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Stimulus Plan's Affect on Transportation Industry Research Paper

… Transportation Infrastructure Implications of the Federal Stimulus Plan

The White House's economic stimulus plan has potentially far-reaching implications for all Americans. The plan has set up a means for local and region governments to request funds for transportation infrastructure projects. Part of the plan also includes an innovation investment, where firms and individuals are encouraged to develop new technologies and ideas to help boost transportation infrastructure efficiency, among other things, and to help rebuild the shattered economy. The White House claims that the $100 billion dollar innovation investment will help to generate new technologies and approaches to transportation. There are many different approaches to how this money should be spent, some more altruistic while other approaches are entirely political. The new transportation infrastructure will certainly…. [read more]

Transportation Economic Stimulus Plan Research Paper

… Transportation Considerations Across America

The current White House economic stimulus plan for transportation should have a considerable impact on a number of different facets of transportation in the United States. The generous stimulus plan should significantly affect aspects of transportation from infrastructure changes to policy, business and commerce to the people's lives that depend on various transportation systems for both work and pleasure. Not all of these ramifications are projected to create a positive impact, as there are some undesirable results that will doubtlessly occur as well. Overall, however, this much needed infusion of capital in this vital area of the nation's foundation should help to ameliorate multiple issues currently plaguing the country's transportation system.

The effects on the nation's infrastructure should be formidable. Currently,…. [read more]

Stimulus Bill Political Communication Research Paper

… 1). McCain and other Senate Republicans claimed that the bill was passed too quickly and wasteful government spending was allowed to creep into the bill (AP, 2009, p.1).

McCain largely criticized Democratic dismissal of Republican concerns over the massive status of the package. He noted that the whole point was to enact tax cuts and spending measures that truly stimulate the economy. McCain believed there were billions and tens of billions of dollars in the bill which would have no effect within three, four, five, or more years, or as he continuously noted -- ever (McCain, 2009, p.1.)

While Democratic ideology aligned with a model representative of Keynesian

economics, Republicans called for government spending in a manner that would align with the ideology presented in…. [read more]

Stimulus Discuss the Long-Range Effects Essay

… Elaborate on how an emissions tax designed to reduce carbon dioxide will impact the macro economy in general and industrial growth and development.

Emissions taxes are seen as good for the environment in the long run. They force industries to adopt environmentally friendly techniques and to use more fuel-efficient vehicles for transportation. However, emissions taxes can be costly for industry because of the need to adopt new technology. When input costs go up, prices go up and this expense is passed along to the consumer. Increased costs of goods and services result in decreased demand, if wages remain constant. Thus, many have argued against raising the emissions tax during recessionary times.

However, there is still a clear argument in favor of raising the emissions tax,…. [read more]

2007 Economic Crisis on American Thesis

… S.

One of the main factors which incremented this crisis even more was the expensive cost of automobile fuel, this was linked to the global oil crisis which occurred before the automobile crisis. The rise in fuel prices caused the general consumer to shift in their demand and they now opted to buy except for the large vehicles such as pickup trucks or SUV's as compared to the other vehicles available in the market since the larger vehicles tend to use more fuel.

Another major factor which aggravated the crisis was the considerably high cost of labor which was greater as compared to the labor's counterparts in non-unions, this included salaries, healthcare benefits, pensions and other related job benefits. The management while demanding labor peace…. [read more]

Government Business Relations a Comparison Between Models in the United States and Japanese Automobile Industries Essay

… Government-Business Relations

Since the end of World War II, Japan has evolved from a country that was a conquered nation, to one that would rebuild to become an economic powerhouse. As they rebuilt key industries, that would help it to dominate markets; that were once the exclusive territory of overseas competitors. In the case the auto industry, the changes that took place helped the Japanese automakers to become some of the largest and most profitable organizations in the world. A good example of this can be seen with Toyota overtaking General Motors as the largest producer of small cars and trucks. ("Japanese Auto Industry," n.d.) This is significant because it underscores how the differences in philosophy; between the government to business relationship is helping the…. [read more]

Harley Davidson Media Plan Term Paper

… Harley-Davidson made motorcycle has the leading position in the market and sustains its reputation as the motorcycle of choice for motorcycle riders. That reputation has been linked largely with male riders, and indeed males are the largest group interested in purchasing motorcycles by far. The company now seeks to expand its customer base by attracted more females to motorcycle riding and wants to do this by finding ways to appeal to potential female riders. The reputation of the motorcycle to date has been tied to macho attitudes coupled with ideas about personal freedom and the traditional lure of the open road. Many men are drawn to these attitudes and images and see motorcycle riding as a way of fulfilling the need. The question now raised…. [read more]

Stimulus Bill Research Proposal

… Urban Studies

Stimulus Bill

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, also known as H.R.1, is a government spending plan that is intended to move the country out of the recession and to prevent complete economic disaster. The goals include job preservation and creation as well as infrastructure improvement, energy efficiency and investment in science (Transit in the Obama Administration's 2009 Stimulus Bill, 2009). Supports predict that the package will save or create 3.5 million jobs. Almost $282 billion is devoted to tax cuts, including breaks for individuals and businesses. The spending includes expanded unemployment benefits, food stamps, health care subsidies for those that are laid off and aid to states. It also includes spending for construction of highways and bridges, school renovations and…. [read more]

Toll Roads Term Paper

… Privatization of America's Highway Infrastructure

Brief History of Public Roads

The Role of States

Federal Efforts to Build Our Highway System

What is the Answer?

Increased corporate taxes and revenue for localities

Fears of price gouging

Competition leads to better management

Managing downside risk

Examples of privatization at work

Chicago Skyway

Considerations for future Pennsylvania projects

The future of New Jersey highways

Advantages vs. consumer fears

Hybrid techniques

Solutions must consider local situation

The Privatization of America's Highway Infrastructure

"I am aware, Gentleman, that the want of a good, permanent road is, at present, the principal defect in the communication between the middle counties and the metropolis." - Thomas Mifflin, Pennsylvania Governor 1791

Roads are one of the oldest elements of the infrastructure of any…. [read more]

Public Budgeting Comparisons Research Paper

… In the FY 2011 it was mentioned that the St. Lawrence Seaway remained open for 99% of the time during the shipping season. Continuous efforts are also being made to ensure that the flow of traffic on the roadways is improved as well. Although decrease in delay was noticed in many areas but these results were not very clear due to the delays that took place on the borders. It was noticed that in NY, WA, Buffalo and Blaine, the delays increased. However, five crossings were observed and it was noted than from among those, in three, the delay decreased (U.S. DOT, 2011). Please refer to the details below for performance measures on global connectivity (U.S. DOT, 2011).

Environmental Stewardship

When it comes to the…. [read more]

Compare and Contrast Roosevelt's New Deal and Obama's Stimulus Plan Thesis

… ¶ … President Roosevelt's New Deal and President Obama's stimulus plan, the circumstances surrounding both plans and the possible ramifications of both plans.

President Barack Obama came to office in 2009. To have an African-American in the White House was unprecedented. Soon after Mr. Obama took the oath of office he articulated a vision of what he meant by "hope and change" during the campaign. He offered hope and change from the doldrums that the United States was facing. Doldrums, the word is about a sense of malaise accompanied by a feeling that circumstances are not moving in the positive direction. The word finds its origins from sailors of the past who often found themselves (and their sailing vessels) stalled on high seas for days…. [read more]

Ethics in Southwest Airlines Term Paper

… Ethics in Southwest Airlines

An Overview of the Business Ethics of Southwest airlines

How Southwest Airlines handle the various crises?

The ethical responsibility of southwest today and for the future

Ethics in South West Airlines

How can one single company enjoy so much success in its chosen field of operations? What is the business ethics of the company that has it one of the chosen best among hundreds of others and has it listed in a most coveted position as one of the best corporate companies of the world? The business ethics of the company must be analyzed in detail to gain answers to these questions and in this paper we have provided an overview of the business ethics of Southwest Airlines. The Southwest Airlines…. [read more]

Canadian Red Wine Business Plan for Los Angeles California Business Plan

… Canadian Red Wine

This is a preliminary plan for the Tropika company to develop a unit that will import Canadian red wine into the Los Angeles market and establish that product as a viable item for the low to medium priced wine consumer. Canadian wine has a long history, but it is not well-known in the U.S. market. In contrast, American wines, especially from California, are very well-known in the Canadian market and have a good share of the Canadian wine market. California wineries have sought to keep out other wines from the market for some time, but that has less power in a time of free trade and globalization. The consumer does not know Canadian wine and must be educated to its value. The…. [read more]

Ecological Approach to Management Invasive Species Essay

… Ecosystems / Invasive Species

The Ecosystem Approach to Management (EAM) follows ten basic principles. The first is hierarchical context, which insists on examining biodiversity at ever level within the ecosystem under management. Next is attention to ecological boundaries, with the awareness that many ecosystems are additionally affected by political boundaries that may hinder the attempt to regard the ecosystem as a whole. The third principle is a kind of corollary to this, emphasizing a regard for ecological integrity, namely to regard any given ecosystem as an extremely complex whole, which is capable of responding in unpredictable ways to external stressors. The fourth principle is arguably the most important for land management, and this is the adaptive approach to management: this means that, given the complexity…. [read more]

Brockton, Massachusetts: Use Essay

… (14) Asian/PI men in Brockton are more than twice as likely to be hospitalized for respiratory disease as Asian/PI men in the rest of the state and Asian/PI women are almost four times as likely to be hospitalized for circulatory system disease as Asian/PI women in the rest of the state.

(15) When examining other health indicators, Brockton has more than one and a half times the rate of newly diagnosed AIDS cases, sixty-seven times the rate of Syphilis, almost twice the rate of Chlamydia and more than one and a half times the rate of Gonorrhea as compared to the statewide rates.

(16) Brockton also has more than one and a half times the statewide rate of admission to DPH-funded substance abuse facilities.

(17)…. [read more]

Southwest vs. JetBlue the Airline Essay

… As stimulus activities create a more accommodative environment in regards to interest rates, more money is flowing into the economy. This money will eventually cause inflation those increasing the cost of commodities such as fuel. This rising energy costs if left unchecked will result in higher fuel costs for airlines. As margins are already thin, a large portion of these costs will be transferred to the consumer. Now, both Southwest and JetBlue are very aggressive with their respective hedging strategies. They both engage in the practice of hedging fuel prices in an effort to lock in a predetermined rate. If fuel prices continue to rise, as they are anticipated to do over the long-term, both Southwest and JetBlue will be safe guarded from adverse consequences.…. [read more]

Merger Activity Due in Large Term Paper

… ¶ … merger activity due in large part to the internationalization of trade, the globalization of the transportation industry and innovations in telecommunications. Mergers have been used for a wide range of purposes, including achieving a synergistic effect, breaking up corporations that have become too large and unwieldy, and to help companies expend their market share in other regions. Over time, merger activity tends to assume a pattern of waves that can be attributed to several known factors such as severe economic shock or lax government regulatory polices, but a wide range of other factors have also been shown to contribute to the cyclical pattern of wave mergers, an issue that is the focus of this study. The primary aims of this study were to…. [read more]

Waste Management as a Result Term Paper

… Waste Management as a result of the RCRA


Waste management and the landfill industry in general have emerged in the past few decades as an area of concern for citizens, government officials and policy makers alike. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) was designed to govern the handling and disposal of "hazardous wastes" at sites that were then currently active. The RCRA affects sites where such wastes were treated, stored or disposed of since November 19, 1980. Thus, any person that generates "hazardous waste" is governed, as are persons that treat, store or dispose of hazardous wastes. This paper will discuss the changes in the waste management and landfill industry as a result…. [read more]

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Term Paper

… American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 was designed to stimulate the economy and help America recover from the recession. It was passed by the Congress in February of 2009. Designed to promote both jobs and investment, the Recovery Act followed other recovery programs that were passed during the Bush presidency. The measures in the Recovery Act add up to $787 billion, in both short- and long-term plans. The bill was voted down by most of the Republicans in Congress, but there were enough Democrats in both the House and the Senate to get the bill through. By September of 2009, less than 20% of the stimulus money had been handed out, with the rest to be spread out over time. There were pros and…. [read more]

Grandparent Caregivers Societal Antecedents as Predictors Dissertation

… Grandparent Caregivers

Societal Antecedents as Predictors of Resilience, Caregiving/Parenting Stress and Coping Strategies in Custodial and Non-Custodial Grandmothers of African-American or African Decent

The past three decades have seen a break from the traditional nuclear family roles. During this time, society has witnessed a dramatic increase in the number of children being raised by their grandparents. Many grandparents assume the role of primary caregiver for their grandchildren and/or childcare provider because of the impact of numerous societal antecedents which cause the parent or parents to be absent from the home. These societal antecedents include child abandonment, and/or neglect, parental employment obligations, parental education endeavors, and parental military obligations. These represent the key reasons for grandparents assuming the care of grandchildren. This comes at a time…. [read more]

Slow USA Econ Recovery Chapter IV Term Paper

… Slow USA Econ Recovery

Chapter IV -- Summary

Chapter V -- Recommendations

There has always been a disharmony between economic theory and economic reality as it relates to the actions execute to stimulate and sustain economic growth. Whether it be Keynesian actions or actions more tailored towards the supply-side argument, there is not always a smooth translation between economic practice and the ensuing results. At the very least there is always a lag and it is sometimes hard to decipher where action "A" truly led to result "B" and/or whether it even inhibited it.

This line of thought has become even more poignant and clearer through situations like the economic recovery in the United States after the so-called "Great Recession" that ran from 2007 to…. [read more]

Outsourcing of Government Functions a US Study Term Paper

… Government Outsourcing

The Outsourcing of Government Functions: a U.S. Study

Outsourcing of government functions is one of the most highly controversial practices of the 21st century. There are several prevailing positions regarding the outsourcing of government contracts to private companies. Valid arguments exist for increasing government outsourcing and for limiting future outsourcing as well. Regardless of which side one happens to be one, once thing is certain, outsourcing is a trend that is likely to continue in the future, particularly in the face of the global economy and advances in communication that make it easier than it was in the past.

By March of 2007, the number of government contractors rose to 7.5 million, which is currently four times the size of the federal workforce…. [read more]

What Is Wrong With Gas Prices Today? Term Paper

… ¶ … Drp)

What is wrong with Gas Prices?

I am afraid, not many Americans will agree with my point-of-view, when I submit that what is wrong with gas prices is that we have become used to low gas prices. I believe that higher energy prices will benefit United States and our planet in many ways, and I for one would be willing to accept the sharp shock that high energy prices will deal to the gas guzzling ways we, the Americans have taken far granted. (Ferguson, 2006) in an article in the Telegraph joked that if gasoline reached $3 per gallon in United Kingdom, people would be queuing from Beaconsfield to Brighton to buy it. When the price of gasoline hit $3 per gallon…. [read more]

Marx Capitalism and Class Term Paper

… Capitalism and Class Ecdriesbaugh

Capitalism and Class

Marx and Engels stated, "The class, which is the ruling material force of society, is at the same time its ruling intellectual force. The class which has the means of material production at its disposal has control at the same time over the means of mental production, so thereby, the ideas of those who lack the means of mental production are subject to it..." (Marx & Engles, 1848, pg. 64). In other words, the class with the most money has the means to strongly influence the economy; therefore, this ruling class has the power to affect the lives of anyone categorized in a class that is deemed lower than the dominating group. But class is not just a…. [read more]

Harrison Company Executive Summary Capstone Project

… This will also require aggressive and focused marketing leadership, as well as some additional sophisticated strategic planning.

Part 5- Leadership and Group Dynamics- It is clear from the information presented that the company is in trouble. It has rested on its laurels and older way of managing for decades, and must now either reinvent itself or die. The trends downward are indicative of a need for drastic measures, and while change management is difficult, it is clear that the following steps need to be taken immediately:

1. Analysis of profitability by store factoring in increased costs of gas, shipping, wages, etc. This may mean closure of outlying stores, reducing in hours, or simply opening up some of the medium and long-range stores during the Plus…. [read more]

Disrupting America's Economic System Term Paper

… The U.S. Treasury, led by Andrew Shaw, subsidized these gold flows by offering to temporarily place public deposits in banks if they imported gold from abroad.

The policy lowered the gold import point by offsetting the interest lost while gold was in transit. Goodhart [1969], however, notes that the gold import point was often low enough to have justified specie inflows without the subsidy. In the fixed exchange rate world of 1906, such large gold outflows were a significant threat to a country's ability to maintain the par value of its currency, which, for the pound sterling, was $4.867.

Faced with its lowest ratio of reserves to deposits since the 1893 crisis, the Bank of England nearly doubled its discount rate, from 3 1/2% on…. [read more]

Environmental Politics Term Paper

… ¶ … Political Patterns in Environmental Issues: An Urban Environmental Re-Development Platform

America's environmental policy orientation has endured a tumultuous and often compromised path. Though at one point during its early inception in the 1960s and 1970s, the United States was considered a global leader in environmental reform and regulatory improvement, its progress would be frequently curtailed by political pressures, economic interests and the absence of a unified public will. Today, with Democratic President Barrack Obama preparing to embark on a bid for reelection, the conditions surrounding America's environmental policy have shifted. With this shift comes an historic opportunity for the president to make environmental reform a centerpiece of his campaign. A maneuver that might have been considered a politically deadly gambit for a liberal…. [read more]

World Poor Thesis

… ¶ … aloud or in writing, making the reflective report exercise a valuable addition to the learning process. This reflective report recounts the events that took place during the research process for the study, "Identifying Marketing Opportunities to Combat Global Poverty," including a recollection of individual experiences, the personal feeling and learning that were experienced, as well as the group dynamics and learning that were derived from the experience. A review of lessons learned that can be used in future projects is followed by a summary of the reflective report entries in the conclusion.

Recollection of Experiences

Perhaps the overriding perception that emerged during the earliest phases of the research process concerned the extent of the problem of global poverty and how it affected the…. [read more]

Department Management Dear City Council President Essay

… Department Management

Dear City Council President,

As with all departments of the City of Lowell, the minimum 10% reduction from the previous year's budget will force: difficult choices and tough decisions to accommodate the city council's recommended cuts. In case of the police department, we will work as diligently as possible areas to provide the same great services to the community as in the past (even with a 10% budget reduction). as, less staff (both in administration as well as police officers) indicates more responsibility of work. Where, only mandatory training is approved and additional cost-cutting will be detailed further in this memo.

The Lowell Police Department understands the severity of the budget and that this is only one of many departments in with the…. [read more]

Designing a Specific Educational Program Adult Literacy Thesis

… Adult Literacy Educational Program Design

Nature And Extent Of The Problem

institutional and personal context for the program






















Adult literacy is an important issue in today's communities and society-at-large and as more communities and the overall society increasingly becomes more diverse the…. [read more]

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