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Elderly Living Arrangements Thesis

… ¶ … elderly are among the fastest growing segments of the population in the United States today. Moreover, this growth is projected to continue well into the mid-21st century as the baby boomer generation reaches retirement age. Although estimates vary, it is also projected that about one in five of this elderly segment of the population will need some level of alternative living arrangement, including residence in a nursing home or long-term care facility. There is a consensus that most elderly people want to remain in their own homes as long as possible, but there comes a time in many people's lives where physical or mental problems force them to move into some type of alternative living arrangement where the daily care they need can…. [read more]


Studies on the Elderly and Loneliness Reaction Paper

… Aging -- Loneliness and its Prevention

Before reading resource materials about ageing and loneliness, I believed that decades of research and hundreds of thousands of elderly subjects would result in clear-cut definitions and well-established measures to prevent loneliness. However, upon reading those sources, I found that the definitions, preventive measures and rates of success are uncertain. The reading resources taught me that experts agree about some aspects of elderly loneliness but there is still a need for extensive study, agreements on definitions, and consensus on effective measures to prevent loneliness in the elderly.

According to academic sources, experts studying the phenomenon of elderly loneliness do not agree on the definition of "loneliness." In both practice and research, the terms "social isolation" and "loneliness" are often…. [read more]


Impact of Senior Centers in the Elderly Term Paper

… ¶ … Senior Centers in the Elderly

The baby boomer generation has just about a year to reach the retirement age prompting the urgent need of successful aging. The current life expectancy is higher than the previous ones with the 15% of the American population composed of individuals above the age of 65 years (Skarupski & Pelkowski, 2003, Walker, et al. 2004). This is brought about by the good life that people live into the second 50 years and the increase in the number that enter their third 50 years. To ensure that old people, commonly referred to as seniors, get the opportunity to take part in meaningful activities through contribution many Acts have been formed in different countries such as the Older Americans Act.…. [read more]


Therapeutic Massage on Elderly Term Paper

… Geriatric massage is a form of massage designed to meet the specific needs of the elderly population. It involves the use of hands to manipulate the soft tissues of the body to improve blood circulation, relieve pain, and increase range of motion. Active or passive movement of the joints may also be part of geriatric massage (Tran, 2003).

Summary

To summarize this review of the literature, there are many consequences of the death of a spouse for which the newly widowed should prepare themselves. The most threatening and the ones with the most potential for harm are depression and loneliness. The loneliness was defined as needing a companion for everyday activities as well as just being there (Parkes, 1998). Hence, the hunger a widow feels…. [read more]


Suicide in the Elderly Thesis

… Suicide in the Elderly

Leading Cause of Death, Rising Incidence

Suicide as one of the 10 leading causes of death in the United States was surpassed by Alzheimer Disease and septicemia more than a decade ago (McKeown 2006). However, it remains a leading cause of death among those aged 10-64 and higher in older persons. Studies showed that suicide rates are highest among older White men (Busko 2008). Suicide rates among White females and Black males and females reach a peak during their midlife. Last year's statistics said that those aged 60-65 comprised 5.1% of the national population; 65-69, 3.9%; 70-74, 3.1%; 75-79, 2.7%; 80-84, 2.3%; and 1.8%, 85 and older. Other recent data also revealed that suicide has been increasing fastest in the 85…. [read more]


Elderly in American Society Term Paper

… "Must sell their homes unless they return home within six months or a doctor says it may be possible for the resident to return home at a later time. Must apply any monthly income above $59 to the cost of their care, except in special circumstances or if their spouse at home needs more income.

May transfer their home to a child at least three years prior to entering the nursing home or in the event the son or daughter was living in the home at least two years just prior to their admission (Gordon, 1995)."

Spouses/

"Must submit, at the time of their spouses' admission to a nursing home, to an asset assessment to determine what assets you owned on the day of admission…. [read more]


Cohousing: A Model for Australia Essay

… On the other hand, new models have developed in the United States, which have reduced risks, costs, and resident involvement (McCamant & Charles, 1994).

Developers have shown an increased interest in financing and building cohouses both speculatively and in partnership with prospective residents (Durrett, 2005). In addition, residents are forming their own cohousing communities in current neighborhoods through creating communal facilities, taking down fences, and assuming responsibility for general maintenance and management. In the recent decade, the percentage of communities opting to retrofit or tear down existing barriers such as fences to create a community space has tripled. For future prospects, McCamant and Charles (1994) wrote:

"The cohousing concept is as much a process for developing housing as it is a new housing type…The cohousing…. [read more]


Eden Alternative: Better Choice for Elder Care Research Paper

… ¶ … Eden Alternative is a nursing home care model that was developed in the U.S. In the early 1990s with the goal of completely transforming the long-term care facilities into habitats that are habitable by combating boredom, loneliness and helplessness, the three major "plagues" that affect institutionalized elders (Thomas,1994;CUPE,2000). The Eden Alternative as an operational nursing home model involves the creation of a human habitat by the intentional introduction of plants, animals, birds, gardens as well as visiting children into the care facility. The Eden model effectively restructures the care delivery process so as to in this paper, we investigate the reasons as to why the Eden Alternative program/philosophy is a suitable choice for improve the quality of life for seniors/elders within nursing care…. [read more]


Concise Analysis of Why suicide among elderly is increasing in Singapore Research Paper

… Also 35% of the respondents sensed that suicide among elderly in Singapore was on the increase, especially in the recent years. Although almost all the respondents agreed on the increasing trends causes of suicide, none of saw it as a solution for the difficulties faced by individuals (95% of the respondents were 30 years and below).

1. Social Connectedness

A large number of risk factor studies show that social disconnectedness is the fourth key driver of suicide among the elderly. There are numerous literatures on how social connections affect health and negative results of social disconnections, comprising those among the elderly (Conwell, 2014). Therefore, the minor drivers of reduced suicide rates among the elderly that permits research at an individual level include:

1. Interventions to…. [read more]


Alcohol Abuse and the Elderly the Hidden Population Research Paper

… Alcohol Abuse and the Elderly: The Hidden Population

Alcohol Abuse and the Elderly

Alcohol abuse describes an excessive use of alcohol, despite physical and emotional consequences, and is capable of affecting any individual regardless of age. The growth of the elderly population has generated more concern for their physical and mental health, including the incidence of alcohol abuse. Although alcohol abuse generally declines with age, research has been emerging over the last two decades to suggest the existence of a substantial amount of alcohol abusers among the elderly (Widner, & Zeichner, 1991). This population usually does not garnish much attention from clinicians and health care practitioners, however there are warning signs of alcohol abuse among the elderly that are apparent and need to be acknowledged.…. [read more]


Composition Project Essay

… ¶ … Charles Simic told his elderly mother that he still wrote poetry, he claimed, "she sighed and shook her head, probably thinking to herself this son of mine has always been a little nuts," (Simic, the New York Review of Books). Simic also claims that his motivation for starting to write poetry was frivolous: to meet girls in school. He states, "I was just another high school kid who wrote poems in order to impress girls, but with no other ambition beyond that." It seems hard to believe that Simic is not joking and yet he simply traces his development as a poet who wanted to meet girls, to a poet with a sophisticated sensibility. Simic credits his exposure to literature's greats, especially French…. [read more]


Echo Valley Council Case Report Case Study

… Doe. Assuming sufficient home-based support can be provided, Mr. Doe can effect meaningful improvements through bed rest. In addition, should best rest be insufficient, Echo Valley's hospital has 12 general ward beds and a 20-bed nursing home that could provide the hospital care needed for Mr. Doe's rehabilitation.

Early stage dementia

Generally, dementia is comprised of a constellation of symptoms that indicate chronic and widespread dysfunction (Nazarko, 2008). The global impairment of cognitive capacities is the essential defining characteristic of dementia which presents as difficulty with memory, attention, reasoning, language and comprehension; however, other mental functions, such as marked changes in mood, personality, judgment, and social behavior, are also frequently involved (Nazarko, 2008). The primary goals of the intervention for elderly Australians with early stage…. [read more]


Driving Age Limits for Teenagers and the Elderly Term Paper

… Driving Age Limits for Teenagers and the Elderly

For teen-agers who seek liberty and thrill and elderly people who want to escape loneliness and isolation, car driving can be and has, as statistics showed, been a very dangerous weapon (the Boston Globe 2006). In 1998 alone, statistics showed that 10% of the driving population in the U.S. was in the youngest age group and accounted for 14% of all motor vehicle deaths (Insurance Institute for Highway Safety 1999). Trailing them were drivers over age 75 with the second highest rate of fatal accidents nationwide in 2001 and 2002. With one in four American drivers exceeding 65 by the year 2024, the National Older driver Research and Training Center estimated the figure and the problem of…. [read more]


Harriet Tubman -- Legend and Woman Term Paper

… Harriet Tubman -- Legend and woman of mystery

Although the name of Harriet Tubman has often been lauded by historians and in the popular press, this legendary, almost mythical figure of the Underground Railroad remains a mystery, even to this day. Tubman's creativity at personal disguise, the mythical allure she was able to cultivate, and her wily refusal to be pinned down to any secure identity or path were all the reasons for her success in transporting so many slaves to freedom. This also makes her a difficult subject for biographers to capture in print. "Like sources of the Nile," Tubman was to say after the Civil War, "my ancestry, I am free to admit, is rather difficult of tracing," although "Harriet believed that she…. [read more]


Marketing Research Term Paper

… Unfortunately only 1.8% of Cumberland County residents farm, which can affect the need of dogs and cats for work animals (http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/34/34011.html).

Length of Residence

How long a person lives in the same house can affect their decision to adopt an animal. Those who live in the same house for five or more years may be more inclined to adopt since they won't have to worry about trying to move with an animal or finding a new home that is suitable for their pet. In Cumberland County, 60.9% of the population have lived in the same house since

1995 or before (http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/34/34011.html).This demonstrates stability in the households, thus increasing the chance of these families adopting a pet.

This is also good news for the SPCA because…. [read more]


Elderly Depression and Altered Mood Essay

… Some elderly patients may be so depressed that they do not want to engage at all and are beyond taking part in any sort of sharing exercise. Another drawback is that it depends upon the person having all his or her faculties in place so that recollections can be conducted. An elderly person suffering from dementia or from Alzheimer’s is unlikely to reap any benefit from this type of intervention as it relies upon a healthily functioning mind.

A Consideration for Nursing Practice

One salient consideration for nursing practice when working with a person from the population group with this mental health issue is that individual elderly persons need to feel supported, appreciated, and welcome in their environment. Any negative attention that they…. [read more]


Caring for the Elderly Population Research Paper

… Thus, a caregiver is needed for each of the seven programs discussed above:
Reminiscence group therapy
Videoconferencing
Animal-assisted therapy
Visitor volunteer program
Wii playing program
Surfing the Net program
Indoor gardening
The volunteers will coordinate with the nursing home to provide whatever tools or equipment are needed for the program to take place. For instance, videoconferencing equipment will require computer screens/computers and Internet connectivity. The Wii playing program will require at least one Nintendo Wii console, hand-held controllers and large video screens. Animal-assisted therapy will require that the caregiver coordinate with the nursing home as well as with an animal husbandry center to obtain an animal that is trained and friendly and that can be used for this…. [read more]


Psychosocial Issues in Retirement and Old Age Essay

… Psychosocial Issues in Retirement and Old Age

There are many psychosocial aspects and variables that are closely linked to retirement, loneliness and old age. It is a well-known fact that individuals in society who retire and who are no longer actively involved in society or the community can undergo severe psychological and social stressors. These can vary from anxiety and depression to suicidal tendencies. These factors have also been found in many studies to have a significant correlation with both physical and mental health. A typical case in point that will be borne in mind in this study is that of Albert. Albert is a seventy-year-old retired man who lives on his own in a house on the outskirts of a small village. He has…. [read more]


Lonely Seniors Senior Citizens Essay

… The Council regularly schedules day trips for seniors, too, which can be enjoyed for relatively little money. A popular destination is the Foxwoods Casino in nearby Mashantucket, Connecticut.

Other public and private organizations also offer resources for seniors to help stave off loneliness and isolation. Local libraries often have book discussion groups and lecture series open to members of the community free of charge. An advantage to these activities might be that they are open to all ages, providing seniors with opportunities to connect with members of younger generations. The same is true for courses at community colleges, where seniors are often allowed to enroll for free, as is the case at Gardner's Mount Wachusett Community College (MWCC). MWCC also has a fitness center, where…. [read more]


Role of Spirituality Research Paper

… , 2007, p. 268).

Women are three times more likely to be depressed than men, with 5-12% suffering from major or severe depression, compared to 2-3% of men. Males are also more likely to deny or mask depressive symptoms, less likely to express emotions or seek treatment, and to self-medicate with drugs and alcohol (Hutchinson et al., p. 269). Susan Simonds wrote gender roles, stress, poverty and victimization were all factors in the higher level of depression in women (Simonds, 2001, p. 5). More women fall below the poverty line than men, and this is a well-known 'pathway to depression'. Race, culture, social class and sexual orientation all, "interact with gender to create a complex picture of identity issues" (Simonds, p. 6). During the life-stages…. [read more]


Substance Abuse Research Proposal

… Significant differences between late onset and early onset alcoholics were found in several criteria, including preoccupation with drinking, inability to control drinking behavior, strong desire to consume alcohol, and lower rates of psychiatric comorbidity (Wetterling et al., 2003). Later onset alcoholics had significantly fewer detoxifications in the past, lower alcohol consumption, and demonstrated a higher rate of abstinence (Wetterling et al., 2003).

There may be significant differences between men and women in regards to elderly alcohol abuse. Among the elderly, there are fewer women than men that consume alcohol, and fewer women that exhibit problem drinking behavior (Gomberg, 1995). Some of the key differences between older men and women with alcohol abuse problems, it has been discovered that older women are significantly less likely to…. [read more]


Vulnerable Groups Term Paper

… Vulnerable Groups: Nutrition, Insurance, And the Elderly

One of the most vulnerable groups in the United States and throughout the world today is the elderly population. There are many reasons why this is the case, but the most serious ones are that many of these individuals do not get the proper nutrition that they need to remain strong, and that they do not get the medication and testing that they need to ensure that they continue to feel well. There are reasons for this lack of nutrition and lack of medication that will be addressed within the following pages so that the reader clearly understands how this happens and why it is so very significant. Another issue for the reader to clearly understand is the…. [read more]


Prescription Drug Abuse Research Paper

… Prescription Drug Abuse

please describe some of the most pressing physical, cognitive, and socioemotional concerns in the elderly that could give rise to substance abuse problems

Memo on prescription drug abuse amongst the elderly:

Advice for the director of assisted living facility xyz

To the director of assisted living facility xyz:

Drug abuse is often the result of greater access to addictive substances and the normalization of abusive behaviors. This can be seen in adolescents: underage teens with greater access to drugs and alcohol because of the practice of frequent binge drinking at their college fraternity or the presence of cigarette vending machines are more apt to use these substances. The rise in prescription medications, from painkillers such as OxyContin to stimulants such as Adderall…. [read more]


Psychology in the 1950 Essay

… In the test, subjects rated and described themselves using the five traits. Friends and family would then rate the subjects as well as observers at social situations such as parties and work. The groundbreaking data showed that if the subject described themselves as introspective for example, others would too (Belsky, 1999). Therefore, the way people view and describe their personality traits are generally accurate and are viewed similarly by others. In addition to this, their studies showed that a pessimistic outlook on life is generally a stressful burden older people will carry with them if not altered in youth (Belsky, 1999).

When the elderly pass away, people often speak of the legacy of the deceased and what they have left behind. This is also generally…. [read more]


Social Isolation Working Long Hours Term Paper

… Social Isolation

WORKING LONG HOURS AND SOCIAL ISOLATION IN U.S.

Times are changing. Technological advancements are taking place at a breakneck speed. Some of the most recent advancements are the instant communication systems and the Internet revolution, which in every sense, has knocked down the barriers of language, time and distance. These groundbreaking technologies have also been bringing different states and nationalities together. However, within communities and countries it has been observed that people are becoming more and more isolated. The effectiveness of the human bond that used to be the hallmark of the pastoral societies is diminishing because of a fast-paced modern life. The signs of family and social estrangement are strikingly visible in the developed as well as the underdeveloped nations where working…. [read more]


Psychodynamic Model, the Model's Developmental Essay

… The behaviors result in the formation of the personality, and the personality takes years to form.

Blaikie (2009) states that the cognitive behavioral model facilitates the understanding of the personality. It classifies situations based on the degrees of control. Through this, an individual is aware of the quantity of control over their circumstances. The model recommends an analysis of other real life situations in depression cases. The depressed make a comparison of their situation to that of others in similar situations. The ideas in the model recommend a changing on one's perspectives in order to change the situation. Before making any choices, an individual should pause for the levels of anxiety to lower. This clears the mind and offers a positive perception of the situation.…. [read more]


Grandparent Caregivers Societal Antecedents as Predictors Dissertation

… Grandparent Caregivers

Societal Antecedents as Predictors of Resilience, Caregiving/Parenting Stress and Coping Strategies in Custodial and Non-Custodial Grandmothers of African-American or African Decent

The past three decades have seen a break from the traditional nuclear family roles. During this time, society has witnessed a dramatic increase in the number of children being raised by their grandparents. Many grandparents assume the role of primary caregiver for their grandchildren and/or childcare provider because of the impact of numerous societal antecedents which cause the parent or parents to be absent from the home. These societal antecedents include child abandonment, and/or neglect, parental employment obligations, parental education endeavors, and parental military obligations. These represent the key reasons for grandparents assuming the care of grandchildren. This comes at a time…. [read more]


Erikson: The Eight Stages Term Paper

… These are the child-rearing years, when the individual is trying to be productive for his or her family and establish a healthy relationship with his or her spouse and children. This is also the phase in which many people experience a mid-life crisis, or a frustrated sense that they are not 'dong something' meaningful with their lives. "Failure to provide generativity leads to boredom and lack of psychological development" and a profound sense of frustration (Garrett 1995: 210). Finally, "the last crisis experienced is integrity vs. despair, which occurs during late adulthood. Integrity is exhibited in the adult's sense of integration of the previous stages; additionally, the adult accepts life's limitations. Despair results from the fear that life goals will not be fulfilled before one's…. [read more]


Adolescent Suicide Epidemiological Approach Term Paper

… Adolescent suicide is now responsible for more deaths in people between ages 15 to 19 than cardiovascular disease or cancer (Blackman, 1996). Teen suicide has more than tripled since the 1960's (Santrock, 2003). Despite this alarming increased suicide rate, depression in this age group is largely under-diagnosed and can lead to serious difficulties in school, work, and personal adjustment, which may continue into adulthood. How prevalent are mood disorders and when should an adolescent with changes in mood be considered clinically depressed? Brown (1996) gives the reason why depression is often overlooked in adolescents is that it is a time of emotional turmoil, mood swings, gloomy thoughts, and heightened sensitivity. Adolescence is often a time of rebellion and experimentation. Blackman (1996), observed that the "challenge…. [read more]


Depression in Young and Older Term Paper

… However, approximately 10 to 20% of older women still experience "clinically significant depressive symptoms (Simonds, 2001, p. 121)."

The most important risk factor for depression in older women, according to studies, is physical health problems, such as pain, functional problems, and side effects of medications and treatments (Simonds, 2001, p. 122).

Structural brain changes, vascular risk factors, and cognitive impairment in older women are often to as vascular depression, which can render patients less affected by antidepressant treatment and may have a more chronic course than other forms of depression. Late onset depression can also be a symptom of dementia in older women.

In the past, many researchers have suggested that the "empty nest syndrome" is the major cause of depression in older women (NIMH,…. [read more]

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