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SCM Supply Chain Management Essay


Supply chain management is an extremely important aspect of business management. The implementation of the proper supply chain can spell the success or failure of a business. The purpose of this discussion is to describe and evaluate the current system for supplier assessment, selection and evaluation. Discuss how the system could be improved. Particular attention should be given to the role of supplier certification in the system. The actual and potential use and benefits of the ISO 9000 family of standards in the supplier certification will also be discussed.

Quality Management

According to Powell (1995) Total Quality Management is defined as "an integrated management philosophy and set of practices that emphasizes, among other things, continuous improvement, meeting customers' requirements, reducing rework, long- range thinking,…. [read more]

Supply Chain Management Logistics Term Paper

… Supply Chain Management & Logistics

Hewlett-Packard Company

DeskJet Printer Supply Chain (a)

HP's fundamental challenge is in aligning its supply chain, manufacturing and fulfillment systems with the demands both inside the company originating from DCs and outside the company, from mass merchandisers. The alternatives of creating a Sales and Operations Planning framework, implementing a Supplier Performance Measurement system, or building additional factories are analyzed in this case. Of these alternatives, the first one, implementing a Sales and Operations Planning framework will deliver the most lasting and permanent change to the processes inside HP that today need to fundamentally change to keep the company competitive in the inkjet market.


Hewlett-Packard (HP) began as a premier manufacturer of test and measurement equipment, built by engineers for…. [read more]

Supply Chain Purchase Strategies That Increase Accountability Term Paper

… Supply Chain Purchase Strategies That Increase Accountability of Requirements for Commercial Off the Shelf X-ray Equipment at Army Medical


Supply Chain Purchase Strategies that Increase Accountability of Requirements for Commercial Off-the-Shelf X-Ray Equipment at Army Medical Hospitals

Effective supply chain management practices have received a great deal of attention in recent years, but the problems associated with supply chain management are certainly not new. Indeed, as General George Washington's experiences at Valley Forge in 1777-1778 prove, provisioning a military force in the field carries with it some unique and profound challenges, and the U.S. Army has a long history of overcoming these obstacles to ensure that its troops are provided with the materiel they need to achieve their respective missions. Today, the U.S. Army…. [read more]

Productions Operations Management Supply Chain Thesis

… Many of these mentioned elements of success are a part of supply chain as well.

The supply chain can be a secret of success of companies since it can help identify what parties and processes are involved in business process and how to use them. The supply chain ensures that no critical process is ignored. It values as well as integrates the processes that are vital for running the organization. Zara realizes the importance of supply chain management thus it has improved it over time (Thompson, 2012). With the passage of time, Zara identified the need for inventory management, in-house production, less expense on marketing etc. that helped add value in the organization using supply chain.


Zara has successfully evolved over a few decades…. [read more]

Aer Lingus Assess Supply Base Essay

… O'Leary's forthright comments might lead one to believe that the only green concern he has is the livery of Aer Lingus, against which Ryanair recently launched a hostile takeover bid. But the climate change debate is gathering momentum and the impact of air travel on the planet is increasingly coming under the spotlight. (Gray, 2006)

Purchasing as a Means to Manage Supply Chain Risk?

Procurement processes as an active means to reduce the risk in managing the supply chain is rather a common occurrence. The aviation industry relies on the natural resources that drive the production of aircraft parts and the cost of mining crude oil and the refining process to yield gas creates volatility, which in turn with supply/demand cycles, create constraints that spike…. [read more]

Business Logistics and the Supply Chain Term Paper

… Business Logistics and the Supply Chain

In order for manufacturing companies to be successful in the emerging e-business environment, it is necessary for companies to establish strong relationships within their supply chain. A significant part of this process is improved information sharing on all levels of the chain, and the Internet allows for this integration of communication and information technologies, from the factory floor to the top office, and including the company's vendors and suppliers.

Online purchasing has provided the impetus for many manufacturing firms to move from a build-to-stock to build-to-order business model. In addition to upgrading technology, companies must work with their vendors to create win-win relationships with a special emphasis on information sharing. This requires a drastic change in manufacturer/vendor relations, which…. [read more]

Internal Supply Chain Essay

… 2). These longstanding relationships have provided the framework in which products can move along the supply chain in a seamless fashion, or at least as seamlessly as can be expected in a horizontally organized enterprise.

Detailed reasons why supply chain management is important to the company

A supply chain is important to any company because it represents the fundamental process by which goods are transferred from origin points to end consumers (Holmstrom, Hoover, Louhiluoto & Vasara 2000). In this regard, Holmstrom et al. report that, "By tweaking the supply chain, suppliers can offer their customers completely new value propositions and improve their own operations -- without having to weigh the benefits of customer service against its cost" (p. 63). An efficient supply chain is also…. [read more]

Purchasing and Supply Chain Management Term Paper

… It has a major impact on cash flow, as sales have been made, but the cash for them has not been realized.

Supply chain problems also create problems with inventory control and days that stock remains in inventory before profits from it are realized. Supply chain issues affect overhead costs, due to the need to ramp up production once the bottleneck in production has been resolved. Supply chain problems create many problems throughout all areas of the operation. As the supply chain continues to expand on a global basis, so does supply chain risk due to disruption of the supply chain (Schmitt & Singh, 2009). As the supply chain becomes more complex, the chance for catastrophe at any juncture in the system becomes increased. The…. [read more]

Collaboration in Supply Chain Essay

… to the customer's collaboration helps in the reduction of inventory. With collaboration there will be very minimal inventory to the customers. This is because there are few people who are involved as some of the services or people involved have come together hence reduced inventory. Reduced inventory also applies to the material suppliers. With a few number of people involved in the supply chain as a result of collaboration then there will be reduced inventory in the suppliers of materials within the supply chain. For the service suppliers due to the reduced number of people and inventory there will also be a reduced cost in freight.

Collaboration also helps in reducing the warehousing costs. Warehousing costs can go very high when there is no collaboration…. [read more]

Leagility Supply Chain Design Term Paper

… Leagility

Supply Chain Design and Leagility

Leagility with regard to the supply chain may simply be defined as the ability of a supply chain design to maintain a balance of lean and agile supply chain practices during the course of productivity. Critical to this concept is the notion that a supplier must maintain a lean production schedule up to the decoupling point, followed by an agile one that responds and takes advantage of volatile market conditions thereafter.

A supply chain would have to take advantage of volatile markets with high demand for products that may or may not be stable in the long-term, after the decoupling point in production. Up until this point in time organizations would focus more on lean supply chain practices, which…. [read more]

Nagurney ), Supply Chains Term Paper

… Sourcing refers to Whole Foods purchasing organic veggies from distributors, who purchase them from farmers. In order to increase productivity, Whole Food should purchase veggies directly from farmers. Pricing influences customer satisfaction rather than productivity.

In my opinion, the most important two drivers that ensure the success of organic veggie lines are represented by storage sites and sourcing. Storage sites can significantly influence Whole Food's activity by their number and location. A company selling veggies with many storages near delivery markets ensures fresh products, and reduced transportation costs. In other words, this influences other supply chain drivers also. By improving its sourcing strategy and purchasing veggies directly from farmers Whole Food would benefit from smaller prices, which would allow the company to reduce the price…. [read more]

Sony and Supply Chain Management Term Paper

… They are constantly looking for new ways to compete, and new functionality in enterprise software (AME Info FZ LLC). Nonetheless, Sony can still make some important changes to their supply chain practices, based on this research and cost-benefit analysis.

Notes Bill Gauld, CIO of Sony Electronics, Sony must continue to deliver improvements in supply chain management in order to stay competitive. They note that more regulations and higher fuel costs, coupled with price erosion compel the company to increase efficiency in order to remain profitable (Paul).

The ethical implications of these recommendations are diverse. Procurement activities that are unchecked by ethical considerations can often lead to shareholder and consumer dissatisfaction. For example, it would be relatively easy for Sony to obtain cheap goods that come…. [read more]

Global Supply Chain Logistics Essay

… Global Supply Chain Logistics

What factors other than transportation are important to logistics planning? The factors are Supply chain visibility, simultaneous resource consideration and resource utilization.

Many factors are critical to managing a successful supply chain other than simply transportation issues. One such example is Supply Chain Visibility; which is especially important since much of the manufacturing industry utilizes resources overseas which increases transit times in upwards of thirty days or more. These delays in international shipping often represent the process constraint that signifies the supply chain bottleneck. Therefore visibility of these resources in transit is of the utmost importance since the rest of the supply chain is dependent upon the success of this phase.

Technology can serve as a great asset to increase visibility.…. [read more]

Green Supply Chain Operations Term Paper

… Many companies have revised their supply chains because they see a cost savings (see Andersen Windows, below), and many others have found that going green has given them a competitive advantage and cost savings. A group of authors note, "Indeed, provisions are made that the customer returns the product back through the supply chain to the manufacturer for ultimate disposal or recycling" (Boyson, Harrington, and Corsi 21). The customer receives better service and does not have to worry about disposal of recyclable or hazardous products, and the manufacturer builds a reputation for community care, which can lead to increased business, but also can lead to cost savings, especially if they recycle the customers' returns for financial gain. Thus, rather than being a burden, an effective…. [read more]

Pepsico Global Supply Chain Thesis

… Pepsico Global Supply Chain

Corporate Issues in the PepsiCo Global Supply Chain

Company Background

Identification of Issues

PepsiCo's Competition

Environmental and Safety Issues

Association to Junk

In today's dynamic context, organizations strive to improve and maintain a highly competitive edge. They engage in operations to increase the quality of their products and services, they strive to increase customer satisfaction and employees' on the job satisfaction, and they also engage in corporate operations destined to lead to the development of the communities where the entities operate. All these actions have the ultimate scope of increasing and consolidating the market share and consequently the corporate revenues.

The specialized literature and the actual practice are filled with numerous examples of entities that have become the epitome of organizational…. [read more]

Microbrewery Supply-Chain Differentiation Case Study

… That said, the microbrewery industry functions in the manner of a handcrafted, rather than mass produced, product. As such, microbreweries are even more place-bound than a larger beer manufacturing company might be. Location, it seems, is everything in the microbrewery business. Breweries, functioning both as the manufacturing and distribution entities of the business, locate near hops farmers. And, given the right growing conditions, there is an unequivocal mutuality to the logistics decisions.

This trend is evident in the homogenization of retail stores that seem bent on carrying all of the same type of products as their competitors, and in the process, loosing the individual focus that may have characterized their retail operations. This diversification thrust is driving the retailers and supply chain managers to establish…. [read more]

Integrated Supply Chains Rely on Inventory Management Term Paper

… Once a specific series of processes have been successfully modeled and tested through a pilot to ensure their accuracy and traceability, IT systems are then used for streaming the process and making it globally scalable. Measurements of this type of piloting often revolve around the improvements made in Available-To-Promise (ATP), Capable-To-Promise (CTP) (Drickhamer, 2001) and support for advanced manufacturing strategies including assemble and build-to-order (Alexander, 2001) make inventory visibility from the factory floor even more vital the successful management of a manufacturing company.

The most important revenue producing strategies any manufacturer has is also often the most non-standard and difficult to manage as well. New product introductions are a case in point. Launching a new product can often generate up to 70% or more of…. [read more]

Internet of Things in Supply Chain Management Research Paper

… ¶ … Internet of Things for Supply Chain Management

The Internet of Things or IoT is the model for the methodology behind the evolution of the internet. The Internet of Things is a dynamic and evolving web of information connecting the digital world to the tangible world using sensors within the RFID chip. There were 1.3 billion radio-frequency identification tags (RFIDs) and two billion mobile service users, worldwide, in 2005." (Buckley, 2006) the definition of IoT can be more properly defined to include a global network that tracks movement and information on any sensory input. Researchers that speak about the IoT have went on to "describe a future ubiquitous sensor enabled network that collects commercial and personal data associated with objects in the public and…. [read more]

Inventory to Logistics. A Company Essay

… But along with the increase in customer service, logistical costs increase disproportionately.

Many companies use supply chain managements software and technology to optimize their inventories and manage their logistics operations. In addition, they find it beneficial to work closely with supply chain partners to find the best balance between inventory levels and customer service. This collaboration involves working together to reduce replenishment speed and efficiency. Collaboration also involves communication with suppliers, both internal and external to the company. It involves working with supply chain partners to help suppliers streamline their operations as well.

One aspect of communication involves measuring how well logistics operates, so a company must use metrics on supplier performance, customer service, and internal assets.

Logistics associated with inventory management means having a…. [read more]

Intermodal Transportation: Global vs. Domestic Supply Chains Case Study

… Global Supply Chains

Dewitt and Clinger (n.d.) express that supply chain management is more complex in the case of international trade, compared to domestic trade. This, according to Yevdokimov (n.d.) is particularly because of the differences that exist between the trade requirements and rules of different destination countries. Moreover, a number of export compliance regulations that are non-existent in the case of domestic trade have to be taken into account in the management of global supply chains. The key ones include FTR (Foreign Trade Regulations), EAR (Export Administration Regulations), and ITARs (International Traffic Arms Regulations). A 2009 report by Thomson Reuters indicates that violation of such export control regulations attracts heavy fines and penalties.

The FTR governs the procedures involved in the reporting of shipments.…. [read more]

Sugar Value Chain More Labels Research Paper

… These jobs allow quality of life for individuals and their families, and thus employment is one of the most fundametnal social consequences our institutions and political systems can generate for their constituents. Of course firms consume many inputs that are as diverse as the number of processes and companies in production.

A critical observer would not find much exaggeration in the claim that there is no culture, or in the developed world perhaps no individual household, that is not affected by the political economy of some 170 million metric tons of global refined sugar production, as the 1.8 trillion tonnes (thousand billions) of raw cane and beet crop makes its way through the global value chain to the final product on the grocery store shelf.…. [read more]

Five Forces and Value Chain Essay

… Competitive Position

At present, NxStage has a relatively weak competitive position. Too small and lacking in distinctiveness to challenge the major players in the institutional market, the company has pursued the home dialysis market, where it is virtually unchallenged. However, there are structural issues with respect to payers in particular that limit the growth potential of this market. Therefore, it is important for the company to find growth via other means if the size of its market is not going to grow much. With this difficult competitive position, NxStage either needs to expand the size of its own market, or begin to challenge the major players in their institutional market.

The optimal strategy is probably to take advantage of the changes in the regulator environment…. [read more]

Performance Measures in Supply Chain Strategy Essay

To this end, Quesada et al. (2012) studied the critical success factors (CSF) affecting the SCM performance measures in the USA and concluded that SCM performance positively affects business performance. In addition, Quesada et al., (2012) pointed out that the SC performance metrics used based on the SCOR model, while the financial metrics used based on the Economic Value Added (EVA) concept. The study concluded that there is a clear and direct link between how effectively SC activities executed and how well the business performs. Elgazzar et al., (2012) proposed a method that links SC processes' performance to organizational financial strategy, for that a supply chain financial link index (SCFLI) as a tool that illustrates to which extent selected SC performance…. [read more]

Innovative Supply Chain Management Practices Essay

… Chenowith et al. (2012) conducted a literature review and interviewed representatives of commercial firms with successful Supplier Relationship Management (SRM) programs and came to the conclusion that the best SRM practices include the following:

The total business management is done with each supplier by consolidating contracts and tying future businesses to performance.

Performance of the suppliers are measured and shaped by establishing a system to set targets, measure performance, rank suppliers and reward good performance.

Key suppliers are involved early in the design stage to take advantage of their design sensibilities and know-how about innovations and manufacturability of the product to reduce complexity.

Promote dialogue with suppliers by hosting high-level meetings that discuss mutual expectations and possible improvements. Additionally sharing of future plans and roadmaps…. [read more]

Supply Chain Management Why it S Important Essay

… ¶ … Function of a Supply Chain Strategy

Companies of all sizes and types rely of their supply chain in order to achieve and sustain a competitive advance. To determine the facts, this paper provides an explanation concerning what a supply chain is and a discussion about the importance of a company having a supply chain strategy. This review includes a discussion concerning four key drivers of any supply chain strategy and a discussion concerning why each is an important ingredient to a supply chain strategy. Finally, an assessment of a company that has used its supply chain as a competitive advantage and an explanation concerning how this was achieved is followed by a summary of the research and important findings in the conclusion.

Review…. [read more]

Organization This Course Provided Me Case Study

… This makes it possible for someone to understand why innovation is essential in supply chain organization -- one can never be 100% certain regarding the future of the company that he or she works in. As a consequence, the respective individual needs to be able to adapt to any situation and to have the ability to use a series of tools with the purpose of implementing innovations meant to improve the overall business.

On its route to the consumer a product is probable to go through numerous locations and to be stored in a series of warehouses that are usually likely to get smaller as the product advances. It is thus essential for warehouse managers to be able to organize their warehouse in ways that…. [read more]

Alcan's Continued Revenue Growth Capstone Project

… It is inferred in the case analysis that the level of reporting has continually been late or is not occurring at all as more countries become attuned to the need for sustainability and the impact of industries on their natural environments, Alcan will be forced to be more sensitive to these requirements of doing business. During the timeframe of the case analysis, the company is performing to a level that satisfied the nations they are operating in. In the future this will have to increase in terms of CSR initiatives and effort.

Technical Challenges

There are a myriad of technical challenges that Alcan is dealing with due to their lack of clear and consistent governance in the areas of IT management and governance. Foremost among…. [read more]

Analyzing Supply Chain Management Research Paper

… Supply Chain Management

SUBWAY is currently the biggest fast food chain in the world that sells (chiefly) submarine sandwiches, with over 44,000 outlets across the globe. The chain has grown into the top choice for individuals and families looking for a quick but nutritious meal. Right from its establishment, co-founder Fred maintained a well-defined vision for Subway's future. As the franchise continues to progress, members are driven by Fred's passion for ensuring customers are delighted by the firm's made-to-order, scrumptious sandwiches and salads (Subway, n.d.).

While the franchise doesn't publicize itself as one of the many emerging 'lean' corporations, its sandwich shops appear to be employing a few basic principles of lean organization. For instance, Subway sandwiches are made to buyer demand. Customers receive the…. [read more]

Process Improvement in Logistics Case Study

… The increased competitiveness is associated with increase in customer demands and governmental or environmental regulations. Therefore, there is need for reconstruction of companies in the current business world for future success and financial survival. The situations in this competitive business environment have contributed to the development of process improvement philosophies and methodologies (Rodrigues, Alexandrino, Carvalho, 2013, p.1). Process improvement is considered as an important tool for restructuring organizations to align with the competitiveness in the corporate world for future success and financial survival.

In logistics network, process improvement is vital because it helps in standardization of practices since it is a tool for ensuring best practices in an organization's entire processes. This concept is based on the principles of lean philosophy and management and helps…. [read more]

Importance of Affirmative Action Term Paper

… Validity of Data

America considers herself the land of the free, home of the brave, and while the second component to this maxim is rarely challenged, the first has come under fire throughout all of the nation's history, particularly in the last 40 years.

After all, America is a nation of stark contrasts: On one hand, it is truly the only nation in the world in which a minority can literally immigrate one day, and be well on the way to a successful career and job the next, without the shackles of prejudice and discrimination.

However, this experience is not shared by all immigrants, and it is certainly not shared by the largest indigenous minority in the United States: African-Americans. Together with Hispanic-Americans, African-Americans represent…. [read more]

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