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Applied Management and Decision Sciences Thesis

… ¶ … management and decision sciences from various theorists; and, analyzes the evolution of managerial decision making from scientific management to the complicated forecasting models used today. The objectives of the Breadth component were four-fold: (a) to examine the theories of applied management and decision sciences as interpreted by the research of Ducker (1974), Harrison (1975), and others as listed in the reference section; (b) to analyze the historic evolution of decision making from scientific management to modern applications of operations research; (c) to examine the decision making process, with a particular emphasis on the importance of values and management judgment; and (d) to describe, assess, and evaluate various decision evaluation tools including matrix analysis, influence diagrams, payoff matrices, sensitivity analysis, decision tree, probabilistic forecasting,…. [read more]

Systems Theory Discuss Relationship Essay

… By seeking to alter these systems (for example, urging the client to seek more support from friends and altering his or her routine as well as eating different foods), the nurse can help enact more proactive changes. Systems theory can be helpful to nurses in highlighting what different patient 'systems' must be changed to improve health in a holistic fashion, rather than focusing on individual systems or singular components of the illness.

Diffusion of innovation theory and the nursing process

According to Rogers' diffusion of innovation theory, there are "five categories of adopters of an innovation: innovators, early adopters, early majority, late majority, and laggards. Sometimes, a sixth group is added: non-adopters" (Kaminski 2011). I have seen this in my workplace on many occasions. When…. [read more]

Game Theory PhD Model Answer

… Switching is feckless and deserves punishment" (p. 66).


Is the reasoning linking application and theory sound? The authors of "Collaborating to Cheat: A Game Theoretic Exploration of Academic Dishonesty in Teams" provide sound reasoning in support of their game theoretic model of team cheating based on rational choice (Briggs, Workman & York, 2012). In this model, students elect the path that has payouts or benefits that correspond to normal university environments using an analysis of the probability that other team members will cheat (Briggs et al., 2012). In addition, Briggs and his associates (2012) demonstrate that rational choice explains how changes in the incentives to cheat can make the practice more attractive, but the degree of attractiveness depends on several factors, including:

1. The…. [read more]

Science, Society and Environment Application Essay

… If this natural system is exploited more than a certain level their survival will not be possible. This is where the people begin realizing the importance of other beings such as animals, plants etc. Deforestation not only is destroying the natural system around them but is also disturbing the benefits that they could attain from the nature before by affecting the natural resources such as water, negatively.

Deep Ecology

The age of confession -- this is when the people finally admit that nature is more robust than humans and that deforestation is a violent act to the nature which actually means that it is a violent act to humans themselves. Although the people haven't absorbed this philosophy completely as it also stresses upon the fact…. [read more]

Environmental Systems Capstone Project

… ¶ … environmental systems in the past five years. Summarize the techniques used, the assumptions and limitations faced, the potential for error and how it was minimized, and the lessons learned.

Scope/Direction of the Research

The scope of the study extended to a review of relevant studies published within the last 5 years to provide an overview and recapitulation of the techniques that have been used in recent years to study the development of environmental systems, the assumptions and limitations that have been encountered along the way, the potential for error and how it was minimized, and the lessons learned from these efforts. The development of environmental systems includes various geospatial technologies, alternative energy systems, and other technological solutions that are designed to interact with…. [read more]

Kolcaba's Comfort Theory Utilized in Med Surge Dialysis Application Essay

… Medical Theory

Ever since the last century, nursing has becoming a professional discipline and just like every other discipline, it requires some theories to guide it. It has been seen that the nursing theory is split along three levels. One level is grand, then middle-range and then there is the situation specific level. (Meleis, 2012 p 33) As it would be expected, the grand theory is quite broad and takes into context very generalized views. Our basic concern is the middle range theory that is more focused these days. These theories are basically an end product of a research study. The narrow range study is even more selective and is solely based on research findings. (McKenna, 1997 p 17)

Just like any other discipline, theories…. [read more]

Theories Essay

… ¶ … theories is probably the main and most important thing when it comes to the creation of a business research project that is to be successful. This is due to the fact that it pushes the author towards taking stock of other knowledge which has been produced previously and is also assists authors to make identification of gaps, strengths, deliver constructs which are clear and at the same time ensure that there is the channeling of theoretical developments that will lead to the production of new knowledge which is valuable within the field. They also help in providing a comprehensive and complex conceptual understanding of certain things which can not be pinned down .theories therefore give a new lens to researchers through which…. [read more]

Nursing and Education Theory Thesis


This work intends to examine the 'Transformation Theory' of Jack Mezirow, Margaret Newman's 'Health as Expanded Consciousness' and Patricia Benner's 'Novice to Expert' Theory all of which are applied to senior nursing students & new graduate nurses as they make the transformation to registered nurses. Specifically, this work will:

Describe the main ideas of each theory;

Critique each theory using a specific evaluation rubric;

Answer as to what extent the theory's assumptions are congruent with the values of the vulnerable population (new graduates nurses in their first year of practice) and to what extent has support for the theory been generated with culturally diverse and vulnerable populations in general;

Identify concepts to be included when studying senior nursing student and new…. [read more]

Watson's Caring Theory of Nursing Term Paper

… Watson Theory of Nursing

Background and Fundamental Concepts of Watson's Caring Theory of Nursing

Jean Watson conceptualized and operationalized a notion that had always been fundamentally important as a defining purpose within the nursing field: caring. Generally, empathy and genuine concern for the welfare and health of others has always been a common motivating force of nurses. Watson introduced her Carative Theory of Nursing and outlined a framework of carative factors and fundamental assumptions to allow nurses to apply specific facets of caring to the nursing services that they deliver to patients.

In Watson's view, nursing has existed as long as human societies and involves the sharing of caring practices within the social environment and as part of human cultural adaptations necessary to survive in…. [read more]

Theory -- Horotwitz and Bartholomew Attachment Chapter

… ¶ … Theory -- Horotwitz & Bartholomew

Attachment Theory and Grief

Understanding attachment theory as applied in the study of grief and bereavement in adults require a thorough reading of one of the theory's pioneers, John Bowlby. Traditional and modern theories and discussions on attachment theory and its relationship to bereavement are rooted on Bowlby's explication of the nature and dynamics of attachment among humans. Inevitably, because attachment theory explains the development of human attachments and the significance of the relationship not only among infants and mothers, but also among siblings, parents and their children (among many other relationships), it also provides an adequate description of what happens when this attachment is severed with the loss of a loved one or significant individual in a…. [read more]

Information Systems Have Changed Essay

… Bureaucratic theory of Max Weber

Some salient characteristics of the bureaucratic theory of Max Weber are presented below. Each feature is explained in context to outdated as well as modern features of managerial systems they were intended to do well.

Fixed division of labor

The jurisdictional areas with particular obligations and rights are stated and cannot be changed at the urge of any leader. As far as division of labor and its duties are concerned, they can be changed anytime by the leaders will ( Warick, et al., 1975). This change by the leader cannot be challenged by anyone. It basically suppresses the concept of labor unions.

Hierarchy of offices

According to this rule, each post was controlled and monitored by a high rank official…. [read more]

Systems Theory as Applied to Science Research Paper

… Systems

There are a lot of similarities between scientific systems and technological ones, and this is born of necessity. While scientists have tended to specialize, nothing in the world is fully isolated from the rest of existence. This has brought about greater recognition of areas of convergence, and people who have begun to specialize in cross-disciplinary studies and understanding how different scientific concepts are interrelated. This resembles technological systems, which are built to be independent, yet with the advent of the internet have become much more linked with each other, creating a higher degree of interdependence among such technological systems. The way that these interdependencies have evolved is parallel, if science lags slightly these same developments in technology.

The Nature of Technological Systems

To understand…. [read more]

Theory Application: John Dewey Nursing Term Paper

… Theory Application: John Dewey

Nursing: Application of the Educational Theorist John Dewey

Classroom Theory Applied: A Scenario

Nursing: Application of the Educational Theorist John Dewey

Classroom Theory Applied: A Scenario

John Dewey - Educational Theorist

Understanding 'Inquiry-Based' Learning

Inquiry-Based Learning: Applied Learning


The Persimmon Tree

The Boy Scouts & Self-Governance

What Might be Suggested by John Dewey

Nursing: Application of the Educational Theorist John Dewey

Classroom Theory Applied: A Scenario

The purpose of this work in writing is to, through use of a scenario; identify any antecedent events and critical indicators of the scenario that made it a challenging situation. Indicators are inclusive of the student's development, educational, socioeconomic, or cultural status or any personal or family factors that influenced the situation. The theory…. [read more]


… It is evident, from the discussion above, that Aristotle believes that something has to be brought into existence by another thing that is already in existence. To this end, Aristotle holds that "the occurrence of change presupposes a previous process of change," and for this reason, the universe must have been brought to existence by the action of an already-existent unmoved mover (Bodnar). The universe's constant motion or change is responsible for the changes observed in the features contained in it. The features of the universe are, therefore, dependent on "the eternal revolution of the heavenly spheres, which in turn is dependent on one or several unmoved movers" (Bodnar). To this end, the universe's features, including the moon, the planets, the sun, the stars, water,…. [read more]

Science and Technology Case Study

… However, the three disciplines differ in various aspects.

There are some that describe the world using information, logic and tests (the way the world is), and there are others that use sentiments and faith (the way people view the world). People have different opinions based on the significance of each discipline. During the industrial revolution, that is, in the early 19th century, arts proved impossible without institutions, cultural practices, politics and reasoning. Therefore, the three disciplines support each other in various angles. Science, politics, art, or religion may seem different in various aspects; however, their great similarity is that each of the discipline forms the basis of man's efforts to seek the truth.

2. Technological Revolutions

a) Do you agree with the assertion that we…. [read more]

Ethical Theory and Moral Practice Thesis

… Their work shouldn't be interpreted as a move to jettison the pursuit of objectivity, however. Rather, it is an effort to identify how "to triangulate across multiple fallible perspectives" (Trocham, 2006) in order to achieve objectivity. According to Trocham (2006), objectivity can be obtained through the efforts of many individuals -- through the conscientious critique of science by truth-seekers in their respective fields -- and not by any one individual. Trocham reminds the reader that "[w]e never achieve objectivity perfectly, but we can approach it" (2006).

Empiricism -- as a methodological assumption of the epistemological paradigm -- is a limited means of acquiring truth and knowledge. Therefore, an exploratory review of literature is an apt choice. Gastmans (1998) and Beauchamp (2007) reveal ethical theory and…. [read more]

Nursing Theory Analysis Essay

… Transactions have occurred when goals are attained" (King, 1992, p.23). The nursing practice occurs in a sequence where nurse-patient interpersonal relationships or dyads happen. While transactions continued between patients, nurses and family, it can be predicted whether the goal will be met or not or to what extent (King, 1997).

Thus goal attainment presented by King is described as a process of reaction-interaction-transaction, where the perceptions, interactions and communication between nurse and patient are the major factor that play key role in this process. The TGA denotes that patient's have different view points and opinions as compared to nurses besides the fact that they continuously interact with each other. In her theory, King emphasized that nursing professionals access data about patients' perceptions so as to…. [read more]

Nursing Across Theories Essay

… Nursing plays a vital role in contemporary theories. The objectives of nursing in the theories are to assist the patient to achieve as much independence as possible to promote better health outcomes when the patient is living at home. Nursing is applied differently from one theory to another in the focus of the theory. Where one theory focuses on caring, one focuses on independence, and still, one focuses on self-care. In all the theories careful evaluation is needed to determine what the patient needs and any deficits that need to be addressed. After evaluation, the nurse can provide guidance, support, and teaching to assist the patient to develop their own self-care agency. Continued evaluation is important to determine changes as they arise and offer teaching…. [read more]

Watson's Theory of Nursing Florence Term Paper

… The major strength, and appeal, of Watson's theory is its emphasis upon a universal philosophy of caring, rather than a situational specific theory. This allows the model to be applied in any, indeed in all, areas of nursing practice. In recent years, the desire of the medical and nursing professions to develop an increasingly holistic approach towards health care has led to the growing application of Watson's theory of caring. The present popularity of the 'science of caring' has caused nursing scholars, such as Marriner & Tomey, to observe that, "nursing journals concerned with the delivery of nursing care contain increasing numbers of articles that reference Watson, and incorporate the importance of caring as an essential domain of nursing" (1994, p 156). The theory has…. [read more]

Mamdani Rule-Based System Defuzzification Genetic Methodology Chapter

… Mamdani Rule-Based System


Genetic Algorithms

Genetic Encoding and Chromosomes

Fitness Calculation




Stopping Criteria

Artificial Neural Network

Perceptron Neurons

Sigmoid Neurons

Multi-Layers Network

Back Propagation Learning

This chapter discusses in detail the various approaches used to collect analyze and interpret data. It elaborates various important variables in relation to research methodology and approach. The various variables discussed under this section of the research include, fuzzy inference system, fuzzy set, fuzzy logic, fuzzification, Mamdani rule-based system, defuzzification, genetic algorithm, genetic encoding and chromosomes, fitness calculation, selection, mutation, crossover, stopping criteria, artificial neural network, perceptron neurons, sigmoid neurons, multi-layers network and back-propagation learning.

Fuzzy Inference System

Fuzzy inference or reasoning system is a process through which an individual maps out an output from a…. [read more]

Applying Watson's Nursing Theory Essay

… Nursing is a divine profession, taking care of each other irrespective of backgrounds and looking after the needs of several pateints is nothing but an impression of morality and dignity. Nurses are the partners of patients in their bad times and hence, they must imply those techniques by which the pateint gets motivated towards restoring health. Nursing promotes inter-personal learning which could be beneficial in order to serve the pateints best. The only minor contrast between Handerson and Watson is that the former described nurse as a helper while the latter desrcribed nurse as a partner to the patient. Overall, the three articles describe different sides of the same mirror.

The three theories have a wide scope in the nursing practice and are widely accepted…. [read more]

Adoption of New Technology Systems Essay

… Adoption Of New Technology Systems

In planning for the implementation of an Electronic Health Records (EHR) system, it is critically important to have a solid change management strategy in place well before the technology is introduced. In preparing for a meeting with the nurses one week prior to the training, the following framework has been created to guide the change management strategies for this healthcare facility.

Creating a Change Management Foundation of Trust

One of the most prevalent factors that leads to resistance to change is lack of trust. The five foundational elements of relative advantage, compatibility with existing values and practices, simplicity, trialability and observable results all must be based on a solid foundation of mutual respect and trust (Rogers, 2003). To attain this…. [read more]

Theories Currently Being Term Paper

… Using Piaget's theory, it is the role of the nurse to help the patient assimilate information about their condition, and about their surroundings. Additionally, the nurse may need to recognize patients who need encouragement to become active participants in their own assimilation of information. One the other hand, nurses also must play the role of the healer, combining the 10 carative processes with the creation of a transpersonal relationship with the patient to create a relationship in which the nurse helps the patient heal from the inside. Using the Watson theory, they must be able to develop a caring, nurturing, encouraging and authentic relationship with their patients that helps the patients to seek spiritual, emotional, physical, and psychological healing. By combining these and other nursing…. [read more]

Open Systems Theory the Model Term Paper

… A few of previously discussed models, lacked in explicit consideration of the mentioned assumed inherited characteristics, though there was implicit adherence.

The outputs generated from components of organizational behavior are in the form of tangible products, intangible services, employees' effectives and organizational performance. These outputs are generated through organizational systems which are based on certain organizational arrangements (both formal and informal), task structures and efforts of employees.

McKinsey 7S Framework

McKinsey 7S Framework was developed by the consultants working in a firm known as McKinsey and Company. The firm dealt in applied research of industrial practices and business related matters (Pascale & Athos, 1981; Peters & Waterman, 1982). The model was named after the model of the consulting firm. It had worked out seven variables…. [read more]

Theories Core Concepts Essay

… These provide self-confidence in obese patients and they are able to lose weight easily. According to Lannon (2007) the inclusion of family and patients in decision making often results in increased self-esteem and self-confidence. As per the model of Pender, this framework helps in identifying the internal weaknesses and strengths of patients so as to provide them with the plans which bests fit them. The specific obesity fighting plan should be made to meet the specific needs of the patients. This will result in a definite weight loss of the obese patient.


The problem of obesity is international and is spreading worldwide. Each year, there is a significant increase in the number of adult obese patients. United States is one of the major affected…. [read more]

Social Concerns Theory Article Critique

… One conceptual framework produced by Yoshikawa, Aber and Beardslee (2012) examines four aspects of poverty and how these relate to the family and the children present in this arrangement. These factors are the main subjects or selection factors, the multidimensional nature of poverty, the mechanisms through which poverty affects children on an individual, relational and institutional level, and the multidimensionality of children's outcomes (Yoshikawa, Aber, & Beardslee, 2012). Of all the types of interventions studied, what showed to be the most effective was grounded on strategies formed by various economist and policy experts and were simply focused on reducing poverty as a solution. Based on multiple research findings, the authors are able to provide evidence that a causal effect between poverty and the negative impact…. [read more]

Person Theories, Advantages Disadvantages Current Essay

… Such goals "refer to future valued outcomes" (Locke and Latham, 2006, p. 265) and can provide a tangible, quantifiable means by which employees can remain motivated to do more than simply perform their jobs, but to actually perform them well. Additionally, the usage of rewards can help employees to actually take pride in their work and to attempt to distinguish themselves from one another within the organization.


The primary motivation theory that I advocate which would work well in accordance with a system of rewards is the Theory "Y" or the Person as a Scientist Theory. This theory contends that people naturally are curious and excited about their work, and work best when they are able to fulfill this particular propensity of theirs.…. [read more]

Connecting Theory and Meaning Research Paper

… The theory enables students to develop the feeling of informed, competency with the capability of making constructive decisions having relevant impacts on education lives. The connecting theory holds a transformative power with the provision of hope at differing time intervals following unclear education future for the disabled. It also provides the significant opportunity for the imagination of the education system with fairness, equality and just for learning (Kent & Simpson, 2010).

Meaning of disability studies in schools

The disability studies involve the collaborative aspect of understanding respective subject matters relating to the education social phenomena related to disability. The disability studies enable the understanding and definition of positions associated with the foundations of disability awareness in relation to cross-disciplinary perspectives on the case of disability.…. [read more]

Supply Chain Management Systems Literature Review

… Supply chain management systems have become a common solution that firms are using to address a host of challenges. In order to determine the impact of different strategies there will be a focus on their long-term effects, potential weaknesses and how they can be addressed. These elements will provide specific insights that will help in analyzing the best approaches firms can use to enhance their procurement and logistics procedures.

Over the last several years, a variety of firms have been focusing on improving supply chain management. This is because these practices are shown to be an effective way for them to increase productivity and reduce costs. According to Singh (2011), this is becoming a vital area that is helping companies to address the needs of…. [read more]

Nursing Grand Theory Research Paper

… She stated that it is not merely the periods of health or illness. She defined the role of nurses as to guide individuals and their families into uncovering meaning and planning for changes in the health using their own personal definitions of health Melnechenko, 1995()

Martha Roger's Science of Unitary Human Beings

Marta Roger's theory provides a wide body of knowledge about the field of nursing. It provides the way to view the unitary nature of human being. Human beings are viewed as integral with the universe meaning that the unitary human being and the environment in which they live are one and not dichotomous. Her theory states that nursing focuses on people and that the manifestations that emerge from the mutual environment and unitary…. [read more]

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