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Anorexia Nervosa Is an Eating Term Paper

… The disorder leads to severe cases of malnutrition among the adolescents who do not seek immediate treatment. The disorder affects both sexes, race and ages though, it affects mostly the females, beauty models and who wants to lose weight and maintain a "desirable" body size and shape and it mostly affects the Caucasian and African-American races. The treatment of the Anorexia nervosa experiences some limitations such as the adolescent failing to undertake fully treatment process or relapse to the illness conditions once they are out of the care of the clinicians. Anorexia nervosa treatment has some gaps that need to be researched for the disorder to be fully contained. These gaps are such as innovating snacks that will be the best option for the adolescent…. [read more]


Teen Anorexia Nervosa Research Paper

… Anorexia Nervosa

Teen Anorexia Nervosa

One of the main eating disorder which has gained most attention in these days is Anorexia Nervosa. An irrational fear of weight gain and restriction of food are the main characteristics of this disorder. The patients suffering from the disorder are also characterized by a disturbed self-perception of one's body image. The development of the condition takes place in teen age and adulthood. The amount of food being consumed by the patients is highly restricted based on a great fear of weight loss. A number of hormonal as well as metabolic disorders are seen in the patients with this disorder. More than 8 million Americans suffer from anorexia. Ten times more females suffer from anorexia as compared to males. More…. [read more]


Teen Girls and Media Term Paper

… For example, Adeline, an Asian teen, believes that the most beautiful girls have blond hair and blue eyes. She thus feels self-conscious about her shorter height, expressing a desire to be "tall and perfect" (Walker). Because many of these supposedly ideal standards could not be achieved through diet or exercise, an increasing number of teens are opting for plastic surgery procedures like liposuction and breast implants. Many health experts warn that these procedures may have deleterious effects on bodies that are still developing (Gerhart).

In addition to health concerns, many of these teen magazines and programs also affect the behavior and attitudes of teenage girls. A third of teenagers said that they learn about sexual behavior through the media ("TV, Magazines are Teen's Manual for…. [read more]


Anorexia Nervosa Term Paper

… It was clear from environmental influences (e.g., peers family and media) that obesity was not acceptable. I heard enough derogatory "fat" comments and witnessed enough pointed fingers while growing up to know that I didn't ever want to be shunned and ridiculed like that. Therefore, I came to the conclusion that to be beautiful and popular, you needed to be thin." It is indeed a very serious matter especially for teenagers to have to face such emotional difficulties as Christy states-"As a teenager, I wanted to avoid feeling self-hatred and disgust. I grew tired of looking at myself and being repulsed by what I saw in the mirror, so I starved myself in an attempt to drop pounds and pick up friends. I convinced myself…. [read more]


Anorexia Nervosa Parkinson's Disease All People Contract Essay

… Anorexia Nervosa

Parkinson's Disease

All people contract a disease sooner or later, and their well-being depends on the severity in form of the respective malady. There are numerous diseases known to mankind and some of them go back to the early ages where people had been aware that maladies exist and that they need to be treated some way or another. Parkinson's disease has been known of ever since medieval times, but it had officially been admitted in 1817 when James Parkinson wrote about it in his writing "An Essay on the Shaking Palsy."

Doctor James Parkinson used to call the disease "the shaking palsy." Because of the fact that the doctor had dedicated much of his time to discovering symptoms of the disease, people…. [read more]


Family Therapy and Anorexia Research Paper

… " As this study points out in its discussion, their follow-up is in line with other similar studies conducted and their follow-ups as well, when using family therapy, and shows positively that family therapy has a significant recovery rate over traditional therapy.

Since family therapy has been seeing positive outcomes in the small amount of research that has been conducted, Lock and Le Grange (2001), wrote an article about manualizing the family treatment that has been studied and used with most of the research (Phases I, II, & III), and conducting an experimental study using their manualized version of the Maudsley Model. As stated by Lock and Le Grange (2001), there are fewer than "nine randomized clinical treatment trails published [to date]" and less than…. [read more]


Graduate Certificate Nursing Education Learning Essay

… For this purposes, researches involving adult learning theories were studied. It was established that Typical adult learning theories encompass the basic concepts of behavioral change and experience. From there, complexities begin to diverge specific theories and concepts in an eclectic barrage of inferences. Furthermore, there are "four invariant stages of cognitive development that are age related" (Merriam & Caffarella, 1999, p. 139). According to the authors, Piaget contends that normal children will reach the final stage of development, which is the stage of formal operations, between the age of twelve and fifteen. According to a literature review by Owen (2002), humanism, personal responsibility orientation, behaviorism, neobehaviorism, critical perspectives, and constructivism are all important facets of, and perspectives on, adult learning theory. The most common treatments…. [read more]


Anorexia Nervosa Why it Is Harmful Term Paper

… ¶ … Anorexia nervosa [...] why it is harmful to be anorexic and what the outcome on health and well being can be if a person is anorexic. Anorexia is a perplexing disease that can destroy the lives of people who suffer from it - physically, mentally, and emotionally. Many famous personalities have suffered from anorexia, including singer Karen Carpenter who died as a result of complications from the disease, and more recently, teen star Mary-Kate Olsen. As anorexia makes news, more young people become familiar with the disease and how it can permanently affect the body, the mind, and the emotions.

What is anorexia nervosa? Anorexia is a chronic disease that affects a variety of people. Most people believe that is only affects young…. [read more]


Adolescent Anorexia Essay

… Adolescent Anorexia

Anorexia Nervosa is a psychological eating disorder that is characterized by a distorted body image and obsessive fear of gaining weight -- resulting in starving oneself or eating and then regurgitating food. The condition typically affects younger women, between 15 and 19 years old. Most anorexia sufferers are female, and the majority of cases go either undiagnosed or untreated until other medical issues intervene. In contemporary culture:

Over ae of adolescent girls feel negatively about their body

Almost 1/2 teenage girls know someone with an eating disorder

Almost 60% of girls want to lose weight

Girls are three times more likely to think they are too heavy

percent of young women worry "a lot" about how they look (Croll 536-7).

Anorexia sufferers typically…. [read more]


Clinical Psychology / Bulimia Nervosa Term Paper

… In the opinion of Hoshmand and Polinghorne in the year 1992, professional education must always be based on the development of a reflective judgment on the part of the student, who would then be able to effectively control the various existing biases that generally hamper or hinder their full comprehension of the issue, and also lessen their effectiveness as a clinical practitioner when the time came for them to begin their practice as a clinical psychologist. (Practitioner-Scholar Model: The Counseling Centre for Human Development, practitioner-scholar Model)

3. Influence of psychoanalysis

Psychoanalysis can be defined as the virtual family of psychological theories and methods that fall within the field of psychotherapy that has as its basic aim the clarification and the elucidation of the various connections…. [read more]


Treating Eating Disorders in Adolescents Essay

… In some cases, clinicians must employ directive approaches to overcome problems of self-care issues involving food and eating as well as other issues such as noncompliance with treatment regimens or poor hygiene (Lock & Fitzpatrick, 2009).

In some cases, inpatient treatment may be necessary for adolescents suffering from eating disorders. According to Enos (2013), "On an inpatient unit, youths are medically supervised and receive a broad-based menu of services that include cognitive-behavioral therapy, nutritional guidance, experiential therapies and family education" (p. 40). There remains a paucity of studies concerning the efficacy of these approaches, though, but the research to date indicates that cognitive-behavioral therapy is the optimal intervention for treating bulimia nervosa (Lock & Fitzpatrick, 2009). The limited about of research in this area also…. [read more]


Causes of Anorexia Nervosa by Simply Term Paper

… THE CAUSES OF ANOREXIA NERVOSA

By simply glancing through almost any current magazine or newspaper,
one can find articles on one of the most prevalent disorders in today's
modern society, namely, anorexia nervosa, a well-known eating disorder
which is primarily seen in teenage girls and women under the age of twenty-
five. Anorexia nervosa is usually linked to some kind of emotional stress
or personal conflict, such as anxiety, irritation, anger and fear, all of
which "may accompany a major change in a person's life related to family,
career and one's role in society" (Glanze, 1990, 69).
According to Barbara Wolfe, exactly what causes anorexia nervosa is
not presently known, yet it is clear that the disorder is closely related
to genetics, the environment and…. [read more]


Adolescent Growth and Development Term Paper

… Adolescent Growth and Development

Huebner, Angela. (2000, Mar). Adolescent Growth and Development. 350-850.

Angela Huebner's article "Adolescent Growth and Development" provides a basic overview of the physical and psychological challenges presented by puberty for the adolescent and for individuals in charge of teaching and mentoring the adolescent, like teachers and parents. Huebner provides important reminders that some of the frustrating aspects of adolescence (from the point-of-view of an adult) like an increased demand for sleep, clumsiness, and moodiness have their roots in physical causes, and are normal, not the result of laziness or deliberate defiance on the part of the teen. However, the author does also warn of abnormal development that can occur as the result of the inner turmoil caused by adolescent biological changes,…. [read more]


Teenage Girls With Eating Disorders Research Proposal

… ¶ … relationship of eating disorders, self-esteem and depression amongst adolescents and teenagers. Both self-esteem and depression and their connection to eating disorder will be thoroughly studied. The aim of this paper is to highlight the major causes of self-esteem and depression on eating disorders in order to assist interventionists in formulating a more profound theory and strategy to tackle this growing social dilemma in the future. The paper will present a sound literature review on the connections between eating disorders, self-esteem and depression that have already been established. The methodology will present the steps that this study will take to formulate its own theories and will use the interview process to attain qualitative data from doctors who treat eating disorders and the patients who…. [read more]


Eating Disorders Term Paper

… In all cases of eating disorders, the behavior masks emotional and psychological distress. Teenage girls who develop eating disorders are more likely to have low self-esteem and a negative self-image; they are also more likely to be depressed ("Certain Behaviors Can Predict Binge-Eating Disorders in Teenage Girls").

There is an obvious correlation between distorted self-image among teenage girls and the development of eating disorders. There is also a clear connection between the media and teenage eating disorders because young girls are highly impressive and "less skeptical of advertisements," (Van Norstrand). Astonishingly, anorexia nervosa is being touted as a "lifestyle choice" by distorted young women. Websites created by girls aged 20 and younger offer tips and advice for how to become a "better anorexic," (Atkins). This…. [read more]


Eating Disorders and Gender Research Paper

… People who suffer from low self-esteem, depression, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, perfectionism, or who has a troubled or difficult emotional relationship have an increased likelihood of becoming anorexic or bulimic. However, more than either of the other two forms sociology and the pressures of society have more impact on a young woman than anything else. Eating disorders are generated by an incorrect psychological perception of the self. A press release from the May Clinic stated:

The modern Western cultural environment often cultivates and reinforces a desire for thinness. Success and worth are often equated with being thin in popular culture. Peer pressure and what people see in the media may fuel this desire to be thin, particularly among young girls (Staff).

In the modern period, the…. [read more]


Participant's Experience: A Qualitative Research Research Paper

… 2). The form and body image signs and symptoms of anorexia nervosa comprise weight loss that is unquestionably dramatic (no medical reason), feeling fat, in spite of being underweight, fixation on body image, severely dangerous of appearance, and refute the fact of them being way too thin (Healthguide, 2001-2010, sec. 2).

What are the causes of anorexia nervosa?

Social pressures are what is said to play the dominant force for the reason of anorexia nervosa. A lot of the cultural standards of feminine beauty over the years as mentioned above have gone through the changes and the media has endorsed extremely slim models and celebrities. If a young person were to turn on their television and look at the shows or videos on MTV or…. [read more]


Nursing Aspects of Working in an Outpatient Term Paper

… ¶ … nursing aspects of working in an outpatient capacity with young patients suffering from various levels of OCD. While the advent of new drugs has made a significant difference in the outcomes for some patients, existing and new forms of 'talk therapy,' in conjunction with drugs, have proven efficacious for most patients. It appears from a review of the literature that the more complex the OCD behaviors, the more likely that talk therapy is needed in order to supplement drug treatment.

This paper will analyze the literature on OCD treatment from a number of perspectives. There is a wide range of OCD-related mental illness, from the relatively benign, such as fear of flying, to life-threatening, such as anorexia. The common themes are that short-…. [read more]


Eating Disorders in the Male Term Paper

… Why people choose a type of disorder is one of the areas that has not been studied, so more analysis into why people choose what they choose should be established, as well.

It is important to note that these eating disorders can lead to a host of other problems. Another writer says, "Eating disorders for gay men often are accompanied by depression, isolation, or substance abuse. The diseases do not go away on their own, and they tend to get worse the longer they last" (Nguyen, 2006, p. 24). Eating disorders result from poor body image and poor self-esteem, but there are usually other underlying issues, as there are with depression and substance abuse, that need to be dealt with.

Eating disorders can also lead…. [read more]


Eating Disorders Understanding the Reason Research Paper

… Some of those being a step parent joining the family, or the addition of a new member such as a sibling into the family (LeGrange, Lock, and Loeb, 2009).

Retrospective

In this retrospective example one group of women a year prior to episodes of bulimia were reviewed by gaining insight of the types of comments often made to them during this time. The comments were primarily about weight, criticism of the body shape and the parents having higher expectations for the patient. With the onset of bulimia, these criticisms intensified magnifying the case. These studies were compared to a normal control group who was not criticized about their weight, body shape, given little affection, parenting that includes separation or micromanaging behaviors. The result being that…. [read more]


Eating Disorder Is Characterized Research Paper

… The client comes into the counseling system either by voluntarily enrolling themselves in counseling, through a friend or family referral or expert advice at a health facility. For typical patients, there may be a history of visiting other systems of care since it is likely that the patient will seek other forms of medical treatment before visiting a counselor.

Role of social worker

As a social worker, the role played will be in the long-term care segment of continuum of care since treatment of the eating disorder falls under rehabilitative care. This is because CBT aims at reforming the individual's cognitive and behavioral issues in order to achieve the goals of treatment.

The social worker is quite different from other practitioners since the social worker…. [read more]


Adolescent Sexuality Thesis

… Adolescent Sexuality

Adolescence is a time of change, physically, emotionally and mentally for young people. They are making a transition from their role of child, to their role of young adolescence when they will be empowered with more freedom and decision making in their lives. The stages of adolescence can be viewed in three stages: early adolescence, between the ages of 8 and 13 for girls; 11 to 15 for boys. The second stage, middle adolescence, occurs between the ages of 13 to 16 for girls; 14 to 17 for boys; and the third stage, late adolescence, between the ages of 16 and up for girls, and 17 and up for boys (Brown, Jane D., Steele, Jeanne R., and Walsh-Childers, Kim, 2002, p. 2). These…. [read more]


Disordered Eating in College Students: The Roles Term Paper

… Disordered Eating in College Students: The Roles of Attachment to Fathers, Depression and Self-Esteem

The objective of this work is to write a research proposal investigating the attachment process in eating disorders, particularly among college women. This work intends to examine the number of college women with subclinical eating disorders in contrast to those with full-blown eating disorders. This work will include background information on attachment theory and processes in general and in eating disorders. This work will focus on the father-daughter attachment processes and the roles of depression and self-esteem.

Eating disorders among college students have been noted to be more prevalent than ever in today's colleges. Eating disorders include those of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and other various eating disorders. The research of…. [read more]


Orthorexia -- Another Sign of America's National Research Proposal

… ¶ … Orthorexia -- another sign of America's national eating disorder

Too much of anything is no good,' is a familiar phrase often applied to overeating, meaning that just because something is good does not mean that over-indulgence is pleasurable or beneficial to human health. However, according to some psychologists, even too much of 'healthy eating' or a preoccupation with 'eating healthy' can also be 'no good.' According to Abby Ellin in "What's eating our kids," a February 26, 2009 article published in The New York Times, doctors and therapists find themselves increasingly worried about overly health-conscious children. One doctor recalled the example of an eight-year-old worried about sodium, getting enough vitamins -- and getting fat. But unlike the parents of patients with eating preoccupations…. [read more]


Deliberate Self-Harm (Dsh) or Self-Injurious Term Paper

… Types of Self-harm

Favazza (Favazza, 1989; Pies and Popli, 1995)

Favazza (Favazza, 1996) further breaks down superficial/moderate self-injury into three types: compulsive, episodic, and repetitive. Compulsive self-injury comprises hair-pulling (trichotillomania), skin picking, and excoriation when it is done to remove perceived faults or blemishes in the skin. Both episodic and repetitive self-harm are impulsive acts, and the difference between them seems to be a matter of degree. Episodic self-harm is self-injurious behavior engaged in every so often by people who don't think about it otherwise and don't see themselves as "self-injurers." It generally is a symptom of some other psychological disorder.

What begins as episodic self-harm can escalate into repetitive self-harm, which many practitioners (Favazza, 1996).

Additionally, self-injurious behavior may be divided into two dimensions:…. [read more]


Judy Jones the Case Essay

… The session is summarized at the end, and homework is collaboratively set" (Fursland et al. 2012).

The process of CBT passes through specific phases. During the first phase, the assessment, the therapist talks with the client and determines the intractability of the behavior, beliefs about weight, and sets goals for treatment. Medical risk is also assessed. The client's eating behaviors are discussed and clients may be given various psychological tests and inventories to clarify the best approach. It is unclear from the patient description what Judy's BMI is, or the specifics of her eating behaviors and exercise patterns. All of these are relevant in terms of designing a program of treatment.

The assessment phase also entails eating disorder education: unlike many other approaches, the CBT…. [read more]


Happiness Interviews Essay

… However, both individuals have devoted their lives to helping others -- my mother tirelessly raised three children, while my colleague works as a nurse. In this regard, the interview revealed the shifting nature of happiness and its manifestations.

Interview with Mother

Question: What does happiness mean to you now?

Answer: Well, I've had a difficult life, but I've been blessed with a lot as well. I think happiness has definitely changed for me over time; when I was younger, I had a lot more ambition, as did you father. Now, happiness comes from day-to-day events -- cooking a great meal, waking up in the morning pain-free, seeing your father and you children happy. I think as you get older you start to become satisfied from…. [read more]


Adolescent Influences and Adjustments Term Paper

… Adolescent Influences and Adjustments

What are the influences in the lives of adolescents that have a direct impact on how they behave, how they see the world and how they interact within their home, school, and community environments? Which influences - of the many they encounter - have the most dramatic effect on adolescents? Why?

Among the many influences that are perhaps not discussed as thoroughly as need be are violent media - in particular, violent video games. It is not breaking any new ground to point out that many television shows and movies that adolescents are free to watch have multiple murders, misogynistic aggression, beatings, stabbings, shootings and other forms of violent behavior. Studies show that by the time a boy is in his…. [read more]


Peer Pressure in Adolescence Term Paper

… Peer Pressure in Adolescence

The Nature Of Peer Relationships

Peer relationship among adolescent has long been recognized by educationist and psychologists as an essential part of human development. There is little doubt that peer groups and the formation of peer relationships are an important and integral part of adolescent development and growth. As one researcher sates, "...the first level of the ecology or the context of human development is the micro system... [that is] family, school, peer groups as well as the specific culture within which the family identifies" (Boujlaleb).

There is also a growing consensus among educationists and psychologists that peer influence has become even more important than family and parental guidance. In this regard the Vice President of the Institute for Youth Development,…. [read more]


Adolescence and Personality Term Paper

… Adolescence and Personality

Adolescence is the period of human development and growth characterized by susceptibility to social and psychological pressures. This period is a formative and crucial part of the development of the adult personality complex in the individual and is often accompanied by stress and inner as well as external conflict. Adolescence involves the main areas of adult functioning; namely, internalization of problems, pro-social competence, and cognitive competence.

Adolescence is often viewed as a period of inner psychological tension which can result in psychological as well sociological problems

Adolescence, especially during the early years, is a period of important developmental changes and a time of stress and conflict. The physiological changes often precipitate special problems and doubts about self-concept, sexual identity, and relationships with…. [read more]

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