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Statistics Term Paper

… ¶ … Statistics

The intent of this study is to define both the qualitative and quantitative statistical methodologies including the development of descriptive and inferential statistics applied to the field of education overall and school counseling specifically. Each of the qualitative and quantitative approaches to statistics are also analyzed from the perspective of how best they can be applied to educational and counseling situations to best support and serve the student. The specifics of how to apply these techniques within the context of a methodological approach to completing research projects is also evaluated. Specifically focusing on the steps of research design, data collection, data analysis, and the ethics of the interpretation of research are also discussed.

Exploring Qualitative Research Methods in Education and Counseling

There…. [read more]


Fact Pattern Case Study

… ¶ … Pattern

Case Study (Fact Pattern)

Criminal activities have been on the rise in many states of the United States. To control such criminals from going unpunished in the society, the criminal system uses the aid of prison and correctional facilities. The United States of America is one of the top countries who have a very large number of criminals locked up behind bars (LENNARD, 2012). With so many prisoners in the country, it has been important for the government to categorize prisoners with minor offences with those prisoners who have committed major crimes. Therefore, the Department of Justice in the United States transfers this prison categorization task to the Federal Bureau of Prisons (Redding, 2004).

The Federal Bureau of Prisons is responsible to…. [read more]


Statistics Durbin Watson Term Paper

… Statistics -- Watson-Durbin

Analysis of Why Social Networking Played

An Influence in the 2008 Presidential Election

The 2008 Presidential election forever changed the nature of campaigning, constituent management, fund raising, while also creating an entirely different platform for managing campaigns and getting new demographic segments to participate at a level never seen before. The 2008 U.S. Presidential election was the first to rely heavily on highly interactive, agile and quickly defined social networking strategies in an attempt to get those demographic segments who had voted the least in previous elections to participate. Barak Obama concentrated on the younger demographic segments through a concerted strategy of social networking that included sites on Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, YouTube and a multitude of microsites. John McCain stayed with more…. [read more]


Identify and Report Which Were the Major Findings of the Preliminary Study Thesis

… Marketing Case Study

Funky Threads (FT) represents a trendy and distinctive brand of clothing. It has had success in North America and Western Europe. FT has a desire to expand their market into the Asian-Pacific Region, targeting Australia as its first location in the region. In conjunction with this venture, Brand Fashion Incorporated (BFI) has conducted a consumer research study to determine the potential success of marketing attempts in Australia.

The research study focused on the potential loyalty of the target market in Australia, the attractiveness of the research study, and the most attractive attributes of the brand. The final area of focus will serve as guidance for the identification and further exploration of the target market in Australia.

The survey was divided into eight…. [read more]


Groups Essay

… 5)

Of the two t-values -2.50 and -2.54, -2.54 would have the smaller p value. |-2.54| > |-2.50|, therefore the difference indicated by a t-statistic of -2.54 is greater than the difference indicated by a t-statistic of -2.50. The greater the difference, the smaller the p value, and the higher the probability that the observed difference is significant (roughly speaking).

6)

A Type I error is an error in which the null hypothesis -- in t-test scenarios, that there is no significant difference between the two tested groups on the tested metric -- is falsely rejected for the alternative hypothesis -- in t-test scenarios, that there is a significant difference. This study certainly has the potential for Type I errors; any t-test runs some risk…. [read more]


Bio-Statistics Research Activities, Whether Clinical Term Paper

… In other words, the authors did not build a medical or healthcare-based paradigm for the study. Following a well-defined research question the research investigators' task is to follow-up with a statement of a testable null hypothesis or hypotheses. The null form of the hypothesis is required in order for the proper application of a statistical data analysis tool to be implemented (Ohlson, 1998). Simply stating that an attempt to "confer" that an insulin deficiency might or might not affirm a "predisposition to complications" is not adhering to proper scientific research protocol with respect to a needed testable null hypothesis (Van Dalen, 1964).

Another important criteria of effective research are the use of an appropriate sampling procedure. Sampling alone can skew testing results, infuse uncontrollable error…. [read more]


Ethical Leadership Describe Each Study Article Critique

… Ethical Leadership

Describe Each Study

There are some articles that deal with organizational ethical values and the leadership values. These articles are based on research and studies conducted in different areas of the world to find if there is a role of ethical leadership in productivity of organizations. There are many other positive effects of implementing organizational and leadership ethics in a corporation. Following is a brief analysis of each of the five given articles to find what each article studies and what did it find.

The Influence of Supervisory Behavioral Integrity on Intent to Comply with Organizational Ethical Standards and Organizational Commitment

Janie Harden Fritz, Naomi Bell O'Neil, Ann Marie Popp, Cory Williams, Ronald C. Arnett

The research problem, questions, or hypotheses: The research…. [read more]


Interdisciplinary Studies -- Academic Disciplines Research Paper

… d.).

Sub-Fields Within the Women's Studies Discipline

ASU's Women's Studies area strives to be easily combined with other Majors, Minors and study fields. Consequently, its subfields are including gender, health, sexuality, science and technology, work, globalization, ecology, social policy, violence prevention, media, film, performance and the arts (School of Social Transformation, n.d.). The specifically named subfields include: Culture; Economics; Film; History; Literature; Politics; and Science. In addition, students are offered the opportunities for internships in: Business; Government; and Nonprofit organizations (School of Social Transformation, n.d.). The extensive fields addressed by Women's Studies and consciously interdisciplinary approach provide graduates with opportunities to apply Women's Studies in careers fields such as education, law, government, business and the nonprofit sector.

Conclusion

Both Communications Studies and Women's Studies are…. [read more]


Dell and Business Case Study

… Recommendations

My recommendations to Michael Dell are to invest more in research and creating new products. I would also recommend that Dell continues to conduct market research, gathering information about the competitors and the customers, to make changes in their product and services. Giant technology corporations are expected to keep up sales in 2011; however the instability in the economy in the United States and in Europe could prevent sales growth. Companies must continue to differentiate themselves to ensure growth (Reuters, 2011). I would recommend that Michael Dell immerse in marketing on social media websites, this is a low cost method of marketing and it can reach a wide range of customers. This strategy will help Dell to overtake Hewitt Packard. In 2010 Facebook reported…. [read more]


Acu San Case Study

… Acu San Case Study

The Situation a) Kelly Thomson

Kelly believes that the company and namely his software department is incapable of properly processing the amount of work with which they are being tasked. He bases his assumption on the sound arguments of insufficient personnel, large amount of work and tight deadlines.

While being pressured to design several prototypes for the new product and in the same time maintain the good quality of the old ones, Kelly believes that he would only be capable of designing a single feature for the product.

Kelly believes that the former success of the retinal scan was only due to sufficient time and resources to develop it. Behind this assumption lays the sound argument of previous experience and professional…. [read more]


Colgate-Palmolive Colgate-Palmolive Company Case Study

… The second option is to position the Precision as a mainstream, professional product. This strategy is expected to deliver a 41% volume share and 42% value share and 80% of the sales will be generated through dentists and also through drug stores and supermarkets. This strategy appeals to the issue of convenience and quality at a competitive price, a key buying criterion for the mainstream market (Othman, Yap, 2011). This strategy is expected to generate a far greater level of market share, netting out 10% in sales by 1993, growing to 14.7% in 1994. It will also result in a lower average retail price of between $1.59 and $2.09 and a factory price of $1.85, compared to the premium market positioning which will generates $2.13…. [read more]


Study of Greece Term Paper

… There are also laws present to govern the monopoly power and it is the government that has the power to set a ceiling price on products. Hellenic Competition Commission has to be told about the cartels as it is the one that oversees arrangements of such sort.

The right to own and establish business enterprises lies with the domestic as well as foreign entities. They can take part in all kinds of remunerative activities such as acquire, establish or even dispose of their businesses. With regards to the access to various business operations and business markets the private enterprises enjoy the same criteria as the public enterprises. It is only when an investor wants to benefit from the investments/tax incentives that are provided by the…. [read more]


Organizational Commitment Study of White-Collar, Seasonal Contingent Research Proposal

… Organizational Commitment

Study of White-Collar, Seasonal Contingent Worker's Organizational Commitment within a Wholly (99%) Seasonal Environment

The past several decades have witnessed a number of fundamental transformations in the American workforce, including an increased number of non-traditional workers such as contingent workers (Mayfield & Mayfield, 2007). These types of nontraditional employment arrangement can provide a number of advantages for companies because they offer more cost-effective and flexible staffing arrangements, and have been shown to improve employee morale and the retention of high quality employees who prefer nonstandard work hours (Mayfield & Mayfield). According to these authors, in spite of the increasing reliance on contingent and other nontraditional workers, there remains a dearth of research concerning relevant best practices in motivating these workers. Consequently, a number…. [read more]


Statistics in Every Aspect and Concept Term Paper

… ¶ … Statistics

In every aspect and concept of non-fictional writing and literature there exists a potential for inaccurate or misleading information that may hinder the objective or desired attainment outlined within their contexts. With this existent potential, it is imperative to regard non-fictional literature for its credibility in the use of common and available research methods, which validate the extent of its reasoning and overall accuracy.

Common and available research methods are as abundant as literature itself, though a similarity of function lies within each directive. In the classification of school counseling literature, such as periodicals, outlines, articles, and other informative writing, much the same is applied. Within this report, the context of all such will be detailed according to their prevalence and gestured…. [read more]


Human Trafficking: An Ethnographic Study Essay

… Subquestions include why men vs. women are trafficked in some situations vs. others; and why some cultures are more prone to being source cultures, and others more prone to being destination cultures. Finally, is poverty the primary sociological factor that gives rise to human trafficking? What social norms are at play that make it possible for human trafficking to take place? Finally, the research question ultimately seeks a solution to the problem.

Theoretical or Conceptual Framework

The theoretical and conceptual frameworks for this research are sociological in nature. Rational choice and demand theory are two of the most important and applicable theories in this ethnography of human trafficking. In addition to rational choice and demand theory, conflict theory will also be integrated into the research.…. [read more]


Function of This Study Is to Investigate Term Paper

… ¶ … function of this study is to investigate the correlation between the frequency of corporal punishment and the students' grade level, gender, and rural vs. urban schools. Current literature examines the aforementioned correlations in other parts of the world, but no such literature exists for Taiwan. The outcomes of this study may become catalysts for policies and advocacy programs that diminish the corporal punishment of students by teachers in Taiwan.

The data necessary for this study has been gathered by various organizations in Taiwan over the years, but little has been done to analyze the data further so that a more comprehensive understanding of the corporal punishment of students can take place. The current study is based on secondary data analysis of available data…. [read more]


Honig v. Doe, 484 U.S Case Study

… The specific goal of the legislation was to make sure that the default position was to protect the child, not to protect the school district, which had been the prior position. School districts were allowed to exclude children for their own reasons, which did not protect the children's rights to an education. One of the goals of the EHA was that parents would not have to seek judicial recourse to protect their children pending outcomes.

It is important to realize that the Congressional intent and legislative history simply does not support any exceptions to the stay put provisions, even in the case of students who are violent or otherwise pose a danger to the other students. This is probably due to the fact that these…. [read more]


Role of Research and Statistics Essay

… Role of Research and Statistics in the Field of Psychology

Research is the study of a particular field or phenomenon with the intent of learning something new, either from the perspective of the individual doing the research (like a student doing a term paper) or a researcher using the scientific method to answer an open-ended question still perplexing the scientific community, such as the best way to treat various types of cancer. The scientific method is one way of doing research, and usually involves several definite steps (Research: The scientific method, 2008, SIEM HI Research). The first of step of the scientific method is to define a problem that can be asked in the form of a specific question that can be observed or measured…. [read more]


Solution for Adverse Impact Case Study

… 7. What are the most effective strategies you have seen for managing stress and potentially volatile situations? Explain how you have used one or more of these techniques to diffuse conflict.

8. Explain how law enforcement officers can develop more effective community relations strategies including the support for educational programs through schools. How would you organize one of these initiatives?

9. What are the three most critical success factors for law enforcement professional? Why?

10. How can law enforcement improve through the use of advanced communication techniques? What are the best and worst approaches to solving this problem of information conflicts?

Job Description

Entry-level law enforcement programs are designed to provide the new recruit with the opportunity to get a strong educational foundation in the…. [read more]


Mixed Study and so Here Term Paper

… ¶ … mixed study and so here I was able to evaluate their first approach -- phase one -- a quantitative cross-sectional approach -- with their second phase -- a qualitative approach consisting of open-ended focus group discussion.

The researches, themselves, correctly noted that they chose a triangulated (mixed-methods approach) due to their desire in wanting to mine the study and, from approaching it from different directions, 'drill out' different information and make a comparison and contrast.

Phase one consisted of a cross-sectional survey. What jumped out at me here was the fact that all of the participants (people who received the survey) were female.

Researchers managed to reach a large amount of people; their survey size (n=276) was acceptable. Nonetheless, the skewed population, in…. [read more]


American Express Case Study

… American Express Case Study

SITUATION ANALYSIS

Analysis of the Firm

American Express (NYSE:AXP) is one of the world's leading providers of premium travel-related services and payment processing system support services globally. American Express (Amex) has grown steadily through a series of mergers, acquisitions and later divestures to focus entirely on their premium card and payment processes services (Taube, Gargeya, 2007). AMEX concentrates today on a series of financial products and services to individuals, small businesses, and large corporations including the Fortune 500, and higher education institutions globally. The company operates on a global scale, yet the majority of its revenue is generated in the U.S. For an analysis of American Express Revenues and Earnings before Interest and Taxes, see Table 1: American Express Geographic Analysis.…. [read more]


Nursing Study. Ozkan and Gokdogan ) Examined Term Paper

… ¶ … nursing study. Ozkan and Gokdogan (2003) examined the prevalence of latex allergy among healthcare workers in Turkey. Given that latex is widely used in the medical profession, understanding the prevalence of latex allergies is an issue of critical concern for healthcare officials.

Title/Abstract/Confidence in the Report

Initial analysis of the article requires some assessment of the title, abstract and overall confidence in the report. The title is clearly and concisely articulated and reflects the central focus of the investigation. Variables under investigation as well as the population sample studied -- healthcare workers in Turkey -- are included in the title. Additionally, the title appears to be of an appropriate length.

With respect to the abstract, it is included with the article; however it…. [read more]


Attitude and Behavior Developmental Task Term Paper

… ATTITUDE and BEHAVIOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASK NEEDED to ASSIST African-American COLLEGE STUDENTS WITH DEVELOPING a CLEAR COMMITMENT to SUCCEED AFTER COLLEGE

There is an acknowledged identity crisis present in the African-American race due to the high rates of incarceration and low education achievements. The college environment serves to influence the development required in the self-identity transition toward the self-actualization of the individual in gaining a view of identity characterized by achievement. There is a delay in achievement associated with the failure to accept self or group identity. This work will illustrate that attitude is linked to talk development and behavioral adjustment which is part of the requirement for making the commitment for achievement in educational attainment. Principles of military discipline and leadership will also be reviewed…. [read more]


Racial Profiling in the Legal System Term Paper

… Civil Rights Movement

Whole books have been written on the subject of the civil rights struggle of African-Americans in the United States, a struggle that undoubtedly began when the first African slaves were brought to North America against their will. However, in recent history, the period of time in the 1950's and 1960's were pivotal because of the significant gains made. This period of change was driven by changes in government policy as reflected by both civil rights laws passed and amendments made to the American Constitution.

CIVIL RIGHTS AND THE FOUNDING OF THE UNITED STATES

Even though people in both the North and the South of the United States owned slaves at the time America won its independence from England, our nation's earliest document…. [read more]


Corporate Strategies of Japanese Automaker Term Paper

… al, 1995, p. 2). Corporate strategies operate by maintaining ongoing relationships with suppliers and open communication throughout the design, development and production process; assembly line workers are also involved as part of corporate strategy, and learn to be responsible for delivering only superior quality products to the finish line (Chapman, et. al, 1995, p.2).

Japanese style alliances" and strategies have also been heralded as "a critical source of competitive advantage for large Japanese assemblers" (Dyer, et. al, 2002: p.717, Nishiguchi, 1994). Studies suggest that Japanese strategies which include cooperative supplier-assembler relationships outperform other automakers in other countries by "developing relation-specific knowledge, investing in relation-specific assets, and minimizing transaction costs" (Dyer, et. al, 2002: p. 717; Nishiguchi, 1994). Japanese corporate strategies include building exclusive ties with…. [read more]


Walmart 2007 Research Proposal

… Wal-Mart Case Study

Wal-Mart faces a daunting series of challenges beginning with the need to refine and strengthen its core marketing strategies in the U.S., resolve Human Resources compliance violations, and learn from failures to expand globally and be successful in China and India. In addition to these challenges, Wal-Mart faces competitors who are growing in strength and marketing expertise both in the U.S. And globally, and must also confront an emerging global recession. All of these challenges are made all the more urgent by the slowing revenue growth and expansion of Wal-Mart both in the U.S. And globally. With the board of directors being given the commitment of 7.5% growth globally and 7% U.S. market growth after the company had achieved 10% growth in…. [read more]


Recruitment of Doctors From Philippines Case Study

… After performing analysis of the candidates IQ and EQ coupled with remarks from HR team, we can understand the candidates were a suitable fit for the organization; however there proficiency level was not judged in this procedure. Therefore, the criteria of being an organization-fit were met but being a "job-fit" was ignored. If we analyze the turnover rate of doctors in our organization in past seven years and the possible reasons related to it, a pattern of a doctor leaving every quarter can be analyzed. The possible reasons given are the failure of communication between the labor, management and the doctors appointed. Also, some of the doctors were let go because in the later phase, they were found incompetent of doing their job. As per…. [read more]


Work Disability in Small Firms Thesis

… Avoiding claims of prevalence will enhance focus on qualitative inquiry as to satisfaction and productivity given the qualification that those responses indicate perceptions or intent, like perceived job fit or intent to quit or search for different employment. Claims couched in terms of perception and ex-ante intent rather than as ex-post quantitative events, will avoid the type of subjectivity Hotchkiss (2002) e.g. finds underlying much of the research on incidence or causality.

Likewise reporting perceptions of ability, performance and satisfaction seeks to avoid confounding subjectivity of language but also of disclosure, because counting disability as only those conditions with medical documentation or real accommodation in the workplace, would omit workers with invisible disability they may have declined to report. That official definitions restricted by documentation…. [read more]


Validity and Reliability Questions of a Study Thesis

… Validity and Reliability

Questions of a study's reliability and validity involve two, separate yet interrelated issues. A study is reliable if it produces consistent results. A study is valid if it measures what it purports to measure. According to the article "Does your coworker know what you're doing? Convergence of self- and peer-reports of counterproductive work behavior" from the International Journal of Stress Management, serious questions of reliability and validity often arise with work-related behavioral surveys, as workers may underreport negative behaviors for fear of reprisals. There are also more generalized problems with self-reportage, namely the tendency to view one's self in excessively favorable or unfavorable terms, or simply to be blind to routine personal behaviors obvious to others.

To ensure that there would be…. [read more]

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