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Substance Abuse Treatment Analysis Essay

… The symptom of preoccupation is marked by an individual's tendency to spend a considerable amount of time thinking about, consuming, and recovering from the effects of the substance(s) of abuse. In some cases, the individual's behavior may be noticeably altered by his or her preoccupation with these matters. Such an individual may, for example, lose interest in personal relationships or may become less productive at work as a result of constant preoccupation with obtaining more of the substance of abuse.

Adverse Consequences

Examples of adverse physical consequences resulting from AOD abuse include experiencing blackouts, injury and trauma, or withdrawal symptoms or contracting an infectious disease associated with high-risk sexual behaviors. One of the most serious health threats to AOD abusers, particularly those who inject drugs…. [read more]

Substance Abuse Intervention for Homeless Youth Research Paper

… Substance Abuse and Homeless Youth

The focus of this research paper is to discuss the connection between homelessness in youth populations and substance abuse. "Homeless young adults are defined as individuals between 12 and 24 years of age who are without stable housing and who identify with the culture and economy of living on the street [1, 7-9]. Identification with street culture includes engaging in accepted practices for earning money (such as panhandling), adopting unique slang language and developing strategies to prevent victimization" (Gomez et al., 2010). Thus, with homeless youths, the homelessness is not a temporary flirtation with time away from home, but a complete and thorough transition to life on the streets. This distinction is important to make, as this paper is will…. [read more]

Genetics and Drug Abuse Essay

… " (Volkow, nd, p. 1) Because of the chronic nature of the disease, relapse to abuse of the individual's drug of choice is considered to be "not only possible but likely, with relapse rates similar to those for other well-characterized chronic medical illnesses such as diabetes, hypertension, and asthma." (Volkow, nd, p.1) Treatment involves the change of behaviors that are deeply embedded therefore relapse "should not be considered failure but rather indicate that treatment needs to be reinstated or adjusted, or that alternate treatment is needed." (Volkow, nd, p. 1) However, the individual who is addicted must also do their part and "take responsibility to get treatment and actively participate in it." (Volkow, nd, p. 1) Ethnicity is also reported to play a great role…. [read more]

Substance Abuse and or Addiction Diagnosis Treatment and or Prevention Essay

… Substance Addiction


Substance Addiction in Pregnancy and Treatment


Audiences: adolescent girls and women, healthcare providers, principals and leaders of youth, women's and other community and church organizations and halfway homes for women

Information and Education Campaign for the Prevention of Substance Addiction in Women, specifically Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome or NAS

To briefly inform or update the target audiences about the current treatment of substance addiction among pregnant women, specifically NAS

To inform them about NAS, its nature, incidence, prevalence, prevention, screening and treatment

To motivate adolescent girls in these audiences against illicit substance use

To extend assistance to former or present substance-using pregnant women to obtain screening, treatment of, or prevention of, NAS

Visual Aids --…. [read more]

Substance Abuse: Levi Research Paper

… Since Levi is hesitant to share his medical diagnosis with his family, his therapist should begin exploring ways to help him connect to more supportive relationships. It is important to note that Levi's work is likely to be mostly solitary because he repairs automobiles, so he may not have the opportunity to meet people and form relationships through his workplace. His treatment plan should address ways in which he can join groups, either formal support groups or informal community groups. A HIV support group would be ideal, as one of the precipitating factors for his low mood, anxiety, and isolation is his diagnosis of HIV. Participating in a group would alleviate some of his isolation and likely raise his awareness that other individuals have similar…. [read more]

Efficacy of Personality Disorder Treatments Research Paper

… They occur in every culture. The affects of personality disorders are long lasting and are diffuse. People affected by personality disorders are not just the victims, but also the families, and the general communities of those who suffer from personality disorders. Just as with any medical condition, prevention is the best cure, as well as early diagnosis.


Clarkin, PhD, J.F., Foelsch, PhD, P.A, Levy, PhD, K.N., Hull, PhD., J.W., Delaney, J.C., & Kornberg, MD, O.F. (2001) The Development of a Psychodynamic Treatment for Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder: A Preliminary Study of Behavioral Change. Journal of Personality Disorders, 15(6), 487 -- 495.

Giesen-Bloo, J., van Duck, MD, PhD, R., Spinhoven, PhD, P., van Tilburg, MD, PhD, W., Dirksen, PhD, C., van Asselt, T., Kremers,…. [read more]

Substance Abuse Among Licensed Counselors and Client Contact Term Paper

… Substance Abuse Among Licensed Counselors and Client Contact

Today, there are numerous ethical and legal dilemmas inherent in the issue of licensed counselors and drug abuse. The ACA or the American Counseling Association Code of Ethics requires counselors to follow the guidelines under the ACA strictly, so that there would be an exercise of restraint against those counselors who are prone to using drugs, and are in no fit state of mind to offer advice to others. For example, the Standard of Practice Nineteen (SP-19): Impairment of Professionals states that "Counselors must refrain from offering professional services when their personal problems or conflicts may cause harm to a client or others." (ACA Code of Ethics and Standards of practice) In other words, the basic mission…. [read more]

Behavior Related to Drug Abuse Article Review

… Substance use and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) are often interrelated conditions. Although globally, injection drug use is related to between five and ten percent of HIV infections, in certain countries in Asia, Europe, the Middle East, North America, and South America, up to 80% of all HIV infections are related to injection drug users (Von Unger & Collins). Following are reviews of three articles dealing with the implications of HIV / AIDS and the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of substance use disorders.

Transforming the meaning of HIV / AIDS in recovery from substance use: A qualitative study of HIV-positive women in New York:

Von Unger and Collins note that for women with HIV / AIDS, recovering from substance abuse is often…. [read more]

Glbt Substance Abuse Therapies the Path Research Paper

… GLBT Substance Abuse Therapies

The path to sobriety for substance abusing adolescents that are gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender (and "questioning") is not a well-marked route. In fact for many LGBT adolescents there are detours, barricades, slippery slopes and other road hazards along the way. And there is not an abundance of readily available services for these young people. But there are indeed recovery strategies and rehabilitation programs available for this minority population, and this paper describes several remedies.

The Literature on substance abuse treatment for LGBT adolescents

In a national survey of substance abuse disorders within the LGBT community, the Office of Applied Studies in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reports that the "extent of substance abuse disorders" within the LGBT…. [read more]

Psychology Treatment Thesis

… 29).

A crisis in mental health care funding is approaching rapidly given that the Baby Boomer generation will retire over the next twenty years and expenditures for older Americans with major psychiatric disorders will double. There will also be a serious lack of mental health services, providers and funding. About 20% of all adults over age 55 have major mental illnesses such as depression and dementia, although these are often under-reported and under-diagnosed (Bartels et al., 2010, p. 261). Medicare and Medicaid expenditures for nursing homes, outpatient and inpatient services, pharmacy and emergency room visits always "increase with advancing age" especially for those age 85 and over requiring "acute and long-term care." These expenses increase further for patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, although elderly…. [read more]

Drug Abuse Prevention or Treatment Strategy Term Paper

… Drug Abuse Prevention or Treatment Strategy

Every Government reserves the right to fight against the use and the abuse of illicit drugs, like for example, prescribed drugs like psycho stimulants, and the use of other drugs like tobacco and of alcohol. The Australian government has launched the National Illicit Drug Strategy entitled the 'Tough on Drugs' campaign in the year 1997, in order to combat the illicit usage of drugs and also to dramatically decrease the demand as well as the supply of these drugs. Since the launch of the plan, the Australian government has spent more than $1 billion in research and drug abuse prevention strategies. The supply of drugs has been now controlled, and the same campaign also includes the easy availability and…. [read more]

Teen Drug Abuse - Prescription Term Paper

… g., social class, ethnic and religious influences, neighborhood values); family and peer (e.g., personalities and interaction patterns of parents and peers, child-rearing patterns, peer socialization, and parental/peer modeling of alcohol use); and intra-individual (e.g., genetic predispositions, cognitive and personality variables) (Morrison, et al. 2007). Drinking is seen as influenced directly only by intra-individual factors. These in turn are influenced by the social variables (directly through intimate groups and both indirectly and directly by the sociocultural and community environment). Conversely, drinking behavior is expected to influence intra-individual attributes, which will in turn influence other domains.

When considering a model for adolescent substance abuse, it is important to incorporate differential effects of factors in relation to the developmental stage of the adolescent. The relative contribution of factors…. [read more]

Pharmaceutical Drug Abuse Term Paper

… Healthcare

Prescription Drug Abuse on-Campus and Off Introduction

Drug abuse has long been a major concern of policymakers, educators, and healthcare officials in the United States. The subject of innumerable media stories and government and medical reports, as well as many anecdotal accounts, drug abuse has typically meant the misuse, or recreational use, of illegal drugs. These illegal drugs include such dangerously addictive substances as heroin and crack cocaine, and also other drugs such as cocaine, marijuana, various barbiturates, amphetamines, and so forth.

However, it is only recently that many have begun to look at another related issue - the sizeable problem of the abuse of legal, prescription drugs. Abuse of prescription drugs - such as has gained notoriety in the widely publicized case of…. [read more]

Impact of PTSD and Substance Abuse on African-American Females Term Paper

… ¶ … PTSD and Substance Abuse on African-American females

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder refers to a psychological disorder caused by experiences that are threatening in nature. These experiences make the victims of PTSD undergo psychological, biological changes besides impairing the victim's ability of function properly in life.


PTSD studies have revealed that African-Americans are associated with low rates of substance use disorders. However, some researchers have indicated that African-Americans have higher rates of disorders related to anxiety. Regarding PTSD, existing studies have shown that African-Americans have higher rates compared to European-Americans. In 2010, at least twenty percent of African-Americans have PTSD compared to European-Americans' fourteen percent. A comparison between African-Americans and European-Americans reveals that the African-American group has higher rates of PTSD. Other studies…. [read more]

Contingency Management Alcohol Marijuana Studies Term Paper

… Contingency Management


The purposes of this review are to gain an understanding of the controlled studies using contingency management (CM) in the substance abuse field, and where applicable emphasize those studies that incorporate CM with community reinforcement approach (CRA). This paper should offer a critical review of the literature with an eye toward identifying important and unresolved theoretical and research questions. Logan (1972) holds that there is much evidence that animals also respond to operant contingencies with psychoactive substances.

The New York Times reports in the work entitled: "Toward a Behavioral Economic Understanding of Drug Dependence: Delay Discounting Processes" (2006) states that many times those who are addicted to alcohol or drugs do not stay clean because they either "won't go…. [read more]

Relapse Prevention Therapy Breaks Down Term Paper

… The recovering person must learn about the addiction and recovery process (Gorski and Kelley, 2003). He or she must separate from friends who use and build relationships that support long-term recovery (Gorski and Kelley, 2003). This may be a very difficult time for criminal justice patients who have never associated with people with sobriety-based lifestyles (Gorski and Kelley, 2003).

They also need to learn how to develop recovery-based values, thinking, feelings, and behaviors to replace the ones formed in addiction (Gorski and Kelley, 2003). The thoughts, feelings, and behaviors developed by people with criminal lifestyles complicate and hinder their involvement in appropriate support programs during this period (Gorski and Kelley, 2003). Major intervention to teach the patient these skills is necessary if he or she…. [read more]

Theories and Models of Addiction Substance Abuse Essay

… Psychology

Theories and Models of Addiction/Substance Abuse

A lot of people do not know why or how people become addicted to drugs. It is sometimes implicit that drug abusers lack moral principles or willpower and that they could stop utilizing drugs merely by choosing to alter their behavior. Some people believe that drug addiction is a multifaceted illness, and quitting takes more than good objectives. These people believe that drugs alter the brain in manners that promote compulsive drug abuse, and quitting is difficult, even for those who are ready to do so. Because of scientific advances, more is known about how drugs work in the brain than ever before. It is also known that drug addiction can be effectively treated to help people to…. [read more]

Female Substance Use Disorder Term Paper

… Female Substance Use Disorder

Gender Affects Relationships Between Drug Abuse and Psychiatric Disorders, an article in the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), NIDA Notes (Swan, 1997), reports that when women had the dual problem of depression and drug abuse, depression episodes occurred first, and drug dependency came second.

In a study conducted by Dr. Kathleen T. Brady and associates at the Medical University of South Carolina - examining gender differences in psychiatric disorders among 100 abusers of alcohol and cocaine abusers who had sought treatment - about 48% of the men, and 70% of the women had a "comorbid affective or anxiety disorder." And 68% of the women seeking treatment had one or more of other mental disorders including "passive-aggressive, obsessive-compulsive, and antisocial personality…. [read more]

Pancreatitis the Pancreas Research Paper

… Patients with autoimmune or ideopathic pancreatitis will require information specific to the etiology of their disease.

When relevant, the information provided to pancreatitis patients should emphasize lifestyle choices (Andris, 2010; Braganza, Lee, McCloy, and McMahon, 2011). Patients should be made aware of the belief that reducing or eliminating fatty foods, alcohol, and tobacco help prevent relapse. Patients could also be informed of the possibility that increasing the amount of antioxidant-rich foods may provide benefits beyond replacing unhealthy foods.

Patient fears about pancreatitis should be addressed and any misconceptions dispelled as soon as possible (Braganza, Lee, McCloy, and McMahon, 2011). The importance of continuity of care should be emphasized and the risks of analgesic addiction discussed at length.

Outcome Evaluation

The primary goals of treatment are…. [read more]

Concise Analysis of Military Substance Abuse Treatment & Relapse Research Paper

… Models of Case Management

There are three models that define the process of case management as well as the role of case managers: role-based case management, organization-based case management, and responsibility-based case management (Woodside & McClam, 2014). Role-based case management stipulates the role expected of the case manager. For instance, one case manager may focus on therapy, while another may be expected to ensure cost efficiency. Organization-based case management involves offering a spectrum of services, keen on addressing multiple problems. Responsibility-based case management involves allowing the client, family members, volunteers, and social networks to undertake some case management functions.

As mentioned earlier, the agency provides services aimed at treating not only substance abuse, but also other mental disorders such as depression, anxiety, and PTSD. Focusing…. [read more]

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Review Essay

… Therefore, the therapeutic technique is not the same as one would expect in a different type of treatment-focused intervention, because its goal is generally to prevent relapse.

However, it is also important to keep in mind that mindfulness is a very popular self-help technique. MBCT is considered a way to help people achieve a greater degree of happiness and success in their lives, even if those people do not actually suffer from a disorder. This is an important concept to keep in mind for the practitioner who may be more comfortable with treating a disease, rather than treating an individual. MBCT can help even those people without a disorder or a diagnosis achieve a greater degree of personal satisfaction in their lives, so that treatment…. [read more]

Combat and Substance Abuse Posttraumatic Research Paper

… There are significant limitations to this conclusion, including a selection bias introduced by studying only veterans seeking care through the VA. Many veterans may be ineligible for medical coverage through the VA, have private medical coverage, or distrust the VA. Other veterans may be reluctant to admit having a substance abuse problem. The methodological problems could be addressed by academic institutions with no formal ties to the VA.

In spite of these significant limitations, the above findings suggest that the dominant risk factors for substance abuse are similar for civilians and military personnel alike. Youth and mental illness appear to be the biggest risk factors, while combat exposure may contribute only a few percentage points. Mental health therefore determines the prevalence of substance abuse behavior…. [read more]

Child Sexual Abuse Thesis


Child sexual abuse is a major social and familial issue that has impacted the lives of many people throughout the world. Although the maltreatment of children in any form is deplorable, sexual abuse of children has a particularly cruel stigma. The purpose of this discussion is to examine the impact sexual abuse has on victims and the interventions for victims. The discussion will begin by defining child sexual abuse.

Defining Child Sexual Abuse

According to the Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence, sexual abuse is defined as sexual contact with an adult or older child through coercion or deceptive manipulation at an age and stage of development at which they do not possess sufficient maturity to understand the nature of the acts and therefore to…. [read more]

concise Analysis of Addiction Research Paper

… These findings have key implications when it comes to professional education. Further studies into this area must revolve around the performance of well-formulated researches having larger samples for allowing well-grounded conclusions to be reached and a sound evidence base to be developed. Healthcare providers are positioned ideally to support and improve individuals', communities' and families' wellbeing and health. They can effectively reach large population segments since typically patients consider them their role models; hence, society in general expects and demands that healthcare providers actually put into practice whatever they "preach." But provider-patient communication and the degree of healthcare and intervention delivered to patients is normally governed by various elements, such as the professional and personal views, principles, addiction experiences and individual substance consumption of healthcare…. [read more]

Dually Diagnosed African-American and Latino Adolescents Term Paper

… Dually Diagnosed African-American and Latino adolescents


Abuse of substances on the part of adolescents has grown to be a national concern in the United States and has sparked many studies in this area in the last decade. Great challenges are presented for the clinician and the substance abuse treatment system in developing and applying appropriate and effective treatment for these adolescents. Studies have shown that of the adolescents who have substance abuse disorders, many of them also have mental health illness a combination of which is termed 'dual diagnoses or co-occurring disorders. The combination of these two disorders often have devastating impacts on the adolescent, their family and…. [read more]

Parenting Program for Women in Drug Treatment Thesis

… Parenting Program for Women and Children in Residential Treatment

Addiction is something that has been around for many years, and there have been increasingly new ways of treating it that have been created over the course of much research and study. There are many different forms that addiction takes, and there are many different drugs and substances that someone can become addicted to, even if they are not of the age that most people would think of when they picture people that would start down that particular road. Most individuals think of addicts as primarily young, minority men in their 20s and 30s that rob, steal, and cause other problems in order to get their drugs or alcohol. However, there are also…. [read more]

Alcohol Consumption and Symptoms Literature Review

… ¶ … Alcohol Consumption and Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression

Depression and anxiety are related to cognitive as well as psychological impairments. Both these disorders not only affect the life of the ones suffering from it, but also that of the people in the surrounding. Similarly, alcoholism is also another multifaceted social and health concern. It has been well-documented that alcohol abuse has inflicted every part of the world with problems ranging from relationship, health and social problems (Newlin, 2010). The roots of alcohol consumption can be dated back to the times human history originated. There exist numerous ancient literatures and scriptures that indicate the use of alcohol as medicinal compound (Liu, 2011). However, alcoholism has passed down from generation to generation as a social…. [read more]

Relationship of Bipolar Disorders and Addiction Term Paper

… Bipolar Disorder and Substance Addiction

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, is a psychiatric condition that affects more than 5.7 million people in the U.S. roughly equal to 2.6% of the national population above 18 years of age. Patients are usually diagnosed in their late teens and more than 50% of all cases are diagnosed before age 25. [NIMH] the disorder is characterized by unusual mood swings that affect the person's ability to carry on his day-to-day activities. These "mood episodes" range from overexcited state called mania and periods of very low emotional state called depression. These mood variations can be short-term or prolonged and seriously affect the patient's ability to perform normal functions. Majority of patients with bipolar disorder also have…. [read more]

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