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Media Effects on Pre-Adolescent Girls on Their Cognitive Development and Thinking Thesis

… Media Effects on Pre-Adolescent Girls on Their Cognitive Development and Thinking

Media Effects on Pre-Adolescent Girls: Cognitive Development and Thinking

Society has seemingly always been very interested in appearance. Some pre-adolescents and teenagers take this too far, however, and worry so much about their appearance that they neglect the person that they are inside (Angie, 2008). Ultimately, it would seem that who someone is on the inside should be much more important than what they look like on the outside, but this does not often appear to be the case. The purpose of this paper is to show how obsessed society has become with appearance and overt sexuality, especially when it comes to pre-adolescent girls where print and TV watching are concerned, and to show…. [read more]

Social Skills, Violence Media Effect Essay

… Being a person who is well-acquainted with compassion and understanding is more likely to assist the individual and society in general. Individuals need to be able to interpret body language and this is largely impossible for people who rarely interact face-to-face. Spending most of their time interacting with media devices more than they interact with actual people is likely to have serious repercussions for children world-wide.

All things considered, children need to learn more concerning how to filter information in order to accumulate information that can assist them in the future. This is very difficult in an environment filled with media devices, as some types of information might be less valuable than it might seem. The fact that most children are unable to filter information…. [read more]

Media Violence on Children's Social Article Review

… In this regard, Garbardino et al. report that, "Children exposed to gun violence may experience negative short- and long-term psychological effects, including anger, withdrawal, posttraumatic stress, and desensitization to violence. All of these outcomes can feed into a continuing cycle of violence" (2002, p. 73).

As with other types of violence in the media, there are some groups of young people who are at distinctly higher risk of experiencing these adverse outcomes, including (a) young people who have already been injured by gunfire, (b) young people who witness gunplay first-hand as well as (c) young people who are exposed to violence in the media (Garbardino et al., 2002). Depending on the level and type of such exposures, Garbardino and his associates conclude that young people…. [read more]

Adolescents and Advertising Media Messages Research Paper

… Retrieved from:

(4) American Psychological Association (2004). Report of the APA task force on advertising and children. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from

(5) American Psychological Association (2009). Resolution on promotion of healthy active lifestyles and prevention of obesity and unhealthy weight control behaviors in children and youth. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from

(6) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2006). NHANES data on the prevalence of overweight among children and adolescents: United States, 2003 -- 2006. Atlanta, GA: CDC National Center for Health Statistics, Health E-Stat.

(7) Kaiser Family Foundation (2004). The role of media in childhood obesity. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from

(8) Tweens, Teens, and Magazines (2008) The Kaiser Family Foundation and Retrieved from:

(9) Gurian, Anita (2008) How…. [read more]

Media Influence on Eating Disorders and Why Thinness Is so Sought Term Paper

… Media and Eating Disorders

Media, both electronic and print, tends to clouds one's judgment of reality. This is what cultivation theorists maintained, propagated and argued for. Even though theorists such as George Gerbner, did not include print media when he expounded his cultivation theory, we cannot deny that in today's world, print media has just as profound an impact on our perceptions as electronic media. Both print and electronic media have been criticized 'for depicting thin woman as ideal' (Holmstrom, 2004) and it is widely believed that these unreal images of women feed a female's insecurities about herself and usually have a damaging impact. In this paper, we study how media contributes to the culture of thinness and the role it plays in mounting cases…. [read more]

Media Influence and Its Effects on Society Research Paper

… Media Influence on Society

In a matter of a few centuries, the availability of information to the average person in society has grown exponentially. Until the advent of the telegraph in the middle of the 19th century, even the most significant world events typically took weeks or more to become known outside their immediate region. Printing presses were tremendously expensive, rare, and prohibited by law in some parts of the world. Even paper was too expensive to produce for anyone outside of the wealthier classes to have access to it. Before that, the average person knew only what happened in a very small local area and many people living in relatively undeveloped border regions may not have even been sure what country they lived in,…. [read more]

Study Between Adolescence and the Medias Effect on Body Image Thesis

… ¶ … Media Exposure on Adolescent Body Image

Background and History of the Study of Human Psychological Development

During the 20th century, psychology evolved into a field in which different theorists introduced several conceptual approaches to understanding the development of personality in the individual. Erickson conceived of personal psychological development as largely dependent on issues of internalized identity and identity confusion attributable to environmental influences. Piaget focused more on the transition from the preoperational stages of moral thought and responsibility to the formal operation stage that characterized normal adult psychological perspectives. Freud introduced an entirely different conceptual model that viewed the evolution of personality as primarily attributable to foundational influences and to the specific frustrations and conflicts repressed into the subconscious very early in life…. [read more]

Media by Term Paper

… In order to sell their products several companies depend on televisions and magazines and resort to advertisement strategies. They make a feeling in the minds of women, particularly teenagers that an ideal body is a thin body and their appearances are quite unattractive. Women try several techniques of rigorous strain to achieve their goal of an ideal body. But the image, which women try to achieve, cannot be attained for a majority of the population. Because of the influence of the media by way of advertisements negative effects are being placed on women and they end up having eating disorders and other physical and mental disorders. The gravity of this problem has been underestimated. This matter has to be brought to public attention, basically the…. [read more]

Media Negatively Affects the Body Research Paper

… References

Anschutz, D.J., Van Strien, T., & Engels, R.C. (2008). Exposure to Slim Images in Mass Media: Television Commercials as Reminders of Restriction in Restrained Eaters. Health Psychology. 27(4); 401-408.

Cheng, H.L. & Mallinckrodt (2009). Parental Bonds, Anxious Attachment, Media Internalization, and Body Image Dissatisfaction: Exploring a Mediation Model. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 56(5); 365-375.

Clark, L., & Tiggemann, M. (2008). Sociocultural and Individual Psychological Predictors of Body Image in Young Girls: A Prospective Study. Developmental Psychology. 44(4); 1124-1134.

Dohnt, H. & Tiggemann, M. (2006). The Contribution of Peer and Media Influences to the Development of Body Satisfaction and Self-Esteem in Young Girls: A Prospective Study. Developmental Psychology. 42(5); 929-936.

Grabe, S., Ward, M., & Hyde, J.S. (2008). The Role of the Media in Body…. [read more]

Media Images Are Not Harmful to Body and Self-Esteem of Young Adults Thesis

… Media Images Are Not Harmful to body and self-Esteem of young adults.

You are (not) what you eat:

Media consumption and its uncertain effects upon teen body image

Why don't you have an eating disorder? Why don't you have a negative body image? These may sound like strange, counter-intuitive questions. Shouldn't you ask: why do you have an eating disorder, given this is a presumably abnormal mental state? or, why do you have a negative body image, presuming that having a positive body image is 'normal'? However, if you were to accept the conventional wisdom about the causal effect between exposure to negative images in the media and body image, then by definition you should have an eating disorder or at very least a negative…. [read more]

Adolescent Depression the Family Term Paper

… al., 1986 in Walker (1986)). Identified several biological, personality, and familial characteristics that may mean a youth has a greater chance of developing adolescent depression. Learning to recognize the signs of trouble are the keys to preventing or helping to alleviate adolescent depression before they become problematic. This may seem like a reversion to the stereotypical "at-risk" child identified earlier. However, this study was much more comprehensive and stressed the point that an individual's ability to deal with stress was more important than any one factor identified. It also stressed that one or a combination of these factors needed to be present to produce depression in some individuals. It was a step forward from previous studies.

Stress and depression should be taken seriously. Approximately 39%…. [read more]

Effects of Media Research Paper

… Then that issue becomes continually applicable to the linked party, causing a shaped belief over said party.

2. Evidence: Other issues that propelled the shaping of public opinion was how the financial crisis of 2008 came to be. Some media reports blamed investment banks while others blamed political figures (Nelson & Katzenstein, 2014). This led to a distinct belief over the government and how private and public sectors handle the money of consumers.

IV. Body Paragraph

A. Counterargument: Although the media has its share of disabling access to the audience, there are emerging medias namely online, that enable the public to become informed on issues and events.

B. Rebuttal: Online news sites have grown and created an information avenue for many. However, social media and…. [read more]

English Literature Thin-Is-In Culture Research Paper

… Knowing that people look up to the mass media and enjoy it so much, helps with this pressure. As time as gone on, the importance of mass media, visual media especially, has grown in western cultures and other cultures where the ideal is very thin. Goodman (2002) asserts that the media forms are the main sources for information about the various social processes within a culture, the images that represent that culture, and conceptions of self-presentation. There are other sources available, yes, but the media is the main source and a source that many people access frequently and take quite seriously, whether consciously not. Women uses the information from the media as guides for the attitudes and behaviors they adopt or internalize. (Goodman, 2002) The…. [read more]

Mainstreaming Contribution of the Media Term Paper

… Americans consume and produce a considerable amount of television compared to the rest of the world; therefore American culture is culturally predisposed to have a greater connection to television and that television has a greater impact on American audiences relative to others around the globe. Representations of Latinos on television often include drug dealers, gangbangers, and other particularly violent criminals. They also include a narrow representation out of the many different Hispanic peoples in the world. It is not as if all Hispanics are Mexican or all Spanish. There is ample diversity in the Hispanic community that American media does not often or positively expose.

Inadequate media representations of Hispanics have detrimental affects upon this community that do not often go noticed.

Seldom, however, do…. [read more]

Adolescent Suicide Epidemiological Approach Term Paper

… Adolescent suicide is now responsible for more deaths in people between ages 15 to 19 than cardiovascular disease or cancer (Blackman, 1996). Teen suicide has more than tripled since the 1960's (Santrock, 2003). Despite this alarming increased suicide rate, depression in this age group is largely under-diagnosed and can lead to serious difficulties in school, work, and personal adjustment, which may continue into adulthood. How prevalent are mood disorders and when should an adolescent with changes in mood be considered clinically depressed? Brown (1996) gives the reason why depression is often overlooked in adolescents is that it is a time of emotional turmoil, mood swings, gloomy thoughts, and heightened sensitivity. Adolescence is often a time of rebellion and experimentation. Blackman (1996), observed that the "challenge…. [read more]

Adolescents Aspects of Adolescent Development Term Paper

… Teenagers should always feel as though they have adults who are looking out for their best interests, supporting them rather than controlling them.

Certain parenting styles have been shown to be particularly productive with regard to adolescent identity development. Specifically, authoritative mothering is linked to elevated levels of self-esteem, life satisfaction, and decreased rates of depression (Milevsky et al., 2007). Accordingly, mothers should make sure that they impress upon their adolescent proper behavior and societal values, and not be overly lenient. Parenting that is more heavily dominated by the father can be productive although this is less often the case.

It has also been shown that adults can assist adolescents in identity development by engaging them in constructing narratives of their life. By constructing their…. [read more]

Adolescent Sexuality Thesis

… Adolescent Sexuality

Adolescence is a time of change, physically, emotionally and mentally for young people. They are making a transition from their role of child, to their role of young adolescence when they will be empowered with more freedom and decision making in their lives. The stages of adolescence can be viewed in three stages: early adolescence, between the ages of 8 and 13 for girls; 11 to 15 for boys. The second stage, middle adolescence, occurs between the ages of 13 to 16 for girls; 14 to 17 for boys; and the third stage, late adolescence, between the ages of 16 and up for girls, and 17 and up for boys (Brown, Jane D., Steele, Jeanne R., and Walsh-Childers, Kim, 2002, p. 2). These…. [read more]

Violence in Media Research Paper

… Feshbach, S. And Tangney, J. "Television Viewing and Aggression Some Alternative

Perspectives." Perspectives on Psychological Science, Vol. 3 (2008): 387 -- 389.

Haridakis, P.M. "Viewer Characteristics, Exposure to Television Violence, and Aggression." Media Psychology, Vol. 4, No. 4 (2002): 323 -- 352.

Krahe', B., Moller, I., Huesmann, L.R., Kirwil, L., Felber, J., and Berger, A.

"Desensitization to Media Violence: Links with Habitual Media Violence

Exposure, Aggressive Cognitions, and Aggressive Behavior." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 100, No. 4 (2010): 630 -- 646.

Potter, W.J., Vaughan, M.W., Warren, R., Howley, K., Land, A., and Hagemeyer, J.C.

"How Real is the Portrayal of Aggression in Television Entertainment

Programming?" Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, Vol. 39 (1995):

496 -- 516.

Sherman, C. "Violent Video Games…. [read more]

Effects of Media to Children Term Paper

… TV Violence

Violence on TV has become very common. The news is filled with crimes in the United States and about the Iraq war. The news programs show how a crime was done and actual pictures of murdered bodies. Other shows have live videotapes of police officers chasing criminals. A lot of these shows are shown when young children are still awake and watching TV with their family. Does this violence affect them? If it does, how much? There still is a lot of debate about this. Most reviews of the studies done show that it does not cause aggression or crime, but there is agreement that the media should be more responsible about violence and television and have more shows about positive behavior.

There…. [read more]

Effects of Emotional Intelligence in Adolescents and Smoking Cessation Programs Term Paper

… Emotional Intelligence and Adolescent Smoking

The purpose of this research is to determine the impact of emotional intelligence on the success of various strategies to prevent smoking in adolescents. A number of methods have been attempted including in-school programs, clinical smoking interventions, increasing tobacco tax, and an anti-smoking media campaign. All of these programs have demonstrated some ability to reduce smoking in adolescents. However, none of them have proven to be 100% effective in stopping adolescent smoking. This study will examine the role of emotional intelligence in the decision to engage, or not engage in smoking behaviors.

This study is based on correlational research design, as it seeks to explore the relationship between two variables. This study will utilize a survey that combines elements of…. [read more]

Adolescent Influences and Adjustments Term Paper

… Adolescent Influences and Adjustments

What are the influences in the lives of adolescents that have a direct impact on how they behave, how they see the world and how they interact within their home, school, and community environments? Which influences - of the many they encounter - have the most dramatic effect on adolescents? Why?

Among the many influences that are perhaps not discussed as thoroughly as need be are violent media - in particular, violent video games. It is not breaking any new ground to point out that many television shows and movies that adolescents are free to watch have multiple murders, misogynistic aggression, beatings, stabbings, shootings and other forms of violent behavior. Studies show that by the time a boy is in his…. [read more]

Adolescent Childbearing in Africa Term Paper

… Adolescent Childbearing in Africa

Adolescent sexual and reproductive behavior in Africa

It is abundantly obvious to researches and laypeople alike that AIDS is a huge risk associated with adolescent sexual activity in sub-Saharan Africa. However, the negative sequelae of adolescent childbearing in the same region is of particular concern as well. Although the act of becoming pregnant is even easier to understand than is getting AIDS, as Kiragu and Zabin point out, "within any given society, the issue of adolescent fertility is rarely monolithic. In fact, the complexity of its consequences is often underscored by the contrast between two or more different aspects of the problem that exist within a single society; each may have serious consequences but often very different implications for intervention" (1998,…. [read more]

How Forgiveness Effects Human Health Thesis

… S. structuring an eighteen-step procedure of forgiveness. It listed the following development.

  • Assessment of psychological defenses.

  • The resistance of annoyance; the point is to liberate, not dock, the annoyance.

  • Acceptance of disgrace, when this is suitable.

  • Consciousness of harm.

  • Consciousness of cognitive practice (rerunning the scene frequently in one's brain) of the wrongdoing

  • Consciousness that the offended group might be contrasting self with the injurer.

  • Consciousness into a probably distorted 'righteous world' vision. [Issue of justice]

  • Transformations of heart/adaptation/original insights that old declaration plans are not functioning.

  • A readiness to discover forgiveness as an alternative.

  • Assurance to forgive the wrongdoer.

  • Restructuring, during role taking, who the offender is by screening him or her in background.

  • Compassion in the direction of the wrongdoer.

  • Consciousness of…. [read more]

Parenting on the Academic Achievement Multiple Chapters

… One would suspect that in larger families headed by a single female parent that the boys would have less intimate relationships with their mother than the girls leading to more difficulties with their development. Thus, it appears as if many of the factors identified in the literature are potentially modifiable.

Downey, Ainsworth-Darnell, and Dufur (1998) discussed individualistic vs. structuralist standpoints of gender as they apply to single-parent homes. Individualistic theories view the gender of the parent as being an important factor for the relationship with the child due to biological sex differences, whereas structuralists claim that sex roles develop as a result of the social context. Downey et al. argue that the structuralist position is more valid by demonstrating that single parent men and women…. [read more]

Violence in Media the Public Essay

… Violence in Media

The public debate over media violence dates back to the 1930s when experts began to question its effects on youth while also considering the manner in which society should address this potential dilemma (Anderson and Gentile, 2007). The meteoric rise of television that began in the 1950s further exacerbated the situation; and a wealth of studies conducted since then by both government and nongovernment organizations confirms there are consequences to viewing disturbing images.

There is no doubt that violence is a constant element in the varied forms of entertainment media. The question is whether exposure to brutality and bloodshed invoke acts of violence on the part of a young viewer; and, if so, should the media be held liable for such. These…. [read more]

Violence in the Media TV Movies and Video Games Research Paper

… Violence in the Media and Children

Violence in media has become a serious problem. Children are heavily exposed to violence in films, TV shows, and video games from their early ages. This heavy exposure to violence may lead to aggressive and violent behavior, encouraging children to see violence as normal. And because of the popularity of violence in media and the fact that children today represent a very lucrative market, the entertainment industry takes advantage of this situation by targeting children for their products that glorify violence. In essence, the producers of violent media content and video games are guilty of child exploitation. To address the problem, the public needs greater regulation of violence in media to protect children.

Violence in Media: Why Greater Regulation…. [read more]

Obesity Among Adolescent Girls in Saudi Arabia Essay

… Adolescent Obesity in Saudi Arabia

Obesity in Saudi Adolescent Girls

Obesity is a serious health problem in any population, but it is of special concern in younger individuals. The longer a person is obese, the longer that person has potentially to suffer the negative health consequences of being overweight or obese. Thus when children or adolescents are obese, this condition must be considered seriously both by the individuals themselves (as well as by their families) and by health professionals. Given that obesity increases the health costs associated with treating an individual, the concern should be one that affects an even wider audience, that of public health officials,

One of the costs that every national government must contend with in the twenty-first century is that of…. [read more]

Media Violence on Youth Damaging Essay

… As such, some teenagers may feel socially conscious about who they are and what they look like, resulting in poor body image habits (, 2010).

6.0 Conclusion

Media has become an ever influencing source for developing young adults. When young adults are developing themselves into the person they wish to become, they learn by observing, imitating, and making behaviors their own. As easily accessible sources, magazines, comic books, posters and advertisements, movies, music, and videogames all provide as samples (Dahl & DellaVigna, 2002). In order to better protect the youth, parents must become involved in what media their children come into contact with, but marketing firms for the media sources must stop forcing adult material onto children.


Dahl, G., & DellaVigna, S.. (2009). Does…. [read more]

Are Men Stuck in a Perpetual State of Adolescence a Cross-Cultural Comparison? Term Paper

… Men and Adolescence

Anthropological inquiry into male-female relations has somewhat evolved around debates concerning sexual inequality. Gender roles are complex and clearly vary by culture and time-period, and are often misunderstood based on individual societal bias. Modern contemporary research shows that there were so many contradictions and odd conflicts within the data that the idea of gender role responsibility has been confusing even for scholars. (Stasburger, 2008). Since culture is so abstract, and based on so many individual and fleeting factors, many scholars now believe the relationship of the sexes to each other is best discussed in terms of the conflicts, tensions, and paradoxes that are at the heart of daily life in many societies (Sanday,, 1990).

Gender roles are the way that male…. [read more]

Social Network and Its Effects Research Paper

… The greatest proof analyzing how personal computer use influences kids' constructs on the researches of TV revolves around physical results and violent or aggressive material. The proof on physical impacts connects the inactive nature of computer use to an enhanced threat of weight problems and medical concerns caused due to the reactions in the brain. Kids need to restrict their time with media and need to be instructed to utilize computer systems securely to stay clear of the kinds of eye, back, and wrist injuries that have actually afflicted grownup users. In addition, the proof on violent or aggressive material links exposure to violent or aggressive video game to the development of enhanced aggressive habits. More powerful actions are required by policymakers and software application…. [read more]

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