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Systems Roelofs (N.D.) Defines an Open Essay

… Systems

Roelofs (n.d.) defines an open system as "any distinct entity that takes in resources from its environment, processes them in some way, and produces output." By this definition, both a symphony and a military unit are open systems. Both of these systems are living systems in that the way they process resources is in part defined by the resources and in part by the established processes of the system. Those processes, however, are subject to evolution over time as well, which is analogous to a living creature. Both the military unit and the symphony deal have such processes, and are defined in part by these processes.

For a system to be considered, military, for example, it should have the structure and objectives of other…. [read more]

System of Inquiry Essay


Police Ethics Codes and the Problem of "Professional Courtesy"

In contemporary American policing, every duly authorized federal, state, or local municipal police agency maintains an official code of professional conduct or "code of ethics" (Peak, 2002; Schmalleger, 2008). Generally, police codes of ethics outline the professional responsibility of professional police officers to adhere to high standards of personal and professional conduct in the performance of their official duties. Additionally, many police codes of ethics also apply to the private conduct of professional police officers in their private lives as well (Peak, 2002; Schmalleger, 2008).

Within contemporary American policing, there is a fundamental problem in connection with the existence of unofficial and unauthorized "codes" of "professional…. [read more]

Systems Thinking and Change Management Evaluation Term Paper

… Systems Thinking and Change Management Evaluation

The greatest challenge for the majority of it initiatives is to survive the change management process and emerge with sustainable and strong go-to-market strategies that support a company's core business. For Long Beach Mortgage the issues of change strike at the center of how their employees earn their living. Relying on accurate orders, pricing, and most importantly, the process of attracting and selling customers and earning their loyalty is the most important aspect of change. With so many positive aspects of changing how companies operate however, resistance is often very strong, costing literally millions of dollars to surmount.

Over and above the issues of change management is the issue of an organizations' culture. Schein (1992) defines culture as..."a basic…. [read more]

Systems the Concept of Freedom Underlies Term Paper

… ¶ … Systems

The concept of freedom underlies and motivates all ideologies, doctrines and dogmas of human progress and the objective of social organization and political institutions (Roy 1990). It dates back to man's struggle for existence and accounts for his triumph over nature and pursuits against natural phenomena and his physical and social environments. In the quest for freedom, man must not only attain economic sufficiency and personal security but also live or survive in a social and psychological milieu of external cultural regimentation. Since man remains the measure of the physical universe, any pattern of social organization or political institution should be suited to that condition, which provides him with the greatest measure of freedom or liberty. Freedom or liberty can only mean…. [read more]

Revolution Through the Lens Essay

… These were peasants from overcrowded an impoverished regions of Central Mexico who sought economic security in expanding labor market. (39-40)

The challenges that these Mexican migrant workers of the past faced are startlingly similar to those of today. This researchers belief is that a large part of that results from the industrialization of agriculture, seen all over the postcolonial world where the needs of many become dependent upon wage labor in agriculture and otherwise and separate the individual from their ability to directly provide food or labor for themselves. Some see industrialization and urbanization as progress while others are of the opinion that such "progress" is fundamentally limiting to the individual. Yet ultimately individuals living within a society that is dependent upon industrialization, urbanization, and…. [read more]

Learning Organization Analyze Concept Essay

… Trust is required for the model to work: management must convince employees that worker and managerial interests are aligned and that the rhetoric of teamwork does not hamper the positive benefits of individuality that employees can bring.

Implications for managing people

From the literature, three common building emerge: a learning organization is characterized by "supportive learning environment, concrete learning processes and practices, and leadership behavior that provides reinforcement" (Garvin, Edmonson & Gino 2008). Implied within the model are that people want to change, learn, grow and give back to the organization. The learning organization model is completely antithetical to the concept of scientific management, which believed that employees would behave inefficiently and try not to work without dictatorial oversight and had little insight to give…. [read more]

Supply Chain Management Systems Literature Review

… Supply chain management systems have become a common solution that firms are using to address a host of challenges. In order to determine the impact of different strategies there will be a focus on their long-term effects, potential weaknesses and how they can be addressed. These elements will provide specific insights that will help in analyzing the best approaches firms can use to enhance their procurement and logistics procedures.

Over the last several years, a variety of firms have been focusing on improving supply chain management. This is because these practices are shown to be an effective way for them to increase productivity and reduce costs. According to Singh (2011), this is becoming a vital area that is helping companies to address the needs of…. [read more]

Systems Analyst Engineer at the System Level Research Proposal

… ¶ … Systems Engineering Roles

Evaluating Systems and Subsystems Engineering Roles:

A Comparative Analysis

The intent of this analysis is to evaluate the roles of system engineers including systems analysts relative to subsystem engineers, who are often segmented by their area of expertise. The most common areas of expertise for subsystem engineers are hardware and software. In addition in electronics manufacturers it is common to find firmware or electronic subsystems engineers as well. Comparing the role of the systems engineer to that of the subsystem engineer starts with their approach to owning a specific series of processes and functional areas of the companies they work in. Systems engineers are often responsible for the entire life cycle planning of a given project, whether it is software…. [read more]

Concept of Self Research Paper

… ¶ … Self

The concept of self is one of the major themes of personality studies. Personality can be defined as the totality of the behavior and emotional characteristics of an individual. It covers an individual's moods, opinions, attitudes, motivations, opinions, and style of thinking, speaking, perceiving, and acting. It is these features that make people distinct and has been used to categorize individuals in different groups of personalities. Most cultures have varied theories in relation to personality most of which have been recorded through history. A number of theorists have emerged in this field of study examples being Ernst Kretschmer, Alfred Adler, Carl Jung, and Sigmund Freud, all of whom presented significant observations in the early years in the 20th century. Later own other…. [read more]

American Dream Is a Concept Case Study

… ¶ … American Dream is a concept that most contemporary people have aspired to at some point in their lives, expressing their desire to take advantage of a community promoting freedom and equality for all, regardless of their backgrounds. However, people sometimes have the tendency to ignore certain matters standing before them because of the fact that they are dazzled by promises giving them false hope. The three essays, "The Squatter and the Don," "Chinese Immigration" and "The Tortilla Curtain" are all related by the fact that they undergo the task of provinging how, in spite of the fact that it has always displayed an image supporting values such as liberty, the American government has often let down immigrants coming to the U.S. with great…. [read more]

Social Contract Theory: Bill of Rights and the Criminal Justice System Essay

… The individual would then shift the contractual rights they reserved under the State of Nature to the governing authority, and retain those rights that are considered natural and inalienable; that is, the right to liberty and estate, and the right to life (Elahi, 2014). Having been given the power to enforce these rights through the society-government contractual relationship, the ruling authority is bound to protect its citizens and punish law transgressors.

Locke's Principles and the Bill of Rights

As already mentioned, the right to liberty, property-ownership, and life are the fundamental natural rights. The U.S. Constitution Bill of Rights expands these into the Right to travel over public roadways, the right to keep/bear arms, the right to assemble peaceably, and the right to speech and…. [read more]

Brave New World 1984 Term Paper

… Freedom, Individuality, And Totalitarianism in Brave New World and 1984

The possibilities for the future are endless. When we look to the future, we like to do so with hope and promise but, if we are not careful, we can lose that hope. That loss can occur in many was and many authors enlighten us with their opinions on how to hang onto our hope, freedom, and our futures by showing us what will happen if we do not. Aldous Huxley's Brave New World and George Orwell's 1984 are novels that cast a light on the shadow of human frailty by insinuating that mankind is not strong enough to support or maintain the cost of individuality and freedom. While their ideas are possible, we must…. [read more]

Principles of Social Systems Thesis

… ¶ … Social Systems

This work will develop perspectives and comprehension and understanding of how changes in the family system interact among part of the social system and will analyze, synthesize and compare and contrast information from classical literature related to the family as a system. The work of Fontaine (2005) states that there is a "growing tend in psychological science to conceptualize individual development according to a 'systems perspective'. This perspective advocates analysis across qualitatively distinct levels of functioning that are interrelated within the system of interest (e.g., individual development)." (Fontaine, 2005)

Systems Theory

The work of Greene (1994) states that systems theory "is a way of thinking in an organized, integrated way about the interactions among systems members." Fontaine states that system levels…. [read more]

Information Systems and Digital Workplace Essay

… ¶ … Information Systems and Digital Workplace Technologies

The accelerating pace of technological innovation is rapidly reordering the context, corporate culture and approaches to collaboration within every enterprise today. The digitization of the workplace is happening so rapidly, even the most forward-thinking organizations are struggling to keep up. The primary catalyst of this rapid revolution in how context, corporate culture, and the nature of communication and collaboration are the expectations of talented and often highly educated professionals, and their mastery of entirely new ways of getting work done. The most forward-thinking organizations are planning for the digitization of the workplace to erase the constraints and limitations that held back their growth in the past. Breaking down organizational silos through the selective use of digitization technologies…. [read more]

China the Political System Research Proposal

… China

The Political System of China

The fundamental law in China is the Constitutional System (China Guide 2009). Its present Constitution was adopted by the Fifth National People's Congress on December 4, 1982. The National People's Congress or NPC is the highest state authority, China's fundamental political system. On the other hand, local authorities head local people's congresses. The people elect both state and local authorities. China's central administrative system consists of central administrative organs under the National People's Congress and central administrative organs controlling local administrative organs. The State Council of the People's Republic of China is the central administrative organ and the highest administrative organ of state. Meanwhile, the local administrative system sets up and controls administrative regional divisions and local administrative organs.…. [read more]

Computer Information Systems Sunlife of Canada Competes Term Paper

… Computer Information Systems

SunLife of Canada competes across a wide variety of very competitive services-based businesses and continues to expand into adjacent businesses that offer greater profitability. The continued deregulation of their industry is forcing the need for much higher levels of individual agent performance and profitability. As SunLife Canada believes that IT is a strategic weapon, the company has invested heavily into enterprise-wide sales productivity systems that could also be considered Customer Relationship Management (CRM) in functionality and scope (Bull, 2010). The pace of their innovation however lags their competitors and most critically, the level of user adoption and enthusiasm for the new systems is mediocre at best. Studies indicate that merely pushing sales representatives and professional through more training is no substitute for…. [read more]

Scope and Functioning of the Electoral System of South Africa Term Paper

… ¶ … Functioning of the Electoral System of South Africa

The history of South Africa represents one of the most troubled aspects of our contemporary world. It marks an aspect of the past which pointed out to the difficult situations a nation has gone through especially in its struggle to end an era of apartheid and start its road towards democracy. In general terms, it is often stated that the electoral system represents the voice of the nation, of the demos. This is why in every democratic system and in every emerging democracy the criteria for assessing the degree of democratic freedom is often the elections held in those countries.

The South African case is relevant for pointing out the fact that despite the attempt…. [read more]

Concept of Human Security Essay

… Human Security

Origin and Development of the Concept of Human Security

Dr. Mahbub ul Haq first introduced the concept as part of holistic paradigm of human development through his 1994 Human Development Report.

The Report was the first document to propose the concept and appropriate policy and action. Dr. ul Haq and many others discussed at a previous roundtable meeting on the "Economics of Peace" in Costa Rica in January that year the need of the post-Cold War for such a new concept in consideration of changed foreign policy objectives from an almost entirely military nature. They agreed that the focus should broaden into overall security of individuals from "social violence, economic distress and environmental degradation. That new and more relevant concept should address the…. [read more]

Fichte Separate Right From Morality Term Paper

… This is through examination of the unique roles of ethics and rights in controlling and determining interactions between individuals within the society. Ethics forms part of the first principle in relation to the illustration by Fichte as he seeks to build on the ground by Kant on the systems of ethics. Rights on the other hand focus on the second principle relating to the recognition of the rights of other individuals and institutions within the society. Ethics aims at promoting relationship among individuals within the society and aspect of self-awareness as a motive for the demonstration of morality. This differentiation is essential in limitation and enhancement of the freedom of the human beings within the society (Fichte 2007). This is through formulation of the laws…. [read more]

Balance in the Administration Essay

… d.). Balancing individual rights and freedom during maintenance of order and public safety has become an important task for the justice and security system. The need for the balance is particularly attributed to the increased awareness of these rights and freedoms as well as the shift from the widespread injustices that characterized the criminal justice system in the past. Individual rights and freedom is not longer regarded as a luxury that can be provided upon realization of security and prosperity but as an antecedent to the achievement of all these.

In attempts to strike the balance between individual rights and the needs of the justice system and security to maintain order and public safety, there are several major issues including the interference with individual rights…. [read more]

Managing Organizational Culture Dissertation

… ¶ … opportunity exists for the company to expand internationally by setting up operations in the emerging economies of China and India. The question to consider is how to build cultural harmony between the facilities operating in three different countries. The question of whether it would be better to establish a certain national organizational culture is likely would be considered in this report. cultures of the United Kingdom, India and China is presented. The organizational cultures prevalent in China and India are more collectivistic and marked by high power distance than the organizational cultures in the United Kingdom. There are other differences such as the importance of status in China and family tradition in India, whereas in the United Kingdom principles of utility and economic…. [read more]

No-Fault Compensation in UK Medical Malpractice Thesis

… 2 The survey tried to quantify the frequency and/or severity of adverse effects through a population sampling experienced as a result of their medical treatment. The respondent sample consisted of 3638 men and 4568 women, or a total population of 8,206.

395, or 4.8% (4.8 in every 100) patients felt that they had suffered some illness, injury or impairment, which directly resulted from their medical treatment or care. This figure is slightly higher than the estimates derived using the methodology from the Harvard Medical Malpractice Study, which estimated that 3.7 in every 100 patients suffered "adverse effect." The report noted that the proportion responding "positively declined with increasing age and was inversely associated with social grade." Further, the report stated, "there was…. [read more]

Ngos and Human Rights Essay

… For example, "L'Association Mauritanienne des Droits de l'Homme (AMDH)" in Mauritania, was mainly composed of high school and university students, teachers, and lawyers. The NGO focused its activities on three main areas of violations of human rights including mass killings of black soldiers, massive Mauritian repatriation from Senegal, and the deportation of members of press and soldiers to the desert (Appiagyei-Atua 2002). The NGO used press campaigns and provoked international communities to denounce the killings and pressure Mauritius government to create a commission of inquiry. The NGO is an example of African NGOs that promoted human rights concerns by undertaking fact-findings, investigation of violations of human rights.

The fight for human rights and freedoms in Africa has centered on gathering international support to pressure governments…. [read more]

George W. Bush Administration Policy on Syria Essay

… Syria

An Analysis of the U.S.-Syrian Conflict

This paper will analyze the G.W. Bush Administration's justification for conflict with Syria and show how the disparate reasons of internal organs within the White House and those offered to the public by way of the national press suggest that an ulterior motive much broader in scope and ideological in nature was (and is) actually the basis for justification. In doing so, this paper will utilize Conflict Theory to help bring into perspective the opposing rationales that are presented throughout the analysis.

The Bush Administration had very clear reasons for initiating conflict with Syria, outlined by such neo-conservative think tanks as the Project for the New American Century (PNAC) (members of which were highly placed in the Administration…. [read more]

Americanism and Multiculturalism Definition Research Paper

… The maximization of harmony and debate within the different cultures is also part of the re-Americanism being suggested. The failure of the U.S. students of appreciates other cultures such as Hispanics, African-Americans, and Cubans may have caused a widespread antagonism regarding baseline Americanism. Had the ideological foundations of Americanism been not misinterpreted, the conflict and divide between the two concepts, Americanism and multiculturalism would not have been such widespread and evident.

The societies may cling to the past and the glorious yesterday that they have experienced, yet the society is an evolutionary entity and has to incorporate the new ideas regarding culture, identity, and association as the time passes. Baseline Americanism also needs to incorporate the cultural and social equality of other sub-cultures and only…. [read more]

Nirvana Religious Doctrine Research Paper

… The path of Bodhisattva sees the practitioner as progressing along an upward-oriented path of ten stages. The first seven stages are subject to spiritual retrogression, while the last three are irreversible. The first seven stages represent the gradual elimination of the "hindrance of defilement," while the last three are the gradual elimination of the "hindrance of the knowable. The Vajrayana is also called the mantra path and is intended to quicken the progress to enlightenment by employing the three avenues of body, speech, and mind through the use of gesture, incantation, and intense concentration.

Salvation in Buddhism is an escape from the suffering of this world and is stated as the third of the Four Noble Truths: "This is the truth of the extinction of…. [read more]

Authoritarian Regimes Authoritarianism Essay

… Extended durations of crisis are most likely to produce dictatorship than are typical and steady times. Many constitutional governments offer emergency powers of the elected government, however set stringent limitations on powers and time to stay clear of dictatorship. However, totalitarians have actually arised from these constitutional plans, consisting of the dictatorships of Hitler in Germany, Benito Mussolini in Italy, Kemal Ataturk in Turkey, Jazef Pilsudski in Poland, and Antonio de Oliveira Salazar in Portugal (McFarland, 2005).

Throughout times of domestic or even foreign crisis, even majority of constitutional governments have actually given emergency powers on the president, and in some noteworthy cases, this offered the chance for properly elected leaders to bring down democracy and guideline dictatorially afterwards. In various other democracies, nevertheless, constitutional…. [read more]

Macroeconomics Summary in the Eighth Assessment

… Macroeconomics Summary

In the eighth edition of his seminal textbook Essentials of Economics, Bradley R. Schiller provides a comprehensible yet comprehensive review of the theoretical concepts which are central to microeconomics and macroeconomics, while also utilizing relatable real-world examples to reinforce main points. The first chapter of the book is entitled "The Challenge of Economics" and begins by describing the fundamental components of economic study, including the market system which is predicated on scarcity, resource allocation, and the law of supply and demand. According to Schiller's broadly constructed overview of macroeconomics in Chapter 1, "the central problem of scarcity forces every society to make difficult choices about the use of its scarce resources" (2010), and this dilemma specifically forces societies to answer three main questions…. [read more]

Realism and the End of the Cold War Seminar Paper

… Realism and the End of the Cold War

The field of international relations has always been dominated by one theory or another that tried to explain, through different mechanisms and concepts, the evolution of the international affairs.

Realism was one of the theories that tried to best characterize the period of the Cold War and especially the bipolar relation between the West and the East, which is between the United States and the Soviet Union. After the fall of the U.S.S.R. At the beginning of the 1990s, it was considered that the realist theory of international relations did not grasp sufficiently accurate the power relations between the two important players and was not able to predict the fall of communism and the end of the…. [read more]

Social Science 8382 Australia Essay

… This is due to the association of Australia with the Great Britain through the allegiance to the Royal Family since the time Australia was declared a democracy in 1901.

The governmental system of Australia is a fusion of the systems presently active in the United Kingdom and the United States of America. While there is the presence of the British system of 'parliament and monarch' since its adoption after becoming a democratic state, Australia also integrated in its own system the design of a federal form of government based on the American system, where powers have been divided between one central legislature and the six provincial legislatures (Evatt, 1943). With this blending of the most successful forms of government present, Australia's system includes the federal…. [read more]

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