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Terrorism in Academic, Military, and Civilian Discussions Reaction Paper

… Terrorism

In academic, military, and civilian discussions about terrorism, nothing strikes fear and dread into the hearts and minds of the participants like the thought of a small, splinter group purchasing and delivering a nuclear weapon. While many experts see this as an unlikely action, primarily due to the complexity required to deliver such a weapon; partially due to the notion that harsh reprimands would likely come out of any such attack, and would, in fact, do very little regain territory in disputed areas (Maurer, 2009).

However, one must make a clear distinction between the idea of nuclear terrorism and nuclear terror -- they are different. Nuclear terrorism is about the acquisition and use of a nuclear device against a population group or structure --…. [read more]


Terrorism Is at This Point Term Paper

… This represents a real challenge for the law enforcement agencies such as the CBP as well as for the legislative body at the level of the country to ensure that, while maintaining and preserving the right of people to seek better life conditions, they do not do that at the expense of the law or do not jeopardize the security and safety of the American people.

In terms of the actual actions conducted by the CBP at the borders, as per the activity report for the fiscal year 2012, the federal agency, among other achievements conducted"999 apprehensions at and between U.S. ports of entry 54 arrests of wanted criminals at U.S. ports of entry" (U.S. Customs and Border Protection, 2013). It may be that at…. [read more]


Military Intervention Research Paper

… Parenti contends that most U.S. missions serve as pretexts for hidden political goals; to bolster conservative regimes, to build infrastructures for big investors, to lend legitimacy to counterinsurgency programs, and to undermine local agrarian self-sufficiency while promoting U.S. agribusiness products.

Humanitarian intervention remains a controversial and hotly debated issue in the field of international relations. However, it is evident that military intervention in sovereign states where massive violations of human rights occur is legal and justifiable under international law. Nevertheless, what constitutes massive violation of human rights will continue to be open for debate.

Works Cited

"Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms." Joint Publication 1-02. 31 August 2005: 338. 3 October 2011. < http://www.bits.de/NRANEU/others/jp-doctrine/jp1_02(05).pdf>

Ferraro, Vincent. "Principles of the Just War" Mount…. [read more]


Terrorism Definitions Essay

… S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (USA TRADOC) (2007) developed a document that thoroughly provides detail on how terror groups are structured and organized. Generally, terror groups are structured as hierarchies or networks. Hierarchical structures are highly dependent on members' commitment, while networks are characterized by its variety and complexity. Further divided into cells, networks can have a chain (reactive movement of members), all channel (lateral connections among members) or star/hub (has a central individual as point of contact) organizations. However, terror groups often use hybrids of these organizations, making the hybrid organization the most difficult to identify and track/trace.

4. Samuel Huntington & Thomas Barnett's discussion of evolution of terrorism

Huntington and Barnett's proposed theories present polarizing, yet compelling, opinions about political conflicts, warfare,…. [read more]


Latin American Terrorism Issues Research Paper

… United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC)

This group of terrorist is relatively weak and less active. Very few activities have been reported by this group. It has more than 32000 members dismissed. Thus, it remains inactive as a formal group. Despite of its less activities, many old members of AUC are engaged in criminal activities mostly drug trafficking, in newly emerging criminal organizations (known as BACRIM, BandasCriminalesEmergentes). This newly emerging group has more than 3500 and less than 6000 members. To cope with this situation, Colombian government has taken multiple steps and made new laws. These laws are being implemented properly in order to generate peace in the region. One of the unique and most effective laws made in this context is the thorough and…. [read more]


Combating Future Terrorism the Continuing Research Paper

… , 168). Moreover, Americans should not be startled that so many foreign nations despise that the U.S. created a coup in Iraq, and has assassinated elected leaders in Chile and elsewhere. The point of this article is that terrorism will likely continue to be launched at the U.S. because the U.S. is seen as "the destroyer of indigenous cultural traditions, a unilateral bully in international economic affairs…an ominous threat to the environment, human rights, and worker protection" (Shlapentokh, 168).

How can the U.S. Use Socio-Economic Strategies Against Terrorists

Waszak, J.D.G. (2004). The Obstacles to Suppressing Radical Islamic Terrorist Financing.

Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, 36(2/3), 673-710.

The author Waszak points to the difficulty that U.S. government interests face when trying to cut off…. [read more]


Terrorism in Seattle Case Study

… On December 29, 1999, Seattle Mayor Paul Schell with the concurrence of the City Council decided to cancel the Millennium Celebration, even though it had been planned for over 24 months. The ostensible reason was a potential terrorist attack, based on the December 14th arrest of an Algerian man, Ahmed Ressam, who was arrested in Port Angeles with enough explosives to blow up at least one major building. When Ressam was arrest boarding a ferry, investigators found that he had booked up a hotel room for one night near the Space Needle. While there was no "direct evidence" that Ressam was planning to blow up the Needle, this and recent events in Seattle led to the decision to end all events by 6pm on New…. [read more]


Just and Unjust USA War Against Afghanistan Term Paper

… Terrorism

There are a number of ways to interpret terrorist attacks in the modern world. The Bush administration has chosen a particular perspective that is intended to justify the employment of the United States military as a tool for rooting out terrorism in general. However, there are many difficulties with the logical backing for such a position; the way terrorism is understood, and the sources of terrorism have been largely misconstrued. Many people have put forward criticisms of the White House's outlook -- some from particularly visible individuals -- and an equal number of alternative approaches to terrorism have been offered. but, fundamentally, terrorism needs to be understood as a means of waging warfare; usually adopted by those who possess significant strategic and militaristic shortcomings.…. [read more]


Psychological Process Research Paper

… General provisions of FISA establish procedures for the authorization of electronic surveillance, the use of pen registers, trap, and trace devices, conducting physical searches and business records for purposes of gathering foreign intelligence. I support use of extraordinary rendition by the government against foreign individuals suspected of acts of terrorism against the United States because they are not U.S. citizens hence not supported by law. Secondly, this can help deter any foreign terrorist who intends to carry out terrorism activity with the United States.

The statute regarding a material witness permits the government under circumstances that are not limited to detain people who will be required as witnesses' in future judicial proceedings and they cannot be relied upon to appear for those proceedings. Enemy combatant…. [read more]


Airline Terrorism as the Name Term Paper

… October 2001 saw the first military action initiated by the U.S. under this policy, when Afghanistan was invaded. Prior to the invasion, the Taliban had refused to hand over bin Laden without being shown evidence of his connection to the attacks. While the primary objective of capturing bin Laden failed, the invasion did succeed in uprooting the Taliban from power, enabling the implementation of a government somewhat more cooperative and supportive in the search for bin Laden and the general "War on Terror."

Air India Flight 182 was a Boeing 747 that exploded on June 23, 1985 while at an altitude of 31,000 feet above the Atlantic Ocean, south of Ireland. All 329 on board were killed, of whom 82 were children, and 280 were…. [read more]


Global Terrorism Is a Systematic Research Paper

… To achieve its goals, the group uses series of force, which include bombing, and hijacking of planes.

"AI Qaeda seeks to destroy the U.S. For what they feel is oppressive foreign policy. They are also against Israel. AI Qaeda has been linked to various terrorist attacks in the world including the 2001 attack against the World Trade Center in New York.." (Jack, Bailey, & Matt, 2012, p. 238).

The group has also been linked to hotel attack in Yemen in 1992 as well as bombing of strategic places In Saudi Arabia between 1995 and 1996."AI Qaeda has declared a holy war, or "Jihad, against the U.S. AI Qaeda is also heavily involved in terrorist activity at present in Iraq." (Jack, Bailey, & Matt, 2012, p.…. [read more]


Threat -Domestic or International Terrorism? Term Paper

… Another trump card is safeguarding the infrastructure. These trump cards take precedence over all other government activities. More attacks on the United States keep the congress engrossed on these trump cards. If the industry does not evolve its own policies, the government creates new laws in order to achieve these goals.

The huge threat to the business is not the possible threat of a terrorist crashing an airplane into the building but the several numbers of new laws and regulations enforced in an effort to safeguard the transportation industry. Communications personnel should evolve a plan and instruct employees regarding their roles in the security audit. A person with security expertise can evaluate potential threats. Information technology experts safeguard valuable databases from cyberspace attacks. Engineers are…. [read more]


Global War on Terrorism Term Paper

… ¶ … History of Terrorism

Historical depictions of warfare often lead one to think that war, especially as conducted on European soil, was an event of rules and engagement and strategy. Conducting war has been described as an "art." Famous men throughout history have become famous because they were perceived to be great strategists; Napoleon Bonaparte, William the Conqueror, Alexander the Great, and Dwight D. Eisenhower, to name a few.

The image of war that came to the minds of many people was that of two forces standing on opposing hills, so to speak, facing off and, then, when the great leader gives the signal, engaging in battle. As warfare progressed into modern history, there were rules of engagement and rules governing the treatment of…. [read more]


Anti Terrorism Measures Effective Essay

… These vehicles may be parked near buildings, in garage parking, or near a potential target These and other situational factors must be considered in any anti-terrorist plan. They also should be filtered through the considered judgment and interpretation of security personnel. Of course, to the extent practical, people should be made aware of these factors. Indeed, it is well advised to train employees, particularly security personnel, to be cognizant of these factors. Going beyond awareness, relevant policies and procedures in how to react to these indicators are crucial to an effective anti-terrorism response. Obviously, this is easier said than done. However, short of direct intelligence or mind-reading abilities, these are the best security practices available to date. Above all, it is important to maintain vigilance…. [read more]


Domestic U.S. Soft Targets the Identification and Vulnerabilities Term Paper

… Terrorism and Domestic "Soft Targets" in the United States

One of the central factors influencing the determination and identification of terrorist "soft targets' in the United States, is the perceived change in terrorist tactics. This has been the focus of many recent studies and refers to the change in focus to more accessible or "softer" targets by terrorists. As Morgan (2004) states, "Most recent scholarship, however, has taken the perspective that contemporary terrorism represents a significant departure from the past" (Morgan, 2004, p.29).

Among the many new aspects that characterize contemporary terrorism is the increase in the indiscriminateness of many terrorist attacks. This has been ascribed to, among others, the influence of the media. "...the saturation of the media with images of terrorist atrocity has…. [read more]


Guard and Reserve Military Families Thesis

… ¶ … guard and reserve military families face during and after deployment and an assessment of the effectiveness of resources provided

The present study will contain a literature review in Chapter Two which will provide the information sought after in this study. Chapter Three will provide information on the methodology of the present study while Chapter Four will relate the findings of the study. Finally, Chapter Five will draw conclusions and make recommendations. Service members and their spouse and other family members are impacted by specific factors that either negatively or positively impacts their experiences with deployment and which ultimately impact retention rates of service members in the U.S. armed forces. However, the factors that serve to impact these individuals have not been examined thoroughly…. [read more]


Piracy Maritime Terrorism Term Paper

… Maritime Piracy and Terrorism in the Atlantic and Caribbean Oceans - a Methodology to Counteract

More than six years after the attacks of September 11th, 2001 showed the United States to be a nation deeply vulnerable to the type of attacks which are favored by terrorist organizations, the security policies and approaches to protecting the American people and America's friends and interests remain deeply impeachable. Security responses relating to the combat of foreign wars, the bureaucratic consolidation of American security agencies, the enhancement of surveillance freedoms to be used against the American people and the selling of America's port security to a state-run firm in the United Arab Emirates are all suggestive of a government which has not taken the proper steps to address the…. [read more]


Pakistan's ISI: 'A Kingdom Term Paper

… Due to Musharraf's grip on the ISI, the organization joined efforts to hunt down al-Qaeda operatives, killing many of them and helping the FBI arrest them. As John Jack Rooney notes, Pakistan "has killed or captured more senior Al-Qaeda leaders than any other country."

But the fact that Pakistani government was not able to control the ISI until the country was ruled by a military leader and was pressured by a foreign power raises serious questions about the ability of the civilian government to implement an effective rule without being undermined by the ISI.

The control over the ISI activities is even more complicated because neither the Pakistani Army nor the ISI is a monolithic organization.

There are factions within each which may remain loyal…. [read more]


Fighting Terrorism in Afghanistan: Diplomacy's Role Research Paper

… There have also been efforts championed by the UN to create public awareness about the relevance of peace. On this front, some of the issues addressed include resource depletion and environmental degradation and how these result in conflict. For instance, on September 21st 2015, the Afghan National Environment Protection Agency (NEPA) and the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) took part in a global Peace Trek dubbed the 7th Annual Peace Trek (Bruch, Muffett, and Nicholas 2016). Some of the factors that the initiative sought to promote was peace, understanding, and need to protect the environment.

Being cognizant of the role the UN has played in softening the ground for enduring peace in Afghanistan, a negotiated approach via the UN would be the most appropriate…. [read more]


Counterterrorism the Future of Counterterrorism Policies: Examining Literature Review

… Counterterrorism

The Future of Counterterrorism Policies:

Examining Partnerships

between

Special Operations Forces

Law Enforcement Agencies

The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 will never be forgotten by the millions of people who witnessed them, whether live or on television, whether American or foreign, and whether old or young. This date has surely joined others as an infamous date in American history. In addition to the palpable shockwaves of grief and shock that these attacks sent around the world, the September 11 attacks have also ignited a fight between the United States and the forces that plot against it, namely the terrorist forces that exist all around the world, hidden from sight. This "fight" has been labeled by the United States government as a fight against…. [read more]


Homeland Security and Terrorism Research Paper

… Homeland Security & Terrorism

The Costs of Homeland Security and Fighting Terrorism

Freedom and human rights

in America are doomed.

The United States will lead the American people into an unbearable hell and a choking life.

Osama bin Laden, CNN 2002

On September 11, 2001, the United States was attacked by a group of nineteen terrorists who hijacked airplanes and hit them against the World Trade Center and the Pentagon buildings. The terrorist attack killed nearly 3,000 people and caused enormous financial and property damage. Those direct costs, however, were not the only concern of Americans at the time. Many worried that the United States could be attacked again -- perhaps, on a more massive scale than on 9/11. In response to this overwhelming sentiment…. [read more]


Morally There Is No Difference Between Killing Essay

… Morally There Is No Difference Between Killing Civilians With Bombs From Military Aircraft and Blowing Them Up With Bombs

Morally, is there a difference between killing civilians with bombs from military aircraft and blowing them up with bombs?

The central question of this paper raises some complex moral as well as practical and legal issues. On the one hand there is certain, if somewhat spurious, validity to the argument that justifies civilian deaths in a military action as a result of "collateral damage." The bombing of civilians in an anti-terrorist action is commonly seen in a different and more positive moral and ethical light to the actions of the terrorist or terrorist group who purposely set out to harm or terrorize innocent people by detonating…. [read more]


Origins of Al Qaeda Term Paper

… Origins of Al Qaeda

The Origins of Al-Qaeda: The World View of Osama Bin Laden and Ayman Al-Zawahiri, the leaders of Al-Qaeda."

Al-Qaeda and its leaders, Osama Bin Laden and Ayman Al-Zawahiri are frequently popular world news subjects.

The world seems to want to be constantly aware of the goings on of these people and their organization. There is no secret to the desired need for this information. As most people know Al-Qaeda is a significant and ongoing threat to the world, with regard to terrorist activities and continued fundamentalist extremism with regard to jihad, or what these extremists see as a holy war against the rest of the world, but mostly the Western world. This work will begin with a short introduction to the…. [read more]


Noam Chomsky 9-11 Term Paper

… Chomsky's 911

Noam Chomsky's Book 911 and his view of Past, Present, and Future Impacts of American and other Terrorism

The well-known American libertarian sociolinguist Noam Chomsky ((Noam Chomsky, June 26, 2007) is the author of the bestselling book 911 (October 2001). Chomsky's 911 consists of interviews between various journalists, worldwide, and Chomsky himself about the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on American soil, the World Trade Center and Pentagon; and on America's military response to those. Chomsky sees these terrorist attacks on America, and the events leading up to and then away from them, as being indicative, in combination with the attacks themselves, of wider and deeper implications springing from America's undeniable historical and present military aggression (Chomsky, 911, 2001).

Chomsky's 911, which essentially…. [read more]


Computer Security Research Paper

… Computer Security

Information Warfare (IW) is one of the latest forms of threats that poses great security risk to the national peace and order in the U.S. In this paper we present an analysis of all the emerging trends of information warfare. Our goal is to formulate appropriate recommendations and strategies for mitigating the risks associated with this new form of threat. In our study we present various literatures that are dedicated to the context of Information Warfare. An identification of all the vulnerable points in the institutional and governmental infrastructure is also presented. The overall goal is to ensure that our nation and the world as a whole is protected from the dangers associated with cyber terrorism.

Introduction

The modern world heavily relies on…. [read more]


Chomsky the Linguist Noam Chomsky Views Term Paper

… Chomsky

The linguist Noam Chomsky views the government of the United States as a terrorist state for a number of reasons. According to the author, the only difference between a coercive diplomacy and terrorism is the power of the entity threatening force (Chomsky, 9-11, 13). In his book, 9-11, Chomsky furthermore defines an act of terrorism from the point-of-view of the United States as an activity that (a) involves a violent act or an act dangerous to human life that is a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or any State, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or of any State; and (B) appears to be intended (i) to intimidate or coerce…. [read more]


How Could a Terrorist Be Radicalized? Essay

… Radical

How could a terrorist be de-radicalised?

terrorism strategies

How Could a Terrorist be Deradicalised?

In the last two decades there has been a rapid increase in the threat of both international and domestic terrorism in the world. This increase has been dramatically emphasized by a number of major terrorist attacks, such as the Oklahoma bombing in 1995, the attack on New York in 2001 as well as the suicide attacks on the London transport system in 2005, among others. These and many others events have not only raised concern in terms of the increased sophistication and the use of modern technologies, but also on the concept and reality of the radicalization of terrorism.

Ii should be noted at the outset that terrorism has a…. [read more]


Oklahoma City Bombing Term Paper

… Oklahoma City Bombing

Events before the bombing

What went wrong

Timothy McVeigh, the person who planned and executed the Oklahoma bombing in 1995 was able to create his own bombs by buying the needed chemicals (such as the ammonium nitrate) to a local farm cooperative and nitromethane to a texas Race track. He acted and disguised like a normal civilian needing the said chemicals for personal and inconspicuous use. after the his successful and deadly Oklahoma bombing, the United States of America has proposed a number of plans to prevent anymore terrorism attack (just like what Mcveigh did). However, the proposed programs of the U.S. did not provide any focus to what is very obvious - and that is the people's easy access to chemical-producing…. [read more]


Comitatus Act Essay

… (Brown, 2005) (Smith, 2002)

What similarities are there between the force structures of Israel, Great Britain, and the United States?

The biggest similarities between the structure of Israel, Great Britain and the United States armed forces are the in the focus on overwhelming air superiority. This means that the air force will be utilized to soften up targets on the ground (with a high intensity campaign). Then, there will be a smaller contingency of grounds forces that will conduct mop up operations. The basic idea with this strategy is to use overwhelming power to achieve quick victories in high intensity campaigns. This has influenced the structure of the military by focusing on SOF and rapid response units. In the event that larger forces are needed…. [read more]

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