Viewing papers 1-30 of 157 for substance AND abuse AND among AND police AND officers

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Police Discretion Position Term Paper

… Police Discretion refers to any situation in which an officer deviates from standard procedure, or where official procedure permits officers to exercise their personal judgment about a specific situation. While some people may continue to believe that police officers have an unlimited amount of discretion; that is not the case. The legislature has enacted several mandatory arrest laws, and officers who fail to comply with those provisions are subject to disciplinary procedures. Of course, this has not eliminated officers who ignore certain laws, refusing to arrest for a variety of different reasons, but it has made the problem less prevalent and given crime victims and the community at large a venue for complaints. However, it is important to keep in mind that the exercise of…. [read more]

Substance Abuse Among Police Officers Thesis

… Substance Abuse Among Police Officers

One group of people getting help for drug addiction is that of public safety officers, including police officers, firefighters, and EMT workers. These workers typically sacrifice much for others while performing their jobs, and many are seen as heroes to those they help. So when the pressure of a stressful job leaves these public safety officers turning to drugs or alcohol to ease their mind, it becomes hard for them to admit they have an addiction.

These professionals need help for their addictions just like everyone else does. It is important for more of these public officers who have struggled with drug addiction to come forward and tell their story, and encourage others to get help. Statistics on substance abuse…. [read more]

Police Discretion the Execution Term Paper

… Public drunkenness:

Police officers routinely exercise discretion when dealing with someone who appears to be intoxicated. It used to be that very often those who had been drinking and driving might not be arrested. Public opinion now has spoken, and this is no longer an area where it is acceptable for an officer to use discretion. But when someone is walking, they may well view it differently. For starters, perhaps the person is walking instead of driving. This could be viewed as a good thing. But at some point, the drunkenness would be unacceptable to society at large. The person might approach strangers, making little sense or acting in other obnoxious ways, or wander into traffic, endangering himself and others. At some point, when to…. [read more]

Police Culture and the Perpetuation Article Review

… Different professions do not have the same danger of a potential loss of business when accused of domestic violence (Chambliss, 2011).

The study has displayed a common theme of occupational stress associated with police work. In addition, a number of the studies performed incorporated studies analyzing large police sections vs. rural or smaller police divisions. These studies uncovered that bigger police divisions had more exposure to critical events like shootings and more negative stressors at work as potential for continuing work identified stretch into the officers family life, bringing about domestic violence (Shockey-Eckles, 2010). Then again, different studies uncovered a much distinctive perspective of the issue to incorporate individual personality qualities of the officer, substance misuse, police training and strategies as variables answerable for violence…. [read more]

Policing Social Control and Prison Essay

… Policing, Social Control, And Prison

Policing, Social Control and Prison

There are over two million people incarcerated in the United States today, this comes out to fifteen prisoners for every 100,000 persons (Pager, 2003, p. 937). This is a 600% increase since the 1970s and gives the country the highest internment rate on the planet. Imprisonment has been gone from a penalty reserved chiefly for the most atrocious offenders to one given for a much greater range of crimes and much greater proportion of the population. Recently developed crime policy has led to judges imposing harsher sentences for a wider variety of offenses packing our prisons with an ever growing number of individuals (Pager, 2003, p. 938).

Drug related violence is has become widespread not…. [read more]

PTSD the Nature of Police Work Increases Thesis


The nature of police work increases the probability of developing Posttraumatic Stress disorder

Police Work

The nature of police work increases the probability of developing Posttraumatic Stress disorder (PTSD)

There is a general consensus that there are a very high number of police officers that suffer from PTSD, which has a decidedly negative impact on the individual and the functioning of the police force. As one study notes; "All too many police officers are victims of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" (Police and PTSD, 2005, para.1). Post traumatic stress disorder is understood as a response to traumatic stress, such as having to kill someone in the line of duty.

Another area of concern that emerges from the literature is that there is a relative paucity…. [read more]

Silver Spring Police Department Senior City Capstone Project

… Silver Spring Police Department





Total Department Personnel 275


Officer to Citizen Ratio

Base Population 1.86 per 1001

Total with Influx Population 1.85 per 1002

Officers per Square Land Mile

Senior City Police was chartered and its operation put under a form of government i.e. Council-Manager

The appointment of the police chief is done by and reports to the Senior City's mayor

The office of Montgomery County Sherriff is donating the building to be used by the police of the Senior City

Fully- equipped building has been given together with functioning centre of communication, and portable radios for the officers working for us.

The office of the Montgomery County…. [read more]

Substance Abuse: Driving Term Paper

… These include the Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) -- a support group of alcoholics that seeks to cure alcohol addicts from their addiction through a twelve-step process; the Al-Anon / Al-Ateen Family Groups -- a fellowship of relatives and friends of alcoholics who share their experience, strength, and hope, in order to solve their common problems.

The Al-Anon programs are based on the belief that alcoholism is a family illness, and that changed attitudes can aid recovery.

Jail Alternatives:

Convicted DUI offenders can be sent to jail and fined, particularly in case of repeat offenders. Other alternatives to jail sentence, apart from the DUI Programs for rehabilitation that were discussed in the preceding paragraphs are: Electronic Monitoring (wearing of an ankle bracelet that monitors the whereabouts of…. [read more]

Substance Abuse Inside the Prison Term Paper

… The Northern Ireland Prison service recognizes the fact that in order to effectively handle the strategy it would be important to get both statutory as well as non-statutory bodies equally involved, especially those bodies that have special knowledge of the various types of medical, psychological, and social problems that may be posed by drug abuse. This is why the basic backbone of the Strategy, after having taken into account, the importance of creating and then maintaining proper and sufficient relations with Health and Social Services Boards, with the Probation Board for Northern Ireland, and with all the various specialist community groups. In addition, it would always maintain relations with the police, and with the customs, and excise officials, so that the expert knowledge that these…. [read more]

Police in Society Term Paper

… Police in Society

Organizational Structure

Hiring Standards

Community-Based Policing Philosophy

Police in Society

The police department has immense responsibility in maintaining law and order and providing safety and security implies the need for the establishment of a strong police force based on a clear and sound organizational philosophy. Establishing and maintaining a police organization for the urban city of metropolis with its population of around 300000 people is a task that requires careful planning and execution right from the hiring process to the strategic deployment of force. It is envisioned that a well co-ordinated and cooperative police network, with four interconnected stations would be very effective in checking crimes in the city and allaying the fears of the public.


Police department has a vital…. [read more]

Stress and Police Officials Research Paper

… As law enforcement professors have to face critical incidents and can suffer severe stress, it is significant to develop strategies and policies to assess, understand as well as solve the issues which were caused due to stress related incidents.

Finding methods to improve the environment of work place and developing relationships that cultivate the capability to communicate about frustrations is a vital step in stress management. It is also important for the recovery of psychological injury and emotional distress. Law enforcement professionals are exposed to higher risks of stressful incidents because of unpredictable situations but with the help of proper stress management everyone will have the opportunity to work even in non-favoring situations.


Bennett, W.W., & Hess, K.M. (2007). Management and Supervision in Law…. [read more]

Assessment for Training of the Metropolitan Police Department Term Paper

… ¶ … Training of the Metropolitan Police Department

Context of the Problem

Brief History of the District of Columbia Metropolitan Area Police/

Community Relations since World War II

Major Problems Preventing Positive Relations between Communities and District of Columbia

Metropolitan Area Police Force

Can Training Programs Enhance Community

Relations for the District of Columbia Metropolitan

Area Police Force?

What Training Modules Can be Used to Enhance Relations between Surrounding Communities and the District of Columbia Metropolitan Area Police


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations



Context of the Problem

The issue of poor training has weighed heavily on the District of Columbia Metropolitan Police Department over the last few years. This issue hinders the necessary trust and…. [read more]

Teen Drug Abuse - Prescription Term Paper

… g., social class, ethnic and religious influences, neighborhood values); family and peer (e.g., personalities and interaction patterns of parents and peers, child-rearing patterns, peer socialization, and parental/peer modeling of alcohol use); and intra-individual (e.g., genetic predispositions, cognitive and personality variables) (Morrison, et al. 2007). Drinking is seen as influenced directly only by intra-individual factors. These in turn are influenced by the social variables (directly through intimate groups and both indirectly and directly by the sociocultural and community environment). Conversely, drinking behavior is expected to influence intra-individual attributes, which will in turn influence other domains.

When considering a model for adolescent substance abuse, it is important to incorporate differential effects of factors in relation to the developmental stage of the adolescent. The relative contribution of factors…. [read more]

Genetics and Drug Abuse Essay

… " (Volkow, nd, p. 1) Because of the chronic nature of the disease, relapse to abuse of the individual's drug of choice is considered to be "not only possible but likely, with relapse rates similar to those for other well-characterized chronic medical illnesses such as diabetes, hypertension, and asthma." (Volkow, nd, p.1) Treatment involves the change of behaviors that are deeply embedded therefore relapse "should not be considered failure but rather indicate that treatment needs to be reinstated or adjusted, or that alternate treatment is needed." (Volkow, nd, p. 1) However, the individual who is addicted must also do their part and "take responsibility to get treatment and actively participate in it." (Volkow, nd, p. 1) Ethnicity is also reported to play a great role…. [read more]

Excessive Force by Police Term Paper

… Excessive Force by Police

Many people are familiar with the cases of Abner Louima and Rodney King, two famous examples of police brutality. The death of Amadou Diallo in New York is another example covered extensively in the media. However, for every case of police brutality that receives media coverage, many more go unnoticed.

This paper argues that police brutality is far from an aberation, covered in the media only in extreme cases. Instead, this paper maintains that the police brutality is a growing problem.

The first part of this paper looks at data regarding the police use of extreme force, especially among racial minorities. The second part then examines why these abuses continue. In the last part, this paper looks at the role of…. [read more]

Benefits of Merging Probation With Parole Research Paper

… ¶ … Merging Probabtion and Parole

In the United States, the parole and probation systems have been implemented with two main goals in mind: To promote rehabilitation rather than mere incarceration; and to offer an alternative to incarceration in already overcrowded prisons. Further, probation offers an economic alternative to incarceration. In comparison, an individual under probation supervision costs only approximately $1,250 per year, as opposed to $30,000 to keep the same individual incarcerated for a year. The probation and parole systems are, however, not handled in the same way across the United States. Some have different types of legislation and rights for parole and probation officers, others have similar legislation and rights, while a third group of states have integrated and streamlined their probation and…. [read more]

Illinois Department of Conservation Police Term Paper

… In addition to all the above enforceable duties, the CPO is expected to also carry out various non-enforceable duties like giving voluntary speeches at meetings being held with the aim of preserving wildlife and forests and for their conservation, as well as giving important information through lectures aimed at school and college going students about the various issues concerning conservation, and also conducting or at the very least offering assistance at the various programs that are conducted with the aim of safety education in relation to areas such as snowmobiling or hunting or boating expeditions in the state of Illinois.

The CPO is also expected to help out other law enforcement agencies during various rescue or search operations, as well as to educate or provide…. [read more]

Effectiveness of Community Oriented Policing vs. Problem Term Paper

… ¶ … Community Oriented Policing vs. Problem Oriented Policing

Effectiveness of Community Oriented Policing vs. Problem Oriented

There are a number of fundamental concepts that are important in understanding the role and responsibility of modern policing in contemporary industrialized societies. These include the idea that "... The police institution originates with the people, depends on them for support, and, in effect, the people are the police and the police are the people." (Robinson, Scaglion & Olivero, 1994, p. 127)

Secondly, that the primary focus of the police is to protect the majority of law - abiding people from the minority of criminal and law- breakers. (Robinson, Scaglion & Olivero, 1994, p. 127) The modern police, as an institution, have its origins "in the need to…. [read more]

Drug Abuse Has Reached an Alarming Level Essay

… Drug abuse has reached an alarming level in the present, with substances on nearly every street corner available to buy for virtually anyone. For several decades, the U.S. authorities have launched a war to fight drugs and so far it has stopped large amounts of substances from reaching the open market. However, in spite of the efforts being done to bring drug traffic to an end, the business is still working strong all over the country.

During the first half of the 20th century, substance abuse had not been disturbing when considering the amounts of drugs being trafficked and consumed in the world. People from the time had also been unaware of the effects of most drugs because of the fact that substances were being…. [read more]

Corrections Gius, Mark. ) Term Paper

… Under option four, the regional facility manages both pretrial and convicted inmates, however only portions of the participating jurisdictions continue to operate their own facilities. Under option five, local facility accepts referrals from other participating jurisdictions, including the state, for specified inmate types. Under option six, a single jurisdiction accepts pretrial and/or sentenced inmates on a set fee-for-service basis. Under option seven, total consolidation of city-county jurisdiction inmates, resources and governance.

The author notes that there is no one right answer, nor is there a quick and easy way to make the decision, and that success lies in careful consideration of a number of complex issues, and hinge on a number of factors, as leaders develop innovative and strategic collaborations that bring benefits to both…. [read more]

Criminal Justice: Challenges and Developments Term Paper

… Furthermore family and friends not connected professionally with the department should also be enlisted in monitoring police officers for any signs of excessive stress or possible substance abuse.

Whether the problem belongs to criminals or officers of the law, it is important for the criminal justice system to employ policies of zero tolerance with alcohol and drug abuse problems. As seen above, studies have shown that tax dollars are saved when rehabilitative programs are implemented and used sufficiently. When the cyclic pattern of substance abuse is therefore halted or at least reduced, the final effect is that the crime rate is reduced.

The Role of Information Technology

Information technology has affected nearly all areas of life, and all professions. Using this technology can significantly reduce…. [read more]

U.S. With Prison Data Collection? Essay

… Because in this case the police department is not in a condition to ensure the job of that affected individual in the department, keeping in mind the deprivation of that individual. The state's policies are though generous in this case as well but the state does not promise to grant him his same job as he wanted (Kaufmann-Kohler, 2003).

Question 6

What are the major differences between correctional staff and community views on inmate amenities? In your opinion, how should the criminal justice system address this issue?


As the issue at disposal is about the law enforcing agencies effective in the urban and rural areas so these individuals employed by the state may not be authorize to share the ground duties and the nature…. [read more]

How Large Is the Problem of Child Abuse and What Are We Doing About It? Term Paper

… Child Abuse

How large is the problem of child abuse and what are we doing about it?

Children, today, are being abused at an alarming rate. The abuse can range from physical abuse to sexual abuse, psychological abuse or neglect (Righthand, Kerr, & Drach, 2003). Whichever the type of abuse inflicted on the child, he/she is affected in a negative way that many times can carry on into adulthood. Child abuse is a serious problem and statistics have shown that it is not a rare occurrence. According to Grapes (2001), "in 1997, an estimated 3,195,000 children were reported to child protective services (CPS) agencies as alleged victims of maltreatment" (p.16). This information was collected among 35 states, among the United States, which indicated that each…. [read more]

Offender Re-Entry Project Programs Literature Review

… Offender Re-Entry Program


Offender reentry covers all activities and programs, which help prepare former offenders to return safely in their communities, assimilate and live again as law-abiding citizens (James, 2011). It is, however, unfortunate that some of them eventually go back to prison at the 1994 rate of 2/3 within three years of release. Recidivists, compared with average law-abiding citizens, are less educated, less gainfully employed and more likely to be involved in drug use or with a history of mental illness. These are consequences of incarceration (James). Mass imprisonments in the 1980s and 1990s generated a prisoner reentry crisis and its unpredictable long-term consequences (O'Hear, 2007). Almost all of them eventually re-enter their previous communities where they committed their crimes (O'Hear, 2007).…. [read more]

Stress and Drug Abuse CISM Thesis

… Police officers, including those who investigate drug-related crimes are also at high risk for drug and alcohol-related abuse. This may be caused by a single traumatic incident, or simply the daily stress of investigating horrific incidents.

In recognition of the high risk of substance abuse amongst the force, debriefing has become part of most police unit's routines. The steps of "critical incident stress debriefing, or CISD, has been organizationally formalized for law enforcement and emergency services" (Miller 2006). CISD may take place after a call that is particularly unusual or traumatic, and usually takes the form of a single group meeting shortly after the incident. The phases of CISD include the fact phase, when the group describes the incident collectively; the thought phase when the…. [read more]

Australian Indigenous Group or Populations Essay

… While it's impossible to evaluate and determine the exact extent of the indigenous people's over-representation in the criminal justice system, the Royal Commission has reported that a measure of structural bias within the criminal justice system is partly the reason for the population's arrests, incarceration, and detention. Despite the assumption that these people commit more offenses due to certain underlying factors, the high rates of crime do not completely explain the varying jurisdictions in Australia. However, while the Commission cites structural bias as one of the reasons, it acknowledges the existence of several and multifaceted underlying reasons that result in high rates of crime among the indigenous people. Some of these major underlying factors include issues associated with housing, education, employment, substance abuse, and the…. [read more]

System of Inquiry Essay


Police Ethics Codes and the Problem of "Professional Courtesy"

In contemporary American policing, every duly authorized federal, state, or local municipal police agency maintains an official code of professional conduct or "code of ethics" (Peak, 2002; Schmalleger, 2008). Generally, police codes of ethics outline the professional responsibility of professional police officers to adhere to high standards of personal and professional conduct in the performance of their official duties. Additionally, many police codes of ethics also apply to the private conduct of professional police officers in their private lives as well (Peak, 2002; Schmalleger, 2008).

Within contemporary American policing, there is a fundamental problem in connection with the existence of unofficial and unauthorized "codes" of "professional…. [read more]

Impact of Illicit Commodity Research Paper

… ¶ … Cocaine in California

Cocaine production and abuse for years has posed as the greatest drug threats in the Central Valley HIDTA region of California. Cocaine is available and abused at so many various high levels all over the region and is linked with most of the drug-connected property crime and violent crime. Most of the cocaine available in the area is transferred by Mexican DTOs from foundation places in Mexico or then produced in local secret laboratories underground somewhere. Increased cocaine obtainability in the California region has caused in a weakening in wholesale prices from just about $20,000 per pound all through the fourth quarter of 2009 to $16,000 per pound throughout the fourth quarter of 2009.[footnoteRef:1] This region of California has been…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Juvenile Justice Gang Term Paper

… The office of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention should have seminars to train law enforcement officials to forestall the formation of gangs (TheAttorneyStore, 2013). This can significantly eradicate/limit number of gangs involvement in criminal activities. The Office of the Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention should come up with programs that prioritize recruitment of faith-based organizations as well as community members and representatives from community-based organizations to come up with engaging activities for at-risk juveniles. The program should also encourage multiagency collaboration at neighborhood, community and federal level. The program should finally stress the importance of partnering with the private sector. Community businesses stand to flourish when juvenile involvement in gang activities is reduced (TheAttorneyStore, 2013). To counter juvenile hate crime, respective states should come up with…. [read more]

Human Slavery Trafficking in the US Research Paper

… The case has 92 defendants, including senior army officers, police officers, and politicians (The New York Times, 2016).

Reaction of Courts, Criminal Justice System, and Society

Among senior Thailand, army officers in Thailand are lieutenant general Manas. His testimony during the trial revealed that his government’s policy to only help on boats ferrying migrants from Myanmar and Bangladesh was only helping increase the risk of trafficking. Under the help of policy, the government ordered the country’s navy to intercept migrant boats within the country’s territorial waters and to provide them with water, food, fuel, and other humanitarian supplies before setting them free to travel onward to Indonesia or Malaysia. While the objective of the help on policy might have been good and meant to protect…. [read more]

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