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Steel Tariffs Term Paper

… Steel Tariffs

After imposing tariffs on foreign steel imports, U.S. President George W. Bush faced such a severe backlash from both foreign and domestic sources that he was finally forced to repeal them. Initially the tariffs were imposed in order to appease the U.S. steel industry, which complained that heavily subsidized foreign competitors had an unfair advantage over them in the market. Until tariffs were imposed U.S. steel manufacturers were experiencing a long-suffering economic decline; this resulted in several producers filing for bankruptcy and steelworkers getting laid off. Certain states in particular such as Ohio, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania, were especially hit hard by the steel industry's economic crisis ("Q&a: U.S.-EU Steel Dispute," Dec. 4, 2003).

In response to this predicament the Bush administration imposed…. [read more]

Steel Industry Term Paper

… ¶ … steel industry from 1875-1920 in the Great Lakes region

Foundation Course

Steel Production

The Great Lakes Region


The Steel Industry from 1875 to 1920

Expansion of Trade through Canals

Contribution of the Great Lakes Region to the Iron and Steel Industry of the United States of America

The history and the development of the steel industry from 1875-1920 in the Great Lakes region.

The Iron and Steel sector of the United States of America is associated with the manufacturing and molding of steel into basic shapes and forms. These forms and shapes of steel can further be used to create other products. The iron and steel sector…. [read more]

Steel Frame Construction Term Paper

… Steel Frame Construction

Bibliography and Further Information

Appendix a An Analysis of the Selection, Application or Installation of Materials and Building Components Used in Steel Frame Construction Today

An increasing number of commercial and residential structures are using steel frame construction techniques today. The increased popularity of this building technique has grown from its early beginnings in Chicago a century and a half ago to become the building method of choice for many urban settings today. This increased use is directly attributable to a number of key advantages that steel frame construction has been shown to have over other construction techniques. For example, according to Fanjoy (2006), "While a versatile building material, lumber can pose a number of challenges to builders and remodelers: sudden and…. [read more]

Pittsburgh PA Steel Mills Term Paper

… Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Steel Industry

Background and History of Pittsburgh Steel:

Pittsburgh Pennsylvania developed a strong economy during the nineteenth century, due primarily to its proximity to natural coal deposits suitable for mining and the vast iron ore deposits in the Midwest north of Minnesota. By the end of the Civil War, the Pennsylvania Railroad Company had become the world's largest consumer of industrial steel. Henry Bessemer had developed the process for adding air to molten iron ore in a process and a final product, (Bessemer steel), that bore his name, and Andrew

Carnegie helped build the industry that provided much of the material shipped to the rest of the country as demand for steel for use in the revolutionary new building process made possible by…. [read more]

Apparel Industry Term Paper

… Apparel Industry

On the first of October 2001, the North American Industry Classification System defined apparel as belonging to the Manufacturing Industry under the code 315. The apparel industry was then delimited into eight subcategories, based on the particular types of items produced: "315211 Men's and Boys' Cut and Sew Apparel Contractors," "315212 Women's, Girls' and Infants' Cut and Sew Apparel Contractors," "315223 Men's and Boys' Cut and Sew Shirt Manufacturing," "315228 Men's and Boys' Cut and Sew Other Outerwear Manufacturing," "315232 Women's and Girls' Cut and Sew Blouse and Shirt Manufacturing," "315234 Women's and Girls' Cut and Sew Suit, Coat, Tailored Jackets," "315991 Hat, Cap and Millinery Manufacturing" and "315999 Other Apparel Accessories and Other Apparel Manufacturing."

Industry's Dominant Economic Features

The apparel businesses…. [read more]

Nucor Corporation Steel Industry Trends Case Study

… Nucor Corporation

Steel Industry Trends

The steel industry has experienced a series of changes in the past decades on global level. The most rapid changes have been reported by China, which is currently an important producer and consumer in the steel industry, and by India, which presents similar characteristics as a market in this industry. Europe has also established itself as a stable market.

The global economic growth has attracted a growth of the steel industry sector also. Although the U.S. have led the production capacity during most of the 20th century, the situation changed after the industrial revolution in Asia, which is now considered the leading region in the steel production industry, followed by Europe, and by North America.

Given the market circumstances, it…. [read more]

United States Steel Corporation Research Paper

… United States Steel Corp v. Commissioner

In United States Steel Corporation v. Commissioner, the court was called upon to determine that appropriate way of allocating additional income to a corporation with wholly-held foreign subsidiaries. This is a critical question, particularly in a global economy, when businesses may have dual motives for the creation of wholly-owned subsidiaries, and the reduction or avoidance of taxes may be among the taxpayer's legitimate goals in forming those corporations.

Petitioner United States Steel Corporation, the world's largest producer of steel, wanted a way to develop iron ore found in Bolivar, Venezuela and transport it to the United States for processing into steel. United States Steel Corporation organized Orinoco Mining Company, a Delaware Corporation, to develop the deposits, and then Navios…. [read more]

U.S. Automotive Industry Chosen Essay

… S. And Japanese cars. This gap remained because U.S. automakers tried applying JIT techniques without a full understanding of the whole Japanese manufacturing system, while Japanese automakers had decades to develop, refine and master their JIT approach.

Another significant paradigm of the 1980s was the global nature of vehicle manufacturing. Automakers started assembling vehicles around the world. This trend was accelerated in the 1990s with the construction of overseas facilities and mergers between multinational automakers. This global expansion gave automakers a greater capacity to infiltrate new markets quickly and at lower costs. The increased product offerings in many markets led to consumers having a greater variety of vehicles from which to choose. To this new vehicle buffet was coupled the explosion of the internet, which…. [read more]

Air Cargo Industry Term Paper

… History Of Air Cargo Industry

The history of the air cargo industry in a very real way mirrors the history of air transportation. This paper reviews the history of air transportation and how those visionaries that pre-dated the emergence of air transport helped the industry grow and spread. Moreover, the paper will include the advancement of air transport in World War II and the way in which air transport has developed through the 20th century.

The History of Air Transportation - Balloons

Before there could be air transport, mankind first had to be able to fly. The first demonstration of a "lighter-than-air machine" occurred in Annonay, France, in 1783, six years prior to the French Revolution of 1789 (Rumerman, 2007). The brothers Joseph and Jacques…. [read more]

United States Steel Industry Term Paper

… American producers have lacked the consolidation other countries have as the American supply starts to dwindle, more plants close and blue collar towns die. It make the situation worse, the United States started importing cheap steel from countries not to mention new trade law agreements imposed by Bush. All of these changes has left the American Steel Industry rebounding.

SWOT Assessment


The United States Steel Industry has an established infrastructure, centuries old that includes a tight labor union. The nation is also at war and need of steel to build planes, weapons and transportation systems in Iraq. American steel has a global reputation and the technology to enhance a global marketplace.


In recent years, there has been a reduction in the Steelworkers union…. [read more]

Social Political or Economical Issues That Impact the Automobile Industry Business Plan

… Automotive Industry

Assessing the Social, Political and Economic Factors

Impacting the Auto Industry

auto industry today is going through a disruptive, turbulent transition away from build-to-inventory manufacturing practices to more demand-driven and build-to-order manufacturing and selling strategies. This transition is being driven by economic factors including consumers not replacing their autos as much as in the past, and being much more focused on the environmental impact and carbon footprint of their cars. The political factors of dependence on foreign oil which is seen by many as a threat to national security and the high dependence the U.S. has on many nations they don't have diplomatic ties with including Venezuela are all combining to change the structure of this industry (Gaylord, 2010). These broader, more global…. [read more]

Government Intervention in the Steel Term Paper

… This was followed by successful lobbying by the steel industry for steel cartels during President Roosevelt's "New Deal" program.

During World War II, the government policy had turned in favor of labor unions and the U.S. steel industry quickly unionized to win government contracts. After the war, the industry continued to depend on a "trigger price policy" that automatically triggered import quotas whenever the price of imported steel fell below a certain level.

Over the last two centuries, the U.S. steel industry and its lobbyists have used all the arguments in the book, ranging from "infant industry" argument in the nineteenth century to a "senescent industry" argument (i.e., that the industry was old and creaky and "stuck" with outdated equipment) in the post World War…. [read more]

Use of High Strength Steel's in Automobiles Essay

… ¶ … High Strength Steels in Automobiles:

The use of high strength steels by automakers has become the fastest growing automotive lightweight material in the automotive industry in the past two decades. The use of the high strength steels and ultra high strength steels has overtaken aluminum's growth rate by 13%. While the use of all grades of aluminum has grown by 143%, the use of high strength steel grades has increased by 162% since 1977. Though the growth of aluminum has been largely in the form of castings, particularly at the expense of cast iron, the high strength steels have replaced the older carbon steel grades.

Without sacrificing strength and performance, vehicle makers save weight by the use of thinner gauges through high strength…. [read more]

Humana and Tata Steel Case Study

… Humana and Tata Steel


The intent of this analysis is to analyze the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of Humana Corporation. With 11.7 million members and a health network that is one of the largest in the U.S., Humana has a strategically diverse set of services that span two business divisions, one dedicated to government accounts and a second for commercial. Both of these divisions actively participate in government-sponsored programs that support the three core businesses of company including Medicare, tricare and Medicaid (White, 2007) (Lee, 2008). Humana continues to be one of the leaders in defining how the Internet can be used to streamline the claims process, integrating automated systems and processes throughout their two divisions and three core businesses.


Diverse and…. [read more]

Nucor the Steel Industry Assessment

… Nucor

The steel industry is faced with a number of trends. Most prominent of these is that Asian steel makers have doubled their production in the past several years, while producers elsewhere have only seen incremental increases. As a consequence, there is overcapacity in steel production in many areas, and this has depressed steel prices on the world market. As a function of not only the depressed prices but also of the commodity nature of the product, the steel industry is moving towards models such as the micromill model that allow steel firms to make use of innovative technology in order to reduce production costs. The final trend, ongoing for a few decades, is towards commoditization. Steel companies have a difficult time deriving differentiation in…. [read more]

Business Study Nucor Steel Historical Essay

… S. And globally. The fourth quarter may indeed turn out to be the most challenging quarter of the year." ("Nucor Reports Quarterly Results for the First Nine Months of 2010," 2010) This is significant, because it shows how the historical trends of the company are having an impact upon the way it will achieve its stated objectives. Where, this will force them to make changes to their business model and operations (because of business / economic conditions). Once this occurs, this will have ripple effects on the strategic objectives of Nucor Steel.

Business Strategy

Environmental Analysis as Appropriate Conduct a SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities & Threats) and SWOT on Nucor's Competitors

As far as strengths are concerned, Nucor has many different advantages to include: technology,…. [read more]

Bamboo Industry Research Proposal

… Bamboo Industry

In India, bamboo is considered "the poor man's timber." Over the past 20 years, bamboo has become a significant, sometimes superior substitute for wood. Currently, in some way or another in, the International Network for Bamboo and Rattan reports, approximately 1.5 billion people depend on bamboo products. In light of the significances of the bamboo industry, this thesis relates relevant research regarding the bamboo industry and asserts that a number of bamboo products, particularly those processed and manufactured for use in constructing houses and household items, primarily qualify as being eco-friendly.

From the literature reviewed for this study, the researcher completes a PEST Analysis, as well as a SWOT analysis to investigate factors contributing to the bamboo industry. Ultimately, the researcher finds that…. [read more]

Homestead Strike Carnegie Steel Co Essay

… 5 million profit and he now wants to cut wages for people who barely make enough to support their families. ("1892 Homestead Strike") How can workers survive if their pay is cut by the fifteen percent that the company is demanding? ("The 1892 Battle of Homestead") They cannot, and so the only thing an honest hard-working person can do is to strike against the inequitable and dishonest practices on the part of Carnegie Steel.

A strike is not the preferred method of dealing with labor disputes, in fact it is a method of last resort. But the management of Carnegie Steel have refused to negotiate in good faith and have told the Union that its workers must take a pay cut or face the closure…. [read more]

Valmont Industries Financial Analysis Thesis

… Valmont Industries (NYSE: VMI) began in 1946 as Valley Manufacturing, a maker of farm elevators. The company expanded from there into irrigation products, steel tubing and piping, rebar and other steel products. The company is also engaged in the manufacturing and marketing of galvanized metals, communications towers, light poles and coatings. Valmont Industries was listed on the New York Stock Exchange in 2002 and is presently based in Omaha (Valmont Industries, 2010). The company has seen its revenues increase steadily since it became public. This paper will analyze the financial situation of Valmont Industries in order to determine the quality of the company as an investment.

Valmont competes in the metal fabrication sector. The industry is characterized by a number of medium and large companies,…. [read more]

South Korean & German Trade Show Industry Dissertation

… Trade Show Industry in Germany and South Korea

Trade as Marketing and Communication

Area of Study

Study Components

The History of Trade

History of Trade Shows

Patterns of Trade Shows

Marketing Theories

Trade Shows and Market Entry

Development of the Trade Show Industry

Contributions of the Trade Show Industry

Marketing Processes in the Trade Show Industry

Marketing Planning and Tactical Considerations in the Trade Show Industry

Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research

Data Analysis Plan


Strategic Management of Huntington Ingalls Industries, Inc Case Study

… ¶ … strategic management of Huntington Ingalls Industries, Inc., and analysis of the company strategic position reveals that the company provides the strategic product and services for the U.S. government. The report uses STEEPL analysis to determine the external factors affecting the company performance. The report has been able to reveal that the U.S. government is the only major customer of Huntington Ingalls and the state of the U.S. economy has affected the financial performance of the company. Based on the current recession facing the United States, the company suffered the financial loss at the end of the fiscal year 2011. The Porter 5 forces reveals that the company has high bargaining power as a sole supplier of shipbuilding as well as the only company…. [read more]

Soft Drink and Automotive Industry Research Paper

… These figures are some of the first hard spending data for any month; comparing these derived rates to those from months and years prior is a big help when it comes to formulating a consumption forecast for the month." (FOREX brokerage firms, 2006)

FOREX brokerage firms does bring to light a critical aspect of the automotive market. The supply chain costs are a major cause of concern with regard to the operating profit and net revenue figures generated by the firm. Knowing the supply chain costs via an effective forecast can enable the firm to plan accordingly to procure the necessary metals and materials necessary to produce their signature brands.

Without proper planning, the cost of a particular brand over its production run for the…. [read more]

Competitiveness of Sustenance Lithographic Printing Case Study

… Both were right. The reasons are not far to seek. The swing of the pendulum for one, lithographs had been almost too popular.

This overreliance on lithography to the exclusion of other alternative printing methods such as the introduction of photography almost spelled the end of lithography in Europe. For example, according to Beaujon (1936, p. 60), "French lithographers, warned to be serious like the Germans, began to copy pictures which they did, though with distinction, at the sacrifice of original design."

There was also a sacrifice of quality involved when these early photographic processes were used instead of lithography but the preference for the new technology was clear. As Beaujon (1936, p. 60) points out, "Photography became a serious rival in all countries, bringing…. [read more]

American Automotive Industry and Porter's Five Forces Model Research Paper

… American Automotive Industry and Porter's Theory

American Automotive Industry in the light of Porter's Five Forces Model

automotive industry contributes a great deal in global economy. It is huge and a truly global industry; has gone through major wave of recession and is now in recent years showing gradual improvement. It has severely faced challenges of globalization, decreasing oil reserves resulting in high fuel costs, changes in buyer's demand and diminishing buying potential along with threats from direct competitions especially from Asian manufacturers who are enjoying low production cost.

The research paper is an overview of the automotive industry in America which is further followed by an analysis of the industry's structural characteristics, its profile and its impact on U.S. economy with the behavior it…. [read more]

Shaw Industries Quality Improvement Deployment and Organizational Change Plan Thesis

… Shaw Industries Quality Improvement Deployment and Organizational Change Plan Author

Competing in a mature, contracting industry that shrank 3.7% in 2008 with continued contraction of industry sales in 2009 (Stewart, 2009), Shaw Industries, a subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway, relies on quality improvement, process improvement, lean manufacturing and supplier management to remain profitable. According to the latest quarterly financial statement form 10-Q Berkshire-Hathaway filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 30, 2009, the company generated $2B in revenues, reporting Earnings before Interest and Taxes of $85M. Year-over-year declines for Shaw Industries are currently at 21%, with 23% reduction in revenues from A1, 2008 to Q1, 2009. Berkshire-Hathaway claims in the latest 10Q that the ongoing global recession, specifically the slow-down in residential real estate…. [read more]

U.S. Auto Industry the Motor Vehicle Essay

… U.S. Auto Industry

The motor vehicle industry is of paramount importance to the U.S. economy. It has served as a model of adaptation, over the years taking many hits from import status and pricing to increased cost of doing business under the high cost of American labor industry (Macduffie 1995) and globalization (Lung 2000) and finally in its most recent remaking it has diversified and attempted to create and maintain headway in a market that demands innovation, especially with regard to energy utilization. (Studer-Noguez 2002)The industry has faced all these challenges with a valiant effort to remake itself under almost any circumstances, including but not limited to even restructuring the way it manufactures according to Japanese lean manufacturing tenets. (Klier 1995) (Rubenstein 1992)

The restructuring…. [read more]

Automotive Industry and Macroeconomic Forces Research Proposal

… Automotive Industry and Macroeconomic Forces

The Automotive Industry and Macroeconomic Changes

The following paper explores the automotive industry and how it's impacted by macroeconomic changes. A brief overview of the automotive industry is given. The definition of several economic indicators are presented. A graph showing the trends of the automotive industry for each of the indicators is then followed by a graph of the 18-month forecast for each of these indicators, for the automotive industry.

The Automotive Industry and Macroeconomic Forces

The following paper explores the automotive industry and macroeconomic forces. A brief overview of the automotive industry is given. The definition of several economic indicators are presented. A graph showing the trends of these indicators, in America, is then followed by a graph of…. [read more]

US Airline Industry in 2004 Term Paper

… U.S. Airline Industry

Assess the [financial] performance of the U.S. Airline industry during the past 20 years

The problems which the U.S. airline companies are now facing are rather severe and however they have been present throughout the past two decades, they have been accentuated by the tragic events of September 11, 2001. The major problems came from unsatisfactory levels of the services offered and the high prices implemented, all boycotted by the airline customers.

Before the plane hijacks into the World Trade Center, the airline companies were already loosing money and encountering as such financial difficulties, but these were being kept under some control and reduced through the implementation of various strategies. "Making money in the airline business has always been tough, but the…. [read more]

Alcoholic Beverage Industry Term Paper

… " (Scottish & Newcastle UK profits slip) Even the year of 2003 did not seem to be very good for the company as the increase in profits was just 1% to 471 million pounds, on an increased sale of 4.28 billion pounds. The increase in sales was by 3.4% and this was due to the fact that the company absorbed the makers of cider in Portugal named Bulmer and Central de Cervejas/Luso. The fall in profits was due to both the impact of the acquisition, disposals and movements in foreign exchange. (Scottish & Newcastle UK profits slip)

The total drop was by 1.4%, though the profit from beer in UK was by a larger amount of 8.1%, and the profits were only 148 million pounds.…. [read more]

Modern Day Rail Road Industry Term Paper

… ¶ … Railroad Industry

The modern day railroad has evolved since the earliest of the railroads in the history of the United States. Some of the railroads are remembered as paragons creating new structural framework for business operations while others are remembered for 'featherbedding' tactics among their employees. This work will present some of the earliest beginnings of modern day railroad in the United States and will follow history to the present of some of the railroad companies and as well in the policy that governs railroad transportation in the United States.

The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O)

From the moment the first tracks were laid: "...early in the morning of April 28, 1869" (the Dominance of Rails, 1865-1885, until the present time the railroad…. [read more]

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