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Stem Cell Research -- Ethical Issues Term Paper

… Stem Cell Research -- Ethical Issues

The positive, progressive view of stem cell research raises the promise of one day helping to heal individuals with diseases like Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, spinal injuries, cancer, among other health issues and serious medical disorders. One of the controversial aspects of stem cell research relates to whether or not human embryos should be destroyed in order to conduct deep research into the potentiality of embryonic stem cells. This moral issue, along with other ethical questions, and updates on recent stem cell advances, will be addressed in this paper.

What are Embryonic Stem Cells?

Basically, according to the National Institutes of Health, stem cells are: a) "capable of diving and renewing themselves for long periods"; b) they are not specialized; and…. [read more]

Stem Cell Research Imagine Term Paper

… Stem Cell Research

Imagine that it is the end of the twenty-first century: we are living in a world where doctors can create new human organs to order, re-grow crippled spines and damaged hearts, and reverse the damage caused by Parkinson's disease and diabetes without much trouble. Are we imagining an impossible science-fiction scenario or a realistic scientific probability? If the promise shown by the exciting field of stem cell research is anything to go by, all of above and more, may well become a reality much before the end of this century. This essay explores the topic of stem cell research by looking at what stem cells really are; the types of stem cells, their possible benefits and the ethical debate surrounding the issue.…. [read more]

Stem Cell Research L. Jones Ethical Term Paper

… Stem Cell Research

L. Jones

Ethical and Moral Issues

Today one of the most hotly debated issues is unquestionably stem cell research. Specifically, it involves harvesting and using a specific type of cell known as a "stem cell" and using it to attempt to develop or reproduce virtually any cell in the body. Of course this has tremendous potential for therapeutic benefit -- some speculate from curing cancer, paralysis, Parkinson's disease, and a host of other maladies yet to be imagined. In lay terms, stem cells can serve as kind of "repair system for the body," which can divide infinitely -- replenishing other cells. What is so powerful about the stem cell, however, is its ability to become another kind of specialized cell, say a…. [read more]

Stem Cells as the California Dream Term Paper

… Stem Cell Research and the California Dream

The California Dream: Stem Cell Research in California Today

The thought of a disease-free future for mankind is a tantalizing thought indeed. Imagine a time when no one gets sick anymore. No more AIDS, no more cancer, no more measles, mumps, or even the common cold. Everyone lives happily on the earth in a state of robust and perpetual health. Even aging, long thought to be an inevitable by-product of getting older, is a thing of the past, with people routinely looking like they are in their 30s well into their 90s. Who would not want such a world? Advocates of stem cell research believe that this world is within our grasp. Stem cells, those almost magical foundation…. [read more]

Enclosed Proposed Study, "The Future of Stem Term Paper

… ¶ … enclosed proposed study, "The future of Stem Cell Research." Stem cell research has been a hot topic of debate for many years. Those who are against it believe it is playing God, while those who support it believe it is the next step in advancing medical science.

This study proposal was born out of a desire to learn what the future of stem cell research looks like. It will be conducted through reading published data about the topic, speaking to experts in the field and gauging society's feelings about it through the use of a questionnaire.

The interest sparked when I met a colleague who is diagnosed with a life threatening disorder. His doctors have said he will not live more than a…. [read more]

Capital Punishment Term Paper

… Let us the take the case of Michigan for our study. Michigan legal rules presently orders compulsory condemnation of life imprisonment with no scope of parole on such crimes. During 1846, Michigan turned out to be the initial English-speaking government in the globe to eradicate the death penalty. Another eleven states have also banned the death penalty till now. (Kaffer; Alley, 2004) The prohibition on death sentence in Michigan was incorporated in the Michigan Constitution which was agreed to by the voters in 1963. Several attempts by the supporters of death penalty to place before voters- by means of Legislature or petition exercises- have been unsuccessful. From 1991, twenty-five Michigan officers have been murdered. The capital punishment in Michigan got fresh favor following the killings…. [read more]

Sleeping Under a Rock Research Paper

… Traditionally, health care data was kept by written and typed records but the increased need for the sharing of information and the need for efficiently doing so has led to the development of sophisticated, computer based, record-keeping systems. Pressure is being applied to the information technology industry to develop a uniform system that is universally accessible while still maintaining the privacy expectations of the patients. Presently, proprietary programs are easily obtainable but jurisdictional disputes still plague the operation of the system that creates a breakdown in the quality of services.

There is a breakdown in the delivery of health care in the United States relative to who is going to control how health care services are going to be delivered (Roland, 2009). This battle largely…. [read more]

Biomedical Technology Term Paper

… Biomedical Technology

The field of Biomedical Technology has been growing by leaps and over the past half-century. At the beginning of that time many research scientists and their funding corporations were starting to realize the amazing potential of this field for both for humanitarian and commercial use. The advances alone in the use of recombinant DNA techniques as well as that of cell fusion and other advances in were revealing tremendous potential regarding their impact on the health, life and the longevity of human beings. (Blackford, 2006, p. 526) Biomedical technology has become a tremendous boon to mankind creating completely new approaches in the treatment of diseases and the consequent extension of life expectancy than had never been imagined previously. In our lifetime we have…. [read more]

Cloning Today Man Has Progressed Term Paper

… Cloning

Today man has progressed so much in the field of science that it has claimed to possess the power and knowledge to duplicate any living organism. In the year 1997, scientists at the Roslin Institute, Scotland, announced that they have successfully cloned a sheep. Proudly naming it "Dolly," this event led to a series of concerns all across the globe. Many rejoiced at this effort and were supportive while others felt that man was trying to play God. Debates on ethical and moral aspects of this achievement were conducted and people including religious sectors denounced this process. It should also be noted that Dolly was not the first animal to be cloned. The first animal to be cloned was a tadpole done more than…. [read more]

Corneal Donation Within Hospitals Term Paper

… al, 2002).


The aim of this study is to discover barriers to corneal transplantation and donation from an administrative perspective. Thus the researcher proposes examination of donor registries and informed consent, as well as hospital policies, practices and procedures. A purely experimental study would not be feasible in this instance, as it would be virtually impossible in the short amount of time allocated to survey the number of people necessary to provide quantitative information on corneal donations. A qualitative study provides information relevant to exploratory processes, thus this type of technique will be utilized for purposes of this study.

The researcher intends to conduct research over a 6-month time frame. The first 1-2 months will be spent gathering adequate information from academic studies and…. [read more]

Man Racism Isn't an Inborn Characteristic Term Paper

… ¶ … Man

Racism isn't an inborn characteristic of the human heart; it's something that's learned and reinforced over time. James Baldwin's "Going to Meet the Man," is a heart-rending short story that unpacks how one man devolved from a tolerant young boy to a cruel bigot. It is the purpose of the viewpoint essay to discuss how Baldwin's protagonist in the story, Jesse, learns to be a racist and the dire costs associated with this transformation.

Jesse as a young boy is a tolerant and curious boy. He has black friend named Otis. He likes Otis, they play together and Jesse looks up to Otis for information concerning the complexity of race relations between southern whites and blacks, "He had grown accustomed, for the…. [read more]

Wireless Broadband Technology Term Paper

… All the communication is done using a series of radio signals or radio specifications, the frequency of the signals being that of a low 2.4 GHz and the data speeds are up to a range of 721 Kbps. There is no one direction in which this technology can be used; it is omni directional. The distance that it can cover ranges from 10 cm to 100 m; the greater the transmitting power, the greater the distance covered. The output power can be less than 10 mill watts. Basically, the Bluetooth technology functions like this: it can be embedded in an electronic device or be used as an adaptor. (How Bluetooth Technology

Any electronic device that is popularly used today can make use of these…. [read more]

Ethics, Morality, and Medicine Discussion Chapter

… Thus, it is almost impossible today to define a common set of medical moral principles to which all physicians subscribe." (Pellegrino, 2006,-Page 66)

There is no consensus of the moral and ethical codes of practicing medicine. This is alarming. Morals and ethics belong in the practice of medicine. Pellegrino continues and provides historical precedence for the necessity of ethics and morals with respect to practicing physicians:

"In a rather brief disquisition on medications, Scribonius put forward the notion that we should determine the responsibilities of the physician by examining the nature of medicine itself. He said that the aim of the physician, the end of medicine, was humanitas. That was the first time, as far as we know, that a word with that precise meaning…. [read more]

Management Philosophies Samsung Group Essay

… Another article by Kamii & Ewing (1996), states that it is impossible for learners to establish high levels of relationships with what they observe unless they incorporate certain levels of knowledge to it. According to Kamii & Ewing (1996), cooperative learning methodology brings great maintenance of material and an increase in the transfer of learning. Jean Piaget insisted that constructivism would advance to other philosophical theories because the ideas are innovative and concepts can change with time.


The article by Ruth-Sahd is about social collectivism. The article bases on concepts of observation in a nursing clinical setting. The article also incorporates personal experiences of nurses. Observation and personal experiences help nurses in learn of effective management practices that will help them in their nursing…. [read more]

Ethics of Human Cloning Term Paper

… A woman carrying a cloned child risks the effects of hormone manipulation and possible multiple miscarriages. A potential child faces the possibility of severe physical and developmental abnormalities.

Potential Social Harm

Critics of cloning also believe that cloning technology has the potential to cause greater social harm on two levels.

First, critics like Leonard Kass, a molecular biologist, argue that cloning saddles a child with unrealistic and hurtful expectations by adults. Kass believes that cloning is "inherently despotic, for it seeks to make one's children...after one's own image" (93). For a cloned individual, the technology itself further raises issues regarding identity and individuality.

This presents a significant degeneration in the parent-child relationship. When parents decide to procreate, there is a tacit acceptance "to having whatever…. [read more]

Flows in Health Care Research Paper

… Patients departing their home country in search of remedial treatment abroad, is indeed not a new happening, though, the swift growth and the extent of medical travel are new. It is anticipated that medical travel will grow up further in the near future providing new horizons for growth.

The costs are high due to the following factors:

So much paperwork from so many insurance companies (paperwork costs money, insurance companies also charge money for their services). Hospitals keep old people for too long in hospitals. Senior health care professionals are not willing to refer their patients to junior health care professionals whereas; senior health care professionals are expensive. Increasing cases of obesity is also increasing the health care costs. As doctors and hospital managers know…. [read more]

Thomas Kuhn's Theory of Scientific Revolutions Research Proposal

… Thomas Kuhn's Theory Of Scientific Revolutions

Thomas Kuhn's philosophy of scientific revolutions has become a natural part of today's scientific jargon. Although many are familiar with its basic tenets, many do not realize that they are part of the formal theory proposed by Thomas Kuhn. Unlike theorists before him, he did not believe that scientific progress occurred in a linear fashion, but that it undergoes period "revolutions" where changes in thought occur. This research will support the thesis that Kuhn's theory is valid and that it explains recent developments in the fields of genetics and bioengineering.

Basic Tenets of the Theory

The central focus of the field of science is on solving the problems that surround us. In some cases, it is to explain why…. [read more]

Christian Biotechnology: Not a Contradiction Term Paper

… So in this area, it is relatively simple to analyze the use and importance of this field of research. Transgenic crops have proven to be vital food source for both economic and humanitarian purposes, while transgenic animals are quickly proving to be just what the meat, milk, and egg industry need to increase profits and production. Christians everywhere should be in support of biotechnology and genetic modification in food production, as this has the potential to erase world hunger and improve corporate profits all at once.

Genetically modified (GM) crops are safe and proven in the field. Scientists are not just tinkering with DNA for fun -- GM crops are being created that are far superior to traditional hybrid strains in hardiness and resistance to…. [read more]

How Are Regenerative Therapies Beginning to Rebuild and Restore Function to Injured Body Parts? Term Paper

… Regenerative Therapies

Though the media attention paid to stem cell research has waned somewhat in the face of economic crises and other political issues, the medical innovation that holds the promise to repair damages spinal cords, provide custom-made organs for transplantation, and cure any number of diseases remains an exciting and controversial topic in the worlds of medicine and of ethics. Derived until recently only from embryos necessarily destroyed in the extraction process, stem cells have the unique ability to become any specialized type of cell in the body -- they are essentially blanks that have not yet been assigned a place or task within the organism to which they belong. This unique feature grants them substantial rehabilitative powers that research scientists and physicians are…. [read more]

Ileana Final Portfolio Bioethics Essay

… Other examples include the Willowbrook and Tuskeegee experiments in Unit Four, which I had heard about but only in a diffuse anecdotal sense. Now I have a more formal understanding of the justification behind human subjects review and the importance of Institutional Review Board oversight before any experiment no matter how seemingly innocuous the treatment.

Once we had identified and mastered the concepts underlying these theories, we demonstrated their application in modern ethical controversies. The result was the realization that these ethics are each a process toward obtaining answers for sophisticated modern moral problems. Applying these historic perspectives played out through selection of examples that demonstrate how these methods provide a framework and process to evaluate new ethical conundrums Kant, Bentham, Mill or Aquinas likely…. [read more]

Translating Biomedical Innovation / Mental Term Paper

… With the ethical compliance requirements not so transparent in the private sector and their primarily commercial interest in biomedical research leads to several problems. In a collaborative setting, conflicts of interest arise out of such a situation. For instance, as the authors state, a federal research employee "would have official responsibilities with an outside organization with which that employee has a financial interest or affiliation." This automatically puts them "in the position of having an official responsibility or action which could directly influence his or her own financial interests, or those interests which are imputed to him or her." [Raymond S. Fresko, Pg 106] In general, the ethical liability involved in privately funded embryonic research is all the more reason for the federal government to…. [read more]

Medical Advancements in Medicine Term Paper

… All diseases have a genetic component, whether inherited or resulting from the body's response to environmental stresses. The successes of the Human Genome Project (HGP) have even enabled researchers to pinpoint errors in genes -- the smallest units of heredity -- that cause or contribute to disease.2

The real news is that in the right hands, genetic engineering can be used to develop new ways to treat, cure, or even prevent the thousands of diseases. Today, biotech companies are designing diagnostic tests to detect "bad" genes that may cause particular diseases.

Imagine the changes in medicine if geneticists could find and replace genes that cause illness and disease.

The potential for using genes to treat disease, commonly known as gene therapy is the most…. [read more]

Human Cloning Essay

… If cloning technology is allowed to continue, the future may produce technologies wherein a person's own organs can be cloned from their own genetic material ensuring a match and a good likelihood that the body will accept the organ (Clone 2009).

There are many reasons that individuals might desire to have themselves or a loved one cloned. The most common justifications for cloning fall under the categories of utility and autonomy. Utility arguments include the desire to make more of yourself in order to have a larger impact on the world, replacing a dead child with a genetic duplicate, making a clone to provide bone marrow or organs to an original person, or producing individuals with higher or lower mental capacities to perform designated tasks…. [read more]

Ethics of Embryo Design Reaction Paper

… Additionally, the cells of the embryo could be damaged during the testing process, which could result in even more dangerous complications for the unborn child. For and against the Shannon's procedure design

In the Shannons' case, there are strong ethical considerations for choosing such a controversial procedure. They are looking to improve the quality of life of both of their children. However, PGD can also be used for non-health related purposes, which change the situation dramatically and are extremely unethical. For example, the procedure can be used to choose a gender for the child. Thus, if a couple wants a certain gender, they could pick and choose from the fertilized embryos based on gender. However, this is largely considered unethical by the medical community, because…. [read more]

Humanities Study Means Essay

… Warhol's work is significant because it stands for the dominion of trivial aspects over life's other, more profound, implications. To highlight this perspective, Warhol remarked that "Being good at business is the most fascinating kind of art. Making money is art and working is art and good business is the best art" (Plagens, 2002). Under these prerogatives, modern man is somehow perceived as an indifferent machine who indulges in a cheap, kitschy medium which is amply enforced by his often cynical attitude towards life in general. In my opinion, pop art helps to underline the proliferation of superficiality at all levels of society.

Overall, the contents of this time capsule are brought together to build a solid picture of what it means to be human…. [read more]

Embryo Donation Term Paper

… Embryo Ovum Donation

Embryo and Ovum Donation: The Gift of Life"

Over the past 30 or more years the science and technology associated with reproductive medicine has increased exponentially. This change has come at a time when the age of first conception or the first significant attempt to have a child has increased by several years, in some cases as much as 15. (Henderson, 2006. p. 102) This occurrence has deemed reproductive medicine much more in demand, as some couples find that the older they get the harder it is to conceive and bring a healthy child to term, of their own volition. There are many theories as to why fertility declines with age, but it is known that it is much more affective toward…. [read more]

Rinpoche in the Tibetan Book Essay

… This life can and should be viewed as a means to hone the mind. The natural bardo is in the here and now, and the true nature of the mind is absolute stillness. A practice of "bringing the mind home," which Rinpoche discusses in Chapter 5, is crucial to making the most of this life and making the most of death.

Rinpoche's views on death are echoed by those of Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, author of the classic On Death and Dying. In On Death and Dying, Ross discusses the fear of death that plagues modern Westerners. Although Kubler-Ross's four stages of grieving are different from Rinpoche's Tibetan bardos, both authors offer their readers spiritual and psychological tools they can use to embrace the reality of death…. [read more]

Diamond Marian Term Paper

… g., visual stimulation would be expected to lead to massive effects in the occipital lobes). An enriched environment with many different inputs would be expected to stimulate multiple areas in parallel (Diamond and Hobson, 1998-page 29). Diamond discusses the effects of a controlled experiment on rats with three conditions of environmental enrichment. The results support the notion that more environmental stimulation (input) leads to thicker cerebral cortices while impoverished environmental result in the opposite affect (Diamond and Hobson, 1998-page 30).

These findings do not rule out genetic contributions to this process, in fact the process itself is innately regulated by genetic influences (Diamond and Hobson, 1998-page 3). This process is so pervasive that enriching the environment of pregnant rats leads to thicker cerebral cortices in…. [read more]

Global Terrorism Strangling Term Paper

… Strategy:

The U.S. Intelligence community has formulated some strategies to stem the flow of money into terrorist cells. Many of these strategies for domestic terrorism come from the PATRIOT Act and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The PATRIOT Act advances electronic surveillance authority for law enforcement, permits the government to detain suspected terrorists, monitors domestic financial transactions, and expands the monitoring of foreign students. (Combs, 2006, p. 249). The PATRIOT Act is unique in that it allows for these measures to be conducted within the U.S., by law enforcement officials. CIA operatives have been using these tools for decades in foreign lands, but U.S. citizens have always been protected from surveillance by the CIA. These tools give law enforcement everything they need to conduct…. [read more]

Surgeon General Healthcare Organizations Term Paper

… Surgeon General/Health Care Organizations

The Surgeon General, Health Policy and Politics

On January 28, 2010, First Lady Michelle Obama, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Kathleen Sebelius and U.S. Surgeon General Regina Benjamin announced plans to help Americans lead healthier lives through better nutrition, regular physical activity, and by encouraging communities to support healthy choices. At a YMCA in Alexandria, VA, they talked directly with national and local leaders, parents and health professionals about reducing overweight and obesity in adults and children.

The First Lady recently announced that she will launch a major initiative on childhood obesity in the next few weeks and has asked HHS to play a key role. Today, HHS released the Surgeon General's Vision for a Healthy and…. [read more]

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