown and Gerber 1994). Adults with LD are employed at the same rate as those with out disabilities, but many are underemployed in part-time, entry-level, minimum-wage jobs (Blackorby and Wagner

1997). Like other workers, people with LD must cope with workplace changes such as teamwork, productivity and skill demands, and technological advances (Brown and Gerber 1994).

In some of the literature (Kerka, 2002)3, on-the-job problems are framed in terms of individual deficits: persons with LD are said to encounter difficulties in establishing routines and processing information correctly (Ohler, Levinson, and Barker 1996); often exhibit low…. [read more]

Adult Children of Alcoholic Parents Term Paper

… In his Adult Children of Alcoholics, Steve Frisch, a mental health professional clinical psychologist, indicates the following as a statement from an adult child of alcoholic parents.

We have feelings of low self-esteem that cause us to judge ourselves and others without mercy. We cover up or compensate by trying to be perfect, take responsibility for others, attempt to control the outcome of unpredictable events, get angry when things don't go our way, or gossip instead of confronting an issue.

In peer relationships, some adult children of alcoholics try to become the consultant of problems. Others, on the other hand, try to hide their family's situations by not allowing friends to come over or visit in the house. Denial of problems often becomes the peer…. [read more]

Devised it Has to Be Distilled" Raymond Thesis

… ¶ … Devised;

it has to be distilled"

Raymond Chandler (1888 -- 1959)

(Columbia World, 1996).

Methodology's Primary Purpose

The research methodology constitutes a paradigm or theory that relates how the researcher approaches his/her study, as well as how he/she undertakes the research effort. In the study, "Using the 'power of the data' within indigenous research practice," Maggie Walter (2005), a lecturer in sociology at the University of Tasmania, explains that methodology, albeit, differs from method. Method compliments the methodology as it consists of the techniques; the means and procedures the researcher utilizes. As methodology traditionally recounts the specific course of action the researcher utilizes to complete the research project, its primary purpose purports to denote how the research materialized, as well as what the…. [read more]

Enright's Forgiveness Therapy on the Success Research Proposal

… ¶ … Enright's Forgiveness Therapy on the Success of marriages of Couples Ages 18-34 After Infidelity

Forgiveness is hard thing to achieve in full honesty. Yet, it is an important step in moving past an act of infidelity or other injury. Thus, the following proposal explores the previous research involved with Enright's forgiveness process model and how it is applied to various population groups who have had to deal with emotional injuries. It then moves on to explore the need to study Enright's model within young married couples who have had to deal with a recent infidelity within the context of their marriage. It outlines specific stages which counselors will then determine if the couple has moved passed based on a sliding scale to provide…. [read more]

Business Research Paper

… Filled with outrage, she said, 'It's terrible what you are doing to these boys!' Out of 50 or more outsiders who had seen our prison, she was the only one who ever questioned its morality." When she said that she had seen a side of Zimbardo that was not very appealing and now wondered whether she wanted to have any relationship with him at all, he decided that the time had come to end the experiment. He had become so adjusted to his role as 'administrator' and to the routine degradation and brutality of the 'prison' that he no longer noticed it. Maslach and Zimbardo were married a year after the Stanford experiment.

Ethical concerns:

1) Using the ASCA and/or APA Code of Ethics, discuss…. [read more]

Sales Persuading the Next Generation of Workers Thesis

… Sales

Persuading the next generation of workers to persuade: Why a sales job is an ideal first job for a recent graduate

"Sell, sell, sell." From the moment a student leaves his or her university, a young graduate is faced with the need to constantly sell him or herself -- like it or not! He or she is selling his or her credentials to prospective employers, trying to make the most persuasive case for the uniqueness of his or her talents, education, experience, and potential. For a job seeker in the corporate world, he or she should "start by gathering as much information" as possible about the company, "its management, and most importantly, its product line -- not just the products in the current marketplace,…. [read more]

Foster Children/Foster Care Issues Term Paper

… Beginning in the 1960s, the numbers of reports of child abuse and neglect grew dramatically -- from ten thousand in 1962 (Lindsey, 1996), to almost three million in 1999 (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2001a). Consistent with legal mandates that certain professionals report suspected child maltreatment, more than half (54.7%) of the reports in 1999 were from professionals (educators, medical staff, law enforcement personnel, social services personnel, and others); the remaining reports were from relatives, friends, neighbors, and anonymous sources (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2001a). 1.8 million reports that were investigated were substantiated for child abuse or neglect (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2001a).

According to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data and the 1997 AFCARS report,…. [read more]

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