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How Has Terrorism Effected the World Economy in Particular the United States Term Paper

… Terrorism and Economy

How has Terrorism Effected the World Economy and United States

There is no universally accepted definition of terrorism, and although at times people agree on a definition of terrorism, they also often disagree about whether or not the definition fits a particular incident (Terrorism pp). Thus, one must assess the different views of what exactly constitutes terrorism in order to understand it (Terrorism pp). Attempting to reach a general conclusion on the definition of terrorism has created much debate internationally and within the social sciences (Terrorism pp). However, no single definition seems to satisfy the wide interpretation of what specifically is terrorism (Terrorism pp).

1988 study by the United States Army found over 100 definitions of the word 'terrorism' (Definition pp). The…. [read more]


Terrorism What Was Once Seen on Television Term Paper

… Terrorism

What was once seen on television as part of temporary news broadcasts is now more and more present to even become a global threat. Terrorism is "the threat or use of violence, often against the civilian population, to achieve political or social ends, to intimidate opponents, or to publicize grievances" (the Columbia Encyclopedia, 2007). The most jeopardizing feature of terrorism for a community is given by the fact that it most often targets innocent civilians and it becomes a danger to all of us, everywhere we may be: the shopping mall, the street, the train or even our workplace. "Terrorism, like the plague in the Middle Ages, frightens both leaders and citizens. It is a disease that is spreading, its cure is unknown" (Deutch,…. [read more]


Effects of Terrorism Term Paper

… Terrorism

The Effects of Terrorism on the Global Economy since Sept. 11th

Without question, terrorism has dramatic and significant impacts. The human cost can be high, and the damage can be extensive depending on the target and the method. However, it is unclear to some degree whether or not terrorism has a palpable impact on the global economy. Certainly, there are immediate economic impacts at the site of the terrorist attack and these effects will be felt in that region. However, the degree to which a terrorist attack is capable of impacting the global economy is less certain. Commonsense tells us that major acts of terrorism will impact the global economy, but commonsense is not necessarily the best indicator of financial effects. Rather it is…. [read more]


Terrorism the Efforts to Outdo Essay

… The most sensitive and instantaneous effects turned out to be the shock as well as the loss of innocent life. This was followed by the affected economy due to the damage, air travel disruption, as well as increasing uncertainty security wise and world financial markets. A number of recommendations were highlighted in the report on the 9/11 recovery operation and it was very clear that thousands of people suffered adverse and mental health effects in the immediate aftermath of the 9/11 attack. Whereas a good number have regained their health, others keep on experiencing tough times from a variety of circumstances that are linked with WTC exposure, including greater and minor respiratory infirmity as well as rational health state like Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

While…. [read more]


Terrorism Technological Innovation as a Weapon Thesis

… Terrorism Tech

Technological Innovation as a Weapon Against Terrorism

The United States is regarded as among the world's most vaunted leaders in technology development. Simultaneously, its military denotes one of the most formidable fighting forces in the world, both with respect to its capability to wage war and its capacity to provide defense to the homeland. These claims are inextricably linked, with the United States channeling its technological prowess into the development of greater weaponry, greater defense resources, more effective protective gear for military and defense personnel and a host of computer, communication and media devices that can have a significant impact on preserving the lives of Americans both at home and abroad. And yet, in the face of the threat of terror, many of…. [read more]


Terrorism Has Posed a Threat for Society Research Proposal

… Terrorism has posed a threat for society ever since the early ages when people have resorted to committing crimes against other people with the belief that such an act would better their condition. There are several factors responsible for influencing certain people in performing such criminal activities. In spite of the fact that it has been proved that terrorism brings no benefit to those that perform it, there are still people today that are fond of performing it and believe that the act is, in fact, effective.

Terrorism is something that mankind had always known, and, with the evolution of man, the act of terrorism has also evolved, too. The civilized society has struggled to isolate and abolish any thought of terrorism throughout the world.…. [read more]


Terrorism Asia the Political Complexity Essay

… Terrorism Asia

The Political Complexity of the Asian Position on Terrorism:

As Seen in Pakistan

The forces of economic, political and religious distinction which have driven a wedge between the Western World and the Arab world are steeped in a long history of divergent interests. The conflict as we know it today, largely waged between the United States and the Muslim world which populates North African, Asia and the region known as the Middle East, is the fallout of centuries of subjugation, exploitation and occupation. The colonial forces of Europe and the United States exist on a continuum within which Muslim states and cultures, once themselves a dominant and imperial global entity, have developed both historical and modern motives for violent and militant resistance. These…. [read more]


Piracy Maritime Terrorism Term Paper

… Maritime Piracy and Terrorism in the Atlantic and Caribbean Oceans - a Methodology to Counteract

More than six years after the attacks of September 11th, 2001 showed the United States to be a nation deeply vulnerable to the type of attacks which are favored by terrorist organizations, the security policies and approaches to protecting the American people and America's friends and interests remain deeply impeachable. Security responses relating to the combat of foreign wars, the bureaucratic consolidation of American security agencies, the enhancement of surveillance freedoms to be used against the American people and the selling of America's port security to a state-run firm in the United Arab Emirates are all suggestive of a government which has not taken the proper steps to address the…. [read more]


Domestic Terrorism the Al-Qaeda Group Term Paper

… Across the country in many airports faulty metal detectors are letting hundreds through security unchecked. There are also many baggage screeners that are ill trained or not interested in their job and thousands of bags are not screened properly or not screened at all. Many of the screeners are outdated anyway, they can a 2D figure and the screeners are unable to tell a bomb from normal items (Huges). More training and newer equipment are needed to outsmart today's terrorist. The latest in screening devices is the backscatter which takes an x-ray picture of you to see you have any concealed weapons. There are other systems that can scan you for bomb making materials (Halperin). The problem with these is that they are still being…. [read more]


Wall on Palestinian Economy Term Paper

… An Iraqi Perspective

The Israeli authorities say that the Wall is being constructed to protect vulnerable Israeli settlements (Gordon, 2003). They argue that problems with access to water, schools, farms and hospitals will be resolved by putting gates in the wall, and by issuing permits to cross it.

According to Linda Chavez (2003), "Israel should not give up its plans to build a secure barrier between itself and those who want to destroy the tiny nation. In the last three years, some 900 Israelis have been murdered by Palestinian terrorists. Short of all-out war on the Palestinians, a security barrier between Israel and the Palestinian territories may be the only way to prevent future attacks. A similar wall separating Gaza has prevented any terrorists from…. [read more]


Terrorism Affects the International Tourism Research Paper

… Terrorists see these vacationers as vital targets and utilize them as a political instrument. Acting against the tourism business permits the terrorists to harm a flourishing industry and additionally gather broad communications consideration. In the event, terrorist dangers happen in a nation remote voyagers reexamine their choice to visit reason being that the danger included has altogether expanded. The danger of being a potential terrorist target evokes a quick negative customer reaction.

Government and Political Reactions to Terrorism

Governments might react to terrorism by securing regulations and rules. For instance, a choice on the most proficient method to screen air transport explorers and the gear is utilized is chosen within the United States by the laws that are passed in Congress. Responses to terrorism from…. [read more]


Domestic U.S. Soft Targets the Identification and Vulnerabilities Term Paper

… Terrorism and Domestic "Soft Targets" in the United States

One of the central factors influencing the determination and identification of terrorist "soft targets' in the United States, is the perceived change in terrorist tactics. This has been the focus of many recent studies and refers to the change in focus to more accessible or "softer" targets by terrorists. As Morgan (2004) states, "Most recent scholarship, however, has taken the perspective that contemporary terrorism represents a significant departure from the past" (Morgan, 2004, p.29).

Among the many new aspects that characterize contemporary terrorism is the increase in the indiscriminateness of many terrorist attacks. This has been ascribed to, among others, the influence of the media. "...the saturation of the media with images of terrorist atrocity has…. [read more]


Global Efforts to Reduce Terrorism: Have They Been Effective? Essay

… ' For reasons that will be highlighted in the subsequent sections of this text, this approach has largely been ineffective.

There is the well-founded claim that one of the reasons the war on terror is being lost in many parts of the words is as a result of failure to grasp the workings and the grand strategy of terrorist formations. For instance, with regard to al-Qaeda, Gartenstein-Ross (2012) is of the opinion that the U.S. continues to lose the plot as far as the war against terror is concerned due to its inability to understand and integrate the grand strategy of al-Qaeda. In his well argued analysis, Gartenstein-Ross (2012) points out that as per al-Qaeda's understanding, the Soviet economy collapsed as a result of the…. [read more]


What if a Terrorist Event at Raymond James Stadium Thesis

… Terrorism and Raymond James Stadium

FYI, I included an outline for you in Appendix 1, not sure if you needed it, as well as an abstract (on the house). Thanks!

Terrorism -- the idea of using violence against non-combatant populations to increase the psychological effects of warfare has been a mainstay of human aggression for millennia. As Russian revolutionist Leon Tolstoy once said: "kill one, intimidate one thousand."

In contemporary times, terrorism has moved from a regional (e.g. Serbian terrorist Princep and the onset of World War I) to using methods of terrorism at two major levels; international and transnational. International terrorism is becoming more endemic in the modern world; it is a set of terroristic goals that happens when a sovereign government, organization, or…. [read more]


Threats and Consequences Terrorism Research Paper

… The September 11th attacks were the largest terrorist attacks ever carried out on American soil, and the entire world was able to see the attack progress in real-time. It did have a negative impact on tourism, and flights to the United States especially, but tourism did not suffer as strongly in the United States because of the very fast defeat of the Taliban, and the immediate reaction of calmness that U.S. officials took. (Dow, 2011) In reaction to the flight hijackings, flight cabins were reinforced, and protocols were adopted in airports that would ease the entire process of flight security, while at the same time being much more thorough in inspections. The United States' reaction to its terrorist problem was greater than any nation's reaction…. [read more]


Intelligence Community Reform How it Effects National Security Research Paper

… Intelligence Community Reform

Since the 911 terrorist attacks, most people assumed the U.S. intelligence community was undergoing a series of different reforms, to help gather and more effectively utilize intelligence. Part of the reason for this, is because of a series of blown opportunities the U.S. intelligence community had in the events leading up to September 11, 2001. A good example of this can be seen with the CIA admitting they knew of the whereabouts for one of the September 11th hijackers in January 2000. When a meeting would take place between the would be hijacker (Khalid Al Mihdar) and Osama Bin Laden in Malaysia in January. During the meeting, the CIA would photograph and identify Al Midhar as person of interest associated with Al…. [read more]


Terrorist Organizations and the Media Term Paper

… Two Italian anarchists, Malatesta and Cafiero declared in 1876 that the fact of rebellion would make the socialist principles of their organizations accepted by means of violent acts. To this end, it is of significant importance to terror groups to engage in at least one sensational violent act for which they are remembered. Following are the reasons given for armed propaganda in preference over theoretical propaganda:

Theoretical propaganda could slander the bourgeois press.

Bourgeois speakers could conceal issues at their meetings by speaking pleasantly.

Workers returning home after their tiring working day might not be eager to read socialist publications.

Consequently, one act would ensure the transmission of propaganda rather than millions of statements in a day.

Armed propaganda promotes public perceptions of the efficiency…. [read more]


History of China's Importance Research Paper

… The international political scene at this time is not dominated by a great power, nor should it be. Seeing how great powers manifest themselves in terms of political influence, it is basically impossible for a state to exercise the political dominance over the enormous amount of different political forces that are present in the countries around the world. Indeed, most states have engaged in democratic political processes; however, there are important actors on the international scene, such as China, Russia, Iran who refuse to accept the Western style of politics and therefore its influence.

From a military perspective, the existence of a major power cannot be considered to be viable for various reasons. First, terrorist groups have become worthy actors of the international relations, as…. [read more]


Noble Prize Lecture Presented in 1986 by Elie Wiesel Term Paper

… Wiesel Nobel Lecture

Wiesel's Nobel Prize Lecture

Given the horrifying events that have occurred around the world since the beginning of the twenty-first century, it is inconceivable that the twenty-first century be marked by forgetfulness rather than remembrance. If the world at large were to forget the events marking the beginning of the twenty-first century, there would be no lesson learned from the events, and the likely result would be a worldwide escalation in violence and hatred. The truth of such a statement becomes that much clearer when one realizes that so much of the world has tried to forget the horrors of the twentieth century, minimizing them to such an extent that the victims of those horrors have been perverted by modern revisionists into…. [read more]


War and Death Research Paper

… War and Death

When considering the causes and outcomes of war, oftentimes it can be helpful to compare and contrast seemingly disparate cases, because this comparison can often reveal underlying processes, strategies, and assumptions that would have remained hidden otherwise. This is why, for example, one may consider the United States' more recent occupations of Iraq and Afghanistan alongside its actions in the Korean War; though these cases are separated by a substantial expanse of time, examining the causes behind these conflicts as well as the effects reveals that the conception of warfare as a means of statecraft has not changed substantially in the intervening time. This leads one inevitably to reconsider the state of South and North Korea's relationship today, because these two actors…. [read more]


Weapons of Mass Destruction Research Paper

… Chemical weapons comprised liquids as well as gases that suffocate the victims, upset the central nervous system, blister the skin, and poison the blood. Biological weapons include infectious agents such as fungi, viruses and bacteria. Bursting the biological weapons over a populated area might eventually result in the outbreak of deadly diseases such as plague, anthrax, or smallpox. A study conducted by the U.S. Department of Defense indicates a strong correlation between the country's participation on international relations and terrorist assault on it

The assessment might involve a range of states including states with stakes as well as those without interests. Even though countries would work toward realizing peace and stability of their neighbors, it is important for every nation to come on board during…. [read more]


Terrorist Threat and the Commercial Essay

… Notably, the commercial sector remains widely affected in case of terrorist attack including those that do not directly target this sector. For instance, while the 9/11 attacks were carried out to cause widespread fear within the United States and across the world, they had significant impacts on the country's commercial sector and the entire economy. The costs of the attack on the country's economy were beyond the loss of life and property destructions (Richardson, Gordon & Moore II, 2009, p.75). The 9/11 attacks also caused disruptions in financial markets that threatened unfavorable effects on the usual operations of a wide set of newly susceptible industries. Actually, the reactions by the commercial sector and the business environment demonstrated the degree of trauma caused by the incident…. [read more]


Power, Interdependence, and Nonstate Actors Research Paper

… Power, Interdependence, And Nonstate Actors in World Politics

Power, Interdependence, and Non-state Actors in World Politics

In the late 1970s, new approaches emerged concerning international relations. Although the constituents of the new approaches appear in numerous literatures, several political scholars combined the themes in the various literatures to develop a competitor to realism, which later led to the formulation of neo-realism. This model was first discussed in Power and Interdependence; however, this approach is currently popular and referred to as neo-liberal institutionalism. After three decades since Power and Interdependence, numerous studies suggest that this new model has gained significant international relations. On the other hand, After Hegemony, which is core to the neo-liberal model, provided the most compelling theoretical support for the existences and role…. [read more]


Briefing on Security Board Research Paper

… An additional major risk to commercial airlines is the increase in conspiracies and attacks directing airports rather than airplanes. Assaults touching airports have been planned and executed using multiple techniques. All such facts are usually ignored by the security system. Although airports are also increasingly endangered but this does not necessarily reduce the risk of damage suffered by airlines. For instance, an attack on the airport can result in delay of flights which in turn results in obligation to the airline to accommodate their passengers and provide additional services. This can badly affect the budget of the airline itself and can incur it heavy losses. Thus, necessary measures must be taken to avoid the financial risks. Relying solely on airport authorities is not enough in…. [read more]


Al-Qaeda Developing a Coherent Strategy Article

… S. And European nations. These attacks have resulted in the loss of thousands of lives (Post, 2002), and the number continues to grow. Keeping in mind the aforementioned description of Al-Qaeda's background, power structure, operation methods and ideology, one can easily conduct an examination of the strengths and weakness of the group and determine how best to achieve victory over this multi-faced foe.

The Chinese General and military strategist, Sun Tzu, in his book 'The Art of War' (Giles, 2005) has famously said, "To fight and conquer in all our battles, is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy's resistance without fighting." A well-thought out strategy is required to defeat a foe of such vast influence and caliber. It should in no…. [read more]


Cyber Terrorism the Internet Research Paper

… On the one hand, it overwhelms the computer circuitry; and on the other, in a less damaging way, exposes a string of harmful digital code to an enemy's radio wave transmission region (Rollins and Wilson, 2007).

A computer network attack (CNA) consists of a malicious code utilized as a weapon, effecting enemy computers and taking advantage of vulnerability in software, in system configuration, or in computer security norms of either an entire organization or just an individual using a computer. Nonetheless, it may also fall in the category of an identity thief utilizing data to get access inside computers that are forbidden for open use. While EA and CNA attacks are less probable to occur as compared to physical attacks, they can be more devastating…. [read more]


Reagan Foreign Policy Term Paper

… Reagan Foreign Policy

Regan Foreign Policy (Paper 1)

The Reagan Administration's policies were focused on counteracting the Soviet Union's military buildup from the 1960s into the 1980s. In retrospect, some of his supporters such as Steven Hayward claimed that Reagan's real intentions were to win the Cold War (although this was never mentioned during his presidency). He advocated a policy of "Peace through Strength" and increased military spending on conventional and nuclear weapons. (Hayward, 2009, pg. 99). Essentially, the Cold War was a central them to Reagan's worldview. Regardless of the new threats were emerging at the end of his second term.

Not all of the foreign policy decisions were in line with Regan's ideals especially in: Lebanon, Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan. This is a…. [read more]


Food Not Bombs Case Study

… Food Not Bombs

The issue of hunger is considered to be one of the most stringent problems facing the world today. Despite the fact that we live in a globalised world, there are areas of the globe where hunger is the everyday life situation. At the same time, wars are constantly financed by the most important countries in the world, without paying attention to the human damage that is left behind or the costs such devastating operations mean in terms of food resources in particular.

Despite this grim situation, the international community tries to point out these aspects and intervene through every means possible. In this sense, the work and activity of transnational organization and in general of international forums has increased, particularly in the…. [read more]


Disasters Critical Infrastructure Protection Term Paper

… Disasters

Impact of Disasters to Infrastructure in a Networked World

Disaster planning has been made that much more difficult in recent decades because of the increasingly networked nature of our own societies. As economies and cultures become more interconnected and seemingly disparate systems rely on each other to function, the effects of disasters on critical infrastructures become more significant and widespread. Whether those disasters are technological such as the 2003 Blackout, intentional such as the September 11th terrorist attacks, or natural such as Hurricane Katrina analysts are finding that the impact of these disasters is more extensive than might have once been the case. Key assets and critical infrastructure have been networked in such a pervasive way that seemingly localized disasters will have far-reaching consequences…. [read more]


Origins of Al Qaeda Term Paper

… Origins of Al Qaeda

The Origins of Al-Qaeda: The World View of Osama Bin Laden and Ayman Al-Zawahiri, the leaders of Al-Qaeda."

Al-Qaeda and its leaders, Osama Bin Laden and Ayman Al-Zawahiri are frequently popular world news subjects.

The world seems to want to be constantly aware of the goings on of these people and their organization. There is no secret to the desired need for this information. As most people know Al-Qaeda is a significant and ongoing threat to the world, with regard to terrorist activities and continued fundamentalist extremism with regard to jihad, or what these extremists see as a holy war against the rest of the world, but mostly the Western world. This work will begin with a short introduction to the…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.