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Stress and Its Effect on the Brain Research Paper

… Stress and Effects on Brain

Stress and Its Effect on the Brain

Neuropsychological research into human stress response is extensive, although progress in understanding the chemical changes in the brain due to stress has only happened in the last 30 years (Wallenstein, 2003). Stress is an important field of scientific research since it spans from distress in everyday life to more extreme manifestations of stress in mental disorders such as depression (Modell & Holsboer, 2005) and schizophrenia (Lewine, 2005). Stress touches most every child and adult's life in various ways. Traumatic stress rises in the events of war, abuse, assault, rape, childhood loss, or car accidents, among other events. Often such events lead to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is a pervasive form of chronic…. [read more]

Stress and CAD Essay

… The cardiovascular response to stress appears real, exquisitely complicated, and modifiable to a point. When a significant stressor continues or the person broods there are potential adverse cardiac issues and other health problems. But stress is not specific in its effects; that is that some people may experience ulcers, others heart issues, and others may have other health-related effects from stress. Since the effects of stress are potentially modifiable, high risk populations should receive assistance altering their behaviors and altering their cognitions.


Bosma, H., Peter, R., Siegrist, J., & Marmot, M. (1998). Two alternative job stress models and the risk of coronary artery disease. American Journal of Public Health, 88, 68 -- 74.

Lazarus, R.S. (1966). Psychological stress and the coping process. New York:…. [read more]

How Stress Effects Memory in Adults Research Proposal

… ¶ … Stress effects Memory in Adults

How Stress affects Memory in Adults

Great consensus is formed on effect of stress on memory of adults. Stress is greatly associated to memory functions especially so among adults Nelson & Carver, 2008.

The brain behavior among the adult according to Nelson and Carver (2008)

is related to daily work load undertaken. Sauro, Jorgensen, and Pedlow (2003)

claim that remembering with a degree of accuracy the some events in our personal life come as a difficulty while under stress compared to remembering world events.

Definition of Stress

The best way to appreciate what stress is it to consider the original use of the word stress. In this context we look at the use of the term stress by…. [read more]

Stress Management the Stress Emotions Term Paper

… For instance, identify why I am feeling stressed (what, why, and appraise it). By reappraising I need to explain the event from a different perspective(s). I believe that this is really important for me. I tend to react to my perception of how I feel which I should accept, but just because something initially results in distress or discomfort does not mean that I should let it own me. When I found out my grandmother had congestive heart failure I was rightfully distressed, but why let that feeling rule me? The important thing was to be with her, make her feel better, and spend time with her. Once I explain the event for different perspectives I think it is ok to integrate those perspectives to…. [read more]

Stress Is an Unavoidable Fact Research Paper

… In these cases, there is a greater likelihood that the presence of stress will result in severe problems.

At some point everyone enters that period of life identified as adulthood (Lewis). The commencement of adulthood differs from individual to individual but is exemplified by the earmarks of adulthood such as family, work, and establishing roots in a home of some nature whether through renting or owning. In today's society this usually means getting married, having children, acquiring a mortgage, mounting credit card bills, and dealing with the declining health of their parents. These life realities cause individuals to begin examining their lives in regard to their relationships, their work, and their future. It is in this period of life that physical and biological changes begin…. [read more]

Stress Management Stress Evaluation Thesis

… In the following sections, understanding of the dimensions and measures related to stress evaluation and intervention will be contextualized through the PSM. Further into this proposed study, all dimensions and measures uncovered in the literature review will be assessed and eventually interpreted through this model. That is, for this proposed study, the working theoretical framework and model would be anchored on the basic components and routes illustrated in the Psychological Stress Model.

Stress Evaluation -- Dimensions and Measures. Review of literature on stress evaluation per se yielded different dimensions and measures that attempt to determine this concept quantitatively. Moeini (2008) dimensionalized stress evaluation in terms of self-efficacy, positing that perceived self-efficacy is an indication of one's susceptibility to stress. Moeini's study's hypothesis suggests general self-efficacy…. [read more]

Stress What Does Term Paper

… Stress

What does Stress actually mean and connote? Stress is a state of tension and mental strain or suspense, and it is also a force that is responsible for producing a certain amount of strain on the physical body. Some sort of disturbance or anguish in the mind could cause it, and stress is generally accompanied by a whole lot of worries and anxieties and constant doubts and fears, and also, at times, suspicions and doubts. (Definition of Stress on the Web) Stress is found everywhere and is so widespread a phenomenon that it is almost impossible to read a newspaper or a magazine without seeing some sort of reference to the word 'Stress'. What is the reason for the obsession and fascination with the…. [read more]

Brain Research and a Brain Friendly (Compatible) Term Paper

… Brain Research and a Brain Friendly (Compatible) Classroom

Review of the Relevant Literature

This chapter reviews the peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning recent brain research findings and its sources over the past 10-15 years. Following an overview of the subject, a discussion about the "critical periods" in a child's brain development will show that there is powerful new evidence from neuroscience that the early years of development set the base for competence and coping skills that affect learning, behavior and health throughout life. The findings from this research could be used to enhance or better yet enrich how to better develop the minds so that learning can be maximized in the classroom.

Background and Overview.

The nation's schools are struggling to meet the needs of…. [read more]

Psychoactive Drugs the Drug Chosen Essay

… Most likely because cocaine gives the user such an instant feeling of euphoria and well-being that only lasts for short while, once the drug has worn off feelings of depression and lethargy replace any feelings of happiness (Emery, & Oltmanns, 2010).

Given that cocaine increases the sympathetic nervous system, an action that is normally activated in people who are in flight or fight mode, the body itself is in a constant state of disruption and deprivation (Emery, & Oltmanns, 2010). Most likely, a cocaine abuser would not be eating and not be sleeping while using the drug, and while the user is high on cocaine, the sympathetic nervous system is working overtime during the entire episode of use. "Studies indicate that sleep restriction [deprivation] can…. [read more]

Stress Refers to a State of Tension Thesis

… Stress refers to a state of tension that the mind and the body are subjected to in response to real or perceived threats. The term stress was originally coined by the Canadian endocrinologist Hans Selye in 1936, who defined stress as "the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change" [AIS] There is no one single definition for the term and a generally accepted definition of stress is "a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceives that demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize." [AIS] During his experimental studies on animal subjects, Selye noted that exposing animals to irritant and dangerous physical or chemical stimulus (such as heavy noise, glaring light, etc.) resulted in a common…. [read more]

How Forgiveness Effects Human Health Thesis

… S. structuring an eighteen-step procedure of forgiveness. It listed the following development.

  • Assessment of psychological defenses.

  • The resistance of annoyance; the point is to liberate, not dock, the annoyance.

  • Acceptance of disgrace, when this is suitable.

  • Consciousness of harm.

  • Consciousness of cognitive practice (rerunning the scene frequently in one's brain) of the wrongdoing

  • Consciousness that the offended group might be contrasting self with the injurer.

  • Consciousness into a probably distorted 'righteous world' vision. [Issue of justice]

  • Transformations of heart/adaptation/original insights that old declaration plans are not functioning.

  • A readiness to discover forgiveness as an alternative.

  • Assurance to forgive the wrongdoer.

  • Restructuring, during role taking, who the offender is by screening him or her in background.

  • Compassion in the direction of the wrongdoer.

  • Consciousness of…. [read more]

Stress Each of Us Term Paper

… The most common sign indicating that stress affects the cardiovascular system is the fast beating of the heart.

Researches indicate that relaxation is an effective remedy on the effects of stress on cardiovascular system. One of which is breathing exercises. This serves as a preventive measure that helps the cardiovascular system control high blood pressure and the effects of stress.

Effects of Stress on the Immune System

The immune system of the body acts as fighters and defenders against negative elements such as stress. Scientific studies suggest that part of our body that helps the immune system fight stress is a component of our brain that controls the stress response, the hypothalamus. Our brain releases stress hormones through the pituitary and adrenal glands. The immune…. [read more]

Brain Scans as Evidence Research Proposal

… Brain Scans as Evidence

"Brain images provide insight to understanding behavior.

Additionally, the images themselves carry great impact, particularly when used to show differences in either the anatomy or the biological functioning of two different brains.

For these reasons, brain images have increasingly been used

in both criminal and civil trials"

Even though images from brain scans may be used as "evidence" in trials, researchers regularly relate a number of concerns that currently challenge the perception the quote introducing this study asserts. In fact, lshani Ganguli (2007), Harvard University, cites Nancy Kanwisher, a professor of cognitive neuroscience at MIT, to assert in the article, lshani Ganguli "Watching the Brain Lie": "[Functional magnetic resonance imaging] fMRI Is a Messy Muddy Mixed Field...[That Requires] Extremely Well Trained…. [read more]

Stress Cortisol Secretion Article Critique

… Stress, Cortisol Secretion

In any workplace, one of the most important factors seems to be on-the-job training. This means that new employees become aware of the practical requirements and challenges of the specific work he or she is to do. The most important component of this is that practical training tends to reduce employee stress and cultivates work experience and subsequent excellence. When I read the article, one of the most striking things to me was therefore that there seems to be a distinctive lack of practical training that approaches the situations that employees in police and military companies might encounter during their work. Concomitantly, it was also interesting to find that, even now, in the age where stress is recognized as a primary factor…. [read more]

Stress Statement of Authorship Essay

… Students may also need to identify the main sources of their stress, so that they can develop effective and personalized stress management plans. If, for example, work is a source of stress, the student can investigate alternative means of income. Spending quality time with friends and family members should not take the back burner to work, even when loads are heavy. Students under a lot of pressure might need to reduce their course work in order to stay healthy. Finally, students need to remember the importance of good physical mental health maintenance. Being assertive is one psychological tool of stress reduction, which helps avoid build-up of emotions like frustration and anger. Listening to music and even reading for pleasure can greatly reduce stress levels in…. [read more]

Media Violence on Children's Social Article Review

… In this regard, Garbardino et al. report that, "Children exposed to gun violence may experience negative short- and long-term psychological effects, including anger, withdrawal, posttraumatic stress, and desensitization to violence. All of these outcomes can feed into a continuing cycle of violence" (2002, p. 73).

As with other types of violence in the media, there are some groups of young people who are at distinctly higher risk of experiencing these adverse outcomes, including (a) young people who have already been injured by gunfire, (b) young people who witness gunplay first-hand as well as (c) young people who are exposed to violence in the media (Garbardino et al., 2002). Depending on the level and type of such exposures, Garbardino and his associates conclude that young people…. [read more]

Relationship Between Stress and the Human Body Essay

… Stress & the Human Body

I caught common cold after a close friend's death that caused psychological stress to me.

You are more prone to sickness when under stress - at least that is how it appears. Research too is showing this to be true. The body's immune system and the stress system are linked and immune system is vastly affected by stress response. The stress response involves activating many neuroendocrine systems plus the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axes and HPA as well as the sympathetic nervous system. Discussions on the topic of immune system and the neuroendocrine have found that the two utilize certain similar receptors and ligands to support an inter-system and intra-system communication network. It is understood that the communication happening between the systems…. [read more]

Stress on Human Memory Annotated Bibliography

… When the hippocampus is without proper blood glucose, it has difficulties recording information that is converted to long-term memory by the same sector of the brain (Rossman, 2011).

3. Types of Stresses on Memory

a. Symptoms of Memory

i. One obvious sign of stress on one's memory would be that of forgetfulness (Holguin, 2004).

ii. If a person is stressed, they may be unable to concentrate or have abstract reasoning as it requires memory for these processes (Holguin, 2004).

b. Effects of Stress on Memory

i. When the brain is affected by stress, its different regions respond differently. Some stressors may greater affect short-term memory, others may affect long-term memory (Rossman, 2011).

ii. Washington State University School of Medicine found that the high levels of…. [read more]

How Stress Affects a Public Organization Article Review

… Occupational Stress in a Public Organization

How Stress Affects Behavior and Operation of a Public Organization

How occupational stress effects the behavior and operation of a public organization has been extensively researched and has been found to have both positive and negative effects on the operations of a public organization. The level of stress and the employee's responses to the stress will determine whether the stress is a positive or negative element in the employee's level of performance. Over the years, many theories have been hypothesized in the interest of better understanding occupational stress. These theories evaluate how the body is initially exposed to stress, how the body responds to the stress, whether the body adapts to the stress or avoids it, and the lingering…. [read more]

Function of the Brain Term Paper

… Most of the language functions are located in the left hemisphere of the brain. Two specific areas next to each other in the brain control language. One is Broca's area, and the other is Wernicke's area. Another area is the Sylvian fissure. Scientists believe that the Broca's area controls language syntax and sentences, while Wernicke's area controls processing and understanding words and sentences. If these areas are damaged, they can lead to difficulties in many aspects of language and comprehension. It is interesting to note that the areas for language production and next to each other, they must rely on each other to work together. If the brain were flat instead of round, these areas would be right next to each other, too.

There are…. [read more]

Music on Brain and Emotions Thesis

… , 2006).

Music Therapy in Relation to Neuroscience

Physiological, as well as psychological human health can be one's improvement subject to the effects music has on them. There are mainly five factors that contribute to the music therapy effects. Such modulating factors include emotion, attention, behavior, cognition, and communication.

The attention modulation explains that music automatically captures attention one is seeking thus distracting attention emanating from stimuli evoking negative experiences (e.g. anxiety, pain and sadness). This aspect accounts for pain and anxiety-reducing effects of listening to music during certain medical procedures. It is also beneficial in treatment of attention deficit disorders during music therapy. Under emotion modulation, the explanation is that music modulates activity of all the vital limbic and Para-limbic structures of the brain.…. [read more]

Stress on Kidneys and Resistance Essay

… The General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)

The GAS is a universal three staged response to stress introduced by Dr. Hans Selye; a very well-known Canadian endocrinologist. It has a colossal impact on the kidneys and the renal system. However, before fully understanding its impact, one must familiarize themselves with the renal system itself.

The Renal System

The renal system, sometimes also referred to as the urinary or the excretory system includes a group of organs that work together to produce, store and release urine. The kidneys located at the back of the abdominal cavity are vital to the proper functioning of the renal system. Some of the main functions carried out by the renal system in a body includes controlling the body's water balance, regulation of…. [read more]

Teenager's Brain a Teenagers Research Paper

… VII. Deleterious Effects of Alcohol on the Adolescent Brain

Also playing a role is that of hormones which are stated to provide encouragement for "…novelty seeking and promote social competitiveness. The revved-up hormonal production of adolescence may promote drug use to the extent that it represents a novel experience to the youth who is also seeking social approval from peers during the experience." (Winters and McLellan, 2008) It is reported by the National Institute of Health that testosterone, which is a male hormone and which has the most dramatic effect on the body is "closely associated with aggressiveness" and as well, that it is known to "be associated with aggression" increasing "tenfold in adolescent boys. (Juvenile Justice Center, 2008) It is reported that Chris Mallett,…. [read more]

Patients Diagnosed With TBI Cope Research Paper

… Program lasted 13 weeks. Results discovered that CBT supplemented with cognitive processing therapy seemed to be the most effective in helping patients with both post-TBI and PTSD symptoms.

Previous studies show that social and emotional support can go a long way in helping victims of various diseases. Bell et al. (2011) therefore conducted a telephone support intervention in order to assess whether that may help victims f TBI better cope with social and emotional aggravation in their routine lives. They conducted a two group, randomized controlled trial on 433. Subjects who were recruited form inpatient rehabilitation. The subjects (mean age 16) were randomized between a Scheduled Telephone Intervention (STI) group and usual care (UC) and simply usual care (UC) which was the control. Aspects that…. [read more]

Physiological Effects of Alcoholism Term Paper

… ¶ … physiological and biological effects of alcoholism on the mind and body of a drinker, in light of medical and factual details. It explains the various health perils susceptible to various organs of the body such as brain, liver and pancreas caused by hard drinking. Detailed analysis with regard to genetics and brain damage at cellular level is discussed addressing the effects of dopamine on the accumbrance. Lastly, alcohol recovery through different chemical detoxification approaches is considered in view of their effectiveness.


Alcoholism is a social vice of enormous gait imputing, $13.5 million per annum in direct treatment costs and $116.7 billion per annum of total costs, in the U.S. (Frey, 1991). 7% of American adults, numbering to a size…. [read more]

Anxiety, or "Stress," May Be Chronic (Trait Term Paper

… Anxiety, or "stress," may be chronic (trait anxiety) or temporary (state anxiety) and is often triggered by life events brought on by uncontrolled circumstances or created by the stressor. (Garnefski, 2001) Anxiety and panic disorders affect an estimated 2.4 million Americans. Panic attacks are twice as common in women as in men. (Hitti, 2006)

Short-term stress doesn't have the same effect as long-term stress, as the following study shows. Being stressed out for long periods of time may increase anxiety. A study published in Behavior Neuroscience, lays some of the responsibility on stress hormones, cortisol and corticotripin-releasing hormone, to help the body respond to threats. But if these hormones remain in any measure in the body over a long period of time, they can increase…. [read more]

Technology Effect and Emerging Technologies Essay

… Smartphones: Emerging Research Tool for Social Scientists

The Smartphone is reported as useful to social research scientists and specifically in the area of behavioral research in the work of Raento, Oulasvirta and Eagle which states as follows: "The device is willingly carried by a large fraction of people in developed countries, integrates a number of technologies for automatic observation, can be programmed to interact with the user, and can communicate with remote researchers. This allows unobtrusive and cost-effective access to previously inaccessible sources of data on everyday social behavior, such as physical proximity of people, phone calls, and patterns of movement.." (2011)

Summary and Conclusion

The Smartphone is both useful and destructive depending upon how the use of the Smartphone is approached. Certainly, it would…. [read more]

Effects of Anger on the Body and Brain Research Paper

… , 2013). That can be dangerous for the person who becomes angry and for the person who is the subject of that anger, since the term "blind rage" is well understood to be something a person can slip into when he or she, essentially, shuts down because of anger (Hendricks, et al., 2013). After the anger subsides the person may not really remember what took place, but the damage will already be done. There are serious problems that can come from a person failing to understand the levels of anger he or she reaches, or even failing to recognize that anger properly (Hendricks, et al., 2013). Abusers are often angry, for example, and they may not recognize or acknowledge that, which can make it hard…. [read more]

Effect of Drugs on Stress Perception and Stress Adaptation Term Paper

… ¶ … Drugs on Stress Perception and Stress Adaptation

This paper addresses the dual effects of drugs and stress: drugs may change the perception of stress or activities under stress, and drugs affect adaptation to stress. The brain under stress functions in a highly active, yet limited capacity. This "flight or fight" mechanism is referred to as "stressors" and is divided into three categories: external conditions that result in pain or discomfort, internal homeostatic disturbances, and learned or associative responses to the perception of impending endangerment, pain and discomfort, known as "psychological stress." Drugs may change how the brain works to either effect a more stressful, restricted situation or to allow for more flexibility in its activity.

Stress may make a person alert, but it…. [read more]

Effect of TBI on an Individual Thesis



How Brain Injuries Impact One's Cognitive Ability Levels

How Brain Injuries Impact One's Cognitive Ability Levels

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has considerable impacts on the normal functioning or operation of the brain. In most cases, brain injuries damage the nerve cells to an extent that these cells no longer transmit information to each other in an ordinary manner. Brain injuries are usually divided into three major categories like mild, moderate and severe depending on the extent of neurological damage that takes place. Given their impact on neurological functioning, brain injuries have an impact on one's cognitive ability levels. Some of these impacts include cognitive disabilities,…. [read more]

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