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Steroid Use Controversies of the Sports World Term Paper

… Steroid Use

Controversies of the Sports World

Tough Choices: A Book about Substance Abuse

Use of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids in Adolescence: Winning, Looking

Good or Being Bad?

Athletes and Steroids: Playing a Deadly Game

Anabolic Steroid Abuse

Admissions before BALCO grand jury detailed

Romanowski: I broke RB's finger, took steroids, damaged brain

The Demonization of Anabolic Steroids I: What Makes These Hormones

So Evil?

What are Steroids?

Types of Steroids

Who Uses Steroids?

Reasons for Steroid Abuse

Performance Enhancement in Sports

Increasing Muscle Size

Problem Behavior

How Are Anabolic Steroids Used?

The Effects of Steroid Abuse

Masculinization in Women

Effect on Men

Cardiovascular Diseases

Liver and Skin



Telltale Signs of Steroid Abuse

Use of Anabolic Steroids in Baseball and Pro-Football

Jason Giambi

Bill Romanowsi…. [read more]

Sports Ethics Term Paper

… Sports Ethics

Winning isn't everything, it's the only thing" was the famous motto of the legendary football coach Vince Lombardi, which seems to have been taken to heart by the American society of late. It has put into the back-ground, the "old fashioned" advice for good sportsmanship that extolled the virtues of playing the game in the right spirit while downplaying the importance of winning and losing. The widespread use of steroids by high-profile athletes for boosting their performance, therefore, does not come as a surprise in a culture that puts such a high premium on "winning at all costs." But is there a pattern in the use of steroids? Is it being used across the board or are certain groups by sex, class or…. [read more]

Performance-Enhancing Drugs and Sports Research Paper

… Those who are in the professional level and win get more lucrative contracts and are then offered highly profitable endorsement deals (Freudenrich 2). Michael Jordan was a basketball player for the Chicago Bulls but his streak on the court led to many such deals so that even some twenty years after retirement he still pulls in millions of dollars a year through Nike shoes and other endorsements. In winning, there is a great deal of money to be made which is another source of pressure for athletes.

The steroid controversy is far from over but there are becoming more stern restrictions against the use of performance-enhancing drugs in competitive sports. One of the sporting world's most famous names and indeed the most famous bicyclist in…. [read more]

English Topic Steroid Essay

… However, this process is not possible and athletes who want to use steroids simply need to accept that it is probable for them to be negatively affected consequent to consuming substances enhancing their abilities.

Steroid use is essentially a form of cheating when considering athletes who use them. Because of their effectiveness, steroids create an inequitable advantage for individuals using them and virtually come against one of the most important rule in sports -- the one relating to how contests need to be fair. This made it possible for many athletes today to turn to steroids because they have trouble keeping up with contestants using artificial substances in order to improve their abilities. Cheating is normally considered to be wrong, but when considering the fact…. [read more]

Has the Use of Performance Enhancing Drugs of Professional Athletes Negatively Impacted Athletes and Sports? Term Paper

… Sports - Steroids in Sports


Pharmaceutical performance enhancement in sports and military combat has existed about as long as recorded history. In many cases, ancient athletes and warriors used some of the same stimulants and medicinal herbs commonly at issue today in connection with professional sports. In principle, it is immediately obvious why drugs taken immediately before competition to provide a momentary advantage would be anathema to the spirit of athletic competition (Bettman 2008; Stern 2008). Likewise, it is perfectly understandable to prevent irresponsible drug use by minors.

It is not immediately apparent, logically, why professional athletes should be prohibited from using drugs that enhance performance only indirectly, such as in conjunction with long-term training. It may be that the…. [read more]

Supplements in Sports Term Paper

… Sports Business and Ethics Issues

The Use Of Supplements

ethics - theoretical framework





The objective of this work is to research the issue of the use of supplements by athletes and how society views and deals with this issue including the moral theories and implications of this issue. This work will finally explain this stand on this issue and why it is morally defensible under "The Golden Rule" principle or the principle of (Life, Goodness, Justice, Honesty and Freedom)

The use of supplements by sports athletes is a highly controversial subject and one that Tommy Boone, Professor and Chair of the college located in…. [read more]

Sports Surfing and Other Underrated Sports Professional Essay

… Sports


Professional sports evolved tremendously in the United States during the 20th century. At the turn of the century, only Major League Baseball (MLB) existed even remotely in the same format into which it has developed a century later. Since then, American football, basketball, and ice hockey leagues assumed national prominence, together with other national sports like NASCAR, which actually originated during the Great Depression when illegal "rum runners" in the Southern states began modifying their cars to outrun the law enforcement authorities. Nevertheless, many other sports do not enjoy the same level of appreciation in the U.S. despite the fact that they are no less difficult and require comparable talent and dedication to pursue at a high level.

Discussion:…. [read more]

Legal Implications of Steroid Use by Amateur Term Paper

… ¶ … Legal Implications of Steroid Use by Amateur Athletes Today

Scarcely a day goes by when Americans are not confronted with headlines or commentators announcing the latest scandals of amateur or professional athletes being discovered taking steroids. Given the enormous amount of attention directed at this trend in recent years, many observers are left wondering what all of the fuss is really about. In order to discern the facts, this paper provides a review and discussion of the scholarly and peer-reviewed literature concerning steroid use among amateur and professional athletes, followed by an analysis of the salient issues. A summary of the research and recommendations are provided in the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Background and Overview.

The use of various performance-enhancing drugs by competitive…. [read more]

Ethical Effects of Steroids in Baseball Sports Research Paper

… ¶ … baseball policy and federal law in the United States of America have been violated by especially by players in Major League Baseball who have been for a long time involved in the wide spread of illegal anabolic steroids and other types of performance enhancing drugs (PEDs). During the evaluation of players, it has always been a routine by club officials to scrutinize all possibilities of such substance use. Most of the players who have illegally used this substance range from those who had brief careers in the major league to Baseball Hall of Fame potential members. These players include position players and pitchers, who have diverse backgrounds as the major league players.

In the past few years, many baseball players have achieved an…. [read more]

Effects of Anabolic Steroids on Teenagers Term Paper

… ¶ … Anabolic Steroids on Teenagers

The Effects of Anabolic Steroids on Teenagers: Article Review and Critique

Although many of the current media reports and the increased attention from governing bodies where sports are concerned may seem to imply otherwise, the use of performance-enhancing drugs (generally steroids) by athletes is not really seen to be a new phenomenon, and many of these steroids have very adverse psychological effects on those that take them (Kindlundh, Hagekull, Isacson, & Nyberg, 2001). According to the article by Kindlundh, Hagekull, Isacson, and Nyberg (2001), these effects can include aggressiveness, an increase in sexual desire, and an increase in masculine behaviors, as well as hallucinations, sleep disorders, anxiety, confusion, euphoria, and paranoia.

The study that they performed looked at competitive…. [read more]

High School Sports Recruitment the Dream Term Paper

… ¶ … High School Sports Recruitment

The dream of any competitive athlete, young or old, is to be recruited with the hopes of working professionally. Lure of fame and fortune is particularly poignant in adolescence, especially because of the celebrity status of professional athletes in all sports, from basketball to football to baseball to hockey. However, young athletes in high school are especially at risk for the disillusionment that comes with the territory of sports recruitment. Countless agencies currently offer their for-pay services for high school students promising fame, glory and big bucks for their participation. Such organizations sometimes cheat parents and students into buying pipe dreams. Often, such services are simply resume-building services that offer little in the way of true professional guidance. Reputable…. [read more]

High School Sports: Is the Character Essay

… High School Sports: is the Character they Build Bad?

Imagine if you will, dear reader, that a strappingly built British fellow were to appear before your school board. He has a brilliant, if rather odd, proposal to make. He suggests that your school should institute a modern derivation of several ancient past times. These rituals, he explains, have been used in ancient cultures as a way to serve their pagan deities, establish political dominance, train their warriors, and provide sexual gratification for the male elders of the culture who enjoyed watching beautiful youth compete in the nude or with skimpy clothing. This handsome Brit suggests that these games will build character in your high school students by encouraging them to hone their competitive urges, form…. [read more]

Public Affairs Management MLB and Steroids Term Paper

… Public Affairs Management: MLB and Steroids

Steroid use has been an important topic where Major League Baseball is concerned, and this has been seen to be more serious than in other sports. Many baseball players today are breaking records that have been around for some time, and with this taking place the talk of steroids has been increased, because it is believed that steroids are being used by these individuals in order to break these records. The purpose here is to look at the background of the issue through reviewing some literature on the subject, analyze what has been seen in that literature, and draw conclusions regarding the issue of Major League Baseball and steroids when it comes to public affairs management. The issue of…. [read more]

Ethics Honesty Term Paper

… Honesty in Athletics and the Classroom

Definition of the Quality

Honesty is the bedrock of my value system. Honesty is the first and most important value of any moral system. But what is honesty? There are many cliches attached to the ideal of honesty, like 'honest as the day is long' and 'Honest Abe,' but what does the word mean? As a starting point, the modern Merriam-Webster dictionary definition of "honesty" is "fairness and straightforwardness of conduct, coupled with "adherence to the facts."

Principles of the Quality

This definition suggests that the principles of honesty are those of plain dealing, selflessness, openness, and objectivity. A person who is honest does not treat other people differently, based upon prejudice or self-interest. An honest person does not…. [read more]

Reasons Major League Baseball Should Have Salary Cap Term Paper

… Salary Cap: Baseball

Sports is business -- big business. However, as stratospheric as the revenue may be that is generated by all of the major league sports in America, this is truer for baseball than any other team sport. In baseball, players have tremendous personal leveraging power in negotiating their salaries. The other major spectator sports in the U.S. -- hockey, football, basketball -- have salary caps for their players. Baseball alone does not. The consequences of this are obvious -- with grinding predictability, the major franchises that can afford to buy the top players dominate the game. The idea of a baseball team 'underdog' winning the World Series -- the baseball equivalent of the NY Giants' victory over the undefeated New England Patriots in…. [read more]

What Was the Black Sox Scandal and Who Is Guilty? Term Paper

… ¶ … Black Sox scandal and who is guilty?

"Say it ain't so Joe." Scandals about steroids and other dubious practices in professional sports have become common in the modern era. However, it is easy to forget that the ideal of the 'clean' American ballplayer has been shattered many times, ever since the apocryphal little boy begged his idol, "Shoeless" Joe Jackson, to say that it wasn't so that the Chicago White Sox had accepted a bribe from the Mafia to throw the 1919 World Series. The Black Sox scandal tarnished the image of the sport for years as well as the legacy of what was considered to be the greatest team in baseball at the time.

While it is easy to see parallels between…. [read more]

Protein Intake in High School Swimmers Literature Review

… Protein Intake in High School Swimmers

Nutrition is a key element to top athletic performance, be it at a professional, collegiate, or even high school level. Regardless of what sport an athlete is pursuing, without proper nutrition, all of the workouts and talent in the world will not let them perform at their best without the proper nutrition. At the top levels of sport, food is no longer just food, but instead is seen as fuel that always serves a specific purpose. Gone are the days when athletes strove to meet the levels recommended on the daily intake triangle, and instead today each athlete has a specific number of carbohydrates, protein, and fat calories that they are striving for each day. Protein is a building…. [read more]

Pete Rose Term Paper

… The purpose of the meeting was to discuss what Rose could do to clear his name with baseball. Rose may pretend that he doesn't care about the Hall of Fame, but everyone who knows him says that "it is desperately important to him" (Jacobson A76). Morgan and the others had planned to tell Rose that he "should admit his mistake, get professional help and then take his contrition back to baseball" (Jacobson A76). The meeting was scheduled and everyone was there except Rose. He never showed up. This leaves Morgan and many others who are trying to help Rose gain induction in the Hall of Fame, frustrated. Moreover, many say it is an all too typical example of the arrogance of Charlie Hustle (Jacobson A76).…. [read more]

Current Events Medical-Marijuana on July Essay

… From a time when the use of steroids and other drugs were considered a legitimate form of enhancing performance, these types of drugs have become socially unacceptable and legally intolerable. This scandal has also created a dilemma within the ranks of major league sports; are those who used performance enhancing drugs and now hold records to keep their records. There are many who believe that the current records for most homeruns, and others won by those accused of doping should either be removed, or have an asterisk next to it to indicate that the record was not won in a fair and legal manner. This scandal has also taken its toll on those who used these drugs and then lied about it. Many have been…. [read more]

Football Popularity Essay

… That view might not hold, however, in light of the fact that baseball is not played much by women and their equivalent, softball, is regarded as an amateur curiosity at best. Baseball may be more genteel, but it is not feminine in any meaningful way.

That all violent sports rose while non-violent sports fell in popularity seems to be a telling statistic, however. Violence in sports is something that brings with it entertainment value. In any football game, be it a blowout or a snoozefest, there will be moments of intensity and contact. This is not necessarily going to be the case in a non-violent sport. Just as there are big hits in every hockey game and crashes at every NASCAR race, there is a…. [read more]

Greek Football Crisis Dissertation

… ¶ … country of Greece is experiencing an ever-increasing financial crisis that some people suggest has worsened the sport of football within Greece and amongst Greek players. An olden past time, the Ancient Greeks played numerous ball games involving the feet. The first Greek team game, Episkyros, was then adapted by the Romans into harpastum and even mentioned by Antiphanes in his written work. Similar to present day rugby football, ancient football involved teamwork and footwork. Rich in history and scandal, Greek football has had its fair share of problems before the great financial crisis of present day.

The ones that see the issues surrounding Greek football blame it on the structure of the teams and the lack of regulation among players and leagues. People…. [read more]

What Should Jobs Be Worth? Term Paper

… Entertainer Compensation

The subject of compensation and who should be earning what is a highly charged subject in the United States and around the world. The subject of who is paid what is dripping heavily from any conversation that relates to labor unions, the pay of company executives, the minimum wages and so forth. However, two job classes that get a particular amount of scrutiny when it comes to the amount of the salaries would be sports athletes and actors or actresses. Indeed, these two types of employees are often paid millions of dollars for what many consider to be a hobby or easy to do. This report shall explore the ethical and social questions about these people being paid what they are and the…. [read more]

Breast Cancer Treatment Introduction

… , 2003; Li, Malone, & Daling, 2003). Once remedy for prevention of cancer was mentioned earlier, i.e. annual mammography screening. But when should a woman start the cycle of annual mammography screening. According to the extensive research work, annual screening should start at the age of 40 to reduce fatality rates (American Cancer Society, 2006b).

Work of HBM was concerned with different aspects of mammography screening. The first step was to identify the reasons behind women's attitude towards cancer screening. Therefore, a sample of women was selected to fill a questionnaire. The sample represented groups of women in favor of screening and women who oppose this. Results were concluded using relationships between different variables of HBM. Along with this, multivariable regression models were used to…. [read more]

Drug Abuse of Both Legal Term Paper

… There have been a number of initiatives to counteract the negative effect of drugs on society. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), was created in 1973 in order to enforce laws and policies concerning drug abuse. The DEA is also responsible for coordinating information sharing between federal, local, and state agencies (The Columbia Encyclopedia, 2001).

There have also been a number of financial initiatives to fight drug abuse in the United States. In 1999, the United States' federal government budgeted $17.9 billion for drug control. This money was slated to a variety of uses, including prevention, treatment, international law enforcement, prison and prosecution. Over ten years earlier, The Anti-Drug Abuse Acts of 1986 and 1988 provided increased funding for rehabilitation and treatment for drug users (The…. [read more]

Ethics and Its Impact in the Sports World Research Proposal

… ¶ … Ethics on Sports

"It is only with the heart that one can see rightly;

what is essentially invisible to the eye"

the Fox in the Little Prince

(Kreyche, 2007, ¶ 8).

In sports, "gray areas" regarding whether participating in a particular behavior is ethical or not ethical appear to be increasing. Diana E. Avans (2007), Vanguard University, asserts in the article, "Youth and ethical dilemmas in sport," that even though questions about the athlete's character have been addressed for centuries, the current noted increases in moral dilemmas in the sports' arenas do affect athletes today. Today, along with the reported increase in "gray areas" regarding ethics, professional and business organizations also complain that in society, the lack of honesty is rampant, and that…. [read more]

Perfection Genetic Engineering Essay

… The use of genetic engineering to treat diseases or injuries does not raise similar concerns, but as Sandel (2004, p. 335) suggests, honors nature instead by seeking to fulfill our naturally-determined destinies. By limiting genetic engineering efforts to medical conditions we therefore remain within the realm of religious humility. Sandel further suggests that parents must strive for a balance between 'accepting love' and 'transforming love' to prevent becoming apathetic on one hand or engaging in hyperparenting on the other. This sentiment suggests that we should accept ourselves and others as we are, yet still strive for improvement within the limits of accepting love. This same sentiment, when applied to all genetic engineering applications, would force us to accept and respect the limits of our ability…. [read more]

Entomology of Village Life Essay

… ¶ … Entomology of Village Life," there are different characters who are friends. There is Buddy and Colin who are great friends. Colin and Buddy encountered a scenario that made them witnesses in the essay. The two wanted to spend some time together and as the routine was, Buddy had come for Colin. Buddy would go to Colin's place, make noises around the trees, and scratch the dirt so that Colin could hear going around sniffing mole holes to raise attention and snapping at dandelions. When Colin heard all this and looked up, he saw Buddy standing stiff, and immediately heard a sound that was a moan. Colin jumped and the two looked at each other and they all heard the moan for the second…. [read more]

Hawaiian Sovereignty Background- the Newest Research Paper

… Hawaiian Sovereignty

Background- The newest of the 50 States, Hawaii, became an official State of the Union on August 21, 1959. It is the only U.S. State made up entirely of islands. A popular tourist spot, its location gives it a multi-cultural feel, both Asian and Western. Hawaii is one of four U.S. States that were independent prior to joining the Union (Vermont, 1791; Texas, 1845; and California, 1846) (U.S. Code 7512.Findings). Historically, Hawaii was likely settled by people of Polynesian descent and Bora in the 11th century. The first recorded Western contact was in 1778 by British Captain James Cook, who named the Islands The Sandwich Islands, in honor of his sponsor, the Earl of Sandwich. His log indicates that the native called their…. [read more]

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