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Suicide in the Elderly Thesis

… Suicide in the Elderly

Leading Cause of Death, Rising Incidence

Suicide as one of the 10 leading causes of death in the United States was surpassed by Alzheimer Disease and septicemia more than a decade ago (McKeown 2006). However, it remains a leading cause of death among those aged 10-64 and higher in older persons. Studies showed that suicide rates are highest among older White men (Busko 2008). Suicide rates among White females and Black males and females reach a peak during their midlife. Last year's statistics said that those aged 60-65 comprised 5.1% of the national population; 65-69, 3.9%; 70-74, 3.1%; 75-79, 2.7%; 80-84, 2.3%; and 1.8%, 85 and older. Other recent data also revealed that suicide has been increasing fastest in the 85…. [read more]


Prevention of Suicide in Jails and Prisons Essay

… Often, when a prisoner is predisposed to two or more risk factors, they have higher risks of committing suicide. Prisoners are often more likely to commit suicide if they show the warning signs of suicide earlier discussed. Other situations that may lead them to commit suicide include receiving bad news about their family, friends or relatives, marital problems, conflict with inmates they are together with, or tension about their sentences or court hearings and sexual coercion Gunn, Maden, & Swinton, 1991.

Under these circumstances, inmates have often been known to cause suicide.

Why are prison officials obligated to address the problem of prisoner suicide?

Despite prisoners or inmates being stripped off their freedom, they are still entitled to other fundamental rights. They have the right…. [read more]


Suicide and the Elderly Term Paper

… Suicide Among the Elderly

Suicide and the Elderly

Why do older people, especially those suffering from depression and other illnesses, give consideration to suicide, leaving their loved ones (children and grandchildren) and friend behind to grieve? What are the signs that an elderly person may be considering suicide? What can be done to prevent these aging citizens from harming themselves? These questions and others will be examined and reviewed in this paper.

AVAILABLE LITERATURE REFLECTING PERTINENT STUDIES: Meanwhile, according to an article in the American Psychiatric Nurses Association Journal (Fitzpatrick 2005) nurses who care for the elderly should watch for signs that patients may attempt a "silent suicide." That form of suicide is also referred to as "passive suicide," "hidden suicide" and "chronic suicide." It…. [read more]


Suicide Among Youth and Elderly Term Paper

… Other identified risk factors include a family history of mental or substance abuse disorders, a history of physical and/or sexual abuse, low levels of communication with parents, the possession of certain cultural and religious beliefs about suicide (for instance, the belief that suicide is a noble resolution of a personal dilemma), and lack of access or an unwillingness to seek mental health treatment.

Youth suicide protective factors can include an individual's genetic makeup, behavior and the environment. Other voluntary protective factors are learned skills in problem solving, impulse control, conflict resolution, and nonviolent handling of disputes. Family and community support is very important; as is access to effective and appropriate mental health care A scientific approach to preventing suicide involves describing and monitoring the problem,…. [read more]


Elderly Drug and Alcohol Abuse Term Paper

… Elderly Substance Abuse

Stereotypes of elderly people include the crotchety grandfather, the kindly grandmother or a gentle older person who tells stories of years gone by. The elderly are associated with concepts such as infirmity, illness and wisdom. Furthermore, as baby boomers retire, the "post-60" years are being seen as times of continued activity and productivity. More advances are therefore being made to address the diseases that previously plagued those in the post-retirement years.

Not enough attention, however, has been given to a serious problem that is plaguing a growing segment of the elderly population today - substance abuse.

This paper examines the extent of substance abuse in the elderly. The first part of this paper looks at the extent and symptoms of alcohol abuse…. [read more]


Suicide Prevention Approaches Among Aboriginals Essay

… The spirit of inclusion, which the colonizers never gave them, is an important decolonizing strategy. It means including the aboriginal people in developing relevant policies concerning their lives and allowing them to maintain their culture and tradition.

Social workers can approach the suicide issue holistically. This means that social workers should use community-based interventions where they train the youth. This includes training on basics such as how one becomes suicidal, how to tell others they are suicidal, and responding to suicidal people (Thira, 2014). Alternatively, in the colonization period, the aboriginal people were denied access to important services. Therefore, providing them with such services, for example, mental health will help in the identification of people with suicidal thoughts and help them early (Baskin, 2011). Then…. [read more]


Elderly and Their Risk Term Paper

… The themes impacting nurses' assessment and management of depression were time, knowledge and resources (Lee, 2001). Nurses reported that they lacked time to adequately assess depression in elderly because of the complexity of its manifestation in this population and the limited interaction with patients due to short hospital stays and competing priorities.

To determine risk for depression, these nurses relied predominantly on physical symptoms, which require time with the patient and family for an accurate and thorough assessment (Lee, 2001). The nurses' individual background, with the exception of gerontological nursing experience, did not significantly have any influence on their assessment of depression (Lee, 2001). Nurses had inconsistent and incomplete knowledge of the assessment of depression with elders, including their failure to identify patient age as…. [read more]


Durkheim's Study of Suicide Essay

… That can lead to pain they do not know how to address.

If someone already has a mental health problem or other issues, and then gets involved in substance abuse, naturally the chances of suicide go up much more quickly (Rubenstein, et al., 1989). Attempting to find individuality, rebellion, and people needing to be independent from the group, are all reasons for people to commit suicide. These needs have remained static literally for decades, but they are not issues that some people are able to handle. They will see how much they can "mean" to society and their families when they attempt to take their own lives, so they are noticed by others.

If they succeed in their suicide attempt, though, they will not be…. [read more]


Suicide Has Been of Interest Term Paper

… They are too young to truly understand the ramifications of their actions. However, they are not too young to realize that they want to find a means of escape from the unhappiness in their home. Perhaps they saw ending their lives as a better option than trying to make it on their own in the outside world -- especially since they had been secluded for most of their lives. The question: Could someone in the right position help them and change their ultimate decision?

Virgin Suicides also deals with searching for a time that perhaps was brighter, simpler, less stressful. People living in the 21st century see the 1950s as an easier time. Those living in the 1950s, along with the Cold War and the…. [read more]


Adolescent Suicide Epidemiological Approach Term Paper

… Adolescent suicide is now responsible for more deaths in people between ages 15 to 19 than cardiovascular disease or cancer (Blackman, 1996). Teen suicide has more than tripled since the 1960's (Santrock, 2003). Despite this alarming increased suicide rate, depression in this age group is largely under-diagnosed and can lead to serious difficulties in school, work, and personal adjustment, which may continue into adulthood. How prevalent are mood disorders and when should an adolescent with changes in mood be considered clinically depressed? Brown (1996) gives the reason why depression is often overlooked in adolescents is that it is a time of emotional turmoil, mood swings, gloomy thoughts, and heightened sensitivity. Adolescence is often a time of rebellion and experimentation. Blackman (1996), observed that the "challenge…. [read more]


Depression in the Elderly Mental Disorders Case Study

… Depression in the Elderly

Mental disorders are becoming more prevalent in today's society as people add stress and pressure to their daily lives. The elderly population is not eliminated as a candidate for a disorder just because they may be retired. In fact, mental disorders affect 1 in 5 elderly people. One would think that with disorders being rather prevalent in this age group that there would be an abundance of treatment programs, but this is not the case. Because the diagnosis of an individual's mental state is subjective in nature, many troubled seniors remain untreated. Depression in the elderly population is a common occurrence, yet the diagnosis and treatment seem to slip through the cracks (Ellison and Verma, 2003).

Depression is often difficult to…. [read more]


Physician-Assisted Suicide and Ethical Issues the Medical Essay

… Physician-Assisted Suicide and Ethical Issues

The medical profession has been governed by the Hippocratic Oath since antiquity, according to which physicians must "do no harm" to their patients. However, toward end of the 20th century, medical science had progressed to the point that the definition of doing harm became much more complex than easily resolved by the types of distinctions and analyses sufficed previously. As medical interventions enabled the treatment of most human disease, that raised bioethical issues such as distinguishing extending life and prolonging suffering (Sharma, 2004). In many respects, it is no longer ethically appropriate to criminalize physician-assisted suicide or to otherwise impose restrictions on decisions that should remain strictly personal, although appropriate ethical and legal guidelines for avoiding mistakes and abuse are…. [read more]


Elderly Living Arrangements Thesis

… ¶ … elderly are among the fastest growing segments of the population in the United States today. Moreover, this growth is projected to continue well into the mid-21st century as the baby boomer generation reaches retirement age. Although estimates vary, it is also projected that about one in five of this elderly segment of the population will need some level of alternative living arrangement, including residence in a nursing home or long-term care facility. There is a consensus that most elderly people want to remain in their own homes as long as possible, but there comes a time in many people's lives where physical or mental problems force them to move into some type of alternative living arrangement where the daily care they need can…. [read more]


Rising Suicide Rates for South Term Paper

… " (qtd.). It was later found that the woman was recently divorced and had psychological issues which she tried to address through plastic surgery. Interventions for these women and adolescence should be taken. Such interventions should reflect the unique features of anger expression among girls and teach them how to express anger in acceptable ways. These would focus on problem-solving and communication skills. Considering that girls reported low levels of school satisfaction, which is a significant risk factor for suicidal ideation, it is important to provide appropriate school-based services for girls. Also, in regards to those women who commit suicide due to plastic surgery, interventions must be taken on hand before they undergo the process. A screening of patients who request for plastic surgery must…. [read more]


Ethical Issues of Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… It is also squabbled that assisted suicide for fatally ill people undergoing severe pain can be differentiated from euthanasia used for the purpose of genocide on the basis that it is on the basis of the principles of self-respect, respect, and reverence and is selected and performed by the dying persons, instead of being forced on them in opposition to their will. (End of Life Issues and Care) Some would disagree that assisted death already happens in secrecy. For instance, morphine drips apparently used for pain relief is a secret form of assisted death or euthanasia. That PAS is unlawful avoids an open argument, in which patients and doctors could take part. Making PAS legally lawful will encourage open discussion. (Ethics in Medicine: Physician-Assisted Suicide)…. [read more]


Philosophy of Suicide Arthur Camus vs. Arthur Schopenhauer Term Paper

… Philosophy of Suicide

Suicide involves two sides: the act and the reason. The reason, or philosophy of suicide, is what justifies the act to the person committing suicide. In this sense, to the actor, the means justify the end, or the act of killing oneself justifies the philosophy of taking one's own life.

The Act

Suicide is defined as being self-murder, or the intentional act of taking one's own life. Some of the main contributors for suicide are depression, shame, financial difficulties, to avoid pain, substance abuse or other perceived undesirable fates. In the vast majority of societies, suicide is seen as a wrong. In most western and Asian religions, suicide is a dishonorable act or a sin. In many Western nations, suicide is a…. [read more]


Death: Suicide, Euthanasia Term Paper

… The is also the consideration of impact this practice will have on society and the way society may devalue life when it becomes a commodity that can be taken rather than cherished at all costs. The appearance of control and dignity may also be misleading, as the pain caused to those left behind may be immense, especially if they have strong religious beliefs. The argument against the use of euthanasia or assisted suicide used by the Pope was that these people are at their weakest at the point before death, and that in religious terms this, along with abortion, was a "slaughter of the innocents" (Pope John Paul II in a letter to the world's bishops). This letter also raised concerns regarding the overall morals…. [read more]


Therapeutic Massage on Elderly Term Paper

… Geriatric massage is a form of massage designed to meet the specific needs of the elderly population. It involves the use of hands to manipulate the soft tissues of the body to improve blood circulation, relieve pain, and increase range of motion. Active or passive movement of the joints may also be part of geriatric massage (Tran, 2003).

Summary

To summarize this review of the literature, there are many consequences of the death of a spouse for which the newly widowed should prepare themselves. The most threatening and the ones with the most potential for harm are depression and loneliness. The loneliness was defined as needing a companion for everyday activities as well as just being there (Parkes, 1998). Hence, the hunger a widow feels…. [read more]


Concise Analysis of Why suicide among elderly is increasing in Singapore Research Paper

… Also 35% of the respondents sensed that suicide among elderly in Singapore was on the increase, especially in the recent years. Although almost all the respondents agreed on the increasing trends causes of suicide, none of saw it as a solution for the difficulties faced by individuals (95% of the respondents were 30 years and below).

1. Social Connectedness

A large number of risk factor studies show that social disconnectedness is the fourth key driver of suicide among the elderly. There are numerous literatures on how social connections affect health and negative results of social disconnections, comprising those among the elderly (Conwell, 2014). Therefore, the minor drivers of reduced suicide rates among the elderly that permits research at an individual level include:

1. Interventions to…. [read more]


Suicide Rates Among Geriatric Persons Term Paper

… The questionnaire shall consist of questions regarding general welfare and general feelings of contentment vs. dissatisfaction in relation to services being provided, family involvement, independence, and general health. I will model the questionnaire on that performed by Lawton in 1984:

The most detailed attempt to differentiate aspects of subjective well being was made by Lawton (1984) who administered a large number of questionnaires for different scales to 285 U.S. subjects. Two general factors emerged, which Lawton argued represented interior well-being, including self-esteem, satisfaction with past life and positive attitudes to present health, and exterior well-being, including satisfaction with accommodation and social contacts. (Coleman, 1995, p. 56)

Additionally for the needs of this study there will be a standardized diagnostic questionnaire for depression which will include…. [read more]


Adolescent Suicide Integration of CBT and Self-Psychology Term Paper

… Adolescent suicide integration of CBT and self-Psychology

Adolescent Suicide: Integration of CBT and Self-Psychology

Determining why children and adolescents commit suicide is a concern that many individuals in the helping professions face. Obviously, they commit suicide because they are depressed in many instances, but it is also accurate to say that there are other reasons why many of these adolescents choose to take their own lives. Some of them are involved in substance abuse and other issues that cause them to think suicide is the right idea. Others are involved with crowds of other adolescents that drag them down into painful issues and problems that they have trouble facing. When this happens, some of these individuals begin to feel that they are trapped in these…. [read more]


Biological Aspects of Aging Term Paper

… Therefore, I favor assisted suicide (since a patient is taking responsibility for his own death) as well as voluntary euthanasia, whether it is passive or aggressive. I do not believe in preventing people from performing actions which only affect them; I believe that doing so is an infringement of the virtues of liberty that this country was founded upon. However, I also believe that there are situations in which involuntary euthanasia is acceptable, whether it is active or passive. Yet these situations require careful, critical discernment, in order to ensure that there are no ulterior motives involved and that the people who are favoring euthanasia actually have the best interest of the recipient at hand. Most of these situations involve incapacitation, such as if a…. [read more]


Depression in the Elderly Research Paper

… Depression in the Elderly

Many American adults are living longer and healthier lives than ever before, and the elderly segment of the population is rapidly growing. Current U.S. Census Bureau projections indicate that the number of elderly in the United States will fully double by mid-century, and despite the advances in healthcare that have made longer life possible, many of these older adults will still suffer from age-related disorders. In some cases, these disorders can contribute to the incidence of depression in the elderly while in other cases, the depression specific cause or causes of depressive episodes remains unclear. What is known, though, is that depression can have an enormous adverse effect on people's lives and the elderly are at particularly high risk for developing…. [read more]


Physician-Assisted Suicide a Review Term Paper

… The argument could be made that people just die and there is no real difference but there is a strong difference between a good death and a bad one (Brody, 1992). People that are made to be afraid, to suffer, and to rely solely on others for any kind of care often do not wish to live any longer and these people may linger a very long time in this pain and fear before they pass away. Once they have passed away they have no more suffering but the length of suffering that they must endure during the time between when they get sick and when they actually die is often excruciatingly painful not only for them physically and emotionally but for their families emotional…. [read more]


Physician-Assisted Suicide and Its Moral and Ethical Standards Research Paper

… ¶ … against arguments in Doctor Assisted Suicide

This paper examines the much heated arguments in regards to the moral and ethical standards of the idea of doctor-assisted suicide which is also known as physician-assisted suicide. A medical doctor aided suicide stands out among the numerous clinically and morally recognizable practices involving healthcare for patients in their final hours or those with terminal illnesses. Some contend that a doctor-assisted suicide is morally admissible for individuals with terminal illnesses who have decided to escape their intolerable suffering towards the end of life. Others have argued that doctor-assisted suicide is not morally allowable, on the grounds that it negates the customary obligation of doctors to safeguard life and to not be a risk to the patient. The…. [read more]


Ethics Assisted Suicide White Paper

… ¶ … tried to expand on areas that looked very week. You can copy and paste into your paper. If you have any questions or concerns let me know

I'd put this in either the first section the basic dispute section

The motivation that drives a person to pursue assisted suicide is an important issue in the debates regarding the ethics, legality, and what appropriate response to requests for assisted suicide should entail. Understanding the motivation is critically important to in order to determine if physician-assisted suicide should be considered a viable alternative for these individuals. The empirical literature has revealed three general categories of previously described explanations that people use to justify their desire to end their lives: (1) the most common reason for…. [read more]


Pro-Physician Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia

The debate about Euthanasia is an ancient one but it has acquired a new relevance in recent times as advances in medical science have greatly extended human life-spans and it is now possible to sustain life for indefinite periods through artificial means. A closely related issue is whether it is ethical for physicians to assist in their patients' suicide in order to relieve their pain and suffering. Seemingly weighty arguments have been advanced both for and against the issue, but the debate still remains unresolved. A closer scrutiny of the pro and con arguments, however, reveals that the case against physician-assisted suicide does not carry sufficient weight and it is, in fact, a humane act which should be allowed in all…. [read more]


Suicide and Society Term Paper

… Anomie is defined as the state of individual alienation from society, which tends to result in unsocial behaviors. This social isolation can originate from either an excess or a lack of social integration, occurring more in urban societies where displays of increased social and professional specialization are seen, allowing for more heterogeneity and thus a loss of common culture. It is a paradoxical situation where the rate of suicides tends to increase when choices and freedoms increase, allowing individuals more control over their own lives. The resulting anomic condition is more likely seen during periods of prosperity and poverty, primarily affecting the mobile, professional, educated, and divorced people in the social group. This trend demonstrates that people need limits, and limits are set by a…. [read more]


Safety, Communication, and Placement Essay

… His health does not allow him to stay in a crowded room and this is the case with his house. Moreover, a cook and house assistant for assisting Mr. Trosack to manage the house need to be in place. This will ensure the safety of Mr. Trosack. These issues need addressing before Mr. Trosack goes back to the house.

A safe discharge plan and placement for Mr. Trosack is not in his home, as the place does not help a person with a removed hip. The apartment requires him to take the stairs, which he finds difficult; thus, the best place should be on the ground floor. Placing him in a homecare for the elderly could be crucial. Mr. Trosack suffers social isolation, which is…. [read more]


Elderly Depression and Altered Mood Essay

… Some elderly patients may be so depressed that they do not want to engage at all and are beyond taking part in any sort of sharing exercise. Another drawback is that it depends upon the person having all his or her faculties in place so that recollections can be conducted. An elderly person suffering from dementia or from Alzheimer’s is unlikely to reap any benefit from this type of intervention as it relies upon a healthily functioning mind.

A Consideration for Nursing Practice

One salient consideration for nursing practice when working with a person from the population group with this mental health issue is that individual elderly persons need to feel supported, appreciated, and welcome in their environment. Any negative attention that they…. [read more]

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